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HARRISBURG TELEGRAPH! E stab tit In d lls I PUBLISHED BY THE TELEGRAPH PIU.\TI>G CO. K. J. STACKPOLE, Pres't and TreuTr. F. R. OYSTER, Secretary. OUB M. 6TKINMETZ, Managing Editor. Published every evening: (except Sun day) at the Telegraph Building. 2L6 Federal Square. Both phones. " — 1 Member American Newspaper Publish ers' Association. Audit Bureau of Circulation and Pennsylvania Associ ated Dallies. Eastern Office. Fifth Avenue Building, New York City, Haabrook, Btory & Brooks. Western Office, Advertising Building, Chicago, 111., Allen & Ward. srtfVjßFi,. Delivered by carriers at . <yytc six cents a week. Mailed to subscribers ' at $3.00 a year in advance. Entered at the Post Office In Harrla burg. Pa., as second class matter. Sw«rn dally average for the month of OCTOBER, 1914 M 24,426 Average for the year 1918—21,577 Average for the year 1012—21,175 ! Average for the year 1911—18,851 Average for the year 1810—17,495 WEDNESDAY EVENING, NOV. 18 i FRESH AIR AND EFFICIENCY FRESH air and ventilation reforms are emphasized in the general 1 movement for the improvement ' of working conditions and the 1 raising of the standard of efficiency. ] These and other matters of equal im portance are being considered by the conference now In session on Capitol : Hill under the auspices of the Depart- ' ment of Labor and Industry. Referring the other day to safety 1 first conditions, a metropolitan news- , paper recalled that when the Pension j Bureau in Washington was housed in I small buildings, poorly ventilated and ' indifferently cared for, the aggregate 1 loss of time by clerks absent on sick « leave averaged 18,736 days annually. The removal of the bureau to modern structures reduced these figures to 10,114 days, a drop of 45 per cent. That the death rate in children's hospitals has been lowered 30 per j cent, by improved ventilation is the i assertion of Professor 8. H. Wood- ] bridge, of the Massachusetts Institute j of Technology. The introduction of effective ventilating systems in gen eral hospitals has reduced the death rate in such institutions 30 per cent. Army hospitals report a 17 per cent, reduction and prisons 72 per cent. Factories that produce articles by processes causing dust ravage the health of workers. It has been esti mated that 38 per cent, of button makers that die at their trade suc cumb to tuberculosis. Other figures arc tobacco workers, 38 per cent.; candy makers, 22; tan ners, 18; harnessmakers, 17; glove makers, 18; shoemakers, 19; millers, 15; bakers, 20; grain handlers, 28. In each of these occupations the per centage indicates deaths due to dust and improper airing. Manufacturers arc realizing the value of sanitary working conditions, and in many in stances factory working has lost most of its unhealthful features. But these statistics indicate there still persists a criminal iguorance or negligence on the part of many employers In regard to proper hygienic conditions. Fresh air, says a contemporary, is cheap and ventilation systems are not too expensive for any employer to in stall. And a robust, fuli-lunged clerk or factory hand is a more efficient employe than one that is half alive for want of proper air. All of Harrisburg should see the interesting exhibit in the Chestnut Street Auditorium of safety and sani tary appliances and efficiency systems. Special attention has been called to this exhibit by the Harrisburg Cham ber of Commerce as "out of the ordi nary and of real value." State Health Commissioner Dixon Is preparing an interesting Exhibit of the health conservation work of Pennsyl vania. This exhibit will be one of the big features of the State at the Panama-Paoitie Exposition next year. HOME BILK FOK CITIFS HOME rule for cities of Pennsyl vania is expected to play an im portant part at the forthcoming session of the Legislature. Al ready a movement has been started to bring about some changes Intended to provide a wider latitude of action for municipalities. There has been a tendency for several years to embar rass the cities of the third class with a lot of new laws which deprive these cities of the freedom they should have in managing their own affairs. Through a spirit of paternalism the State has taken over a lot of author ity which should be vested in the cities themselves, especially in the handling of their own local problems. However, it is doubtful whether any ripping up of present conditions is desirable. It might be better to en dure whatever is evil in the cxtstlng system of municipal administration for a time rather than fly to untried ex periments which may involve Harris burg and other cities In further trou ble. Manifestly there is need *of amendment here and there to the act imposing upon these cities the com mission form of government, but only such changes should be made as are absolutely necessary to clear doubtful or disturbing features of the law. At least two more years of the new form of municipal government should elapse before there is any general re vision of the system. We agree with the National Bureau of Municipal Research, which seems to be devoted to "original and prac tical solution of civic matters," that In purely local matters a city should have undisputed right of control. It should never have been otherwise. But until we shall have more thoroughly tried out the commission scheme of government, which the Telegraph and WEDNESDAY EVENING, many of the people of Harrlsburg op posed, It would be unwise to begin an other revolutionary performance that would only further upset our munici pal administration. Discussing the proposed home rule movement, W. C. Howland, president of the National Bureau of Municipal Research, says the people residing in the city are the only ones who have an intimate knowledge of local condi tions; that they know better than any Legislature can possibly know what changes and improvements are needed in the city and how these changes may best be brought about. He also calls attention to the fact that many city communities have their peculiar prob lems; that the customs, habits and ideals of the people of one city may be unlike those of any other city; that legislation that is pleasing to one may ibe offensive to another. He thinks i that with knowledge of conditions 1 should go power to change them, and | few persons will differ with him on jthis proposition. I Harrisburg has not forgotten that jit was getting along quite comfortably under the old system of government | until certain smaller cities of the State determined that they wanted a change; and because this city was bunched with all the others of the third class it was compelled to swal low the new scheme of administration without regard to its own wishes in the matter. We believe that Mr. Howland is on the right track and that cities have a right to govern themselves so long as they do not violate any feature of the organic law designed to protect the people at large, but it would probably be just as well to suffer our present ills until the people shall have been fully aroused to the need of greater freedom in handling their own affairs. Those who are interested in the rap idly-changing conditions in the south ern part of the city have been greatly impressed with the photographic work of the Telegruph's camera man from time to time. These pictures are not only interesting to those of us who live in Harrisburg, but are studied closely by former citizens and others who are watching the development of the city in every way. THE SPEAKERSHIP WHATEVER the final determi nation of the Legislature re garding the Speakership, the activity of a number of ex perienced legislators indicates a wholesome rivalry that will do no harm. Each community Is pushing forward some favorite son and it will be up to the Republican caucus to choose out of the considerable list of aspirants already in the field a proper person for presiding officer. It is almost certain to be a business session of the House, and it is Im portant that the one who will wield the gavel shall be experienced in par liamentary practice and have a level head. The competition is already quite keen among the several sections of the State and it is more than prob able that still other ambitious law makers will get into the open before flie end of December. His friends of the newspaper field are backing Mr. Habgood, of McKean, with vigor. It is contended in his be half that the northern tier has not had a Speaker since the time of Caleb Thompson, of Warren, whose election was brought about through u combi nation of the interior counties against the cities. Aside from the Speakership there is likely to be little difficulty in organ izing the House, inasmuch as most of those who have experience in legisla tion believe that the alleged reform In the manner of selecting committees adopted two years ago when a com mittee on committees was appointed accomplished nothing save dissatisfac tion. It is probable, therefore, that the approaching session will have mighty little regard for the fads that have been forced into prominence through the period of political hysteria that is now rapidly passing away. Political leaders, the lawmakers themselves and the people want a rest. They've had enough of legislative ex periment and clap-trap. Other newspapers of the State have joined the Telegraph in its observa tions as to the nonpartisan ballot failure. Instead of making voting a comparatively easy matter there lias been a constant Increase of the difficul ties in casting an intelligent ballot. Nonpartlsanship may be all right in considering candidates, but the non partisan primary and the nonpartisan ballot and other nonpartisan machinery have been demonstrated to bo utter failures. This is one subject that the Legislature might consider with prolit to the people. THANKSGIVING SHIP HARRISBURG has done admir ably In its prompt response to the Telegraph's appeal for funds for the starving people of Belgium. One ship has already left Philadelphia with its cargo of food and another being loaded from the proceeds of the big-hearted Ameri cans who have contributed to the re lief of the starving peoples beyond the seas. There Is still much to be done, and instead of the usual Christmas-stock ing campaign for the poor of Harris burg, the young people of this city are urged to contribute to those whose need is greater in Belgium. What is given must be given quickly to avert still greater disaster among starving women and children. The Thanksgiving ship sails next week. Tree planting is going forward in the river parks under the direction of City Commissioner Taylor's corps, and when this work shall have been completed many open spaces will be provided with trees, and a line of higli-top trees from one end of the city to the other will give a finish to these parks which they have not had heretofore. Soeretary of State Bryan lias left for Ills villa at Miami, where Washington dispatches say ho will take a short rest. The Secretary has been In Washington about a week since Ills extended ab sence In the recent political campaign. 1 i EVENING CHAT 1 Tlie foot and mouth disease, which has caused a general tie-up of all cattle shipments in Pennsylvania with out state permits, has caused no end of speculation among people here as elsewhere in the state because of its unusual name and the extraordinary precautions taken by the public health authorities to prevent it spreading. The disease, to begin with, has been known to attack human people, but such instances are rare. This state ment is made on the strength of some remarks by no less an authority than Dr. Samuel G. Dixon. However, peo pie can "catch" it, and it may be transmitted through milk, so that if there is any fear milk may be pas teurized. Dr. C. J. Marshall, the State Veterinarian, who has studied the dis ease in this state and abroad where it is not uncommon, says that it causes much loss among cattle. The disease is marked primarily by fever and then there are outbreaks of ulcers on the surfaces of the mouth and tongue and even the nose, while about the feet similar sores occur. When these break there are very painful places. The appearance of the sores in these places gives it the singular name, which is the herdsman's name for aphthous fever, the medical term. When a steer or a pig or any other animal has the disease it is unable to eat or to drink and emaciation sets in and the animal's vitality is lessened. Ducks, turkeys and chickens have been known to get the disease and il has the reputation of causing extensive loss among cloven footed animals. In fact, in some years gone by the loss in this country ran into the millions and in 1909 it cost Pennsylvania over SIOO,OOO. Superintendent Rambo found out last night that there were some resi dents of the Capitol whose existence he did not suspect. During the pic ture exhibition the hall of the House was darkened and everyone was sur prised to see a swallow fly across the light from the stereopticon. The bird flew around for a time and was joined by another. In summer time it is not uncommon for birds to appear aboii'< the legislative halls, the open windows explaining how they get in. But people are wondering where the birds canie from last night and how long they have been in the building. "How many football teams do you suppose there are in this city?" asked a man connected with the schools last night. No one (seemed to know, and then he said that every one of the schools had a team and some of them had teams representing rooms. There are more kids playing football now, he observed, than ever known. School spirit runs high and every Saturday there are games which would make Franklin Field contests seem tame. Among the visitors to the welfare conference yesterday was Dr.-Daniel Z. DuNott, chief surgeon of tli" West ern Maryland Railroad. The doctor is a son of a famous Harrisburg sur geon, Dr. T. S. DuNott, and is one of the most prominent among the rail road surgeons interested in welfare work. There was a good bit of smiling among people who visited Capitol Hill yesterday because of the manner in which the signs annbuncing the con ference were distributed. Right across the Spanish war cannon in front of the library and museum building was a big sign printed in green with these words: SAFETY FIRST. "The cold snap has caused a lot of people to take to drinking hot choco late and other warm things," said a man who handles soda drinks for a living. "We have a lot of people who drop in for some favorite drink or for mineral water every day and some of them several times a day. Now they have all taken to the hot drinks and we have been selling a lot of them to day. They will hang on for quite a time, too. The number of people who take hot chocolate when they used to take hot scotches would surprise you." In the notes on the Locliiel region, which is about to go under the ham mer, it should not be left unrecorded that splendid work was done among the people of that region by the Lochiel Mission. This mission, which was maintained by people connected with Market Square Church, for years exerted a great influence and in dull times brought Christmas cheer to the lives of the youngsters whose holidays might have been very different owing to the lack of work for their parents. The meetings at the Capitol the list few days have brought a number of Philadelphia newspapermen to the city. Among them are Frank J. Price of the Public Ledger; Samuel Barker, of the North American: Frank L. Knight, of the Evening Bulletin, and R. H. Doane, of the Inquirer. Dr. Thomas Darlington, who pre sided at one of the sectional meetings of the welfare conference. Is a brother of the bishop. He was formerly health commissioner of New York anil is now chairman of important committees ol »he American Iron and Steel Institute. 1 WELL KNOWN PEOPLE ) —Colonel C. T. O'Neill, of Allen town, has been re-elected colonel of the Fourth Regiment. —Edward A. < !rane has resigned as superintendent of Independence Hall and will become Philadelphia city architect. -—Joseph Taylor, of near Sharon, went hunting. He is 96. —Homer E. Leslie, Pittsburgh civil service commissioner, says that the commission has made enemies because it is fearless. He is a former legisla tor and well known here. —John R. Drexel, the banker, will return to this country from England, where he has resided for a long time. —The Rev. George E. Rees, former Philadelphia pastor, will return to Philadelphia from Scotland to take up a charge. 1 DO YOU KNOW—"i That Harrisburg was one of the first cities to take up the first aid movement anions industries? ' Choosing a Piano Pianos individually differ in touch and tone, but pianos as a class are highly standardized as to quality for price. No person of judgment buys a nondescript instrument. Rather selection is made from a name that stands for high ideals of manufacture. If the thought of a piano is in your mind let us give this caution. Choose carefully and If yop are not familiar with the points of leading instruments and the best dealers, let the advertising columns of this newspaper help you. The advertising is the first guide to the pathway of piano satisfaction. HARRIS3URG TELEGRAPH COLD WATER VDIE SHOWING BIG MS State Chairman Prugh Believes That It Will Be a Surprise to Some Political Students POWELL HAS ASPIRATIONS Rumored That Pittsburgh Friends Will Boost Him For the United States Senatorship Dr. B. E. P. Prugh, the chairman of the Prohibition State committee, believes that the official returns of the whole State are going to show a big gain in the vote of the cold water party in Pennsylvania as a result of the election this year. The official re turns lack those of Allegheny county, but they are expected soon and then the official totals will be made up and the vote for each candidate and each party will be officially certified and printed. Dr. Prugh is of the opinion that there will be a gain of about 19,000 votes shown between the total cast this month and that of four years ago. In 1910 Larkin received less than 18,000 votes and the Prohibition vote declined from 36,000 In 1908 to 19,500 in 1912. The vote the Prohibition chairman counts on to show the gain is on Con gress as he frankly says that owing to circumstances attending the guber natorial and senatorial elections they do not show good Prohibition votes like the nominees for Congress-at large. Governor-elect Brumbaugh is fish ing in Florida and managing to keep his own counsel about appointments. He has not intimated anything und has the political lights guessing. Congressman Vare and Senator Vare will return from Indiana to morrow and meet their lieutenants in Philadelphia. Congressman S. G. Porter certified that he did not spend anything to be re-elected. The names of ex-Auditor General A. E. Sisson, of Erie, and Thomas H. Harter, o£ Bellefonte, are being men tioned for the Water Supply commis slonership which will become vacant when Congressman-elect B. Iv. Focht resigns. In Pittsburgh it is said that friends of Auditor General A. W. Powell art planning to start a boom for him for the United States senatorship after the Legislature adjourns. The successor to Senator Oliver will be elected in I We Win a New Victory | 1 in Overcoatdom! | I NEVER in all our service to this community have we known a | garment to achieve so instant and decisive a success as has the Klavicle— the new overcoat production from America's greatest overcoat makers— House of Kuppenheimer Men who are accustomed to the better # things in clothes and who know real excel- I lence when they see it, are honoring the 1 Klavicle with their indorsement and their |j 1 ( I "Incontestably, the high water mark of 1 l/M |j| overcoats tailoring" is their verdict. f I§fSjy With its dashing, militaristic style, its ®ft capacious lines, its painstaking workman- I " p- ship ,thc Klavicle is admirably cut out for the task of minis- j| ll||| ijwf/ tering to your comfort, your ease and your appearance 'i'lnr 1 j Jjj/ through the wintry days that loom ahead. i -V \ The man who would make his overcoat selection without I '! lit- TI Mil M Iwr seeing the Klavicle is the same man who would tour America I ' nfinll 111 111 without seeing the Yellowstone, the Niagara or Pike's Peak. I I ifH liliill l\| The Klavicle, in foreign and domestic overcoatings—Chin : r o]jjj 111 l chillas, Elysians, Vicunas, Boucles and Fancy Cheviots at P! : |l S2O, $25, S3O | Httr BALMACAANS I I Jf sls, S2O, $25 I j . 304 1916. There wilt be several men In the Held us candidates, but Powell's friends want to put him In early. Wil liam Flinn will not try to run. Mayor Caufliel, of Johnstown, is starting a movement for some changes in the third class city laws. John V. Kosek, Mayor of Wilkes- Barre, will be a candidate for re-elec tion. The boom for J. Lee Plummer, of Blair, for State Treasurer, is being pushed by his friends in a number of parts of the State. His work In Blair is being pointed to. ( OUfi ZM/tr L4UCH ) i. i/? The Lovelorn ° ne: S&y, Edgar, U*~' are you too tired T-I-I —to dig me & j. grave? I feel l l *te J ea ' endia* Y ever,t^in * ! '•IT CAN'T BE DONE" H.v WIHK Dinner "Huh, Winga da Ding, you make me vera seeck: You wrlte-a da verse one fine day lasta week 'Bout da great beega turkey, and pie made uv pijnk. Da tine pluni-a pudding, but dat's alia bunc. Me one-a poor Dago, me no gotta cent, So please, Meester Ding, be one nice, flne-a gent And tell-a me how all dees good tilings I know On Thanksgeeva Day, when I gotta no dough." Dear friend, that's a problem that's bothered me, too. To figure it out I've spent hours not a few. But with prices existing- that soar to the sky I'm afraid that we'll have to depend on the pie. Without any turkey or pudding so tine— (l think it will be sparrow potpie for mine). For although I'm not broke to your saddening extent. I'll tell you quite frankly I'm darned badly bent. NEWS DISPATCHES OF THE CIVIL WAR [From the Telegraph, Nov. 18, 1864.] Plan Prison Break Chicago, Nov. 18.—The rebel con spirators that were captured here con fess that they intended to attack Camp Douglas and releaso the rebels coniined there. Sherman Going Fast Cincinnati, Nov. 17.—Little resist ance is given by the rebels against Sherman's march to the coast. General Caiiby Deiul '.' St. Louis, Nov. 17. Rumor that General Canby had died, is reported false. NOVEMBER 18, 1914. An Individual as the Executor of your Will is subject to sudden ill ness, he may through inexperience make serious mis takes, he may prove dishonest and he may die per haps before your estate is settled. This company, however, is empowered by law to act in any capacity of trust, such as Executor, Trus tee, Guardian, and it is free from the above uncertain ties which limit the efficiency of the service of any human being. [ LETTCRSTOTHE EDITOR I Ol'K PAVED STREETS Elizabethtown, Pa., Nov. 18, 1914. To the Editor of the Telegraph: Will you permit me to voice the appeal contained in your short edi torial of November 10, headed "Come to Harrisburg." As a veteran bandsman I covered the entire route of the firemen's pa rade of October 8 in addition to the almost two miles of marching between our line of the march and the engine house at which we were quartered. The people of Harrisburg certainly have no cause for complaint for the time anil money spent in placing the streets in such excellent shape, and they should indeed feel proud of the results. My last march in Harrisburg pre vious to the one of October 8 was al most thirty years ago, and 1 think a few of your older inhabitants can give you a slight- history showing tho con dition of the streets as they were at that period. , I hope it will be my pleasure at somo future time to again take up the lino of march and tread its well-paved streets in answer to your call "Come to Harrisburg." Yours very truly J. W. COOKE. IN HARRISBURG FIFTY YEARS AGO TO-DAY [From the Telegraph, Nov. 18, 1864.] George Wcnrlek Dies George Wenrick ,Sr., one of tho oldest citizens of the city, was buried this afternoon. Death was tho result of injuries which he received several weeks ago. Court Monday November term of Dauphin county court begins next Monday. : New Band A new band has been organized in the city.