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HARRISBURG TELEGRAPH Bttabluktd itti PUBLISHED BY THE TELEGRAPH PRINTING CO. E. J. STACK POLE Prtsidtnt and Biitor-m-Chiif Jr. R. OYSTER S tertiary GUS M. 3TEINMETZ Managing Editor Published every evenln* (except Sun day) at the Telegraph Building, 116 Federal Square. Both phones. Member Amerloan Newspaper Publish ers' Association. Audit Bureau of Circulation and Pennsylvania Associ ated Dallies. Eastern OfTlce. Fifth Avenue Building, New York City, Hasbrook, Story St Brooks. Western Office, Advertising Bulldtnr. Chicago, 111., Allen St Ward. Delivered by carriers at <DMkerl£64C> six cents a week. Mailed to subscribers at $3.00 a year in advance. Entered at the Post Office In Harris burg, Pa., as second class matter. Snorn dally average circulation for the three months ending July 31, 11)15 it 21,084 ★ Average for the year 1914—21389 Average for the year 1913—19,963 Average for the year 1913—19,649 Average for the year 1911—17,068 Average for the year 191(^—16,261 The above Harare* are net. All re turned, unaold and damaged copies de ducted. ■ FRIDAY EVENING, AUGUST 20. Feear not, O faithful heart, but bring what most is meet; Bring love alone, true love alone; and lay it at His feet. —Richard Watson Gilder. OFF AGAIN OX AGAIN IN one column of a Washington newspaper we read that President Wilson is "determined to have a ship purchase bill passed" by the coming session of Congress, and that he Is very much In earnest in his de sire to build an American merchant marine. In another column of the same publication we note the trans fer of several American steamers to foreigners, as a result of the opera tions of the La Follette law, which act the President approved. The Wil son shipping policy appears to be one of off again on again and we cannot but wonder how long it will he until it is gone again. With a multiplicity of candidates coming into the political arena at this time for all. manner of offices, the peo ple will have little difficulty in choos ing their public servants for the next three or four years. But the theory that the open primary would solve all the political ills of our day is being rudely shattered by fusion games and all sorts of machinations. PUTTING IT INTO PRACTICE WHEN Emperor William ex claimed: "Nothing must be done anywhere on the globe without the sanction of Germany's ruler," the whole world laughed. Paragraphers were busy with the saying for days. Cartoonists had un bounded fun with it. It was a good joke; this bombastic flub-dub of a swaggering imperial swell-head. But evidently the Kaiser did not regard it as such. The evidence of German interference with things Amerioan and the exposure of German secret service activities at Washington, as outlined by the sensational articles appearing during the past week in the New York World, are convincing proof that the emperor was very much in earnest. The big question now agi tating the American people is, what is the President going to do about it? Russia's ammunition may be low, but she still has a plentiful supply of jaw breaking names. GERMAN TRIUMPHS GERMANY is very naturally ch'eered by the wonderful vic tories her armies are winning in Russia. Mile after mile they are driving the armies of the czar, thou sands of prisoners have been taken, cities have fallen into the hands of the Kaiser's onrushlng hosts. "On to Petrograd" is the cry and It may be that the Germans will reach the capital of the Czar. But many will hesitate to pass such Judgment until the feat has been accomplished, re membering the "On to Paris" of a year ago. It is true that Russia is being frightfully punished and her losses of men have been tremendous. But men are the cheapest munition of ■war the Czar has at his call. What he needs are guns, ammunition and other supplies and these he is rapid ly accumulating. There is just one possibility of a permanent German success In Rus sia, and that is the envelopment ori destruction of the Russian armies. So long as they are in retreat, so long they will be a constant menace to the invading forces. Up to this time the Germans have not been able either to break the Russian armies or the Rus sian spirit, and if the Grand Duke extricates himself from his present position there Is left for him all Rus sia and all Asia into which he may retreat. Of course. It Is not likely that he will avail himself of more of the territory to his rear than he must, but there Is always the possi slbillty of successful flight, and every day gained is of priceless worth to the Czar and of inestimable loss to the Germans, no matter how successful it may have gone for their arms. Even the capture of Petrograd would not spell victory, although it would be a big step In that direc tion, any more than the loss of Paris FRIDAY EVENING, ~ PAHRISBURG TELEGRAPH would have meant the ultimate defeat o' France. Neither Is Petrograd so seriously menaced today as was Paris at the outset of the war. Fabian tac tics are as old as warfare and the army pressing the offensive often finds itself In distress at the end, even as the Russians at the beginning of the war. Russia has been the graveyard of more than one military ambition. It has room for many more gravestones. CHI BOHES AND CELEBRATION IT Is altogether in keeping with the character of the celebration that the churches of the city should have been Invited to participate In the big municipal Jubilee which is to mark the completion of Harrlsburg's pub lic Improvements next month. It is to be hoped that the pulpits will ring with clarion calls to municipal service on the Sunday set apart for the ob servance in the churches. This is our city, our home, and if we do not leave it a better place for our children than we found it we have not fulfilled our duty to our- selves or to posterity. Furthermore, [a city that provides sparkling, whole some water for its people, which gives them clean, paved streets, which sets apart for them playgrounds, parks and recreation places, which in short gives them proper surroundings in which their physical health may be preserved and their moral and spiritual natures opportunity to expand and which in creases their possibilities for happi ness, is fulfilling the mandates of the great Power of which the church on earth is the agent. It is fitting, indeed, then that min isters should point out to their mem bers'the benefits that have been de rived from the public improvements which we have wrought at so great an expenditure of labor and money, and to point out to them that we have made but a fair start and that the fu ture holds much to be done if we are to keep step with the vigorous march of progress we have been maintaining for the past fourteen years. When the first improvement cam paign was under way preachers spoke In potent voice in behalf of the pro gram as then outlined, and who shall say the influence they then wielded was not for the up-building of the city and the betterment of everybody claiming Harrisburg as his home. PARTY REUNION THE reunion of the Republican party for the 1916 campaign is foreseen by United States Sen ator Henry Cabot Lodge. Speaking ai the outing of the Worcester County Republican Club, in Massachusetts, the other day. Senator Lodge deplored the division of the party in 1912 and saw reason for rejoicing in the fact that it was "reuniting once more in a com mon and commanding purpose." "I prefer to say reuniting," he added. "I do not like overmuch the words 're turn' or 'comeback,' for I have no dis tinctions to draw, and in our reunion, when completed, the Republican party will not only find victory, but, what is far more important, prosperity and repose will once more be granted to our business, and our high standing abroad, so sadly impaired, will be re gained." Senator Lodge's words are not only encouraging to Republicans every where as coming from one who has sources of information not open to the ordinary voter and who is noted as a far-sighted, keenly observant states man. but they strike the keynote of party unity as well. There is no such thing as "coming back" for thousands of Republicans who voted for Roose velt in 1912 for the very plain reason that they never were outside the party. Many of them cast their ballots for the Progressive candidates In the firm con viction that by doing so they were supporting the choice of a majority of the voters of the Republican party. They were Republicans and they regis tered in the voting booths their protest against what they thought was a per version of leadership. They were just as honest and sincere as those who voted for William Howard Taft. But next year will find a different situation. The voters will be unques tionably in the saddle. There will be r.o excuse whatever for a party split. So there can he no talk of "coming back" to the party, because, to repeat, those who supported Roosevelt four years hack were never really out of the party. Rather, it will be, as Sen ator Lodge says, a reunion of Repub licans. The ultra-conservative and tho ultra-radical elements will come to gether on a common platform, where each will yield something, but where their views will be met in the main as they will be in no other party decla ration that will be written next year. THE WORLD'S SECRET SERVICE WE had been led to believe that the German secret service penetrated all things, knew all things and could accomplish all things It set out to accomplish. We had been persuaded that it was the most effi cient Instrument of its kind on earth. Now comes the New York World with evidence that its secret service has investigated pretty thoroughly the secret service of the kaiser. It has been operating so effectively that it has kept tabs on even the most secret transactions of the kaiser's most se cret agents. In short it has not only played the Germans at their own game but it has beaten them at it. Sherlock Holmes Is a tyro as compared with this detective agency of the World. There are hidden in its archives news stories far more thrilling than were ever printed even in the sensational exposures of hidden transactions so frequently appearing In the columns of the World itself. TELEGRAPH'S PERISCOPE —The telephone girl may not be a good angler, but at all events she knows how to throw a line. —Anybody who longs for the days of June may do so; weather like the past two days for ours. —lf we wanted to be real nasty about it, we might infer that there have been occasions when the Harris burg Indians had to play the umpire, too. —Georgia is our idea of a good place to stay away from. —lf at the close of the war Euro peans turn their bayonets into plow shares some of them will have to go over to Africa to find room in which to work. —The cost of living has advanced $3 a week in Germany. Ah, come on over, Kaiser, and take a lesson from the Wilson administration. EDITORIAL COMMENT Lloyd-George has proved that some hyphenated citizens are mighty valu able.—Kansas City Times. Although disturbed by the presence of our marines, Haiti hopes that the customary disorder will soon be re-, stored.—Washington Post. Diplomacy is something a nation uses either when it wants to avoid a fight or when it wants to get into one. —Philadelphia Inquirer. The Italians seem to have had a bet ter eye than the Russians for picking a nice, comfortable, middle-sized war. —New York Evening Sun. IN HARRISBURO FIFTY YEARS j AGO TO-DAY | [Fronj the Telegraph, Aug. 20, 1865.] 22 Regiments Still in Service Twenty-two Pennsylvania regiments are still in service in different parts of the country. Camps Curtin and Re turn, of this city, are almost deserted, most of the soldiers having been dis charged. Repeal Ordinance Council has repealed the ordinance prohibiting the sale of liquor between the hours of 11 in the evening and 1 o'clock in the morning. Immoral of John Haldeman Funeral services for John Halde man will be held from his home in Front street, Tuesday afternoon at 3 o'clock. KING ALBERT AS A REPORTER Said to llnvf Worked When I'rlnrr for American Nenapaper Most people know of King Albert's love of literature, but few are aware that some time ago his desire for knowledge prompted him to become a newspaper correspondent. When Prince of the Belgians lie put aside his title for a plain Incognito and traveled through France, Austria. Great Britain, America and Scandinavia as a press re porter. In this way the democratic Prince was able to study the commer cial advantages of other countries as well as broauen his views and educate his mind. In order that he should not be recognized during his expeditions King Albert grew a beard, wore glasses and trimmed his hair in a new way. His disguise was so effective that many of his countrymen to whom he was a fa miliar figure passed him without recog nition in the various towns he visited The royal reporter seriously worked at the profession he adopted. In America lie was employed by a Minne apolis newspaper at a salary of sls a week. The King's employers were quite unaware of his identity. TYING VP STATE INCOME [From the Philadelphia Bulletin.] The seventh separate and special fund in the hands of the State Treasurer has | just been set aside at Harrisburg ac cording to recent law and as a result it is announced that available cash has been so depleted that current payments for schools and general purposes may have to be curtailed. The latest fund is that of the Game Commission derived from fees for hunters' licenses and amounts to something more than half a million dollars, which can only be spent for the establishment and main tenance of preserves, the propagation and protection of game and as bounties for noxious creatures. While the purpose of these special funds is good, in that the Legislature sought to provide that especial benefit should be given to objects mostiv di rectly concerned with or related to the origin of the particular revenue, like the restriction of the automobile licetiSe collections to improvement of the State highways, it is, nevertheless, plain that the idea, carried too far, may handicap the fiscal officers of the State in meet ing the general running expenses of the departments. THE DADDY DE I.UXE His job wasn't much, at the office: We thought him a sort of a dub. He took little part in our chaffing, He didn't belong to a club. We thought him a cipher with rim off: We pitied him worst thing of all! Till we saw him one day with his children, And we wished all our taunts to re call. The look in the eyes of his kiddies, As up at their father they gazed, Made all of us alter our ratings— It left us ashamed and amazed. It was worship, all trustful ahd loving; It made all us "baches" seem crooks. We take off our hats to him. mornings. Since we've found him a daddy de luxe. —Reading Herald. SALE OF MUNITIONS [From the Philadelphia Press.] The right of neutrals to sell muni tions of war Is not only a long-estab lished and recognized right, but it is a right which makes for Justice snd equity, as It serves to shield the peace ably disposed nations against the ag gression of prepared and bullying Pow ers when fired by a lust of conquest. IN THE DOG DAYS, TOO ]From the Erie Evening Herald.[ You can't always Judge by appear ances. The daschund has mighty short legs hut his pants are Just as long as any other dog's. HII,I,'S SELECTION TFrom the New York Sun.] James J. Hill, the railway builder of the Northwest, has been seleoted by a committee of five as MinnesotiTs great est living citizen to accept honors be stowed by the Panama-Pacific Exposi tion. Mr. Hill belongs to the nation as one of Its eminent men no less than to Minnesota. It Is a curious thing that our foremost railroad man was born In Canada and that Canada's great rail road men. Van Home and Shaughnessy saw the light In the United States. TRUE TO FORM [From the St. Louis Weekly Globe- Journal.] Before Vic Murdock went to Congress he was a delightful humorist. His pre dictions as chairman of the Progressive national committee Indicate that he Is returning to his old form. WILSON BRAND [From the Philadelphia Public Ledger.] After watching the actions of a man who discovered a "fresh-paint" sign on a fence the other day, we were able to better understand the Kaiser's curiosity as to that "strlct-accountabllitv" thing. The m#n wanted to be sure th« paint really was fresh. It was. *j>otO£c* lit By ttie Ei The first nominating petition for a congressional candidate in the 24th district, where a special election will be held to select a successor to the late William M. Brown, was filed to day by Henry W. Temple, of Washing ton county. Mr. Temple was elected to congress in 1912 as a Progressive. The petition filed to-day Is for the Re publican nomination. The district Is composed of Beaver, Lawrence and Washington counties. Judicial nominating petitions were filed to-day in behalf of Judge S. J. Telford, Indiana, who seeks renomin ation, and for the following judicial candidates: U. P. Rossiter, Erie; F. H. Wilkinson, Greene; Clement B. Mc- Carter, Beaver; William T. Dare, Jef ferson; Samuel H. Sell, Bedford, and James A. McLaughrey, Mercer. —Late yesterday a big paper was filed for Judge Joseph S. Woods, con taining names of many prominent men in Mifflin, Huntingdon and Bedford counties. The Judge, who is a former senator, will be backed by a strong citizens' committee. —Judge R. S. Holt, Beaver, and Ar thur T. Park, Chester, filed judicial nominating papers late yesterday, both being good sized documents. —Congressman J. Hampton Moore yesterday reiterated his desire to re main in congress rather than become mixed up in a mayoralty row. —Mayor Ira W. Stratton, of Read ing, and Samuel I. Spyker, of Hunting don, are being mentioned as possible appointees to places in the State gov ernment soon. Spyker is likely to be come counsel for'the Workmen's Com pensation Board. —Philadelphia Democrats are scrap ping gorgeously over magistrate nomi nations. The Democracy can always be depended upon to fuss when there is no occasion for it. —Lieutenant Governor Frank B. McClain, State Treasurer Young and Secretary of Internal Affairs Henry Houck will be in the Panama-Pacific Exposition party. —Apparently fusion schemes are not taken very seriously very far from Market Square. —Pittsburgh dispatches say that the Penrose influence will be thrown against P. C. Knox for senator. Knox has been strongly boosted by some of the Pittsburgh newspapers. —Harry D. Schaeffer, who is out for orphans' court in Berks, was a former candidate for the bench. He will op pose Judge Bushong, who was named by Governor Tener to the bench. —Erie is facing a lively contest for nominations for c.lty council In the midst of the recovery from the flood. Excitement is not hard to find in Erie at any time. —Commissioner Smith said In Phila delphia last night that he was giving attention to his new job and nothing else. . —From all accounts, the responses 'to State/ Chairman Morris' efforts to lift the burden of debt from the Demo cratic State committee have not been very liberal. He found It as hard to get many answers in this community as it was to secure harmony between the Wetzel and Blddie wings in Cum berland county. —The Philadelphia Record a few days ago contained this interesting editorial comment, which might be headed "The Truth Will Out." The Record s/ild: "The truth will out. Our esteemed contemporary. Warren Worth Bailey, who hates polHical bosses and who has been trying to make himself believe there is a Demo cratic organization in Pennsylvania, now protests that th%re was no Demo cratic platform in this State last year and that the squeak of one lone Indi vidual was masqueraded as a Demo cratic platform." The Philadelphia Record says to day of the Philadelphia mayoralty: "A new situation arose in the Repub lican mayoralty tangle yesterday when City Chairman David H. Lane, who is now in Atlantic City, was quoted as saying that Thomas B. Smith had at one time been agreed upon as a com promise candidate for mayor, and when both Senator McNichol and Sen ator Vare promptly denied this report, making their first public utterance on the Smith boorji. The statements of McNichol and Vare practically give the lie to The whole matter aroused discussion afresh concerning the Smith candidacy and it was agreed that there probably had been some thing to the Smith boom in the first place, but that it was now abso lutely dead." The Philadelphia Inquirer says to day of Governor Rrumbaugh: "The Goyernor is much tanned and looks as he says he feels—in tip-top physical condition. His good roads program is occupying considerable of his atten tion. he said, and so far aa it has been worked out has been highly grati fying. 'ln coming through Pennsyl vania,' he said, 'I traversed probably 150 miles of country in which the patrol system is now'in •force,-and the effects of it are apparent to any ob server. I believe it will become one of the most important factors in pre serving good highways over Pennsyl vania. once they are established'." Our Daily Laugh IF*7* SrT/H HIS CAB. What model Is ' Second mort- MTJBICAL BUR "Whenever I break into a M You alw a y s^A^T* com p 1 ain," jv I V&jkJM "Well, why in the world." sb« Vfl ~p§)TOe: answered, —-"im J HUi "Don't you try to find the * *J<—» key?" AWAY TOMORROW Br Wing Dinger But if perchance, while I'm away. Or cold, as case may be, I'll be a strolling- 'long the beach That runs beside the sea. So if you And no verses here To-morrow night, forgive. Because for two days, t«ke my word, I'm just a-goin' to live. But if perchance, while I'm away, The secret I should get Of what the sad sea waves do say. Just place a little bet That when back home again I come A little verse I'll write About this unsolved mystery V And try to set you right. THE CARTOON OF THE DAY "How'd You Like to Be the Richest Man in the World?" r |rV W I W I ' ' —l* rom the N. T. Evening Mail. NATIONAL DEFENSE PROBLEMS ll.—Compulsory Military Service By Frederic J. Haskin WERE the military experts of the nation to speak their minds they would to a man advise Uncle Sam to inaugurate a system of easy but compulsory military service, based upon that In operation in Switzerland. The forthcoming report to Presi dent Wilson of the Secretaries of "War and Navy may not contain such a rec ommendation because the experts Know of the prejudice in the Ameri can public mind against militarism, and compulsory service sounds mili taristic. But they nevertheless believe that this would be the best solution of the question of preparedness. For Switzerland, most peaceful of nations, has sifted the absolutely es sential out of the mass of work of the world in training its military and has developed a system which in forty-flve days will convert the youngster of the street or the farm Into a first-class fighting man. If the United States had the Swiss system in operation it would be able to call to arms In a week 5,000,000 soldiers capable of meeting an army of equal strength from any nation in the world and giving an ac count of itself. Had it such a dormant army, it is claimed that it would be absolutely safe from attack and would remain forever at peace. It is also held that the training thus given the youth of the land would be vastly to its benefit. What, then, Is this system of Switzer land and is it adaptable to the needs of the United States? Let us see whether compulsory military service is a burdensome tyranny upon this ad mirable people. Iu Switzerland In Switzerland every lad, during the summer of the year in which he reaches the p.ge of twenty, reports for military service. There are depots within convenient reach of his home. He is carefully examined and if he is found to be physically fit he has passed a milestone in his career as a possible defender of his country. About half of those examined are accepted. It is a recommendation to a lad to have passed these tests and it reflects upon him if he has failed. Prospective em ployers take note of success or failure in this test and, since the demand for eugenic parents has come into being, the young man who has been shown unfit to serve his country may have difficulty in getting himself a wife. Every lad hopes above all else to be able to pass his examination with credit. The public schools give set ting-up exercises and calisthenics to develop the youngsters. There are many military organizations among the boys to train them for the test. The effect is felt among the youth of the land in its desire to become physically fit. There is also a mental exami nation in common school subjects, and, where a lad fails to pass this, he is re quired to go to night school and make up his deficiencies. Each young man is given a book, in which the results of these tests are set down. The following summer, that of the year in which he becomes twenty one. he reports for work in the cadet school. Here he gets forty-five days of very strenuous work in the few tasks which Switzerland regards as most es sential parts of a military training. These are field work and shooting. It is held that if a man can do credit to himself in the open, on the march, in camp, in preparation for battle, and if he can shoot when the time comes to fight, he is a pretty good soldier. Training Out of Doors These youngsters do not know what a drill hall Is. All their training takes place out of doors. They learn how ts make camp, how to live properly In the open, how to carry their knap sacks, how to dig trenches, how to shoot, how to hear gruelling marches. What they learn of the precision of the drill ground is merely incidental and picked up during marches and other maneuvers. Switzerland does not believe that a great amount of this parade ground precision Is necessary. During thlJ first period of training the recruit has fired 200 actual shots with the sort of gun he would use during war and his instructors have sewi that he handled his weapon cor rectly. As the weeks of vigorous ex ercise in the open have passed he has felt his strength developing and has grown to take pride In it. Finally, toward the end, he is given two days and a night of ceaseless, grinding marching—such a test as he might be called upon to meet in a great emer gency. He Is shown what hardship Is, how he may endure it, how he will recover from it. It is six weeks as though he were actually at war. This is the major part of the com pulsory military service of the youfig citizen of Switzerland. When he has completed it his record Is entered in his book and he Is sent home. He la assigned to a battalion. He is given his uniform, his gun, his full accouter ment. He is now a member of the "elite." Until he is sixty years old he retains his uniform and gun and is subject to call by his country. Sixteen Days In Field Within a year or two years he will bo required to do cervlce with his regi- 'AUGUST 20, 1915. mc-nt and will spend sixteen days, also in vigorous field work, with the other men of his kind in his community who go to make up that particular part of the army of the nation. After that he reports for sixteen days of service each two years until he reaches the age of thirty-two, when he becomes a mem ber of the landwehr, and Is called upon to drill but eleven days in each four years until he is forty. All this with variations for the different serv ices. Then he enters the landsturm. where he remains, subject to call if needed, until he is fifty. Altogether the citizen of Switzerland gives about six months of his life to his country. This six months Is spent out of doors in the most manly and health giving sort of work. Every youngster is taken away from his mother's apron Strings just as he comes to maturity, is set upon his feet, taught hygiene, the virtues of physical exercise, the possibilities of his own physical prow ess—ls straightened up, hardened. The approach of other terms of serv ice make it necessary that he should keep in condition and affect the whole of his life. Aside from the benefit that the state derives from thus securing for itself the equivalent of a strong standing army, it profits through the added health and efficiency of its man hood. All of this training takes place un der the eye of highly skilled military instructors. Switzerland has almost no regular army, but a corps of these officers, acting as instructors, and the noncommissioned officers, who act as drill sergeants and in such minor ca pacities. It has such a corps as the experts claim the United States should develop for 'the training of a volun teer army even though nothing is done toward general military service. During all these services of the citi zen of Switzerland he receives his sub sistence and 10 cents a day to cover any Incidental expense. Exemption Penalties The man who Is exempt for any | reason from military service not only suffers the humiliation of the brand of unfitness, but is subject to three separate taxes in addition to those otherwise borne. He must pay a poll tax of 6 francs, a material property tax and a tax of 1 % per cent, on his income. There are exemptions under certain mlnimums for the benefit of the afflicted and very poor. As a result of this system Switzer land, with a population of 3,500,000, could raise an army of 250,000 trained and properly equipped soldiers In twenty-four hours. Back of these would be another body of similar size, partially armed and trained, but not of the first line. In any community a call may be published to-day and to-mor row morning the elite, in uniform and bearing arms, will report for service at a prearranged point, and by noon a battalion may be entrained and hur ried to the front. Ali Switzerland may thus fly instantly to arms. If the Swiss system were In op eration in the United States it would produce, judging from the results from a given population In that country, 5,500,000 fighting men between the ages of twenty and forty, reasonably trained and ready for service to-mor row. Basing an estimate of the cost of developing this fighting force upon the cost in Switzerland, the United States would need spend about $250,000,000 a year upon it. Military authorities say that an army of this sort, made up of the men who are the backbone of the nation, men of intelligence and initiative, would make the most formidable fighting or ganization in the world. They assert that the Swiss army of 250,000 men which might be called out to-morrow would be a better force with which to prosecute a campaign than would be the same number of regular soldiers who had been In the ranks for years. They would have more snap, enter prise, ingenuity, patriotism, will-to conquer, in them than any regular or ganization, and they would know the essentials. It is also held that an American army made along these lines would be particularly effective, for the Ameri can learns quickly, is normally a man of enterprise and ingenuity, is more accustomed to outdoor life than the citizen of most nations. A TROUBLED TOWN I'll sing you a ditty of Mexico City. It falls about four times a week. Marauders attack it and take it and sack it, Harassing its occupants meek. It is a great pity that Mexico City Is thus of its treasures bereft. The town is still saving Its sidewalks and paving. But really there's little else left. —Louisville Courier-Journal. SMART DOG TFrom Judge.l Bride—Hubby, I gave Hover one of my doughnuts to-day. What do you think the cute tiling did with it? Huby —Can't guess. Bride—Took ft out and burled It in the yard. Hubby—And yet they say dogs can not reason! ©jetting (Efyat The nation-wide spirit in favor of defence has had an excellent effect upon the National Guard of Pennsyl vania and It is authoritatively stated, that attendance at the encampments of the Pennsylvania National Guard, this year was the best known in a decade. The figures received at the Capitol have shown in many instances that the guardsmen turned out ter than known by their officers and there were many organizations which were above the minimum require ments. It is believed that when every thing is in the attendance will show the greatest strength in the guard s peace history. The conditions at the encampment at Mt. Gretna and In diana as well as at the cavalry, artillery and engineering camps at tracted attention because of the large number of men under canvas. The infantry organizations in a number of cases were above the minimum and companies where poor showings had been made came to the front with more men than in years. The Tenth Regiment showed hardly two per cent, of its total enlisted strength absent and other regiments made excellent reports. The cavalry and artillery re ports of attendance were all very favorable, in some cases far ahead of recent camps. Interest in national de fence and increased attention to military work as a result of the en couragement of officers and men are given as the reasons for the fine re sults of this year's camp. It is most gratifying to note in this connection that the three Harrisburg organiza tions and most of those In Colonel Hutchison's regiment were among those whose attendance was of the kind that showed the right kind of spirit. Have you ever driven along a coun try road at night in an automobile and been surprised to find that what you supposed was a lantern or electric light several hundred feet ahead was nothing more than the reflection of the head lights of your automobile upon the eyes of a cat upon the road side? It is one of the peculiar qual ities of the eyes of a cat that they radiate many times the size of the pupil. You will also discover that many chauffeurs are superstitious as to a cat and will never permit one to run across the road ahead of the ma chine if they can prevent it. Cats are regarded as bad luck, especially the black ones. Erasmus Wilson, the philosopher of the Pittsburgh Gazette-Times, one of the most enjoyable writers tn the State, is going into transports over the dumpling season. As a matter of fact he says thore is no such season as the dumpling season but that people like to think of it at this time. This Is the way he writes of it: "The season of the apple dumpling is the year round. But Just now with oat nppien, sheep noses, pound pippins and a few other choice varieties Just ripening, may be called the opening of the season, to be followed by Rhode Island green ings and other autumn brands known as good cookers. Probably there are no bad apple dumplings, but It will *oe conceded that some are better than others. This depends largely on the cook. No matter how good looking she may be, nor how xuccessful with pound cake, or jelly cake, she may go bad on the dumpling. Rich, juicy, slightly tart apples are best, but an expert at the dumpling business can, by dexterous use of cinnamon, all spice and some of the finer condl- ft mcnts, turn out a very creditable dumpling with a rather poor quality of apple. This is not necessary In this splendid fruit country where grow the finest flavored apples to be found any where." • • * One sport that hasn't been getting much recognition on the city's sporting pages but which is mighty popular here is canoe sailing. On any day when the wind is up river dozens of the beautiful little craft fashioned by the redskins long ago can be seen hit ting the wind or tearing full ahead on the water basin between the bridges and Maclay street. When the water is about four feet high a canoeist who has to depend on a paddle has one deuce of a time to get through the raft channel at the Maclay street riffles, the current is so terrific; but a canoe fitted out with a sail rides through the narrow waterway as easily and gracefully as a swan. Sailing in a canoe is real sport, for there's always the chance of an upset and a swim ashore, but there are dozens of girls who take chances the same as the hoys who frequent the river. Even when the water was high last month sails (lotted the river nearly every hour of the day. • ♦ • Visitors to the city yesterday In cluded Senator E. W. Patton, who rep resents the West Philddelpnla district in the Senate. The senator is said to have a constituency representing more homes than any one in the State. WELL KNOWN PEOPLE ~ —A. E. Borie, the new heacr of the Sharon munitions plant, Is a former vice president of the Bethlehem Steel Company. —C. C. Sterling is the new post master at Masontown. —Joseph McGlaughlin. one of the vice presidents of the Federation of Catholic Societies, is a Pennsyivanlan. —Or. Stanley M. Rinehart, the Pittsburgh physician, is recovering from a severe illness. —Nathan Everitt, the Northampton silk manufacturer. Is buying plants in Lackawanna county. —Frank I. Gowen, of Philadelphia, has been on an extended western trip. DO YOU KNOW That Harrishurg has some pretty good organizations that oould serve as starting points for na tional defense? A Two Name Note Banks regard the "two name note" as an excellent form of security. In much the same way a stand ard trade marked product sold through a reputable dealer offers this same form of security to the purchasers. Two names are behind it. The dealer Is always ready to make good and the manufactur er Is equally anxious to support his good name. 1.,05s to purchasers is impos sible. Look over this newspaper for the names of standard articles and the dealers who sell them. , \ SECOND FLY CONT3ST of the Civic Club for 1915. Augi>t lit to September 35th. Five cents ■ pint tor all (Ilea, and ! many prices In gold.