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Nation Extends General Pershing Warm Welcome on Return -Service
LXXXVIII— NO. 209 16 PAGES '"'LKa. a*s.a, clt " HARRISBURG. PA. MONDAY EVENING, SEPTEMBER 8, 1919. 6r ?s6 E c£S% E3 HOME EDITION WILSON DISCUSSES RESERVA TIONS FOR FIRST OF HIS TOUR Change Is Described as "An Assent With a Big 'ButScores Move For Unconditional Withdrawal DECLARES DOCTRINE IS SWALLOWED BY CONFERENCE By Associa'ed Press. Omaha, Neb., Sept. B.—Discussing for the first time during his speak ing tour, proposed reservations to the League of Nations, President Wilson replied in an address here to-day to arguments advanced by those who favor reservations. "A reservation," he said, "is an assent with a big 'but.' We agree— 'but.' " The proposed reservations provid ing for unconditional withdrawal from membership, said the Presi dent, meant that its sponsors wanted to "sit near the door with their hands on the knob," and if they say anything they didn't like to "scuttie and run." The League proviso that interna tional obligations must be fulfilled bet ore withdrawal would never re strain the United States, he said, be cause this nation always would live up to the provisions. Doctrine Swallowed Those who wanted a reservation to article ten, Mr. Wilson continued, simply didn't want to come in now but wanted to be "late joiners." Any reservation regarding the Monroe Doctrine, he added, was un necessary, because the doctrine has leen "swallowed, hook, line and sinker," by the Peace Conference and had ben authenticated by the big powers of the world for the first time. So far as reservations about do mestic questions were concerned, he declared, it would be a work of superogation. "We didn't ask Germany's consent about the meaning of any one of these terms when we were in Paris," he said. We told them what they meant and said 'sign here." Does any patriotic American want that method changed ?" There were cries of "no, no" from the crowds. If reservations were put in, Mr. Wilson told them, all that the Sen ate had written in would have to go hack for the consent cf Germany. He added that there were indications that those on the other side of the water are not in as good a humor as they had been. Take it or latavc it The only way the Shantung pro vision could be bettered, Air. Wilson declared, wou'd he to go to war with Japan, England and France. He told the crowd the nation could not "sign all but a part of the Treaty." "We cannot rewrite this Treaty." said he. "We must take it or leave it." He said he believed the Treaty should be accepted soon but added: "But no man can tell how long it will take the United States Senate to do anything." The President said he had heard some men wanted the United States to stand alone for an "armed pan- Americanism." but he did not be lieve the neople would accept it. He paid a tribute to Senator Hitchcock, the Democratic leader in the Treaty fight, whose home is in Omaha. He had been "prepared to stand by Senator Hitchcock." in the fight. The President and Mrs. Wilson rested most of Sunday in their suite at a Des Moines hotel where they had spent their first night off their special train since leaving Washing ton Wednesday. In the morning they attended service, however, at [Continued on Page 9.] An abstract of President Wil son's Des Moines Speech Appears on Page 12. POPPIES COVER XO MAN'S LAND Dover, Eng., Sept. 8. For mer British officers returning from France and Belgium where they have been going over the ground where a year ago they w.ere still fighting, express aston ishment at the manner in which nature is blotting out the scars of the war. "Np Man's Land everywhere is covered with a mass of scarlet poppies." said one officer, "and the disappearance of the rusty barbed wire makes one almost forget the place was ever the most desolate prospect a man ever saw. But the trenches are still there and so is much of the timber, both startling reminders of the days when we did not know just what was going tu happen next." I THE WEATHER, | Harrlnburg and Vlclnitri Fnlr. continued worm to-night and Tuesday. I.owrat temperature to-night about 72 degree*. Eastern Pcnnayl vnnln i Fair, con tinued warm to-night and Tuesday. Gentle to moderute wind*, mostly southwest. Rlveri The Susquehanna river and nil Its brnnehe* will fall slow ly. A atage of about 3-1 fret la indicated for Harrlnburg Tues day morning. HARRISBURG ipppp TELEGRAPH otac-3W>cpcndeftl. TO REPORT TREATY WEDNESDAY By Associated Press. Washington, Sept. S. The Peace Treaty will be reported to the Serrate next Wednesday noon, Chairman Lodge, of the Foreign Relations Committee, announced to-day. It is planned to call up the Treaty for debate beginning next Monday. Senator Simmons, Democrat, of North Carolina, announced to the Senate to-day that, while he fa vored ratification of the Treaty without amendment or reserva tion. he was convinced that con cessions must be made to those favoring reservations, and that he had been discussing with Demo crats a "compromise" on con servative reservations of an inter pretative character. KNIGHTS TEMPLAR LEAVE TO ATTEND 34TH CONVENTION ; Two Hundred Harrisburg Masons Off Eor Big Tri ennial Event Pilgrim Commandery No 11, Knights Templar of this city, left to-day at 12.01 to attend the 34th triennial conclave at Philadelphia. About 200 Knights accompanied the local Cammandery under the di rection of Commander William A. 8011, and will participate in the pa i ade to-morrow, when 200,000 will be in line. This is the 102 nd anni | versary of the establishing of the Knights Templar in North America. Commanders from all over the ; United States and Canada will at tend as well as representatives from [all over the world. Prominent Templars attending :from Harrisburg are William A. I Donaldson, Past Grand Commander of the Grand Commandery of Penn sylvania and a member cf the Fi- I nance Committee of the Grand En j campment; Arthur D. Bacon, Past j Commander of Pilgrim Command jery, and Junior Warden of the Grand Commandery of Pennsylvania; Gen eralissimo Levi M. Myers; Captain . General Wiliiani B. Mausteller; ! Treasurer Howard A. Rutherford; i Recorder N. Frank Matter; Di -1 vision Commander Clyde P. Lcve land others. ! _ To-morrow evening the Grand Ball will be held. Wednesday morn | ing there will be a competitive drill |on Belmont Plateau, Wes Fairmount I Park Wednesday evening will sec tho Naval Review in the Delaware [River. The Thursday program 111- I eludes a historical, industial, and : patriotic war pageant and illumin ation of the harbor. The Com mandery will return to Harrisburg Friday. Vast Meeting Is Feature of Convention Opening by Knights By Associated Press. Philadelphia. Sept. 8. A vast meeting at Independence Hall fea tured the official opening here to-dav or the thirty-fourth triennial con- ? f the Knights Templar of the L nited States. at G ° Ve i', no f Sproul, of Pennsylvania. M. E. Sir Lee Stewart Smith, Grand Master of the order and Major General Charles M. Clement, former !< ommander of the Pennsylvania Na tional Guard, were among the speak iers. in the name of the Knights tl'k Mr " Smlth kissed the his thc Knlibt R i e "L Receptions to , anfl their families and a band concert on Citv Hall plaza gram. th * ° penin * day's p™. Thousands of delegates from vir *ual.ly eve |"y city and town of im- Pnrtn ill J hia country, Alaska, I £.°' Hawaii the Philippines and the Canal zone are expected to attend the week's conclave. A large number are already here and oth delegates are arriving on nearly with' ♦ n hf m,n £ tral , n ' Gally decorated with the national colors and the black and white of the order, the KnhrhE," prepared to give the Knlffnts a warm reception ~3??A r ° gram f ° r J h e conclave was f a 'dto be one of the most elaborate " h 'story of the organization. n Thursday a grand parade and review by the Grand Master "n nonor of the Americans called to the colors during the war will be held. This will be followed by an open session of the Grand Encampment and a number of receptions and con certs. The parade is expected to be about seven miles long. JAPS ON STRIKE By Associated Press. Toklo, Friday, Sept. s.—Six thous and five hundred arsenal operatives have struck demanding wage in creases. Troops have been called out to guard arsenals throughout the country. NEAR DEATH OF TYPHOID WHICH KILLS HUSBAND Mother of Mrs. Harry Hauck Also Dies of Same Disease WELL WATER SUSPECTED Two of Family Die- Within Few Hours at Harrisburg Hospital ! Her husband and her mother lying dead, the victims of typhoid .fever. Mrs. Harry Hauck, 2846 Herr , street, Penbrook is in a critical con dition from the same disease in the , Harrisburg Hospital where she has ' been for several days. ! The husband. Harry Hauck, 53 j years old, died yesterday morning •in the Harrisburg Hospital, and the death of the mother, Mrs. Alice Kel j ler, 304 Union street, Middletown, followed last evening in the same 'institution at 6.25 o'clock. She was 1 51 years old. Both had been ill for ! some time. The husband, wife and mother be came ill a few weeks ago and after a short time, physicians thought it better to remove all to the Harris- I burg Hospital for treatment. They 'are believed to have been made ill •by drinking water from a we'l tn I enbrook, the mother having been [visiting with the family at the time ; sre became ill. i Negroes Are Lynched and Dragged in Streets Jacksonville, Fla., Sept. 8. Two negroes charged with murder were taken from the city jail here shortly ! . after midnight and lynched. A mob . of 50 men stormed the jail in search ! of a negro who was being held for ■ assaulting a little white girl who had ! been secretly sent to St. Augustine I by court officers early last night fol lowing threats of violence. Finding their intended victim ; gone, the crowd seized the two i negroes charged with the murder re cently of George Dubose, a white i man, took them to the outskirts of , the city in automobiles and shot ! them to death. They then placed ropes about the necks of the bodies and dragged them through the city streets. Mercury May Go Sailing Up to 92 This Afternoon It's going to be hot! So get out the o'd Palm Beach suits once more and don't try to give away that old straw hat just yet. Yesterday was had enough, but the weatherman in timated this morning that some other place is going to be very com fortable in comparison to Harris burg the next few days. At 1 o'clock this afternoon the mercury was tipping the 89-degree mark and 92 was looked for by the middle of the afternoon. There's no chance o frelief to-morrow, but have cheer—October isn't too far away. CHARGED WITH MIRDER By Associated Press. Greensburg, Pa.. Sept. S.—John Ray, 18-year-old mine laborer, will be put on trial in criminal court here Wed nesday next, charged with the mur der of Emma Austraw, 19-year-old school teacher, of Derry township, who was attacked and murdered last May. Counsel for the defense be lieves he can secure a favorable ver dict by proving an alibi for his client in spite of an alleged confession of James Crawford in which the latter said Ray was responsible for the mur der. Crawford was lound not guilty of a muriler charge in the case last Saturday on the grounds of insanity. 300 ITALIAN'S KILLED By Associated I'rrss. Paris, Sept. 8. Anti-Italian dis turbances continue to spread in Al bania, according to dispatches to newspapers here, it being reported that a detachment of 300 Italians was annihilated at Kastrali recently. Advices say that the Albanians in tend to send delegates to the Peace Conference to demand that their country be granted autonomy. MRS. ELLWOOD KARNES DIES Mrs. Ellwood Barnes died yesterday at her home in Hainton. It was her 30th birthday anniversary. Mrs. Barnes was born in Elhausen, Hesse- Derrnstadt, but took an active part in war work, being an ardent Red Cross worker. She leaves her husband, a sister, Mrs J. Myers and a brother and a sister in Germany. Funeral servies will be held at the home to-morrow afternoon at 4 o'clock. UPS AND DOWNS, BUT MOSTLY DOWNS FOR THIS OLD-TIMER He Knew the Time When Players Thought More of Toledo Than They Did of the Cincinnati Reds If you arc interested In contrasts read this tale which illustrates abso lute polarity. A man. bearing the earmarks of past usefulness, but not a down and outer in the literal sense, sat in a side-arm chair In a down town lunch room gazing moodily out over a fast cooling cup of coffee. His dark blue cap was pulled rakishly to one side c,f his head, his low-collared shirt, open at the neck. His build was that of an athlete. He was the picture of d< Jectlon. A tall man, brisk in his move ment. rushed through the door, pe poslted a serviceable handbag on the floor, and made for the lunch counter General Pershing, Leader of A.E.F., Returns as One of War's Greatest Heroes GENERAL JOHN J. PERSHING Sirens Scream Deafening and Clamorous Welcome to Victorious Commander; Vice-Fvbsident Marshall and Secretary of War Baker Among Notables to Greet Him; Receptions and Luncheons Fill First Day at Home. New York, Sept. B.—Pershing is home again! Standing on the bridge of the huge Leviathan, itself symbolic of victory over Germany, the commander of the greatest host ever gathered under the Stars and Stripes came slowly up the bay to day, world famed and hailed as a conquering hero should be. Twenty-seven months ago he slipped secretly out of-the harbor on his way to France to prepare the way for the hosts that were to fol low. Then he was only a major gen eral. He came back to-day with four stars on his shoulders—the fourth to wear them under the American flag. The welcome g?ven would have quickened the pulse of the hero of a Roman triumph. Fresh from the capitals of allied Europe where hon ors had been heaped upon him. it re mained for New York to show the first American to lead an army across the Atlantic that "home, sweet home," has a meaning deeper than "Hail to the Chief." Hint of Tears in Welcome No foreign throats could voice the cheers, no alien hearts could pulse the greeting that was Pershing's here to-day. There was a hint of tears in the welcome, for those who gave it knew that not even the plaudits of a grateful people cou.d banish from the sad-faced soldici'a mind the memory of his own life's tragedy. Dawn barely had broken when the Leviathan loomed through ihe CITY PRESENTS FINE VIEW FROM THE AIR Harrisburg's Beauty Praised by Men Who Have Flown Over Many Municipalities; Need of Trees Is Plainly Shown Harrisburg had its picture "taken" from the air this morning by a member of the government aviation squadron that arrived last week to map the country round about for the llrst transcontinental air route, and it was the observation of a Telegraph representative who went up at the same time that if Harrisburg people knew how pretty some parts of their town look from the air and how bare others appear they would plant a lot more trees and clean up their backyards. "Harrisburg is one of the pretti est cities I have ever flown over." said Lieutenant Colonel Kirkiand in command of the aviation depot at Middletown and this thought was in the mind of the Telegraph man as Lieutenant Potter sat tuning up his big Curtiss plane on the Mid dletown field, and it was with that idea in mind he studied the land- where he gave his order for a sand wich and a glass of milk in crisp tones. The cook being none too fast, the stranger pulled out his watch and tapped the floor with the toe of one of Ills well-shod feet. Replacing the watch he impatiently waited action in the kitchen. ""Yuh put me In mind of the Pitts burgh team when they lose," mumbled the dejected one from his seat. "They always dance about that way." The stranger turned quickly and gave the <peaker a searching glance. A smile played about his stern mouth. His order arrived and the stranger (Contiucd on Page 16.J mists off Ambrose channel light ship. Steaming slowly through the narrow passageway the great steam ship was greeted by a convoy of six destroyers, while seaplanes circled overhead. forts Boom Salute The forts which guard the harbor boomed a general's salute as the ship which once was the pride of Germany crept past quarantine and nosed through the narrows into the harbor under the shadow of Lib erty's statue. While the guns stiil echoed, the whistles of merchant vessels from the seven seas, saucy tugs, ungainly ferryboats, excursion craft of every kind, and the sirens of factories on shore joined in a discordant salutation. The shores of Staten Island, Brooklyn, New Jersey and Manhat tan were lined with thousands whose shouts of greeting came faintly across the waters of the bay to the familiar figure on the bridge. They made up the vanguard of the vast army of welcomers which al ready had packed Battery Park and overflowed into the streets beyond, waiting patiently until Pershing had been greeted by Vice-President Mar shall and the Secretary of War and [Continued 011 Page .] | scape from a height that varied from 1,000 to 4,000 feet. No Ncotl to Worry There is plenty of time for the i airplane observer to take stock of things below. Much has been writ ten concerning the thrills and sen sations of airplaning, the nervous ness of the man about to take his 1 first ride, but there is nothing like stage fright for the man who stud ies the young Army aviators as they in the most matter of fact manner go about getting ready for their flight. They do it not once but many times every day, and get away with it, so why should the occa sional passenger have any worry? Getting off the ground is a real sensation. There is a rush of air as the propellers gather headway and before one realizes it he is off the earth and dim ping swiftly to ward cloudland. Only the feeling is not that of soaring, but as though the earth were rapidly falling away below, and then he begins to get in terested. Beautiful Setting Earth-crawling folks hereabouts realize that they live in a beauti ful country, but they will never realize the surpassing beauty of Central Pennsylvania until they see tt from an altitude of two or three thousand feet, with its hills and valleys all smoothed out to a prairie-like flatness, its river and streams trailing lazily along in broad sweeps of blue and silver, the white lines that are Its roads trail [Continued on Page 15.] AMENDS CHURCH CHARTER The charter- of the Fourth Street Church of God originally granted In 1848, was amended by Judge Kun kel this morning to read Church of God. The court at the same time gave the church deacons equal rights with the elders in managing the affairs of the church. Charles C. Stroh, counsel for the church, decided a question which arose this morning when he quoted an act of 1909 recognizing legal periodicals as newspapers of general circulation. 120,000 COAL | MINERS ARE OUT I IN BIG STRIKE Thirty Anthracite Mines in Lackawanna and Wyoming Valleys Arc Tied Up OTHERS ARE TAKING VOTE Feared Delaware, Lacka wanna and Western Com pany Men Will Walk Out F y Associated Press. Scranton, Pa., Sept. B.—The thir ty Delaware and Hudson Coal Com pany's anthracite mines in the Lackawanna and Wyoming valleys, employing 20,000 men and boys, are to-day closed by a strike. The issue involved is that brought i out ten days ago when the miners of the Carbondale district, number - ing nearly 4,000, quit work in pro test against excessive dockage, too frequent layoffs of groups of men for alleged dirty coal, and the of mechanical ioaders. The griev ance committee on Friday last, after a convention of all the company's mines had sanctioned it, ordered a strike effective this morning. The order was obeyed. General Superintendent Charles Dorrancc made no reply to request from the grievance committee that he meet them to consider the issues of the proposed strike. Taking Strike Vote The Delaware, Lackawanna and I Western Company's mines, aiso em i; ploying twenty thousand men, are | to-day voting on the question of a • strike, effective to-morrow, in sup , port of the Archbald mine protest against the discharge of seveial ': miners who refused to clear away i a fall of mine rock unless they were | paid "epnsideration" rates. The ! mine officials offered laborers' pay ! only. The belief prevail* that the i men will vote to strike. President John T. Dempsey, of j District No. 1, United Mine Work | ers, which covers all the mines hereabouts, returned here to-day from a visit to Cleveland on mat ters affecting the union. He de clared the action taken by the Del • aware and Hudson miners and that | threatened by the Lackawanna men lis contrary to the laws of tl;c | miners' organization and the work ing agreements. He hopes to clear | up the situation before returning to- I night to Cleveland. Trains Taken Off Six mines of the Hudson Coul I Company in the Wyoming: Valley ; are reported working to-day, with < decreased force. ' The Delaware and Hudson Rail- I road laid off seven train 'crews to | day and gave notice that as many : more would be laid off to-morrow. I The only coal crews at work to-day are those clearing out mine tracks, i The company, to meet New England | and Canadian coal demands, to-day i put extra shifts at work loading ; storage coal at the Carbondale and ! Olymphant plants. H. JR. Omwake Called by Franklin and Marshall i Howard R. Omwake, for the past i ten years Senior Master at the Har | risburg Academy, left yesterday to i take up his new post as dean of | Franklin stnd Marshall College in j Lancaster. Mr. Omwake is a gradu- I ate of Princeton University and | holds a degree of master of arts. | After two years of post graduate | work at the University of Pennsyl j vania in the department of educa tion, Mr. Omwake went to Mereers bujg Academy, where he was in structor of Latin for four years. He I came to the Academy from Mercers ! burg in 1909. I Immediately after graduating ! from Princeton. Mr. Omwake went to Beirut, Syria, where he taHght j for three years in the Syrian Pro i testant College, the leading college lof the Near East. While he was I in Syria he spent several summers in travel through Europe, Asia and I Africa. Mrs. Omwake and their j children will remain in Harrisburg | for a while but will join Mr. Omwake some time during the fall. DISCUSS CAPORKTT'O DEFEAT By Associated Press. j Friday, Sept. 5. Discus sion of the inquiry into the Italian defeat at Caporetto in the autumn of 1917 in the Chamber to-day brought out that In the press of the country generally there are two very distinct ! tendencies. One is led by those who favor the "washing of national soiled linen" in public, while the other faction urges that it is un desirable and even ungenerous to expose to the whole world an ac count of what they consider un avoidable mistakes and faults which occurred more or less In every Army. MEXICAN WOMEN PATRIOTfc By Associated Press. Mexico City, Sunday, Sept. 7. A patriotic manifesto was issued to day by the national council of Mexi can women. It declares the organ ization "considers the country as sacred as the home, and prefers Mexico dead to Mexico unworthy." Mexican women, the manifesto de clares, "will assume the men's duty toward the fatherland If the men fail to do so." The officers of the or ganization are wives of prominent Mexican generals. ACT IS "PItOVOCATIVE" By Associated Press. Tolclo, Friday, Sept. 5. Discus sion by the Japanese press of the action of the United States Senate Foreign Relations Committee, rela tive to the Shantung provision of i the Peace Treaty reflects that an unpleasant Impression has been caused in Japan. Newspapers say that, "conf.'dering Japan's repeated assurances that Shantung Is to be returned to China, the committee's attitude Is unnecessarily insulting and provocative." TWO ALTERNA TIVES SUGGESTED TO STOP SCHOOL CRITICISM Dowries Explains New Buildings Were Intended Only as Regional Units; in Need of Third Building SUPERINTENDENT DOES NOT FAVOR FULL REORGANIZATION Two plans are to be suggested by Dr. F. E. Downes, city superintendent of schools, to provide junior high school instruc tion for all seventh, eighth and ninth grade pupils of the city. I hese plans are included in the reports which will be considered by school board in its special meeting this afternoon. The ideas are suggested. Dr. Downes says, to meet criticism of the present school system. One alternative provides for aftcr-school instruction for those seventh and eighth-grade pupils of the central district, who have not been admitted to either of the junior high schools. The other, which is presented by Dr. Downes. although not with his ap proval, provides for the dropping of the 7-B grade. The after school organization, however, meets with greater support from the superintendent. Buildings Overcrowded It is absolutely impossible to pro vide for all pupils of the seventh, eighth and ninth grades in the city in the Camp Curtin and Edison buildings. Asked if this was pos sible. Dr. Downes to-day said: "Not in regular school hours. We already have sent to each building approximately 100 pupils more than normal capacity. "They are crowded. There are about 550 additional pupils of tho seventh and eighth grades in the center of the city that it is impos sible to accommodate in regular ses sions and do justice to pupils. I think that these pupils might be ac commodate and that under the cir cumstances they probably should be accommodated in an after school or ganization. By this plan their grade sdhools might be closed early and they might then proceed to the Junior High schools to take work I jjjf | I X x '3! IJ !ANIA SIGN OR ABSTAIN i ± fe• nfpnrwd R-itwiUa tint she must sign !s T ••' |4 Ix I* T* hffi ence to-morrow as to whether 4 4 IX X EXPLOSION ON U. S. WARSHIP 4 HEpEATH J 4 U. S. S. NJEW FLAGSHIP. OF ADMIRAL ' HUGH ROpMAN, #.'!><. Jl'fE INJURY pFKFORTY- OTHERS IN A FJ B t ABOARD THE,VESSEL HERE 4 AST NKiHI FIRMEt) TO-DAY BY J WHO DIRECTED THE FIRE FIGHT f ING. 4 A - • / :.S TXT BELGIUM <4 % .. • 4 , of the American delegation at the | Ifc ty all knowledge of an agreement. ' * 4* iion. J MANY D.YTNG FROM CHOLERA * * • tl?re< .hundred persons " :: MARRIAGE UCENSES TT Kilns S. Kopc nnd Brulah A. Bailey, Itnyalton| Rnan Cklui i Knther ►>rrholt, Harrlahnrci Uearse Olkkra*, Sterlten, and Minnie Heli, Maltrn, Maaa. <2* from 3.15 to about 4.45, which they wiil be unable to take in the grade schools. This plan would in no way interfere with our present organiz ation. The matter of attendance, however, in this way, should be op tional with parents in order to avoi I the forcing of a large number of young pupils great distances. Of course, this would mean a consider able expense that has not been pto vided in the budget." It had never been intended to in troduce the new junior high school system in all sections of the city at [Continued on Page 4.] FRENCH WILD RATIFY By Associat"d Prctt. Paris, Sept. 8. According to the Echo de Paris, the Chamber of Deputies will ratify the Peace Treaty on September 10, and the Senate will take similar action on Septem ber 20.