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HARRISBURG tglftsb TELEGRAPH (fte gloc-flnftcpcnftrnl. Ixxxvill— No. 5 18 PAGES D,lly Ma F^ c r ep JtlWct E o n fli e c r e €d at a, Hi ; r e r c .rb d ur^ a,!S HARRISBURG. PA.. THURSDAY EVENING, JANUARY 9, 1919. HOMfc EDITION , RAILROADS GIVE THEIR PLAN FOR OPERATING LINES Calls For Private Ownership With Federal Regulation IX) ARBITRATE SCALES literstate Commerce Body to Be Supreme Court of • % I Review S BACKED BY BIG MEN Adequate Service at Lowest Cost Planned by Road Owners By Associated Press Washington, Jan. 9.—A conipre lensive program for private owner hip and management of railroads nder strict Government regulation vas laid before the Senate Interstate lommerce Commission Committee o-day by T. DeWitt Cuyler, cliair nan of the Association of Railway executives, representing virtually all eading roads in the United States, 'he plan includes provision for iierging systems, a large measure of indication of operation, -pooling of i utilities, and, in certain cases, of arnings, and enforcement of ade-1 uate service tinder supervision of Secretary of Transportation, a new! 'abinet officer, with tile Interstate' .'omnierce Commission acting as a uprcnte court of review of rate dis putes. Wage and employment disputes; illicit could not be settled between tnployes and management would be) eferred to an adjustment board j lithin the Department of Transpor-j ation under the plan, and strikes .nd lockouts forbidden pending in- ' estigation. Most operating reforms effected i luring unified management by the' railroad Administration would be' ontinued, but the executives object] 0 Director General McAdoo's pro tosal for five-year extension of Gov irnment control. Their suggestions ire similar to the recommendations pf the Interstate Commerce Commis ion, presented to the Senate Com - nittee at hearings earlier this week. Fundamental Purpose "The fundamental and essential purpose to be accomplished is to urnish the public with safe, efticient ind adequate transportation ut the owest cost consistent with such ervice," said Mr. Cuyler. reading to he coniniittee a prepared statement, 'and with due regurd to the just nterests of the owners and employes, .nd also adequate to the nation's leeds even in times of great national •mergeney or peril." He declared that whatever plan pr policy should be adopted, provi ion should be made for adequate ervice for the country's needs, for tecessary construction with preven ion of waste by injudicious road milding, for consolidations when lictated by public interest and "for 1 rate structure which will provide tifilcient revenues and create suffi cient credit to accomplish these pur loses." "To this end," said Mr. Cuyler, 'private ownership, management and pperation of the American railways hould, as a matter of national pol cy, he continued. "The power of regulation of the nstrumentallties of interstate com neree. as to all tilings substantially ffecting them, including all rates, tates and interstate, should be ex luslvely in the hands of the national iovernment. State commissions hould not be interfered with by the ■'ederal act so far as necessary to •arry out the purposes herein men ioned. "The Interstate Commerce Com nission should act as a quasi-judicial pody clothed with- authority to pass ipon all questions concerning the [Continued on Page 18.] tail Earnings For 1918 1196,000,000 Short of Sum Nations Must Pay Owners Washington, Jan. 9. —Railroad arnings under government opera ion during the calendar year 1918 rill fall short about $196,000,000 of he standard Fetum which the gov rnment must pay the roads. This evised estimate was submitted by lirector General McAdoo to Senator mith, chairman of the Interstate iommerce Comittee, in a letter made üblic yesterday and represents an ddition of $60,000,000 to the esti nate given by Mr. McAdoo in his re ent testimony before the commit :e. Mr. McAdoo explained that the in reased estimate was based on actual ct revenue for November, which o\v was available and which was 23.000.000 less than was anttcipat d when he appeared before the ommittee. THE WEATHER For lliirrlsburg nnd vlrlnlljp I n srttlril, prulinbly snow flurrlr* (bis nflrriioon anil 10-nlglit; ••older 10-nlght, witli lowrsl lem pern lii re nbnnl 10 dricrrrn; l-'rldii, fnlr nuil eolder with n eolil "live. For Hnstrrn I'eiins.elvnnlm Snow flurries Ibis afternoon nnd to nlKbl. eolder to-night I Frldiiy fnlr nnd eolder, with n eold wnvei strong southwest, shift ing to northwest winds to-night. Maybe Those Overseas Boys Who Are Complaining So Be- ! cause T/icy Carc'J Come Home Have Forgotten Something j i ! ' I GUESS Te BATH f /' ROOM PIPES ARE FfeOZfN . j rc //^ v \>- T oo C.eohc,£. it s LEAKING [\ J J <"/ I TH R0 THE J \,7 M spy 1 I P®- wL RETURNS FOR 1918' INCOME TAX ARE BEING DELAYED Revenue Clerks Held L'p as. * Congress Talks Long Over Rill Instructions in regard to the; mcthood for making income tax re-! turns for J919 are expected at the' office of the Internal Tlevenue Col- j lector in the postoffice building; within a few days, or us soon as; the revenue bill now before Con gress is enacted, it was announced I this morning. Last year the officials in charge) of making out the returns and col lecting the income tax blanks, had j received instructions at the begin-j ning of the year to begin the work,! as all statements had to be filed by March 1. Later the time limit was extended until April 1, giving the taxpayers an additional thirty days. With the details of the inc<yne tax law still uncertain, it is impos sible for the local officials to begin the work. As soon as they receive the instructions, and the supplies are received, the offices in the post office will be headquarters for all who come under the regulations of the act and who desire information as to how to file their statements. Advice and help in fdling out the statements can be secured by the taxpayers from the internal revenue ! officials daily. The work here will be in charge I of S. P. Backenstow and R. K. Mc | Pherson, deputy internal revenue col ' leltors. 11. A. Yollmer, internal revenue collector, is busy upon 1918 estate tax collections. The magnitude of the work of the internal revenue department in col let, ting the statements on the Income tax returns, can be realized when it is remembered that by last year's revenue bill, every unmarried man whose salary was $l,OOO in 1917 came under the income tax regula tions. and every married man whose salary was $9,000 was included. Roosevelt's Will to Be Filed Shortly; Is Brief in Its Terms Oyster Hay, Jan. 9.—The will of Colonel Roosevelt will be filed at Mineola in the near future, it was said last night by a friend of the family. The will is said to be very brief. Colonel Roosevelt's fortune lias been estimated at between $500,000 and $1,000,000, but little is definite ly known on the subject. The Saga more Hill estate is said to be. worth about $150,000. according to present values of similar properties. Since he left the Presidency Colonel Roosevelt's earnings with his pen j have been very large. J COLD WAVE TO ; ENVELOP CITY IN FEW HOURS Zero Weather to Arrive To- j morrow, Preceded by Snow Flurries j The first zero weather of ttie sea- i | son is expected to follow in the) | woke of the disturbance moving | front Manitoba, southeastward down jllte Si. Lawrence Valley toward the ; Atlantic coast. This is the chilly . news given out to-day by Forecas- I ter K. R. Remain in charge of the j liarrisburg Weather Bureau. ( Not much change in temperature ; is noticeable this afternoon, but with j tlie approach of evening, the van | guard of the disturbance will bring | the cooler weather with it. The | mercury will continue to drop j throughout the night and will rest I around the ten degree figure. This is the lowest point that will be j reached to-night. Harrisburgers, | however, cannot build tip courage on j this information. But the information Mr. Remain gives out concerning conditions to morrow is causing city merchants to get ready for a big rush on winter wear. Many people have delayed getting into real winter garments be cause of tlie mild weather that has thus far generally prevailed, but their comfort in light wear is al most at an end. Winter in all its fury is getting ready to grip the city firmly. To-morrow, Mr. Remain says, the ] weather will get continually colder as the body of the no.rtliwestern I disturbance passes through Central I Pennsylvania. Fair and colder will be the weather, Mr. Remain says, , adding that the mercury will drop to the zero figure. The figure will hover consistently about tills figure and when liarris burg awakes on Saturday morning, i the slusli ice in the Susquehanna, j which will increase considerably in j volume to-morrow, is not expected to be moving. For tlie first time of ; the season, tlie Susquehanna is ex- I petted to be ice bound irt company with most other streams of the state. The zero weather is expected lo I continue for several days. There is j no possibility that it will break up ■ before the week-end and there is not assurance that it will then. New U. S. Insurance For Soldiers Liberal I Washington, Jan. 9. The new | form of life Insurance which is to bo ! offered to the returning soldiers un ! dcr the war risk insurance will be j the most liberal ever offered In the j world. Nearly 4,000.000 men hold policies which can be converted. One i feature never before Included in a | commercial policy is added. That | j is the, entire removal of age limit | 1 for total disability. j THRIFT STAMPS OF LAST ISSUE OF FULL VALUE | iThose Not Exchanged Before] January 1 to Cio With i New Bonds Persons" possessing Thrift Stamps i I Which they bought last year, and j which they did not exchange for Baby Bonds before January 1, were I reassured this morning that their ! stamps have the same value as for ] nterly, and when they get enough to ! purchase Baby Bonds, they can be | used with the stamps purchased (his I yea r. i Many persons who have 011 hand ja few of the Thrift Stamps issued | last year, but who did not have j enough to buy War Savings Stamps, ; were fearful lest they would not be | redeemed for Baby Bonds during I litis year. Postmaster Sites declar- I etl that there is no difference in the j stamps of last year and 1919. Campaign Goes On i The cessation of hostilities does [not mean that the sale of Thrift | and War Savings Stamps will lag in 1 j Rauphin county, it was added to | day. A supply of 1919 War Savings Stamps has arrived at the Post Of . flcfe. They are smaller than the slumps of 1918. and different in de , | sign. This year's stamps bear a . 1 picture of Franklin, and are blue, , ] wlille last year's were green, and [jibe design contained a portrait of Washington. The method of sale in 19)9 will II he the same as last year. During [January, a War Savings Stamp will I cost $4.12, next month they will cost , $4.13, and they will increase one cent | a month throughout tlie year. They | mature January 5, 1924, at a value j of $O, I Postmaster Sites has not organ • ! ized a contest among the mail car , riers to stimulate tlie sale of War j Savings and Thrift Stamps. The 1 county has not underwritten a spe- I cified amount of stamps to sell, as , 1 it did last year, but the campaign 1 [ will be pushed with continued en , ; ergy. |Major General Bell Dies of Heart Disease fl.v Associated Press I N'cte York, Jan. 9.—Major Genpr ]ai J. Franklin Bell, commander of the Department of the East, died Mast night at the Presbyterian llos pital in this city. His death was due to heart dis ease. He was taken to. the hospital i three days ago for observation but |lt was not realized that his condi- Itlonfsfras serious and his death came as a complete surprise. General Bell Iwas 63 years old, , BERLINREBELS AFTER BLOODY STREET BATTLE OVERTHROW GOVERNMENT AND EXTEND POWER, GERMAN REPORTS SAY o Revolution Covers Many Parts of the Empire MANY KILLED IN RIOTING Troops Join"Reds'' in Attack on Cabinet By Associated Press Paris, Jan. 9—The Ebert- j | Scbeidemann government j in Germany has been over-; j turned, the Extremists hav-; ing" gained the upper hand j ill Berlin after sanguinary light-1 I ing, according to the latest tier- j ' man advices received here. A new revolutionary govern-1 ment has been proclaimed, com-; ' posed of independent socialists, j A part of the government troops j I are reported to have gone over ■ | to the rebels, and the Spartacans ; now hold the principal points in j Berlin. Spreading in Country Civil war is spreading lo oilier parts of Germany, the advices indi j eate, and parts of the Rhenish prov-, | inces and Bavaria are new reported j 1 to be involved. i Gustav Noske, the conimander-in- j (chief of t lie German government j I troops, will send new forces ag&insti j the capital in an attempt to regain j control of it, it is reported. A des- ] j perate reaction by the more t-onserv- j | atlve elements is expected. Casualties Heavy The casualties in the Berlin fight-' , ing are reported to have been heavy. ' ; The Independent Socialists said to i [be at the head of the new go.em inent are Georg Ledebour, Herr Licb- j I munn and Herr Tiek. Lr. Karl I.tebknecht. the leader of I (the Spartacans. is continuing his', i activities (presumably in an effort j I to install a government of his own' 1 choosing). ; Troops Loyal to Ebert (ioucrnmcnt Are Arriuiiuj By Associated Press \ nistrrilnm, Jan. 9.—Severe fight - j ing, in which artillery was employed, took place in Berlin yesterday near the central telegraph office. The Spartacans renewed their attempts j to seize the Chancelor's palace, it is ' declared in Berlin dispatches to the ; Ilandelsblud, but wc re driven back j with the loss of thirty-two killed and [ forty-tlve wounded. 1 These figures, the. newspaper's cor- I respondent says, uppear to be too | small. Chaos prevails in the gov ; eminent offices. | The government lias been concen [ truting troops in Berlin and on j Wednesday, the advices added, the I*Continued on I'ago Rt.] BUILDING BOOM ! PREDICTED FOR ALL THIS YEAR | Permits Already Issued Proui j ise Increased Construc tion in the Spring Prospects for a building boom and I increased activity in realty sales are I brightening daily now, according to ! contractors and real estate dealers |in the city, who during tlie war were 1 compelled to discontinue practically i all proposed projects because of the J need of men and materials for Gov ernment work. ! While no definite announcements ■ have been made, a number of dealers In the city have intimated that they are planning to start building opeln ; tlons soon, possibly in the spring and | summer months, and they are pre [Continued on Page 13.] Manufacturers' Council to Elect New Officers i The election of a chairman and five | directors of l.ne Manufacture!s' Council of the Harrisburg Chamber jof Commerce will take place at a i meeting of the council in the Cham | ber of Commerce offices, Monday evening at 8 o'clock. The ••ounctl ! was not organized until last summer, bvit already has accomplished much important work. Besides the election, the meeting is for the purpose of giving consider ation to plans for the activities of the council during the coming year, especially to the necessary course of action during the readjustment of in ! dustry to a normal basis. A pio- I gram for the year's work will be drafted. I Arthur D. Bacon Is chairman, and I the present directors are Robert It. Irons, F. W. Smith, Jr.. C. M. Kalt l wasser, R. W. Moorhe&d and Mr. Bacon. Seek Peace With Poland By Associated Press PAKIS, Jan. #.—Tlic German government ha-s opened negotiations with the Poles, who linvc invaded tlte province of Posen, according to the Frankfort Gazette, which sajs there are hope* that an under standing that will end the lighting will be reachotl. IIASL.E, Switzerland, Jan. .—An attempt lia been made at Prague to assassinate Dr. Hurl Krninerz, the Czeeho-Sltivak premier. Eight revolver shots were llred at hint, none of wlileh, however, took effect. R.B.MATEERIS DEAD AFTER A ! ILLNESS: j ßetired Hardware Merchant! i Dies at 3 O'clock This Morning i Robert Brooks Moteer, widely-j [ known retired hardware merchant, J died at 3 o'clock this morning at his j home, 000 North Third street, of \ complications due to old age. He | was in his seventy-fourth year. He was widely known in flnancial and | banking circles, being especially in j tcrested in real estate. | Mr. Matetr had been in poor health; | for a pcrioJ of several months, but j I had not been confined to his bed. j i Heath came suddenly during the' : night. Yesterday he was nble to be about and was on the street for a | short while. He was apparently in i better health than he had been for | some time. | Mr. Ma leer was widely known i I throughout Harrlsfturg and conduct ; ed a retail hardware business at 1230 North Third street for twenty years. He retired from the business twenty five years ago, but has been active ' ever since in church and charitable i \ and financial endeavors. He was | i born In Shippcnsburg March 10, 1840, l | from which place he came when he ' i began his business here. I Mr. Matter was prominent In the | work of the Pine Street Presbyterian j Church, of which he was a member | for a long period of years. He was treasurer of the church, an elder, a ' member of the board of a , Sunday school teacher and was active | in all its religious activities. | The Rev. Lewis S. Madge, pastor of I the Pine Street church, will officate • at the funeral services, to bo held 1 at the home Monday afternoon at 2 j o'clock. Burial will be in the Pax tang cemetery, j The survivors are his wife, Mrs. I Katharine H. Matter: daughters. Mrs. |J. . Frank Palmer, I-Inrrisburg. and j Mrs. William B. Bennct. of Ilarris | burg, whose husband is overseas as , 1 a Y. M. C. A. secretary with the ' American Army: sister. Miss M. E. I Ma tee r, of Meehanlcsburg, and two j grandchildren. MONEY CABLED TO SOLDIERS ABROAD : LOST ON THE WAY . Burlcsonizcd Cable Compan ies Fail to Get Much Needed 1 Relief to Men in Service 1 | Two more instances of the failure , j of the Burlesonized cable companies ) to get relief to soldiers needing 3 1 money In France, came to light to j day. , | Long before Christmas Mrs. Wll -31 liam T. Hildrup, of Harrisburg, . ! cabled $lOO to a relative in the ser j vice in France, with the promise 31 that he would get it immediately, s | Up-to-date lie is still waiting on the ' I money. . j Mrs. William J. Taylor, whose - j husband lay at the point of death 'in a French hospital, cabled him ,$35 with which to purchase com , forts. That was weeks ago. Since that time he has died. The money i; never reached him. I $100,000,000 For the Relief of Europeans Must Await Its Turn ! Washington, Jan. 9. Opposition ' ! to rushing aid to Europe crystallized to-day in the House Rules Com mi t -1 tee. By .a vote of 5 to " the Oont | mlttee refused to report a rule giv i Ing privileged stains to the hill ap. propria ting the 1100,000,000 veg nested by President Wilson for European re lief work. The position has ' been taken by several Senators that (lie Congress should know how :bo tntney Is to be expanded; Since the introduction of the 1,111 thorn has been considerable criticism of the manner In which disbursements of I war funds have been made, I ALL KEYSTONE I DIVISION MEN TO COME HOME I "Iron Men" Ordered to Move Into Embarkation Area j The Twenty-eiKbtli. or Iron, Divi i sion, formerly the National Guard of Pennsylvania, is expected to be des ignated for early return to this coun try. This is the opinion of Lieutenant- Colonel Harry W. Coulter, of the one Hundred and Tenth Infantry, for merly the Third and Tenth Pennsyl vania. ' Colonel Coulter reached the de barkation hospital at Newport News, after crossing on the transport Pus i tores. i i The Colonel was wounded In the I right foot in the lighting between j the Maine and the Aisne. Ho has re ' j covered, hut will litrip slightly. Hi ' 1 will be mustered out soon. ! That Colonel Coulter's prediction t is likely to prove reasonably correct is indicated by dispatches from ' Washington and from the Army of ' Occupation. The War Department reported that 1 th.e Pennsylvania artillery regiments [ recently had been detached from the J I foil Division and attached to the 1 Continued on Page 18.] ]r*bi"l•irirMrk® *l* . Charleston, W. Va.-^tjie• .Weak Virinia Legislature "S* ! 2, t t, 1 tf* jX f X IX 3, 'l* T ■ 4 * "f* 4. X jX L ,Ti ' T 2 X ■ ' T [ Lt *jr • 4* '•■• ■•••ation. X ;'4 X ■ ' 3> X Jt • X ■ .a 1 iii-V A |!t x f 2 j * * x * a s ** r " * 9 J " | ' -i* i ■* * X ,\ \ ' :<;-.rl*t!nn Opposed to *P '* * X <y 'X 1 X * * *l* * | i 4 * 4* ,* * X ! i * " IT' iT I 4 [vi • X | 4 i payable. February 1 to stock ofir;oeord January 15. X *. .X % MARRIAGE LICENSES * !4t llarry MrC'ann, Harrlaburc- "i Clara Hlrel, HlMlcttan lik <- Charles W. Heaaer. Harrlabor*, aiC Kdllh M. Marks. Baltimore: X ; X ssas,'usk K.t.tra'.wsaiSsr"*—' Ar "~ a! $ ihi t • •"••f •• 11 ri r • tin miii 11 if Conferences With Premiers to Be Held Shortly PEACE FOR HUN THE LAST STEP League of Nations Comes First in Procedure By Associated Press Paris, Jan. D.—President Wilson ■ conferences with tlve premiers of Great Britain, France and Italy, which were to open to-Ua.v, have been delayed and probably will not begin before early next week. Lloyd George is detained In Lon don by work incident to the recon struction of his cabinet. Premier Or lando, of Italy, due here to-day, probably will return to Itome, where his presence for forty-eight hours is necessary because of matters un der consideration by the Italian Parliament. Meet To-day \\ itli Piclion There will, however, be a meeting to-day at the office of Stephen Pichon. Foreign Minister. It will bo attended by Mr. Wilson, Premier Or lando and Japanese representatives, but will be informal because of the absence of Lloyd George, although British representatives probably will lie present it is believed important details of procedure will be settled, tints enabling the delegates when Llo> d George arrives, to complete the preliminary work rapidly and clear i up matters lor the opening confer ences .Monday and Tuesday. Wilson as IT. S. Premier The best Informed French sources | say the conference is nothing move 1 or less than a meeting of the higher | allied war committee. It is pointed [Continued on Page 18.]