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HARRISBURG TELEGRAPH A NEWSPAPER FOR THE HOME Founded 1831 Published evenings except Sunday by THE TELEGRAPH PIUMIJiO CO. Telegraph Building, Federal Square E. J. BTACKPOLE President and Editor-in-Clitef F. R. OYSTER, Business Manager QUS. M. STEINMETZ, Managing Editor A. R. MICHENER, Circulation Manager Executive Board J. P. McCULLOUGH, BOYD M. OGLESBY, F. R. OYSTER, GUS. M. STEINMETZ. Members of the Associated Press—The • Associated Press is exclusively en titled to the use for republication of all news dispatches credited to It or not otherwise credited in this fiaper and also the local news pub isned herein. All rights of republication of special dispatches herein are also reserved. ■ Jt Member American pj Newspaper Pub ! Mefijh Assocla- Bureau of Circu- ShBCPCSj® lation and Penn r a Biff * t'd a D a ' Associa " ■Hi P? Bp| jjjp Eastern office. Avenue Building, Chicago, HI. S Entered at the Post Office in Harris burg, Pa., as second class matter. By carrier, ten cents a er T, " '^y L * week; by mail, $3.00 a year In advance. SATURDAY, JULY 19, 1919 Go put j /our creed into your deed, Nor speak icith double tongue. —Emerson. THE "Y" PICNIC WOULD that there were m<yc such gatherings as the Y. M. C. A. picnic held at the sum mer home of J. William Bowman Thursday afternoon. That was a truly democratic party if ever there was one. Dignity was thrown to the winds. Pride there was, to be sure, but only the pride of achievement In the sports of the day, and even that . went by* the board when fun and good fellow ship were to'the fore. It was a real neighborhood jollification, and every one of those who attended came home better men and better Har rlsburgers than when they went. A half day of such association brings men more closely together and breeds more friendship than a year of formal meetings. THE NEW GUARD NOW that definite announce ment has been made regard ing the reorganization of the National Guard of the country we may expect a prompt mobilizing of the Pennsylvania divjslon. In view of the splendid record of the Twenty eighth Division, which comprised most of the old N. G. P., it is be lieved the reorganization of the Guard on modern military lines will have the approval of all who be lieve in military efficiency and rea sonable preparedness against any eventuality. Time was when the National Guard was contemptuously referred to as an organization of "tin sol „ diers," but since this week one year ago. when the gallant Twenty-eighth , Division of Pennsylvania was thrown against the advancing Hun in the second battle of the Marne, only praise has been heard of that divi sion and the other National Guard jinits which comprised a consider able portion of the American Army in France. The training received for years be fore the war in the armories and en campments was a vital factor in the quick mobilization of an effective military force in a few months after - we entered the war. Many of those " who participated in the fighting in France will re-enter the Guard in this State and thus form the nucleus of an efficient division. WILL NOT BE RUSHED CABLES from Paris carry a story to the effect that the American delegates still at the French capital are restive over the . uncertainties as to Senate action • on the pact; that it ties their hands ; and that as a result they hesitate to act with the Allies in carrying out provisions imposed on Germany. This is the sort of stuff that arouses suspicion regarding the practicality of the League of Nations and doubt as to its efficiency in establishing world-wide peace. There is absolutely no reason why the United States Senate, important as a treaty-making factor under our system of Government, should he rushed in the consideration of this document. President Wilson had ample time for consideration of the various phases of the nego tiations and it is only proper that the co-ordinate treaty-making pow er should have a like opportunity to pass upon questions which vi tally affect the American people. United States senators who have already been in conference with the President at the White House have 2 not been convinced through their confidential talks that the whole . thing should be swallowed without amendment or reservation of any .. sort. More and more this country •is beginning to understand that purely domestic questions, such as Immigration and the tariff, the Mon ' roe Doctrine and other matters of the greatest moment,; must be safe SATURDAY EVENING, guarded j n the document now under I discussion at Washington. | Senator Knox, Senator Lodge ) other strong opponents of the j I treaty and its League of Nations j appendix are determined that there * j shall be no rushing of the situa- i I tion by the man In the White House , ! and no surrender of the principles which they conceive to be vital to j the future development and welfare of the American nation. President Wilson is now exper- | iencing just what was invited by his j unfortunate attitude throughout the i negotiations at Paris. He ignored j j the Senate and the statesmen of j 1 that body are not now disposed to 1 adopt as their own the views which j he has submitted in a more or less ; general way through public ad j dresses. Nor are they likely to be i influenced by the secret confabs j now going on at the White House , from day to day, especially in view of the President's own insistence i that there must be open covenants openly arrived at. All the world wants peace, and this great peaceful Nation, which made possible the winning of the war, above all countries yearns for a return to the ways of peace, but in every quarter is a strong under current of opinion favorable to a thorough study of all the problems which are involved in the accept ance or rejection of the proposals embodied in the combination treaty and League of Nations plan inter woven with it. Our ship of state is sailing now on an uncharted sea so far as our relations with the rest of the i world are concerned. For this rea- | son, and in view of the tremendous difficulties which may confront the United States through surrender of its sovereignty or control of its own destinies, the statesmen of the Sen ate will be expected to guard against any false step in this criti cal hour. It doesn't follow because objec tions are made ,to certain features of the combination document that there shall not be some proper al liance with the countries overseas, but blindly accepting all the provi sions of this agreement between the Allies and their recent foes is not to be considered for a moment. It is our duty as a free people to safe guard at every turn our sovereignty and the inalienable rights of an in dependent and just Nation. STOP FORESTALLING T T IS apparent that the old-farc in stalling ordinance now on the statute books of the city can not be made to apply to the pres ent situation. Its Intent Is all that might be asked, but its operations are limited. A new ordinance, meet ing modern conditions, should be written around the general thought embraced in the old ordinance and new and heavier penalties should be attached. No time should be lost In this. It is an indisputable fact that many retailers buy in the city mar kets goods brought to town for sale directly to the consumer. This should be stopped. The markets are intended for the consumer and the farmer, not for the middlemen who is interested only in the taking of a profit. If there is any surplus after the regular market hours, then it would be only reasonable to j permit the sale of such surplus to j retailers for reselling, in which j case the consumer would have only himself to blame if he did not take advantage of market-house prices. Worse even than the mere buying by retailers is that the additional prices they are compelled to ask in order to live results in the farmer advancing his prices to meet the new maximum, and s§ the con sumer is made the goat of the whole transaction. An anti-forestalling ordinance is demanded. The councilman who votes for such a measure will be popular in Harrisburg. GO SLOW RADICAL prohibitionists in Con gress may do the cause more harm than good if they are not careful. For years prohibition ists have been crying for fair play. Now they are charged with jamming legislation through the House with out opportunity for debate and in violation of all the principles of democracy. Their excuse is that any means is Justifiable in their fight against rum. But Americans be lieve in fair play for even the under dog, and in this case the violence of the prohibition leaders may be very hurtful to the admirable object they have in mind. • A grhat majority of the people are opposed to a resumption of the sale of intoxicating liquors. They have had their fill of the saloon, and the police records already show the beneficial effects of temperance leg islation. But they will resent any effort to go behind the intent of the -present war-time prohibition meas ure, which was to (stop the sale of intoxicating beverages on July 1 of this year. Nothing is said therein concerning the right of the private individual to his own stock of liquors, and there can be no excuse at this time for interfering with what looks like personal privilege, condoned, if not actually permitted, by the law. Next January the prohibition amendment goes into effect and it will be enough at that time to con sider the more stringent enforce ment legislation that then will be necessary. Wise and conservative thought is desirable. Hit-and-run methods will not do either now nor then. Congress would do better by confining itself at this time to a clear definition as to what degree of alcohol may bo permitted in drinks rather than in attempting radical regulations not in keeping with the letter of the present pro hibition statute and tending only to strengthen the hands of the liquor forces. 1 fUUUsIx 'PfcJVKOlffccaiua. By the Ex-Committeeman Pennsylvania will elect forty-one judges of various classes at the No vember election and petitions are now being circulated in advance of the September primary in a number of counties with prospects of inter esting contests. In Lehigh and Washington counties judges will be elected to fill newly created posi tions, the Governor not appointing, while in Cambria an orphans' court judge will be elected for the full term, an appointment having been made. There will be elected one superior court judge by the State at large and eighteen common pleas judges, Allegheny having the most. Five orphans' court judges will be elect ed, one Allegheny county court judge and two Philadelphia municipal court Judges. Fourteen associate judges will be elected. Huntingdon county will elect two and one each will be elected in other counties. These elections will all be under the nonpartisan act. > —Thus far Governor William C. Sproul has approved 413 bills of general character and 43 appropria tion bills passed by the last Legisla ture with prospects that the number will be increased in the next twenty four hours. Sixty-two bills have been vetoed. The Governor has been at work for the last three days on the 420 bills making appropria tions to charities and various other objects. He has between sixty and seventy bills of general character in his hands to dispose of. —The time for acting on bil's ex pires next Saturday. —Harvey Wible, brother of L. H. j Wible, of the State Department of ! Agriculture, is a candidate for Re publican nomination for county commissioner in Fulton county. —District Attorney John J. Pat terson, of Juniata, and George E. Lloyd, of Cumberland, will be can didates for renomination. —Entrance of James W. Leech into the Cambria county orphans' court judgeship contest means a lively fight as Mr. is well known all over the county. How ever, Judge Reed, the Governor's appointee, is pretty strong. —Xorman E. Clark, candidate for judge in Washington county a few years ago, will likely run for the new orphans' court. —ln an editorial commending i Governor Sproul for commencing the ! cutting of the general appropriation I bill in his own department and on j the futid for his own personal use, j the Philadelphi. Bulletin says: "He j imposes the same rule of economy j on himself in the personal use of i the public funds to which he is ! privileged, that he would enforce on j departmental heads, and sets an | example that ought to be followed j even beyond the point of necessity j marked by the limitation of appro priations. Some day the people, j burdened with the increasing cost of administrative government will ap preciate in full the official who does not regard public office as a private crib, or measure his power by the appropriation he can pull through the Legislature, but rather prides himself in matching the maximum of efficiency with the minimum of cost to the taxpayer." —Reading Socialists will hold a caucus to-night to name a full city and county ticket. The party plat form will also be prepared and adopted at the meeting. Interest centers in mayor, council, controller, treasurer and school board. The names of J. Henrv Stump A. R. Rower and James H. Maurer loom up prominently for the mayoralty. —Candidates arc thick in Union county this year and the primary, will be lively. Candidates for coun ty commissioner on the Republican ticket are Gettleb Kowe, who has been prominent in polices fop years: J. E. Hubler, J. W. Ruhl, j. W. Zimmerman. Walter Lilley, Scott S. Walter and A. A. Showers. Wil liam H. Groover and M. H. Lesher are Democratic aspirants. District Attorney C. C. Lesher may not have any opposition. The county treas urership is sought by John E. Haekcnburg, E. E. Kling, Wilbur E. Bennage and James B. Chambers with Charles S. Zellers in the Demc cratie end of the Meld. —George W. Atherton, one of the oldest attorneys of the Franklin bar, is out for district attorney. —Abolition of the historic Xinth Internal district takes with it a unique figure in Pennsylvania Demo cratic politics, B. F. Davis. He has been a storm center in Lancaster for years and managed to boss the county committee. He was made revenue collector after having been a member of the Democratic reor ganization committee which "be headed" various party leaders and gave Palmer, McCormick et al their start. And now Davis gets the ax, while Xortheastern Pennsylvania Democrats, who recently gave Pal mer a dinner, are not disturbed. It will be recalled that the Scranton district was reconstituted to reward deserving Democrats and flourished much in the newspapers for a time. -—The Philadelphia reformers and independents have adopted the his toric designation of the "Committee of 100" for their official body to buck the Vares. —The Pottsville Republican ad vances this thought: "It may be possible some time to evolve a sys tem of public office holding which will require the incumbent to be thoroughly competent in every re spect for the duties he will he called upon to perform, to make it possi ble to remove him on a thirty day notice for failure to give faithful and efficient service and to continue him in office indefinitely at increas- HAXUEUHBUKO TELEGRAPH THE NEW NINETEENTH ..... ..... ... ByBRIGGS ing compensation as long as he is I an asset to the community." —York county Democrats are at 'it again. The well informed York I Dispatch says: "In the nomination | of county tickets bitter factionalism lias already developed among the I Democrats. This is not at all new, i but it is of special interest at this [ time, because the coming primaries will witness an important clash in [ the fight for political supremacy be- I tween the Brodbeck and Fix forces, looking ahead to the nomination for ! Congress next year. For this nom ination. A. R. Brodbeck, of Han- ( over, who was decisively defeated : for re-election by his Republican opponent. Congressman E. S. j Brooks, last fall, and A. F. Fix, j 1 present county treasurer, who was defeated by Mr. Brodbeck for the Democratic nomination for Congress i last spring, both aspire, and head ] opposing factional forces. As the j primaries of this fall approach, the j breach between them is becoming | wider." The Man of Morn [From the Baltimore Sun.] The Man of Morn came down the way With laughter in his eyes of light; He saw the world a sunny day, He helped the world forget the i night, He took the care and took the grief, : And fled with them and cast them out, | And brought the world a new belief And sang and rang a battle shout. j The Man of Morn was good to sec i Because of smiles that decked his face, i He broke men's gyves and set them free And made the world a sunnier ■ place. | He grasped the shadow, rolled it j back, ] And put the vision in men's hearts, And lifted them from off the rack And swept old sorrow from the marts. He played and danced, he was a beam From hills of beauty and of dawn; j He showed the world the way to dream. He took the greed and hate and scorn, And cast them down, and with the sun • Of hope and cheer relit the morn In spirits that had cried them done. The man of Morn came down the street. And all the weary and the old ! Turned young and gay and blithe and sweet And travelled back from gray to gold. He took the sighs and sobs and tears I And turned them into smiles and song. . _ . i j ! And stayed the doubt and healed the fears And steeled the right against the wrong. j He loved and suffered and was true He gave and served, and answered deqth ' With Spring, and on his trumpet blew A challenge with his morning breath. 1 A piper of the peace of earth, I He led the legions, and they came I With dance and song and smiles of mirth . I That sprang from his auroral flame. TRADE BRIEFS '■ The fusion of the well known British shoe polish firm of Day & ' Martin Ltd., with Hargreaves Broth- I ers & Co.. Ltd., a long established I concern, which for many years manufactured only laundry "blue" and black lead but which has more I recently added floor, metal and hoot ! polish ' and other household re- I quisites to its products, is reported 1 from London by Trade Commission | or H. G. Brock. Japanese peppermint and menthol ! dealers expect a revival in their trade soon. There was quite a slump in this industry during the war, the only orders that were re ceived being small ones coming from America and parts of Europe. Chinese Government railroads yielded a good profit for the year 1917. The report for that year shows a surplus for the' entire system of $21,630,195, which is a slightly larg er sum than the 1916 surplus and ! nearly double that of 1915 j. Japan's foreign trade in forest pro j ducts has greatly increased during 1 the past year. The export Of lum ber amounted to $6,000,000, vegetable wax to $1,792,000. Camphok was shipped to the value of $1,5f1L500, and exports of cocoanut oil smnfcisd to $5,840,000. R A REJECTION SLIP [From the Saturday Evening Post] W OULD-BE contributors whose | theories of world saving are returned by us because they j are in opposition to human limitations j and the sometimes regrettable but ! always immutable laws of Nature, < write us occasionally that the press ' is owned, body and soul, by the soul- j less corporations. Sometimes a soap-box contemporary charges that the' great dailies and periodicals ale either bought by their ; favorite prop, big business, or bribed 1 indirectly by their advertisers. But it is the section of the press that most often uses the words "bought," I "bribed," "wage slaves,',' "capitalist press," "kept press" tmit is most of- j ten unreliable in both its editorial and advertising columns. Their j standards of advertising morality, ! when compared with thos<* of a ma- j Jority of our great newspapers and j periodicals, are as low and debased • as tfieir editorial aims. The professionally discontented j and the professionally ground-down j must have a soap-box newspaper or I periodical and, if possible, some sort j of an organization that will both 1 subscribe to their papers and pay i dues to their organizations in order j that they may stimulate discontent j and coin it into an easy living and ; a good-thing position for them- ; selves. Divine discontent—heretofore j the great American incentive to true ' progress—is being superseded by a i new discontent that believes in noth- | ing but the devil and all his works. 1 Nothing could be better for our j country and Its citizens than the old I American discontent that spurred one | upward. Nothing could be worse | than the new Russian discontent that would drag all down except those leaders who see in the stupidity and credulity of their followers a chance to gain positions that could never be theirs in the competition of brains, and fortunes that they eould x never accumulate in the competition of commerce. Facts, figures, reason, logic and truth are all capitalist lies to these fellows. They appeal to an j age-old Instinct in humanity—a per- Thc Building Situation A current bulletin of the Ameri can Exchange National Bank of New York. City makes this interest ing statement: "Building statistics for May af ford the highest satisfaction when viewed in the relation of such fig ures to general confidence. Econ omists regard the evidence present ed in the form of purchases of ma terials to be used in permanent construction as the highest that can be adduced in proof of a state of confidence in the existing price level. That being true, May, with | the highest values involved in build t ing permits, but two in the history j of the country, apparently offers a guarantee that prices have reach ed the "bottom" and an assurance i for the future that should remove I lingering doubt. The total value of j the buildings projected under the permits issued in 167 cities during | the month reached the satisfactory ; figure of $107,701,000, an increase of i nearly $57,000,000, or more than j double the figures for the same ' month of last year and nearly $20,- 000,000 more than in the same month of 1917. The only two months that show h higher total are May and July of 1916." \Legion to Have an Emblem A button adopted by the National ! Executive Committee of the Ameri- I can Legion as the official emblem of ! the national organization of 4,000,- j 000 American veterans of the great ' war will be distributed in a few [ days to members of the legion I through State branches and local | posts throughout the country. The button is three-quarters of 'an inch in diameter. It consists of ' a central small replica of the regu j lation bronze five-pointed star dis charge button issued by the War Department to honorably discharg ed service men, surrounded by a narrow circular bond of blue en amel, containing the words, "Amer ican Legion" in gold letters. The button has a fluted gold edge. The central replica of the discharge button will be silver instead of I bronze for members of the legion who were wounded in the service. The necessary steps will be taken by the Legislative Committee of the American Legion, headed by former Senator Luke Lea of Tennessee and former Congressman Thomas W. Miller of Delaware, to have the em blem copyrighted and its use fully protected. , ferse desire that crops out at inter vals in mankind to follow after some false god, in the secret hope that he will be more lenient with their stupidities, more sympathetic with their laziness, kindlier with their vices than the Just God of their fath ers. The turning of the old Israelites to Baal, to Dagoh and other false j?ods of the Bast was probably a crude Old-Testament Bolshevism. Nothing is easier to be a fake Messiah if one cares to deceive and mislead the people. Almost any man of plausible address who will let his whiskers tgrow and walk down the street proclaming a new creed—espe cially if it promises less work, more pay, more w'ine and more women— can gather a following overnight and head a new sect, with what theatri cal people call "important money" flowing Into his coffers. For life is hard if lived rightly—but it is even harder if lived wrongly. Happiness is something that we are doing, not getting, day by day. And nothing permanent is built without slow and deep foundations. A bomb may blow up a factory, the torch may destroy a city, but they must be rebuilt one brick at a time. Lenine and Trotzky and their followers, from the ' un educated sincere fool to the edu cated insincere ass, may destroy civilization, but it must be rebuilt in the sweat and blood of coming generations—generations that they would re-enslave in the name of freedom. Publishing is a field that is open to anyone with an idea and the ability to express it. For the real capital of publishing—the only product of publishing—is ideas. The actual paper or periodical is simply a pack age. Because of this, perhaps, it is easier than in a business where the product is a concrete thing to sell poisonous, adulterated and meretric ious goods to the unsuspecting and uneducated. The market is full of quack papers, containing easy-to take nostrums for every human ill and pink panaceas for white-livered people; but they are all dope—at best, cheap opium and wood alcohol—pur veyors of half-lies, near-lies and lies. Reorganizing the. Guard [From the Philadelphia Press.] Gratifying indeed is the conces sion to the patriotic pride of Phila delphia and the State in the assur ances of General March to Con gressman Crago that the red Key stone of the 2 Bth Division would hot be transferred to a regular di vision of the American army. This departure from the intentions of the War Department to confer the titles and insignia of certain National Guard Divisions on regulars is a re cognition of the superior claims of Pennsylvania in the perpetuation of the deeds of valor and records of her heroic sons. The red Keystone will be a covet ed badge of honor when the new National Guard is organized. Vet eran guardsmen and officers who served in France have expressed their desire that the Keystone Di vision should not be the title of a regular division. For the present the famous insignia will not be ap propriated to the National Guard of Pennsylvania. But when reor ganization of the National Guard has proceeded toward completion, there is reason to hope that the red Keystone will be the authorized emblem which every soldier of the State'will be proud to wear. In the meantime the War Depart ment authorizes the formation of four infantry regiments of the Na tional Guard in Pennsylvania.. This allotment is greater than that of any other State, except New York, which >8 authorized to organize and maintain six regiments. In addition to th's full division of infantry, Pennsylvania is alloted the right to maintain auxiliary troops compris ing one cavalry squadron, one regi ment of-field artillery, one battalion of field engineers, one field signal battalion, one engineer t/nin and one sanitary train, complete. A Real Show The comely wUlow strolls this way. And she's a pleasant sight, For she is -nigh diaphanous, Clad in her widow's mite. —Tennyson J. Daft in Kansas City- Star. A Shattered Romance! [From Medicine Lodge Republican] Maud Muller, on a Kansas farm, Drove out her father's binder. The wheat was tall; so very tall. The judge could never find hex. JULY 19, 1919. Germany's Guilt In an article headed "The Ques tion of Quilt at Versailles," Dr. Richard Grelling, author of the fa mous brochure "J'aecuse," in which the guilt for the world war was laid at the door of the German gov ernment early in the European con flict, returns to an analysis of this question in bitter disappointment because the revolutionary German government has still failed to con sider it frankly and to draw the proper conclusions from it. The article, which appeared in the Freie Zeitung of Uerne of June 11, a copy of which has just been received hore, derives added interest from the fact that immediately after the armistice Dr. Grelling hurried back to Germany to take part in the purging und reconstructive ( pro cesses of the revolutionary govern ment and to co-operate with the Socialist Karl Kautsky in examining the secret German archives, with a view to publishing these to the world in the effort to bring to light the true origin of the war. This effort of Kautsky, however, was soon •nipped in the bud by the Ebert- j Scheidemann regime, which char- ' acteristized such a publication as for the time being Inexpedient. In his article Dr. Grelling says: "Truly there is no help for the unfortunate German people. All addresses and sermons since the beginning of the decline and the overthrow of the crowned criminals, all ardent injunctions and warnings on the part of true lovers of their fatherland, have been merely so many words spoken into the wind, fallen on dehf ears and hardened hearts; also all attempts to say to them: 'Confess your guilt in the war; freely take,upon yourselves all the burdens, that have been put upon your opponents through the misdeeds of your former rulers. Free your conscience. purify the morale of your people.' "The very make-up of the first revolutionary government, with Ebert. Scheidemann. and Landsberg as People's Commissioners in the empire; Sudekum and Hanisch in Prussia, and a David, most stubborn champion of the 'war of defense' theory, especially in the Foreign > Office, seemed to destroy all hope of an Inner change in the German mentality, a voluntary confession, and honest repentance. What Next? [From Forbes Magazine.] It doesn't require a magnifying glass to find evidences of profiteer ing in this country. The prices we are compelled to pay for suits, for certain cotton materials, for shoes and for numerous other necessities are outrageous. And now comes a prominent Brazilian authority on coffee who gasped on arriving in New York and finding that as high as 75 cents a pound was being charged for coffee and that medi ocre stuff was selling for 40 cents a pound. He declared most em phatically that the 75-eent brand sold in Brazil for 12 % cents and the 40-cent variety for 10 cents. He added that every Brazilian port is piled high with coffee ready for ship ment, the vessel by which he traveled brought no less than 30,000 bags of coffee and fully half as much cocoa. As if the prices here were not high enough already, an increase of 7 cents a pound was audaciously an nounced a week or two ago. New York's commissioner of public mar kets, Jonathan C. Day, states with out equivocation that "mercantile manipulation Is responsible." He declares that he learned quietly some time ago that a powerful ring , was being formed to control coffee prices here. Street Railway Troubles [New York Times.] It is well that the fact that the ; nickel buys only one-half as much ! for the electric railway operators as ] for their passengers should be I brought, home to the riders. The ; open-minded among them may be ! brought to see that they are ap- I proaching the end of getting more than they pay for. But it is neces sary also to bring home to local reg ulators the responsibility which they share with the Federal War Board for the creation of the present sit uation. The electric railway bank, i ruptcies are scattered through I twenty-eight States, and the number jis increasing. But in only few cases : have the local regulators appreciat ed any more thun the Interstate Commerce Commission, or the courts hitherto, their duty to keep charges and costs in solvent rela tion. * * * It appears to be clear that fares must be increased, or many riders must\ walk. Last year there were eleven billions of i electric railway passengers. Ebenitig (£ljal j Capitol park extension proper ties have been turned into a huge truck storage place by the State Highway •Department, over 350 army trucks being parked there with arrangements under way to care for more. The mobilization of the scores of trucks, many of which saw service at army camps during the war, has been under way for several days just beside the Capitol and they are now arranged in long lines ready for any service. The trucks have been turned over to the State Highway Department by the War Department for use on State roads and more than origin ally promised have been sent here. The vehicles are part of the im mense number bought for war ser vice and not needed now, being turned over for use on the re pair and maintenance of State high ways, especially those connecting with inter-State roads and which were used by the fleets of trucks that passed through Pennsylvania to the seaboard during the war. The plan of the Highway Depart- I ment is to assemble the trucks and i then send them to the districts ! where State work is under way. j The use of the trucks will save the ' State large outlays of money as I there will be enough to distribute through every county. This is from the Scranton Re publican: "Local autoists will feel an interest in the announcement that a telegram from Congressman Casey states that the President has signed the . bill giving authority to the commissioners of Luzerne county to erect bridges over the Susquehanna river in Pittston, Wilkes-Barre and Shickshinny. Scranton interest, of course, cen ters in the new bridges in Pittston and Wilkes-Barre. The bridge plans must be approved by the Water ways' Commission at Harrisburg before anything more can be done. It is expected that this body will act quickly and then bids for the construction of the new structures will be invited. It seems that pro gress has already been made on the design and plans for the Wilkes- Barre bridge. State officials and chemists will decide here next Tuesday when an egg is stale. This will be the first time that an official meeting has been arranged for the determination when an egg censes to be fresh and is the result of the approval of the legislative hill forbidding un der penalty of a line the offering of stale eggs as fresh. This bill, whiclt was advocated several sessions, is now a law and there have been some questions raised as to just when the egg may no longer bo presented to the buying public as fresh. As a result JameS Foust, director of the Bureau of Foods of the State Department of Agricul ture, has arranged for a conference of officials of the department with the chemists of the bureau at the Capitol on Tuesday to obtain expert opinion and discussions. A formal ruling will be handed out and mean while some interesting tests and ex periments are being made by the chemists. • • • As a result of the period for the Governor to act upon legislativo bills the mail of the various depart ments at the State Capitol has in creased considerably through let ters sent here by inquirers' as to effect of legislation. The office of the Secretary of the Commonwealth has been unundatcd by such letters and some of the writers seem to have the opinion that bills in which they were interested passed tho Legislature when they did not, while others have asked for rulings I on the effect of bills which met the I Governor's veto ax. An unusual I interest has been manifested all ■ over the State in the work of the Legislature in which the variety of bills affect almost every walk of life. Just an illustration of the way school children become interested in books and the way they follow up efforts to broaden educational advantages this story may be told about the Harrishurg Public Library. A branch of the work of the Library of which the average person knows very little is the school library. The Library puts out about a dozen branch libraries in schools during the school year and the. books are read by thou sands. When the schools end the service ends too. The other day a couple of youngsters from a build ing in one of the outlying parts of the city asked Miss Eaton for in formation about books and it de veloped that they wanted to read at the Library the books they had seen in the branch at their school. • • • Edward A. Howell, the veteran librarian in charge of Reading's City Public Library was among the Capitol Hill visitors. Mr. Howell is a first cousin of General Hunter Liggett, of the United States Army who won such signal honors in France. He was a schoolmate of the late Governor Pennypacker, and his stock of reminiscences is most interesting. In 1880 Mr. Howell was the U. S. Census Supervisor ,of his Congressional District. WELL KNOWN PEOPLE —Francis Fisher Kane, United States Distrity Attorney at Phila delphia. was a visitor to the State Capitol. —Judge John R. Head, who filed the decision in the Superior Court in the Fifth Ward case, is one of the early members of the court.. He lives at Greensburg. —Col. Fred Taylor Pusev, quar termaster of the Keystone Division, may become an officer of the new National Guard. —Roy A. Hatfield, president of Montgomery county commissioners, is an advocate of a memorial bridge for the soldiers of that county. —Mayor William H. Smart of Uniontown, has made his city be good through a crusade against the gamblers. —Col. Asher Miner, commander of the Luzerne artillery, cited by General Pershing, used to be a member of the Legislature. —Mayor E. V. Babcock, of Pitts burgh, was a guest of the Governor for a day accompanied by Mrs. Babcock and his son. I" DO YOU"KNOW —That narrlsburg has double tho number of automobiles It had flvo years ago? HISTORIC HARRISBURG —One of the first corps of rifle men for the service of the Congress was formed at Harris Ferry.