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Death Toll Mounts Higher as Riots Between Steel Strikers and Police Are Continued
LXXXVUI— NO. 223 16 PAGES HARRISBURG, PA. WEDNESDAY EVENING, SEPTEMBER 24, 1919. si^ l O%lnts es HOME EDITION CASUALTIES GROW AS RIOTS CONTINUE; CONGRESSMEN VIEWING STRIKE AS FIRST SKIRMISH OF GREAT "INDUSTRIAL WAR" Interest Is Centered in Meeting BOTH SIDES CLAIM GAINS Sympathetic Strike of Lake Seamen Said Nearer Interest to-day in the nation vide steel strike is centering in Pittsburgh, where the national committee for organizing iron and steel workers is meeting this afternoon. Rioting broke out this morn ing at Cleveland. Three lives were lost in riots last night in "Western Pennsylvania- Reports from all steel centers to day recorded little change In the alignment of the opposing forces of the labor unions and the steel com panies. In the Mahoning Valley of Ohio, the strikers' success is com p.ete. The industry which is the backbone of Youngstown and a score of neighboring villages is paralysed and all its 4 4,000 wage earners idle. Elsewhere the struggle is being carried 011 with varying suc cess, the issue still being doubtful on the great strategic sectors radi ating from Pittsburgh and Chicago. In the Pittsburgh district the Car negie Steel Company announced to day that men were returning to work in considerable numbers. As usual, these claims were stoutly denied by "William Z. Foster, chief of staff for the unions, who reiterated his as sertion of yesterday that the strike was spreading and claimed that two additional large plants had been closed to-day and that Homestead will be idle by the end of the week. The strikers placed pickets around various plants for the first time. Chicago Is Worse The situation around Chicago is more delinite than that in the Penn sylvania region. A majority of the mills are closed and those which are still operating are doing so with reduced forces. The threat ened sympathetic strike of the Lake Seamen seemed nearer as the re sult of the refusal of the crews of eleven ore freighters to dock their vessels. important decisions affecting the spread of the strike to allied indus tries are expected to be the out come of the meeting to-day in Pitts burgh of the National Steel Work ers' Committee, of which Mr. Foster is the secretary. The question of summoning not only the Lake Sea men but union trainmen to the as sistance of the steel strikers will be discussed at this meeting. In the meantime the United States [Continued on Page B.] Mechanics to Be Given Benefit of Night School Plans for starting an evening school giving practical shop training course have been completed by Pro lessor C. E. Zorgcr, supervisor of special activities, after a conference yesterday with X. C. Miller, super visor of the engineering extension division at State College. The school will be opened in Oc tober, probably at Technical High School. Shop arithmetic, advanced shop mathematics, sketching and mechanical drawing will be taught.. Men in the city may enroll for the course next Thursday evening, Oc tober 2, at the Central High School at 7.30 o'clock. Classes will be held two evenings each week for twenty weeks, Mr. Zorger announced. The co-opera tion of State College has been as sured, he said. The only expense for those who enroll will be that of pur chasing a few necessary books. Wants Army and Navy Chiefs to Help Him By Associated Press. Trenton, N. J., Sept. 24. —Subpe- nas have been issued for the appearance in thp Federal Court here of Secretary Baker, Secretary Daniels and Generals Pershing and March to testify as to demobiliza tion in criminal proceedings brought against three Hudson county liquor dealers, charged with violation of the war-time prohibition act. The subpenas were issued upon appli cation of George H. Tucker, coun sel for the North Hudson Uiquor Dealers' Association, who is seeking to prove that demobilization as re ferred to in the war-time prohibi tion was completed when his clients were arrested. I THE WEATHER Hnrrlsburg and Vicinity! Fnlr to night and Thurndny, not much cliunge In temperature. Eastern Pennsylvania! Fair to night and Thursday, little clinngc In temperature. Gentle to moderate shifting winds. Riven The Susquehanna and all its branches will remain nearly stationary. A stage of about 3.4 feet Is Indicated for Harrls burg Thursday morning. HARRISBURG TELEGRAPH A Good Time to Keep on Our Industrial Shirt } LET us .SOLVE YOCJIR, ~1 ~/r 1 /7\ . HELP PROBLEM BY HAV/NC, / LrfrK YOUR LAUNDRY DONE WVt\r>ffc-f£ \ OUTSIDE l ~ t n A ' ! s(®a • &nFTT' KOT /psttftUlk CITY'S DESIRE ! FOR SHADE TREES IS COMMENDED State Commissioner of For-J cstry Suggests Council Take ! Immediate Action Robert S. Conklin, State Commis- j sioner of Forestry, in a letter to E. ' Z. Gross, Superintendent of City I Parks, endorses the tree planting j movement started in this city and promises his hearty co-operation in every way possible. Mr. Conklin is very appreciative of the efforts of the City Forester in this direction, but expresses the belief that better results can be obtained by the planting of a larger variety of trees and limiting the use of Norway maples. Mr. Conklin is pleased to note the interest of the city for ester in planning a comprehensive campaign and adds that the city is badly in need of just such attention as the forester proposes. He adds numerous suggestions gained from his wide experience and expresses the belief that the city and not the individual should be in charge of the trees. Council, he notes, is fully empowered to act and the passage of an ordinance is all that is needed to greatly widen the powers of the municipality with respect to street trees. Much interest has been aroused in the planting movement and numer ous requests have been made to the Park Department for trees. There are fully 500 in the nursery that ran be used and should be used for this purpose. They are- rapidly be coming overcrowded in their present quarters and should be removed. The Park Department will co-oper ate in this respect and detailed plans will be worked out shortly. Mr. Conklln's letter to Mr. Gross follows: "Our attention has recently been [Continued on Pago 7.] RETURNING TO WORK By Associated Press. Cambridge, Ohio, Sept. 24. Strikers here are slowly returning to the places they vacated Monday morning. It was reported that five of the ten mills at the Guernsey plant of the American Sheet and Plate Company are in operation and the sixth mill will be in operation to-day. !j BARTENDERS ARE DOCTORS NOW "This law holds that the sale j of whisky for beverage purposes j is prohibited. There is nothing ; in this statute which prohibits | the sale of whisky or other dis- • j tilled spirits for medicinal pur- ! | poses. But the person selling the j ! whisky must be certain that it is j ! to be used for medicinal purposes ! and that a plea of illness is not j a mere sham and pretense. P , charge you that as a matter of law the sale of whisky for medic ! inal purposes is not a violation of \ the war-time prohibition law." | —Judge Dickinson to a jury in : the United States District Court | at Philadelphia yesterday. | Skeleton Army Corps in Each Department Provided in New Plan By Associated Press. Washington, Sept. 24.- A new plan for reorganization of the Regu lar Army on the basis of a skeleton Army corps in each military depart-| ment, with the department com mander also acting as commander of the corps, has been laid before Secretary Baker and General March, j chief of staff. ■ Officers who evolved the plan say I it would provide a means for rapid | mobilization of six Army corps, or of ten If the Insular departments were included. In the event of war reserves drawn from the universal training system would be called out to fill up the units to lighting strength. All troops within a de partment would be placed under the department commander, to be or ganized into such provisional dlvis iions or brigades as their numbers warranted. The project is an alternative for the present War Department to hold enough divisions intact to form a Held Army, but to organize the corps only when an emergency arose. STRIKE IS BROKEN By Associated Press. Birmingham, Ala., Sept. 24. Steel corporation officials in the Bir mingham district declared that the strike was broken and that most of the men who went out here were ready to return, while strike leaders asserted that the fight has just com menced. There has been no dis order. DOCTORS TELL OF LIVES SAVED BY NEW METHODS Majority of Wounded Men I Able to Go Back to the Battle Lines The part played by doctors who immediately responded to the call I to the colors in the recent war and | future plans for the formation of | an officers reserve corps were two ! subjects which received a great deal I of attention at the second session of I the State Medical Society in con j vention at the Penn-Harris this morning. The demonstration and explana tion of blood transfusion was an ! other subject which was given the interested attention of the roomful of doctors who were gathered from all parts of the State to hear differ ent of their number explain the lat est developments in surgery. Transfusion of Blood The blood transfusion lecture was I accompanied by moving pictures showing a typical operation. The details omitted, and although the outpouring of blood looked like a I right considerable quantity to the j lay eye, doctors said that it was i really a very small amount and of no great importance. Instead of Pennsylvania having ! the highest percentage of rejections of men called up under the draft during the world war on the ground pf physical unfitness it had a per centage less than the average for the entire country declared Major W. G. Murdock. who was chief draft I officer for Pennsylvania during the | war. in a paper read by invitation before the general session of the State Medical Society. Major Mur dock discussed the work of the phy sicians in the draft and took occa sion to say that while the first re [Continued on Page B.] CHINA MAKES PEACE WITH THE GERMANS By Associated Press. Peking, Tuesday, Sept. 23.—A mandate issued last night by Presi dent Hau Shihi-Chang, formally de clares the state of war between China and Germany at an end. Gen eral Tuan Chi-Jui, former premier, who was responsible for China's declaration of war, is awarded the Grand Order of Merit by the man data. ofar-2fatejJcndeftL Is a Prelude to Showdown With Labor TO SOCIALIZE THE INDUSTRY Vi e w Lead er s' Statements as Significant By Associated Press. Indiana Harbor, Ind., Sept. 24. Oflicials ol' the Inland Steel Company sent an ultima tum to their striking employes to-day that unless they returned to work within two days the company will shut down the plant for six months. Washington, Sept. 24. —Congress is inclined to view the steel strike as the first skirmish in "Industrial war fare," possibly only the prelude to te lonv-talked of "showdown" be tween capital and labor which many have predicted would come in the readjustment from war to peace. The open statement by some of the strike leaders that th'e strike is the start of a movement to socialize the basic of the country, coupled with the fact that the rail way workers already have proposed, in the so-called Plumb plan, to so cialize the transportation nighways, is regarded in Congress as very sig nificant. The pending resolution by Senator Kenyon, Republican, lowa, to have the Senate Labor Committee investi gate the causes of the strike, hear ing both Chairman Gary of the steel ccrporation on behalf of capital and John J. Fitzpatrick, chairman of the j organization committee of the steel workers in behalf of labor, is plan ned to open up the whole situation if possible "in behalf of the great third party—the public," as the Sen- I a lor from lowa himself explains it, Fitzpatrick will be heard by the committee to-morrow and Judge Gary will be heard Wednesday, Oc tober 1. Foster Summoned Charges made in the House by Representative Cooper, Republican, Ohio, that William Z. Foster, sec retary-treasurer of the steel strikers' organization committee, represents i radical union leadership and has been active in I. W. W. propaganda, will be investigated by the Senate Labor Committee during its inquiry into the steel strike. Chairman Kenyon said to-day that Foster would be summoned before the committee after John J. P'itz patrick, chairman of the strikers' committee has been heard. Fitz patrick telegraphed to-day that he would be on hund to-morrow at the opening of the inquiry. H. S. Rubin, counsel lor the strikers, may be heard. No change has been made in the committee's plan to hear Chairman Gary of the United States Steel Cor poration next Wednesday. Chairman Kenyon to-day was ar ranging for a large room for the committee's hearings, as a large at tendance of senators, representa tives and others interested is ex | pected. He hoped to obtain the l use of either the room where the | I'eace Treaty hearings were held by the Foreign Relations Committee, or that in which the selective draft drawings were held during the war. Knox Speaks In the course of the debate which followed yesterday, Senator Knox, of Pennsylvania, said:— "I am not ordinarily in favor of miscellaneous investigations, and where conditions are as they have been suggested by a number of Sen ators, I think it is just as well as if they were localized and are definite and specific, to work themselves out. But it seems to me if what we see i in the press is true, that there are ! issues upon which a development of j facts in this case bears that are i much broader than the mere rem edial legislation thut might be passed to regulate strikes. "I read in this morning's paper that in certain of the larger, older and better established mills in the city of Pittsburgh and in its vicinity, where now practically 100 per cent. American labor is employed, that there is r.o strike. Trouble Witli Aliens "I saw it also stated that the prin cipal difficulty was with the Slavs and other foreigners, for whom we have been pouring out blood and treasure in the last year and a half. I do not vouch for the truth of these statements, but suppose it is true that the Americans went to •work and that the foreigners, for whom j we have done so much, and for whom we are asked to do so much, are striking, why should we not ascertain the fact as a basis for a policy that this Government should pursue?" HIT BY ENGINE Struck by an engine in the local yards of the Pennsylvania Railroad | to-day, Joseph Hurst, 61 ears old, : of 7 South Fourteenth street, is in i the Harrisburg Hospital with a j compound fracture of the right , elbow. Hurst had started to cross I one of the tracks in the yard, fail- | ing to notice the approach of the j engine. He is employed as a brake man. j JURORS SNIFF AT j WHISKY BEFORE ! CONVICTING MAN I Ask Court's Permission to! Draw Coi-ks For First- t Hun (I Proof I TWO ON MURDER LIST White Man and Negro Arc] Charged With Slaying Steelton Grocer Trial of Lawrence, alias "Little" j Brown, colored, and Theodore Mar- j tin, colored, charged with the murder of S. Wolfe Lacob, a Steelton grocer, was scheduled to start at the after noon session of court before Judge C. V. Henry. The murder occurred on the night of January 24, this year, in Mr. Lacob's store in Harrisburg street, Steelton. It is alleged that Brown, Martin and Love Wilson, who is a fugitive, committed the homicide. District Attorney Michael E. Stroup is to conduct the case. Draw Corks When Leroy Arms and Hattie Saunders, both colored, were called for trial this morning before Judge Henry, charged with selling liquor without a license on August 10, Pai l A. Kunkel, counsel for the defense, made a motion to squash the'indict ment claiming that the Federal war time prohibition act annuled the State liquor laws while it was ef fect. Judge Henry overruled the motion and the trial was started. When two quarts and one pint of whisky were exhibited by City De -1 teetive Carson and passed to the jury as "exhibits" one of the jurors asked to have the corks drawn so that they could determine the con tents of the bottles. After remain ing out a short time the jury con victed Arms and acquitted the woman. Two alleged pickpockets were on trial this morning before President Judge George Kunkel. Andrew Thomas, charged with taking $9O from James Jones on July 4 when the circus was in the city, was found guilty. It was alleged that Thomas stole the money from Jones while on a street car. Herbert Mitchell was tried for a similar offense. The jury was expected to return a verdict late this afternoon. Seven Are Paroled Before Judge S. J. M. McCurrell in his rooms seven youths from ! Hershey, charged with stealing tires. ' automobile rims and tools from machines at Hershey Park, pleaded ! guilty and were paroled after a 1 severe reprimand. They were Edwin : R. Deimler, Evan Deimler, Russell and Earl Stare, Walter and Ralph Logan and Lee Hawthorne. Other cases heard were: Daniel J. Moran, false advertising, not guilty; James Crawford, disturbing Sunday school services at Rutherford Heights, pleaded guilty and was pn | roled; Frank Pieritz, burglary, I pleaded guilty, paroled; Joseph : Huss, aggravated assault and battery, I S. G. Miller, of Royalton, prosecutor, [jury out; Harry Frank, wilful de sertion. convicted and ordered to pay his wife $5 a week. William Lloyd, larceny; Walter L. I Dowhouer, larceny as bailee, Mat | thew Barlow, assault and battery, j bills Ignored by Grand Jury. State Must Condemn Old Entrance to Cemetery Because of Old Deed It will be necessary for the State of Pennsylvania to condemn the land occupied by the old entrance to the Harrisburg Cemetery to get ground for the north side approach to the Memorial Bridge. The land was originally given to the cemetery association by the Forster estate with provision for reversion in event of use for any other purpose. The State has the right of eminent do main and while everything is amicable will have to exercise it. Arrangements were made to-day for the erection of a temporary bridge for pedestrians over the Pennsylvania Railroad tracks at State street during construction ot the Memorial Bridge. The present bridge, which contains trolley tracks, will be removed. The trolley system will run in Market street and then out Fourteenth and in Thirteenth. Railroad spurs for material will be run in State street to facilitate material movements. FIVE ARRESTED By Associated Press. Youngstowu, Ohio, Sept. 24—Five strikers were arrested last night at the plant of the Sharon Steel Hoop Company. According to police two of the men had stones tied in hand kerchiefs, while the others were un armed. STORES TO CLOSE FOR HOLIDAY All Harrisburg stores conducted by members of the Jewish faith, will be closed all day to-morrow because of the celebration of the festival of the New Year, or Rosh Har.-nali. Religious services will be held in all synagogues of the city. The holiday begins at sun set to-night and ends at sunset to-morrow. Orthodox Jews, however, observe two days. The New Year is the beginning of the most sacred of the Jewish holiday seasons. It is the first of the Ten Days of Perritence, cul minating in the Day of Atone ment, the holiest and most sacred day in the Jewish calendar. A few days after the Day of Atone ment, the Feast of Succoth or Tabernacles is celebrated during a period of ten days, in commem oration of the ancient Palestinian hurvest festival nnd of the wan derings of the Israelites through the wilderness. AMERICAN LEGION MEETS TONIGHT Post 27, American Legion, of this city, will meet at the Court house to-night at 8 o'clock for or ganization. The meeting had been scheduled for to-morrow evening, hut was advanced to avoid con flict with another meeting of the Veterans or Foreign Wars. To night there will be elected o"ieers and delegates to the State con vention in this city, October 2 to 4. Vac Post now has a member ship of 300. All service men, whotljer ihey be members or not, are invited to attend to-night's meeting. SEEKERS FOR TREASURE ARE CAST ASHORE Six Reach Nome in Native! Skin Boat After Schooner Is Wrecked by Gale By Associated Press. Nome, Alaska, Sept. 24.—Six mem bers of the wrecked schooner Casio, a San Francisco treasure seeking [boat, arrived here yesterday in a inative skin boat from King Island, ; about IB miles north of Nome, where ; the Casco grounded during a gale j September 8. All the other menj -1 bers of the crew are living with King Island natives, waiting for help, I the six said. No lives were lost. I Revenue Cutter to Rescue i When the Casco grounded she was 1 heading south from the Arctic ocean I and had almost reached Nome. The 1 crew remained aboard until the gale j subsided and then rigged up a cable I and hauled the supplies ashore. For i several days they looked for a sail j and when none appeared the six 1 men volunteered to try to row to [Nome for help. 1 The Casco which once was the 1 property of Robert Lewis Stevenson, [can be floated if help arrives before ! winter ice freezes her in, the men 1 said. The United States revenue cutter Bear left here for King Island. | The Casco left Nome July 14, I bound for a gold country in the i Kolyma river section of Northern ! Siberia. ± ' *- A 4 r vj— • y e frS , t L * * Y r # Y <& < * 4 4s X X * * Iff* 4 w. WH i * ttbi !|r * * - ■• 4 *;* Y * * £ Y * 4- e * f *? ** s * 4 | -X * a * * Y f T 4 > * „ s * !* # s * > * ! I *' * ' * > A, ' T 4* • • j; T > '* . ' |* * * # iX T 4 I I? T * '§ % MARRIAGE LICENSES 1 John F. Wit me r and Ltonn R. Hnrtmun, Mlllrntarg) Gtorme \V. *t i J" Knilcr*, Hainton, and Mora It. Klarnhunrr, l.oner Haxton Jnrac* K. Ingram, Stcelton, and Rem rice O. Pcttl*, Brcler. VETERANS WILL BE GREETED BY THE GOVERNOR Mr. Sproul to Address Re turned Soldiers, Sailors and Marines During Jubilee THE SERVICES ON SUNDAY" Men Who Have Failed to Reg ister Not on Lists For Invitations A welcome home address by Gov ernor William C. Sproul will feature ! the thanksgiving and memorial ser vice in honor of the soldiers, sail j ors, marines, nurses and welfare j workers of the Harrisburg district, | on the Island next Sunday afternoon, iit was announced at the Chamber iof Commerce offices this morning. The services Sunday will be a part iof the welcome home demonstra llion, which will continue Monday | afternoon and evening, with a pa j rade, athletic stunts on the island, I dinner in River Front Park at fi I o'clock, dances in the evening, and j free shows all day at all Harrisburg ' theaters. i Another feature of the program ! Sunday afternoon will be the presen tation of service medals of honor tc ] all of the men and women who wc-t | active in the World War. Mrs. I,v -i Inan D. Gilbert, chairman of thr j Harrisburg chapter of the American j Red Cross will present the first i medal, and the remainder will hr I awarded to the service men and I women upon presentation of the | cards which accompanied the invi tations mailed to-day to all the vet- I erans. Every veteran of the Harrisburs j district as outlined yesterday who [Continued 011 Page 5.] V. S. THE BATTLEGItOCM) \ Stockholm, Sept. 24. —Leon Trot- I zky, the Bolshevik minister of war j and marine, speaking at Petrograd j recently, gave a detailed program iof Bolshevik military operations, saying, among other things: "It is not in Finland or Esthonia that the immense world combat against capi talism can be fought, but in Amer ica and England and, above all in the Far East."