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STRIKE MAY DELAY 30,000 GUARDSMEN Will Test Government's Ability to Move Troops in an Emergency Special to the Telegraph Washington, D. C., Aug. 31. —With more than 30,000 troops under orders to move either to or from the border, military necessity aspects of the Im pending strike give promise to-day of furnishing a test of the government's ability to move troops in emergency. Fifteen thousand national guards men have been ordered back to their state mobilization camps. Previously some 12,000 guardsmen in mobilization camps were ordered to the border. The War Department indicates that still other guard regiments soon will be sent south. Another order has directed the re turn of more than 3,000 coast artillery troop? to their stations on the Atlantic and Pacific coasts. Some regiments of the guard or dered south are already en route and others will get started this week. The troop trains in both directions un doubtedly will be on the way next Monday, when the strike is expected to begin. If the troop trains- are stalled on Monday it will become immediately necessary for some authority to he granted so that they can be kept in motion. Ix>oki»K Up Precedents Secretary Baker refused to say whether he had directed a census of guardsmen who are railway engineers, firemen, brakemen or the like. With the strike threatening there has been much looking up of prece dents for the employment of Federal troops. During the strike in 1894. when President Cleveland sent Federal troops to Chicago, his proclamation, which followed the order, declared that the steps had been taken "for the purpose of enforcing the faithful exe cution of the laws of the United States and protecting property belonging to the United States for or under its pro tection and of preventing obstructions of United States mails and of com merce between the states and terri tories and of securing to the United States the right guaranteed by law to the use of such railroads for postal, military, naval and other government service." Penrose and Oliver Do Not Believe Shorter Day Would Help Railroaders Washington, D. C., Sept. 1. —Penn- sylvania's senators are not inclined to support the administration program of legislation fixing eight hours as the bttsis of work and pay for railroad em ployes engaged in interstate commerce. Senators Oliver and Penrose said they ■were not In position to state definitely what their attitude toward the pro posed legislation would be until the administration bill has been drafted and its provisions are definitely known. While neither senator is opposed to the eight-hour workday, they are of the opinion that yie plan suggested will not limit the nours of labor for tlio railroad men to eight and will not in any way shorten their workday. "If the railroad employes inaugurate a successful strike, the industries of Pittsburgh will be entirely paralyzed in a very short time," said Senator Oli ver. "The people would begin to feel the food shortage in a few days, prices would rise to unreasonable heights and we would face a condition approach ing starvation. The mills and factories of the Pittsburgh district would be obliged to close ajid a most distressing condition would be brought about. "If there is a strike of the railroad men as planned, said Senator Pen rose, "perhaps Philadelphia would be I Greatest Kitchen Cabinet I I Sale Ever Inaugurated! J Thousands of this particular style and grade W ■ cabinet made by the McDougalls' for special sales M m to be held all over the United States during the fall « I The New Auto Front 1 I McDougall | ■ The cabinet that will make each kitchen hour M -jk a joy—each meal a pleasure, each day one of happi- I ■ ness and good cheer. Will banish blue Monday and ■ » black Friday, will take drudgery out of the kitchen C B —Always on time and ready for work, will never ■ ■ disappoint you. To live without it, is extravagance, J m Come to our store and let us show you the greatest « B and best cabinet yet produced V [BROWN & CO.) ( 1217 & 1219 N. Third St. | I Omaalal y A t; Afl . This store will observe the usual Fri- 8 ( opBCI3I NOIIC6. day half holiday on Friday, September i 1 1, and September 8. We will be closed on Labor Day, Monday, J 1 September 4. 1 FRIDAY EVENING, TE :T OF ADAMSON BILL ] INTENDED TO STOP STRIKE Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives, that: Section 1. Beginning Uecember 1, IflHI. eight hours shall 111 contracts for labor and service be deemed a day's work and the measure or atand ard of a day's work for the purpose of reckoning the compensation of all employes who are now or may hereafter be employed by any common carrier or railroad which Is subject to the provisions of the act of Feb ruary 1, 1887, entitled, "An act to regulate commerce," as amended, and who are now or may hereafter be actually engaged in any capacity in the operation of trains used for the transportation of persons or property on railroads from any State or territory of the United States or the Dis trict of Columbia to any other State or territory of the United States or in the District of Columbia or from one place in a territory to another place in the same territory or from any place in the United States to an adjacent foreign country or from any place in the United States through a foreign country to any other place in the United States. Section 2. That the President shall appoint a commission of three, which shall observe the operation and effects of the institution of the eight hours standard work day as above defined and the facts and condi tions affecting the relations between such common carriers and employes during a period of not less than six months nor more than nine months, in the discretion of the commission, and within 30 days thereafter such commission shall report its findings to the President and to tlie Congress; that each member of the commission created under the provisions of this act shall receive such compensation as may be fixed by the President. The sum of $25,000 or so much thereof as may bo necessary be and hereby is appropriated out of any money :n the Treasury not otherwise pro vided for the necessary and proper expenses incurred in connection with the work of such commission, Including salaries, per diom, traveling expenses of members and employes and rent, furniture, office fixtures and supplies, books, saiarlcs and other necessary expenses, the same to be approved by the chairman of the said commission and audited by the proper accounting officers of the Treasury. Section 3. That pcudlnc the report of the commission herein pro vided and for a period off 30 days thereaffter the compensation off railway employes subject to this act ffor a standard eight-hour work day shall not be reduced below the present standard *day*s wage anil for all necessary time In excess off eicht hours such employes shall be paid nt a rate not less than a pro rata for such standard eight-hour work day. Section 4. That any person violating any provision of this act shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and upon conviction shall be fined not less than sluo and not more than SI,OOO or imprisoned not to exceed one year, or both. PUBLIC WILL FOOT BILL FOR 8 HOUR DAY ON RAILROADS Special to the Telegraph Washington, D. C., Sept. 1. Repre sentatives of the railroads, of the train men's brotherhoods and of shippers' or : sanitations argued for nine hours yes i terday before the Senate interstate I commerce committee on legislation pro ; posed to avert the threatened strike, recompense the roads for any financial burden, and perfect machinery to make impossible in the future another crisis like the present. Out of the nine hours' argument two facts stood clearly. In the estimation of all affected parties, Congress alone can prevent a strike, and the public eventually will foot the bill for an eight-hour day with ten hours' pay, which the trainmen demand. The rail road executives and the shippers ln ! sisted that the strike order at least should be postponed, and the tour brotherhood chiefs declared with equal vehemence it could not be. All Sides Satisfied All sides apparently were more 01 less satisfied with the hearing, which had given them an opportunity to lay their cases before the public. A dramatic scene—in which A. B. Garretson, spokesman for the trainmen and president of the Order of Railway Conductors, was the central figure, brought the hearing to a climax last night shortly before the taking of tes timony closed. , Throughout the day members of the committee at different times had asa ed the four brotherhood heads if they were powerless to stop the strike save by reporting a satisfactory settlement to their men. The. question invariably was evaded, the replies being that Mr. Garretson would explain the situation before the hearing closed, in which to speak, his brother presi dents urged him to answer the ques in a better position than many other cities, because it has water transpor tation to fall back upon and it is fed by numerous trolley systems that could be utilized. Pittsburgh would be hit hard and her industries would suffer. In fact, every locality fn the State would be Injured by it. We all hope that some means may be found that will avoid any interference with fa cilities." BOY DIES FROM TYPHOID Special to the Telegraph Willamstown, Pa., Sept. 1. —Wilmer Day, aged 5 years, son of Mr. and Mrs. R. W. Day, died yesterday from typhoid fever. tion of power to postpone a strike. Hw I For almost an hour Mr. Uarretsoi. kept the crowd laughing with quaint expressions and humorous stories. When he had only three minutes left j suddenly became serious, stood erect, I at the ceiling for a moment and | then began to speaK. Garretson Kinds Gethsemane I "We have been asked." he said slow ly. "if we have the power to defer this 1 strike. It has been called for next , Monday. I have the power to defer that date in my organization, but in | the other organizations the situation is different. The heads of the other broth erhoods cannot call back the strike order. ' But here is where I stand. For years my men have trusted me. When 1 stood before the President the other night and he asked me if this could be done. I found my Gethsemane. To the men who have made me the recipient of all these things I owe my first ob ligation. I can put it off, but»if r did without gaining a satisfactory settle ment there would linger in the minds of those who have trusted me thoughts of treachery. If T put it! off, across a fair record of thirty years would bu written the word 'traitor.'" Tear* Choke Voice For a moment the witness paused and seemed to peer far out over the heads of the crowds, then tears came into his eyes and rolled down his cheeks. He started to speak, but choked. Apar ently summoning all his strength, he threw out his arms, lowered his eye» to the crowd and in a low voice asked. "Can I face it?' and dropped into his chair. Not a person in the room moved for several seconds. Mr. Garretson relieved the situation by rising from his chair and leaving the chamber. NEW YORK PAYS MORE FOR FOOD Embargo Raises Eggs, Poultry and Moat; Strike Breakers Being Employed By Associated Press New York, Sept. I.—The ultimate consumer got a bitter foretaste of rail road strike conditions to-day. from a sharp advance in prices of food. Deal ers attributed the raise to embargoes on perishable products put into effect last night by several eastern railroads and to prospects of a serious shortage of supplies as soon as the strike Is called. These freight embargoes will be extended to-night and to-morrow night, according to notices issued by the railroads, unless the strike menace disappears before the end of the week. Meat Cioes Higher The wholesale price of eggs of the class most generally used reached 35 cents, 1 cent higher than Wednesday and 10 cents above the price of a year ago. Poultry went from 18 to 25 cents a pound. Wholesale meat dealers in Newark advanced prices half a cent a pound and predicted a further raise. The New York city authorities are considering means to check exorbitant price raising, and although doubt ex ists as to their legal right in this re spect. it has been suggested that the Hoard of Aldermen establish a price fixing commission. Action was delayed in the face of news from Washington indicating more favorable prospects in the railroad situation. Congressional leaders have In their possession to-day messages forwarded by three prominent New York organ izations opposing "hasty" action to prevent a strike. The Chamber of Commerce has sent a resolution de claring that emergency legislation passed in advance of complete studv "will be fraught with far-reaching.and incalculable danger to the whole hodv politic." The merchants' association protested against action until Congress obtains full information. The bank ers' association sent a protest against action by Congress fixing rates of wages and working hours of railroad employes. Thousands of Strikc-Brcnkcrs No statements have come from rail road headquarters here regarding the employment of strike-breakers, but ac cord ing to the agencies which have been mustering these emergency work ers there are several thousand of them already in the city. Railroad officials say they are flooded with applications for jobs from former employes. September commutation tickets are on sale to-day as usual at the begin ning of the month. Commutation books are sold, however, subject to in terruptions of traffic due to a possible strike. The railroads are at work unon H traffic schedule to be put into effect if the strike comes, but these will not be made public before next week. Trainmen Executives Open 'Quarters at Pittsburgh By Associated Press Fittsburgh, Sept. I.—ln order to ad vise officials of railroad brotherhoods in the Pittsburgh district, should a strike be called, and to preserve order, three of the higher officials of the trainmen's organizations opened head quarters to-day and will keep in close | touch with the numerous locals here. Officials already here are Arthur J. Lovell. of Logansport, Ind., vice-presi dent of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Englnemen; C. R. Carl ton, of Louisville, Ky., chairman of the brotherhood of Railroad Trajnmen, of Pennsylvania lines west of Pittsburgh, and D. D. Miller, of Fort Wayne, Ind., chairman of the Brotherhood of Loco motive Firemen and Eneineiucu. HARRISBURG TELEGRAPH FOR THE INFORMATION OF THE PUBLIC: The Railroads' statement of their posi tion on the threatened to the President of the United States A strike on all the railroads of the "country has been called by the Train Brotherhoods for 7 o'clock Monday morning, September 4. This strike was ordered from Washington while the President of the United States was making every effort to avert the disaster. The Final Railroad Proposal The final proposal made by the railroads for a peaceful settlement of the con troversy, but which was rejected by the brotherhoods, was as follows: (a) The railroads will, effective September i, 1916, actual experience as their judgment approves or the keep the time of all men represented in this movement, President may fix, not, however, less than three upon an 8 hour basis and by separate account, monthly, months. with each .man, maintain a record of the difference „• t t.* » .. between the money actually earned by him on the far-reaching consequences of the present basis and the amount that would have been m ? d * by the President, accepting the earned upon an 8 hour basis-overtime on each basis "? fc °fl Up ° n the f^ lroad f ai ' d the passes to be computed pro rata. ?* labo k r . "solved directly in this controversy, but to F the public and upon all industry, it seems plain that The amounts so shown will be subject to the before the existing conditions are changed, the whole decision of the Commission, provided for in Paragraph subject in so far as it affects the railroads and their (c) of this memorandum and payable in money, as employees, should be investigated and determined by may be directed by said Commission in its findings and a Commission to be appointed by the President, of decision. such standing as to compel attention and respect to » _ its findings. The judgment of such a Commission (b) _ The Interstate Commerce Commission to would be a helpful basis for adjustments with labor supervise the keeping of these accounts and report the and such legislation as intelligent public opinion, so increased cost of the 8 hour basis, after such period of informed, might demand. Statement of Executives to the President In submitting this proposal to the President, the fifty railroad executives called to Washington and representing all the great arteries of traffic, made this statement to him of their convictions: The demands in this controversy have not been effort is required for the public welfare, would be presented, in our judgment, for the purpose of fixing a harmful beyond calculation. KSSI £2rc n ° r a re f d u UC /° n ( in the The widespread effect upon the industries of the ° r ,±L gC , r n o r °u f .° pera * ~untry as a whole is beyond measure or appraise •! "' .O" of an men t at this time, and we agree with the insistent and increase iiv ages of approximately One Hundred widespread public concern over the gravity of the Million Dollars per annum or 3 5 per cent, for the men situation and the consequences of a by the in railroad freight train and yard service represented ra ii ro ads in this emergency, by the labor organizations m this matter. T ,-i . _ In like manner we are deeply impressed with tho After careful examination of the facts and patient sense of our responsibility to maintain and keep open and continuous consultation with the Conference the arteries of transportation, which carry the life Committee of Managers, and among ourselves, we blood of the commerce of the country, and of the have reached a clear understanding of the magnitude consequences that will flow from even temporary of the questions, and of the serious consequences to interruption of service over the railroads, but the the railroads and to the public, involved in the decision issues presented have been raised above and beyond of them. the social and monetary questions involved, and Trustees for the Public responsibility for the consequences that may arise will rest upon those that provoke it. As trustees for the public served by our lines and _ ... _ . for the great mass of the less powerful employees (not 1 UDIIC Investigation Urged less than 80 per cent, of the whole number) interested Tt,» j • , . « in the railroVd wage fund-as trustees also for the ™^ g ' millions of people that have invested their savings and fln J J. • • h K1 - investigation capital in the bonds and stock of these properties, K * rou * h . th « TTJ ° f IV and who through the saving banks, trust Companies LS ° ' ° Tvf dls P osed of ' to the P ubhc and insurance companies, ar! vitally interested to the faction, in any other manner, extent of millions of dollars, in the integrity and 7 decision of a Commission or Board of Arbi solvency of the railroads of the country, we cannot in tration, having the public confidence, will be accepted conscience surrender without a hearing, the principle y P u ° l,c> and the social and financial rearrange involved, nor undertake to transfer the enormous cost ments made necessary thereby will be undertaken by that will result to the transportation of the commerce public, but in no less deliberate nor orderly of the country. manner. , , ... . ... . The railroads of the country cannot under present . eight-hour day without punitive overtime conditions assume this enormous increase in their involves an annual increase approximately, in the expenses. If imposed upon them, it would involve aggregate of Sixty Millions of Dollars, and an increase many in early financial embarrassment and bank of more than 20 per cent, in the _pay of the men, ruptcy and imperil the power of all to maintain already the most highly paid in the transportation their credit and the integrity of their securities, service. . .... . , .. The immediate increase in cost, followed by other The ultimate cost to the railroads of an admission increases that would be inevitable, would substan in this manner of the principle under contention tially appropriate the present purchasing power of cannot now be estimated; the effect upon the effi- the railroads and disable them from expanding and ciency of the transportation of the country now improving their facilities and equipment, to keep already under severe test under the tide of business abreast of the demands of the country for efficient now moving, and at a time when more, instead of less, transportation service. In good faith we have worked continuously and earnestly in a sincere effort to solve the problem in justice to all the parties at interest. These efforts were still in progress when the issuance of the strike order showed them to be unavailing. Problem Threatens Democracy Itself The strike, if it comes, will be forced upon the country by the best paid class of laborers in the world, at a time when the country has the greatest need for transportation efficiency. The problem presented is not that alone of the railroad or business worldf but involving democracy itself, and sharply presents the question whether any group of citizens should be allowed to possess the power to imperil the life of the country by conspiring to block the arteries of commerce. HA y* R. S. LOVBTT, A. H. SMITH, Chicago, Burlington A Quinor Railroad. Union Pacific Sy.tam New York Central Llnaa. W. W. ATTBRBURY, B. P. RIPLEY, FRANK. TRUMBULL, ennty vania at ro»d. AtcbUon, Topaka A Santa Pa Sritem. Cheiapeaka A Ohio Railway. FAIRFAX HARRISON, OANIEL WILLARD, Railway, Baltimore and Ohio Rail*** - - Mail Delivery Planned For Marietta by Department Special to the Telegraph Marietta, Pa., Sept. I.—Post Office Inspector Gartland, with Postmaster Orth, hua gone over the town and through Mr. Orth working the matter to (he satisfaction of the authorities Marietta will have city delivery before long. It now rests with borough coun cil to number the houses and name the streets, and as soon as this is fin ished the delivery will begin. . ( SEPTEMBER 1, 1916. I 'IX) CONTEST WILL Special to the Telegraph i Waynesboro, Pa., Sept. I.—The will ! of the late Mrs. Eleanor J. Murdock, this city, will be contested by the heirs i at law. Her estate, valued between $5,000 and $6,000. was bequeathed to i the Methodist Episcopal Church. PIKETOW.V PASTOR TO PREACH Special to the Telegraph New Cumberland, Pa., Sept. I.—The Rev. Jonas Martin, pastor of the Church of God of Piketown, Dauphin county, will preach in the Church of God at New Cumberland at 10.30 o'clock Sunday morning.