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THE TELEGHAPH PIII.VTIWO CO.
B. J. STACKPOLE, Pres't and TreaVr. j
V. R. OYSTER. Secretary.
OUS M. BTEINMETZ, Managing Editor.
Published every evening (except Sun
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Eastern Office. Fifth Avenue BOUdlng,
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THURSDAY EVENING, APRIL 30
A FRAGRANT MEMORY
SOME years have elapsed since the
late Sara J. Haldeman-Haly passed
out of this life, but her memory
grows greener and more fragrant.
If possible, with the passing of time.
This by reason of the fact that she
tnade possible the fine public library
that is doing a service in this com
munity the extent of which even this
good woman could not have foreseen.
Thousands of- people, many of them
girls and boys, are using the library
from day to day and its value as a
public institution is becoming more
and more apparent.
Such a legacy as that which Mrs.
Ilaly left to Itarrisburg is a more
conspicuous and enduring monument
than any shaft of granite or sculp
tured bronze. Her memory is on
shrined in the hearts of children and
R.s these grow to manhood and woman
hood their children will also learn to
respect the memory of the one who
looked beyond her own day and gen
rration into the future years, provid
ing out of her abundant means for the
education and happiness of thousands
yet unborn and making it possible for
scores and hundreds of poor girls and
boys to enrich their minds with the
best in literature.
We of the present day owe a debt of
gratitude to those of the past and we
fall short of our obligations to the
future when we fail to provide for
those to come after lis the means for
b betterment of the race through edu
cation. attractive environment and the
other features of modern civilization.
Well, anyway, that little affair down
nt Vera Cruz has not disturbed the
well-established custom of "watchful
GERMANY ANI) UNITED STATES
GERMAN economic progress and
national wealth have been
the subjects of discussion dur
ing the last year in practically
every society having to do with the |
Industrial and commercial develop
ment of our own country. The Ger
inanistic Society of America, in fur
therance of its purpose to promote in'
this country a wider and more accu
rate knowledge of the German people,
lias taken the opportunity of making
accessible to American readers in an
English version a work by Dr. Karl
Jlelfferich on the development that
has taken place in the economic con
ditions of Germany ill the last twenty
live years. It is the complementary
part of a larger work issued at the time j
of the celebration held by Germans
throughout the world to commemorate I
the peaceful and prosperous reign of
the present German Emperor.
Even a glance through this impor
tant treatise shows the great under
lying principles of Germany's prosper
ity and progress. They are so radically
different In many respects from our
pwn country's attitude with relation
to business that it is difficult to un
derstand how a practical people like
those of the United States should have
gone so far afield in the working out
of theories that are so contrary to the
proved policies of a nation like Ger
many, which has developed along all
Perhaps the most striking sentence
In the Introduction of the work, es
pecially In view of the present position
of the Administration at Washington
on the enlargement of the navy, is
The imposing bulwark of our
army, to which our Emperor has
added a mighty navy, lias insured
for us more than fnrtv years of
peace, and has given protection and
encouragement lo the German, not
only at home, but wherever he
might settle In any part of the
world. Thus enjoying the protec
tion of peace and working with un
resting. unflagging energy of head
and hand, the German people have
made up for the centuries lost In
impotence and self-destruction;
they have broadened all the condi
tions of their life from a con
tracted narrowness to an undreamt
of expansion, and all things consid
ered, they have achieved an ad
vancement such as, compressed
within so brief a time, the historV
of nations can hardly parallel.
Those who are at all familiar with
the tremendous development of Ger
many understand that political evolu
tion has been followed by a period or
economic achievement and social
progress. It is held by Dr. Helfferich
that the politicttl regeneration 06 Ger
many and the re-estahllshnient of its
military power, which guaranteed
liberty and freedom, laid the founda
tions for the unfolding of the nation's
Perhaps the most striking feature
of this study of Germany's prosperity
and growth is that which deals with
the organization of business and the.
freedom that has been secured for all
classes of commercial and Industrial
undertakings. While the government
of the United States has been hamper
ing and retarding by a system of in
quisitorial laws and restrictions the
harassed business of this country, the
business interests of Germany have
been encouraged by governmental
friendliness instead of governmental
antagonism. Every form of economic
waste is guarded against as a
fundamental policy of the German
people, and "they aim at removing, so
far as possible, conflicts and losses
which must necessarily result from an
unplanned and disordered working of
one against another." They seek to
unite all interests and intelligently se
cure for them the maximum of eco
In Germany, as in the United States,
there has been a gradual shifting of
the population from agriculture to
manufacturing and commerce—from
the country to the cities.
It is impossible to read this careful
analytical study of the progress of the
German people without being deeply
impressed with the fact that we have
much to learn with respect to a proper
appreciation of the development in
our own country that has come about
through the genius and energy and
vision of the giants of llnance, industry
and commerce who are now being
bound hand and foot by the little men
who happen to have climbed into high
In the code of political morals
adopted by the reorganization element
of the Democracy it is offensive parti
sanship only when the offensive parti
san is identified with another party or
faction. For instance. William 11.
Berry, United States Collector of Cus
toms, now on the stump for the White
House ticket and neglecting his im
portant official duties, is a patriot. Ills
predecessor, a Republican with a fine
record, was removed because he was
not "In sympathy with the administra
tion." Consistency is not In the vo
cabulary of the reorganizes.
THE TREE BUTCHER
THE TELEGRAPH is in receipt
of n comnuinlcation from one
who evidently feels that his
work as a "tree trimmer"
l i.'ht not be appreciated by the pro
posed city shade tree commission. The
letter is unsigned, but in it appears
this striking sentence:
What right has anybody to say
that a property owner shall not
trim a tree down to its trunk if lie
wants to. I would like to know,
since It is his property even though
it does grow in the street.
This is an argument that has been
raised repeatedly during the periodical
discussion of the advisability of a
shade tree commission for Harris
burg. The answer is plain. Nobody
has any right to do anything that
will damage his own property when
by so doing lie mars the beauty of
the city or interferes with the enjoy
ment of others. And that is exactly
what any property owner does who
permits the "tree butcher" to perform
major surgical operations on the trees
that by their location along the curb
belong in a measure to everybody.
"What is a tree butcher, anyhow'.'"
asks the same correspondent. As a
rule he is a day laborer equipped with
a saw and a trimmer. He knows noth
ing about trees or their growth and
does his mangling thoroughly In or
der to put in time and give his patron
the impression that he lias sot the
worth of his money. The more he
saws off a tree the longer he takes and
the more money ho makes. He can
undo in two hours the steady growth
of a dozen years. He can leave more
mangled trees in his course of n day's
| ranging about the city streets than
[nature in her most industrious mood
could restore in a hundred years. His
butchery is apparent in every part of
Uarrisburg and something ought to be
done to stop him.
As well let a carpenter with ham
mer and saw set to work tuning the
piano as to turn an inexperienced
"trimmer" to work on your tree.
"Don't brush your hair," advises a
beauty expert, evidently going on the
assumption that a hair on the head is
worth two on the brush.
i Most young men prefer to sow their
wild oats in a peach orchard.
BKKHY AM) THE I'ATRIOT
WE respectfully call the atten
tion of the esteemed Patriot
to the fact that William H.
Berry-—Collector of the Port
of Philadelphia by favor of the
Palmer-McCormick machine —is not
attending to the duties of his office.
We remind the Patriot that Mr.
Berry was appointed to succeed an
efficient and experienced Republican
"for the good of the service." That
being the case, isn't our virtuous
neighbor missing a chance to do some
thing for the good of the government
try calling Mr. Berry sharply to task?
Best our contemporary may not be
acquainted with the facts we shall
recite them. Mr. Berry as State Treas
urer established a record for "ab
senteeism" never approached by any
other official. As Collector of the
Port of Philadelphia he is up to his
old tricks of "playing hookey" from his
job. Regardless of the fact that the
law provides against Federal office
holders engaging in partisan politics,
Berry is spending most of his time
touring the State, berating his former
warm friends, Ryan and Bonniwell,
and begging the voters to vote for the
nomination of the White House favor
ites, Palmer and McConnick.
Of course the mere fact that Berry
Is neglecting his duty to the govern
ment In order to help McOormlck into
the Governor's chair will not prevent
the virtuous, high-minded Patriot
from publicly censuring him for shirk
ing his work us a. servant of the
people. Oh, of course not!
I EVENING CHAT I
There is'much of interest to every
one in a bulletin just issued by the
State Board of Education on the sub
ject of corn clubs and similar organ
izations among the young folks and it
is doubtful If the average man has
much idea of the great benefits con
ferred upon the lives of the younger
generation in the rural districts. For
years there have been objections froni
the countryside because of the lack of
means of enjoying the social relation
ships that belong to the urban com
munity. Even the advent of the rural
mall service, extension of trolley lines
and establishment of "farmers' " tele
phone lines have failed to overcome
many of the complaints. In the last
few years the school authorities have
taken hold of things in a practical
manner nnd by booming the move
ment to make schoolhouses social cen
ters by the holding of frequent meet
ings and by urging the movement for
concentration of school children have
worked up a feeling among people in
the country that they are really more
in touch than before. And right here
is where the school officials are "get
ting in their work," so to speak,
among the younger generation. They
have encouraged the formation in this
section of the State of corn-growing
clubs among the boys, cooking clubs
among the girls, and by means of con
tests and exhibitions have stimulated
Interest. No less than twenty counties
have corn clubs which are directly un
der the school superintendents and
one county has so many boys inter
ested that it has halt' a dozen clubs,
while in others the girls are chasing
the boys. In Mercer, for instance, it is
stated that a girl of eleven raised over
ninety-seven bushels of corn to an
acre. Dauphin and Cumberland have
some high steppers in the corn-raising
line and it is up to them to show what
they can do.
The meeting of the anti-suffrage
people in the city to-day has attracted
not only the attention of many of the
people who believe in suffrage and
those who do not. but is being watched
with a jealous eye by those who are
members of the organizations pledged
to the advancement of the cause. As
a matter of fact, several of the active
spirits in the State organization, who
have lately been visiting various parts
of the State, are in itarrisburg to-day,
and the meetings are being watched
very closely. The good ladies are en
gaged in a campaign of great earnest
ness and can even give the Democratic
factions a few points on zeal.
More flowers are being displayed in
the offices on Capitol Hill now than
ever and many of them are splendid
branches of blossoms from fruit trees,
which are now in bloom. Capitol Hill
is always more or less noted for the
way in which people adorn their desks
with flowers, but the preponderance
of fruit blossoms to-day attracted at
tention. This is explained by the fact
that many of the people who are daily
employed at the State House live in
the country or suburbs.
Some wags have been having fun
with acquaintances in the residential
sections of the city in these war scare
days. They have heen sending word
to their friends, taking care that they
arc not at home when the message, is
given, that the National Guard officials
would be glad to have them join new
commands about to be formed in this
city. Some of the men have come
around to explain that they could not
enlist and were informed that they
were not wanted. In one or two in
stances men arranged to proffer serv
ices and made all preparations only to
be informed that there was nothing
doing in the federal service except
possibly driving a mail wagon.
Formation of National Guard organ
izations is always active in time of war
scares and the transfer of companies
of the Twelfth Infantry to the cavalry
service yesterday caused people here
to discuss the often-mentioned third
company of infantry for this city. The
Eighth Regiment is short one com
pany and it is thought that one could
be established here or at Steelton
without loss of time. The proposition
to form a battery here has also been
1 WELL KNOWN PEOPLE 1
—Major Wallace Fetzer, named to
command the Third Squadron of cav
alry, is active in educational affairs in
—George R. Mcllvaine, of Pitts
burgh. has been elected secretary of
the National Pipe Association.
—Andrew Carnegie has recovered
from the illness which prevented him
from attending the Americus Club din
ner in Pittsburgh.
—Clyde R. Parkinson, of Monessen,
well known here, has been elected
county road engineer of Westmore
—Thomas Sampson, the Washington
county fruit grower, says all of the
fruit crops are going to be big.
—Ex-Senator O. C. Allen, of War
ren. is ill in Raltimore.
—General Charles Miller, of Frank
lin, lias been spending some time in
IN HARRISBURG FIFTY
YEARS AGO TO-DAY
[From the Telegraph, April 30, 1864.]
Xewbern, April 2 4.—The capture of
Plymouth, Including General Wessels
and his command, is confirmed. Noth
ing is known here of the. movements
of the rebels, but it is reported that
they have gone to Virginia.
Rille Pits On the Rapidan
Washington, April 2.9 —The enemy
are again busily engaged in throwing
up more earthworks and digging rifle
pits covering the various fords along
the line of the Rapidan.
OF THE CIVIL WAR
[From the Telegraph. April 30, 1864.]
Rafts Go Down the Susquehanna
A large number of raftsmen can be
seen passing through here daily on
their return from the lumber market.
Rev. Mr. Hays to Preach
The Rev. J. K. Hays, of Middle
Springs, will preach in the Old School
Presbyterian Church to-morrow morn
ing and evening.
THK ART OF LIVING
[From the Lancaster Examiner.]
Ex-Senator Depew, of Now York, has
just celebrated his 80th birthday anni
versary. If he has not cut a very wide
swath in human affairs or made a very
lasting name, he certainly has taught
all men the art of living. For manv
year he was the great diner-out and
the most famous of our after-dinner
speakers. But he always enjoyed his
chop before going to a banquet and ate
nothing at it and drank in proportion.
[From the Scranton Truth. I
A smart Alee at Cannonsburg, who
called the American flag a "rag." was
given the choice by -some workmen of
saluting the banner, or taking a duck
ing in a creek nearby. He saluted.
People who have no respect • for Old
Glory generally dislike water, too.
THK AL'I'OOMA MKTHOI)
TFroin the Altoona Mirror.J
To-night the first of the ward meet
ings in the Interests of clean-up week
will be held. A number have been
scheduled. Other meetings will be hel.J
each evening until Saturdav. ft j s fit
ting thai the citizens are asked to as
semble at the various public schools.
We know of no better places to dis
cuss. Just such a campaign as is to bo
inaugurated, next week.
HXHrisburg fjfgfefta telegraph!
EMOCMTG WIN j
McCormick Traverses Lancaster
and Ryan Holds Forth
PERSONALITIES ARE FLUNG
Registration and Enrollment Fails
to Bring Cheer to the Democ
The warring factionists of the Dem
ocracy campaigned within a few miles
of each other yesterday. The Ryan
people went through Lebanon county
and the McCormick caravan dragged
its way across upper .Lancaster. Con
gressman A. Mitchell Palmer Joined
the caravan, heartening the little
crowd so much with stories that ba
ttle time l>ancaster was reached at
night the attendance register for the
meetings was once more marking
three for one. The caravan had a fine
opportunity to see the garden county
of the country and the "farmer" racket
was worked hard by the candidates.
Men connected with all factions in
Lancaster quit fighting long enough
last night to attend a meeting. The
Ryan people had a bunch of automo
biles and toured Lebanon county, stir
ring up the strife which has existed in
that county ever since its was "re
organized" by McCormick methods. A
big meeting was held at Lebanon with
George D. Krause presiding and many
The Philadelphia Record says of
the Lebanon situation: "As explained
by Chairman llersh, this county was
originally attached to le reorganizers,
but it has broken away completely
from Palmer. It is known that the
distribution of postmasterships in
Lebanon, Itichland, Annville and
Jonestown has played havoc within
the ranks of the former reorganizers.
Every man who was passed by. to
gether with his friends, are out to nail
Palmer's hide 011 the barnyard door,
together with that of McCormick."
The Republican enrollment and reg
istration in Pittsburgh and many of
the counties which were strongholds
of Roosevelt senti
ment in 1912 have
caused Democrats to Lamentations
bite themselves in In Democracy
wrath. Instead of Ar© General
going over to the
ocracy, men who went out of the Re
publican party two years ago have
gone back and rebuker th<? gangs
which have been going about plead
ing for votes to sustain the President.
The Pittsburgh registration is the
cause of much speculation and the
backers of Diinmick cannot find any
good in it. It is expected that the reg
islration yesterday will show further
gains for the Republicans.
Exactly why no mention has been
made of the presence of Dick Han
cock, ardent seeker after the Wil
liamstown post office,
at various meetings
Hancock Is held by t lie McCor-
Conlhlont mick caravan in Phila
of Success dei|)hia and elsewhere,
is not known. Dick
was at one meeting in
Philadelphia and was so worked up by
something written about it that he
hurriedly wrote a letter to the mourn
ing Patriot. Friends of Dick, who
have met him in Philadelphia, say
that he has been enthusiastic over the
attendance at the McCormick meet
ings. but more over the applause in
which he would naturally bear a lead
ing part. It is said that Dick is pass
ing out the tip that he will be post
master at Williamstown sure. Xo state
ment as to whether Hancock is
ing with the party as chief mechani
cian of the applause has been made at
Democratic State headquarters.
1 POLITICAL SIDELIGHTS
—Penrose speaks at Sharon to-day
and will be in New Castle Saturday.
—Dr. J. S. Neff, director of health
in Philadelphia, has resigned.
—The Pa-Mc leaguers are having
some explaining to do as to why Mc-
Cormick's name i.i first. Maybe it's be
cause of local pride or something
—The Pittsburgh registration con
tinues to make the Democratic bosses
—Lewis is out with declarations
that he believes appropriations to
charities illegal. Even Democrats
don't admit that.
—Pottsville's registration was small,
although it was its first as a city.
—Dimmick had a fine time going
through the towns between Shamokin
and Mauch Chunk.
—The Republican party is certainly
"coming back" in Pittsburgh.
—When one considers the big Re
publican vote in Lancaster county and
the split between the Democratic fac
tions in that county, two days does
seem like a lot of time for Democratic
caravans to waste.
—Cireenawalt lined up with the
caravan yesterday to show his grati
—Lebanon county Democrats talk
about evening up for somo recent
guillotine work by the Democratic
—"Clean up" day is nearly here,
but no one has heard State Chairman
Morris say anything about house
cleaning at the Windmill.
—Wilson Bailey is not traveling with
tho Democratic machine candidates,
but State Chairman Morris is.
COULDN'T DO WITHOUT IT
"I don't know what I would do with
out a motorcycle," says F. Frisch, an
Ironworkers of Chicago. "It Is so
handy for me In my work and It is so
much fund for the folks. My work
takes me to all parts of the city, and
if I had to depend on the street cars
it would frequently be impossible for
me to go home more than once a week.
But the motorcycle enables me to
spend every night at home." And on
holidays and Sundays Frlscli attaches
a sidecar to his two-wheeler and with
his wife and daughter takes long
OIJR DUTCH FARMERS
Our Pennsylvania Dutch are good
farmers, but not so good as their rela
tives in Germany. For every bushel of
wheat a Pennsylvania farmer produces
from one acre, the German grows two
and a tenth bushels.
His farm is small, but the man who
delves beyond the Rhine makes each
acre produce exactly twice as many
potatoes as do our farmers.
The man who bows to a Kaiser In
stead of a President extracts just half
more oats and over a third more barley
and about 60 per cent, more rye from
each acre than does the Improvident
The man who has but a dollar can
live for a long time on It. whereas the
prodigal can waste a $lO bill on one
dinner The German has so little
ground that he makes it work doubly
When the I'nifed Stales lias 200.000,-
000 population our fanji production per
acre will likely have doubled from sheer
necessity.- —"Girard" in Philadelphia
Prince Among Player Pianos
A PERFECT INSTRUMENT
For Your Square Piano We Will Allow $l5O
For Your Upright Piano We Will Allow Its Purchase Price
Ualimited Exchange of Music Free—Guaranteed Ten Years
No Outside Salesmen. ONE PRICE. ONE PROFIT. FACTORY TO USER
WINTER PIANO STORE 2 |g
OUR DAILY LAUGH \
He: The pitcher
had a glass arm.
She: Was It a
cut glass pitcher?
She: "Won't you
take me to the
baseball game this
He: "Well, I
suppose so l'll
have to buy an
afterward to read
iibout the game."
She "ls Miss
Elderly trying to
draw htm out?"
He "No, she
is trying to per
suade him to
She: "I'll never
forget this de
J. It set me back
Wife: The Doc
tor says I need a
rest und change
Hubby: And I
suppose you want
about $. r io.ooo for
the new "scenery"
before you go.
O. Iv. OTHER
"What does your
husband think of
they're awful —on
READY FOR WAR
Ry Wins Dinner
The army's getting ready
With implements of war.
They're going to have a crusa<le
1..1ke none they've had before.
The men are now in training
To be prepared for fight.
You'll see them in their back-yards
At drills most any night.
The word's gone forth to battle,
The date, too. has been set.
And everyone should try now
Their plans in shape to get.
Get busy and be ready,
In cellar, weapons seek.
And help the war against disease
By cleaning up next week.
■BAMCAIITEItt na 1
SIDES & SIDES
APRIL 30. 1914.
IN HONOR OF AN ABSENT STATESMAN
[From the New York Sun!
It must be quite well known that
The Sun has never hesitated (and In
tends never to hesitate) to speak
plainly about Colonel Theodore Roose
velt when In our judgment his ideas
are pernicious or his acts deserve re
buke. This circumstance makes it all
the more a duty and likewise all the
more a pleasure to give him full credit
for a recent service of the first im
portance to the country and to the
cause of peace in the Western Hem
The plan of mediation between the
United States and Mexico by the three
largest republics of South America
may or may not avert war. Whatever
the result the experiment will count
tremendously for good. The very pro
posal marks an epoch in the develop
ment of the Monroe Doctrine.
The one distinct message which
Colonel Roosevelt carried to South
America was variously expressed by
him in his address to the people of
Brazil, of the Argentine and of Chile;
and it made a profound Impression
wherever it was delivered. This Is its
I "As soon as any country of the New
World stands on a sufficiently high
footing of orderly liberty and achieved
justice, of self-respecting strength, tt
becomes a guarantor of the Monroe
"It is to be invoked only in the in
terests of all our commonwealths of
the Western Hemisphere."
"It should be invoked by all our na
tions on a footing of complete equality
of both right and obligation."
"It is a doctrine which the United
States promulgated, but as rapidly as
any other American republic grows to
possess the stability, the prosperity
that comes with stability, the self-re
specting insistence upon doing right
to others and exacting right from
others, just so rapidly that country be
comes itself a sponsor and guarantor
of the Monroe Doctrine."
"If it ever becomes vitally necessary
to enforce it, each would help the
This fine, reasonable and desirable
extension of the Monroe Doctrine,
preached by an ex-President of the
United States during his travels in
South America, applies of course not
only to direct attempts at conquest of
Shoes For the Little Folks
Our new Spring line of shoes for boys and girls is \
the most complete and comprehensive of any store in the
city. Shoes that will stand the brunt of wear and tear
and yet possess plenty of style and comfort are here in
all styles of high and low shoes. All sizes, in black, tan
and white. Our experts give special attention to fitting
children's shoes and our wonderful variety assure a per
fect fit. For boys we suggest the NATURE-SHAPE
shoes—the shoes that permits the feet to grow as nature
intended they should grow.
Prices jange from the soft sole shoes for "Little
Tots" at to Growing Girls' shoes at $5.00.
JERAULD SHOE CO.
310 Market St. Harrisburg
territory in the Western Hemisphere
by Old World Powers, but also to the
regulation of such troubles in or be
tween the American commonwealths
as might afford a reason or a pretext
for European intervention.
Who can doubt that the proposal
from Brazil, Chile and the Argentine
is largely due, if not entirely due, to
Secretary Root's journey during, the
Roosevelt Administration and to Col
onel Roosevelt's recent presentation to
the Southern republics of the corol
lary of joint and equal responsibility?
In Colonel Roosevelt's letter in the
current number of the Outlook we fln.d
a general expression of his attitude
on the subject of peace and war. It is
well worth reprinting:
"I very earnestly believe in peace. I
abhor unjust war. I abhor and de
spise all men who lightly or wantonly
do deeds that jeopard peace. I be
lieve that ways can be found which
gradually, as nations grow more civil
ized, more on an equality of good con
duct and right living, will permit of
the substitution of other methods than
those of war for the settlement of in
ternational disputes. But in this In
ternational body politic, as in every
other body, natural or artificial, it is
as foolish to attempt to draw into
existence a function before there is an
organ through which it can act as to
create an organ before the function
itself can be exercised » » • The
peace of righteousness is a noble ideal,
and as yet it can be obtained in the
world at large only if the righteous are
able to defend their rights. The free
and peace loving nations, in the pres
ent state of the world's progress, can
pursue the blessings of peace and
righteousness only as long as they are
both able and willing, if necessity
should demand it, to use their poten
tial strength against wrongdoers."
Honor, we say, to the patriotic and
energetic North American who has
done so much to spread In South
America these sane and admirable
AX EVENING THOUGHT
If we were never to act on our
opinions, because those opinions
might be wrong, we should leave
all our interests uncared for, and
all our duties unperformed.—J. S.