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Scientific Discussions by Garrett P. Serviss Reading an Interesting paper by Ma jor George A. Soper, of the Sanitary Corps, U. S. A., on the lessons of the great pandemic of Influenza, I am par ticularly Impressed by the thought, which comes to me In pondering his description of the manner in which the plague spread itself, that while the air is the medium whereby Immediate conveyance of infection from the ill to the well was, and is, most readily ef fected, yet that same medium may serve, with wonderful efficiency, to protect us all against every kind of floating disease germ. No doubt the sunbeams (I do not confine that term simply to the solar light and heat), are the active agents in the destruction of noxious germs, but it is the air that carries the of fenders to the place of execution. The volume of the atmosphere is relatively so vast that even the countless billions of germs rising out of the streets, al leys and crowded tenements of a pop ulous city are scattered, and their mass is diluted to such a degree that the BOlar radiations envelop ard trans fix them individually on every side. Then, too, the air by means of its incessant and omnipresent currents rapidly sweeps up the germs and car ries them away, dispersing thein as smoke is borne aloft and disp.vled. So, even without regard to the infinitesi mal Javelins of the sun, germ hosts are deprived of "shock" power by the air f Mother! IVatck Child's Tongue! "California Syrup of Figs" For a Child's Liver and Bowels Mother! Say "California," then you will jet genuine "California Syrup of Figs." Full directions for babies and children of all ages who are constipated, bilious, feverish, tongue coated, or full of cold, arc plainly printed on the bottle. Children love this delicious laxative. Foresight— Good as Hindsight YES, if one's foresight was as good as their hindsight—say! wouldn't you be a lot better off? For one thing, you would have well sea soned, strong lumber in your home and not cheap, "sappy" material that "shrunk," leaving unsightly cracks in walls and ceil ings. Lots of people buy lumber from us — They've learned. We are careful of our reputation as lumber merchants. You get good stuff from our yard. United Ice & Coal Co. Lumber Department Forster and Cowden Sts. | • == n The Policy Is YOUR llllP j Protection\" ' It was for YOUR Protection that we inaugurated the Optical Insurance Policy. Its success was assured from the very outset. This is what the Policy really is: It is Your Written Protection Against Lens-Breakage and Against Change of Vision For One Year. Nowhere else can you get such a guarantee. The frames with light or dark-colored Shell-ette Rims, are • very fashionable, yet unusually strongly made. The lenses we use are only of first quality and fitted with all the care and precision of thirteen years* practice. Daring onr Fifth Anniversary we offer J, . _ you Kylo ilnrk or light colored She'l-ette Cj M P(1 rlinsi flat lenses, fitted with 1-10-12 knrat JH "jII Gold-fMled flnger-plece mountings or spec- T /H tarle frames. No holes to weaken lenses. - I.ennes Insured against breakage and your protection against Change of Vision for One Year, for Only , (This price In ————l-—-- eludes examlna- Specially low prices during our tlon for which Fifth Anniversary Monti, are cr- , h e P c is usually a fcctlve on Bifocal, Prescription charge of M > and Toric Lenses. J. S. BELSINGER Opticians Optometrists 30 North Third Street Penn-Harris Hotel Building . THURSDAY EVENING, alone, and entering the healthy bodi ce a handful of disorganized troopers they have heedlessly rushed Into the Intricate defenses of a full-manned citadel, they ore dispatched with ease by the body's Internal defenders. it Is quite possible that there wau'd he no epidemics >' respiratory dis eases, which are the most dangerous and the most difficult to control of all that afflict mankind, If men and wo men would give the atmosphere a fair chance to exercise its protective Influ ences. But this is prevented, first, by our over-crowding, and, second, by our general indifference to personal meth ods of protection, which, when they are properly used, benefit others as wcil an the users. The person who coughs and sneezes in the presence of others without any effort to prevent the distribution of the effluvia throughout a limited or con fined volume of air must be taught that he is his own enemy as well as an enemy of the public. He is potentially such an enemy even though he may not be ill, for many persons carry infec tious germs to which they have be come immune, while the same germs are virulent to others. A few simple calculations show what the air can or cannot be expected to do in guarding us against floating disease g< rms emanating from members of orr own animal species. Take a large room, such as the auditorium of a hall or theater. If we assume its lineal dimensions to be, In feet, 100x40x60, we get 240,000 cubic feet as its con tent of air. Now, how long would It take a Blngle person, of average lung capacity, to pass through ids respiratory system the whole of that breath to be com posed entirely of fresh air and no ad ditional supply to be introduced into the room? To answer the question we must know the quantity of air parsed through the lungs in a given lime - say, one minute. Estimates of this quantity vary, but perhaps us good as one as any puis it at one-quurter of a cubic fool per minute, the person being supposed to sit quietly making no muscular exer tion. With great muscular activity the quantity increases rapidly, becoming, it is said, from six to eight times greater in such cases than when the breather i emuins inactive. Simple division shows that a single person sitting quietly in a room of the dimensions mentioned above would, under the conditions given, require 666 days to breathe the whole of the a.r. Two thousand persons, inhaling and exhaling 500 cubic feet of air per rn'n ute, would require only eight hours, i'ut if the 2,000 were an excited, vio lently gesticulating and struggling mob they might pass the entire body of air through their lungs in one hour. Take next the case of a street err or subway car. Suppose the air space to be 2,100 cubic feet, with no ventila tion. Sixty passengers, sitting quiet and breathing fifteen cubic feet per minute, would require 140 minutes to pass the whole quantity through their lungs. Let them fight and crowd and lurch, as such unfortunates often do, and the time might be reduced to seventeen or eighteen minutes. These facts assume an apparently more menacing aspect when we put the figures in the form of percentages. Thus, in the last case, about 6 per cent of the air would be infected—if we may call It Infection—in a single minute. In the more favorable case of the 2,000 quiet occupants of the room of 240,000 cubic feet capacity, the per cent of infection in one minute would be one-flfth of 1 per cent, but in one hour it would become more than 12 per cent. Another thing to be considered is that in actual practice the breathed air would not distribute itself evenly through the enclosed space, and that part nearest the level of the sitters' or passengers' heads would often be im mediately rebreathed, though seldom by the original breather. There are many other conditions and limitations that we have no space to consider, but enough has been said to show what we owe to one another in the way of helping the atmosphere exercise its purifying powers. Young Officers Win High Rank During War One outstanding feature of America's record in the war was the achievement of the young men in her army. There were 2,62 Briga dier Generals promoted from the regular service. Their average age was 45 years. One hundred and fifty-three had not reached their iifty-first birthday. Twenty-one were under 41 years of age. Those who had not x-eached their forty- iirst year when promoted to Gen eral rank were: 34 years: Hodges, John N.; 35 years: Olassford, Pel ham, D.; McNair, Lesley J., 37 years: Johnson, Hugh S.; Rose, William H., 38 years: Allin, Georgo R.; Browne, Beverly F., Blakeley, Charles S.; Bryden, William; Fou lois, Benjamin D.; Mac Arthur, Douglas; 39 years: Danford, Rob ert M„ Drum, Hugh A.; Hines, Frant T.; Marshal, Richard C. S.; Mitchell, William; Wood, Robert E., 40 years: Briggs, Raymond W.; Churchill, Marlborough; De Ar mond, Edward H., Ennls, William P. The records of these twenty-one officers show that Napoleon's state ment that "every soldier of France carried a Field Marshal's baton in his knapsack" might well be para phrased for our service, and that a General's star awaits the American soldier who demonstrates his right to wear it. Men who went through West Point, men commissioned from civilian life, and soldiers who began as privates are among the "youngest twenty-one." Of special interest to us are the Native Sons who are in this list of the "young est twenty-one." The most youth ful of these is General Rose, a na tive of Pennsylvania. He was a classmate of General Johnson at West Point. On his graduation in June, 1903, he was commissioned a Second-Lieutenant in the Engineer Corps, and a year and a month later he was made First Lieutenant. In 1911 he was promoted to Cap tain's rank, his Majority following in five years. lie was in the Cuban pacification campaign and also saw service in the Philippine Islands as well as in the United States. He was graduated from the Engineer School in 1907 and retained for a tour of duty as an instructor. In August, 1917. he was advanced to the rank of Lieutenant Colonel, and in four months promoted to a Colonelcy. His work with the A. E. F. in that rank was of such qualty that he was awarded the D. S. M., and shortly before the armis tice was signed was promoted to the rank of Brigadier General. Generals Blakely, another native of Pennsylvania, and William Bry den of Connecticut were graduated from the Military Academy at West Point in the same class with Gen orals Glassford, McNair, and Allin. The, too, were commissioned as Second Lieutennnts in the Artillery Corps and transferred with their classmates to the Field Artillery. The record of their service and pro motion and their work overseas parallels that of the other members of the 1904 class. General Briggs was born in Pennsylvania and rose to his high command from the rank of 'the army. He enlisted originally in the Hospital Corps In 1898. When in 1900 he apnlled for examination for a commission, he was a doughbov in the 4th infantry. Aug. 31, 1900, saw his status changed from en listed man to Second Lieutenant of Infantry, and he served with the 25th Regiment until 1901 when he was transferred to the Artillery Corps Tn July. 1901. he was ad vanced to be First Lieutenant and early in 1907 he received his Cap taincy. Later in this year he was transferred to the field artillery. He served a detail with the Quar termaster Corps. He saw service In the Philippine campaign in 1901 and on his return to the United States entered the Mounted Service School at Fort Rile. Pie was a Major of Field Artillery in May, 1917. and fifteen months later a brigade commander. An outstand ing fact is that of the twenty-one Generals, about one-fifth rose from the ranks. Four entered the ser vice in enlisted grades: three were commissioned from civil life: four teen are graduates from West Point. rSKD TO POSTPOXEMKNTS [From Louisville Courier-Journal] "Then you like working for a judge?" "You bet." "Doesn't he kick when you put things off?" "Naw. he puts off half his own work every day." MKMinTH, r>ATT,K annTTlO** The Suburb Unparalleled.—Adv. HARRISBT7EG TELEGRAPH! Bloomsburg Alumni to Hold Annual Banquet The ninth annual banquet of alumni of the Bloomsburg- State Normal school will be held in the Penn-llarris Hotel Monday evening at 7 o'clock. Members from Dau phin and nearby counties will at tend. Requests for reservations should be made to the officers of the association. H. L. Dennis, Camp Hill, is president. COUNT COST SI,01 j To make the official count of the ! primary vote cost the county *l,- 014. Thirteen clerks were employed I ed for twelve days, each receiving J sti.so a day. THE AIR WAS ROUGH [Everybody's Magazine! [ A naval aviation cadet at Miami, | Fla„ was assigned to a seaplane with I orders to stay in the air for an hour. ! After a flight of thirty minutes j the cadet landed and taxied onto the beach. The division commander, with fire in his eye, descended uon the luck less student. "What's the matter with you?" he demanded. "I told you to stay out an hour. You've been gone half that time." "Realty, sir," relied the student, "the air is awful rough. I never saw anything like it! Why, I looked up the road towad Miami, and it was full of blackbirds walking into town!" MEMORIAL PARK ADDITION The Suburb Unparalleled.—Adv. I . d I - I Prepare The Home For 1 t f Brighten The Home A Carload of Cedar With A New Lamp Chests ggggg Every new design that We pHpecially during the Christmas I considered choice enough to be months, and therefore, we urge li v /*",—. ■—■SKM f;1 tVgfll I put into our collection is shown in this vast assortment. of genuine Tennessee Red Cedar __ hSI " 1 linished in rich natural color |o <z> o <~> o <_s o n ® ! ~ i rubbed and polished. The cab- I rOr L*as AnCI Inet work ttirough"^^ s j .**Th ® ul Floor Lamp $23.50 Cedar Chest $15.50 of the big leading values we are ihis chest is 37 inches long, has ample room for RpgiH 1 those who are selecting their average wardrobe, is plain in design and will be suit igglLi Large mahogany standard equip- able for any bedroom or den. vl|!6lE| rich tones. Cedar Chest for $23 I I Table Lamps $8.50 j g a j ar g er s ; ze chest in the (JJolonial .design jßj3Sijj with Massive Colonial pilasters in front. The chest |Wlhfl| rich showing of these metal table j s 42 inches long. ' ar finishes arc represented. The shades are in T L- T I" 1 !* * art glass in various tones and shapes. I rUIIK lOp VllCSt s>3U Dining Room Domes sls This chest is 42 inches long, of genuine Tennessee Red Cedar and diunc Is the appropriate lighting equipment for the dining room. It the lid is fitted like a trunk, spreads the rays of light over the table and adorns the room as. well. These I are In a variety of new shapes with amber and other colored art glass in frames of various metal finishes. Equipped for gas or electricity. ' _ „ , . Heirloom Chest $33 Parlor Lamps S3O | I .urge size mahogany standard lamp for library, parlor or living room tuble This is a massive chest, one of the largest In our line. It is 48 inches long with magnificent shades of silk in the most attractive colors, equipped for . . I two lights. Complete with shade and standard S3O. and 24 inches wide and very deep. This chest will store a great quantity of _ . T-iw articles and clothing. Luxurious Parlor Lamp SB4 This is one of the most exclusively lamps'. The shade .s in " A deposit uill hold any cedar chest until you are ready Polychrome metal finish and the shade is made of silk with a double fringe. . r •. delivered for O reasonable length of time. The complete outfit SB4. lu ***- ' at | j I I "j Fireless Cooker ' j( f/V/lap a Range is in its simple and plain lines which can I>L SAX ''yMjtt be easily cleaned and has no frills which will MMIM he hard to keep in order. The Chef Fireless Cooker ob- If It is equipped with a large oven which can tains results. The food roasted, /& * or coa ' or as heatin g- to P ' s * n " baked, steamed, stewed or boil stalled with six lids for coal burning and three ed is so much more delicious, ''•UnntmlmPx' burners for gas. healthful and nutritious than 1 . _ _ the food cooked in an ordinary The Burns' Energy Range $39 Burns' Park Oak Heater $16.50 cook stove that the Chef Fire- less Cooker has become a big A neat range in plain design suitable for A single oak heater for a medium size feature in the modern home. It the average family. A splendid cooker and Just the thing for a small family. also saves fuel and does away baker. • nuuoc. J u - 1 J with the drudgery of the ordi- Pipe and pipe shelf extra. Can be purchased on the club plan. nary way of cooking. I Easy Payments OQ M C* jQuality I I !"""L h'T,"" Arranged Wf Highest Presidential Boom Behind Palmer's Junket, Washington Experts Say Washington, Oct. 9. —A. Mitchell | Palmer, attorney general, expects soon to take a "swing around the circle" in the interest of the gov ernment's fight on the high cost of living, and, incidentally, political experts in Washington believe, pre pare the way for the launching of a j Palmer boom for the Democratic i presidential nomination. The Attorney General announced that he will visit the principal cities of twenty states. The purpose of the trip, Mr. Palmer explained, is to ; obtain, thrtrugh conference with j fair price committees and mayors jof the various cities, lirst hand i knowledge of the progress of the campaign for price reductions being conducted by the Department of Justice. Urge Government Control of Sugar ! Washington, Oct. 9.—Federal con ' trol of commerce in sugar until De ! cember 31, 1920, to prevent increased J prices to consumers, it proposed in a bill sent to the Senate Committee investigating the sugar situation by W. A. Glasgow, counsel for the Food Administration. The commit tee plans to report the bill soon. Under the measure import and ex port embargoes could be proclaimed by the President and the sugar equalization board would be author ized to buy the 1920 Cuban crop. A license system for sugar dealers is proposed and those violating regu-1 lutions of the equalization board would be subject to *5,000 fine and two years Imprisonment. CAUGHT U,NDER BRICKS With his body badly burned and with severe scalp lacerations, Mi chael Poeth, of Enhaut, is in the Harrisburg Hospital. The accident happened last night when a hot brick furnace at the Bethlehem Steel Company caved in and caught him. Poeth, a bricklayer, was aid ing in repairing the furnace at the time of the accident. iUse McNeil's Pain Exterminator—Ad No 'elie'id c mn of i Rheumatum, Gcu< and Lumiigo | ii Munyon'i Rneum* :im Remedy, j Try It ma tr.en (yd good-bye to | crutchei, canee nd paini ltdoeiool I put the dneaie tc lieep, but drivei It from the ij-iiem. Relieve* pain in from one to three hourt. Price, 30c a bottle. Send for Diet ar.d Care Chart. Munyon't Laboratories, 54th and Columbia Ate., Phila OCTOBER 9, 1919. Danger of Personal Bonds At a recent meeting of the which included the follow understgned Association, an ing warning on the subject important paper was read, of personal surety. In the matter of Judicial business development, how many have every noted in the office of the clerk of the Probate Court the names of personal sureties; the cases where used, and then pointed out —by letter or otherwise— First—To the principal how he foolishly endangers his freedom by asking his friends to bind their separate estate# in a surety capacity—foolishly, (a) because of the uncer tain reciprocal obligation incurred, and (b) because of the Act of Assembly called the Fiduciaries Act in our State, justifying the employment of corporate surety, and the payment of necessary premiums from the funds of the es tate; Second —To the sureties—how they have to an uncertain extent mortgaged their future and perhaps that of their survivors, and Third—To the attorney in such cases that the free and expert co-operation of surety corporation officers is lost; and an invitation unconsciously established to have heirs or other distributees in case of consequent irregularities reflect upon his advice or lack of advice. Surety Underwriters Association of Harrisburg, Pa.