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Harrisburg telegraph. [volume] (Harrisburg, Pa.) 1879-1948, October 09, 1919, Image 6

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Scientific Discussions
by Garrett P. Serviss
Reading an Interesting paper by Ma
jor George A. Soper, of the Sanitary
Corps, U. S. A., on the lessons of the
great pandemic of Influenza, I am par
ticularly Impressed by the thought,
which comes to me In pondering his
description of the manner in which the
plague spread itself, that while the
air is the medium whereby Immediate
conveyance of infection from the ill to
the well was, and is, most readily ef
fected, yet that same medium may
serve, with wonderful efficiency, to
protect us all against every kind of
floating disease germ.
No doubt the sunbeams (I do not
confine that term simply to the solar
light and heat), are the active agents
in the destruction of noxious germs,
but it is the air that carries the of
fenders to the place of execution. The
volume of the atmosphere is relatively
so vast that even the countless billions
of germs rising out of the streets, al
leys and crowded tenements of a pop
ulous city are scattered, and their
mass is diluted to such a degree that
the BOlar radiations envelop ard trans
fix them individually on every side.
Then, too, the air by means of its
incessant and omnipresent currents
rapidly sweeps up the germs and car
ries them away, dispersing thein as
smoke is borne aloft and disp.vled. So,
even without regard to the infinitesi
mal Javelins of the sun, germ hosts are
deprived of "shock" power by the air
f Mother! IVatck
Child's Tongue!
"California Syrup of Figs"
For a Child's Liver and Bowels
Mother! Say "California," then you will
jet genuine "California Syrup of Figs." Full
directions for babies and children of all ages
who are constipated, bilious, feverish, tongue
coated, or full of cold, arc plainly printed on
the bottle. Children love this delicious laxative.
Good as Hindsight
YES, if one's foresight was as good as
their hindsight—say! wouldn't you be
a lot better off?
For one thing, you would have well sea
soned, strong lumber in your home and not
cheap, "sappy" material that "shrunk,"
leaving unsightly cracks in walls and ceil
Lots of people buy lumber from us —
They've learned. We are careful of our
reputation as lumber merchants. You
get good stuff from our yard.
United Ice & Coal Co.
Lumber Department
Forster and Cowden Sts.
| • == n
The Policy
Is YOUR llllP j
Protection\" '
It was for YOUR Protection that we inaugurated the
Optical Insurance Policy. Its success was assured from
the very outset.
This is what the Policy really is: It is Your Written
Protection Against Lens-Breakage and Against Change of
Vision For One Year.
Nowhere else can you get such a guarantee. The
frames with light or dark-colored Shell-ette Rims, are
• very fashionable, yet unusually strongly made. The
lenses we use are only of first quality and fitted with all
the care and precision of thirteen years* practice.
Daring onr Fifth Anniversary we offer J, . _
you Kylo ilnrk or light colored She'l-ette Cj M P(1
rlinsi flat lenses, fitted with 1-10-12 knrat JH "jII
Gold-fMled flnger-plece mountings or spec- T /H
tarle frames. No holes to weaken lenses. -
I.ennes Insured against breakage and
your protection against Change of Vision
for One Year, for Only
, (This price In
————l-—-- eludes examlna-
Specially low prices during our tlon for which
Fifth Anniversary Monti, are cr- , h e P c is usually a
fcctlve on Bifocal, Prescription charge of M >
and Toric Lenses.
Opticians Optometrists
30 North Third Street
Penn-Harris Hotel Building
alone, and entering the healthy bodi
ce a handful of disorganized troopers
they have heedlessly rushed Into the
Intricate defenses of a full-manned
citadel, they ore dispatched with ease
by the body's Internal defenders.
it Is quite possible that there wau'd
he no epidemics >' respiratory dis
eases, which are the most dangerous
and the most difficult to control of all
that afflict mankind, If men and wo
men would give the atmosphere a fair
chance to exercise its protective Influ
ences. But this is prevented, first, by
our over-crowding, and, second, by our
general indifference to personal meth
ods of protection, which, when they are
properly used, benefit others as wcil
an the users.
The person who coughs and sneezes
in the presence of others without any
effort to prevent the distribution of the
effluvia throughout a limited or con
fined volume of air must be taught that
he is his own enemy as well as an
enemy of the public. He is potentially
such an enemy even though he may not
be ill, for many persons carry infec
tious germs to which they have be
come immune, while the same germs
are virulent to others.
A few simple calculations show what
the air can or cannot be expected to do
in guarding us against floating disease
g< rms emanating from members of orr
own animal species. Take a large
room, such as the auditorium of a
hall or theater. If we assume its lineal
dimensions to be, In feet, 100x40x60,
we get 240,000 cubic feet as its con
tent of air.
Now, how long would It take a Blngle
person, of average lung capacity, to
pass through ids respiratory system
the whole of that breath to be com
posed entirely of fresh air and no ad
ditional supply to be introduced into
the room? To answer the question we
must know the quantity of air parsed
through the lungs in a given lime -
say, one minute.
Estimates of this quantity vary, but
perhaps us good as one as any puis
it at one-quurter of a cubic fool per
minute, the person being supposed to
sit quietly making no muscular exer
tion. With great muscular activity the
quantity increases rapidly, becoming, it
is said, from six to eight times greater
in such cases than when the breather
i emuins inactive.
Simple division shows that a single
person sitting quietly in a room of the
dimensions mentioned above would,
under the conditions given, require 666
days to breathe the whole of the a.r.
Two thousand persons, inhaling and
exhaling 500 cubic feet of air per rn'n
ute, would require only eight hours,
i'ut if the 2,000 were an excited, vio
lently gesticulating and struggling mob
they might pass the entire body of
air through their lungs in one hour.
Take next the case of a street err
or subway car. Suppose the air space
to be 2,100 cubic feet, with no ventila
tion. Sixty passengers, sitting quiet
and breathing fifteen cubic feet per
minute, would require 140 minutes to
pass the whole quantity through their
lungs. Let them fight and crowd and
lurch, as such unfortunates often do,
and the time might be reduced to
seventeen or eighteen minutes.
These facts assume an apparently
more menacing aspect when we put the
figures in the form of percentages.
Thus, in the last case, about 6 per
cent of the air would be infected—if
we may call It Infection—in a single
In the more favorable case of the
2,000 quiet occupants of the room of
240,000 cubic feet capacity, the per
cent of infection in one minute would
be one-flfth of 1 per cent, but in one
hour it would become more than 12
per cent.
Another thing to be considered is
that in actual practice the breathed
air would not distribute itself evenly
through the enclosed space, and that
part nearest the level of the sitters' or
passengers' heads would often be im
mediately rebreathed, though seldom
by the original breather. There are
many other conditions and limitations
that we have no space to consider,
but enough has been said to show what
we owe to one another in the way of
helping the atmosphere exercise its
purifying powers.
Young Officers Win
High Rank During War
One outstanding feature of
America's record in the war was the
achievement of the young men in
her army. There were 2,62 Briga
dier Generals promoted from the
regular service. Their average age
was 45 years. One hundred and
fifty-three had not reached their
iifty-first birthday. Twenty-one
were under 41 years of age. Those
who had not x-eached their forty-
iirst year when promoted to Gen
eral rank were: 34 years: Hodges,
John N.; 35 years: Olassford, Pel
ham, D.; McNair, Lesley J., 37
years: Johnson, Hugh S.; Rose,
William H., 38 years: Allin, Georgo
R.; Browne, Beverly F., Blakeley,
Charles S.; Bryden, William; Fou
lois, Benjamin D.; Mac Arthur,
Douglas; 39 years: Danford, Rob
ert M„ Drum, Hugh A.; Hines,
Frant T.; Marshal, Richard C. S.;
Mitchell, William; Wood, Robert E.,
40 years: Briggs, Raymond W.;
Churchill, Marlborough; De Ar
mond, Edward H., Ennls, William
The records of these twenty-one
officers show that Napoleon's state
ment that "every soldier of France
carried a Field Marshal's baton in
his knapsack" might well be para
phrased for our service, and that a
General's star awaits the American
soldier who demonstrates his right
to wear it. Men who went through
West Point, men commissioned
from civilian life, and soldiers who
began as privates are among the
"youngest twenty-one." Of special
interest to us are the Native Sons
who are in this list of the "young
est twenty-one." The most youth
ful of these is General Rose, a na
tive of Pennsylvania. He was a
classmate of General Johnson at
West Point. On his graduation in
June, 1903, he was commissioned a
Second-Lieutenant in the Engineer
Corps, and a year and a month
later he was made First Lieutenant.
In 1911 he was promoted to Cap
tain's rank, his Majority following
in five years. lie was in the Cuban
pacification campaign and also saw
service in the Philippine Islands as
well as in the United States. He
was graduated from the Engineer
School in 1907 and retained for a
tour of duty as an instructor. In
August, 1917. he was advanced to
the rank of Lieutenant Colonel, and
in four months promoted to a
Colonelcy. His work with the A.
E. F. in that rank was of such
qualty that he was awarded the D.
S. M., and shortly before the armis
tice was signed was promoted to
the rank of Brigadier General.
Generals Blakely, another native
of Pennsylvania, and William Bry
den of Connecticut were graduated
from the Military Academy at West
Point in the same class with Gen
orals Glassford, McNair, and Allin.
The, too, were commissioned as
Second Lieutennnts in the Artillery
Corps and transferred with their
classmates to the Field Artillery.
The record of their service and pro
motion and their work overseas
parallels that of the other members
of the 1904 class.
General Briggs was born in
Pennsylvania and rose to his high
command from the rank of 'the
army. He enlisted originally in the
Hospital Corps In 1898. When in
1900 he apnlled for examination for
a commission, he was a doughbov
in the 4th infantry. Aug. 31, 1900,
saw his status changed from en
listed man to Second Lieutenant of
Infantry, and he served with the
25th Regiment until 1901 when he
was transferred to the Artillery
Corps Tn July. 1901. he was ad
vanced to be First Lieutenant and
early in 1907 he received his Cap
taincy. Later in this year he was
transferred to the field artillery.
He served a detail with the Quar
termaster Corps. He saw service In
the Philippine campaign in 1901
and on his return to the United
States entered the Mounted Service
School at Fort Rile. Pie was a
Major of Field Artillery in May,
1917. and fifteen months later a
brigade commander. An outstand
ing fact is that of the twenty-one
Generals, about one-fifth rose from
the ranks. Four entered the ser
vice in enlisted grades: three were
commissioned from civil life: four
teen are graduates from West Point.
[From Louisville Courier-Journal]
"Then you like working for a
"You bet."
"Doesn't he kick when you put
things off?"
"Naw. he puts off half his own
work every day."
MKMinTH, r>ATT,K annTTlO**
The Suburb Unparalleled.—Adv.
Bloomsburg Alumni to
Hold Annual Banquet
The ninth annual banquet of
alumni of the Bloomsburg- State
Normal school will be held in the
Penn-llarris Hotel Monday evening
at 7 o'clock. Members from Dau
phin and nearby counties will at
tend. Requests for reservations
should be made to the officers of
the association. H. L. Dennis, Camp
Hill, is president.
j To make the official count of the
! primary vote cost the county *l,-
014. Thirteen clerks were employed
I ed for twelve days, each receiving
J sti.so a day.
[Everybody's Magazine!
[ A naval aviation cadet at Miami,
| Fla„ was assigned to a seaplane with
I orders to stay in the air for an hour.
! After a flight of thirty minutes
j the cadet landed and taxied onto
the beach.
The division commander, with fire
in his eye, descended uon the luck
less student. "What's the matter
with you?" he demanded. "I told
you to stay out an hour. You've
been gone half that time."
"Realty, sir," relied the student,
"the air is awful rough. I never
saw anything like it! Why, I looked
up the road towad Miami, and it
was full of blackbirds walking into
The Suburb Unparalleled.—Adv.
I . d
I - I
Prepare The Home For 1
f Brighten The Home A Carload of Cedar
With A New Lamp Chests ggggg
Every new design that We pHpecially during the Christmas I
considered choice enough to be months, and therefore, we urge li v /*",—. ■—■SKM f;1 tVgfll I
put into our collection is shown
in this vast assortment. of genuine Tennessee Red Cedar __ hSI " 1
linished in rich natural color |o <z> o <~> o <_s o n ® !
~ i rubbed and polished. The cab- I
rOr L*as AnCI Inet work ttirough"^^ s j .**Th ®
ul Floor Lamp $23.50 Cedar Chest $15.50
of the big leading values we are ihis chest is 37 inches long, has ample room for RpgiH 1
those who are selecting their average wardrobe, is plain in design and will be suit igglLi
Large mahogany standard equip- able for any bedroom or den. vl|!6lE|
rich tones. Cedar Chest for $23 I I
Table Lamps $8.50 j g a j ar g er s ; ze chest in the (JJolonial .design jßj3Sijj
with Massive Colonial pilasters in front. The chest |Wlhfl|
rich showing of these metal table j s 42 inches long.
' ar finishes arc represented. The shades are in T L- T I" 1 !* *
art glass in various tones and shapes. I rUIIK lOp VllCSt s>3U
Dining Room Domes sls This chest is 42 inches long, of genuine Tennessee Red Cedar and
diunc Is the appropriate lighting equipment for the dining room. It the lid is fitted like a trunk,
spreads the rays of light over the table and adorns the room as. well. These I
are In a variety of new shapes with amber and other colored art glass in frames
of various metal finishes. Equipped for gas or electricity. ' _
„ , . Heirloom Chest $33
Parlor Lamps S3O |
I .urge size mahogany standard lamp for library, parlor or living room tuble This is a massive chest, one of the largest In our line. It is 48 inches long
with magnificent shades of silk in the most attractive colors, equipped for . . I
two lights. Complete with shade and standard S3O. and 24 inches wide and very deep. This chest will store a great quantity of
_ . T-iw articles and clothing.
Luxurious Parlor Lamp SB4
This is one of the most exclusively lamps'. The shade .s in " A deposit uill hold any cedar chest until you are ready
Polychrome metal finish and the shade is made of silk with a double fringe. . r •. delivered for O reasonable length of time.
The complete outfit SB4. lu ***- ' at
| j I
I "j Fireless Cooker '
j( f/V/lap a Range is in its simple and plain lines which can I>L SAX
''yMjtt be easily cleaned and has no frills which will
MMIM he hard to keep in order. The Chef Fireless Cooker ob-
If It is equipped with a large oven which can tains results. The food roasted,
/& * or coa ' or as heatin g- to P ' s * n " baked, steamed, stewed or boil
stalled with six lids for coal burning and three ed is so much more delicious,
''•UnntmlmPx' burners for gas. healthful and nutritious than
1 . _ _ the food cooked in an ordinary
The Burns' Energy Range $39 Burns' Park Oak Heater $16.50 cook stove that the Chef Fire-
less Cooker has become a big
A neat range in plain design suitable for A single oak heater for a medium size feature in the modern home. It
the average family. A splendid cooker and Just the thing for a small family. also saves fuel and does away
baker. • nuuoc. J u - 1 J with the drudgery of the ordi-
Pipe and pipe shelf extra. Can be purchased on the club plan. nary way of cooking.
I Easy Payments OQ M C* jQuality I
I !"""L h'T,""
Arranged Wf Highest
Presidential Boom
Behind Palmer's Junket,
Washington Experts Say
Washington, Oct. 9. —A. Mitchell
| Palmer, attorney general, expects
soon to take a "swing around the
circle" in the interest of the gov
ernment's fight on the high cost
of living, and, incidentally, political
experts in Washington believe, pre
pare the way for the launching of a j
Palmer boom for the Democratic i
presidential nomination.
The Attorney General announced
that he will visit the principal cities
of twenty states. The purpose of
the trip, Mr. Palmer explained, is to
; obtain, thrtrugh conference with
j fair price committees and mayors
jof the various cities, lirst hand
i knowledge of the progress of the
campaign for price reductions being
conducted by the Department of
Urge Government
Control of Sugar
! Washington, Oct. 9.—Federal con
' trol of commerce in sugar until De
! cember 31, 1920, to prevent increased
J prices to consumers, it proposed in
a bill sent to the Senate Committee
investigating the sugar situation by
W. A. Glasgow, counsel for the
Food Administration. The commit
tee plans to report the bill soon.
Under the measure import and ex
port embargoes could be proclaimed
by the President and the sugar
equalization board would be author
ized to buy the 1920 Cuban crop.
A license system for sugar dealers
is proposed and those violating regu-1
lutions of the equalization board
would be subject to *5,000 fine and
two years Imprisonment.
With his body badly burned and
with severe scalp lacerations, Mi
chael Poeth, of Enhaut, is in the
Harrisburg Hospital. The accident
happened last night when a hot
brick furnace at the Bethlehem
Steel Company caved in and caught
him. Poeth, a bricklayer, was aid
ing in repairing the furnace at the
time of the accident.
iUse McNeil's Pain Exterminator—Ad
No 'elie'id c mn of
i Rheumatum, Gcu< and Lumiigo
| ii Munyon'i Rneum* :im Remedy,
j Try It ma tr.en (yd good-bye to
| crutchei, canee nd paini ltdoeiool
I put the dneaie tc lieep, but drivei It
from the ij-iiem. Relieve* pain in
from one to three hourt. Price, 30c a
bottle. Send for Diet ar.d Care Chart.
Munyon't Laboratories, 54th and
Columbia Ate., Phila
OCTOBER 9, 1919.
Danger of Personal Bonds
At a recent meeting of the which included the follow
understgned Association, an ing warning on the subject
important paper was read, of personal surety.
In the matter of Judicial business development, how
many have every noted in the office of the clerk of the
Probate Court the names of personal sureties; the cases
where used, and then pointed out —by letter or otherwise—
First—To the principal how he foolishly endangers his
freedom by asking his friends to bind their separate estate#
in a surety capacity—foolishly, (a) because of the uncer
tain reciprocal obligation incurred, and (b) because of the
Act of Assembly called the Fiduciaries Act in our State,
justifying the employment of corporate surety, and the
payment of necessary premiums from the funds of the es
Second —To the sureties—how they have to an uncertain
extent mortgaged their future and perhaps that of their
survivors, and
Third—To the attorney in such cases that the free and
expert co-operation of surety corporation officers is lost;
and an invitation unconsciously established to have heirs
or other distributees in case of consequent irregularities
reflect upon his advice or lack of advice.
Surety Underwriters Association
of Harrisburg, Pa.

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