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Strike Lenders Demand u Constitutional Rights of Workers Be Upheld by Federal Government"
LXXXVIII— NO. 224 16 PAGES Dai,^ft x t p lt S t U Unh n e d p y o.t^ o n ffl" e tt a Hr e r c i°.bS u " HARRISBURG, PA. THURSDAY EVENING, SEPTEMBER 25, 1919. on &WSPAPE£ si T?VO CENTS* HOME EDITION 11 DECENT JUSTICE" IS DEMANDED OF U. S. GOVERNMENT BY STEEL STRIKERS CONGRESS TOLD CONFERENCE WILL NOT END STRIKE Fitzpatrick Declares on Stand Men Are Going to Press Advantage; Labor's Day; Employers' Turn When Gary Is Called SPECIFIC ADVANTAGES ARE CLAIMED BY BOTH SIDES With no radical change reported in the actual strike centers, interest in the great struggle in the steel industry shifted to-day to Washington, where the labor committee of the Senate opened an investigation with the avowed intention of discovering "if the situation in any way can be relieved by Federal action." It was labor's day in court, for the first witness called was John Fitz patrick. chairman of the National Steel Workers' committee. The employers' turn will come next Wednesday, when Elbert H. Gary, chairman of the board of directors of the United States Steel Cor poration, will present the case for capital. Lay Bare Causes It is the expressed hope of the committee that the investigation will lay bare the underlying causes of the struggle which is threatening the economic interests of the nation. The commit tee also is expected to probe charges, made on the floor of the Senate and elsewhere, that more sinister motives are involved than the ostensible one of the right of the workers to organize. Demand "Decent Justice" Mr. Fitzpatrick declared early in his testimony that even the consent of the steel corporation's officials to meet the union rep resentatives would not now end the strike. He asserted the strikers intended to demand "decent justice" from the "United States government." As far as actual conditions on the battle line were concerned the most important definite news came from the Chicago dis trict, where both sides claimed specific and significant advan tages. Steel corporation officials announced that the steel and slab mills of the corporation at Gary would resume partial opera tions to-day, the most extensive resumption claimed in the dis trict since the strike was declared. Offsetting this, 195 steam engineers employed in the Illinois Steel Company's plant in the same town were called out by their local, raising again the possi bility of a general strike by this most important branch of the workers. Both Sides Claim Gains In the Mahoning \ alley district of Ohio the complete paraly sis of the industry achieved by the strikes continued and the suc cess on the Ohio sector was emphasized by the closing of the plant of the Bar Mill Empire Rolling Company, with the exception of the sheet mill department, which employes onlv 500 men. This department is the only mill now operating in Cleveland. But the issue in the great Pittsburgh area, where both sides concede the battle must be lost or won remains uncertain. Cor poration officials again asserted to-day that strikers were re turning to work, admitting that the number was rtot large but terming it "steady." These claims were, as usual, disputed by the strike leaders. W. Z. Foster, secretary of the strike committee, called the situation "better than ever" and predicted interesting developments within a few days. He declined to be more specific. Farrell. Pa., where the first bloodshed occurred in the sporadic rioting which marked the beginning of the struggle, tvas again the scene of a fatality to-day. A Serbian was shot and killed bv a State trooper during the search of a house suspected of being a sniping post from which shots had been fired at a steel plan. & By .Associated Press, Washington, Sept. 25.—Even should the United States Steel Corporation consent to meet representatives of the men, the na tion-wide strike of steel workers could not now be called off, in the opinion of John Fitzpatrick. chairman of the strikers' com mittee. as expressed to-day at the opening of the Senate Labor committee's investigation of the strike. "The 350.000 on strike." Fitzpatrick declared, "are going to demand from the United States government justice—decent&jus tice." Fitzpatrick I .ate Senate investgation of the nation wide strike of steel workers to de termine whether remedial action can be taken by the Federal Government was opened to-day with John Fitz patrick, chairman of the union com mittee. conducting the strike as the first witness before the Education and Labor Committee. Fitzpatrick was late in arriving from Pittsburgh. He was accom panied by Wiliam H. Rubin, counsel for the steel strikers, who, at the outset of the hearing, asked what assurance had been given by Judge Elbert H. Gary, chairman of the board of the United States Steel Corporation, that he would appear before the committee next Wednes day. Senator Kenyon replied that Judge Gary had telephoned him that he r ould be present Wednesday and added that "until that time we will not question his being here." Rubin requested that the com mittee place in the record corres pondence between Joseph P. Tumulty I THE WEATHEff!] HarrlahurK and Vicinityi Fair to night. Friday and probably Sat urday. Somewhat cooler Satur day. Eastern Pennsylvania! Fair to night. Friday and probably Saturday. .Moderate to freah west and northwest winds. Itlveri The Susquehanna river and all Its branches will rail slowly or remain stationary. A stage of about 3.3 feet Is in dicated for Harrisburg Friday morning. HARRISBURG TELEGRAPH secretary to the President; Samuel Gompers, president of the American Federation of Labor, and Chairman Fitzpatrick. regarding efforts to post pone the strike. Senator Kenyon asked Rubin to read the telegrams and letters, which already have been published. Reviews Labor Conditions Fitzpatrick opened his statement with what he said was a brief his tory of labor conditions in the steel industry. "With the creation of the steel corporations, a campaign was be gun with the object of pushing or ganized workers out of the mills," he said. "A great sum of money, I don't know whether it was $2,000,- 000 or $20,000,000 was appropriated. In recent years labor has begun to realize the tremendous importance of the steel industry and its in fluence on other industries. "While we were getting the eight hour day and better working condi tions elsewhere, the steel mills still operated with very long hours and with wages below the proper line. Labor understood then the necessity of organizing the steel industry for the purpose of controlling its ef fects on the others, and at the last two conventions of the Federation of Labor the step was authorized." Fitzpatrick said representatives of 24 international unions, affiiated with the American Federation of Labor, met in Chicago, about a year ago and affected a campaign committee to organize the steel workers Sam uel Gompers was elected chairman and Wiliam Z. Foster, secretary. Men and money, the witness said, were assembled, but funds were so limited that the initial organization efforts were confined to the Calumet [Continued on Page 2.] Taking All the Pleasure Out of the Trip j THE MIXAOt CUTUPS NEW YEAR'S DAY USHERED IN BY JEWISH PEOPLE Prepare For Yom Kippur With Services in Every Synagogue I At sundown last evening in all ! parts of the world began the cele bration of the New Year Kosh Hashanah which marks the year ! 5650 in the Hebraic calendar. It is the first day of Tishri, the seventh month of the Jewish ecclesiastical year, and the first in the civil year, which in English means "Head of the Year." Tishri is considered by the ortho dox Jews the most important month because of fne fact that Yom Kip pur, or the Day of Atonement, and Succoth. the Festival of Tabernacles, also fall in its span. The celebra tion, during which no work except that necessary for charity or the poor is done, lasts for forty-eight hours. Some of the Jews of liberal ten dencies will celebrate only the first twenty-four hours, but services will be held at all of the synagogues. The ten days which elapse between Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur are considered of importance by all Jews, both orthodox and liberal, and are observed as days of preparation i for the Day of Atonement, which i is considered the most sacred day in i the calendar. Special Service In the ushering in of the New j Year at Ohev Sholom synagogue in ] North Second street, last evening, I Rabbi Louis Haas preached a strong [Continued on Page 9.] Bomb Kills Three and Injures Four When House Is Blown to Pieces By Associated Press Batavia, N. Y., Sept. 25. —A bomb] killed three persons, injured four' and wrecked the two-story dwelling j of Carlo Trimarchi here early to-! day. Trimarchi, a restaurant keeper, had recently received three threatening letters. The dead are Joseph Battagli, his wife and two-year-old son. Trimar chi. his wife and two small sons, were injured. The Battagli family lived upstairs and the Trimarchi family downstairs. The house was literally blown to pieces. The rear end of the house next door was wrecked and windows in the vicinity were shattered. The neighbors claim that they heard two revolver shots. A man was seen running away from the scene shortly after the shots were heard. 81k J&ac-Jn&epen&fM. TREATY ISSUE CLEARLY DRAWN, WILSON SAYS Question Squarely Facing the Nation Is Whether U. S. Would Keep Pledges Denver, Sept. 25. Declaring the , issue in the Peace Treaty discussion ■at last had been "clearly drawn," j President said in an address here to-day that the question ' squarely facing the nation was whether the United States would keep its pledges to help guaiantee | the peace of the world. Cheyenne, Wyo., Sept. 25. —Read- ing again the proposed Senate res ! creation to article ten of the League | Covenant President Wilson declared [in an address here to-day that should any such reservation be adopted he would "be obliged as chief executive to regard it as a re jection of tne Treaty." The President added that reject ion of the Treaty would mean nego tiation of a separate peace with Germany, and asserted that such a negotiation could not change a single item of the peace settlement. Recalling Japan's promise to re turn to China all sovereign rights in Shantung, the President said the only thing retained by the Tokio government would be economic rights Ruch As other pations hold. He said the United States had no right to doubt that promise. He i characterised as "empty noise" the I professions of friendship for China made by those who want the Treaty to fail. Turning to the League Covenant, the President said the question of whether the heart of the League Covenant was to be cut out soon must come to a "show down." It I would mean the vitiation of the i whole plan, he asserted, if the na- j tlon were to adopt reservations to i article ten as proposed in the Sen ate. One by one, said he, the other ob- i Jectlons to the Covenant had been ' disposed of. To all "candid minds," i he asserted, it now was apparent that the Monroe doctrine was fully protected, that there was no super government set up and that no dan ger was to be feared from the "speaking parts," given to the Brit ish dominions in the League as sembly. The withdrawal objections, he added, was another "bugaboo" that had been dispelled. Thus, continued Air. Wilson, the whole discussion had settled down upon article ten. under which the j members agree to preserve one an other's territorial Integrity against aggression. He declared this cut at the "tap root of war" because near ly all wars started from aggressions against those unable to defend them selves. !WAR CAMP WORK TO BE STOPPED SEPTEMBER 30 | Community Service' Which | Did Much For Soldiers and Civilians Comes to End The work of War Camp Com munity Service, which has been go ; ing on in Harrisburg since Decem i ber 16, 1918, will come to an end here September 30, it was announced to-day by C. H. Jackson, the na tional W. C. C. S. representative in this locality. William Jennings has been the chairman, and W. Grant Rauch, the treasurer of the local committee, and much of the success of the work has been due to the co operation of these gentlemen. The activities of the national organiza tion are being cut down everywhere with the passing of the emergency which led to the organization of the hospitality of Harrisburg and more than 600 other American communi ties on behalf of the soldiers, sailors and marines, under the auspices of i War Camp Community Service. This place has been one of the centers of actf.ity for War Camp Community Service since the local committee was formed to carry on [Continued oil Page 7.] Government Food Arrives, but Not Enough to Start Deliveries to Local Buyers The postmaster announced to- j day that several shipments of sur plus food had been received, but not a sufficient quantity to start de liveries. It Is expected that by the end of the week the most of the j orders will have been received, thus : making it possible to begin deliv- ) eries. After to-day no further or ders will be taken. The delay in receiving this food Is due to the congestion in the War : Department's zone office as a result of so many orders being received, the post office says, but it is hoped that the matter will be satisfac torily adjusted within the next- few days. The Post Office Department is ready to fulfill its part of the con tract Just as soon as the goods are received from the zone supply office at Philadelphia. The demand has been heavy for certain articles and it is possible that money will have to be refunded in some instances due to this fact. The zone supply officer has assured the postmaster, however, that his orders will be filled In so far as It Is possible to do so. Every effort is being made to get the largest possible for this city. DOCTORS INVITE PUBLIC TO HEAR FLU DISCUSSION Prominent Physicians Sug- : gesting Better Means of Combating Epidemic I MOVIES ARE BEING USED Sparing No Effort to Acquaint People With Forms of Dread Malady The general public is invited to attend the two closing meetings of the State Medical Society, which will be of interest to everyone. The first one is being held this afternoon at the Penn-Harris, beginning at 2 o'clock, and the second one will be gin this evening in the same place I at .8 o'clock. The meeting this afternoon was devoted to a discussion of the tiu epidemic, and included various ways of combatting it. Some of the best known physicians in this part of the country will discuss the question, and offer their methods of treat ment. Members of the Civic Club and all who are interested at all in the practice of medicine will be present. Dr. T. Casper Gilchrist, of the Johns Hopkins University in Balti more, will be one of the speakers at this meeting. Moving pictures will illustrate parts of the addresses. Other speakers will be Thomas G. Simonton, Lawrence Litchfield and -Evan William Meredith, all of Pittsburgh; Prank F. D. Record, of Harrisburg, associate chief at the base hospital in Camp Devens, and among those discussing the papers will be Major George R. Mottitt, of this city. To Show First Aid This evening at 8 o'clock in the ballroom of tne Penn-Harris there will be a practical demonstration of first aid work by the team of the Be 11 Telephone Company in this city. Major M. J. Shields, tield rep resentative of the American Red Cro6s; Francis D. Patterson, Harris burg. and others will speak. Meetings this morning included the Section on Medicine, which met with the Section in Surgery in the ballroom of the Penn-Harris at 'J o'clock; the Section on Eye, liar, Nose and Throat diseases in the Sen ate Caucus room; and the Section on Pedriatics in Parlor C of the hotel. The meeting in the ballroom this morning was a symposium on dis eases of the gastro-intcstinal tract. The opening address was made by David Riesman. of Philadelphia, who spoke on the diagnosis of cholecys titis and gallstone. He was follow ed by Dr. Henry K. Pancoast, Phila- [Continued on Page 2.] Operators and Miners' Representatives Seek to Avert Strike Nov. 1 By Associated Press• Buffalo, N. Y., Sept. 25.—With a j general strike of soft coal miners in ; the United States set tentatively for i November 1, operators and repre sentatives of the men met here to ! day in an effort to avert it by reach | ing an agreement on questions of 1 wages, working hours and working j conditions. The report of the scale committee, , presented at the meeting of the United Mine Workers of America at Cleveland this week, includes de mands for a flat increase in wages of sixty per cent, a six-hour day, five days a week, with time and a-half I for overtime and double time for all l work on Sundays and holidays. Any agreement reached at the j scale conference here must be sub mitted for ratification to an ad- I journed meeting of the United Mine | Workers' convention at Indianapolis. Man Is Acquitted of Killing Man He Saw Kissing His Wife Special to the Telegraph. Sunbury, September 25. Paul D. Bailey was this afternoon acquitted on a charge of murder. The Jury was out one hour and fifteen min utes, and and when f he verdict was announced there were wild scenes it: the court room, prolonged cheers being given the defendant. The ver dict was brought in at 1.20 this af ternoon. Baily was charged with shooting William Sassaman on May 30 last. Bailey testified that when he re turned from work he met Sassaman and his wife, sitting on the front steps at the Bailey home. Sassaman, Bailey alleged had his arm around Mrs. Bailey's neck and was kissing her. The husband drew a revolver and shot Sassaman. . Memorial Bridge Bids to Be Let Next Week Thomas M. Templeton, superin tendent of Public Grounds and Building announced to-day that the bids for the new Memorial Bridge at State street would be let Monday or Tuesday and that work would be started thereafter as soon as pos sible. FIRE SWEEPS PLANT By Associated Press. Pittsburgh, Pa., Sept. 25.—Four storage buildings, a pattern shop and five tank cars of gasoline were ] destroyed in a fire at 'the plant of the Pittsburgh Model Engine Com pany, at Homewood, near here, this morning. The loss is estimated at $200,000. The fire followed the explosion of a car of gasoline from an undetermined cause. Two alarms were turned in. HONOR TO HEROIC DEAD THE committee arranging for the welcome home to-day urged Harrlsburgers to send in the names of the Harrisburs men who died in service during the World War. It now has 115 of these names, and at the me morial services, Sunday after noon, will award posthumous medais of honor to the families of the men. Without the name of every man, and the address of his survivors, the ceremony will fail to honor a'l of Harrisburg's heroic dead. To-day -the com mittee called upon every Harris burger to send or bring to the Chamber of Commerce otfioes the names of the dead heroes, if they have not yet been registered. MEDALS FOR MEN DIED IN WAR TO BE GIVEN BY CITY Impressive Service to Be Held For Heroes Sunday Afternoon Posthumous medals will be award ed to the families of more than 100 Harrisburg boys who died in service during the war, at the open air memorial service and welcome home demonstration on the Island next Sunday afternoon, as a part of the welcome home observances in honor of the veterans, nurses and welfare workers of the Harrisburg district. The committee has the names of 115 of those dead heroes, and will notify their families that medals will be awarded to one member from each family. Sunday afternoon. A memorial address will be made by the Rev. Henry W. A. Hanson, fol lowed by the lowering of the flag, sounding of taps by buglers, and the singing of an appropriate selec tion by a double quartet. Send in Names In order that every man who died during the war might be fittingly commemorated in the program, Harrlsburgers are urged once again, [Continued on Page 7.] | I! x **• * ' v ? ♦* $ '* •? ♦*-! <* *> € * i i ' * * e * <* * ^ ' y # i* ?& t® o £> * i * I ■ ! ;: * !*• * * * * tt * > * * I ":V: ! ► 4 > t ''he steamer Rosalind .of the Rer , | * * • MARRIAGE LICENSES *; t, . William E. Pol lienor, Pen brook, and Ruth E. Evana. HalnlnntX John 1. I'almrr and Vernn E. Sultxliaiigh, Ellxabethrllle; Autunt U.T Hubrr, Altoona. and Sarah R. Intra. Jnnlata Count); Jamoa K. Aufiitw' K and Clara E. Chrlafman, Allenttwni Alylea E. liookry. \o Cumber- J. land, and Pearl E. I.avert), Euola. T ASSERT BROWN MADETHREATS AGAINST THEM Five Witnesses in Murder Trial Declare Their Lives Were Threatened ALL TELL SAME STORY 'Nubs' Wilson and 'Spotball' Brume Tell of Events Lead ing Up to the Tragedy Declaring that Lawrence Brown, colored, on trial on a charge of murdering S. Wolfe Lacob, a Steclton grocer, on the evening of January 24, had threatened their lives if they did not say that it was Love Wilson, also colored, who shot tho merchant, five witnesses to-day fixed the homi cide on Brown. All of then, declared In court this morning before Judge C. V. Henry', that the night before the murder U-owi , Wilson and anothe- colored man Fred Brume, alias "Spotball'* had planned to rob Lacob. On Fri day night, the witnesses declare that Wilson came for Brown, and that after the shooting Brown came back and said that he was in tou- I ble and had shot Lacob. | The witnesses, all of whom resid ed at 353 South Fourth street at the I time, the same place that Brown bad J a room, ran! lha* be threatened 'bom land told them to s v taut v v: v n had done the shooting so that lie would not be convicted. Added to their testimony was the evidence given by Theodore Martin, the youth who was with Wilson and Brown on the night that Lacob was shot. Martin was told when he took the stand that any testimony he would give could be used against him when he is on trial for murder in the same case, hut Martin said 1 he wanted to testify. Start For Crap (iamc Martin's statement follows: "I met "Xubs" IVilson and "Little" Brown on that evening just about 15 yards from Riley Brown's house at 353 South Fourth street. They said 'let's go up on Ridge street to a crap game.' We started for there and when we got to the store they said they wanted some cheese and Nubs first gave some money [Continued on Page 5.]