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Daring Captain Rescues Aviators From Bandits and Brings Them floe Soil'.
LXXXVIII—NO. 193 16 PAGES WILSON WARNS AGAINST DELAYING WORLD PEACE BY U. S. FAILURE TO RATIFY COVENANT AS IT STANDS CHANGES BY U. S. WILL MAKE ALLIES RECONSIDER PACT President Tells Foreign Relations Commit tee Most Interpretations Suggest toHim Plain Meaning of Instrument Itself CAUSES OF SPIRIT OF UNREST OVER WORLD IS DISCUSSED By Associated Press. Washington, Aug. 19. President Wilson told the Foreign Relations Committee at the outset of his conference to-day that he could see no "reasonable objection" to interpretations of how the United States accepts the League of Nations provided such interpretations did not form a part of the formal ratification it self. If interpretations were part of the formal ratification, he con tented, long delays would follow as other governments would have to "accept in effect of language of the Senate as the language of the Treaty before ratification would be complete." Most of the interpretitions, he said, seemed to him to suggest the "plain meaning of the instrument itself." Article Ten Not Doubtful The much discussed Article Ten, the President told the Senators, was not of doubtful interpretation when read in con nection with the whole covenant. The council, lie said, could only "advise" and as its action must be unanimous the affirm ative vote of the United States would be necessary to any ques tion affecting it. Domestic Questions Meant in Article 16 Article 16, the President said, provides that where there is a dispute found to be solely within the jurisdiction of one of the parties, under international law, the League council shall so re port and make no recommendations for its settlement. Immi gration, tariffs and the like the President said, clearly come under that provision. U. S. Would Favor Complete Freedom The President told the committee the. League council would have "nothing whatever" to do with deciding whether the United [Continued on Page 12.] SENATOR LODGE QUERIES WILSON ON OTHER PACTS After the President had delivered his statement. Senator Lodge said: "Mr. President, so far is I am per sonally concerned—and I think I rep resent perhaps the majority of the committee in that respect—we have no thought of entering upon argu ments as to interpretations or points of that character; but the committee was very desirous of getting informa tion on certain points which seem not clear and on which they thought information would be of value to have in cdnsideration of the Treaty which they, I think I may say for my self and others, desire to hasten in every possible way. "Your reference to the necessity of action leads me to ask one question. If we have to restore peace to the world, it is necessary, I assume, that there should be treaties with Aus tria, Hungary, Turkey and Bulgaria. Those treaties are ail more or less connected with the Treaty with Ger many. The question I should like to ask is what the prospects are of re ceiving those treaties for action. This Treaty a Aloilel The President: "I think it is very good, sir, and so far is I can Judge from the contents of the' dispatches from my colleagues on the other side of the water, the chief delay is due to uncertainty as to what is going to happen to this Treaty. Tills Treaty is a model of the others. 1 saw enough of the others before 1 left Paris to know that they are being framed upon the same set of principles and that thcTreaty with Germany is the model. I think that is the chief ele ment of delay, sir. Senator Lodge: "They are are not legarded as essential to the consider ation of this Treaty?" The President: "They are not re garded as such, no sir; they follow this Treaty. Senator Lodge: "I do not know about the other treaties, but the Treaty with Poland, as an example, has been completed? The President: "Yes, and signed but it is dependent upon this Treaty. My thought was to submit it upon the action on this Treaty." Senator Lodge then asked whether the President could show the com mittee the tentative League of Na tions drafts submitted by Great Britain, France and Italy. The President: "1 would have sent them to the committee with pleasure, THE WEATHER Harrisburg and Vlclnltyi Fair and slightly warmer to-night nnd Wednesday. Eastern I'ennsylvanlnt Fair to night and Wednesday, slightly warmer. Gentle to moderate variable winds. Hlver. The Susquehanna river nnd all Its lirnnehes will fall slowly or reinuln nearly stationary ex cept the lower portion of the main river will rise slightly this nfternoon and to-night. A stage of übout 4.3 feet Is Indicated for Harrisburg Wednesday morn ing. HARRISBURG TELEGRAPH ©K Star-Jn&cptnJcfit. Senator, if I had found that I had them. I took it for granted that I had them; but the papers that remain in my hands remain there in a hap hazard way. I can tell you the char acter of the other drafts. The Brit ish draft was the only one as I re member that was in the form of a definite constitution of a league. The French and Italian drafts were in the form of a series of propositions lay ing, down general rules and assuming that the commission or whatever body made the final formulations would build upon those principles if they were adopted. They were prin [Contlnucd on Pago 12.] Riverside Organizes Fire Company With the Selection of Officers More than twenty-five residents of the Fourteenth ward met last evening and organized a fire com pany to be known as Riverside Fire Company, No. 15. The following officers were elected as a part of the plan for a perman ent organization: President, L. G. Dapp, vice-presi dent, F. L. Morrow; recording secre tary, C. W. Corl; financial secretary, J. Harry Sinner; treasurer, D. E. Zeiter; foreman, D. M. Porter; first assistant foreman, G. • V. Griffee; trustees, C. L. Khoades, W. P. Loornis, E. A. Lotz. • Committees on bylaws, charter, publicity and location were appointed by the president. At the next meet ing the committee on bylaws will have prepared the preliminary draft. At an early date the company will ask City Council for a charter as part of the city fire department. The meeting was addressed by A. L. Patton and H. F. Oves, both veteran firemen. Plans were made to procure a suit able site for a fire station and a number of suggestions were made which when carried out will give the Fourteenth ward greater protec tion against fire. The next meet ing will be held in the Boy Scout Hall, corner Fourth and Vaughn streets, Monday evening. Frick Employes Go on Sympathetic Strike Waynesboro, August 19.—Because several men were laid oft yesterday at the Frick Boiler Company due to slackened orders, all the employes of the Company with the exception of a few in the foundry went out yesterday afternoon on a sympathy strike. This morning the men say that those originally laid oft were committee men from the various unions. There was no demonstration at all, but the union men formed at the Frick Company and paraded with the colors to the Tool and Machine Company. There the union men in that factory were called out. A mass meeting of the town was held last evening in a field on the outskirts of town. Text of Speech By Associated Press• Washington, Aug 19. President Wilson began his con ference with the Senate Foreign Relations Committee at the White House to-day, with an opening statement on the Peace Treaty and the League of Nations. He said: "Mr. Chairman: I am sincerely glad that the committee should have responded in this way to my intima tion that I would like to be of serv ice to it. I welcome the opportunity for a frank and full interchange of views. "I hope, too. that this conference will serve to expedite your consid eration of the Treaty of Peace. I beg that you will pardon and in dulge me if 1 again urge that prac tically the whole task of bringing the country back to normal condi tions of life nad industry waits o i the decision of the Senate with re gard to the terms of the peace. Critical Problems "I venture thus again to urge my advice that the action of tlio Senate with regard to the Treaty be taken at the earliest practicable moment because the problems with which we are face to face in the readjustment of our national life are of the most pressing and critical character, will require for their •proper solution the most intimate and disinterested co-operation of all parties and all interests and cannot be postponed without mani fest peril to our people and to all the national advantages we hold most dear. May I mention a few of the matters which cannot be han dled with intelligence until the GOVERNMENT MEATS ARE IN BIG DEMAND Hundreds Buy Bacon and Beef at City Firehouses, Where Volunteer Clerks Sell Food stuffs at Low Prices to Housewives; Balance of the Bacon to Be Sold Saturday CITY HAS BEST RECORD OF ANY IN THE STATE Government food was again in big demand to-day. It was the sec ond sale by the municipal food com mittee and was contined to meats only. The crowds were not as large as on Friday and the sale lasted but three hours. There are still sev eral hundred cans of bacon on hand. The committee decided to give the people every opportunity to get this bacon and it will be placed on sale Saturday afternoon and evening at the Hope and Alt. Pleasant fire houses. The price per can, 12 pounds to a can, will be $4.25. In cluded in the sales to-day were 1,- 000 pounds of roast beef, 1,056 cans of corned beef, and about 9,000 pounds of bacon. Due to the fact that the parcel post sales started to-day the com mittee will not take up any other proposition until after the quantity of food allotted to Harrisburg for sale through the Post Office, is ex hausted. Mayor Daniel D. Keister expressed a wish to-day that his committee would remain intact for several weeks, that if any oppor tunity was presented for another purchase of food, it would be taken up promptly. With the quantity of food sold to-day Harrisburg consumers have [Continued on Page 5.] DEMOCRATS TIRE OF BUNGLING AND BAD LEADERSHIP Poll Workers Angered by Dic tatorship Which Criticises Instead of Helps Reorganization of the local Demo cratic organization without regard for the long-standing McCormick dictatorship hinted at for several weeks was openly forecast to-day by political workers who for years have honestly been trying to keep the party in Dauphin county abreast with the times. Failure of the Dictatorship to do anything but criticise men and meth ods during the little flurry of ex citement incident to getting prim ary petitions filed has annoyed the real workers t*> the breaking point. Men who are close to the rank and .file of the party, the men who regis ter as Democrats year after year in the hope that their party will put a strong ticket in the local field, said to-day that there is nothing but bad feeling over the way things have been bungled and left to shift , for themselves. Ten days or more ago workers in terested in getting a ticket into the field put the matter before the Dic tatorship. Thero was no word from the boss until the latter part of last week when it leaked dut generally that the only thing to come from , [Continued on Page B.] country knows the character of the peace it is to have? 1 do so only by a very few samples. When There Is Xo War "The copper mines in Montana and Alaska, for example, are being kept open and in operation only at great cost and loss, in part upon borrowed money; the zinc mines of Missouri, Tennessee and Wisconsin are being operated at about one half their capacity: the lead of Idaho, Illinois and Missouri reaches only a portion of its former market; there is an immediate need for cot ton belting, and also for lubricat ing oil which cannot be met—all because the channels of trade are barred by war when there is no war. The same is true of raw cot ton, of which the central empires alone formerly purchased near.y four million bales. And these are only examples. There is hardly a single raw material, a single impor ttant foodstuff or a single class of manufactured goods which is not m the same case. Our full, normal profitable production waits on peace. Industry Must Get Working "Our military plans, of course, wait upon it. We intelligent ly or wisely decide how large a [Continued oil Page .] POST OFFICE SALE TO CONTINUE Sale of foodstuffs through the Post Office will continue until the supply on hand is exhausted. Orders may be placed at the cen tral or substations or with car riers. Postmaster Sites warns purchasers not to expect deliv ery until several days have elapsed, as much time will be needed in makir/g up the orders. Expected Rush at Post Office Does Not Materialize; Car riers Distribute Blanks From Door to Door; Sale Expect ed to Grow Larger The first day of the food sale through the local Post Office has not been as exciting as was expected. Up until noon very few orders had been turned in and the Post Office authorities are of the opinion that the firehouse sales rather finished off the first enthusiasm of the buyers. Each mail carrier as he left on his first tour this morning carried with him about fifty blanks, which were delivered to those desiring food. On their second tour at noon the carriers were to collect these blanks and distribute any that were missed on the first trip. The window at the central Post Office which is to be open from 8 a. m. to 11 p. m., had only made about fifty sales before noon, but as it was anticipated that the great number of sales would come through the medium of the carriers, no surprise was expressed at the lack of business. KRONSTADT IS BURNING FROM BRITISH SHELLS Fleet Which Sinks Bolshevik Warships Turns to Port of Petrograd Stockholm, Aug. 19.—The rein forced British fleet which has been engaged with Bolshevik war ves sels is concentrated against Kron stadt, the naval port of Petrograd a Helsingfors dispatch says. Kron stadt is burning, it is said. The Bolshevik submarine depot ship Viatka is reported to have been sunk in an engagement off the Tolbortkin lighthouse, several miies northwest of Kropstadt. London, Aug .19.—The Birit3li Admiralty officially confirmed to-day the sinking on Monday morning of [Continued on Page 5.] FIND WHISKY STILLS IN P. Birmingham, Ala., August stills, one of which was warm from recent operation, were raided yes terday in the basement of the new $1,000,000 post office now being built here. CREAM UP 8 CENTS The retail price of cream has ad vanced eight cents a quart because of the rise of one cent a quart in the price of milk. FINAL RUSH TO GET PRIMARY PETITIONS IN Few Surprises Arc Sprung at j Courthouse in Closing Hours OPEN UNTIL 6 TONIGHT j Many Important Places Still to Be Filled by Can didates CANDIDATES WHO HAVE FILED Candidates who have filed on ! the Republican and Democratic j tickets for nomination for im ! portant offices are listed below. A. number of candidates who have announced themselves and tvhose j petitions were circulated, were ex -1 pected to file during the late af ' ternoon. ■ The party tickets at an early j hour this afternoon were: REPUBLICAN COUNT* County Commissioner (Two to be elected.) i Charles C. Cumbler. ; Henry M. Stine. Rororilrr of Deeds M. Harvey Taylor. Register of Wills Edwin H. Fisher. Sheriff George W. Karmany. | A. J. Mitchell. District Attorney Philip S. Moyer. County Treasurer Oliver C. Bishop. Directors of the I'oor (Three to be elected.) Albert H. Duftan. Jacob S. Farver. j T. G. George. Joseph Haines, j John H. Lehr. Samuel Smeltzer. * . Frank B. Snavcly. County Surveyor Warren J. Daniel. CITY Mayor 1 George A. Hoverter. Daniel L. Keister. John H. Shuner. City Councllmen (Four to be elected.) Charles W. Burtnett. R. I* Dare. Edward 'A. Gross. Samuel F. Hassler. William H. Lynch. Benjamin H. Reichert. City Controller Harry R. Brown. Dewitt A. Fry. City Treasurer Harry F. Oves. Clarence E. Weber. School Directors Franklin J. Roth. Supervisor, Second District George W. Kautz. DEMOCRATIC COUNTY Couuty Commissioner John Jacob Bvitington. Howard O. Ilolstein. ' Fred L. Morgenthaler. Samuel M. Taylor. Harry C. Wells. Recorder Register of Wills I William R. Danner. Sheriff District Attorney County Treasurer George M. Weaver. Directors of the Poor Nisley Y. Parthmore. County Surveyor CITY Mayor William B. McNalr. City Coiiiicilmen Harry H. Grant. William S. Rhoads. George J. Shoemaker. City Controller G. C. Berkheimer. City Treasurer James G. Miles. School Directors i muzz • i Supervisor, Second District George W. Kautz. i Clerks i,n the office of the County j Commissioners prepared for a big I rush this afternoon just before the I closing hour for receiving nominat i ing petitions for the September primaries. A number of candidates on both the Republican and Demo j cratic tickets who have announced I that they will run tor Important county offices had filed at an early hour in the afternoon, and they were expected to bring their pa j pers to the office before 6 o'clock I this evening. At the last hour J. I Douglas M. Royal, son of former Mayor John K. Royal, circulated a | petition for District Attorney. | The only petitions for important ; offices to be filed to-day were those ; of Oliver C. Bishop, of Oberlin, Re j publican candidate for county treas j urer, and William S. Rhoads, this city. Democratic candidate for Coun cil. Hundreds pf petitions for district offices in the city and county are beihg received by the clerks and are being filed according to districts. The last day for withdrawing pe titions is Thursday, August 21. Petitions for city and county dis trict offices follow:. City, Republican: S. N. Rheem, judge; H. J. Dowhower, inspector, Eleventh ward, First precinct. County, Republican: Swatara township: Jacob F. Beinhauer, in i spector, Third; Marshall J. Aungst, commissioner. Third; Lester O. Thompson, judge. Third; James B. [Continued on Page B,[ COUNCIL PLEDGES AID IN SECURING AVIATION FIELD j Big Plot at Cameron and Ma clay Streets Is Selected For Purpose PASS PARK ORDINANCES Commonwealth to Regulate Future Building About State Street Bridge Official councilmanic action to-day included: Passage of a resolution pre sented by Mayor Keister pledg ing city's aid In providing Held for airplane landing place, and authorizing appointment of a committee to confer with State hospital authorities to secure the field at the northwest cor ner of Cameron and Maclay streets. Passage on first reading of ordinance permitting Western Union Company to lay ducts to be used for underground cables, j and specifying that the work must be completed within one year after passage of the ordi- I nance. Passage on first reading of ordinance authorizing a vote on transferring $300,000 loan for bridge at Walnut street, as city's j share of cost of soldiers' and j sailors' memorial bridge at State street. I Final passage of ordinance [ granting the State the right to j occupy State street for the pro posed memorial bridge, i Final passage of ordinance giving State Art Commission authority to regulate any fur ther building one block north j and one block south of new j bridge. i Final passage of ordinances I authorizing construction of wa ter pipe in Berkley Place, and grading Reel's Lane from Fifth to Turner streets. | Passage of resolution calling Council meeting next Monday so that city officials can attend Third-Class C'ty League con ; vention in Afientown August 26, 27 and 28. City councilmen unanimously ! passed a resolution presented by Mayor D, L. Keister pledging the j city's aid in securing a landing I field for government airplanes, and ! directing the appointment of a com i mittee to meet with the officials of the State hospital to secure • the | large field at the northwest corner : of Cameron and Maclay streets, for ! that purpose. | The special committee will in- I elude Councilmen, members of the | City Planning Commission and the i committee already appointed repre , senting the Chamber of Commerce, [Continued on Page B.] Moyer Petitions Contain i Names of Hundreds, and 90 Per Cent, of Bar Members Phillip S. Moyer to-day filed I about 750 names of voters of the | county as signers to his nominating | petitions. This makes a total ct ! nearly 1,700 Republicans who have ' voluntered their support for di - I trict attorney at the September pri j mariee. Mr. Moyer, who has for years been a member of the Dauphin j county bar, and for some time coun ! ty solicitor, has on his petitions the j names of more than ninety per cent. of the Republican attorneys as eu- I dorsing his candidacy. "I have been getting around over ! the county during my leisure," said I he to-day, "and am confident that j I will be nominated and elected by i an overwhelmingly, large vote." One Man Shot, Score Injured in Fight of Strikers and Breakers B;/ Associated Press. Olean, N. Y„ Aug. 19. Frank Sagerlamb was shot in the abdo- I men and will die and more than a j score of others were seriously in jured here last night in a fight be tween striking employes of the Western New Y'ork and Pennsylva nia Traction Company and strike breakers. Douglas Jennings, shot in the right thigh, was so [>adly mauled after being wounded that he will probably lose his leg. The fightstarted shortly after dark when a number of strike breakers, who had been brought here to take the place of the striking carmen, ventured outside the car barns, and were attacked. J. W. Rodenhaver Sells Carlton to W. D. Free J. W. Rodenhaver, proprietor of the Carlton Hotel, in Market street, yesterday sold the lease, goodwitl and furniture of that hotel to Wai ren D. Free, for years manager of the old Lochiel Hotel. Mr. Free took charge last night. Mr. Rodenhaver was a pioneer in the rooming hotel business in Har risburg. He took over a rundown establishment, remodeled it and re furnished it on modern hotel lines and made it one. of the best patron ized places in the city, particularly popular with Capitol Hill .visitors and traveling men. Mr. Free, the new proprietor, has had long experience in the hotel business and has a wide acquaint anceship over the State. Mr. Roden haver said to-day that he has 110 plans for the immediate future. The hotel building is the properly [of the Dock estate. TROOPS CROSSING BORDER Eighth Cavalry Pushes Into Mexico After Bandits With Rescued Birdmen as Guides U. S. AVIATORS ARE ACTING AS SCOUTS By Associated Press, Candelaria, Texas, Aug. 19. —Troops of the Eighth Cavalry crossed the Mexican border at 6.40 o'clock this morning in pursuit of the bandits who held Aviators Peterson and Davis for ransom. Davis and Peterson accompanied the troops, acting as guides. Aviators are co-operating with the cavalry as scouts to locate the bandits on the Mexican side, flying over the Ojinaga district, south of Candelaria. Marfa, Texas, Aug. 19. American troops of the Eighth Cavalry, with aviators flying bombing planes acting as scouts ahead of the columns, swept across the Mexican border early to day as a punitive expedition in pursuit of the bandit band under Jesus Renteria, who held the American Army aviators, Peterson and Davis prisoners in Mexico, it was said at military headquar ters here to-day. Scouting Whole District The troops are supported by an adequate communication line, [Continued on Page 5.] 4* T f 4 T f T A $ ' 4 *3™ J *; ; 4 ' # <H4 ? - 4 ' # <Mt ' * • I I 4 J 4 * * € 4 * 4 4 4 1 ' 4 ' € 4 ' 4 ! < 4 ' , t 4 1 <£ ' 4 >' 1 : ; € 4 I: MARRIAGE LICENSES p " ul Saleme, Juniata, and Ellvubcth C. NcCloikrr, Altoonat JoNvpfi S. Miller, Harrlaburtf, and I<Uth J " Cro " ler Scnmton.