OCR Interpretation

Harrisburg telegraph. [volume] (Harrisburg, Pa.) 1879-1948, February 01, 1919, Image 6

Image and text provided by Penn State University Libraries; University Park, PA

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85038411/1919-02-01/ed-1/seq-6/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for 6

Founded 1831
Published evenings except Sunday by
Telegraph Building, Federal Sqiare
President and Editor-in-Chief
F. R. OTSTER, Business Manager
OU& M. STEIN MLTZ„ Managing Editor
AR. MICHENER, Circulation Manager
Execattve Board
Members of the Associated Press—The
Associated Press is exclusively en
titled to the use for republication
of all news dispatches credited to
it or not otherwise credited in this
paper and also the local news pub
lished herein.
All rights of republication of special
dispatches herein are also reserved.
A Member American
r] Newspaper Pub-
Eastern office
—■ Gas' Building,
-( Chicago, 111.
Bntered at the Post Office in Harris
burg, Pa., as second class matter.
By carrier, ten cents a
week; by mail, 13.00 a
year in advance.
Jehovah is my strength and my
ihield; my heart hath trusted in
Mm, and I am helped: therefore my
heart greatly rejoiceth; and icith my
long tcill I praise him.— Ps. 88: 7.
JUST about the time we had set
tled down to the conviction that
a!l this talk about the discovery
of early blooming hepaticas and the
amount of coal our neighbors have
saved over the same amount burned
last year were clear evidences that
the annual "January thaw" had de- J
veloped into the actuality of an |
honest-to-goodness early spring, j
along comes Groundhog Day to up
set our calculations and make us
think twice about hunting up the
seed catalogue and over-liauling the
Ashing outfit.
Of course this idea of the Ground
hog coming out on the second day
of February, seeing his shadow and
dodging back for six weeks more of
sleep during which winter weather
shall prevail, northwesters blow and
blizzards rage is all tommyrot. We
know this because Mr. Demain, our |
weather forecaster for lo these many
moons, lytfailingly chides us when
from time to time some mention of
the G. Hog fable creeps into the
columns of llarrisburg's most re
liable and influential newspaper. We
don't blame Mr. Demain. Why
should any sane man put his faith
iu a mythical groundhog the while
ignoring the scientific sharks of the
i T'nited States weather bureau?
There's nothing, absolutely nothing i
to it, and we shall henceforth stigk '
to the twenty-four prognostications j
issued each day at 11 o'clock from
the little office at the top of* the
federal building. On that we are
Still . After all it would be j
comforting if to-morrow should turn
out to be cloudy.
DEATH during year hasj
laid his hand heavily upon the j
older men who have had I
prominent part in the affairs of the j
city in the past lia!f_century. The!
passing of William Luther Gorgas'
yesterday took from life another of I
these outstanding figures. As presi-}
dent of the old common council, as 1
city commissioner, acting mayor
and baijker he had lohg been ac- 1
corded a place among the leaders in
municipal affairs. His prominence.
In Masonry and his part in the '
erection and management of the
great Masonic Homes at Elizabeth- j
town also brought him into the pub- j
lie eye. lie lived to his allotment
•f three-score and ten, and leaves
many friends to mourn him.
THE danger ofr one-man diplom-'
acy In Europe is now beginning
to be very apparent. The United
Btates Senate is properly disturbed
over the possibilities of President
Wilson getting the country Into a po
sition on the German colonial ques
tion at variance with the desires of
the American people, and burden
some and perilous In the extreme.
The President has Insisted upon act
ing alone for the natiop. He will
brook no advice nor will he accept
the opinions or suggestions of
United States senators who must pass
upon the acceptability of the treaties
and agreements which he proposes to
make in France. And so upon his
head alone must rest the responsibil
ity for the outcome.
But that is a small matter beside
.the fact that the whole American
may be bound by this one
man diplomacy to a course of action
that will lead to much expense and
no end of sacrifice and danger of
foreign entanglements. Senator Knox
is quite right when he says the Sen
ate wants some knowledge as to
what America's share Jn policing
African colonies would be before
agreeing to go along with the pro-
gram the President is reported to
have agreed upon.
We went into the war for the sole
purpose of beating l Germany and
crushing the power of the Hun to
force his will upon the free peoples
of the earth. Our young men are im
patient to come home, now that
work is done. They do not want to
be sent into Africa, and the Presi
dent has no right to expect it of
them. Nor would it be an easy mat
ter to recruit an army in America t9
hold the rilie over African savages.
And so far as sending n conscript
army for that purpose, the thing
would be impossible.
We must know more about the
whole situation before we can judge
properly, but Mr. Wilson does not see
tit to take anybody on this side of
the water into his confidence.
THE death of Conrad Seeger,
veteran businessman of Ilar
risburg, serves to illustrate
the changes that have been wrought
in the world of trade within the
scope of one man's lifetime.
When Mr. Seeger came into young
manhood most of the carpet's used
iu the households of the country
were woven on hand looms from the
rags sewed by members of the
household. The "rag man" Was an
unknown institution then. Nothing
went into the rag bag except to
come out again in the form of car
pet rags, which were carefully sewn
into long strings and wrapped
tightly into balls to be accumulated
until the day arrived when there
was sufficient on hand for the weav- I
ing of a carpet or a rug. Then the |
lot was carted off to the weaver's, i
the necessary "chain," or binder, I
bought, the colors selected, and the |
weaving of the carpet or rug begun
on the big hand looms that were I
the wonder of every child who be- I
held their lumbering but efficient j
Nor were the products of thisj
crude weaving apparatus inartistic.
Indeed, they were highly attractive ;
in comparison with the beflowered
"ingrain" and Brussels carpets that
drove them off the market and their
weavers into other lines of trade.
But Mr. Seeger was one who
found it possible to change his line
of operations without getting out of
the carpet business when the big
mills started to make competition
hard and the doubtful tastes of a I
fickle populace began to swing to
ward the rainbow colors of the new
er creations. He was one of the
few weavers who retained an inter- j
est in the carpet business, and as i
president of the Harrisburg Carpet I
Company continued prominent in j
the business world long after his j
companions of earlier years were j
laid to" rest and even up to the very
day of his own death.
SAMUEL GOMPERS sums up his
objections to the organization
of qn American Labor Party in
two sentences that ought to con- |
vince the intelligent union man of I
the folly and futility of such an ef
fort. He says:
American labor during this war
has accomplished three times
what England has accomplished
without a political party of its
own. If labor goes into politics
it will have to get votes and la
bor will decline frotn a power
ful economic unit to a vote
catching machine.
Mr. Gompers is right. A labor
ticket would not win any more in
the United States than would a
bankers' ticket, or a capitalistic
ticket or a trust ticket. We have
higher ideals in this country than
those based on class interest, power
ful though those influences may be
in our daily lives. Labor is bound
to have a growing and powerful
place in the counsels of the nation,
but it will not be through a labor
party. Rather it will be through
both the old parties catering to the
labor vote and through the great
and growing determination of the
American voter that everybody,
strong and weak, rich and poor,
shall have a fair deal at the hands
of the government—nothing more
and nothing less.
GENERAL BEARY'S suggestion
that the Twenty-eighth Divi
sion of the United States army,
made up largely of the old Pennsyl
vania National Guard units, be in
corporated into the new National
Guard of the State, is highly pleasing
from whatsoever angle it may ho re
garded. Very likely many of these
men will have had their fill of sol
diering, but there will be hundreds
of others who will not want to sever
their connections entirely with mili
tary life, and the thought of march
ing and camping once n year with
their comrades of yie great war
would prove an incentive that would
take many back into the Guard.
It would be a fine thing for the
State to have at its call such a body
of men as constituted the Twenty
eighth, one of the hard fighting, hard
hitting divisions of the American
army which met the best the victori
! ous Hun had to offer in the way of
j trained veterans, and hurled them
' back across the plains of France to
| utter defeat and ignominious sur
Foreign nations, with this knowl
edge in the backs of their heads,
would hesitate to pick a quarrel with
us, and the very fact that the Na
tional Guard was made up of train
ed and efficient feoldlers would go a
long way toward Insuring peace for
an indefinite period.
Beware of False Prophets
Beware of false prophets, which
come'to you In sheep's clothing, but
inwardly , they are ravening wolves.
—Matthew vll, 15. I
By the Ex-Committeeman
As a result of the dismissals in
the State Department of Agriculture
Capitol Hill seems to have become
tirmly possessed of the idea that
persons connected with the State
government must not have outside
connections especially interests in
concerns supplying materials, im
plements or anything else which
may come within the scope of the
work of the branch of the State
government with which they hap
pen to be identified. Secretary
Frederick Rasmussen today refused
to make any statement about the
resignations asked yesterday and
men who resigned said that they
are going to leave. E). B. Dorsett,
late chief of markets, said that he
would take one of some positions
offered him.
The executive department has let
it be known that it will not tolerate
appeals from orders of heads of de
partments for resignations. In the
case of a stenographer dismissed
from a department a week ago an
efTort was made to have the order
countermanded without success.
Resignation of Irvin G. Reagan,
of West Chester, otherwise known as
"Spider." will be asked soon. This
is a matter for the trustees of the
State Library. Reagan displaced
Norman D. Gntiy. of West Chester,
long identified with the Library and
an expert in publications a year or
so ago during one of the outbursts
of the Brumbaugh administration.
It will be necessary for the Legis
lature to pass an act creating the
office of deputy commissioner of
health as a supplement to the act of
1905 before the powers of the com
missioner can be exercised by a
deputy according to an opinion giv
en to Col. Edward Martin, state
commissioner of health. Col. Mar-,
tin inquired as to the authority to
create the office of deputy. There
has been an assistant commissioner,
but the opinion holds that a deputy
should have the powers of the com
missioner in his absence and should
have the qualifications of the com
missioner. The opinion holds that
he should be appointed by the gov
—Few things which have occurred
about Capitol Hill in the last three
or four years have attracted more
attention than the plain statement
at the governor's office the other
day that heads of departments of
the State government are responsi
ble for what their forces do and
that such matters as the employ
ment of a clerk or stenographer are
not to be taken to the governor of
Pennsylvania for approval. And
neither will the governor go out and
interfere with removals by heads of
departments for ordinary reasons.
It is such a refreshing change from
the methods ofxthe last three years
that everyone is talking about it and
expressing gratification. And there
is also a great deal of satisfaction
heard that talebearers are not en
—One of the first things which it
is believed will be brought about
will be the placing of every person
connected with the State govern
ment on a fixed salary. The salaries
will be adjusted to meet conditions,
not war time conditions, but in
keeping with common sense and a
salary board will be created which
like a board of directors will pass
upon such matters as used to be
dealt with by departmental chiefs
in accordance with orders from the
governor's office and the size of
their contingent funds. This plan
was recommended to the last Legis
lature in the thoughtful report of
the Economy and Efficiency com
mission, which by the way, was
juggled before it got to the public,
and the legislators thought so much
of the proposition that they enacted
it in the form of a bill that was
vetoed. It is probable that some of
the archaic acts governing certain
departments will be repealed and
the establishments put on a modern
basis, the department heads being
given a free rein to get results. Some
attempts in this direction were made
last session, but petty jealousies in
terfered and men grown gray in the
service were deprived of emoluments
justly due them.
—lt was a matter of much com
ment at the Capitol to-day that this
week the State War Board abolished
the war service bureau and revoked
the appointment of Governor Brum
baugh to head it and the Governor
also separated William H. Ball, the
f(x-governor's secretary, from the
State Board of Charities.
—There seems to be some heart
burning in Philadelphia over the
municipal court appointments. Mc-
Nichol has always been regarded as
a Vare man, while Bartlett has
been inclined the other way.
—Charges that dead and "imagin
ary men" voted in Lackawanna
elections were made at Scranton
(From the Detroit News.
A historical comparison with the
surrender of the German fleet has
been found by the English Bishop
o( Durham in the pages of Llvy, the
Roman historian of the First Cen
tury, B. C., who uescribes the great
est naval surrender of ancient his
tory by an undefeated fleet, when
Carthage gave up her entire battle
fleet to Rome in the last of the Punic
Rome was the great military pow
er of that age, while the opposing
force was the naval power, just as
Germany and England were before
the outbreak of the present world
war. Rome was the victorover
Carthage, thus defeating the great
est naval power of the age. Gorman
writers. In comparing the strength
of the two ancient powers with that
of the two modern world powers
anticipated a similar result for a war
between Germany and England.
Fortunately for the world It was not
the sea power which surrendered its
ships this time.
The hearthstone's light must flame
resplendent, higher,
For those who hear the bugle call
no more, *
And throbbing hearts must know
again the quiet
Of the same Joys love ever keeps
in store.
The blasted hills must be reset with
The meadows feel the tramp of
herds again.
The roads and bridges must all be
And battle fielda be sown once
more wfth gram
God's temple, too, must be reswept
And garnished,
Rededlcated to his uses with in
Of faith that needs no shallow con
firmation •
Of his speared hands to know the)
* Prince of Peace.
—Eron O. Rowland in the Boston j
' : * — 1
(=l3) (™y
—-■ __ Y 6<> t t *
(From the Philadelphia Press)
The cry of the Democrats that
there is a Republican conspiracy in
Congress to bring about 'an extra
session of Congress is much more
amusing than impressive. The fact
is that it is very doubtful whether
it would be good politics for the j
Republicans to favor an extra ses-1
sion, even if it were in their power
to bring it about.. There are many
Republican leaders Vho believe that
if Congress does not meet again un
til December that it would be bet
ter for the p"arty. In the meantime
there would appear in very plain
view the disastrous results of the
Democratic policy for the past two
years, so plain that the whole coun- '
try would be bound to recognize
boih the situation and the responsi
There has beeh no evidence that
the Republicans in Congress are try
ing to delay matters so that an extra
session will be necessary. There
has been no filibustering on any
measure, although the opportunity
is daily and hourly at hand. There
have been no obstacles thrown In
the way of vital legislation by the
Republicans. There has been no
long-drawn out debate, no discus
sion that was not a fair accompani
ment of the bills under discussion.
There has been no attempt to
block appropriation bills. those
measures that must be passed in
order that the housekeeping of the
nation may j?o on.
The truth is that the Democrats
have been very laggard in their leg
islative methods. One reason for
this is that they have been leader
less in Washington since the Presi
dent sailed away immediately after
this session of Congress began. The
Democrats in both House and Sen
ate have grown so accustomed to
looking to the White House for or
ders, and to have a legislative pro
gram mapped out for them to fol
low, that they have beeh very help
less when left to themselves. There
has been no one to give orders, and
the result has been inaction. If an
extra sessions is necessary, it will
be because the Democrats in Con
gress have not had the ability to
legislate in season, and have had no
leadership capable of accomplishing
results. The raising of the cry of
Republican conspiracy will not bo
fog nor befool the people of the
country as to the facts.
Birds in this part of the country
are a common , unrare sight, not
looked upon by the most of u as aj
thing to be noticed. Therefore, the
Bird Club of the Technical High
School extends the following few
lines to the kind reader who will
take the time to read that which
follows if he so desires.
There are many birds which one
may study, but the bird which the
I confined city person will notice is
the familiar, half-tame birds which
! he see's about him from day to day.
j A bird is unosl particular where he
| builds his nfcsts and it may be read
ily noted in the familiar house wren,
which fills every cavity about the
place with sticks before it selects
one for the nest. Various theo
ries have been advanced to account
for this tendency in our feathered
neighbor, all of which are partly
plausible, but none of which account
for all the facts. It appears to be a
matter of pure selfishness, as if he
did not want any other bird to enjoy
these cavities —a sort of dog-in-the
manger spirit; but his cousins, the
marsh wrens, and the tule wrens, of
California, nnd others which do not
use holes, build a number of these'
sham nests in the grass, sometimes
quite near each other, only one of
which is said ever to be used.
Birds go to bed in various ways,
and even in the same tree select dif
ferent locations on different nights.
Thus, turkeys seem to deliberate a
long time about ying flup, and black
birds sit around and seem to quarrel
a long time about favorite berths,
but a house wren jumps into a tree
crotch like a boy into a cold couclf,
has his head under his wing, and is
asleep in ten seconds. Why should
not a man love a bird? If the palm
of one should clasp the pinion of
the other, there would come together
two of the greatest Implements God
and Nature have ever given any
creatures to explore the world with;
and when the two bipeds gaze at
each other eye to eye, the intelli
gence in the one might well take off
its hat to the subtle Instincts In the
Saw in a Planing Mill
A member of the Illinois Legisla
ture boasts of "a mind of the fiber
of steel." Must feel lonesome among
wooden heads. —From the Louisville
Courier-Journal.' J
Map Law for New Era
Republicans Ready to Solve Peace Problems in New Congress
AS the result of thorough analy- I
sis of after the war conditions,
the Republicans of the House!
and Senate, who will be in control
of the legislative branch of the na
tional government after March 4,
have, in a general way, completed
their program for the reconstruc
tion of the country.
So important is the work of re
stimulating industrial energy and
finding employment for the millions
of soldiers returning to civilian life
considered by members in both
branches of Congress that there is
little doubt in their minds that an
extra session will be brought about
iiv one way or another as early in
tne spring as possible in order to
take up all such problems which
cannot be dealt with before March
4 because of the pressure of the im
portant regular appropriation bills.
The tariff, the railroads, the mer
chant marine, military and naval
protection of the nation for the
future, employment, general busi
ness readjustment, economical ad
ministration, and minute investiga
tion of afl government departments,
are among the subjects which will
receive quick attention and reme
dial legislaUon as soon as the new
Senate with its Republican majority
of two and the pew House with its
Republican majority of forty-six
have organized.
Despite the warning of Senator
Penrose and his Republican col
leagues on the Senate Finance Com
mittee that "it would be entirely
without justification to attempt to
prescribe for the American people
what amount of taxes they shall be
called upon to pay in the year 1920,"
that "no one with any degree of
definiteness can estimate the gov
ernment's needs or the country's in
dustrial prosperity," and that it
would be extremely unwise to "lay
down a hard and fast scheme of
taxation for the future," the Demo
cratic majority is now putting
through conference the revenue bill
which imposes in advance the
amount of taxes to be collected for
not only the next but the following
fiscal year.
Duties to Maintain Industry
It is expected that this will Have
the effect of turning the attention of
the House "Ways and Means Com
mittee and the. Senate Finance Com
mittee during the recess or imme
diately after reconvening to the
framing of a tariff bill with duties
high enough to adequately cover the
difference between the cost of pro
duction at home and abroad. It is
not anticipated that this will be as
great a revenue producer, compara
tively, as in former days prior to the
raising of many billions for purposes
of war. It is true that had the Payne-
Aldrich rates been applied to the
present law there would have been
an additional income to the gov
ernment during the period of "its
operation of nearly two billions, but
revenues from Import duties annual
ly would in any event amount only
to hundreds of millions The point
upon which the Republican mem
bers of Congress lay stress is that a
•high tariff has always developed
and maintained industry, made pos
sible the country's higher standard
of wages and living, protected the
home market as a constant outlet
for home production, to this end
prevented influx of foreign made
goods, produced under cheaper con
ditions. and made for healthful in
dustrial prosperity. They declare
that in 1913, under a Democratic
staff, hard times were caused until
a year later the war imposed an
effective trade barrier, and that
now, with that barrier again re
moved. there will be harder times
than for many years unless a pro
tective tariff is soon enacted.
This is really the chief remedy
which will be put forward by the
Republican party to aid the return
ing soldier to find work and to keep
employed laboring men everywhere
throughout the country. Its leaders
hold that provision of special public
works to keep a small proportion of
these men employed is paternalistic
and a makeshift to cover other in
adequate industrial policy. They will
Join in the promotion of irrigation
and drainage works, because of the
enhanced development of the coun
try' thereby, but they will malnjy
rely upon the tariff which brought
a full dinner pail in McKinley's and
Hanna's time to provide work for
all. They say that their party pen
sioned the soldiers of the Civil War
for several decades in the face of
Democratic opposition, and that
they will continue the most liberal
policy toward all those who partici
pated in the lagt conflict, and they
assert that it *as Senator Cum
mins, of lowa, a Republican, who
made it law that labor is not a com
modlty or article of oommerce, but
I they Intend in the new Congress to
take care of both the soldier and
labor elements in the community
through what will become known as
the Fordney-Penrose tariff law, and
to meet the Democrats in the cam
paign of next year on the issue of
its results. Should the President
veto the bill, they will leave to him
the responsibility for the continu
ance of the unemployment of which
Secretary Morrison, of the American
Federation of Labor, already com
\lant Modified Privutc Control
An intermediate course of modi
fied private control has been prac
tically decided upon as the plan of
the Republican leaders who will
have most to dq with the framing of
legislation in regard to the railroads.
Representative John J. Esch, of
Wisconsin, who more than a decade
ago helped to frame the Esch-Town
send bill, which was largely jncor
t porated into the Hepburn rate law
and will be chairman of the House
Committee on Interstate and For
eign Commerce in the new Congress,
has worked out a program which
may be said to sum up the ideas of
his party on the subject. In certain
essentials they are concurred in by
Chairman Fess, of the Congressional
Committee, Minority Leader Mann
and Senator Cummins, of lowa,
chairman of the Senate Committee
on Interstate Commerce.
To surround the industrial life of
the country with adequate defense,
the Republicans, who boast of the
fact that it was the Roosevelt pro
gram of building two first class
battleships a year which made the
present navy possible,' will build a
navy as the results of the
peace conference at Versailles indi
cate should be built. If the competi
tive struggle of history is to continue
| in spite of the ideals of the peace
makers, the Republicans declare that
they will prepare to make the coun
try ready for its full share in it,
just as they argued for such pre
paredness before the war with Gery
many. And though the entire ques
tion has' been put over for a year
in order to await the outcome of
the peace deliberations, they are
generally in favor of some sort of
military training which will not
leave the country in as defenseless
a state as it was before the war.
Julius Kalin, the new chairman of
the Military Affairs Committee of
the House, and Senator Wadsworth,
of New York, the new chairman of
the like committee in the Senate,
are in favor of universal training
for several months of all youths of
a certain age, limited by cerfcin
exemptions, and it is likely that if
the need is seen they will lead their
party in putting such legislation
through the House and Senate.
Last but not least, the Republi
cans plan to scrutinize every appro
priation in order to keep expendi
tures to the most meritorious and
without waste or extravagance, and
to provide revenues on the most
i equable basis. As soon as the two
bodies are Called to order and the
committees announced investiga
tions will be begun of every bureau
of every department and of the con
duct of the army and navy, at first
quietly in order to determine wheth
er waste and incompetence are rife,
and, if so, then openly and fearless
ly to. lay bare the need of remedial
legislation. They declare their pur
pose to be honest government hon
estly and economically administered
for the good of all the people, and
hold it self evident that if they can
unearth dishonesty or waste through
their investigation, the result will
promote this pupose and at the
same time point out a way by which
similar mistakes and malfeasance,
if any, may be guarded against in
Appeal of the Little Peoples
Came the water sprites who live
In the caves beneath the foam;
From their regions underground
Crept the goblin and the gnome.
Came the fairy folk who dwell
In a cowslip's bell to lie.
And the flying fays who ride
On the zephyrs of the sky.
All the title peoplo joined
By an ethnic impulse stirred, ,
And they spoke of boundary lines
And to mortals sent their word.
Recognition just they claimed
In their elfin conclave met,
And desired an empire fixed
Where the moon would never set
—MeLandburgh Wilson, In the New
York Sun.
Noah sighted Ararat.
"Trouble right off," he sighed; "if
that is an island, it needs a- navy,
and if it is a mountain it doesn't" —
\ I
In Memory of
Lieut. Edward Moore I
(Lieutenant Moore, son of Dr.' E. E !
Moore, of New Bloomfleld, was killed
in action during the closing: days of
the war, his death only recently be
ing reported.)
Somewhere in France where the
scenery's gay
And a famous river wends its way.
Through hills and ravines obscured
By a bluff or a bit of wooded France,
Somewhere over there, and the an
gels know.
Is the grave of a soldier, through
and through—
Of a boy who went at his country's
- call
And in sunny France he gave his all.
Did we call him a boy? Nay, he was
a man
And each drop of his blood Ameri
He sprang from the race who In
Were among the first to shoulder a
And who at the sound of Lincoln's
Marched forth to offer their very all.
So, how could he help but to go to
When the murderous Hun was on the
Did he hesitate? Not for a day
But volunteered and was oft and
Eager to help put an end to the war,
Not counting the cost mid!the bat
tle's roar.
"Killed in action!" It was thus that
he fell .
While doing his best in that battle
Somewhere in France, among the
many brave
The angel's keep watch o'er our
hero's grave. H. H. H
The Cash System
(From the Chicago News)
English economists have observed
that while the English nation never
owed more, the English family in
dividually never owed less. The
war has taught thrift. Let's hope
that in America we have profited as
much by the difficulties and hard
ships that we .went through.
It is said that-with the English
housewife one reason why she was
so anxious not to run up bills with
tradesmen was because owing to the
shortage of food she was very
anxious to keep on the right side
of the dealers. If she persistently
did not pay her bills and there was
a shortage of any sort of commodity
the tradesman would naturally sell
to some one who did pay the bills
promptly instead of to the person
with a reputation for slow pay.
That condition did not prevail on
this side of the Atlantic to any ap
preciable extent But many of the
factors that produced the condition
in Erfgland existed on this side of
the Atlantic as well. It was neces
sary as a means of economy for
many dealers to restrict their credit
privileges. This was especially true
with regard to food dealers. More
over, many housewives found that
prices were lower in grocery stores
and markets where cash payment
was the rule, and this served as an
inducement ' to make purchases
there. Then once having exper
ienced the satisfaction of knowing
always that everything in their lard
er had been duly paid for they were
inclined to continue paying cash Just
for satisfaction of it.
Anticipating Sea Disasters
(From the Scientific American.)
When the race between the sub
marine and the shipyard was at its
height It did not seem to occur to
anyone that special provision should
be made in the construction of a
ship to render it ensier for salvors
to raise the ship in cose i, should
be sunk. The submarine menace
is now past, but even in the time of
peace there is a considerable loss of
vessels due to the elements and to
collision. One of the greatest diffi
culties that wrecking companies
have to contend with is that of get
ting hold of a vessel v(hlch is com
pletely submerged. Owing to the
construction of a ship, it is neces--
sary to pass chains under It as va
rious points, as there is no provision
for attaching chains directly to the
framing of the ship. Why are not
our ships designed with shackles af
fixed to the frame members at suit
able points, so as to simplify and
expedite the work of the diver In
making chains or cables fast to a
wreck ? •
Perfectly Scandalous
It's catting to be perfectly scan
dalous the way May is flirting with
Old Man January.'—From the New
York Sun.
r . TT-T -1 r
Euptttng (Elptf
The weather may be an eld and a
hackneyed subject, but It la of un
usual interest to many people here
Just now and they are greatly con
cerned about it If It Is going to he
mild the rest of the winter they have
plans to make and garments fee ar
range, but If the winter king Is go
ing to make up for lost time they
will not buy mothballs Just yet;
Street car men declare that Feb
ruary Is going to be a pleasant
month, basing their contention on
the fact that yesterday was a fine
day. "The lost day of January gov
erns the next month," said & con
ductor. He said he hailed from
Berks county and as that is the
habitat of the goosebone and other
prophets perhaps he is right. This
idea of the last day of January "gov
erning" the next month is an old one
and is said to come from early set
tiers. Next is the groundhog. His
day falls to-morrow, and it is In
delibly implanted in the minds of the
people of Harrlsburg because of the
Capitol fire which destroyed the big
building on the second day of Feb
ruary, 1897, ono of the worst days,
from a weather standpoint ever
known In the city. Singularly, the
first day of February, 1907, ten
years after the Capitol fire, was the
date of the destruction of the Grand
Opera House. Some Harrisburg peo
ple were nervous about groundhog
day in 1917, ten years later, but the
"rule of three" on fires was "busted"
to use the language of a cub reporter
who stayed up most of the night to
be in on a big Btory.
• •
Harry G. Proctor, who has writ
ten the first book on the achieve
ments of the Iron Division in France,
is a Philadelphia newspaperman,
connected with the Evening Bulletin
and well known here. He was ono of '
the newspapermen assigned to the
Capitol investigations and is an au
thority on Pennsylvania, knowing
every county and its towns. He
knows Maryland, New Jersey and
De'aware equally well. On military
matters he is exceptionally well
posted and attended National Guard
camps and the mobilization in 1916.
I rn that year he accompanied the
| Fennsylvanians to El Paso and next
tar was at Camp Hancock.
• •
There are some people in Harris
b irg and vicinity who are not aware
of the fact that the erection of the
Penn-Harrls has caused somo new
air currents about Third and "Wal
nut streets. There are currents where
there were zephyrs before and hats
and other things have been dis
turbed. It is well to watch the way
things are going when passing that
corner and to be ready to grab head- i
wear and garments.
• • •
It will bo interesting to many
Harrisburgers to know that at the
annual dinner of the Pennsylvania
Society at the Waldorf-Astoria the
Harrisburg flag was carried at the
head of the procession of city flags
of the State. "The city was well rep
resented at the dinner by several
well-known citizens, who are mem
bers of the society.
, • •
Secretary of the Commonwealth
Cyrus E. Woods, has Just received a
unique letter from a man who wants
to be a notary. The letter reached
the Capitol the other day, and the
applicant says that he did not send
in the paper earlier because ho
wanted his commission to be signed
by Governor Sproul. He asks that
Mr. Woods also sign tho commis
sion. Both are required to do so by
, •'
Golfers are generally about as
keen ae any people to take advant
age of weather conditions, but there
has been more golf played on tho
links about Harrisburg tho last fort
night than ever known before in the
middle of January. This week
there have been dozens of men on
the "winter greens," and they are
talking so much about it that they
are going to have recruits if the
weather mau continues good.
• •
The last conference held In Har
risburg by the State organization of
the Daughters of the American
Revolution was ten years ago. The
first gathering of the kind was held
back in 1900 in the old Y. M. C. A.
building, and was the largest held
up to that time. Mrs. Levi B. Al
ricks was regent of the Harrisburg
chapter at that time.
• •
During the course of an address
at the D. A. R. conference last week.
Mrs. Guernsey, a prominent mem
ber of the society, said that patriotic
ferver had come to such a height in
the United States that It was re
garded in some places as unpatriotic
to eat frankfurters, or limberger
cheese or sauerkraut.
Dr. Robert Bagnell, the next
speaker, said he begged leave to
differ and offered strenuous objec
tions to the classification of sauer
kraut. He added that during a long
period of yearß his wife had striven
in vain to make him likett, and now,
when he had at least convinced him
self that he thought he liked it, he
declined to be termed unpatriotic
for eating it. Judging from the ap
plause there were many, many oth
ers in the aristocratic assemblage
who had strong leanings toward
kraut and pork.
—Senator A. F. Daix, who pre
sented the firearms bill. Is one of
the active men in the Philadelphia
businessmen's organizationa
—Senator E. E. Jones, head ef
the House Committee on Agriculture,
was raised on a dairy farm.
—Senator Horace L. H&ldaesaa, of
Lancaster county, comes sear being
the serfior man on the National
Guard list
—Senator Edwin H. Fare weed fee
be a member of the House and re
signed from It in the session of IS9T.
—Senator W. C. McConnell nninao
from Dauphin county and is now one
of the big men of the Sbamokin dis
—Ttet tho new State Ogtei
was visited by more people tag
ever last year?
HISTORIC ffAmtTßyirgq
', —The first Senate met in the Xteu
pbin county orphans court chamber.
Job For Crown Prince
"Frederick Wllhelm is wfflhw to
do any work the government thinks
fit for him." Why not let dig
the former Kaiser's graveT—
City Journal. -

xml | txt