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Harrisburg telegraph. [volume] (Harrisburg, Pa.) 1879-1948, September 01, 1915, Image 6

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RARRISBURG TELEGRAPH
Establisktd rf|/
PUBLISHED BY
THE TELEGRAPH PiUSTTKG CO.
E. J. STACKPOLB
Prtridtm and BdiUr-im*Ckitf
r. R. OYBTBR
Stcretary
OUS M. 6TEINMETZ
Managing Editor
Published every evening (except Sun
day) at the Telegraph Building, Sit
Federal Square. Both phones.
Member American Newspaper Publish
ers' Association. Audit Bureau of
Circulation and Pennsylvania Associ
ated Dailies.
Eastern Office. Fifth Avenue Building,
New York City, Hasbrook. Story A
Brooks.
Western Office, Advertising Building,
Chicago, 111., Allen St Ward.
Delivered by carriers at
<BSl5Esr six cents a week.
Mailed to subscribers
at <3.00 a year in advance.
Entered at the Post OfTlce in Harris
burg, Pa., as second class matter.
loon dally average circulation for the
three months ending Aug. 31, 1913
★ 21,083 ★
Average for the year 1914 —21.88S
Average for the rear 1915—19.063
Average for the year 1912—19,049
Aversge for the year 1911—17,ft63
Average for the year 1910—10JS1
The above flgarea are act. All re
turned, unsold aad damaged copies de
parted.
WEDNESDAY EVENING, SEPT. 1
Thought it the soul of act.—
Browning.
DEMOCRATIC JANGLING
THE sweet bells of Democratic
harmony are jangling sadly out
of tune. The announcement that
F. B. Lynch. Democratic national
committeman from Minnesota, is the
Wilson choice for national chairman
is immediately followed by the posi
tive declaration of Chairman W. F.
McCombs and his friends that he
will decline to give up the job. De
velopments will be watched with in
terest by Republicans who have seen
this split between the President and
his erstwhile campaign manager
growing wider with the passing of the
months.
The trouble between McCombs and
the President is said to be due to the
latter's failure to Include McCombs in
the cabinet list. McCombs managed
President Wilson's preconvention
campaign in 1911 and 1912. Largely
on the strength of the victory at Bal
timore, where he was in personal
charge of the Wilson forces, he was
unanimously chosen chairman of the
Democratic national committee to suc
ceed Norman E. Mack, of Buffalo.
Efforts of the President's group of
personal advisers, headed by Sec
retary Tumulty, to elevate National
Committeeman Lynch, of Minnesota,
to the chairmanship in place of Mc-
Combs may be met with a hot fight
in Minnesota.
McCombs has not been in favor at
the White House for some time and
if he chooses to use his abilities as a
campaigner against the administration
with the same force and intelligence
he displayed In bringing about the
nomination and election of President
Wilson the effect will be of far
reaching importance In the next Presi
dential election.
CHASIN' BR'ER FOX
CHASING the Russian army across
plains of Muscovy," observes the
Baltimore American, "seems al
most as easy as chasin' Br'er Fox
down the long stretch of the East'n
ShoV
And, the American might have
added', well nigh as fruitless. Chas
ing a fox and catching one are quite
two different things, as any hunter
who rides to hounds will tell you.
The Russian hosts appear quite as
elusive as the Maryland fox. If the
fox be captured at the end of a long
run, all well and good, «but if he es
capes then the chase has been in vain
and the burden of bootless effort has
been placed on the hunter. This applies
to the campaign in Russia quite as
much as to fox chasing along the
aforementioned East'n Sho*.
INTEREST IN PREPAREDNESS
PENNSYLVANIA mustered a total
of 10,500 officers and enlisted
men at the annual encampments
this year, the largest number In the
hUtory of the Guard. This dis
proves the old idea that the National
Guard was designed for fair weather
only and would shrink in mem
bership with the prospect of actual
service. With the country for half
the summer on the brink of hostilities
with a very powerful nation abroad
or facing a possible Invasion of Mex
ico, the Guardsmen turned out in rec
ord-breaking numbers in their desire
to be prepared so far as they were
able for whatever might be required
of them.
This spirit has pervaded the whole
country, radiating from that great
center of volunteer activity at Platts
burg, and it is extending into every
walk of lite.
The announcement through the
Public Ledger that the Pennsylvania
Railroad Is maturing a plan whereby
100,000 of Its employes may become
trained soldiers ready to stepf into the
ranks of the United States army
should a foreign foe Invade these
shores Is an evidence of the earnest
ness with which the new idea has
been received by those in high places
and the willingness of this great cor
poration to give each of its men a
month's vacation to be spent at Platta-'
burg or at one of the other camps
•tire to be established ought to be
«opi«d by business organisations large
WEDNESDAY EVENING.
and small the country over. It is a
good indication when large financial j
interests stand ready to make their
sacrifices along with the private qlti
zen for the benefit of' the country as
a whole.
TOO MANY ROBBERIES'
TERE ' have been entirely too
many robberies in Harrlsburg
in recent months and entirely
too few convictions of the guilty per
sons.
*
There is a fault in our police system
somewhere. Probably it is in the
lack of patrolmen. Chief Hutchison
repeatedly has reported to council the
inadequacy of his present force. It
Is true, as he has said, that the city
is growing much more rapidly than the
membership of the police department.
If there is any other defect of which
the Colonel knows he need not fear
to speak out. The people in general
lookuponhlmasdolnghls best with the
force at hand, but this best will not
do if robberies and assaults are to
continue.
We must have a safe city. If the in
struments with which the city govern
ment has provided the chief are not
sufficient to produce that result then
It is up to the chief to clear his skirts
by putting the matter up to council.
Colonel Hutchison in the past has
demonstrated his ability to act vigor
ously and courageously. He ought to
feel It his duty to speak freely now.
WIPING OUT ARMY POSTS
IT required a hurricane down Texas
way to wipe out one of the 176
little army posts in which our tiny
Regular Army is stationed over the
land. We timidly suggest that a few
more such storms might not be un
profitable to the nation at large, how
ever disastrous they might be to the
localities immediately adjacent to the
military stat'ons.
In the early Indian days these far
flung posts with their little detach
ments of armed men were necessities
to the safety of the settlers. But that
day Is long since gone. The scattered
posts now merely appeal to. local
pride and local business. They are
detrimental to the efficiency and disci
pline of the army as a whole and
they could be for the most part
abolished at a great saving of money
to the country and with proportional
improvement to all branches of the
service. But it will take a bigger
hurricane In Congress than that
which recently demolished the Texas
post to bring about the very desirable
change.
WAR ORDERS
WE have been so busy recording
the receipt of war orders of
gigantic proportions that we
have failed, almost, to note the declin
ation of similar orders to the amount
of about $150,000,000 by manufactur
ers who could not make the produc
tion and sale of death-dealing instru
ments harmonize with their views of
peace.
Never in the history of the world
has business of such magnitude been
rejected for like reasons. It is a good
sign when much maligned "big busi
ness" representatives place their con
sciences before dividends. Also it Is
a refutation of the old saying that a
corporation has no soul and that cap
ital worships only the dollar.
We may moralize as we will on the
much discussed sale of arms to bellig
erents, but we cannot but admire the
men who have declined to enter Into
what they regard as contracts of
doubtful nature In order to keep their
mills running during an unusually dull
year.
THE GERMAN HOBBLE
THE German Government Isn't at
all afraid of the devastating ef
fect of the hobble skirt on the
male portion of Its population, having
ordered dressmakers to stick to that
model as a means of conserving the
fast diminishing supply of garment
making material. But more than that,
It isn't afraid to trifle with feminine
fancy any more than it is with mas
culine morality. The new order in all
livelihood will have the effect of mak
ing every German woman worthy of
the name desire to wear hoop-skirts
and a bustle. It will be interesting to
note whether or not the Kaiser can
cope with the ladles at home as capa
bly as with his enemies abroad. If it
should turn out that the mandate can
be made effective we suggest that he
try shortening 'em up to the knees,
thus conserving longitudinely as well
ias latitudinaily, as It were.
GOOD PUBLICITY MATERIAL
WHENEVER a publlo speaker
lacks a genuinely Instructive
topic or desires a little news
paper publicity he solemnly tells his
audience that "the human race is de
generating," thereby making timid
ones among his hearers gasp and
examine themselves for "symptoms"
and at the same time setting the pen
cils of sensation hunting reporters to
scribbling. It Is a fine old standby;
a never-falling life-preserver when
the ship of oratorical ability busts a
shaft and goes careening towards the
rocks.'
Some times it is cancer that Is to
carry the race to destruction. Again
it is Intemperance. At another time
it Is Insanity. Almost any old ailment
that the human race Is heir to makes
a fine little boogaboo when togged out
In picturesque rhetorical garb and
applied to all mankind. It has fallen
to Dr. E. Edwin Lee, professor of
chemistry of Allegheny college, to
combine 'em all in one grand shocker
designed to blow us all into early
graves and leave' the earth to the more
fortunate and lens afflicted lower
animals.
"The human race Is faat degener
ating due to chronio diseases with
which ecifpso la unable to comb#.t."
he told an assemblage of school teach- |
ers in Pittsburgh yesterday. "Every
generation grows weaker," he says,
"and chronic ailments gain greater
headway."
Now we understand why In the
older days Atlas could hold the world
on his shoulders, why Hercules was
able to do his eight-hour stunt In the
Augean stables, why Sampson had no
difficulty In upsetting a more or less
hefty temple and how It Is that we
poor mortals of these later degenerate
days find It irksome even to tote home
the family market basket or help run
the washing machine. We're not to
blame. It s all the fault of this awful
chronic degeneracy. Nobody can be
censured for lack of energy or lazi
ness. If you are perpetually tired
blame only the processes of nature,
over which even science has no con
trol. How comforting!
TELEGRAPH'S PERISCOPE
—We don't mind the frost on the
pumpkin, but we do object seriously
to it on the watermelon.
—Appearances of the toy shops
would Indicate that Santa Claus has
removed his manufacturing plants
from Germany to Japan.
—Our idea of the best Joke of the
season is Georgia's motto—"Wisdom,
justice, moderation."
—The warriors of the gridiron, are
getting ready to push the European
generals over on the second page.
—We find In our list of publications
for review an automobile tour book,
but as sender neglected to enclose an
automobile we are unable to pass upon
Its merits.
—ln planning to turn the current
into the River Wall lamps on the first
night of the municipal celebration the
electric Company is not trying to
"make light" of the affair..
EDITORIAL COMMENT ~
The peace-at-any-prlce movement Is
making alarming headway. Only two
men were killed and one wounded in
the Kentucky primary.—Charleston
News and Courier.
Carranza's warning amounts to this,
that he will not permit his country to
be disturbed. "Do not feed or annoy
the Mexicans,' as it were.—New York
Evening Sun.
Before Anally making up his mind to
stand in the way of pacification, Car
ranza ought to note the fact that resi
dence in Europe is growing more and
more disagreeable and expensive.
Chicago Herald.
It may be true that It was Noah In
stead of Adam who ate of the forbid
den fruit, but Adam's vindication comes
rather too late to be of any assistance
to him in living down the reputation.—
Nashville Southern Lumberman.
China wants to buy submarines here
on credit. I. O. U.-boats, so to speak.
—Columbia State.
Germany Is boasting that she has no
Siberia. She hasn't any Southwest
Africa. either.—Philadelphia North
American.
I
BETTER NATIONAL DEFENSE
[From Farm Life.]
We are naturally and instinctively
against militarism. We are opposed to
having our sons taught the trade of
soldiering. We do not like the endless
and inevitable expense of a big stand
ing army. We are for peace, not at
"any price," but at any reasonable
price.
Yet—and but—and however—the les
son of this European war has been
plain, ana easy to read. The unpre
pared countries have not made a good
showing In the field. National valor
cannot stand up successfully against
machine guns.
The United States at present would
be pitifully helpless to make war
against a first class military power. In
the event of such a war we would be
shamed and humiliated before we could
get our fighting forces equipped and
In the field.
We should make some preparation
for the future. We should have a
nucleus for an army. We should have
more and better submarines and aero
planes—more extensive coast defenses.
We don't want to fight, but a rich
country like this cannot afford to re
main permanently helpless.
THE CONQUEST OF TETANUS
"No tetanus this Fourth o'f July" is
the slogan of the United States Public
Health Service. It is within the power
of the American public to bring this
desirable condition to pass. In 1903
there were 417 Fourth of July victims
of tetanus or lockjaw. By li) 09 the
number had been reduced to 130. Lasv
year there were only three fatalities
from this cause. The blank cartridge,
popularly considered harmless, is de
clared by experts to be the chief cause
of tetanus. When it makes a wound
the wadding carries into the tissues a
multitude of bacilli which give off poi
sonous products. These bacilli thrive
only where there Is oxygen. The value
of antitetanic serum has been demon
strated. but to be effective it must be
administered as soon as possible after
the receipt of the injury. Government
health authorities urge parents to see
that all bla,nk cartridge wounds are
given prompt attention. None is too
trivial for treatment. The efficacy of
scientific treatment Is shown by the
fact that whereas In 1903 one case of
tetanus developed to every four wounds
reported from blank cartlrdges. in 1914
there was only one case of every forty
Injuries of the kind. A dozen years
ago the preventive serum" was not gen
erally utilized. To-day ample supplies
are kept on hand by public health bu
reaus for free distribution and patients
are attended to without delay.
Warnings for the prevention of
Fourth ol July accidents that are pub
lished immediately before the day we
celebrate are apt to receive scant at
tention. The time to plan for "safetv
first" Is now. The "deadly toy pistol"
deserves the unenviable distinction as
much as ever. The caps which form its
ammunition as well as the blank car
tridges for larger weapons play their
fatal part by aiding the spread of te
tanus. A Fourth of July without a
single ease of tbe dreaded disease
which we have come to associate with
the patriotic holiday would be a signal
achievement.
TO DAN CUPID
Dear Dan—Where are you nowadays?
We used to like your sportive ways,
When with your darts and little bow
You took pot-shots at high and low!
We even took It in good part
Though now and then a flying dart
Struck stinging home. "Twas pleas
ant when
The tiny wound was healed again.
But now the arrows are ao rare
That once seemed flying everywhere!
Perhaps you need to-day. my son,
A modern rapid-fire gun.
The times are changed. No longer slow
Our youth are never still, you know.
So If you'd add hearts to your string
You'll have to hit them on the wing!
But whether bow or gun you wield,
We hope to see you take the field
For life is rather dull and gray
Without you and your sportive play.
When you your mother Venus see,
With kindly words remember me:
And while this mortal life endures,
ru sign myself, sincerely yours.
as-Tudor Jenkt In Judge.
BXFRttBURG Uftjjft) TELEGRAPH
'PotcttCO- Mi.
'Pf.KKOifttfCUUa
By the g»-Oowunltt« r man
The Philadelphia mayoralty situ
ation, the moat Important to the Re
publicans In the whole State, appears
to be clearing up. Thomas B. Smith,
former postmaster, now a Public Ser
vice Commissioner, filed a nominating
petition and announced his candidacy.
So did Commissioner John Monaghan.
j Congressman Vare has not yet taken
down his papers, but It is now gen
erally believed that harmony has been
effected.
In announcing the developments o(
last night the Philadelphia Press says:
"Thomas B. Smith recently appointed
Public Service Commissioner by Gov
ernor Brumbaugh on the recommen
dation of Congressman Williams S.
Vare and Senator Edwin H. Vare, yes
terday afternoon announced himself a
"full-fledged candidate" for the Re
publican nomination, hopeful of "sup
port of all elements of the party." He
took this action immediately after
publicity was given to a night letter
sent by Governor Brumbaugh to City
Committee Chairman David H. Lane
—a letter destined to become historic
In political annals—ln which the gov
ernor after defining the type of man
who should be chosen by Republican
ism to become Chief Executive of
Philadelphia, and after speclflcally
saylng "1 have no candidate" con
cludes the decision that if the choice
of the people "is an appointive officer
of the State government,' he would
regret but not oppose the choice. In
view of the fact that Governor Brum
baugh appointed Commissioner Smith
under the condition that he should
not be a candidate for public position,
and that Commissioner Smith accept
ed with the further condition that
such candidacy would not be without
the Governor's consent, the letter writ
ten by the governor yesterday gives
Commissioner Smith gubernatorial
backing as a candidate."
—The Philadelphia Inquirer says:
"The Governor in what will be re
garded as a message of far-reaching
importance and significance political
ly, emphasizes his keen interest in the
success of the Republican party, not
only in the city, but in the Nation,
and evinces a spirit of hearty co-oper
ation in the efforts of Republicans rep
resenting all elements of the party to
bring about the nomination of a can
didate for Mayor whose selection will
mean a decisive Republican victory.
—From all accounts the second reg
istration day in the third class cities
was very much of an average. The
registration except for the pronounced
return to the party movement was un
eventful and the Republican registra
tion appeared to predominate general
ly. The situation in Harrisburg was
the situation in practically every third
class city.
Councilmanic contests In the Second
and third class cities are going to be
the sharpest known in years this Fall.
The type of men registered in most
of the cities is high and the interest is
very keen. In Pittsburgh there will be
the greatest political battle In years.
Reading, Wilkes-Barre, Erie, Johns
town and other cities have strenuous
contests for councilmanic honors
ahead.
- —One of the most significant things
in the western counties, politics has
been the manner in wnich the superior
court judge battle has been taken
up. In practically every county
the booms of Judges Orlady
and Head have been pushed,
but at the same time there Is a move
on for ex-Judge W. D. Wallace, of
New Castle. In the East there is a
move for J. Henry Williams, of Phila
delphia, for the third place.
—County Commissioner J. Denny
O'Neil, of Allegheny, was given a re
ception and a parade yesterday at Tar
entum. O'Neil is very strong in the
county and his friends say that'in spite
of the combination against him he is
going to make a fine showing. Friends
of the commissioner say he will win
easily.
—There was a good bit of suppress
ed excitement at the Reading third
class city convention yesterday. It
was the last day to file papers and the
city officials at the convention had
their minds on home conditions. Many
of them used the telephone wires
hard.
—The Harrtsburg city Democratic
committee appears to be In favor at
the Central Democratic club again.
The committee has been called to
meet at the Central headquarters to
night to plan the campaign.
—The Washington party of North
umberland county failed to file any
nominating petitions yesterday, the
last legal day for that purpose. Dem
ocrats and Republicans are but 300
votes apart in registering this year,
and it is said that overtures were be
ing made by both sides to the Wash
ington party leaders to indorse candi
dates, but that they declined.
THE WET TOWN PASSES
[Atlantic (la.) News-Telegraph.]
The crowd in the city on a recent
public holiday came from all direc
tions. They came from within twen
ty miles of Des Moines; they came
from within fifteen miles of Council
Bluffs and Omaha. They came to see
the circus. Knowing that Atlantic
does not have open saloons, they
came, eight thousands of them, in
motor cars they have chosen tu buy
for themselves and their families in
stead of buying whisky, and they had
a good splendid show, decent and so
ber, and to-day they are on the Job
again with a song on their lips And a
light in their eyes, imbued with the
Joy of living.
Did anyone ever hear of such a
crowd during the saloon period here?
Did anyone see as many well dressed
people, or as many expensive motor
cars drawn up along the curb, during
the time ten thirst parlors here helped
to make beasts of men and over their
polished bars took the money that be
longed to their wives and children?
Hardly.
If the wet town draws the people,
why was It that many people nearer
Des Moines than here, came to At
lantic, where there are no saloons. In
stead of going to Des Moines, where
there are saloons to-day? And, like
wise the people from near Council
Bluffs? Why did they leave a wet
town to come to a dry one? Why?
Because, whether the booze adherents
want to admit It or not, the popular
ity of the wet town is passing.
TWO LITLLE PIGS MILKED THE
COWS
The following Is taken from the cur
rent Issue of Farm and Fireside:
"Our cows had been failing off In
their milk supply for several days, and
we could not acoount for it until two
little rascally pigs were caught In the
act of milking tnem. When the cows
were driven past their pen after that
the pigs would stand upon their hind
legs and squeal for them to stop.
Pome pictures were taken of the 'milk
ers' without abashing
lrast, and after they had been photo
graphed they had to be driven away
from the cows with sticks."
THE VALUE OF WISDOM
Through wisdom is an house bullded;
and by understanding It li established;
and by knowledge shall the chambers be
filled with all precious and pleasant,
riches.—Provejb xxiv, 1 and 4
THE CARTOON OF THE DAY |
THE AWAKENING OF RIF VAN WINKLE
—From the Cleveland Plain Dealer.
COTTON AND POWDER
By Frederic J. Haskir
That snowy lint of the southern cot-,
ton fields has been busy of late In
the precipitation of international
complications because, Innocent as it
appears, it has but to be treated with
a little nitrate when it becomes the
best gunpowder that the world can
produce.
While the early stages of the war
In Europe threatened to bring calam
ity upon the growers of cotton be
cause it interfered with its manufac
ture into cloth, its use in explosives
has largely counteracted the falling
off of sales and the experts now state
that the growers of the great staple
are to-day better off than they would
have been if there had been peace.
Cotton Very Vital
In which connection it becomes in
teresting to point out just, how vital
cotton is in the making of modern
war and Just what have been the cir
cumstances back of its continued posi
tion in the limelight. For, despite the
quantities of argument pro and con
with relation to placing it on the con
traband list, there seems to have
been no authoritative pronouncement
as to just the part it plays in the
manufacture of powder.
But these facts are obtainable, hav
ing been furnished by no less author
ities than the official powder-makers
of the United States. For many years
it has been the practice of those com
mittees of Congress having to do
with the military branches of the gov
ernment to call before them repre
sentatives of the DuPont Powder
Company, which makes most of the
smokeless for the United States, and
the experts of the Navy Department
HIGHER COST OF GOVERNMENT
fFrom the Pittsburgh Dispatch.]
A bulletin just issued by the Census
Bureau, showing the Increasing cost
of government, national, Slate, county
and municipal, during the decade
1903-13. is startling In its percentages.
In that period the revenues of the
Federal Government Increased 45 per
cent., while the expenditures in
creased 54.5 per cent. State govern
ments. notwithstanding an increase of
94.3 per cent, in revenues, were un
able to keep pace with the growths
in expenditures for governmental cost,
which was 105.9 per cent. Nor did
county governmental cost lag. With
an increase of revenues of 85.8 per
cent., their expenditures grew 95.2 per
cent. Municipalities, including towns
of 8,000 population and over, increased
their revenues 98.3 per cent, and their
expenditures 103.2.
The Federal Government in 1913 was
the only one where revenues were not
less than expenditures. It has a sur
plus of about $1,000,000, or one-tenth
of 1 per cent, of the revenues. The
States had a deficit of $15,000,000, or
4 per cent, of the revenues, the coun
ties were in a similar hole, while the
cities and towns staggered under a
deficit of $129,000,000, or 13 per cent,
of the revenues.
NO BIG TEXTILE MAW. OF COURSE
[From Fibre and Fabric.]
Probably because textiles are likely
to be one of the most important Items
in South American trade with the Unit
ed States, no prominent textile man has
been appointed to the commission to
study the development of Pan-American
trade. Of course not our industry is
not English enough to suit the powers
that-be at Washington. It would be a
shame to allow a word In favor of
American textiles when foreign eompe
tion is so favored.
Our Daily Laugh
THE MAI*
VT > LfJX MATTER.
Tour witm
rj?seems busy these
pwrol c Yes: she Is to
address a wom
wf i I ,Ln ' ,
■N I I Ah, working on
M 1 address.
BTTRB. |
So yon play |. *
ball? What nine? iiXV. >
Ca-nine. r n ffk/ jtxwt
ACROSS THE COUNTRY
By Win* Dinger
This afternoon I will attend
The special demonstration
Of the Bell Telephone Company,
When clear across the nation
The Governor of this good old State
Will send a word of greeting
To many local citizens
Who will attend the meeting.
From San Francisco land, at noon,
He'U talk, and It's been reckoned
That for his voice to reach our ears
'Twill take one-fifteenth second.
And yet because the time out there
Is different, e'en though he'll talk
At noon, we folks who wait In here
Won't hear his voice 'till three 'clock.
I told my kids about the stunt—
Tc them It seemed quite hazy,
And with their questions by- the score
I They've got me darned near crazy.
For they cam understand Just why
I won't hear him 'till three, though
His voice In one-fifteenth second
,W(U 'cross the country flee, bf
SEPTEMBER 1, 1915.'
which operates a plant at Indian
Head, down the river from the city
of Washington, -and to quiz those
gentlemen as to the facta of powder
manufacture.
Smokeless 00 Per Cent. Cotton
The president of the DuPont Corp
pany always talked very freely. Ac
cording to his statements smokeless
powder is nearly 90 per cent, cotton.
There is little in it but cotton, and a
small amount of nitrate. This forms
a mixture that is of such a nature
that when it burns the two substances
unite, each using the other up so
completely that nothing remains.
There is not even a sufficient residue
to make a bit of smoke.
The Navy experts give facts with
relation to powder manufacture that
substantiate other authorities. They
say that powder is made of cotton and
nitrate. They state that, during the
years that preceded the outbreak of
the present war, the government was
using 4,000,000 pounds of cotton an
nually in the manufacture of smoke
less powder. Cotton was the basis of
all government smokeless.
How Powder's Made
The facts with relation to the
method of manufacture are interest
ing. The first step in the process is
to break up the fibrous condition of
the cotton. The fiber is treated with
ether and alcohol to accomplish that
purpose. Under the influence of these
it assumes a Jelly-like consistency.
The ether and alcohol have no place
in the ultimate product and are
evaporated oft after they have served
' [Continued on Page B.]
I The State From Day to Day]
v *
Patriotism Is still a vital force, in
spite of the contrary belief of glooms.
Witness the recent canoe carnival held
near Lancaster In which various
martial scenes were represented. Co
lumbia. Betsy Ross and the Goddess of
Liberty all received prominence, and
were enthusiastically received, accord
ing to the Lancaster Examiner.
« • •
Charles M. Schwab, the steel king,
receives crredit In the Johnstown
Leader for contributing liberally to the
erection of a new chapel at Mt. Aloysius
Academy. This recalls a little inci
dent which happened back In 1901. with
the same Mr. Schwab as hero. At that
time he paid off a large portion of the
debt on a certain church, leaving only
$6,000 unpaid. His generosity so stirred
the emotions of the female contingent
of the church that two hundred of them
held a mass meeting and determined to
repay the dear man with kisses. Mr.
Schwab was so elated with his recep
tion that he Immediately wrote out a
check for the remainder of the debt.
• • •
The Erie Dispatch, whose veracity we
have no reason to doubt, tells of a
lively athlete. 100 years old, who turns
handsprings, vaults over fences, and
smokes and drinks at will. 'Taint
natcheral, that's all!
« • »
Likewise from Erie, this time from
the Times, comes the information that
five sweet girl graduates of Geneva
high school will accept positions as let
ter-carriers. Merely anothy Indication
of the truth that women can have any
thing she wants.
• • •
"Howard Aughlnhaugh, of Rouzer
vllle, caught the shaved and greased
pig at the fortieth anniversary cele
bration of Pen Mar Park after a whirl
wind chase of fifteen minutes."—Cham
bersburg Valley Spirit.
• • •
Hagerstown is very much disturbed
by the probable presence of a leper in
its midst. A wild man, believed to be
Grable. an escaped leper, was captured
and held in custody, says the Dally
Mail. Harrlsburg's most recent experi
ence with lepers occurred several years
ago, when a Chinese leper, Incarcerated
in an isolated house outside the city,
was converted to Christianity through
the efforts of a Christian worker in the
city.
COAL FROM THE ARCTIC
[From the Chicago Journal.}
A few years ago the Idea of getting
coal from Spitsbergen, one of the most
desolate islands of the Arctic Ocean,
was a topic for romancers. Now it Is a
fact of considerable moment in many
of the world's markets. A single com
pany, financed chiefly by American
capital, mined nearly 40,000 tons of coal
from Spitzbergen last year.
The deposit of fuel in the Far North
is said to be singularly easy to work.
It comes In a single seam about four
feet thick, stretching along the coast
for thlrtv miles. The surrounding rock
Is so solid that timbering is not need
ed. The temperature is always below
the freezing point In the present work
ings. which does away with the need oi
J tumps. In fact, the only real difficulty
■ that of getting men—and motion pic
tures have gone far to solve that prob
lem.
Yet for every ton of coal In Spitz
bergen there are ten In Alaska of at
least equal quality, closer to a hungry
market. The Arctic zone won't make
a real dent in the fuel market till our
big Northwest territory gets In action.
BEKORR AND AFTER
Imports entered at thirteen principal
customs districts of the United States
for the week ending August 7. 1915.
were valued at $34,294,000; duty col
lected thereon, 13,432,000. an average
ad valorem duty of 10 per cent., com
pared with an annual average ad va
lorem of 17.6 per cent, under Republi
can law.
The New York Times Annalist Index
Number on wholesale prices of twenty
five leading articles of food for the first
week In August, 1915. was 145.17. com
pared with 138.7 for the first week In
August, 1913. under Republican law.
The Index Number for the year 1914
was 146.7 compared with 139.98 for the
year 1913.
The net balance in the general fund
of the National Treasury dropped to
158,431,490 during the week ending
Saturday, August 14. compared with
over $130,000,000 two years ago. The
< deficit from July 1 to August If was
1t34.7U.84t.
Abetting (Eljat
Construction of the dormitory at tha
Harrisburg Academy la stimulating
interest In the school on the part of
the alumni and It Is being manifested
In a manner that will not only enhance
sentimental regard for the Academy,
but also perpetuate the names of
those who have been prominent among
Its students and supporters.
the plan of the alumni, contributions!
are being gathered for furnishing
dormitory on the room plan. The cost
of equipping each room has been
worked out and donations covering
the cost are being made. It is the
idea to place on the door of each
room a brass plate giving the name
of the donor of the furnishing fund.
There are in Harrishurg a number of
families whose sons have attended the
school, some for a couple of gen
erations, and in this way names which
have appeared on the lists of students
for many years will l>e found In tlio
buildings, Just as In colleges the names
of donors are placed over lintels or
Inside vestibules. This plan was
adopted in the furnishing of rooms
in the new home of the Young Worn
: en's Christian Association and will be
followed at the Academy so that
future generations may see the names
of families who took an Interest In
the Institution in its present revival
or which have been represented In the
student body.
• • •
The cool evenings of the last days
of August started an early boom in
the buying of Fall clothing such as
underwear, top shoes, light overcoats
and so on, according to merchants In
the central part of the city. In one
sporting goods store the swimming
suit and the canoe equipment already
have given way to the football and
the heavy sweater. Nearly all tha
haberdasheries are showing the latest
Fall neckwear and the shoe stores
and hat stores are displaying the
latest models. In the women's suit
ings sections of the department stores
crowds of prospective buyers can be
seen looking over the new shades and
cuts at almost any time during the
day, and as for women's hats—they've
been the proper thing for the last
three weeks. »
• • *
Members of the Millersburg Motor
Club who were in Harrisburg to-day
on their way to Hershey for their an
nual picnic are among the most ag
gressive motorists in the State. On
Good Roads Day they were out by the
dozen in the Lykens Valley and their
wives and sweethearts joined in pro
viding them with lunch along the
roads where they were at work. They
are very much interested and are co
operating with the Motor Club of Har
risburg In an effort to procure right
of way for a State highway along the
bed of the old. canal along the base of
the mountain between Millersburg and
Dauphin. They will also join next ses
sion in an endeavor to have the Legis
lature appropriate money for the erec
tion of a bridge across the Susque
hanna at the upper end of the county.
« » •
Well drillers are drilling a couple
of wells In the Allison Hill section of
the city and this calls to mind that
recently in spite of the excellent water
wells are by no means out of use in
the city. Probably half a dozen wells
have been drilled in Harrisburg in the
last two years. One of the wells in
use is right in the central part of tho
city, having been drilled in the yard
of the Commonwealth Hotel about
twenty years since.
Inquiry at the Capitol fails to
that there is anything like the whole
sale enlistment of men for special coal
and iron policemen for steel works
and coal mines and similar plants just
now that many people believe. Even
the Bethlehem Steel Company, which
is a center of war order activity, has
not materially added to its guarding
force. Less than a dozen men have
been commissioned for that company
by the State in the last two months.
In that time ten men have been com
missioned of railroads or manufactur
ing companies in Dauphin county.
WELL KNOWN PEOPLE
—Attorney General Brown Is look
ing forward to his annual hunting trip
this Fall, feeling that he earned It
during the year.
—Mayor Jermyn, of Scranton, is
said to have Washington ambitions.
—Dr. Henry S. Drinker, president
of Lehigh, is a advocate of na
tional preparedness.
—Dr. R. M. Russel, president of
Westminster College, is to be given
a reception when he leaves to enter
work at Chicago.
DO YOU KNOW ~
That Harrisburg Is making appli
ances for Panama canal repairs?
HISTORIC HARRISBURG
John Harris secured the ferry right
in 1753.
IN HARRISBURG FIFTY YEARS [
AGO TO-DAY |
[From the Telegraph Sept. t, 1865.]
To Have Charge of Academy
The Rev. F. A. Barnltz, of this city,
has been appointed to take charge of
the Mlddletown Academy.
To Speak Again To-night
Professor Alex. Crummel, the noted
colored lecturer will speak again this
evening in the South street church.
Fifty-Fifth Here To-day
The fifty-fifth regiment arrived in
this city to-day. The soldiers In this
regiment fought In many of the most
Important battles of the war.
* \
Put Newspapers First
"Results are obtained by qual
ity first and then the use of the
daily newspapers."
This Is the explanation given
by a large producer of a food
product for the success of his
brand.
It is a brand known and sold -
by name the continent over. I
The man behind it has tried
every kind of advertising plan
there ever was, and has given
up about everything except
newspapers.
Year after year his advertising
keeps up and his sales grow.
The Bureau of Advertising.
American Newspaper Publishers
Association, World Building, New
York, will gladly give any man
ufacturer further information on
this campaign.
N
SECOND FLY CONTEST
of the Civic Club for 1915.
AHCUt Ist to September lltk,
Fin cents ■ pint for all flies, *ad
■uar prises la sold.
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