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Russians, on Offensive, Force Germans io Evacuaie Polish Cily of Lodz
HARRISBURG TELEGRAPH LXXXIV— *Xo. 33 U.S. SENDS THREATENING NOTES TO GERMANY AND ENGLAND ON COMMERCE American Government Says Destruction of Yankee Merchantmen by Germans in Newly Announced War Zone May Lead to Serious Complications BRITAIN WARNED NOT TO USE STARS AND STRIPES Statement Says United States Looks With Disfavor on British Custom of Using Neutral Flags While Cross ing Mined Areas Washington, D. C., Feb. 11. The United States has warned Great Britain and Germany that general use of the American flag by British vessels would be viewed with grave concern here, and that the destruction by Ger many of any American vessel in the newly prescribed war zone would lead to serious complica tions. It became known to-day that the text of the two notes sent last night to Great Britain and Ger many expressed much more em phatically than -bad been gener ally known the displeasure of the United States at the use of neu tral flags by British merchant men and its solicitude over the implication that neutral vessels .vere liable to destruction by Ger man submarines in the waters around Great Britain and Ireland. Muy Strain Relation-. In tlio document which has been transmitted to Ambassador Gerard at Berlin for presentation to the German ! foreign office there is a friendly but j pointed statement that American ves- | sels should have free and unrestricted I passage through the high seas and unblockaded waters and the destruc- ! tion of an American vessel might lead I to a chanco in the hitherto friendly I relations which have existed between I the United States and Germany. While in the note to Great Britain the representations made are not | based on the Lusitania incident, but; on the statement of the British foreign I office justifying the use of neutral i Mags by its vessels, the United States j lias «tated unequivocally, it is under- I stood, that a continuance of the prac- 1 ti< e would be highly dangerous to j neutral vessels and would be viewed ' with the deepest anxiety here. The texts of the two documents are | expected to be published by the State ; Department to-morrow. Among diplo- | matlsts here the fact that the United ! States has taken a pronounced stand > created a profound impression. Xo joint representations with the I.ntted States on the same subjects; have been made by any of the neu- I Hals. though the various foreign I offices, through their ministers here, j have consulted tlie American govern- j ment as to its attitude. TEACHER-MOTHER RESTORED New York, Feb. !1 .- Th- board of education revoked last night the sus pension of Mrs. T! the teacher in the Tottenvilie High School, whose application for a leave of ab sence, prior to the birth of her child, was refused. THE WEATHER For Harrlshurg »d vicinity: Fair im>l nirmrr to-night and Friday) loiiMt trmiwritorr to-nlfcbt about -10 (ifgrfp*. For Kaafern I'ennsylvanla: Fair and ""irmrr to-nixbt and Frldari fresh Month winds. River The Susquehanna river and all Ita tributaries will rontlaur to fall alowly to-nljcbt anil probably Fri day, except the tributaries may Heitln to rise Friday, due to melt ingr snow as a result of the de elded rlae In temperature Indicat ed for the Susquehanna mater shed In the next thlrt.i-slx hours. V since of about S.O feet Is Indi cated for Ilarrlsburg Friday mornlnir. General Conditions Fatr weather has prevailed la the I tilted Slates In all dlstrlcta east of the Hock tnountnlns during the last twenty-four hour*. A ffenernl and quite decided rlae In temperature has occurred over nearly all the country eaat of the Rocky mountains except In a few localities where It Is slightly colder. The most derided rise re ported. 3S degrees, occurred at Huffalo, K, Y. Temperature) 8 a. m.. 22. Suns Rises. fliß9 a. M.i aeta, 0:30 p. m. Moon. New moon, February ij, tls.ll p. m. River stnite: 5.4 feet above low water mark. Yesterday's Weather Hi*heat 'temperature. 32. I.ow est temperature. 14. Mean temperature, 3,1. Aurmal temperature, 211. RUSSIAN GRAND DUKE | \ ' I rjkS ! | London. Feb. 11. —The Grant! Duke Michael of Russia figures in the divorce case instituted by Leopold Al bit, of South Africa, against Adelaide V. E. Albu. Captain George Larsky is named as corespondent. He is in the Grand Duke's service and the divorce ncti&n is based on occurrences said to have taken place in the Grand Duke's country home in England. WAR COSTS RUSSIANS 57.000.000 PER DAY Daily Expense Estimated During Debate Preceding Adop tion of Budget Petrograd, via I-ondon, Feb. 11, 1.54 a. m.—Russia's daily war bill was estimated at 14,000,000 rubles (57,- 000.000 in the discussion which pre ceded the adoption of the budget. In the debate upon the best means of estimating industries and business generally. At. Markoff. one of the de puties of the Right, proposed the ex pulsion from the country of all Teutons and the donation of their property to relieve the families of war victims. If the government had not tolerated Ger man colonization on the Vistula, he arguod, thousands of Russian lives would have been saved. A similar recommendation was made by the council of empire which suggested that all Austrians and Ger mans except those of Slav origin be deprived of their lands and that all war prisoners be compelled to work on farms and estates with special con sideration for Slavs. Warrant Charging Mors With Murder Is Ready to Be Served if He Is Sane New York, Feb. 11.—A warrant charging him with the murder of "Henry Horn and others,'' inmates of the German Odd Fellows' Home in Yonkers, was held in readiness to-day to serve on Frederick Mors if the re port of Pr. M. S. Gregory, alienist of Bellevue Hospital, declares Mors to be sane. On February 2 Mors voluntarily told an assistant district attorney that he methodically killed eight aged men and women residents of the home where he was employed. Mors was sent to the psychopathic ward of Bel levue hospital for observation and an Investigation of his story was begun in this city, in Bronx county, where the home was formerly located and in West Chester county, the present lo cation. Opinion in the district attorney's of fice in West Chester and the Bronx was that Mors' story thht he "has tened the deaths" of eiglit home in mates might be true. It was said posi tively, however, that investigation has shown Mors could have had no ac complices. KING EATS NEW BREAI) Rome. Feb. 11, 5.55 a. mi—Two dif ferent types of bread are being ex perimented with here. One c-mtains 12 per cent, of rice and the other same proportion of bran. King Victor Kinmanuel and Premier Snlandra test ed both kinds of bread and found it excellent they said. HARRISBURG, PA., Arrest 2 Steelton Youths In Ohio For Holdup of Man at Highspire on Night of Jan. 19 On a warrant charging highway rob bery and felonious assault and bat tery, Alfred Heagy and John Glbbs, of Steelton. were arrested at Youngs town, Ohio, this morning. The war rant was (sworn out before Alderman C. E. Murray, of the Third ward, by Constable Jatues Haines, of Steelton. Heagy, and Gibbs are charged with holding up J. F. Higgins, of Austin. Potter county, on the night of Jan uary 19. robbing him of a diamond ring and stick i>in. a gold watch and SSO in cash, and beating their victim until he was unconscious. Constable Haines is now on route to Youngs town for the fugitives. Considerable mystery surrounded the filing of the complaint by J. F. Higgins at the police station because of the alleged efforts on the part of friends of Gibbs and Heagy to have the affair hushed up. Not until forty- SCHfIEF'STOWN BANK FATE IS IN BALANCE Opening of Institution Depends on Stockholders' Agreeing to $164 Per Share Assessment Special to The Telegraph Scheaffersuown, Pa., Feb. 11.—At jnoon to-day the fate of the First Na tional Bank of this place still hangs iin the balance as a result of the en tanglements growing out of the sul jcide of the cashier, Alvin Binner. [ liquidation proceedings depend [upon whether or not the holders of I the 250 shares of stock will put up $41,000 in actual cash so that the in stitution can lie opened. Each share holder at meetings yesterday afternoon and last night was assessed 5164 per share for the cashier's defalcations. Up until noon there was no re sponse to indicate that the needed sum will be forthcoming. Another meeting will be held to-night to see [Continued on Page «] RUSSIA BUIS STKKI, STEAMER By Associated Press St. Johns, N. F„ Feb. 11.—The atcel steamer I>introse, built for the Beld New Foundland Company in 1913, has been purchased by the Rut? stan government for service as an lea breaker in the White sea. THURSDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 11, 1915. RAILROAD 'COMBINE' TO FIGHT FULL CREW RAPPED BYTRAINMEN Legislative Committee Declares Law Is Necessary to "Guar antee Safety" TO FIGHT EFFORT TO FINISH Does Not "Impair Prosperity," Men Declare; Life Better Than Dividends Xecesslty for the full crew law as a safety first measure is urged in a state ment issued to-day by the joint legis lative committee of the Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen and Order of Railway Conductors. It is an answer to a letter issued two days ago and endorsed by thirteen railroad companies. The legislative representatives of the railroad men In their statement claim that the thirteen railroads have "combined" for the purpose of financing a powerful lobby against railroad wage-earners. The Brotherhood statement declares the full crew law does not require the employment of men whoso services are unnecessary. The trainmen's legis lative board does not claim all the credit for the full crew law in the big decrease in loss of life on the rail roads during 1913 and 1914, but be lieves the safety first measure was a big factor in this decrease. The statement issued to-day in full is as follows: Thirteen railroad companies op erating in Pennsylvania have formed a combination to urge the repeal of the full crew law. This makes a formidable force financially and an imposing body. According to the official announcement, "after consideration, and acting to promote the larger interests and the greater good of the public, the corporations, their employes and their security holders," these rail road companies "have determined to submit an important matter to the public." The thirteen railroads combined in this enterprise are: The Penn sylvania Railroad, the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, the Philadel phia and Reading Railway, the Lehigh Valley Railroad, the Erie [Continued on Paste 6] Russians Reported to Have Lost 10,000 Soldiers Since End of January By Associated Press Berlin. Feb. 11, via London 12.15 p. m.—The correspondent in the Car pathians of the Berlin Tageblatt tele graphs his paper that the offensive spirit of the Russian forces in this arena of the war appears to have jiieen brol'.cn. They are contenting themselves with a defense by artillery against the German attack. They I have lost in round numbers 10,000 [men in dead, wounded and prisoners isince the end of January. eight hours after the robbery occurred was any positive information forth coming from the police authorities. On Tuesday night. January 19, fol lowing the Inauguration of Governor Brumbaugh. Higgins strolled into the Hotel Dauphin, in Market street Through the passing of Elks cards he became acquainted with Glbbs and Heagy. The stranger was Invited to accompany the two men to an Elks home in the country. With Glbbs and Heagy. Biggins boarded a Middletown car. The trio got off at White House lane, near Middletov.n. Float and Robbed Companion Higgins. according to his story, was told to hold up his hands. Thinking it a joke, he made no reply. The two men then beat and robbed him. Hig gins said he was regaining eonscious [ Continued on Page o.] MEIMI'SIIGO SEIZED BY BRITISH Ordered to Prize Court in Accord ance With Decision of Foreign Office Falmouth, Fe®. 11. rta l/ondon, 1:58 P. M.—The cargo of the American steamer Wilhelmliia was seized by the British authorities here to-day in ac cordance with tile decision of the For eign Office. The cargo is to go to n prize court. Washington, D. C.. Feb. 11.—The State Department has concluded that the Wllhelmina case must be allowed to take a .normal course, which in volves going to a prize court, because of the issue raised by the British con tention that Germany has justified the selsure of the Wllheltnlna's cargo by its decree appropriating the home grain supply. The St. Louts commission house owning the cargo, and perhaps the Wilhelmlna's owners, will be repre sented by counsel before the court, but the State Department, though deeply interested in the outcome, will content Itself at present by Instructing the American ambassador a London to observe the progress of the case care fully. The decision of the prise court Is not necessarily binding upon the United States and it may be made the subject of a protest and diplomatic ne gotiations. at the discretion of the l State Department. WILSON'S DEFEATED FORCES NOW IN LINE FOR GORE SUBSTITUTE Under New Plan, Present Bill Would Be Allowed to Be Buried in Committee MAY BE TAKEN UP IN HOUSE Presence of Kitchen at Conference Gives Indication That New Bill May Be Held Up Washington. Feb. 11. —Administra- tion forces were reformed, to continue the tight over the ship bill at an early conference to-day between President Wilson, Senators Fletcher and Sim mons and Kepresentative Kitchen. It was decided to stand behind Senator Gore's substitute for the bill now pending in the Senate. The Gore substitute contains provi sions safeguarding neutrality in pur chase of foreign ships and other pro posals which, it is understood, com mand the support of some of the Pro gressive Republicans and probably some of the Democratic Insurgents. Under the new plan, the present bill, which has drawn a historic tilibuster, would be allowed to be burled In com mittee and the Gore substitute would be forced out for immediate considera tion. Xo llnal decision was reached whether the bill would also be taken up In the House immediately, but indi cations were that it would be done. President Insistent It was said at the White House that no linal decision had been reached to call an extra session on March 5, but it was stated definitely that the Presi dent will insist on the passage of the shipping bill even if an extra session is necessary. The parliamentary situa tion was gone into at length and it was practically agreed that no fur ther overtures would be made to the seven Democrats who have been voting with the Republicans. In administration circles it was said that hope had not been given up of passing the Gore substitute during the present session, but it was considered significant, however, that Mr. Kitchen, who is to be the majority leader in the next Congress was present at the conference rather than Mr. Under wood. who will be in the Senate after March 4. Forecasts Kxtra Session As the situation developed at the Capitol, the plan appeared to be to relax the light in the Senate while the Gore substitute was betng attached as an amendment to the Weeks bill in the House, and meanwhile some appro priation bills would be disposed of in the Senate.. The plan seemed to sure ly forecast an extra session. The Weeks bill already has passed | the Senate. It proposes use of naval 'vessels for mail and freight in times 'of emergency. By attaching the Gore bill the parliamentary situation would simply call for a motion in the Senate to concur with the House amendmen*. A tight and filibuster may be expected on that also, it was pointed out, but | [Continued on Page 9.] MAYOR TRIFLE BITTER OVER COUNCIL ACTION Inclined to Be Wee Bit Peevish About Commissioner Lynch's Counter-proposition The members of city council yester day adopted a resohition characteriz ing the Mayor's latest gallery play as "political buncombe." And this, too, after the Mayor had declared the presentation of the meas ure out of order. The Mayor was just a wee bit bitter, almost peevish, about it after the ses sion. lie said it was the "worst bit of legislation of its kind that has been adopted by council In twenty-five years." The introduction of the measure by Commissioner Lynch quite evidently startled both Mayor Royal and Com missioner Gorgas. At the previous session Mayor Royal had offered a [Con tin nod on Page 5.] ACTIVE IN UPPER ALSACE By Associated Press Berne via Paris, Feb. 11, 1.05 a. m. —Great military activity is apparent in Upper Alsace, especially in the I-arg valley and in the districts of Pfetterhausrn and Rechesy, close to the Swiss frontier, where fierce ar tillery duels take place every day. SOCIALISTS PLAN MEETING Tiy Associated Press Paris, Feb. 11, 0.20 a. m.—The In ternational Socialist Bureau has sum moned delegates both from belliger ent and neutral nations to meet at The Hague. They will confer separately and later hold a general assembly if one can be arranged. FIRE AT CHOCOLATE PLANT By Associated Press Philadelphia, Feb. 11.—Three build ings of the American Chocolate Com pany at Hatboro. near here, were de stroyed by fire early to-day. The loss is estimated at $55,000. The fire Is supposed to have started from an overheated stove. MAY INVESTIGATE FINANCES By Associated Press Albany, N. Y.. Feb. 11.—Discussion Of the possibility of a legislative in vestigation of New York City's finan cial affairs Is current among legisla tors of all parties but no definite steps has been planned by any one. Gov ernor Whitman declined to discuss the subject. 14 PAGES GERMANS, HARD PRESSED BY RUSSIAN ADVANCE, GIVE UP CITY OF LODZ Czars Forces on Offensive, Drive Germans From Terri tory Which They Captured December 6 During Their March on Warsaw; Heavy Fighting Still in Progress in Carpathians; Allies in Possession of Hill of Notre Dame in West Evacuation by tha Germans of Lodz, next to Warsaw the most im portant city of Russian Poland, is re ported unofficially to-day from French sources. Recent official state ments show that the Russians opened an attack along the Warsaw front sev eral days ago but the heaviest lighting apparently was being carried on some distance north of Lods, which lies southwest of Warsaw, about half way between that city and the German border. To-day's report says that the Germans are removing their supplies to Kalisz, near the border and that they are resuming construction of lines of fortifications. Lodz was cap tured by the Germans on December C, during their drive at Warsaw which was halted 3 0 miles west of that city. Reports of the campaign in the I Carpathians are conflicting although it is agreed that heavy fighting is in progress. Petrograd's claims of vic tories are not admitted in Berlin, where it is stated that the Austro- Germjln forces are making progress steadily. The correspondent of a Ber lin newspaper asserts that the spirit of the Russians appeared to be broken; that they have lost 10,000 this month and are now content to remain on the defensive. Allies Capture Hill One of the most stubborn lights on French battlefields is said to have been won by the allies. For six weeks the hill of Notre de Lorette has been in dispute. In winning possession of this hill the allies have gained an impor tant advantage, since the position dominates the surrounding region. The United States lias taken a firm stand concerning the rights of Ameri can shipping in blockaded waters. In its note to Great Britain yesterday it pointed out that general use of the American flag by British vessels would be highly dangerous to neutral vessels and would be viewed by this govern | SCHAEFFERSTOWN BANK SAVEiV J / Lebanon, Feb. 11.—At a meeting of ' ;kholders held ■ Sat Sihaefferstown, holders of 210 shares the capital stock % #of the First National Bank, whose cas in Binnei a » committed suicide, publicly expressed th willingness to a 9 make up the $164 assessment which is ny to cover ■ ir the $41,000 shortage of the bank. With onlj 40 shares to b » C heard from, prospects for the immediate -.ng of the in- f C stitution are bright. I t DES MOINES ON DRY 1 j 1 % Des Moines, lowa, Feb. 11.—The Cit icil here to 1 % day refused to grant the saloonkeepers a enewal of their ' m licenses. This means that the eighty s Des Moines | ' \ will close their doors Saturday night. # 1 MORS IS "MENTALLY UNWELL" J J New York, Feb. 11.—Frederick Mors, who said he 1 J caused the deaths of eight aged inmates of the German Odd m a Fellows' Home at Yonkers, where he was employed as nurse F \ was declared to be "mentally unwell" by . lists who ex- ■ j amined him to-day at Bellevue Hospital. a m Philadelphia, Feb. 11.—The United States District % j Court to-day appointed a receiver for the b lding construe- m I tion firm of J. E. and A. L. Pennock, of i e!phia. ■ I This firm has the contract for the erection of the addi« ■ tion to the Harrisburg Post Office. % I Norfolk, Va., Feb. 11.—The American steamer Dacia 9 1 I sailed to-day with her cargo of cotton for Germany, which M I . goes via Rotterdam. Great Britairi has threatened to seize w 1 | the ship. £ i London, Feb. 11, 3.58 p. m.—Premier Asquith, in an P I announcement made to the House of Commons this after- 9 noon, said that the British government was ?bout to take ■ more stringent measures against the trade of Germany. w Washington, D. C., Feb. 11. Commander Woodruff, # Governor of the American islands of Samoa, reported to- a day that the Manua islands had been wept by a heavy # storm and asked for SIO,OOO for reiie! e no details r of loss of life or destruction of property. S etary Daniels | cabled at once for details onwl aergency re- I quest to Congress. I — MARRIAGE I Charlea Snbo aud Mary Xaixy, cl(j. I David William Attic ■•>«! Hel«a Mlarrva Plaak, city. 1 * POSTSCRIPT. ment with anxiety. It informed Ger many that the destruction of aa American vessel might lead to a change in the hitherto friendly rela tions between the two countries. Great Britain meanwhile is prepar ing to take still more stringent meas ures to cut orr German overseas trade. In the house ol' commons Premier Asquith was asked whether the gov ernment would place all foodstuffs anrl raw materials used in German Indus tries on the list of absolute contra band. He rrpilod that the government was considering taking measures against German trade "In view of the violation by the enemy of the rules of war." The British foreign secretary, Sir Edward Grey, said that It would b» useless for the allies to outline terms on which they would discuss peace on account of reent public statements In Germany. Lodz Evacuated According to Report From Petrograd By Associated Press Paris, Feb. 11, 6.50 a. m.—The eva cuation of Lodz by the Germans has been confirmed, according to a Petro grad dispatch to the Havas Agency, which states that stores, offices and transports are being removed hast ily to Kalisz. Lodz, the second city of Poland, was captured by the Germans on December 6, when Field Marshal Von Hinden burg began his dash for Warsaw, 75 miles to the northeast. The Russians were driven out of the city only after a desperate resistance according to German reports, although Petrograil contended it was evacuated for stra-, tegic reasons. The Russians were re-4 ported yesterday to have assumed tha offensive on the Warsaw front In aa effort to push back the Germans who are said to have transferred many troops from that region to East Prus sia.