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Geimans Blockading Ports of Great Britain to Stop Importation of Foodfc/uffs
HARRISBURG ifSllii TELEGRAPH LXXXIV— No. 28 SCHOOL DIRECTORS OPPOSE PROPOSED COUNTY UNIT PLAN Take Stand Against Recommenda tion Made by State Educa tional Association BOARD WANTS MORE LEEWAY Would Pay Cost of Food and Clothing For Open Air Schools A decided stand against the "county ,*itiit system" of school government, whereby schools will no longer l>e gov erned by local school boards, but from (the county seats, was taken this •morning by the directors department of the Pennsylvania Educational As sociation, in session in the Central high school assembly room. Seventeen recommendations of the legislative committee of the body wore passed by the directors. Nine of these recommendations are new and eight were recommendations made at last year's meeting. The, nine new rec ommendations are as follows: Opposing legislation lending to remove the schools further from the direct control of the people, and disapproving plan of local school government known as tlio county unit system, whereby schools will no longer foe con- • trolled by local school boards, but from the county seat, as recom mended recently by the State Kducational Asportation. Permission for school lioards to employ agricultural, manual training and domestic science teachers according to their judg ment. That township schools receive the same amount of appropri ations from the State as high schools in Imroughs in the same class. Changes in the school code re garding details of indebtedness of school districts. Compulsory registry of children admitted to private or public home Institutions. Repeal of laws requiring school \ boards to pay State tax on all debts, funded or bonded. That school Ixtards be permitted to pay costs of food, clothing and transportation of children attend ing open-air schools, trglng tho preservation of form of school code by having all new acts submitted as sections and when the meaning is changed in any way by artion of courts, that the language be made to conform. The old recommendations are as follows: That names of all candidates for »'hool director shall appear only on a nonpartisan ballot; recognition of properly organized training schools for teachers be granted; increased ap propriation for maintenance of public schools: the inclusion of firo escape regulations in the school code; amend ment of the code providing a stenog-1 rapher for county superintendents! three days a week, in counties having! less than 400 teachers and a regular stenographer in counties having morel teachers; opposing any law whereby any consecutive employment of teacher in district school shall con stitute permanent employment or life [Continued on Page 11] House Fails to Repass Immigration Measure Over President's Veto Washington, D. C., Feb. G.—An at tempt to pass the immigration bill prescribing a literacy test for the ad mission of aliens over President Wil son's veto failed in the House yester day. the affirmative vote lacking just live of the necessary two-thirds. Of .199 members present 261 voted to override the veto, 18C voted to sustain! th<* President and two answered "present." The final test came at the close of a day of earnest debate, in which party lines were temporarily obliterated. Majority Leader Underwood made a vigorous speech, criticising the Presi dent's reasons for vetoing the bill and urging the House to override executive disapproval. Underwood told the House that the country had in several elections returned majorities in Con gress favoring the restriction of im migration. and that the President's contention that no political platform had placed the issue before the peo ple was futile. "The Question is," said he, "whether you stand for the American standard of living and the American standard of wages." THE WEATHER] For HarrlMliur* and vlclnll.v: R„l n nn«l warmer to-nlsrht nnil Satur day; lowest 'temperature to-nlelit about 25 degrceM. ••"or lOantern I'ennavlvnnla: Rnln to-niKht and Saturday; warmer, fresh windi). fe River Tile main river will continue to fall to-night and probllhly Saturday. V Ntaßp of about <!.."> feet In Indi cated for Hnrrlaihurg; Saturday ' ntorniiiK. The Juniata, Wewt I It ram-li and pn««lhly the npner portion of the North Branch are likely to begin to rl« to-night or Saturday under the Influence of hiicher temperature* and rain Indicated for the Suaqnehanna \ alley nlthln the nevt thirty, alx hours. , General Conditions I're-wnre la hl K h in Atlantic e«a>t \ district* and west of the Rocky 1 mountains, except In the Far ' \ortli»cnt, wlicrc another dls- I inrbailee la diovldr from the Pa- \ dlle. Temperature! 8 a. m., 3«, Sons Rlaea, TilO a. m.; aeta, t>:2B n, m. llooni Bines, 12:01 a. m. River StnKe: 7.8 feet above low water mark. Yesterday'* Weather nitlirit temperature, :tO. I.oweat temperature, IT. IHean temperature. 2-1. Hormul temperature, 2K ■ DAMAGE WROUGHT BY ZEPPEL ' © r»ISEJK*Mft ~a?U»S>/\X. >JCwsi » "" '5%?» . —' Damage done to buildings on St. Peters Plain. Yarmouth. England, on the night of January It when a taces r in the vfJin it" ppel ns drop;>ed bombs ° n Yarmouth, King's Lynn, Sandringham and a number of other HOTEL INSPECTION TO FEATURE TRADE TRIP I Commerce Chamber to Investigate j Way Other Cities Support First Class Hotels A rousing meeting to plan ways and means of conducting the largest and best trade excursion ever sent out in Pennsylvania was licld at the Harris burg Chamber of Commerce, last even ing. by its trade excursion committee and subcommittees of same. ChairmarvC. \V. Burtnett and Pres ident Henderson Gilbert Jointly pre sided and those present, who packed the large assembly room, spent two hours In a careful and painstaking discussion of the detailed plans for the excursion. The excursion will take place on February 17 ahd 18, Wednesday and Thursday, respectively. The following towns will lie visited: Herndon, Mil lersburg, Wilkes-Barre, Sunbury, Dan ville, Catawlssa, Bloomsburg, Berwick, Hazleton, Pottsville, Auburn and Reading. To Inspect Hotels i In Wilkes-Barre and Heading the j hotels Sterling and Berkshire will be insisted by the trade excursionists, giving them an ocular demonstration ! that Pennsylvania cities of medium 1 size need and can support high class [Continued on Page 11] Ports of Great Britain Blockaded, According to Dispatches From Berlin Berlin via London, Feb. 5, 10.35 a. m.—The entire German press greets with satisfaction the admiralty's dec laration that the waters surrounding England, Scotland and Ireland have been included in the war zone. The headlines of several papers speak of the announcement as a blockade. The Post declares It is a blockade and must be so considered. "Neutral shipping." says the Post, j "Is given time to take refuge in safe I harbors. Only after a measured pe i rlod do all merchantmen going to and : from the British Isles run into danger. Then to be sure, men and freight not only on British ships but under a neu tral flag are doomed to sink." Canadian Soldiers Dying at an Alarming Rate London. Jan. 27 (correspondence of the Associated Press). —The Canadian contingent training at Salisbury Plain have suffered most severely as a result of exposure and change of climate, and the men, according to reports, arc dying at an alarming rate. "Of 30,000 men," says the World, a London weekly publication, "It is said that the Canadian forces have lost 500, who have died in cdtise (luence of tlielr exposure to the weather. "A whole battalion is suffering with meningitis. Seventy per cent, of the horses have mud fever and the ar tillery column when ordered to go to Lavington for maneuver exercises had to send word that they had no horses for the ammunition wagons." $00,000,0(10 CREDIT OPENED fly Associated Press Paris. Feb. 5, 5 a. m.—President Poincare has signed a decree opening a credit of 300 million francs ($60,- 000,000) to meet the most urgent needo of persons whose property has been destroyed as a result of the war. 12.000 TURKS IX BATTLE Cairo, via London, Feb. 5, 10.3 c" A. M.—Reports that 12,000 Turkish troops were engaged in yesterday's fighting are confirmed in an official statement issued here to-day. The troop ship Hardinge was struck by two Turkish shells which wounded men, making the total British casualties for the day fifteen killed and fifty three wounded. GERMANS ASSIST HUNGARIANS Venice, via London, Feb. 5, 9.19 A. Jr. —Dispatches from Vienna state that 30,000 German troops have ar rived in Hungary on the way to Koros mezo. in the Carpathians, to assist Hungarian forces said to be threat ened with envelopment by the Rus sians. f ■ . HARRISBURG, PA., FRIDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 5, 1915 SEES SHE'LL HAVE TROUSERS TO GET HER RIGHTS Declares, in Letter to Poor Board, She Doesn't Like to Join the Suffragettes, But Is Being Driven to It | Complaint of the government's shortsightedness in failing to tix a wage scale for women, a covert threat to join the suffragette movement, odi ous comparison between Americans and the lot of women in Germany, and a decided and enthusiastic boost for Mrs. Pankhurst, of London, New York and newspaper fame, were all em bodied in an appealing letter for aid that was received this morning by Di rectors of the Poor. The writer pathetically points out that she needs coal and other supplies. "Why is it that I have asked for coals for a week or two from Director Mr. Boyer," says the letter, "and didn't get them, as we are sitting in a cold house at this bitter cold time?" i "I don't'lilie to' -join' the woman's suffragettes but," she continues, "T 'see I have to put on the man's trousers, BUSY SECTION WILL GET BEnER SEWERS Commissioner Lynch Opens Bids For New Drainage System in Commercial District Bids for the construction of new sewers in Market Square, Market and South Second streets that will mean a radical improvement in the unsatis factory drainage conditions in the city's business district were opened at noon to-day by Commissioner W. H. Lynch, superintendent of streets and public improvements. Proposals were opened at the same time for sewers in Wiconisco, Fifth, Heel, Lexington, Cumberland, from Fourteenth to 110 feet west of Fif teenth, und in Third and Geiger streets. Seven bids were received in all and for the first time in several years two contractors from out of town sub mitted figures. Incidentally, the lowest bids on the two biggest jobs— the business district and Wiconisco street improvements—were offered by one of them, David D. Elder, of Eliza [Continued on Page 11] Says England Treats U. S. as Besieged Fortress By Associated Press London, Feb. 6, 4.07 A. M.—"Eng land treats the United States as a besieged fortress," declared Dr. Theo bald von Betlimann-Hollweg, the im perial chancellor of Germany, in dis cussing with a Danish correspondent Great Britain's attempts to prevent imports of food into Germany, says a Copenhagen dispatch to the Exchange Telegraph Company. "Winston Churchill," continued the chancellor, "wants to starve a people numbering 70.000.00u in this bar barian fashion. Against this effort Germany will use every opportunity to take revenge. With regard to the complaint that we arc injuring neutral interests, neutral power 3 have not protested against England's action, and they must take the consequences. We certainly are not going to die of famine." — STEAMER AGAIN FI,DATED By Associated Press St. John, N, F., Feb. fi.—All the freight and most of the bunker crop of the coastal steamer Prospero were thrown overboard before she could be floated from a submerged ledge upon which she had been forced by a great Ice floe oft the New Foundland coast. Ice is coming down from Greenland waters in great quantities. TWENTY KILLED BY EXPLOSION By Associated Press Madrid, via Parts, Feb. 5, 6.15 A. M, . —Twenty persons were killed and many Injured by the explosion yester day of a boiler in a furniture factory at La Gurdia. for hero in America women haven't any more rights than in Germany." The pathetic, poorly little note clos es with the statement that she has been ill and that she tries to keep her sons in school. At the office ot' the Poor Board, Clerk John P. Geyer said that investi gation was made and that it has been learned that the writer is a resident of Altoona, Blair county and legally not entitled to relief from Dauphin. She has.lived hej-e since June «0 and negotiations are now on to have her and her family returned to Blair coun ty. AcoordijOK, to Information rurnlsh ed the poor boal'd. Clerk Geyer said the worriart had been accused of sur reptitiously Ha king Her two children from an Institution in Philadelphia where they had been placed by a Blair county organization. LOCK ill 111 ROOM; THEN FIRE HIS HOME Escapes by Leaping From Porch Roof to Ground; House Soaked With Oil After securely fastening the door leading out of the bedroom of Peter Ostoic, at his home 745 South Front : street, Steelton, last night, lirebugs saturated the entire lower floor of the house with oil and. gasoline and applied a. match. That Ostoioh was not cremated and his home burned to the ground was due largely to his loneliness for his wife Who is visiting relatives in an other town. Last evening, lie de ■ Clares he was unable to sleep because lie was thinking of his wife. About ten minutes of midnight, Ostoiclv to-day told Fire Chief .Tolm K. Shupp, Jr., of tSeelton, lie detected , an odor of burning oil. Going ,to his bedroom door lie found the door locked. Retracing his steps, Cistoich reach ed his bedrooin wlpdow, climbed out [Continued on Page 11] Horn Taken to Jail to Serve 30-day Sentence By Associated Press Vanceboro, Me., Feb. s.—Werner Horn, who says he is German ofll cer, and in that capacity tried to blow up the international railway bridge here, was removed to Macliias to-day to serve a sentence of 30 days for the damage the explosion caused on this side of the Canadian border. The departure of Horn, who has gained notoriety by what he. calls his act of war against Great Britain, at tracted little attention. A small crowd gathered at the station. The prisoner, who was not shackled, smiled and waved a as the train drew out. The case is now ended so far as the State is concerned. The next move, it is expected, will be by the Federal authorities, who are concern ed with the application for the ex tradition of the dynamiter to Canada whore ho is wanted technically to an swer, for the little damage he did to the bridge on that side of tlie bound ary line. HONORS FOR AMBASSADOR By Associated Press Madrid, Feb. 4, via Paris, Feb. 5. George E. Wlllard, the American am bassador to Spain, accompanied by his family, and Sheldon' L. Crosby, second secretary of the embassy, havo gone to Algeciras and will visit Spain's North African possessions. The Span ish government has ordered that mili tary honors be accorded the ambassa dor. APPOINT FORKIGN MINISTER By Associated Press Lisbon, via Paris. Feb. 6, 5.16 A. M. —Jose Rodriguez Montelro, a colonei iof artillery, has been appointed for cign minister of Portugal. i FIEND KILLS THREE WITH DIG HAMMER; DEAD SEVERAL DAYS Boys Seeing Door Open, Enter House and Make Gruesome Discovery BOARDER HUNTED BY POLICE Indications Are That Victims Were Murdered as They Slept By Associated Press Buffalo, N. Y., Feb. s.—The bodies of Mrs. Lizzie Drake, 65, Mrs. Irene Spencer, 35, anil lier daughter, Ger trude Spencer, 12, were found in their beds at their home at Salamanca to day. Their heads had been crushed in with a sledge hammer. The hammer, smeared with blood and hair, was found on the floor in I one of the rooms. Boys passing: the Drake homestead found the rear door open and made the discovery. The bodies were in separate rooms and there was no evi dence of a struggle. Apparently the victims had been slain as they slept. Physicians who examined the bodies said that the murder had been com- ] ml tied three or four days ago. The J police have sent out an alarm for a j former boarder at the Drake house. Mrs. Drak« THS Mrs. Spencer's mother. niDLoenr ' RESULT in PROTESTS j Washington Says Declaration Is t Most Serious Develop ment of War By Associated Press Washington, Feb. s.—Germany's ' declaration of a naval war zone around i J Great Britain and Ireland including ■ the English Channel and the northern passage by the Shetland Islands, is re • garded here as one of the most serious ; developments of the war. It was regarded as highly possible, ' for one thing, that it would hasten ■ the movement begun by the Uatln ' American countries for a speedy con ■ ference of neutral States to devisi ' means to reduce losses to neutral !• commerce to a minimum. At first there were some intima tions in administration circles that it might be the subject of a protest by the United States, but the official view developed that there was little or no ground for that and it was recalled | that no protest was made when the North Sea was strewn with mines. . I Sweden, Norway, Denmark and Holland have repeatedly addressed the 1 I State Department here to secure ,j American backing for measures to re i lieve distress in their own commerce [Continued on Page 11] American Stelmer Is Aground and Is Said to Be in Critical Position By Associated Press On Board U. S. S. San Diego. En t seneda, Mex., Feb. 4, by wireless to , San Diego, Cal., Feb. s,—The Amer f lean steam schooner Colon has I grounded on the bar at the entrance to the harbor of Topolobampo. The I United States cruiser Maryland re . sponded to her wireless calls for help , and is now standing by. The gunboat . Annapolis, which was at Guayinas also . has gone to the Colon's aid. A heavy norther has whipped up a ' I big sea and latest reports from the Colon said that the vessel's plight was | critical. j The Colon, a steam schooner of 1,- , 530 tons, left San Francisco January . 1C with a. cargo of general merchan dise for Salina Cruz. She is owned by the American-Mexican Trading Company. Her commander ia Captain Paulsen and she carries a crew of about twenty men. There were no passengers aboard when she left San Francisco. WILL NOT STOP U. S. SHIPPING By Associated Press New York, Feb. s.—That the Ger . man admiralty communication declar ing the waters around Great Britain , and .Ireland, including the entire Eng lish Channel, a war zone after Feb , ruary IS. would have no effect on the movements of steamships between . New York and British and French ports, was tlio opinion expressed by . representatives of shipping companies | in statements made public to-day. AVIATORS AGAIN ACTIVE . By Associated Press Paris, Feb. 5, 2.55 p. m.—The French war office this afternoon gave out a report o>< tne progress of the , fighting which reads as follows: "In Belgium German aviators yesterday showed great activity. The announce ment given out last night reported the occupation of a trench of the enemy. PEASANTS TAKE PART IN RIOT By Associated Press Naples, via Kome, Feb. 4, 7.45 p. m. —A discussion to-day between mem bers of the peasant league and the land proprietors in the presence of Socialist Mayor Castroilll at Miner vino Murge, near Bari, degenerated into a fight. Pistol shots were fired hy men on both sides and the police and troops were called to restore order. A I score of persons were wounded but no fatalities resulted. AC STRIA NS ATTACK SERBS By Associated Press Geneva, via Paris, Feb. 5, 5.05 a. m. —Hostilities against Serbia have been i resumed by the Austrtans. according to reports received here from sources which usually have been well In form** GERMANSAREBLOCKADING BRITISH PORTS TO CUT OFF FOOD IMPORTATIONS Press Throughout Germany Enthusiastically Supports De claration of Admiralty; Furious Fighting in Progress Along Russo-German Front West of Warsaw; Von Hindenburg Makes Third Furious Attempt to Break Through Line; Germans Reinforce Hungarian Army Berlin, Feb. S (by wireless to Say ville). —The chief admiral of the staff of the Uerman navy bus Issued the following official communication: "England Is on the eve of shipping numeroiu troops and large quant Itles of war material to I'Vance. Against til CM- English transports we will pro ceed with all the means of warfare al out disposal. "Neutral shipping is earnestly cau tioned against approaching the north ern or the western <t>asts of France, as In these waters such vessels would run the serious danger of being <*>n fnunded with ships whose purposes arc warlike. "The best route for the Xortli Sea is around Scotland." j One of the most furious battles of I tho war is now at its height along the I Kusso-German front west of Warsaw. I-.arge bodies of German troops have been brought up for Field Marshal Von Hindenburg's third desperate ef fort to batter away through the Rus sian line. The attack is centered near the Polish village of Borjimow around which for the last few days bus been raging a battle that for intensity com- I pares with the struggle in Flanders [earlier in the war. Official statements make no mention of the extent of the losses which judging from the nature of the fighting, must be enormous. A communication from the Russian war office to-day ways that along a section of the front about six miles long the Germans brought up no less than 84,000 men. supported by 100 batteries of artillery. In compact masses these troops were hurled against the Russian positions. The Petrograd statement asserts that these attacks were broken up and that tho Russians assuming the offensive in turn captured German trenches and occupied two villages. In the Carpathians the fighting is hnrdly less severe. The Petrograd war office admits that the Russians re treated in one section of this front, after fighting ten successive engage ments with bayonets. Elsewhere Rus sian successes are claimed. I MRS. MOLLIE S. VOLIVA DIES Waul egan, Ills., Feb. s. —Mrs. Mollie Steele Voliva, wife.o Wilbur Glenn Voliva, general overseer of the church foun r John Alexander Dowie, died to-day at her home in Zion C y. She was 44 years old. THREE DAUPHIN CASES LISTED )auphin county cases have been listed for the ■ r I ' ' r v-ri-,65 7," ■ : • Chic; go, 111., Feb. s.— Lorenzo J. Lamson, head of a I well-ki firm of grain dealers, died at kis home here to day of "nciimonia. s New York, Feb. s.— Five Zeppelin destroyers, airships % con d along new lines, are bow under construction S near Lon lon for protection against threatened air raids 1 along the British coast, according to Th«mas Rutherford 9 MacMechen, president o fthe Awo*autical Soceity of Amer- V ica rived here to-day from Liverpool. w Washington, D .C., Feb. 5. By unanimous vote the ' Sc: •' ' '-TR commit'-e t r clay recommended investk-a- I tion uf senatorial campaigns in Pennsylvania and Illinois » r -' : ' Slatw of corruption hu.•<: been made, Washington, D. C., Feb. s.—To thwart filibusters, Sen ator No.tis to-day proposed a cloture rule to prevent any Sen tor t Iking more than once, or more than three hour , in general debate on a measure, and to limit debate on an.cn, to fifteen minutes, except for those who do not use three hours in general debate. t MARRIAGE i """'el Everett*, city, mid Theresa Glacier Doffey, Webster f frank B. Tatcm, city, and Maude M. Graham, Kdfteaiont. IS PAGES » POSTSCRIPT The action of the German admiral" ty in declaring within the war zone the waters surrounding England, Scotland and Ireland is supported enthusias tically by the German press. RUSSIANS MAKING PROGRESS By .Associated Press Pctrograd. Feb. s.—The general staff of the Russian army, under date of February 3 has issued a report of the lighting which reads as follows: "In Kast Prussia we are making progress by lighting our way along 1 both basks of the River Schcsepuppe, in the vicinity of Lasdepnen, to the east of Tilsit. On the left bank of the river Vistula the fighting between Borjlmow and Wola Szydlowiecka has continued with extraordinary fero , city." TRYING TO STIR UP TROUBLE?' London, Feb. 5, .25 a. rn.—Discuss ing editorially the foreign offices con traband statement the Times refers to the German Bundesrath's insertion of a clause seeking to exclude wheat and (lour In that country. This action the Times characterizes as a fraud intend ed to make bad blood between Great Britain and the United States. I GERMAN SUPPLY SHIP SUNK London, Feb. 5, 5.30 a. m.—The !Times says the German auxiliary cruiser sunk by the British cruiser Australia off Patagonia January 7, was I the steamer Eleonore Woermann, a Isupply ship to Admiral Von Spec's squadron. The Times adds that it is doubtful whether the vessel carried any armament. RUSSIANS GIVE UP POSITIONS Petrograd, Feb. s.—The official re port of the Russian general staff given out here to-day relates that the forces of Emperor Nicholas have relinquished some of their mountain positions in the Carpathians. The troops opposed to the Russians in these position* aro strong numerically and they aro fight ing with energy.