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EMBARGO NOW INCONVENIENCES Businessmen Planning to Off set Trouble; Passenger Traffic Heavy By Associated Press New York, Aug 31.—Although the progressive freight embargo declared by the railroads will not become op erative until to-night, the prospective railroad strike already is causing wide spread inconvenience and anxiety throughout New York and New Eng land. Every branch of business de pending on rail transportation is mak ing plans to offs** as far as possible the threatened of transportation facilities. At all the big railroad centers here It was evident to-day that preparations are being made to keep as many trains as possible running after the brother hood men leave their posts. All the strike-breaking companies have be gun to recruit railroad workers. Day and night classe of instruction are in progress for men destined to take the places of the strikers. There is extra ordinary demand in the employment agencies not only for men who have had steam railroad experience, but for trolley motormen, electricians and sta tionary engineers and firemen. The West Shore railroad is recruiting men at its Weehawken terminal, using an old ferryboat as headquarters. De tective bureaus are engaging able bodied men w act as guards in rail road yards aud terminal stations. Heavy Passenger Movement Railroad officers here expect to handle during the next three days the greatest volume of passenger traffic they ever had to deal with. Roads which had planned excursions over Labor Day have either abandoned them or warned prospective travelers that tickets were purchased subject to delay in case of a strike. After the first thrill of apprehen sion, fears of a food famine have somewhat abated. Railroad men and provision dealers say that if a strike is called, the residents of big cities in the Eant may have to go without some of their favorite dishes, but that no one need go hungry. Wholesale grocers and commission dealers re port the receipt of orders from hotels, restaurants and small dealers who seem anxious to lay in reserve stocks. In most cases, these orders have not been filled, but the wholesalers be lieve they will be able to protect their customers from day to day. Theatrical producers agree that their business would be one of the first to suffer heavy loss from a rail road strike. Managers estimated that such a disaster would affect at least 20,000 members of the profession. The theatrical men are bothered not so much by the fear that their trav eling companies may not be able to reach destinations as by the prospect that conditions attending a strike would cause a general decline in at tendance. Plenty of Gasoline Inquiry to-day regarding the amount of gasoline available for the thousands of motorcars which would be pressed into service for transporta tion of commuters and food supplies in the event of a strike, elicited in formation indicating that the supply Is considered sufficient. The police department has compiled a list of commercial automobiles and horse-drawn vehicles which would be available. ——— • Strike of 35,000 Shopmen on Western Roads Will Be Averted by Compromise By Associated Tress Chicago, Aug. 31.—A strike of 35.000 shopmen employed on nineteen rail roads of the Middle West will be averted by compromise, said W. J. Tollerton, chief of the mechanical de partment of the Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad, to-day, follow ing a conference with representatives of the Rock Island shopmen, who de manded an eight-hour day and an in crease of five cents an hour in wages. "We have made a compromise offer to our shopmen which practically amounts to granting half their de mands," Mr. Tollerton said, "and I be lieve it will be accepted." AUTOS TO HAUL MILK By Associated Press Boston, Aug. 31. Motorcar own ers will participate actively in bring ing milk and other supplies jnto this city if the railroads are tied up by a strike. The Bay State Automobile As sociation has appointed a committee to determine how many motor trucks are available for such service and its members have agreed to use their pleasure cars if necessary. Prepara tions to meet a strike were continued by the New England railroads to-day. President Edward C. Smith, of the Central Vermont Railway, which is controlled by the Grand Trunk Rail way, has notified the association of railway presidents that in case of a Btnke his road will treat with its men Independently. It is understood that the Central Vermont trainmen have not voted to strike. Railroad Presidents Go Ahead With Plans; Will Put New Men on Trains By Associated Press Chicago, 111., Aug. 31.—While the statement of W. G. Lee. president of the Brotherhood of Railroad Train men, that passage of President Wil son'b eight-hour day bill would be a satisfactory adjustment of the strike situation was regarded as important by railroad men here, preparations against a strike on Monday proceeded without abatement. Embargoes covered freight ship ments on practically every mile of main line track in the country and railroad presidents in Chicago met to discuss their problems. It was said they would hire new men through a general committee and would co operate to run trains where most needed. Railroad officials plan to run at least on«s passenger train a day on every road, and in each case, it is an nounced, preference will be given to milk trains. It is understood at El Paso that in the event of a strike, the military au thorities plan to run supply trains be tween the Gulf of Mexico and the Pacific coast. Catholic Children Under 16 Barred From Charch In compliance of the order of Health Commissioner Dixon of yesterday, further postponing the opening of the schools until September 29. The Right Rev. M. M. Hassett, pastor at the St. Patrick's Cathedral and administrator of the Harrlsburg diocese, sent the fol lowing letter to all ministers in the diocese: Rev. Dear Father: At the request of 8. G. Dixon, commissioner of health, you will please to dispose with chil dren's masses and the attendance of children under 16 at all church ser vices during the continuance of the epidemic of infantile paralysis. M. M. HASSETT. THURSDAY EVENING, COMMITTEE HEARS ALL ARGUMENTS OF BOTH SIDES IN RAILROAD CONTROVERSY By Associated Press Washington, D. C., Aug. 31. —Rail- road officials and representatives of the trainmen's brotherhoods appeared in force to-day at the Senate Inter state Commerce Committee's hearings on President Wilson's legislative pro gram to prevent the threatened rail road strike. Elisha Lee, chairman of the man agers' committee, headed the delega tion of railroad officials which in cluded President Underwood, of the Brie; President Willard, of the Bal timore and Ohio; Samuel Rea, presi dent of the Pennsylvania; Fairfax Harrison, president of the Southern, and R. s. Lovett, chairman of the board of the Union Pacific. Representing the men were A. B. Garretson, W. G. Lee, W. S. Stone and W. S. Carter, the four brotherhood heads. Officials of the American Fed eration of Labor, headed by President Gompers, Assistant Attorney General Todd and E. E.* Clark, of the Inter state Commerce Commission, also were present. At the outset of the hearing Senator Newlands, chairman of the committee, announced its purpose and said none of the proposed legislation included compulsory arbitration. "It simply provides," he said, "in case of the failure of voluntary media tion and arbitration, for a government inquiry and the stay of the action of all the parties to the controversy until investigation and report should be made, leaving them free thereafter to act as they might be advised." Senator Newlands spoke of the short time remaining for Congress to act and said: "This present dispute, if carried to its extremes, will involve the United States in a civil war. The question is whether we cannot find some means of bringing about a settlement of this dispute between employers and em ployes without resort to force. Brotherhoods First The brotherhood representatives were heard first. At the request of Mr. Garretson, it was agreed that the brotherhood leaders should address the committee two hours in opening and an hour in closing. Between these two periods, representatives of the employers and shippers have six hours. He announced that beside the heads of the four brotherhoods, Sam uel Gompers, president of the Ameri can Federation of Labor, also would speak. Mr. Garretson then began with a general review of the circumstances which led up to the present conditions. It was the belief of labor organiza tions, he said, that differences between employers and employes should not be settled by legislation but rather be tween themselves. "The success of any labor organiza tion lies, to an extent, in its mili tancy," he said. "We are in a grip of a power greater than we and it is unfortunate that this situation has arisen but I believe if a settlement can be effected by Congress, even though we are opposed to legislative settle ments, we are willing to waive the old-age tradition against it. Such a settlement in this controversy will be desirable in the circumstances. "As an ethical proposition," he said, "there is no more reason why a man should be worked more than eight hours than there is that he should be worked twenty-four. In the applica tion of principle a different situation arises. Railroaders Wanderers "To-day," he said, "thousands of men throughout this country are working from twelve to sixteen hours of which there is no complete record." These conditions, Garretson de clared were responsible for the united appearance of the brotherhoods in sistently demanding the human right to enjoy some of the things that other men enjoy. The railroad men, he said, are wanderers on the face of the earth. "We believe," said Garretson, "that questions affecting society take pre cedence over economics. We believe that the human elements should be considered regardless of its effect on dividends. The obligation on the part of the railroad employer is as great to keep the human element, in good condition as the wooden and iron property of the road. Humanity is just as much a part of the system as the engine or the lathe." Mr. Garretson argued that the ef fect of an increased wage or dividends should not be considered when it was obvious that employes were not being paid a proper wage. "A bankrupt road cannot buy its coal any cheaper than one that is pay ing 33 per cent., then why should any road buy its labor for less than it is worth because a proper wage would decrease its profits?" Attacking the railways' plea for arbitration as insincere, Mr. Garretson insisted that it was not offered to men who were so poorly organized that they coudl not enforce demands. Can't Postpone Order "I say on behalf of these railroad men," Garretson declared emphatic ally, "that there is evidence to-day of a deadly danger underlying the social crust and that it is liable to be brought to the surface unless means are found Wilson Wears Wide Smile as He Leaves Conference at Capitol With Senators By Associated Press Washington, Aug. 31. Just be fore 11 o'clock this morning President Wilson arrived at the Capitol and summoned administration leaders to his office. Word was sent to the Interstate Commerce Committee that the Presi dent. wanted to confer with Senators on hastening the legislative action. The committee authorized Senators Pomerene, of Ohio, and Smith of South Carolina, to confer with the President. Senators Pomerene and Smith, after talking with the President half an hour, returned to the hearing. "The President wants action; that's all we can say," said eSnator Pom erene. "I cannot believe that there will be a strike. I cannot believe that any set of men will paralyze the in dustry Of the country." After the Senator's departure, Ma jority Leader Kitchin, Representative Adamson and Postmaster General Burleson went into conference with the President. "I have just been keeping in touch with things to see that they keep moving, and they are moving," said President Wilson as he left the con ference with Congressional leaders. The President's face beamed with a [-broad smile. • Chairman Adamson of the Inter state Commerce Committee, said: "We will pass the eight-hour bill, introduced to-day, in the House, to morrow. That will include the pro vision for an investigation of the ef fect of the eight-hour day on the rail roads. That, we believe, will prevent the strike." Following the conference the President returned to the White House. The President received assurances that action would be taken to-morrow by the House on a measure which will include the eight-hour day. a commis sion of investigation, an increase in the membership of the Interstate Com- | to settle this difficulty before It can reach the danger stage." Frequently, ho declared, the brotherhood officials could only call oft the strike by re porting that a satisfactory settlement had been made. To postpone the strike after the men had voted it, Garretson declared, would mean the disintegration of the brotherhood and "the turning over to the mob of the trains as in 1877 and 1894." "I want to impress on the com mittee." said he, "that since the be ginning of these negotiations no definite proposal ever has been made to us by the other side. They have said but one thing; they have offered to leave the whole matter to the In terstate Commerce Commission." Not Opposed to Arbitration Garretson added that he wanted to assure the Senators that the brother hoods were not opposed to arbitration. "We believe in the principle of arbitration," he said, "but not in arbitration where we stand only to lose. The experience of our men with arbitration has not made them in love with its practical results. There have been made unfair men on our arbitra tion boards. Can you imagine two men having a case passed on in court," he demanded, "and then after the litigants had left the courtroom one of them arrogating to himself the right to interpret the verdict?" "Under ordinary processes of our policies," said Garretson. "we would be out of accord with all of the five propositions made by the President. But in the hope of effecting a settle ment we are willing to waive many deep-rooted principles, and we are willing to aid in passage of a legisla tive remedy that will make it possible to recall the order to strike September 4. The eight-hour law accompanied by a provision to assure the ten hours' pay pending inquiry and I suggest a provision that the government should bring suit in case a road refuses to grant the pay as is provided in the hours of service law it would satisfy us in this emergency." "As for compulsory arbitration," said Garretson. "no influence that ever can be brought to bear can induce our organization to accept it. I want to go on record here as protesting against anything that savors of making men stay at work during any investi gation." Senator Newlands interrupted Mr. Garretson to say it was his understand ing that the proposed bill would not prevent any man from leaving his em ployment during investigation. Con certed action, he said, was svhat it was designed to prevent. "Quite true," Mr. Garretson said, "but if only men, individually, threaten ed to strike on the railroads, we would not be here now discussing this pro posed legislation." The brotherhoods, Mr. Garretson said, would not oppose being drafted to run trains as long as it was only for mili tary purposes. Asked for the attitude of the broth erhoods on Senator Lee's pending reso lution to have the strike postponed a week. Mr. Garretson said he would like to discuss that later. So far as could be learned however, there was no indi cation of the brotherhood leaders ac ceding to the request. They still in sisted that they were powerless to post pone the strike without a "satisfactory settlement." Garretson declared that in accepting the President's proposal the men had yielded fifty per cent, of their demands. Mr. Gompers, who followed Garret son, said the federation supported the brotherhoods and protested against compulsory arbitration. He attacked government operation of roads for mil itary purposes, contending it was con scription and indefensible In times of peace. Senator Newlands denied the conten tion that the legislation denied the right of a wroker to quit his job. Mr. Newlands reiterated it meant only to affect the right to quit in concert. Mr. Gompers said he believed he had con tributed as much as anybody In Ameri ca to avoiding strikes. "But, gentlemen," he said, "there are things worse than strikes. We have got to live when that strike is over and is history and then, I aek you, will we find upon the statute books a law that says that men are criminals if they strike in concert? Such a con dition is intolerable. I trust this legis lation will not be enacted." Senator Newlands asked Gompers to give the committee the solution of the problem. 'On Monday," said Mr. Newlands, "the railroads of the country will be tied up. I think the members of this committee agree with me that com pulsory arbitration and compulsory service are both impossible and in advisable. The suggestion, therefore, is made that the government make an investigation and there be mediation, and that pending an inquiry into the facts the parties maintain the status quo. Now if this remedy is not right and is wholly wrong, what is the remedy?" Mr. Gompers replied that under the circumstances the employes should be left free to strike whenever they saw fit and not forced to "unfold their arms" by law. The question of bring ing about peace now, he insisted, should devolve upon the railroad heads, who should be expected t<S agree to some sort of satisfactory set tlement. "It is more essential," he said, "that the liberties of the employes should be safeguarded than that some suffering, which is certain to follow a strike, be avoided." merce Commission and a provision for the military operation of the railroads. "While the assurances given on the attitude of the Senate were not so definite, the President was told that the prospects were brought for action on at least part of the program. Take Others Separately The portions of the President's rec ommendations providing for a bill similar to the Canadian Industrial Disputes Act, for making arbitral awards court records and for empow ering the Interstate Commerce Com mission to grant freight rate increases, if necessary, are to be taken up sep arately. Although considerable opposition developed to that part of the Presi dent's program providing for the mili tary operation of the railroads in case of necessity, he insisted it be in cluded. Representative Kitchin said he thought the eight-hour bill with some modification could be put through the House without encountering serious opposition from the Republican side. "Of course, there will be great op position to all of the President's pro gram," said Kitchin, "but I think we can get an eight-hour bill through and prevent the strike. This I think, can be doAe before Saturday night." Mr. Kitchin directed that the House eight-hour bill should be carefully re vised and submitted to the brother hoods for approval and assurances that it satisfies them before It is passed. APPOINTMENTS ANNOUNCED Adjutant General Stewart to-day an nounced the following appointments: First Lieutenant Fred T. Cruse, from United States Army, to be Lieutenant Colonel, Third Field Artillery; Captain William T. Rees, from Battery B, to be Major, First Field Artillery; Clinton T. Bundy, Captain, Battery B, First Field Artillery; Blaine Aiken, First Lieutenant, Batteryy E, First Field Ar tillery; Robert G. Morton, Captain. Company D, Tenth Infantry; John L. Robinson, First Lieutenant. Company D, Tenth Infantry; John Albert Reilly Wilkes-Barre, First Lieutenant Dental Corps; Robert D. Miller, Norrlstown First Lieutenant, Dental Corps. HARRISBURG TELEGRAPH FLAN LIGHTING OF RIVER BASIN Jovian Order Discusses Prob lemsi at Luncheon at Municipal Poj-t Final plans for electrically Illumin ating the Susquehanna river basin on Kipona night, Monday, September 4. were practically completed this after noon by the Jovian League at the week ly luncheon held at the "Municipal Port." The league is acting as an advisory committee on illumination and !s acting with the executive committee of the "Greater Harrlsburg Navy." Within a day or two the half dozen or more new type red buoys, topped with flags, will bo placed on the river to mark the courses. The placing of the floats for the swimmers, boaters and other participant#ln the afternoon program will probably not be necessary until Monday. The executive committee will meet to-night at the park offices to close the entry list, appoint officials and to complete other details. Nightly practices on the river of the war canoe contestants attract hun dreds to the river shores. The Central High School candidates for the blue and gray boat have been called bv Professor Saul, to meet to-morrow evening in George W. Bogar's store to organize. ORDER TO BE RESCINDED IF 8-HOUR LAW PASSES [Continued From First Page] posed the eight-hour day. Appeals to Patriotism Beside that the President takes the position that it is the patriotic duty of the brotherhood leaders to rescind or postpone the strike order in view of his recommendations to Congress and the efforts being made to act upon them. While President Wilson will con tinue to insist on his entire program there were indications to-day that the attention of administration leaders in Congress first will be concentrated on the eight-hour day bill and on the bill to create a commission to investi gate the situation. These two meas ures include the basis of the plan of sattlement proposed by the President to both sides and accepted by the employes. He takes the position that if these bills are passed the men will have no justification for striking. Mails Must Be Hauled Postmaster General Burleson con ferred with President Wilson this morning and said afterward that he will insist that mails be carried on every train moved if a strike comes. If the employes offer to run trains to caj-ry mails, he added, he will in sist that the railroad managements furnish the equipment. Should the President's appeal to the brotherhood heads to rescind the strike order fail he is prepared to issue a public state ment calling upon all the members of the brotherhoods to join in ordering its recall. He would «ay the railroad employes have no right to imperil the industries of the nation under such conditions when the thing they de mand is about to be provided by law. Bill in House House leaders decided not to wait for the Senate to act as they first planned and agreed on a bill designed to carry out the President's recom mendations for an eight-hour day and a commission Investigation. It has some modification from the Senate drafts. It was introduced by Repre sentative Adamson, of Georgia, chair man of the Interstate Commerce Com mittee and has the backing of Speaker Clark and Democratic Leader Kltchtn. Unless the Senate acts promptly on the two propositions—the only ones in the President's program favored by- House leaders at this time a special rule will be invoked to rush the Adam son bill through the House and over to the Senate by Saturday at the latest. Postmaster General Burleson also conferred with Chairman Adamson on movement of the mails. They dis cussed the old law of 1862 which al lowed the President to operate in case of necessity. Day Bill Satisfactory The eight-hour day bill, on which most congressional leaders agree, if enacted by Saturday night, will be suf ficient justification in the opinion of brotherhood leaders for calling off the strike. "Enactment into law of the Presi dent's eight-hour day bill as now drawn, guaranteeing the present ten hour day wage," said W. G. Lee, head of the trainmen's brotherhood, "will be regarded as a satisfactory settle ment of our differences with the rail roads and there will be no strike. In order to prevent a strike, however, this bill must become a law before next Saturday night." The Senate Interstate Commerce committee arranged its first public hearings on the measure to-day and allowed three hours each for argument by brotherhoods and railroads. The plan was to present the finished draft to the Senate Saturday, ready for im mediate action. The House, however, was not dis posed to wait so long. Its leaders set Friday afternoon as the time when they would take the Initiative if the Senate had not acted, and gave as surance that the House would pass the measure then under special rule, mak ing it effective November 1. Eight-Hour Standard The measure contemplated would establish eight hours as the standard work day for railroad' employes en gaged in interstate commerce; it would authorize appointment by the President of a commission to study general conditions under the eight hour day, and report its recommenda tions to Congress, the President and through the President to the Inter state Commerce Commission; pending the report daily wages should not be reduced below the present pay for longer hours. Other Measures " were under contemplation but the eight hour day and investigation proposals were regarded as the most effective pieces of emergency legislation. The attitude of Congress to-day, that «of determination to prevent the strike, was exemplified by th© resolu tion pending in the Senate calling on brotherhood officials to suspend the strike order for one week and the statement of Senator Thomas that If the government failed to protect the public in such a crisis, it had no right to call itself a government. Pennsy Has Options on Autos For Hire, Report Reports were current on the streets this afternoon to the effect that the Pennsylvania Railroad Company had obtained a thirty-day lease option on all available automobiles In the city which might be pressed Into service after Sunday in the event of a strike, but this was* flatly denied by W. R.' Denc-hey. chief clerk to Superintendent W, I!. McCaleb. Mr. Denehey said the company has betn "looking around" for five auto mobiles to be substituted for as many taxlcabs which are used for dally-'serv ilces of the official force. GREECE SOON TO ENTER CONFLICT [Continued From First Page] representative In Greece that the king had fled from Athens. RUMANIANS IN BULGARIAN TOWN Paris, Aug. 31. Rumanian troops, according to a report received here, have occupied the Bulgarian town of Rustchuk. Rustchuk has a popula tion of about 35,000 and Is situated on the Danube opposite the Rumanian town ot Giurgevo. • GERMANS REPULSED By Associated Press Petrograd, Aug. 31. The repulse of a German attack on Russian posi tions in Volhynia, northeast of Kovel, with severe losses Is officially reported to-day. WANT TURKISH AID London, Aug. 31. The Wireless Press to-day gave out a Rome dispatch saying Bulgaria has stipulated she must have the assistance of 200,000 Turks as a condition for a declaration of war on her part against Rumania. BAVARIANS SURRENDER London, Aug. 31. "ln the oper ations south of tyartinpulch (Somme) reported last night." says the British official statement issued this after noon, "two officers and 12-4 soldiers of other ranks surrendered. They be longed to a Bavarian regiment and their willingness to surrender instead of returning to their lines is interest ing. "We discharged gas over a broad front near Arras and also near Armentieres with good results. The enemy shelled Bethune last night which led to heavy retaliation from our guns." London, Aug. 31. The Rumanians have forced the mountain passes guarding Hungary at three points on the long battle line, and are sweeping Into Transylvania. Before the on slaught, which, at one place has pene trated ten miles inside the border, the Austrlans are retiring. Kronstadt, an important city six miles from the border, has been cap tured In the push northward along the western front. Hossezufalu, north east of Kronstadt and Petrozseny, further west, have also fallen. On the northern front, where the Russians have joined the Rumanians, a fierce battle is in progress In the mountains about Gyergo. Here the allied forces have seized two heights, and so won control of another road into Transylvania. Little Resistance Offered The Austrians apparently have been unabel to offer little resistance to the strong Rumanian attack. In a some what cryptic statement Vienna says that "the enemy will boast of the cap ture of Kronstadt," and admits that the Austrian troops have retreated step by step from the frontier. Steadily driving fox-ward, the Ru manians have extended their offensive until now the batle ratges from Orsova opposite the westernmost boundary of Rumania, all the way to Bessarabia — a front of more than 450 miles. The piercing of the mountain passes makes it possible for the Rumanians to flajik the Austrian defenders along practically the whole border line. This will compel an Austrian retirement to a new line in Transylvania. It is ex tremely probable that such a retire ment has been effected already. Turkey Declares War In the meantime the international crisis that is expected to hurl Greece into the European conflict grows more acute. Turkey has declared war on Rumania. So far the position of Greece is con cerned, remobolization of the Greek army is under consideration at Athens. The entry of Rumania into the con flict is said to have created a pro found impression in Greece and the question of a ministerial reorganiza tion, providing for the inclusion in the cabinet of former Premier Veni zelos, has arisen. So far as can be ascertained no decision has been reached on these points. As a result of the Venizelos demonstration on Sunday, King Constantine has decided to appoint a day to receive the deputation. Hindenburg Appointment Marks End of Bitter Strife With Gen. Von Falkenhayn By Associated Press London, Aug. 31. The displace ment of General Von Falkenhayn as German chief of staff and the appoint ment of Field Marshal Von Hinden burg to that post are said by Reuters correspondent at Berne to mark the end of long and bitter strife between these men. Field Marshal Von Hin denburg, he says, is believed generally to favor the moderate policy of Chancellor Von Bethmann-Hollweg while General Von Falkenhayn is among thp opponents of the chan cellor. Berlin, Aug. 30 (via London Aug. 31 >. —The Imperial order of Emperor William removing General Erick Von Falkenhayn as chief of the general staff, reads as follows: "Not wishing to oppose your desire to be relieved of your osce, j se t Z e the opportunity to thank you heartily for the devotion and loyalty you have displayed during the past two years to your heavy and responsible office to which you have devoted a\l your strength and initiative. What you especially accomplished in your ener getic and foreseeing labor and in your indefatigable forethought for the army and the fatherland will never be forgotten. 'The full appreciation of your merits during the war at the head of the general staff must be left to late times. To me, personally, you have been a most loyal and unselfish adviser. Thankfully, my best wishes accom pany you in the future and I confer upon you the cross .and star of a com mander of my royal order of the house of Hohenzollern with swords. (Signed) "WILHELM." In his message to Field Marshal Von Hindenburg, appointing him to succeed, General Von Falkenhayn as chief of the general staff, the Em peror said: "I appoint you chief of the general staff of the field army and am con vinced I could not entrust this office to better hands. I confidently expect you will render the best services im aginable to my army and the father land. 'I seize the opportunity to express to the victorious protector of the eastern front my heartiest thanks for all he has done for the fatherland during the two years of the war." SEVEKE FIGHTING By Associated Press London, Aug. 31.—The fighting la verv severe all along the Macedonian front, says an Athens dispatch to the Wireless Press, which'adds that the Bulgarian regiments suffered a severe check at the hands of the Serbians on thf> entente left flank, and that the Bulgarian losses are estimated at 1i,,000. The Bulgarian regiments, savs the dispatch, attacked the Serbians in close formation, after the German style, near Lorovltz, and suffered se verely. They were compelled to ask for reinforcements from Valbankeni and Kastoria. The Serbians appear to be masters of the situation at Gornl chevo. says the Athens correspondent, and Bulgarian officers of Rumanian origin who deserted said the Bul garians called Gomlchevo "another t Verdun." AUGUST 31, 1916. Pennypacker Is Worse After Another Sinking Spell The condition of former Governor Samuel W. Pennypacker took a turn for the worse yesterday, and last night he was suffering at his home, near Schwenkville, Pa., the second and most dangerous spell since his Illness began. ® r - H. Croskey Allen, his physician, said Mr. Pennypacker's condition was grave. The former Governor was stricken with his first attack of uraemic poison ing early Sunday, and his condition was such that he was not expected to livw many hours. Twenty-Four Dead and 78 Injured in Memphis Wreck Special to the Telegraph Washington, D. C„ Aug. Sl.* Re ports to the i\avy Department from Rear Admiral Charles F. Pond con vinces officials here that fell the officers and crew of the United States armored cruiser Memphis had a narrow escape from destruction when the ship was lifted by the swell of a tidal wave and thrown on a rock in the inner harboi of Santo Domingo City. . Charts show that the Memphis, which draws twenty-five feet of water, was driven over a stretch of water or dinarily from four to five feet deep to a point under a bluff. From this it would appear that the rise of the sea was more than twenty feet. Incomplete reports show that the casualties were not less than 100 men, including twenty-one dead, six very seriously injured, five seriously injured, sixty-seven slightly injured and prob ably several others drowned. August's New Buildings Cost More Than SIOO,OOO August building operations were more than ordinarily active accord ing to the monthly tabulation of per mits which was completed to-day by Chief Clerk Joseph Ibach of the building inspection department. All told there were twenty-seven permits issued at a cost of $102,749. This is some twelve thousand dollars above July of this year and away above the same month of 1915. The final $5,000 boost was added to day when S. Dealham, Jr., got a per mit to remodel 504 Market street. An addition and a new store front will be included in the improvements. TO-DAY'S REALTY TRANSFERS To-day's realty transfers included the following Edward Stauffer to John H. Chubb, Highspire, $1,350; Mary E. Purdy to V. F. Salerno to S. T. Purdy, Lower Paxton, $10; C. L. Brinser to Frank Lex, Swatara township, $450; Harry Kaylor to Clara H. Kaylor, 1909-11 Zarker, $2,500. Has Finger Amputated So He Can Join Troop George William Ream, of Boals burg, who had two joints on the third finger of his right hand removed in order that he could enlist in the Ma chine Gun Troop of the First Cavalry, at Mt. Gretna, will be discharged from the Lebanon hospital to-morrow. On his arrival at headquarters, Mt. Gretna, he will be made a corporal, immediately after being mustered in. Ream was a baseball player and when being examined the surgeon discovered his third finger badly bent. "That finger will Interfere with your duties," said the surgeon, "and I will have to refuse you." "Can I get into the service if I have these two joints removed ?" asked Ream. On being told that he could, the young man immediately applied for admission at the Lebanon hospital where the amputation was made and he will join Lieutenant Theodore Davis Boal to-morrow at Mt. Gretna. Pays $32,000 to Settle Suit For Alienation Baltimore. Md., Aug. 31. The SIOO,OOO suit brought by Mrs. Mary W. Soho against Mrs. Helene Hem meter, wife of the dean of Maryland University, for the alleged alienation of the affections of Mrs. Soho's hus band, Professor Aristo M. Soho, teacher of modern languages at the City College, has been settled, the amount agreed upon being $32,000. With the passing of the order will also pass the alleged letters, written by the defendant to Soho. Mrs. Hem meter will have these letters returned to her. Mrs. Hemmeter is in Maine and will not return until October.' Her husband is also in Maine. The where abouts of Professor Soho are un known. RUSSIANS IN RUMANIA By Associated Frcss Bucharest, Aug. 31. Official an nouncement was made here to-day that the passage of Russian troops through Rumania has begun. BRITISH LOSSES 127,945 By Associated Press London, Aug. 31.—1t was officially announced to-day that the British cas ualties, killed, wounded and missing, on all fighting fronts in the month of Aupust totaled 4,711 officers and 123,234 men. s Distinctive mma Job Printing The kind that grips and holds your attention, produced y by a sales and mechanical force W that is unexcelled in efficiency m Place that printing order with J The Harrisburgi Telegraph Job Rooms and note the distinctive quality of the finished product. This applies to both business and social printing. Thorough knowledge of what is just right and the best of workmanship are elements to be considered when placing that order foi* quality printing. Use the Telephone A Representative will call WOMEN'S SENSE OF HUMOR IS STEADILY DEVELOPING Ability to See Funny Side of Things Will Solve Many Vexing Problems of Sex and Abolish Many Foolish Fashions Now Prevailing. By Dorothy Dix Have women a Bense of humor? Men contend that they have not. Men have frankly admitted that they do not understand woman's anatomy, physical or mental, but they've been sure of one point about her, and that is that she was made out of Adam's wishbone and not out of his funny bone. Tradition has it that to tell her a funny story is like scattering pearls before swine—that she had to have jokes diagrammed for her, and then laughed in the wrong place. This is the way men, who are scin tillating wits abroad, who keep th« table in a roar, excuse themselves fop being dull and grouchy and silent at the domestic breakfast table. They hold that a wife is so lacking in a sense of humor that she is no good even to try out a new joke on. Perhaps it has been true that the woman of the past had little sense of humor and didn't laugh much. They hadn't much to laugh about. Tears were their portion, and in our grand mothers' time when women met to gether they sat up and told one an other mournful stories of trouble and affliction and recounted all of the pain ful details of sickbeds and death-room scenes. * Evolution of Women Bringing an Elongation of the Funny-Bone. But the evolution of women is bring ing with it an elongation of their fun ny-bone. Their sense of humor is be ginning to develop. They laugh more and now when they meet together they exchange jokes instead of symptoms and particulars of their last surgical operation; and the difference comes pretty near to measuring the distance that women have progressed. It shows they are getting a real sense of pro portion in life, and that is what a sense of humor is—in its last analysis. Heaven knows that of all things on earth women most need this sense of humor! Perhaps it is because they haven't had it that they have made traged'es out of things that might have been turned into comedies. For instance, the other day the news papers contained an account of a woman who had had her husband ar rested for assault and battery. The next day when she appeared before the Judge with her eyes blackened, minus two teeth, and with her lip split so she could hardly speak, she said that she desired to withdraw her charge. "For what reason?" inquired the Judge. ''You seem to me to be about as bad a wreck as ever appeared be fore this court. Isn't it true that your husband inflicted these bruises upon you?" "Oh, yes, your Honor," replied th# woman. "But I didn't understand when my husband beat me and I had him arrested that- he was juc* play-, ing a practical joke upon me. I thought he was angry and was beat ing me because he was mad. If I had understood it was all in fun I would never have said a word; for, your Honor, I'm not one of those women who have no sense of humor and can't take a joke." Think, if this spirit could become universal among women, how benefi cent would be its results. Take the matter of the drunken husband, for instance. We all know how excrucia tingly amusing a drunken man is on the stage, and how gladly we give up two dollars of our hard-earned money to see a comedian give a lifelike rep resentation of a gentleman on a spree. Yet there are thousands of women who greet this spectacle in their own homes, not with laughter, but with tears. Is it possible that the wives of drunkards have been missing a good joke and that all they need to turn their sorrow into joy is just to culti vate a sense of humor? And there's the unfaithful hus band—also a source of infinite jest on the stage, the very backbone of every farce. How we scream with laughter as we observe on the stage the merry antics of the gay gentleman who rushes out of one door of the restaur ant with the pretty young girl with whom he has been dining and wining, while his fat wife waddles in at the other door i t hot pursuit of him! Sense of Humor Will Solve Many Problems, Abolish Many Foolish Fashions. How sidesplitting are his deceptions, how killing the lies with which he blinds the confiding wife! How ridic ulous her jealousy! And what a pity that the poor forsaken lady can't join in the laugh and see how funny it all is! What an incentive to wives to culti vate a sense of humor that will enable them to see that a roving husband is a household joke instead of a subject for the divorce court!