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HARRISBURG TELEGRAPH' Established rtjx | PUBLISHED BT THE TELEGRAPH PRINTING CO. E. J. STACK POLE President and Editor-in-Chief F. R. OYSTER Secretary GUS M. STEINMETZ Managing Editor Published every erenlng (except Bun day) at the Telegraph Building, JIB Federal Square. Both phones. Member American Newspaper Publish ers' Association. Audit Bureau of Circulation and Pennsylvania Associ ated Dallies. Eastern Office, Fifth Avenue Building, New York City, Hasbrook. Story A Brooks. Western Office, Advertising Building, Chicago. 111., Allen & Ward. Delivered by carriers at <Tnfm*.kTiTT> six cents a week. Mailed to subscribers j •t $3.00 a year In advance. Entered at the Post OfTlce In Harris burg, Pa., as second class matter. Sworn rlnlly average circulation for the three months cmllng; Aug. 31, 1013 ★ 21,083 ★ Averasre for the year 1014—21.88S Average tor the year 1913 —10.OM Average for the year 101-—10,649 Average for the year 1911—17,8(13 Average tor the year 1010—10,201 The above figures are Bet, All !'•- ' turned, unsold and damaged copies de ducted. — ■ 1 SATURDAY EVENING, SEIT. 11. 1 CivUnty may be truly said to cost nothing: if it d-oes not meet with a 1 good return, it at least leaves you in the most creditable position.—Beau ] Brummcl. ' t NEW INSURANCE FUND 1 THE whole State is vitally inter- 1 1 ested in plans for the permanent organization of the Workmen's ! Compensation Board, published at 1 come length by the Telegraph yester- j <day. The new law, which will he put into operation on January 1, applies dl- ' rectly or indirectly to practically ! everybody in Pennsylvania, young or old, rich or poor, male or female. , Every wage earner and every em ployer is affected firsthand, and every wage-earner's beneficiary or de- 1 pendents and every person with money | 1 Invested come Indirectly under the ] i •operations of this new law. j. In a measure It may be said to be ! experimental and is therefore of all J 1 the more Interest. In a general way! the operations of the law are pro-< vided for by the statute itself, but to I n large degree it must be worked out! with respect to Its application to In- j dividual instances. Every move thatj ithe new board makes will be watched j jwith keen Interest. More and more] (the Government and the individual are j fbeing drawn together in those inti- j anato relations of life with which gov- ! wmment in the early years of the' •Commonwealth had very little to do. *The new oompensatlon act is another «tep in this direction. URGES SHTP PURCHASE 811/ I, THE President has ordered the Interstate Commerce Commis- j sion to investigate the transpor-1 tation facilities and rates between this country and foreign nations. He ex pects to use the information in his re newed fight for a government-owned merchant marine. There is a strong legal question as to whether the In terstate Commerce Commission has a right to inquire into the necessity for the governmental purchase, financing or operation of a merchant marine. But, whether the action is legal or not, it goes to show the dogged per sistence of the President. The ship purchase bill was never demanded by | any party platform, it never enjoyed the favor of any considerable group of people, it was brought forward as a personal scheme of the President and McAdoo, and by Presidential pressure It was forced through one branch of Congress, only to meet de feat In the Senate through the cour ageous resistance of the Republican minority, aided by a few rational minded Democrats. Since then tho ■businessmen of the country—in whose Interests the President assumes to be acting—have declared emphatically in opposition to the scheme. Yet the President persists; and he •Intends to employ the power and In fluence and activities of any govern mental agency In his attempt to force \ this obnoxious measure through Con gress. SCHWAB WHEN Charles M. Schwab broke away from the United States Bteel Corporation and an ,flounced his intention of "going into business for himself" there were many In the steel business and out of it who predicted failure. "Bucking the trust," they said, "Schwab would find very similar to bucking one's head Against a stone wall." In the light of recent developments (It would he interesting to know wheth er Sch-w&b foresaw the future of Beth rlehem Steel or whether he has sim iply taken advantage of opportunities jus they offered. In this connection 'lt 1s to be remembered that Schwab remarked two years ago, when he did Inot dream the great nations of Eu irope would all be engaged in war, Ithat Bethlehem Steel common some day would sell at S2OO a share. Beth leh«m Steel at that time was not .sought for. In fact, the condition of the stock market wm such in the creator part of 1913 and 1911 that lc- SATURDAY EVENING, HARRISBURG !&&£&s■ TELEGRAPH SEPTTSMgEMF^fgPSL [ trinsic values counted for little. The tendency of everything was downward. Had there been a revival of the I stock market on the constructive side |in 1914, In the absence of the Euro ! I>ean war as a factor, Bethlehem Steel | common on Its record of 28 per cent. \ for two consecutive years on the stock market, might have sold at par, per haps at $l5O. Now Europe virtually turns a stream of gold Into the treasury of the company, which is expected to reach a value equal to SSOO a share on the common in two years on orders al ready booked. Steel manufacturers say Schwab is the best sales agent In the United States. He is not taking business that can be wiped off the books at a moment's notice. Hla con tracts with the allies are Arm, and deliveries on the $250,000,000 of or ders now on hand are assured. What the business of the Bethlehem Steel Corporation will amount to af ter the war is another question. The career of this young captain of the steel industry surpasses even that of Carnegie. Like Carnegie he Is a great ] Individual figure In the Iron world, but he Is solitary, whereas Carnegie con tinually surrounded himself with men some of whom were scarcely second to himself in popular estimation. And Schwab s future is even more in teresting than his past. A QUESTION OF FAIR PLAY UNDER the existing political sys tem there is always more or less play to the galleries, particularly on the part of those who delude them selves with the idea that Lincoln was mistaken in his conclusion that "you can't fool all the people all the i time." i Right here in Harrisburg at the present time there is a little game on , foot to further certain political inter ests by promoting an alleged non partisan combination for City Coun cil. To accomplish the purposes of i the cunning promoters it is planned to misrepresent In every way the Re publican members of the Council, who with their Democratic colleagues, are seeking re-election. So far as possible the people are to have dust thrown in their eyes so that they may not see what is going on. Meanwhile the non partisan ditty is to be warbled In every known key. But it's all a question of fair play and in the last analysis the voters, when they learn the truth, are fair and reasonable. They must investigate for I themselves, however, and then deter mine whether there is any justification for the open, but more frequently the sly. attacks upon the three Republicans who hav« been In charge of the con ' structive departments of the city gov- I ernment during the last two years. It i should be said that these men were ' greatly handicapped during the several j | months at the outset of the commission ' I form of government by the necessary j apportionment of duties and adjust i ment of changed conditions. They were | confronted with serious municipal problems and even their partisan critics are compelled to admit that the working out of these problems was beset with many difficulties. That they have done so well under such trying circumstances has been a mat ter of comment among the officials of | other Pennsylvania cities. It Is, therefore, most unfair and unjust for purely political purposes: and to further the ambitions of others to misrepresent and a-buse the three men constituting the majority of the City Council who have striven, as we believe, to give the city faithful and satisfactory service. Theirs has been j no divided responsibility. Their time i has been devoted entirely to the dls- 1 charge of official duties. Of course, i It will be said that it were better to! hire subordinates to do the work and allow the commissioners to simply direct and supervise their labors, but Harrisburg is in the midst of its great est development, pulsating with enery 1 at every turn, and there is need for constant personal attention by those charged with the administration of Its affairs. It is the unquestioned privilege of others to seek these positions and scheming for political advantage is likely to continue so long as the peo ple rule and the world stands, but ! let the game go on fairly, so far as Harrisburg is concerned, and without misrepresentation of the officials who have achieved so much in so short a time. If Lynch and Taylor and Bow man are not the sort of men to con i duct the city's business, they should be defeated; but let us give these and 1 all our public servants full credit for the good work they do and not dls , courage decent service for the people I by carping criticism. I These men may have made mistakes and In view of the circumstances under ■which they assumed office It would have been remarkable, indeed, If they . had not, but they have a right to be ' conslderad fairly with all the other ' candidates and given a square deal. | The Telegraph has no brief from . these men to champion their cause , and it has no complaint to make of ■ any other candidate, but In the interest of efficient public service it makes here c ! and now this protest against the s | hypocrisy which is cloaked with the -jgarments of "reform." CK By the Er-o)mmltt«em»B Returns already received from var ious cities of the State to-day Indi cate that the registration of voters will be something immense as com pared with other registration days. This is the last registration day In the three classes of cities and as there are local contests In every count- the Interest among party workers is at a high pitch and officials and candidates and prominent men are urging the voters to go out and list their names so that they can take part In the pri mary battle. Generally speaking, the return to the party movement is on in full force all over Pennsylvania and the Repub lican registration is so great in most cities that Democrats and soreheads are trying to excuse it by saying that the people who register Republican now are only doing it to perpetrate va rious nefarious things at the primary. The primary election is juet ten days off and it will be the place where the family differences will be fought out and the party lines drawn Imme diately after for a notable campaign. Thomas B. Smith appears to be giv ing considerable pain to the indepen dent element in Philadelphia because of the manner in which his candidacy ,is being received in the Southern dis [trict of Philadelphia. The Vare men are lining up for him and gave him a great demonstration last rright. W. C. Thomas has been appointed burgess of Weatherly to fill a va cancy. Representative Walter S. Youn&, of Lykens, is a candidate for his old place of justice of the peace again. Ex-Congressman A. Mitchell Pal mer will be a candidate for delegate at large to the Baltimore convention next year according to reports which are going the rounds. Representative William Luxem burger, who Is a candidate for county controller in Lackawanna county is the center of a storm just now. Some Democrats want him out and others demand that he stay in. The Cumberland county judicial contest is commencing to attract at tention throughout the State and a number of men prominent in State politics are watching the outcome. It Is an open secret that the Democratic State bosses failed signally in an ef fort to get the Democrats to agree upon a candidate. Director Porter appears to be get ting into trouble in Philadelphia. They now oharge that a messenger in liis department has been circulating petitions right at his office door. Ex-Mayor John Von Bergen, of Scranton, is a candidate for county commissioner and there is a lively fight being made upon him. The Schuylkill county enrollment in vestigation appears to be demonstrat ing the strength of the return to the party movement. The Republican list is standing up. The contest for judge In Tioga county is on the home stretch and It is predicted that at least four of the candidates will be closelv bunched. Friends of Thomas A.. Crlchton say that his campaign is in good shape. On the outcome of the judicial pri mary in Erie county may hang the appointment of a judge to fill the va cancy caused by the death of Judge Paul A. Benson. EXPLODED S.UOOX THEORIES [From the Kansas City Times.] There was an old theory that saloons I could do anything in cities and still be i safe. The saloon politicians who force i licenses for beer gardens near schools and churches seem to believe in that theory still. But— There was an old theory that South ern States would never go dry. Many of them have. There was a theory, not so very old, that only the country neighborhoods and very small towns of Missouri were against the saloons. On that theory the brewers beat the County Unit bill and kept separate the city and country votes on local option. Nearly every Missouri town and eitv that has voted since that time has voted dry Just the other day Alderman "Hinky Dink" McKenna, of Chicago, wailed sharply that "those 'Dry-Chicago-in -1916' boys will win If we don't step lively." The remarkable growth of the sen timent against the liquor trade has been promoted by nothing so much as by the i stupid bullheadedness of the liquor trade Itself. It is especially stupid and ! bullheaded In the big cities. BI.ISS AND BLISTER fCincinnati Commercial Tribune.] "Courtship is bliss,' said the ardent ! young man. "Yes, and matrimony is i blister," snarled the old bachelor. "THE DAY" I [From the Cincinnati Commercial L Tribune.] t The day to choose your wife is Chooseday. Wed-nesday is the day to | get married, of course. TAFT OX PREPARATION [Cincinnati Tribune.] Ex-President Taft is to be' congrat ulated upon the stand he took in his speech at San Francisco Thursday. While a tense situation existed be tween the United States and the Im perial German Government it was not at all difficult to arouse interest in the discussion of proper preparedness for any emergencies which might arise j in connection with the adjustment of ! future international problems. With i the solution of the dispute with the I Teutonic government many persons j with mercurial temperaments and lacking in continuity of thought will forget the pressing dajiger and flip pantly will say: "Oh, well, it didn't happen! We should worry!" No one of ordinary intelligence ever I has considered Mr. Taft a radical or !an alarmist. A great big man, both mentally and physically, he has ob served, with judicial calm, the trend of events. As Secretary of* War and President he is in position to know the strength and the appalling weaknesses' of every branch of the defense system iof the United States. When he speaks his views carry the backing of abso lute knowledge of the conditions dis cussed and his recommendations cer tainly should be received with respect ful consideration. Certainly there is nothing outstand ingly iconoclastic In tho very modest increases he suggests. For instance , the 20,000 additional sailors simply would make effective the navy which | would stand between this nation and , a foreign invader. Fifty thousand more regulars, which would give the ' country a mobile army of something I like 80,000 men. certainly would not threaten to place the curse of militar > ism upon 100,000,000 freeborn men women. More to the point is his idea 1 concerning the training of civilian of ■ fleers and the popularizing of enlist ments with the'view of building up a strong reserve force ready always to i defend their home land. Even In our present condition none > of the great powers of the earth seem , desirous to tackle conclusions with Un cle Sam. With a symmetrical and ef . flclent navy and a second line of de , fense, consisting of a well-trained cit izen soldiery, not a single one of them s would needlessly provoke a fight. The uost of such a system would be cheap 1 Insurance against the horrors and 'lwms oven of a victorious war. A H6 celebration. m " Father Harr ' B ln the attltud e getting his first glimpse of the dawn of the big municipal TELEGRAPH'S PERISCOPE~| —Dumba has found that It would have been better to remain Just dumb. —Looks as though Mayor Royal might have his eye on his Meals ticket. —No, Maude dear, there Is no truth In the rumor that next year's calen dars will have it labelled as Automo bile Day; for form's sake It will stand as Sunday. —The Red Men are going to prove to John Harris, if perchance, he in spirit pay a visit to his old haunts dur ing the celebration, that there are still many good Indians in and about Har rlsburg. —About this season the vacation in fatuation begins to feel the effects of the Fall frosts. —lf the publicity representatives of the warring powers know the temper of the American people they'll not at tempt any first page stunts during the world's series. We are a long suffer ing nation but we have our limits; we have our limits; yes sir, and this is them. WEED-CUTTING TIME I had a brother whom I thought a pest— He seemed to think I never needed rest. When wheat was stacked and ready to be thrashed— The crop laid by and I, all unabashed. Would take a book or magazine and i lie fWith wondrous tales before my hungrv I eye) Beneath a tree, to cultivate my mind. That ruthless brother would steal up i behind I And say: "Come on—you've done that long enough. We'd better mosey out an' cut some i stuff." With Inward groans I'd put the book I away The meanwhile praying for a rainy day! And we. with hoes or briar-scythes, would get out On some hot hillside where we'd put to rout The hostile hosts of thistles, mulleins— yes. And white-topped yarrow—could never guess i Just why these weeds In such profusion grew When surely they, possessed of malice, knew That was my only chance to read and rest i Instead of whacking "round some hot hill's crest. i Now when about the country I am j Jerked And see the sort of hills on which I worked. [My memory-sharpened eyes are always peeled To see if, in some catUe-dotted field, I The mullein, yarrow, thistle and their mates Are growing, all unconscious of their fates. And then I chuckle, back Inside of me, To think it's past, and I don't have to be Out there to whack around as once I did When I was Just a book-starved, laiy kid! —Strickland Gillilan In Farm Life. SOUNDS RATHER HYSTERICAL [From the Pittsburgh Gazette-Times.] Premier Asqulth says John Bull can ilau" at the fear of Invasion, but some how the laugh sounds rather hysterical. AND ARE NOT PARTICULAR [Charleston News and Courier.] Mr. Bryan's tough luck began when he wasn't born a Mexican. Mexico has had nine Presidents In two years. Our Daily Laugh TL# The do-nothing i Be vex seem* to tire of what he is KiDLnae. aV If 1 A. Tou seem to V I Have become re to Wlllle'B xtEmSi * olns rwlm " jf. t 4 (111 Ton see, dear, lit: l|\l>||\] l** B *bout th« llfP'Tu °® ly way I can M ft get him to wash W£/ his faca. UNTIL— By Win* Dinner There comes a time each year, dear , friend, When everyone would fain Go 'way for fun; I leave to-day For mine—Auf Weiciereeiia. MILITARY By Frederic J. Haskin WHEN the Association of Military Surgeons of the United States meets in Washington to-day, to-morrow and Wednesday for its an nual convention, there will be assem bled a body of men who, many hold, nro responsible for the greatest good that has boen accomplished in the present generation. For, the wise ones say, the future will know the span of years through which the world is now passing as the era of sanitation. In the last decade and a half, the world has learned more of the secrets back of deadly diseases and how to combat them than it had in a thousand years before. Practically nil the great discoveries that have meant the undoing of one after another of the diseases that had terrorized the world and taken their tolls by the hundreds of thousands, have come about through the work of the men assembled in the present convention. It may therefore not be amiss to enumerate at this time a few of these stupendous accomplishments. The latest and among the biggest of them is the mastery of typhoid, the disease that takes every year the heaviest toll of the peoples of the world of any of those that attack vitals and suck away their lives. Typhoid has always been a disease which armies were particularly likely to get, and which ran through them most devastatingly. It has been no uncommon thing for typhoid alone to kill more men than did the enemy. This was true in the Spanish-Ameri can war. Diseases ln general have al ways been more deadly to troops than have the attacks of the enemy. The first war in which disease killed fewer men than did fighting was the Russo-Japanese war. which occurred after the dawn of the era of sanita tion. In the present war in Europe disease is playing a lesser part than in any conflict in all history and be cause of the discoveries recently made by military surgeons. First Step Toward Mastery It was in the Spanish-American war. when recruits were dying of ty phoid like poisoned ants, that the military surgeons drew the conclusion, and proved it, that the disease was carried by flies. This in itself was vastly valuable, for flies might be kept from contaminated material and might be screened from houses. I But the second step toward a rear The Searchlight I ' REVOLUTIONIZED WOMEN'S HATS In the "Interesting People" depart ment of the September American Magazine appears an article about William Dutcher who has done more than any other American to awaken people to the cruelty and stupidity of slaughtering beautiful and useful birds. He and others finally succeeded ln having laws passed so far-reaching that they changed the whole aspect of millinery. In the hard struggle Mr. Dutcher sacrificed his health. Fol lowing is an extract from the article about him: "Nothing ever tired or discouraged him. Ending a day's work in his office, he would jump on a train to go and do another harder day's work be fore midnight among the legislators at Albany. Politicians lived in terror of this 'bird crank.' The aigrette trade, which he fought from the first, spiked his guns when it could with a paid lobby. He got hard knocks and many defeats, but ln 1910 his efforts were crowned with success when the Em pire State passed the Plumage Law forbidding the sale of 'the white badge of cruelty.' "He never wearied of preaching the great value of Insectivorous birds to agriculture; yet the farmers and fruit growers of the United States probably never will realize how much his labors b'eneflted them. He cared not a feath er's weight who got the glory for any of his work, so long as it was accom plished. Even the millinery dealers and the 'game hog,' while they fought his reforms, admitted his unselfish ness. There was nothing he would not do for anyone who showed the slight est interest in his hobby." EDITORIAL COMMENT It may be natural for Americans to grin when they run across such names as Przemsyl, Przhedborzh, Llpsk and Pskof ln the daily news, but the peo ple who receive no Jar when they stumble over such names as Punxsu tawney, Youghlogheny, Yreka and Hohokus don't appear to have any license to laugh at nomenclature of other lands. It's mostly ln the way It looks to the eye, anyhow.—Erie Her ald. The Czar has put himself at the head of the Russian army and transferred his Uncle Nick, because of alleged 111 health. "Stand back and watch me pitch" says the one Nick to the other. Well, let's see!—Willtamsport Sun. It takes a Georgia mofc to push the initiative, referendum, and recall to their logical limit. —Pittsburgh Oazette- Tlm«» mastery of the typhoid question did not occur until ten years later. Then the United States heard that military surgeons abroad had developed a vac cine against typhoid. It sent an army surgeon, Major Frederick F. Russell, to Europe to study the work of Eng land and Germany and France along this line. Major Russell found that nil these nations had vaccine, but that none of them seemed reliably ef fective. Out of the methods of all these nations he evolved a vaccine of his own which was effective and which immediately drove typhoid from the American army. Its use was made compulsory here and the re sults were BO strikingly desirable that the product of Uncle Sam's labora tories is now making immune Euro pean troops by the million and un doubtedly saving hundreds of thou sands of lives each year. The ultimately greatest benefit of a discovery of this sort is not, of course, in its application to armies but to whole peoples. There is little question but what the time will soon come when whole peoples will be vaccinated against typhoid and the disease will become almost unknown. Fighting Yellow Fever The story of the three army sur geons who went to Cuba to solve the riddle of yellow fever is among the most dramatic in medical annals. They had but the theory of the trans mission of the disease by the mos quito. Dr. Jesse W. Lazear, in the yellow fever ward of an army field hospital, watched an Infected mos quito alight upon his hand, wipe its bill with its front feet and begin the process of making an incision. He let it remain until it had drunk itself full of his blood. It was writing his death warrant, for a few days later fle died in most terrible agonj. John -R. Kissinger and John J. Moran were healthy young troopers from Ohio. In the face of Dr. La zear's death they volunteered to sub mit themselves as subjects for further experiments. They failed to take the disease from being housed with yel low fever patients, even after sleeping In their beds. But both came down when bitten by infected mosquitos. Both recovered. Each refused the bonus of SSOO offered them by the government. Nt much was ever said of their work. But their's was her [Continued on Page 12.] f The State From Day to Day^ All roads will lead to Allentown to the big fair on September 21, 22, 23 and 24, except those that lead to Har risburg for the great celebration and river carnival on the last two days of the fair. • • • "Climaxing a week of maniacal vio lence, Adam Snyder, murderer of Mrs. Plummer Port, awaiting the date of his execution, attempted suicide in the Huntington county Jail yesterday. He improvised a rope from his undershirt and a towel, fastened it to a cell bar, and swung out Into space, dangling by his neck. His convulsive death strug gles broke the rope and released htm, but he was revived with great diffi culty.—Lancaster Daily Examiner. Another example of the extreme danger of allowing typhoid "carriers" at large was brought to light in Dan ville, Pa., when It was discovered that one of the assistant chefs at the State Hospital for the Insane had been ill and on duty with walking typhoid for three weeks before he took to his bed. As a result there are now eighty cases In the hospital. • • * The Bristol Courier tells of a Lang home scientist who Jias converted the innocent tomato into an implement of war, by grafting In some way the pois onous nightshade and the tomato to gether. The result is food on one side and poison on the other. Rather a safe bit of the vegetable kingdom to keep away from, it would seem. York, Pa.. Sept. 10.—A former Phil adelphian, James Henessey, having faith in the bee-stlng cure for rheuma tism, tried it nut with the assistance of a friend. The bees were unused to this method of procedure, and a large number of them devoted their atten tion to the friend and to the portions of Mr. Henessey where they did the least good. He was convinced, how ever, that at least sixty of the stings were effective. • • • Coincident with the marriage of Robert Haslett and Mrs. Mary Mac- Laren at the home of the brlds's son, Dr. MacLaren, In Towanda, it came about that the bridegroom, being the father of the doctor's wife, becomes his own daughter's father-in-law, and his bride becomes her son's mother-in law. This recalls the old story of how a man, by Just the same, although more so, mixed relationships due to vuri ous marriages, actually became his own grandfather. • • • Philadelphia. Sept. 10.—A prominent, well-to-do Philadelphia woman is ad vertising in the newspapers for a bnby boy whom she will adopt us the twin of her own, which is expected to be born in a few days. No one in the family except the nurse, family phy sician, and herself is to know the sec ret. Even the poor father is to be fooled. The mother wants the adopted child-to-be to be a. living memorial to the on* who died in infancy. Ehfcttbtg Qftjat] Am an example of condensation of Mo toric facta Into small coznpass the In-*' •crlption prepared by State Librarian Thomas Lynch Montgomery for the tablet that Is to mark the site of John Harris' Ferry, which some one has aptly termed "the reauson for Harrlsburg," Is hard to equal. Mr. Montgomery has put the history of almost three-quarters of a century, the period of this community's swad- -J dlingf clothes, into a few sentences, pointing out the national significance of the Ferry. The average Harris burger seldom thinks of the tremend ous part played by the almost forgot ten ford and scarcely more remember ed ferry in the settlement of Pennsyl vania to the south of us and to the west of us, of Ohio, Kentucky and In diana, parts of Virginia and even North Carolina. There was a line of forts along the Blue Ridge from over in the Jerseys beyond Easton clear down into Western North Carolina and Harris Ferry was one of the places on the line of defense, because that Is what it was as much as a trail of pioneers. Hence Mr. Montgomery strikes at the high point of our past history. He has written for the bronze tablet that will bear the words for years to come that this was the site of the crossing of greatest historic interest on the wide branching Sus quehanna. "A great part of the early migration into Western Pennsylvania and the Ohio Valley passed this way," he says. When you stop to think what that has meant in American history it is something: to be so proud of that we wonder why we did not mark the place before. Mr. Montgomery em bodies in a few more sentences the grant of the ferry right and the re lationship of the two John Harrises. It is the story of our home epitomized down to 1785. The other day a well-known Har risburger stopped oft in Elizabeth ville and finding time hanging heavy on his hands thought he would pay a call on his old friend James E. Lentz. Accosting a small boy in the street he asked: "I say, my lad, do you know where Mr. James E. Lentz resides?" "Who?" asked the boy in return. "Mr. James E. Lentz," repeated the man. "Never heard of him," replied the boy. "That's strange, I thought he was a prominent man in this town. Seems to me he's the assistant superintend ent of the Sunday school, the chair man of the union picnic committee, the chairman of the football assocla- . tion, the " "Ah," broke in the urchin disgusted ly, "he lives right down that street, six doors. Tou mean 'Jimmy'." * » • "I have been surprised at the num ber of former Pennsylvanians residing In California." said a resident of an up-State county yesterday in talking about a trip he had made to the Gold en Gate. "In every one of the big California cities it seemed that I ran across some one from this State, many of them my own acquaintances who had gone to the coast to live. Some of them are taking prominent parts in the life in that section, too." • • • National Guardsmen in this city are speculating on the make up of the team which will be selected to rep resent Pennsylvania In the national rifle matches at Jacksonville. It hap pens that this city has some of the most expert marksmen in the guard,! and the Eighth and other tions hereabouts will probably be rep resented. • . • • • Here is another jitney story: The other day a trolley car became stalled on a curve in the central part of the city and gave an imitation of a roll ing mill in its efforts to get under way.. The passengers became restive and a crowd gathered, of course, speculating on how long the block would last. Then right along side the car moved in a jitney and its driver with fine regard for the proprieties, called out: "Up-town; going now." | WELL KNOWN PEOPUE —John H. Thompson, who was here a day or so ago, is prominent in Pitts burgh banking affairs. —Mayor Jermyn, of Scranton, has returned from a visit to Canada. —Judge Raymond MacNeille, of Philadelphia, is agitating opening a school for parents. —Dr. H. I. Klopp, head of the Rit tersville State Hospital, has almost 1,- 000 persons under his care now. —lsaac R. Pennypacker, the Phila delphia historian, has been visiting Eaglesmere. —J. C. Norris, of New Castle, is the new head of the State's retail mer chants. | DO YOU KNOW ~~ That Harrisburg Is making hosiery for South America? HISTORIC HARRISBI'RG This city was knovm as Harris' Ferry for fifty years or more be fore the Revolution. , IN HARR.ISBURG FIFTY YEARS r AGO TO-DAY | [From the Telegraph of Sept. 11, 1865.] Another Reglmeut Here The Seventy-fifth Pennsylvania Regi ment arrived here last night and is now in camp awaiting payment and dis charge. Special Meeting at Hope A special meeting wil be held this evening In the Hop.e Fire Company house. Every member has been asked to be present as ap Important business Item will be voted on at the session. Copperhenda Meet The Copperheads held a convention to-day In the Courthouse and chose several persons for various offices on their party ticket. * » Tell the Right Story at the Right Time Conditions vary in different parts of the country and the manufacturer who uses news paper r.dvertlslng is able to give his message the value of timeli ness. He Is able to take advantage of opportunities. He can make his appeal along local lines of thought. Ho can eliminate waste energy and waste money. He can sell where the selling Is good. Manufacturers will find much of Interest In the booklet "The Nowspapcrs," Issued by tho Bureau of Advertising, Ameri can Newspaper Publishers Asso ciation, World Building, New York. I— SECOND FLY CONTEST of the Civic Club for 1915. August Ist to September 25th. Five cents a pint for all fltea, and many prlaea In gold.