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Americans Cling toe Heads Under Fire of Germans; Austrians JFt-*F sn ..* "w t^o-
HARRISBURG lfil|Bll TELEGRAPH ®K otar- ftidcpeitftwi ' LXXXVII— No. 182 12 PAGES MARRIAGE ALONE WILL NOT EXEMPT MEN FROM ARMY Way to Win War Is to Pusli, It to Quick Conclusion, Says Baker YOUTHS ARE TO GO LAST Boys Between 18 and 19 Not to Fight Until Services Are Absolujely Needed By Associated Press Washington, Aug. 19.—Eighty American divisions of 45,000 men each, General March told the House Military Committee 1 to-day, "should be able to bring the war to a successful con clusion in 1919." That is the number the War Department plans to have in France by next Juue 30. The eighty division plan, Cen tral March said, depended on shipping facilities, but he added: "1 might as well say right here,! frankly, that the program of Mr. Schwab will take care of the aymy program and gain on it." i Exemption of married men simply because of their married status is contemplated by the War Depart ment in preparing for the proposed extension of draft ages, Secretary Baker declared to-day in a statement: before the House military commit tee on the new administration man-; power bill. Mr. Baker said his previous re-! marks on this subject had been mis construed, and that married men who do not support their families and who are not engaged in useful occupations will continue to be call ed. Ought to Kiglit "There are many married men in the country who ought to go and tight as freely as single men," he added. The War Secretary, with General March and Provost Marshal General Crowder appeared before the House committee at opening hearings to reiterate their explanation given the Senate that immediate enactment of the manpower bill is imperative in order to carry out the enlarger war program. "There are two ways of prosecut ing'thls war," Mr. Baker said, way is to make every possible effort to do it now and the other is to pro ceed more leisurely and do it later. The obvious advantage from every standpoint, social, military, indus trial and economic,*is to put forth every effort in this country and win the war as soon as possible." Boys Go Ist T.eaving an explanation of the manpower situation to General t'rowder, the secretary announced that because of objections to calling boys of 1 8 he had planned to defer their call as long us possible and would not object to placing a pro vision in the bill making a separate class of men between 18 and 19 years and for deferring calling them "as far as practicable" until after others in class one had been exhaust ed. "There is a sentiment in this com mittee." said Mr. Baker, "I don't know how large, against calling men as young as IS unless it is absolutely necessary. I think the sentiment of the country is to get all the men necessary. But from the beginning 1 have planned as a matter of regu lation, to have men from 18 to 19 put in a separate class, with a view to deferring their call until it is nec essary." He added that this preference might well be left to executive regu lations, but he would have no ob jection to having a specific provision written into the bill. To Get Quick Training As to how long before men called under the new law will go across, Baker said not more than six months' training would be given at home. In extending the draft ages. Sec retary Baker said, suspension of academic education is an "unsolved problem" of the situation, and that it would be most unfortunate to have nil collegiate education stopped. He believed there still would be many youths left at school, but was against exemption of college students as a class, as "thoroughly undemocratic." [Continued on Page 12.] SAVING FOR WAR STAMPS NOW makes VACATION MONEY FOR 1923 &5T Just Think It Over THE WEATHER] For Harrlaburg nnd vicinity; Fair, continued cool to-night; Tur*. duy fair, with rlitlng tempera ture. For Enatrrn Pennsylvania; Fair continued cool to-night;/ Tues day fnlr, slightly warmer; di minishing northeast winds. River The Susquehanna river nnd all Its branches will continue to fnll slowly. Temperature; 8 n. m., 80. River Stage; 8 a. m., 3.7 feet above low-water mark. Snn; Rises, 0;1' a. m.| seta, 7141 p. m. Yeaterdny'a Weather Highest temperature. AN. I.owest temperature. 58. Mean temperature, 63. JToraial temperature, 72. FRENCH ADVANCE TWO MILES AND TAKE 1,700 PRISONERS Smashing Victory Is Won Between Oise and the Aisneon Wide Front FOE RESISTS DESPERATELY Import ant Objectives, Taken in Assaults ; Begun at Night By Associated Press London, Aug. 19-4.45 p. m. —French troops penetrated into the village of Le Hamel, on the hills west of the Oise and northwest of Ribecourt to-day, according to advices from the front. During the fighting to-day the French were on the aggressive but made some slight headway against determined German resistance between Lassigny and the Oise. London, Aug. 19.—The French. Tenth army, which attacked; the German positions between | the Oise and the Aisne last; night, has penetrated to an ex-j trenie depth of nearlv two miles.' I The enemy machine gunners are resisting desperate';, and the German air service also is very active. St. Mard-les-Triot, a little over i a mile southwest of Roye was taken by the French yesterday, according to reports from the battle front. The French also :aptured the town of Betiv raignes, 2 3-4 miles south of St. Mard, according to dispatches. The new French line runs from Fontenoy to the ridge south of Andignicourt. From there it runs to Nampiel which the French have surrounded, and extends to the edge of the Montague forest. It passes about fifteen hundred meters south of Carlepont and finally joins the old line north of Tracy-le-Val. The French now hold rather important high ground to the south of Andigni court. Ihtris, Aug. 19.—Between the Oise und the Aisne French troops attack ed at 6 o'clock last night over a front of tifteen kilometers between Carlepont about four miles east of Ribecourt and Fontenoy, approxi mately six miles west of Soissons. They advanced an average distance of two kilometers over the whole front, according to the official state ment issued by the war office. There were violent artillery ac tions north and south of the Avre river during the night, says to-day's war office statement. The French have occupied the plateau west of Nampoel, about seven miles northwest of Fontenoy. and the edge of the ravine south of Andignicourt, two miles and a half east of Nampoel, according to the statement. Nouvron-Vingre was cap tured. Seventeen hundred prisoners, including two battalion commanders, were taken in the operation. Artillery Active The text reads: "During the night there were vio lent artillery actions north and south of the Avre. "The number of prisoners counted in the region west of Roye yesterday exceeds 400. "Last evening at 6 o'clock French troops attacked to rectify their front between the Oise and the Aisne. The attack was on a front of about fif teen kilometers from south of Carle pont to Fontenoy. We have realized an advance over the whole line to an average of two kilometers approxi mately. Take 1,700 Prisoners "We have occupied the plateau of Nampeel, reached the south edge of the ravine at Andignicourt and cap tured Nouvron-Vingre. Seventeen hundred prisoners, including two battalion commanders, wVe cap tured. "The night was calm on the rest of the front." LIBERATED BY SOVIETS Paris, Aug. 19. General Laver gne and the staff of the French mili tary mission at Moscow, who were placed under arrest when the Allied consuls were taken Into custody by the Bolsheviki, have been liberated, according to a Copenhagen dispatch to the Temps. FRANCE DECORATES HAIG Paris. Aug. 19.—Field Marshal Sir Douglas Haig was decorated by Pre mier Clemenceau with the French Military Medal at headquarters in the field to-day. The award was made on the recommendation of Marshal Foch. - , SINGLE cor* > TEXTS Anybody Know Where the Fire-Escape Is? ~ /:■*&* GERMAN PRESS PREPARES WAY FOR A RETREAT Retirement Necessary Because of Foch's Masterly Blows Against Hun Lines By Associated Press Paris, Aug. 19.—The German press is attempting to reassure its public that a general retreat is necessary on the western front to allow General Ludenorff room to maneuver and to assume the initiative on a vast scale, the newspapers report. A Ger man retreat, the newspapers say, would be a direct result of the re cent allied successes. The newspapers assert that even if the Germans re [Contiiiuod on Page 12.] BONDS REACH NEW LEVEL New .York, Aug. 19.—Liberty Bonds, 3%5, opened on the Stock Exchange at 101, a new high record 1 by one-half of one per cent. GET GREATER RESULTS FROM ADVERTISING NOW THAN EVER Harry G. Self ridge, of London's "Miracle Store," Tells How He Forces Trade to Expand Under Abnormal Conditions Charles N. Wheeler, London cor respondent of the Chicago Tribune, in an interview with Harry Gordon Selfridge, of London's 'Miracle Store,' says: "On August o, 1914, the day after war was declared, I In creased our advertising space. From that day 1 have been buying all the advertising space available. I would do more advertising if I could get the space. "We are limited only by the limi tations of the newspapers. We are taking right now every inch they will give us and at rates that vtould make us in the states turn somersaults and fall over backwards. "I am paying at the rate of $1 per agate line for display space right now I will take more space if they will give it to me—and at that rate. I probably will pay more before the war Is over. But X will take all they wil. give. "The first four months of this year have been the biggest four months in our history. This growth has come because we have forced it. At the beginning of this year we were the sixteenth largest house of the kind in th 3 world. At the end of this year we will be the sixth. Within two years after the new store building Is completed we will be first. "A big factor—a very big factor— In this record has been and will con tinue to be newspaper advertising. HARRISBURG, PA, MONDAY EVENING, AUGUST 19, 1918 776 NAMES ON THE LARGEST LIST OF U. S. CASUALTIES Many Pennsylvanians Listed Among Heroes in France By Associated Press Washington. Aug. 19.—A total of 746 names to-day is contained in the double casualty list, making the largest American total since the be ginning of the war. In addition thir ty names in a Marine Corps list. Army The following -casualties are re ported by the Commanding General [Continued on Page 12.] LIEFT. FROEHLICH PROMOTED Lieutenant Samuel S. Froehlich, of Harrisburg, has been promoted to battalion adjutant of the Three Hun dred and Seventy-second Infantry now serving in France. We never could have broken through these traditions over here without it. We had to use all we could to break down prejudices. We made people stop, look and listen. Then the store itsel f did the rest. "Wo now talk to millions of people eveiy day through our advertising columns, and they believe in us. trust us, respond to that advertising qu-ckly and continue to be our cus tomers in all kinds of weather. The large business enterprise that is not going the limit in advertising just now is making a huge mistake. "Now. more than at any other time. It, is necessary to push the dis play advertising. If retrenchments appear necessary they should be n;ad in every other department but the publicity one—the newspaper ad vertising one. These prices they are soaking us now for space are simply awfui—but I'll take more space if thev will give it to me." Cf present conditions Mr. Selfridge says: "The businessman who fails to rcaJzi that right now—in war time —h-.; should drive ahead with his ad vf rtlsing at greater speed than ever before has overlooked a golden op portunity. At no time in the history of our business here has advertising paid such large returns as right now. My only regret Is that I can't buy irqnu apace." 110 TH WRITES A BRIGHT PAGE IN U. S. HISTORY Company C Loses AH but 32 Men and One of Its Officers Philadelphia, Aug. 19.—Bright will ! be the praises in the history of the I great war of Company C, of the 110 th Regiment, a unit in the Key stone Division that has suffered heav ily in the great Yankee offensive. Particularly bright will be the praises showered on the Philadelphians for the part they have taken. When this unit was thrown in to help check the great tidal wave of Germans across the Marne on the morning of July 15, it numbered 224 members, 219 privates and five of ficers. Four days later. Lieutenant Jay A. Smith, the sole surviving com missioned officer, with 32 men, re joined the regiment. Twenty-one men were killed in action, he reported, while five were wounded with the four commissioned officers and 164 men missing. B'ormed by the amalgamation of Company C, of the 3d Regiment of the old Pennsylvania National Guard, and Company C of the old 10th, Company C, of the 110 th, included 144 Philadelphians on its roster. So far the families of twenty-three of the 144 Philadelphians in the unit have been notified that their sons are "missing in action," and one la,d is reported killed. Just how many of the remaining 120 have been killed, captured or wounded, remains for J future casualty lists to tell. From all accounts. Company C lived up to the traditions which have come down to its members through a century of existence. It was the old est unit in the old 3d Regiment, hav ing been organized as the Philadel phia Grays about one hundred years ago, and served with distinction through the Mexican and Civil War. In the former it took part in the storming of the fortress of Chapul tepec. 200 REFUGEES TRY TO GET OUT OF RUSSIA Washington. Aug. 19.—Sweden has been asked by the Swedish consular officer at Moscow, acting for the American and allied consul there, to send a ship to Petrograd to take away 200 refugees, or if this is im possible, to obtain permission for these persons to pass through Fin land. HAS SKULL FRACTURED Joseph Snyder, aged 42. Beaufort Farms, on the Linglestown Road, frac tured his skull this morning, and was brought to the Harrlsburg Hospital for treatment at 8 o'clock. He was kicked by a horse while hitching it. \ . \ CENTURY-OLD WELL IS FOUND AT COURTHOUSE Closed and Location Forgot ten Many, Many Years Ago STILL HAS WATER IN IT Workmen Make Discovery While Digging to Make Sewer Repairs City highway department work men making an excavation in front of the Courthouse to-day so that re pairs could be made to a sewer in let there, found an old well opening which had evidently been closed for many years, and was built scores of years, jossibly f a century, ago. An old resident of the city vol unteered 'ho informatibn to-day that when he came to Harrisburg in 1859 an old pomp stood in front of the Courthouse, about where the present foundation stands. The well which the highway department em ployes found is just a few feet east of the fountain and is probably the one which was in use at that time. In digging along the edge of the Courthouse pavement the workmen struck some rusty pieces of iron. Re moving a number of these and much of the dirt the well opening, about five feet in diameter, was found. The well now is about twenty-live feet deep und has several feet of wa ter in it. It is believed that it was probably much deeper years ago when it was first opened but that stones from the walls and dirt from the top fell into it. City highway department officials decided not to till it in and as soon as all necessary repairs are complet ed will cover it aguin, replace the dirt which was removed and relay the pavement along the curb. It is believed by officials that the pump was removed and the well closed in the early sixties when the Court house was rebuilt. Former Governor Prouty, of Vermont, Killed When Train Hits Automobile Shcrbrookc. Que., Aug. 19.—For mer Governor G. H. Prouty, of Ver mont, was killed when the automo bile in which he was riding was struck by a Grand Trunk train near Waterville to-day. "Che chauffeur was rendered unconscious. Mr. Prouty was on his way from Newport, Vt., to take a train -at Len noxvtlle for Jackman, Me., when the chauffeur failed to observe the ap proaching engine owing to a dense fog. Mr: Prouty was instantly killed. The chauffeur, J. W. Blay, was taken to a hospital suffering from concus sion of the brain. U-Boat Sinks Nordhav Off the Virginia Capes Washington, Aug. 19.—The Nor wegian bark Nordhav was sunk by a German submarine 125 miles off the Virginia capes Saturday. Her crew escaped in small boats and have been brought into an Atlantic port by an American warship. Advices to the Navy Department to-day announcing the sinking did not say whether the bark was tor pedoed or shelled. She was a vessel pf 2,623 net tons and sailed on June 15 from Buenos Aires. Captain Berntsen was master of the bark. American Troops Are Great Help in France Beaver, Aug. 19.—Credit to the American troops is given by Briga dier General H. W. Thornton, of the royal engineers of Great Britain, in a letter to Colonel Samuel Moody, of Beaver. "Things are going very well at this moment in the war, and a large part of it is due to the magnificent per formance of the American troops," says General Thornton. "All my Eng lish military friends tell me they are splendid. You may also be broud of the fine work being done by the American railway men in France, Atterbury down." WINS 00T1I AIR VICTORY Paris, Aug. 19. —Lieutenant Rene Fonck, the French aviator, shot down three German airplanes on Wednesday, it is officially announc ed. This brings his total number of air victories up to sixty. NEWSPAPERS EIGHT CENTS For the list time yesterday, Phila delphia newspapers sold In Harris burg for eight cents the copy. This is a result of the new regulations Is sued by the Federal authorities. Seven cents is the price in Philadelphia. YOUTHS OF 21 MUST/ REGISTER AUG. 24 The War Department requests publication of this announcement: "All male persons who have reached their twenty-first birth day since June 5, 1918, and on or before August 23, 1918, must reg ister on August 24. 1918. "These men should consult with local draft boards as to how and when they should register. "Provision will be, made for the registration by mail of any person who expects to be absent on registration day from the Jur isdiction of the board where he permanently resides, but in such a case extreme care should be taken by him to see that his reg-' istration card reaches his home board on or before "August 24. Such persons are advised to apply at once to a local board for In structions as to how to proceed. ONLY EVENING ASSOCIATE!! CHESS NEWSPAPER IN H AttltlSlll'ltG KUEHLMANN TO LEAD IN WEST By Associated Press Lomlon, Aug. 19. —A dispatch to the Exchange Telegraph from Amsterdam, quoting a report re ceived from Berlin, says Dr. Richard Von Kuehlmann. former German foreign secretary, has re ported to the military authorities. The dispatch adds that it is ex pected they will give him a com mand in the west. He is a major in the Bavarian Cuirassiers. WARM WEATHER WILL SOON M AKE ITS APPEARANCE Temperatures to Come Back to Normal by Tomorrow, Is Forecast The cool weather that has been present in Harrisburg is scheduled to pass away to-morrow. Cool weather will continue to-day and to-night, but the mercury will rise to-mor row morning, official weather reports say. The low temperatures to-day and the past several days has not been so low nor so extended that damage of any extent has been suf fered by the late growing crops. The weather yesterday was nine degrees below what it normally is at this time of the year. The mean temperature for the day was but 63 degrees, while the normal tempera ture for August 18 is 72. Not even did the highest temperature reach the normal temperature, the mercury only scaling the heights of' 68 de grees. The lowest temperature re corded last night was 58 degrees. The mercury this morning at eight o'clock registered only 60 degrees, so weath er Just as cool and even cooler is prevailing throughout Central Penn sylvania to-day. The temperature prevalent in this section are from two to six degrees lower than they were on Saturday morning. Only a few sections of the country report rises in temperature. Only a few weather bureaus in the far west and extreme north report lower temperatures than do Harris burg. Harrisburg's temperatures are the coolest for this latitdue. : hut.'" MAY wrnii.'i'.'.T FR*ORE ; !'<••: •■•• u Or vkw fro* r |*V, l rII A HI-: FRIT ... Y7N "RAKCiv- OK' ■: i THE NEW SOMME FRONT. LOCAL FIGHTING \ CONTINUES, THE ENTENTE ALLIED FORCES | BITING OFF PIECES,HERE AND THERE ALL i ALONG THE LINE. PATROL FIGHTING HAS J | CONTINUED AND THERE ARE SOME INDICA i TIONS THAT THE ENEMY HAS MADE UP HIS ... | MIND TO WITHDRAW .FROM THE PRESENT I FRONT. INTENSE SHELLING AND BOMBING | OF ENEMY REAR AREAS CONTINUES. AT NO ' 1 POINT HAS THE ENfcMY ORGANIZED ATTACKS | EVEN AGAINST THE NEW OUTPOSTS OF THE a BRITISH. | BRETZ CREDITORS MEET ; Harrisburg-7-Croditors of the Bretz Brothers were I meeting in the bankruptcy proceedings against them this ! afternoon. In the examination of Harry. M. Bretz it was . : j | revealed that he had not included in the statement 06 his !' * . I liabilities a $lBB check mad# payable to the city of Har- I risburg for which he did not have sufficient funds in •; ' bank, and a $lO,lOO note in which he is a joint maker and ■ ; liable <n the extent of $3,600. He had "overlooked" them, :he said. He believes that he may have stock sufficien to j If c m \t i: 1 ! FRENCH GAINS VERY IMPORTANT |j . • . ■: .h ii'i ilic •' - ' >".t ff I | K viewpoint of .future operations. The French won valuable ; I high ground and are in a pesihon to give the Germans II the greatest anxiety both east arid west of Soi69ons. The I French, now hold the .ridges overleoktng the Oise valley ; on both north and south aind large bodies of German i troops stationed along the little river are in a position j where they are continually menaced from the north and j |> the south by > a mdvemer.t v/hich would pinch them.-; severly IfT.'V - \ S ►I; • m U* MARRIAGE LICENSES John I. Trnkmnn and Catherine T. Parker, Baltimore, Md. HOME EDITION BRITISH TAKE < 500 PRISONERS, REPULSING FOE (German Heavy Counterattack Beaten Off With Great Losses HAIG IS HOLDING FIRMLY Positions Overlooking Ground Held by Enemy in Brit ish Hands By Associated Press With the British Army in France, Aug. 19. British troops after capturing Otter steen ridge, in front of the town by Merris, have beaten off a vicious counterattack and in flicted heavy losses on the enemy. More than 500 Germans were captured. The ridge was captured by the British yesterday and the Ger mans counterattacked last night and this morning. The position, which over looks considerable ground held by the enemy in the direction of Bailleul, now is firmly in British hands. CZECHOSLOVAK FORCE STARTS FOR HARBHV Tokto, Aug. IS. (Delayed).— I Czecho-Slovak forces from the mari- I time provinces of Siberia loft for Harbin on August 8 over the Clii ! nese Eastern Railway, it is officially announced. Along the Ussuri front, where tho enemy forces number 100,000 strong, quiet prevails, it is said. The Boi sheviki and Austro-Germans are visibly affected by the arrival of Al lied troops and the number of de sertions from their ranks is incrce s ing, it is reported.