Newspaper Page Text
Struggle Between Organized Labor and Employers in Steel Industry Is in Full Swing
HARRISBURG IffSfllli' TELEGRAPH LXXXVIII NO. 221 16 PAGES Daily M S p it B rVo.t E oXo e lt aB Hf^r C K laM HARRISBURG, PA. MONDAY EVENING, SEPTEMBER 22, 1919. HOME EDITION HEADS CLUBBED AND ARRESTS MADE IN RIOTS AT START OF BIG STEEL STRIKE STATE POLICE USE MACES AND THEIR GUNS AS THEY CHARGE CLAIRTON MOB Twenty Are Lodged in Jail THOUSANDS QUIT WORK Bulk of Men Who Stop Are Foreign Laborers The preliminary skirmish in the great industrial struggle which opened to-day between the labor unions and the United States Steel Corporation, which directly or indirectly affects half a million wage earners, pro duced the usual conflicting claims by the generals on both sides. Both are confident of victory. Few Plants Closed In the great strategic centers of the struggle, the Chicago and Pitts burgh districts, many thousands of workers obeyed the strike order but early reports stated that compara tively few plants had been compelled to close. At a large number of the outlying points officials of the smaller plants reported they were operating as usual. Elbert H. Gary, chairman of the board of directors of the steel cor poration, refused to make any com ment on the situation. Secretary Foster of the steel workers union issued a statement expressing satisfaction with .the out look and claiming that reports from outside the Pittsburgh district showed that the shutdown was gen eral. Bethlehem Holding Off An important feature of the situ ation was the announcement by rep resentatives of the 35,000 workers employed by the Bethlehem Steel Company that these men would not join the strike pending an attempt to obtain a conference with the company officials. Some of the blast furnaces in the Pittsburgh district were banked but the majority yof the plafi's were in operation although admittedly with forces reduced from 15 per cent, to 66 per cent. In the Chicago district, including Gary and Hammond, where 00,000 steel workers are em ployed, similar conditions were re ported. At Cleveland the union leaders claimed that 15,000 men were out and that 16 mills of the Ameri can Steel and Wire Company, em ploying 0,000 men were closed down. At Ohio's second greatest steel center, Youngstown, the strike leaders also claimed that the great majority of the workers had struck and at Steubenville, where three plants of the Carnegie Steel Com pany are located, it was asserted that [Continued on Page 2.] Keep Clark's Valley Road Open to Public, Board of Viewers Say in Report Reconsidering their action in fa voring the vacation of the road in Clark's Valley through Hush town ship, the board of vieweis to-day submitted a report to the court rul ing that the highway should not be closed. The stretch of highway which was to have been closed extends through the valley more than eleven miles. Hundreds of sportsmen opposed the move to close the road which if it had been vacated would have closed thousands of acres 6f hunting grounds and many good fishing streams, making them practically private preserves. After commenting on the fact that the roadway was provided by a spe cial law passed in 1829, which prob ably would mean that to close it a repealing act would have to be pass t ed, the viewers report that the road should be kept open for public travel and if put in good condition would be largely traveled for busi ness and pleasure, as it runs through one of the most picturesque parts of Dauphin county. jXHE WEATHFJ?) Hnrrlsliurg and Vicinity! Fair and cooler to-nigli< and TllCH ilny. Kit Mar t rcnnNj-lvnnlnt Fnlr nnl fooler to-nlKht. TucM<Jny cool er iinil probably fulr. Modcmlc MoutliwcKt to northwcNt >YIII<IM. Illvert The *ti*<|u<*haana rht'r and till itM hriiiiehcM will prob ably remain nearly Mtntlonary. A *tne of about 33 feet IN In tlientetl for HarrlMburg; TUVN •'ij mor Ir.g. Leaders Say Steam Engineers Will Join Strike, and Railroad Men Won't Deliver Coal to Mills Chicago, Sept. 22.—T-abor leaders announced here that the steain engineers would strike, and they asserted that these crafts men would f.e up a large part of the steel Industry, even if enough other employes were available to operate the mills. It was said that the engineers' strike would close up all the 124 blast furnaces of the I 'nitetV States Steel Corporation. The engineers at Gary voted for a second time to strike. T. J. Vind, general organizer of the American Federation of T,a bor in the Chicago district and president of the South Chicago Steel Workers' Council, said that the Lake Seamen's Union would not per mit ore to be delivered to the mills, the railroad brotherhoods would refuse to deliver materials and the miners would decline to mine coal for the steel corporation. BUSINESS AS USUAU New York. Sept. 22.—At the offices of the United States Steel Corporation here early tq.-da.v there was nothing to indicate that a general strike directed against the company's 145 plants was in progress. Heads of departments anil the clerical force started to work at the usual time and were apparently unconcerned about the strike situation. Elbert H. Gary, chairman of the board of directors of the United States Steel Corporation, declined to comment orl the steel strike to-day. He came to his office about 10.30 o'clock, but when pressed for a statement he declared: "There is nothing to say." BETHLEHEM UNIONS DEMAND CONFERENCE Threat of Strike For Next Monday Is Made by Union Delegates Meeting in Allen town, if Officals Do Not Meet Them Thursday NO ESTIMATES GIVEN OF UNION STRENGTH Standard Rates of Pay and Collective Bargaining to Be Asked For All Plants; Vote Cast Against Any Sympathy Strike Employes of the big plants of the Bethlehem Steel Company will not join with those of the United States Steel Corporation in a sympathy strike. Officials of the company, dom inated by Charles M. Schwab, were so informed to-day by del - egates representing all the unionized employes of the cor poration who now are in con vention in Allentown. Threat of Strike The union delegates, however, ac cording to an Associated Press dis patch, asked for a conference with officials of the company Thursday at 4 p. m. The committee threatens to call a strike in the Bethlehem and subsidiary plants next Monday at 6 p. m. if the request for an inter view is denied. At the offices of the Steelton plant officials this morning had received no more information than was con tained in the Associated Press dis patch. It was said also that they had no first hand information as to how conditions were developing at the plants of the United States Steel Company. Want Collective Bargaining No definite statement as to how many men employed at the Steelton, Bethlehem, Sparrows Point and other plants are unionized is to be had from either union men or com pany officials. The union delegates in making their demand for a conference say they will demand the right of col lective bargaining and the installa tion of standard rates of pay. Loses His License When He Forgets to Pay Fee Carl Reith, who held a retail liquor license for 1415 North Third street, until this month, petitioned the court to-day through counsel, to grant him another license, because lit was unavoidably absent from the cit.v, and did not pay his monthly fee for September on August 30, thus forfeiting the one he held for 1919. The court took the petition under consideration and remarked that it v. as contrary to court rules to pre sent a petition for a new license, or even a renewal of a former license, except at the time fixed, which will be enrly in 1920. II.Y CONTEST OCTOBER 4 The Civic Club announced to-day that its second fly measuring contest will take place October 4. The first piize is a $5 gold piece and live cents will be paid for each pint. NO "INNOCENT BYSTANDERS" At the Department of State Po lice to-day it was stated that yes terday's clash between State po licemen and strikers at North Clairton was the result of a call by the Burgess of that town for a detachment of State policemen to disperse a meeting which he had expressly prohibited and which his own officers had been unable to break up. The reports received here were that the State policemen were resisted with bricks and stones and that twenty revolver shota were fired, but they succeeded in clearing away a crowd of about 3,000 men. The State Police Department to-day called attention to the fact that, under Pennsylvania law, it is unlawful in time of strike or other disturbances for three or more persons to gather in the public highways when for bidden by local authorities, and also that the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania had decided that there are no "innocent bystand ers" in time of riot and that is it the duty of all law-abiding citi zens to keep about their business or seek their homes at such time. More Election Boards Are Called in Because of Faulty Primary Returns Continuing the examination of the returned ballots from the various election boards it was found to-day that in twelve more districts the voters' check list corresponded with the number of ballots issued. In the Second district of the Sev enth ward, the last one to be ex amined this morning, the voters' check list was missing and the elec tion board was notified to appear this afternoon before the computing board. In five county districts also elec tion officers were ordered to come before the board. These were Derrv township, First precinct; Susque hanna township, North precinct- Williams township, East precinct; Lykens and Londonderry townships It was expected that after the opening session of quarter sessions court this morning President Judge George Kunkel would resume the official count of the primary returns. It is likely that Judge C. V. Henry of Lebanon, will preside at court sessions during ut least part of the week. Sheriif Takes Charge of Strike Disorders \t iivncxlioro. Pa., Sept. 22.—Sheriff Ernest Horst, of Franklin county, and a number of deputies, arrived in Waynesboro this morning: and took charge of the strike gituaton. Spec ial efforts have been directed to maintain order about the various manufacturin plants, whose em ployes are on a strlxe. About most of these plants, bodies of strikers have gathered and are alleged to have attempted to cause trouble among the many at work. It was reported to-day that an armistice between shop owners and striking employes went Into effect last night to continue for 48 hours. There were no disorders to-day and an early settlement of he difficulties is expected otor-3ndcpen&ffcL Going Right Ahead With the Operation FIRST GAME OF WORLD'S SERIES IN CINCINNATI Opening Fracas of Premier Sporting Event to Be Played Wednesday, October 1 By Assorialed Press. Cincinnati, Ohio, Sept. 22.—Cin cinnati won the toss for the opening game of the world's series at the meeting of the National Baseball Commission here to-day. The first two games will be played in Cincinnati, the next three in the American League city winning the pennant of that league, then two in Cincinnati if necessary, followed by one in the American Dengue city. The place for the ninth game, if necessary, is to be decided by lot. The first game is scheduled for Wednesday, October 1. The umpires who will judge the piays in the world's series games are: American League—R. F. Tallin and William J. Evans. National League—Charles Rigler and Emmett Quigley. Tosses Coin Louis Cominskey, son of Charles Cominskey, of the Chicago White Sox tossed the coin for the choice of the opening game. August Herr mann selected heads and heads came. The business representatives se lected by the Commission were Les lie F. Constans, of Pittsburgh, who will represent the National League and William Harridge, of Chicago, who will represent the American League. Mortgage Standing Since 1818 Marked Oil in Court By signing a decree to-day order ing a mortgage for $4,900 to be marked "satisfied" the court cleared the title to the property in Market street, east of Court street, owned by Athens George, against which the lien had been standing since 1818. It is believed athat the mortgage, which was given by James Montgomery in June, 1818, was paid in 1822, but was never marked so on the .record. In searching title of the. property the mortgage was found and the court was petitioned early in the summer to order it stricken from the record as a lien. After attempts were made by the sheriff to locate any one who would have an Interest in the property and publication of the petition was made, it was presented to-day for the flnai decree which President Judge Kun kel signed. $5 NOTES ARE MADE INTO TWENTIES Raised Federal Reserve Bank notes are in circulation in the city, and a warnin-g to scan care fully all bank notes was issued by local bankers. One particular instance was uncovered to-day where a $5 note had been passed for $2O. The figure five had been carefully cut from the note and twenties substituted. The fact was uncovered only when one of the twer/tes became loose. Several weeks ago a $2 note was reported to have been raised to a twenty. NEW LEGION TO HOLD MEETING ON WEDNESDAY Veterans Who Enroll Before November 11 Will Be Car ried on the Charter The final organization meeting for Post 27, American Legion, which was scheduled for Thursday evening next in the courthouse, has been changed to Wednesday evening, at 8 o'clock, out of courtesy to the Veterans of Foreign Wars, who will hold a rally on Thursday. The intensive campaign for mem bers is bringing to the Legion scores of new men each day. Through the kindness of the Chamber of Com merce, l'ost 27 lias secured the names ot all service men in this city, and lists have been prepared foV the volunteer campaign committee which agreed last Thursday night to go after new members. The lists are in the hands of the War Camp Community Headquarters, 307 Mar ket street, and all men who have al ready enrolled are urged to select a list of possible new members in their neighborhood for personal invita tion. Last Big llally The meeting in the courthouse on Wednesday evi ning- will be the last one, in all probability, before the October convention. Delegates musT be elected for the convention, officers and an executive committee chosen for the administration of the local post until November 11. and plans outlined for the part Harrlsburg's post will play In helping to mold the American Legion in its perma nent form. Ballots will be prepared by the nominating committee ap pointed at the last meeting, but space will be left for the ivimes of candi iContinued ou Page O.J HOT SUPPER TO BE SERVED FOR 3,000 VETERANS Women of National War Aid Will See That Real Meal Is Served Everyone of the eight hundred members of the National War Aid! will be needed to accomplish the task ! of furnishing a hot, appetizing sup- | per, for the 2,500 or 3,000 veterans! of the World War, during the Wei- j come Home Demonstration next Sun day and Monday, according to the announcement of Mrs. William Jen nings, who has charge of this fea ture of the celebration. ' The members of the National War Aid will meet in the basement of the Harrisburg library, at Walnut and Front streets, this evening at 7.45 o'clock to arrange for the supper, and Mrs. Jennings is anxious that every woman who belongs to the or ganization attend the meeting. The task of furnishing the meal is a stupendous one, it was pointed out, and the time remaining for the pre parations is limited. That the supper furnished will;be the best that can be prepared, and! not a war menu consisting of "gold fish" and baked beans, is the assur ance given to the veterans to-day. "The best is none too good for there boys," said Mrs. Jennings, and the women to-night will arrange for "the best." In the meantime, the preparations for the remainder of the celebration are proceeding rapidly. Carpenters are placing the standards for the py'ons In the court of honor, in Mar ket square, and in Market street, be tween Front and Second, which will be decorated with laurel wreaths and National colors, emblematic of the Allied victory which the local boys aided so materially in achiev ing. The work of the Welcome Home is centering in the Harrisburg Cham ber of Commerce officers. The Ch&hi ber of Commerce appointed > the committee which is arranging!.'' for the celebration and which will have charge of the war memorial -to he ; erected at Thirteenth and State' streets. SCHOOLS TO CLOSE It was announced nt the offices of the city school district to-da.v that all public schools in Harrisburg will be closed at noon next Monday be cause of the celebration being plan- 1 ned for that Cay. MINISTERS LAUGH AT IDEA OF STRIKE FOR DECENT LIVING WAGE Preachers Score Inadequate Salaries Paid by Many Congregations, but Refuse to Ask More Money LABORERS GET BETTER PAY THAN WELL EDUCATED MEN "No increase in salary, no salvation," was the slogan of the Rev. Dr. Alpine, a Baptist minister, who recently advocated a strike of ministers unless they were paid a living wage. Ministers of this city, when in- i terrogated on the subject to-day, were unanimous in saying that the idea of a preachers' strike was, of j course, absolutely absurd, but that ! the question of salary was the gravest matter confronting the church at present. The strike state- i ment was variously characterized as "silly," "beyond discussion," "not , even aproaching the level of fool- 1 isbness," and in like phrases. It is understood, however, that Dr. Mc- Alpine's threat to strike was made with a smile and serves to draw at tention to his point. Pay Not Nullicicnt The Rev. Dr. Re wis Seymoui j Mudge, pastor of Pine Street Pres- ! byterian Church, was very distressed ; at the present situation of the aver- ! age minister, especially in the rural I districts. He said that there are j [Continued on Page B.] ■t t At T *s 3 JMAY GIVE ITALY FIUMK BUT MAKE IT NEUTRAL f Paris.—There were indications tp-day that the Supreme i. e • ■-. a settlement of the Dalmatic j but net * there ; &J 4* n > 4 T X terests j t *f* T TRY TO LAND ON DALMATIAN COAST X <7* London.—An attempt by Jugo-Slav forces to land on JJJ <4# 4 reaching here regarding the Adriatic controversy in which 2 € * 1 a Flume is the storm center. The landing was frustrated HK *fo 1 ■ . by the Italian naval and military authorities. jl, X X CONGRESS TO INVESTIGATE *f* * * Washington. —lmmediate investigation by the Senate <X fa L *f* Labor Committee, of the 6teel workers' strike was pro jg a ed in a resolution to-< 3 §• '* can, lowa. The resolution went over under the rules. 2[ ± X A* i ** T * 40 * i o t Coatesville,—Of the more than 5,000 men employed A 1 X | i>y the Coatesville branch of the Midvale Steel Corpora- t 4 ion a the Lukens Steel Company between ; ** X SOO remained %way at the former and one hundred a * ** the latter. Mo#t of those on strike are foreign laborers. ' At " * At • '•jL SHERIFF TAKES CHARGE 2 [ 4* Waynesboro.—Sheriff Horst, of Franklin county, and *" tj* * 9 L deputies, arrived here to-day to aid in preserving orde. * € ft * ft about the manufacturing plants whose employes are on a " <4 strike. , 9 4 ' * * At ► * * At, 4* * * A* * ± r $ * • ± MARRIAGE LICENSES # ,<s* * <4# ... .. Joh . n .. A " Haßiuan. Jnekxon o\vnlil|i. nnd Marian A. Bowrrman.t a \? !• Inhervlllei Krhnrdt K. IMder, I'linxMiilavrncy, nnd Mary B. Corbett. e* lliirrlNhurKl Kraiim-rnca MuKnelli mil Ami-lln Branca, HarrinhurKi * 9 * I I'omnit H. Kltnc nnd Annlr K. McUrrmod, l,on Antreleai Calvin r.. f W Umcr and Atta A. Kltamlllcr, Hanover. " 9 MINISTERS GET LESS THAN STEELWORKERS SHOUI.D ministers strike and let the people go to hell? This is the suggestion of Dr. Charles A. McAlpine, a New York minister. However he smiles when he repeats the "sug gestion." Dr. McAlpine explains his statement by saying that preach ers notoriously suffer because of small pay. After many years of preparatory work and seven years in colleges and seminaries most ministers get less than steel workers who are striking to day. McAlpine hopes to "brace up" the congregations.