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Harrisburg telegraph. [volume] (Harrisburg, Pa.) 1879-1948, September 21, 1915, Image 8

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* Established ill!
President and Editor-in-Chief
Managing Editor
Published every evening (except Sun
day) at the Telegraph Building, il
Federal Square. Both phones.
Member American Newspaper Publish
era' Association. Audit Bureau o
Circulation and Pennsylvania Aisocl
ated Dallies.
Eastern Office, Fifth Avenue Building
New York City, Hasbrook, Story t
Western Office, Advertising Building
Chicago, 111., Allen & Ward.
Delivered by carriers a
si" cents a week
Mailed to subscriber
at SS.OO a year in advance.
Entered at the Post Office in Harris*
burg. Pa., as .second class matter.
Sworn dnlly average circulation for thi
three months ending Auf. 31, 1915
★ 21,083 ★
Average for the year 1014—2130®
Average for the year 1013—19,083
Average for the year 1012—10,040
Average for the year 1011—1T,503
Average for the year 1U10—10,201
The above figures are net. All I'*-
turned, unsold and damuged copies de
' ■ ■
An aim in life is the only fortune
worth the finding; and it is not tc
be found in foreign lands, but in
the heart itself. —Robert Louis
WHO is the "capitalist" we hear
so much about? Chances are
you would give as examples the
men who own the railroads. Car
toonists love to picture these person
ages as individuals all stomach and
jowl, with dollar-marked clothing and
money-bag pockets. In reality, if we
are to believe current statistics, many
©f these "owners" of railroads are far
from the bloated bondholder class.
They are made up of the rank and
file of thrifty citizenship.
Take the Pennsylvania railroad, for
Instance. A compilation Just, com
pleted shows that this company on
September 1 had an even 94,000 stock
holders. This is an increase of 3,381
In a year and is the largest number
of stockholders ever recorded for this
or any other railroad company in the
world. If the same rate of increase
Is maintained, the Pennsylvania rail
road will have 100,000 stockholders in
less than two years.
On the first day of this month 45,428
w'omen—l,743 more than a year ago—
held stock in this company and be
tween them represent nearly a one
third interest in the property. Of the
entire 94.000 stockholders, 33.053
were Pennsylvanians, 16,024 lived in
New York state. 16,366 in New Eng
land, 16,67 i elsewhere in the United
States and 11,886 in foreign countries.
There were sixty-two more foreign
stockholders on September 1, 1915,
than on the same date in 1914, and
eixty-four more than in July, 1914,
prior to the opening of the conflict.
Perhaps the most significant deduc
tions that may be drawn from these
statistics is that the American people
■were saving money for investment
purposes even during the dullest per
iod of the country's history and that
despite the attacks of press and gov
ernment the railroads still continue to
"look good" to the man in search of
a safe place in which to put his
SOME of the pessimistic financiers
who are predicting bankruptcy
in Europe as a result of the pres
ent war might take a lesson from our
own past. It will be remembered that
at the conclusion of the Civil War the
United States and not the opulent
United States of to-day. either —owed
nearly three billion dollars. At that
time there were those in Europe who
were expressing much the sanve views
concerning our financial abilities as
we hear of the European belligerents
to-day. Even in this country there
were those who advocated the repudi
ation of a part of the debt and others
who wanted it paid in greenbacks.
The Republican party, at the very op
ening of the first Grant administra
tion, took the position that every out
standing debt of the United States
must be paid, in gold and with interest.
There were many who then pre
dicted that the country would become
bankrupt, but in the two score years
following the debt was reduced by
more than two billion dollars and by
reissues of bonds the interest on the
remainder was greatly reduced. The
Cleveland administration and the
Spanish-American war ran it up again
and once more under Republican rule
It was cut to one billion. The grow
ing deficit in the national treasury in
dicates that the bonded indebtedness
will go up again very shortly.
This is the remarkable history of
the reduction of what was once looked
upon as a hopeless debt. Perhaps
Europe may surprise us quite as much.
THERE Is reason In the contention
of Superintendent Shambaugh
and the principals of the county
Bchools that agriculture should be
taught only by trained teachers.
There can be no doubt of the value
of this study in the rural districts,
where a large majority of the pupils
will be associated with agricultural
pursuits during their aftar life. Boys
and girl* should be taught at least tho
rudiments of scientific farming. But,
as the very object of the study Is to
Instruct them in the latest and most
approved methods,- It la only reason
able to assume that this work should
be done by those who know what they
are talking about.
The unskilled teacher In farming
may do far more harm than good.
HARRISBURG is putting on its
holiday dress. Numerous build
ings have been decorated in
honor of the municipal improvement
celebration which will be opened to
morrow. Every householder should
take pride in making his place of resi
dence as good to look upon as possible,
f lags and bunting are household pos
sessions. It remains only to take the
time and trouble to display them.
Thousands upon thousands of vis
itors will be in the city for the re
mainder of the week. Let them go
away with a good idea of our indi
vidual municipal patriotism. The
house without a flag or a streamer
should be *he exception and not the
THE Medical Society of the State
of Pennsylvania, which begins
its annual convention in Phila
delphia to-day. is the largest organi
zation of the kind in the United States
and the most influential factor in the
American Medical Association, which
is noted throughout the world. The
State society has a membership of
over 7,000, the leading medical men
of the Keystone State being among
those enrolled. Its deliberations at
tract international attention and it is
a wonderful force in the affairs of
this Commonwealth.
Harrisburg has been peculiarly
honored by this great organization. A
number of its physicians have been its
chiefs and the president who will be
installed to-day is our fellow-towns
man, Dr. J. B. McAlister. Other
Harrisburgers have been vice-presi
dents, secretaries and heads of sec
tions. It has held a number of its
annual meetings In this city.
If it could be arranged this society,
whose meetings are attended by from
700 to 900 medi'cal men and their
families, would meet in Harrisburg
every third year. Harrisburg, un
rivaled in its railroad facilities, pos
sessing the State Capitol, and a pro
gressive, attractive city, could have
this convention triennially, maybe oft
ener, but for one thing.
It does not have the hotel facili
ties demanded by the people who at
tend such gatherings.
And there are probably other or
ganizations which would choose Har
risburg if it could match up with
some of the capacious hostelries of
Scranton, Wilkes-Barre, Reading,
Lancaster or Erie;
THE total value of imports at the
thirteen principal customs dis
tricts of the United States for
the nine \Veeks from July 3 to August
28 was $263,376,746, on which duties
amounting to $30,515,654 were col
lected, or an average ad valorem for
the period of 11 per cent.
The average ad valorem rate of
duty under the Republican tariff law
during the last year of its existence
was 17.6 per cent. The low average
ad valorem of the Underwood law,
and the large importations, show why
the Democrats had recourse to their
so-called "war revenue" measure,
which they now propose to re-enact as
soon as Congress convenes in Decem
ber and the rates of which are to be
The large free list in the Democratic
tariff law Is far more blameable than
any reduction in imports due to the
war. The law was a failure as an
adequate revenue producer long be
fore the war broke out.
SILVER bullion now being cheap
—at between forty-seven and
forty-eight cents per fine ounce
—Secretary McAdoo is buying 2,000,-
000 ounces which he will mint into
dimes, quarters and half-dollars. He
will make a tidy sum on the transac
tion, and Heaven knows the Treasury
needs It. But the transaction is char
acteristically Democratic and it will
cheer Mr. Bryan greatly with its
reminiscent flavor of 1896.
EXPORTS of horses from the
United States during ten months
of fKe European war, from Sep
tember 1, 1914, to June 30, 1915,
brought into this country $63,816,000,
as compared with less than $3,000,000
for the same period in 1913-14. This
was on increase of 2,000 per cent.
The Increase represents part of the
"prosperity" of which the Democratic
administration boasts. But there isn't
a farmer in the United States who
sold horses for shipment to Europe
who le fooling himself as to the rea
son for the unusual market for horses.
It Is generally realized that unless
Uncle Sam arranges a European credit
he must suffer the loss of an enormous
business. Europe cannot pay In gold.
James J. Hill and other leaders In the
commercial and industrial world de
clare it Is essential to the prosperity
of our people that our wheat should
get to market and find a purchaser. It
appears that the principal points re
garding the foreign loan have been
arranged and the Increased earnings of
the railroads would seem to indicate a
rising tide of prosperity notwithstand
ing Democratic hindrances.
—Mrs. Bryan says of her husband
that "when he was young his enemies
were fond of saying that his mouth
was so big he coud whisper In his own
ear. And In recent years his ears have
grown so long the effect is the same.
It has been discovered that France
once had a " Frank case." But that's
no excuse for Georgia.
—lf England does not behave bet
ter King Edward may lose the Beef
Packer vote at the next elections.
—Some of the War Stocks are
reaching a point where they ape likely
to explode prematurely.
This week the Harrisburg school
boy "has it all over" the lad in the
surrounding towns.
—Mr. Hack Is now beginning to
know how it used to feel to be man
ager of the "Phillies."
As if the European governments did
not have troubles enough, they are
again asking Washington about Mex
ico.—Kansas City Times.
[St. Louis Post Dispatch.]
Blunders and more blunders have
featured the present war. The great
est blunder was in the beginning of it.
[New York World ]
Roosevelt wants war instantly with
Germany and Mexico. Hobson wants
war instantly with Japan and Mexico.
Hearst wants war instantly with
Great Britain and Japan. There are
people in this country who are capable
of making even William J. Bryan
seem like a statesman.
[From the Telegraph, Sept. 21, 1865.]
Observe Jewish Festival
The Jewish festival. Rosh Hashona. is
being observed in this city with special
St. Louis Council In City
Members of the City Council of St.
Louis, en route to Philadelphia, passed
through this city this morning
Plonnlng For Trip
The Hope Fire company members are
completing arrangements for their trip
to Philadelphia next month where they
will participate In the firemen's parade.
[From the Reading Herald]
He is a poor planner for Reading
who does not consider our riverside.
And indeed there are but few aspi
rants for local office who have not
said something about preserving the
mountains and beautifying our river
banks. How sincere and hOw practical
they all may be is another story. But
at least this has become a stereotyped
Half a dozen years ago people
laughed at the playground enthu
siasts. Now every candidate lays
his hands upon his heart and vows
that he counts playgrounds as the
nfost. important thing agoing. Doubt
less if quizzed he could not tell you
how many playgrounds there are in
town and could not lead you to more
than one of them. Still the play
ground is the thing now for the as
piring candidate. And next to it come
the mountains and the river.
•What our coming mayor and coun
cilmen are going to do with our river
banks is a puzzle; as much of a puzzla
as the personality of this mayor and
councilmen. We know well enough
what the Consumers' Gas Company
is going to do. It has its plans cut
and dried. Down will come Willow
Grove one of these fine days. And
then-will the river bank be left all
Meanwhile it need not be amiss to
be a bit constructive. These river
banks of ours, all the way from
Haines' Lock down to High's Woods,
are susceptible of conserving and de
veloping. Who is the hardy candidate
—or even the plain, common citizen—-
who will step forth and show us
At Harrisburg next week they are
to celebrate the consummation of 14
years of civic development. The most
important development has been that
of the river bank. For years these
banks were good for nothing, save as
a dumping place for household trash
and domestic refuse. Thither went all
the pld tin cans, the corn cobs, the
rusty .nails and the offscouring of the
back alley. Therefrom emanated
strange and titillating odors, making
one thankful he had hay fever or a
bad cold, setting the keen-scented re
penting that noses had ever been in
vented. inducing one to wish that for
his walk he had gone into the far In
terior or that for his dwelling place
he had moved fifty miles away.
Harrisburg's river banks, now
stretching for miles and miles, are
without a peer in this land of the
living. A river wall with steps leading
down to the water's edge extends from
the northernmost to the southernmost
limits of the town. The rubbish is all
gone. The rank weeds are uprooted.
The brickbats and the bottles are de
posited elsewhere. And hundreds
seek the river bank each summer
evening for relaxation and comfort.
And many thousands will be stamped
ing those banks next week to watch
regattas and aquatic sports and golden
sunsets and such charr.s as Venice
'hardly knows.
All this duo to natural beauty plus
civic enterprise. And much of this
could be done here in Reading. We
have both the beauty and the enter
prise, but they have not come Into
co-operation in the case of the river.
We do nothing but lament and de
plore. Harrisburg was in the age of
lamentation and deploration fifteen
years ago. Now the river banks are
actually saved. And a great jubilee
is to be held in honor of that happy
When William Morris wrote "News
From Nowhere" he harped enthusias
tically on the joys of coming days.
But the most striking feature of all
his harping was the charm of the
Thames river and the potential love
liness of that somewhat slighted
stream. Those of us who revel in
Morris and his dreams of a happy
day to come remember more than all
the gayety and loveliness, the cool
ness and the health of his idyllic
We are unable to compare all of
Morris' hope. We cannot bring his
sweet Elysium to pass day after to
morrow. But we can do much to
ward making our Schuylkill just as
fair and delightful as his pictured
Why not learn a lesson from Mor
ris, the Socialist? And why not add
thereto a lesson from Democratic-
Republican Harrisburg? And why not
quit lamenting over our neglected
riverside and start to do something?
By the Kx-Oommttt«ein&n
—-Judging from reports which hava
come to this city by telegraph and
telephone, a big primary vote is being
polled in Pennsylvania to-day and
issues which seein local but which are
really State wide in their influences
are being fought out. It appears to
be the general consensus of opinion
that no matter what happens. Repub
lican victories are assured in most of
the bounties and municipalities of the
State. The "return to the party" move
ment has assumed big proportions and
means Pennsylvania strongly Repub
lican next year.
—As shown in the Telegraph, there
are lively judicial contests in which
men who are of State-wide impor
tance are candidates. More judicial
nominees will be made to-day than
known for years. The liquor issue is
entering into contests in a score of
judicial districts.
—John B. Head, of Greensburg, and
George B. Orlady, of Huntingdon,
whose terms as judges of the Superior
Court -will expire, were supported by
the leaders o£, the principal political
parties for re-election. The third
vacancy in the court was caused by
the expiration of the term of Chief
Justice Rice, who declined to be a
candidate for re-election. The other
candidates are Stephen H. Hulscton,
of Pittsburgh; Charles Palmer, of
Chester; William D. Wallace, of Law
rence county, and J. Henry Williams,
of Philadelphia.
—The Republican organization lead
ers have agreed upon the nomination
of Thomas B. Smith as the candidate
of that party for mayor of Philadel
phia, while a contest for the Washing
ton party nomination was waged be
tween George D. Porter, director of
public safety in Mayor Blankenburg's
cabinet, and Sheldon Potter, who
acted in that capacity under Mayor
Weaver. They will also he voted for
on the Republican and Democratic
tickets. Another candidate for the
mayoralty is James E. Gorman, judge
of the municipal court, who was
backed by leaders of the Keystone
party and is also on the ballots of the
Democratic and Washington parties.
—The Cumberland, Franklin and
Adams-Fulton judicial contests at
tracted wide attention to-day in this
city because of the prominence of tho
candidates and there was much inter
est in the way Judge Woods was
faring up the Juniata valley. The
Ferry county associate Judgeship was
also attracting attention. In York
and Lancaster Judge Wanner and
Hassler did not appear to have any
—Lackawanna county commission
ers refused the demand of the courts
that the ballot boxes be impounded.
The contests in that county are red hot
as usual.
—Reports received here from Pitts
burgh indicate that there will be a
very heavy vote recorded in that
county. Friends of J. Denny O'Neil
claim that he will be nominated with
—City Treasurer Reichenbach has
told friends here that he will be the
next mayor of Allentown. He seems
to have a clear track,
—Western reports are that there Is
a big fight on for the Republican con
gressional nomination in the Twenty
fourth district. Ex-Congressman Tem
ple, now a Republican, is being
strongly supported in some districts.
—Altoona and Reading are engaged
in two of the hottest mayoralty cam
paigns in the State.
[Kansas City Times ]
The state officials of New York have
Just finished a careful census of the
city of New York and have made the
discovery, which has startled the peo
ple there, that the old city, within the
borough of Manhattan, has had a
shrinkage of 187,481, or 3 per cent
in population in the last five years.
Thus, if New York city had not
reached out and taken in Brooklyn,
Staten Island, Queens county and the
Bronx, it would actually be going
backward in population.
But even Greater New York, whilA
it increased in population 300,661, or
r, per cent., in five years, fell far be
?, ir Y i i ts „ norm al rate of growth. The
united States Census Bureau made its
last census of New York in 1910. Last
year the Census Bureau issued an esti
mate, based upon the normal rate of
increase in past years, that the popu-
L a to°o n =?n N tJ v York clty in 1914 was
5,333,539. But the census Just taken
shows the population to be onlv
This. i. 267.317 below the
estimate of the Census Bureau.
What is the reason of it? The news
papers of New York city say it is
caused by motor cars, trolley lines and
suburban trams, which have greatlv
increased their facilities in recent
years, enabling more and more people
to move out from the congested dis
!r.'c ? f ° r fresh air and more room
nhile the population within the cltv
boundaries lias fallen far below the
normal rate of increase, yet thev are
oolitg business there and living in the
suburbs beyond.
That has been the history of manv
cities, not only in this country, but in
Europe. The population of old Lon
don has been going down steadily until
now it l» only one-fifth of what it was
one hundred years ago, but all of the
country around London, which was
IT "• has been built up.
New Orleans has been loslne norm
lation in its old city limits bufaU the
surrounding country has been drained
and made habitable and trollev cars
t a he d re r ?o°Hve CarS ' he People ™
[Grand Rapids Press ]
Senator J. Ham Lewis, who wis
about to sail for the war zone has
prudently canceled his pasage. So wo
shall not have to depend entirely upon
Charlie Chaplin for our fun this win
Our Daily Laugh ]
Mill yini
George thinks J . '
he can support dSyjjyV^
me on his salary USKS?' rigs
If we'll be eco- mm Yj^B
Ctn't he do It J|| \ Jpp|,
by only being eco- | i
nomical himself? UwM\
Ar# yoTj econ-
I should say so.
My wife bought
j enough marked
s, down articles ta
|||HW yf save SSO on the
/ original prices.
rhese are booming days for the youngsters who haul baskets from the citv
market houses. With the advent of the canning season the youthful business
men began to make money by the fistful. The sketch by L. R. Ney artist of
tlus city, who has been depicting scenes from life, shows one of the "marketeers"
carrying a basket of peaches from his wagon to the house of one of his patrons
By Frederic J. Haskin
Tour Uncle Samuel's school
marm niece does most to in
crease his wealth and influence in the
world. It has become as true of her
as of Queen Victoria that the sun never
sets upon her realm. She has follow
ed the American flag to Its farthest
outpost. The hot sun of the Philip
pines and the icy winds of Alaska have
been powerless to daunt her perse
verence or courage. Wherever she
goes she carries civilization, sanitation
and humanitarianism, as well as a
knowledge of the "three R's" and the
English language. She is a pioneer of
intrepid bravery, a missionary of de
voted fervor and a creditable type of
American womanhood.
Over half a million women are en
rolled this month in the service of the
elementary public schools of the United
States. Thousands of others are con
nected with high schools, private
schools, colleges and universities, in
addition to the increasingly large num
ber who are acting as state, county
or city superintendents or supervisors
of some particular branch of study.
The school marm is no longer restrict
ed to the lower grades; she has taken
her place in the highest executive and
university circles. She is doing effi
ciently much of the work that was
done by men a few years ago. Each
year increases her numbers, and despite
her low average earnings, the two
highest public school salaries paid in
the United States go to women.
Women in most states have few civic
rights, but they are everywhere invest
ed with the sacred responsibility of
training men to meet their civic duties.
More than sixty per cent of the school
children of this country receive all
their education from women. In New
York, 92 per cent, of the boys never
come in contact with a man teacher.
Whatever principles of manhood,
patriotism and honor they possess
have been given them by the women
teachers of the lower grades.
The percentage of children in a
closely populated city who advance to
high school, or even complete the
grammar grades, is relatively small. It
Is smaller for boys than it is for girls.
I One reason for the increasing pre
ponderance of woman teachers is the
larger number of girls who remain in
school long enough to receive the qual
ifying education. It is typical of
American chivalry that when a father
Is unable to educate all of his chil
dren, he keeps his girls in school. The
boys go to work. An opposite course
is likely to be pursued in Europe.
Fire to Three
The New York high schools graduate
Ave girls for every three boys. In
Chicago, two girls graduate for each
boy. In Philadelphia the proportion is
even greater because of the great com
mercial high school, exclusively for
girls, which turns out yearly 400 grad
uates. The Philadelphia Board of Edu
cation established a school of peda
gogy for boys as a rival to its mag
nificent normal school for girls in the
hope that it would attract more young
men to the teacher's profession. It
has not accomplished this. Notwith
standing the fact that the young pedo
gogues start with a considerably high
er salary than the girls from the nor
mal school, the school marms in the
Quaker City are still increasing and a
few of them are receiving salaries
closely approaching those paid to men.
The charm of infinite variety at
taches itself to the school marm to a
greater degree than any other class of
women. As a whole, she Is attractive,
wholesome and wellbred. The anti
quated female of the old-fashioned
school, with her bunch of switches and
general ignorance, has nothing in com
mon with the woman teacher of to-dav,
who has been trained scientifically for
her work. She haa finished a course of
study that broad and far-reaching. It
covers ethics and economies as well as
the regular grade studies.
Although supposedly a teacher of
English, tho American school marm
may have to be familiar with other
languages. In cities having an immi
grant population, thousands of chil
dren each year must first receive in
struction In their native language be
fore they can profitably enter a class
where only English is spoken. So the
school marm may be only American bv
adoption, but she is invariably the most
American of Americans. She may be
Polish, Hun, Lithuanian, Russian or
any other nationality by birth, but she
has been trained to impart American
methods to the young fellow country
men assigned to her care. She does this
BO effectually that within six months
they are not only ready to enter the
English speaking classes, but are fill
ed with a love for "my America," the
land of their adoption, not excelled by,
the descendants of Bunker Hill patri
The high salaries paid to many wo
men teachers in America are Indicated
by the large parties of American
school marms who for years have been
swellink the ranks of Europe tourists.
This summer, Vliole special trains and
hundreds of private cars have been
chartered by bodies of school marms
who have attended the San Francisco
Exposition, and spent their' vacations
touring the great Northwest of their
own country.
Marms Not Satisfied
But the school marms are not quite
satisfied yet. They are still agitating
SEPTEMBER 21, 1915.
for pay equal to that, given men.
Thousands of them resent the fact
that the average monthly salary for
men teachers is $78.29 in this country,
while for women it is $64.31. They ex
pect to have these figures equalized
soon. The school marms as a whole
may not stand for woman suffrage, but.
their tendencies are strongly in that
direction, if the one-day strike for
women workers proposed by the suf
fragists takes place in New York City
next month, over 50,000 school marms
will participate a condition which
will turn nearly a quarter of a million
children into the streets for a day.
The school marm has long been re
garded as an unmarried woman who
used the school room as a stepping
stone to the marriage state, just os
men used it as a means to some more
favored profession, such as medicine
law, or the United States Congress.
Now women are beginning to regard
teaching as a life work, and still claim
their woman s right to happiness bv
marriage with the men of their choice.
Domestic and social conditions have so
changed that it is now possible for a
woman to marry without giving up her
bntil comparatively a few years ago
a woman teacher forfeited her posi
tion by marriage. She does so still in
some cities, but this will not be the
C °" rt . a ! ter court renders
the decision that the woman who
wishes to marry need not relinquish the
profession it required years for her to
Heroism Established
ic Tl e „ t] 3 e woman teacher
is well established. In times of dancer
she does not lose her head. If fire
breaks out she will either save the
children or remain with them 1 until
=h»i\«r»H A K North , D , akota BC hool marm
sheltered her scholars and kept them
safe and warm during a three-day bliz
zard to the joyful surprise of their
parents who had mourfled them as
lost. In the Hawaiian leper colony
an American school marm is giving
her life to the instruction of the chil
dren of incurable lepers. Even if thev
M? r i L h ? ,_ dread malady their lives
will be brightened by the ability to
read. *
The American school marm is hot al
ways a white woman. The uplift of
the colored people in this country
owes much to the devotion of a few
women, who obtained their own edu
cation by tremendous effort, and de
voted their lives to educating their
race. When the United States took
charge of the Philippine Islands hun
dreds of American women teachers
from the leading colleges in this coun
tr went to establish the public school
system there. Now their services are
less needed because the dark-skinned
native girls who have taken teacher's
training are doing as loyal work upon
their native island as many of the best
teaches in Continental United States.
To the Editor of the Telegraph:
I was quite Interested in the article
in the Telegraph of September 16,
I written by H. N. Barton, of Trenton,
N. J., to the editor of the New York
Sun, calling the attention of Thomas
Dixon to the epitaph which Thaddeus
Stevens wrote for himself. It re
minded me of a little Instance In con
! r.ectlon with the refusal of Mr. Stevens
to buy a cemetery lot nearly fifty
years ago. I lived In Lancaster, was
a young man in my early twenties,
and employed by the firm of Martin &
Lantz, who were extensive dealers In
drj goods and carpets. Mr. Martin
was the secretary of the Woodward
Hill Cemetery Association. Mr. Stev.
ens had selected a lot In the cemetery
and requested Mr. Martin to write a
deed for the lot and send It to him.
There was a clause In the deed which
lead, as near as I can remember, as
follows: "This lot shall be for the
burial of white persons only." Mr.
Martin wrote the deed and sent me
with it to Mr. Stevens' office on South
Queen street. I found the old gentle
man alone, handed him the need, told
him what It was and who sent It. He
told me to take a seat while he looked
over It. In a very few minutes he
folded it and said to me: "You take
this back to Mr. Martin and tell him
If he can erase that clause I will take
the lot; otherwise I will not." Of
course Mr. Martin had no authority to
erase the clause, for It was Inserted
In the charter. Mr. Stevens did not
Indignantly sell his lot in the ceme
tery, as Mr. Barton says, for he did
not own one, but he did certainly in
dignantly refuse to purchase one. The
consequence was, Mr. Stevens was
burled In what Is known as Shrlnor's
Graveyard, on Orange street, not three
blocks from Center Square, and not
more than four blocks from his resi
dence and office, which he occupied
tor many years, except when in Wash
ington. W. N. KILGORE,
2011 North Sixth street.
Waxrlshura. Pa- Sept. 20. 1015. i
lEtontttg QUjat
Richard B. Watrous, formerly sta
tloned In thii city, now secretary a"
the American Civic Association, wlti
headquarters in Washington, told »
visitor last week that he Is sorry 1»
deed to miss the big celebration lo
which Harrlsburg Is to engage. "I
enjoyed my brief residence In Harrls
burg very much," he said. "fre
quently I use Harrlsburg in my lec
tures before Chambers of Commerce
and clvlo bodies as an example of
progresslveness and public spirit.
Hundreds of times I have told of the
transformation of Harrlsburg from a
country town to an up-to-date city.
1 am sorry Indeed that business will
not permit me to get back for the cel
ebration, but my heart Is with you
and I hope that the future will be
brighter even than the past and that
what you have done will be but u
stepping stone to what Is yet to come."
• • •
"I don't know whether you are
aware of it or not but there have been
four general alarms so far this year
and that is something I never heard
of" said one of the city's veteran fire
men yesterday. "Records for years
back do not show anything like that.
The first general alarm was the Kauf
fmin store fire the night before In
auguration Day, then the Ford garage
fire, then the Montgomery fire and
then the Fourth street fire. Except
In the Fourth street fire the flames
were confined to one establishment or
practically so."
• • •
The starting of the new blast fur
nace at Steelton leaves only one of
the five furnaces idle in the steel
borough, but there are three idle fur
naces in this city. In other words just
halt of the blast furnaces In this
county are in operation. One of the
Steelton furnaces will likely be blown
out soon for repairs. There is no tell
ing when the Paxton and Lochlel fur
naces will be run. If they can not
be operated profitably under the con
ditions which are expected to prevail
soon the chances are that they will
disappear before many years and go
the way of Wister, Union Deposit,
Porter, Docklow, Conewago and Vic
toria furnaces which lighted the skies
of the county In years gone by.
* * *
The terookside colliery First Aid
team, which won the honors in the
big contest of the First Aid teams of
the Reading's coal system, is made up
of Lykens valley men. The Brook
side colliery is right over the line in
Schuylkill county and many of the
best miners of the State come from
that region.
• • •
Many compliments have been heard
for the Harrisburg Improvement Table
which has been arranged in the new
Public Library. It is in reality two
tables because there are two places
where photographs of Harrisburg "be
fore and after taking" improvements
are displayed. Big views of Harris
burg from the Cumberland shore and
from the Reservoir are shown to
gether with typical scenes from Mar
ket Square, the riverside, Paxton creek
valley and other places. Harrlsburg
and Pennsylvania books, works on
civics and other appropriate books
have been placed beside them.
« • »
The start of the Harrisburg Aca
demy yesterday attracted considerable
attention in educational circles
cause of the activities of the old
school and the progress which has
been made in the last half dozen
years. When the Harrisburg citizen
stops to consider that the Academ}*
dates from the eighteenth century and
that it was instructing youths before
George Washington was president of
the United States he will realize that
it Is an institution of which the city
can take notice In the coming cele
• • •
Quiet as It is being kept It Is said
that there were half a dozen people
who had bought some of the steel and
powder companies' stocks which have
been soaring about in the skies lately
when the aforesaid stocks were down
last fall. In two or three instances
men who had bought at the low prices
sold in July.
* • •
One of the things which Governor
Brumbaugh says impressed him on his
trip to the Pacific coast was the num
ber of Pennsylvanians who came
around to greet the Keystone State
officials. At every city where the
special train made a stop there were
people from the old State on hand to
shake hands. Many of them had been
residents of other commonwealths a
dozen or more years, but they were
proud to be known as natives of Penn
sylvania. The number of Pennsylva
nians now living in California was
another thing upon which the Gov
ernor comments.
One of the freaks of the present
summer is the size of cucumbers and
pumpkins. Both of these vegetables
Rrow well in wet seasons and they have
had a surfeit of rain this summer.
Some prize pumpkins will be shown at
the fairs the coming Fall. Harry C.
Ross, who has a fine farm and sum
mer home In the eastern part of the
county, is displaying at his tailoring
establishment in Third street a cucum
ber that much resembles a young
watermelon and on many of the mar
ket stands these vegetables of extraor
dinary size are being displayed.
—William A. Law, the Philadelphia
banker, is on his way home from the
Pacific coast.
—Senator W. W. Smith was one of
the speakers at the Kensington patrio
tic celebration Saturday.
—Norman MacLeod, who has been
in New England, has gone to Virginia
for September.
—C. H. Bleim has taken control of
the Weatherly Iron and Steel works.
—Dr. John M. Toggey, formerly of
Pittsburgh, Is the new head of the
Bethlehem Preparatory school.
—Dr. S. E. Weber, of Scranton,
spoke at the dedication of the Ma
hanoy City High school.
That Harrlshurg has nwp s
churches than any city of M
population in the State?
This city was a center of Pennsjt*.
vanla brlckmaklng for many decade*
That Word "New"
Notice how It Is appearing In
the advertising these days?
New styles, new colors, new
millinery. There is a message
in every line of the advertising.
It Is the kind of message the
up-to-date woman wants to read.
It answers her questions. It
helps her settle her problems.
It makes for comfort and econ
That Is why the wise woman
Is a reader of newspaper adver

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