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100,000 Pennsylvania Coal Miners Join in Nation Wide Entire Industry
LXXXVIII— NO. 257 18 PAGES Da Vuer ep a t t S the <, orJtHarSrr 8 ' HARRISBURG, PA. SATURDAY EVENING, NOVEMBER 1, 1919, 'COAL STRIKE IS UNDER WAY WITH MORE THAN 400,000 MINERS IDLE Operators Do Not Dispute Claims; No Trouble or Violence Reported From Any Districts WESTERN PA. FIELD CLAIMS MANY NONUNION MEN OUT By Associated Press. Chicago, Nov. I.—The nation-wide strike ot' bituminous coal miners entered its first day .with more than 400.000 miners idle, according to estimates by United Mine V orkers of America offi cials throughout the country. Coal operators, for the most part, were not inclined to dispute this estimate, and giving full allow ance for all claims by operators which had been reached at noon to-day the total of striking miners falls just short of 400,000. No Violence Reported From no district was violence or trouble of any nature re ported. . The number of men claimed by the unions to be on strike co incided almost exactly with the paid-up memberships on file at national headquarters at Indianapolis at the end of August, namely 401,480. In ten or more states the unions reported more men out than the total August paid-up memberships on file at national head quarters. In most instances these discrepancies were covered in the union claim of an average 15 per cent, of arrears. . North Dakota reported its 1.500 lignate miners at work, in re sponse to orders from Indianapolis headquarters. North Dakota expected to use this coal itself. PITTSBURGH DECLARES UNION RANKS ARE OUT SOLID Pittsburgh, Nov. 1. All union miners in Western Pennsylvania and a great many nonunion miners were idle to-day, according to reports re ceived by rbilip Murray, president of District No. 5, United Mine Workers of America. "The men responded to the order 100 per cent, strong," said Mr. Mur ray. "and my information is that a great many nonunion men came with them. This is particularly true of the Westmoreland and Fayette county fields. There is now in ray office "a committee of miners from a mine in Fayette county where 500 mer are employed end they have told me that not only their mine, but a number of other nonunion mines are down. In answer to this statement oper ators declared that many nonunion men were not at work to-day but this is a church holiday, and the miners would not have been at work in any event. Reports from the nonunion mines in the lower Allegheny valley were to the effect that many of the mines were working. Many of the "coun try" mines also were in operation. The villages of Tarentum and Breck enridge were threatened with a water famine as the water plant serving both of these places was almost without coal and the mine from which its supply was drawn was closed. Most of the men walked out at 4 o'clock yesterday afternoon at the end , shift, it was announced at dis trict headquarters. About five per cent, of the 42,000 miners work night shifts, and this number went into the mines yesterday and worked BUSTLING HEADQUARTERS OF MINERS ARE NOW LETHARGIC By Associated Press. Indianapolis, Nov. 1. From the scene of greatest activity in connec tion with the strike of approximately 4 00,000 bituminous coal miners, headquarters of the United Mine Workers of America here has been transformed in the last 24 hours to perhaps the most lethargic. This is the result of the sweeping provisions of the restraining order issued yesterday by United States District Judge A. B. Anderson, com pelling the miners' officials to re frain from taking any part in con ducting or encouraging the strike of the miners, which according to dispatches, has been carried out al most to a man among the unions of the coal workers of the country. Lenders Obey Orders Miners' leaders at headquarters thus far apparently have obeyed the restraining order to the letter. They not only decline to give out state ments and reports concerning the strike but will not discuss their pians for combatting the action of THE WEATHER Harrfuhurg nnd Vicinity: Cloudy nnd colder to-night and Sun day. Probably rain. Lowest tem perature to-night about 50 de grees. Eastern Pennsylvania: Clondy and colder to-nigbt nnd Sunday, probably rain. Gentle to mod erate shifting winds. Itlvcr: The main river and the Xorth Branch will rise slowl.v. Other streams will not change materially unless substantial rains fall. A stage of about 4.K feet Is Indicated for llarrtsburg Sunday morning. HARRISBURG TELEGRAPH By Associated Press, until last midnight when they too joined the strike, union officials said. They declared also that they have assurance from nearly all of the ten per cent, of the unorgan ized miners in Western Pennsylvania that they will join the strike. If union men in any section failed to obey the strike order, officers of the union said, they had not been informed, and they expressed the be lief that the order had met with complete compliance. No disorder was reported from any section of the district, the men quietly going to their homes upon leaving the pits. This was in obedi ence to an order issued ry Philip Murray, president of the district No 5, who urged the men to "refrain from holding mass meetings or dem onstrations of any character." No Trouble Expected From the central part of the State came reports that the miners gen erally followed the order to strike, but no trouble was expected there as the miners of that section were said by their leaders to be "very con servative." From points along the Mononga hela river came reports that union organizers were hard at work among nonunion miners, particularly those in the coke country, in an effort to bring them into the strike. Foreign-born miners, it was said by bankers in mining communities, were well supplied with money, many of them having saved a con siderable sum from the high wages of the past few years. American born workers, it was added, were not so well off, as their living costs were higher. the Government in the courts, and unless the restraining order is vio lated by some of those against whom it is directed, miners headquarters probably will remain quiet, at least until the Government's injunction proceedings again come up in the Federal court, November 8. The restraining order secured yes terday is the first step in the Gov ernment's plan to render the strike ineffective. On November 8 a tem porary injunction will be asked. Government officials pointing out that the first order was merely an [Continued on Page 18.] Favors Continuance of Sugar Equalization Board With Power to Buy Crops Washington, Nov. I.—By a vote of 9 to 2 the Senate agricultural com mittee to-day ordered a favorable re port of the McNary bill to continue the United States sugar equalization board during 1920 and to authorize it to buy sugar crops next year. The bill contains no provisions for licensing of the sugar trade, as re quested by the board, and also does not require specifically that Cuban sugar shall be purchased. Senators Ransdell. Louisiana, and Gore, Oklahoma, Democrats, voted against the measure, the former contending thnt it might he inimi cal to Louisiana's sugar interests. Senator Gore, it was said, opposed extending government control over sugar. Chairman McNnry plans to report the bill to the Senate Monday. STATE REPORTS ON COAL STRIKE The following table by States of men who left the mines up to ! to-day to obey the strike call is based on reports, in most in- j stances estimated, received by ( union leaders throughout the ! country: Arkansas 4,000 I Alabama 15,000 Colorado 5,000 Illinois 80,000 Indiana 25,000 ! lowa 14,000 j Kansas 13,000 i Kentucky 30,000 j Maryland 4.000 | Michigan 2,400 j Montana 4,000 j Mississippi 1,000 i New Mexico 4,000 | North Dakota 4,000 j Ohio 40,000 Oklahoma 6,000 | Pennsylvania 100,000 i Tennessee 2,000 ! Texas 2,500 ' Utah 1,000 i Washington 6,000 j West Virginia 42,50<t I Wyoming 7,000 j TO KEEP WATCH ON THE PRICES OF HARD COAL Action Will Be Taken as Soon as They Go Up, Gar field Says By Associated Press AVanliingtun, Nov. I.—While no ac tion is contemplated now with regard to anthracite coal, Dr. H. A. Garfield said that the course of prices would be watched carefully. "Just the moment anthracite coal shows any disposition to get away," he said, "maximum price orders will be revised to stop profiteering." The preference list as it will now stand will operate in this order: Railroads, Army and Navy and oth er government departments. State and county offices and insti tutions, public utilities. Retail dealers, jnanufacturing plants on the War Industries Board preference list; industries not on the | list: jobbers, lake steamers, steamers ! at tidewater. Regional Directors | Enforcement of the coal diversion i order will be in the hands of regional j coal committees to be set up in I eight cities by regional directors of j the railroad administration. These I committees will work under a cen | tral committee in Washington. Director General Hines announced to-day that in allotting coal for com mercial purposes the committees would give preference to consumers without a reserve supply whose needs are urgent. Each regional committee will in clude a representative of Dr. Gar i field. The cities in which these com mittees will be set up are New York, Boston, Philadelphia, Cleveland, Pittsburgh, St. Louis, Chicago and Atlanta. Thumb Blown Off in First Hunting Accident; Follows Him to Hospital Struck by the discharge from his shotgun this morning in the* first hunting accident of the rabbit sea son in this section, Paul Richert, 22 years old, of Penbrook, will loose the thumb of his left hand. Moving through the woods near Highspire in search of rabbits, Reich ert tripped over the root of a tree, falling backward and discharging the gun His thumb was olown off. George W. Lucas, of New Cumberland, who assisted in taking tile wounded man to the hospital, was later shot while attempting to prevent the rob bery of a home in Lemoyne. Lucas, who lives in New Cumber land, is employed as an electrician by the Army Reserve Depot. He was treated at the Harisburg Hospital. Working upon the high tension elec tric lines running between the Army Reserve Depot and the power plant of the United Electric Company, Lu cas attempted to prevent two negroes from robbing the small house occu pied by Eli Garrett. One of the in truders fired one shot at Lucas from a revolver of Garrett's that they had found. They made good their es cape during the confusion following the shooting. AM, OF OHIO MEN OUT By Associated Press. Columbus, 0., Nov. 1. Unof ficial information received here to day indicated that practically all of Ohio's 40,000 soft coal miners answered the strike call. OUTRAGE TO ASK DECENT PEOPLE TO DRINK NEAR BEER By Assoeiated Press. Newark, N. J.. Nov. 1. The Liquor Dealers' Protective Asso ciation to-day voted to ask brew- Ms to discontinue the manufac ture of "near beer" declaring it 'an outrage to ask decent people to drink It." The city's 9"o liquor dealers also voted to close their places at midnight to-night and keep them closed until wartime ni'ohibitton is lifted. SI)C otor-3n&cpcn&enL Opposing Forces in Great Coal Strike ■■■■■■nHMMMnMNMMBBaMaHMaBHBBBmHWaHBEHnsaka ATTORNEY GENERAL PALMER ' JOHN L. LEWIS Behind the Attorney General is the power of the nation, pledged to see that miners who remain at work are protected. Lewis is directing the forces of organized labor. HOVERTER'S STAND INSURES EEECTION Honest Declarations of Re publican Nominee Makes Him Many Friends Who Want Business Administra tion For Next Four Years WILL SAVE MUCH BY CONDUCTING HEARINGS Alderman George A. Hoverter, Republican candidate • for mayor, was heartily congratulated to-day upon his straight-from-the-shoulder statement to the voters yesterday. His intention to give all of his time to being mayor of the city dur ing the next four years was es pecially pleasing. So many men have maintained their outside interests or professions while mayor that it was especially refreshing to find a candidate who intended to make being mayor his sole business during bis term. Many voters were amazed to learn that nldermanic hearings in the mayor's court had cost the city six or seven thousand dollars and were pleased to learn that Mayor Hover ter will cut out this bit of extrava gance and will conduct all hearings himself, thus saving large sums to the' taxpayers. Another part of the next mayor's program that appealed to the voters, regardless of party, was his vision of the future Harrisburg. his evident familiarity with municipal needs and his recognition of the housing problem. His warning note as to the need of careful consideration of nil problems of finance and the im portance of economy and conserva tion in city affairs likewise made him many friends. Big Republican Victory Nothing has transpired in the past twenty-four hours to shako the con fidence of the Republican candidates and workers in the belief that next Tuesday will witness a great vic [Contimieil on Page 3.] MANY MORE JOIN IN DEMAND FOR DAYLIGHT SAVING Railroad Men, Tradesmen and Union Officials Want Ex tra Hour of Sunshine I Harrisburg's demand for an extra | hour of daylight next summer is i growing. I Many petitions are coming Into [the Harrisburg Telegraph editorial rooms from every section of the city and from every branch of the city's industry, giving ample evidence of i the fact. i That the extra hour means much jto them is readily shown by reason :of the readiness with which men 'and women of every condition of |the city's life are affixing thojr sig natures to the petitions circulated throughout the city. Movement Popular | Industrial plants have ljned up back of the movement in an impos ing array. A big percentage of em ployes in every instance designated their desire for the contimiance of the plan again next year, while in a | number of instances some of the 'biggest plants reported 100 per cent, [enrollments. ' Pennsylvania railroad employes in this section are backing the plan in fine style. The twilight baseball leagues furnished much entertain ment for them last year and they are anxious that they he permitted to enjoy the same privileges next year. The plan has been endorsed by the Painters' and Paperhangers' Association, and petitions have al ready been forwarded containing the names of muny members of the organization. Private citizens, however, are do ing their part to show the pub'lc's disapproval of Congress' action. Petitions placed in stores and other business establishments about town ha ve beer.' signed liberally by them. ' LOANS ASSURED OF ' BIG VOTE FAVORABLE action on the j loans to come before the I voters next Tuesday seems to be assured, according to reports ! received by men who have been j in close touch with civic improve- i ments and the sentiment of the ' people. No opposition to any of the projects has been voiced. It is recognized as necessary for the i City to transfer its $300,000 Wai mit street bridge fund to the $3,000,000 State street memorial project. The need of new sew ers, more paving and bathing fa cilities is generally recognized. Workers of All Parties Arc Urged to Get Out Vote For Loans; Four Important Is sues Come Before People on Tuesday By approving the- four important loan issues coming before the people next Tuesday, voters of the city will make funds available to carry on the big city development program which was started years ago and which has placed Harrisburg far ahead of other cities of its size in municipal improvements. City officials to-day declared that by granting Council authority to issue bonds for the various amounts desig nated on the ballot much work can be done in the city for the next few years, increasing the value of property and improving street san itary and recreation facilities. The proposed loan of $50,000 for paving street intersections and in front of nonassessable properties will make funds available which will permit extensive highway improve [Continued on I'age 3.] MUNICIPAL AND COUNTY OFFICES WILL BE FILLED Elections in Pennsylvania Next Tuesday to Name Many Officials Pennsylvania will have its county and municipal election next Tues day and will also elect one su perior court judge, Judge Willium H. Keller, appointed almost a year ago to fill a vacancy, being unop posed for election to the ten-year term. There will be elected twenty six District Judges of various class es and fourteen Associate Judges together with district attorneys in over half of the counties of the State and more than 200 county of ficers who will be commissioned by the State. Most of the counties will elect commissioners, poor di rectors, treasurers and other offi cers. Philadelphia and twenty-three of the third cities of the State will elect mayors. The two second [Continued on Pago 3.] LAST ACT IS TO SAVE OTHERS Hlt Associated' Press Edgowntcr, X. J., Nov. 1. A dying motorman's last act in life to-day was to npply the breaks to his car lest it coast a precipi tous incline on the Hudson Palisades and kill 30 passengers. When passengers, thrown from their seats by the sudden stop ping of the car went to the front platform, they found the motor man, Alexander liubb, dead. He had been stricken with heart failure. The car was stopped on the edge of a precipice some hundreds of feet in height. OWI.Y EVENING ASSOCIATED PUESS SINGLE COPIES NEWSPAPER IN lIAIIIIISBURG TWO CENTS LUTHERANS IN COURT PROTEST FORCED UNION Experts in Church Law Say Congregations Are Round by Merger HEARING IS CONTINUED Split in Congregation Over Point in Vote of Rep resentative. Bodies Whether the churches belonging to the three large Evangelical Lutheran organizations in the United States are bound by the decision of these or ganizations in merging and forming the United Lutheran Church in America and nusst affiliate themselves with this new governing body re gardless of the derisions of the sep arate congregations, is the important question which will be submitted to the court to decide with the close of the suit between officers of the Holy Communion Lutheran Church, of this city, and the Rev. John Henry Miller, the pastor. President Judge Kunkel heard the equity case yesterday and to-day, and with another witness to be called by the plaintiff it was decided to con tinue the hearing until December 3. (ilve Testimony The principal witnesses which have bten called so far were Dr. Henry E.vster Jacobs, of Philadelphia, pro fessor of systematic theology ut the Lutheran Theological Seminary, at Philadelphia, a brother of ex-Judge M. W. Jacobs, this city. Dr. Theo dore E. Sehmunk, of Lebanon, and Dr. H. A. Weiler, president of the Pennsylvania Ministerium of the Gen eral Council of the Evangelical Luth eran Church. Dr. Jacob A. Ulutz, pro fessor of practical theology at the Lutheran Theological Seminary at Gettysburg, will be the first witness called on December 3. It is claimed in the proceeding that | each congregation of the three large | Lutheran organizations, is bound by the decision of these bodies in merg ing. These three organizations are the General Synod, the General Coun cil and the United Lutheran Synod in the South. Dlxulieyeil Instruction The Rev. Mr. Miller with some of the members of the congregation re fused to be bound by the action of the General Council of the Lutheran Church, and withdrew from it, it is alleged. Others in the congregation claimed that the church in this city was bound by that action and should become a part of the new body, the United Lutheran Church. To support this latter contention action was brought against the pas tor by counsel for some of the offici als, William H. Earnest and S. S. Rupp. Witnesses were called in an I effort to show that churches through | out the country were subject to the | decision of the governing bodies un- I det which they had been organized. When the defense is opened by I William Hargest. William M. Hain and | E M. Hershey, attorneys for the Rev. i Mr. Miller and other members of the j ccngregation, they will present evi j dence that each church is not com i pelled to abide by the action of the larger organizations in merging, and ] that tlie newly formed United Luth i eran Church differs greatly from the j General Council, to which the Holy I Communion Church was affiliated. Campaign Claptrap, Say Republicans; Court the Place to Air Charges Charges, as published by a Demo cratic newspaper to-day, that more votes were cast for Clarence E. Web er in his tight for the City Treasur ership nomination at the September primaries than were counted, were dubbed by Republican leaders as mere claptrap of the last-minute variety, such as has marked the windup of Democratic campaigns for years. "The place to air such charges is in the courts," said one of them this morning. "If there was fraud in? the primaries, charges ought to bp brought in the courts and the guilty persons punished. Until ar rests for fraud are made, the public is not likely to pay much attention to the allegations." The story attracted very little at tention in Republican quarters, everybody agreeing that if those who make the charges really have any evidence they ought to use it for the prosecution of those alleged to be responsible. The charges, as published, are that seventy-sever? voters have made affi davit they voted for Weber in the Sixth precinct of the Second ward, whereas only fifty-six votes were re turned. Noted. Surgeon Performs Difficult Operations For City's Red Cross Dr. J. Torrance Ruhe, of the Or thopedic Hospital, Philadelphia, came to this city on Wednesday through the efforts of Dr. Jesse I.enker and Dr. George It. Kunkel, of the Harrisburg Hospital and op erated In one of the most remark able clinics ever held in the hospi tal here, according to surgeons of this city. Three children were taken to the clinic by the home service depart ment of the American Red Cross in Harrisburg. and operated on, a total of fifteen operations being perform ed by Dr. Ruhe. As a result of the operations, one girl was completely cured of her trouble through a re moval of a piece of bone in her hip, nnd will now be able to walk. ST 10AMKR MISSING Havuna, Friday, Oct. 31.—The small steamer Maria Julia, belong ing to the Antillas Navigation Com pany, hound from Havana for Nue vitas, is missing. The steamer sailed October 22. She had a crew of nineteen men. GENERALLY FAIR NEXT , WEEK IS FORECAST By Associated Press Washington, Nov. I.—Weather predictions for the week begin ning Monday are: North and Middle Atlantic States , Generally fair with neprly normal temperatures; moderately cool early days of the week. PERSHING ASKS FOR ELIMINATION OF DEAD TIMBER Tells Congressional Commit tee Undesiraglc Officers Should Be Routed Out SCORES STAFF LEADERS Claims They Are Able to Get Promotions While Fighting Men Are Unrewarded By Associated Press. Washington, Nov. I.—"Elimina tion of dead timber" among Army officers was suggested by General Pershing before the Senate and House military committees to-day as one of the steps advisable in peace time reorganization of the military establishment. In nearly every grade, the General said, there were a few officers who had passed the stage of usefulness and should be replaced. Extending some of his remarks of yesterday. General Pershing said the Army Department of purchases and finances recommended by him should not take over the buying of articles now secured by the quarter master general's bureau. In reducing the Army from 500 000 to 300,000 men, the General said, only a very small reduction could he made in the number of staff officers. "We had 350 on our staff in France for an army of 2,000,000 men," he said. "We should have needed the same number for half as many." "Nearly every army officer goes [Continued on Page 18.] * t f CONCEDE EFFECTIVE STRIKE X e - Wellington. Reports to headquarters of the coal 1 • '" * * Operators here to-day said that in the union m.nes the i ** 4 , * ike was generally effective, but that in the non-union J * * field fnany thousands of miners remained at work. The € u4 !W working at practically full capacity and in Pennsylvania • * IjT * 110,000 of 180,000 non-union miners were reported at I $ :: T * * * • * " . died suddenly last, night while on • here. He was ? years old and was wid , * iur trade. * * "* BODIES TAKEN FROM MIN V • 41 j Amsterdamo. Twenty bodies have been recovered ' i from the Y. and O. mine a Amsterdam. It is b x * * th< e include all that v/erc in the mine. * At 'I TO CURTAIL RAILROAD SERVICE * * X" * 1 stop. Passenger and freight train service on New i *| | I * J R. Todd, director foi * * land of the railroad administration, announced to-d i a # 'la , „ that.. meeting of the managers of all the : ids .th L # * * tion had been called to determine the numl er of trail * S eft | l < to be taken off each line. The redt :be mac: , ft immediately. Mr. Todd said th * * * country would have to reduce their service JT URGES WILSON TO TAKE OVER MINES € H fIQP 4 # Washington. President Wilson was urged in Im* ' * tion inroduced to-day by Representative Baet 'TV e t ~ of bituminous ' * and negotiate voluntary agreements with th * workers, so as to insure uninterrupted mining of c< :! and T |* guarantee the interests pf the operator: and : iner.; dur- • * * ing the period of emergency. X Z a* . , 4 X MARRIAGE LICENSES <| 1 IIJ Vldovlc and Kam O" I '. Sloelton) Ufarar A. Schmidt. En.'y A* bunt, and Mary A. I. hum. Willlnm H. Clrwrll and Mirylft l.oiidpnnlirrgrr, Northampton) Ijnnlrl 1,. Kiiowlpn. Itook.v Mount. N. C.,1 * nnd Madcll ic 1.. I'rnxlngrr, ChomliorxhurKi William H. t'antloman. *' rit Now (umhorliinil. and Sumlp A. Miller, Htirrlubnrg) Howard Channelled r iind Jennie W rathrafpr, Harrlnburu- HOME EDITION ALLISON HILL TRUST TO MOVE ACROSS STREET Purchase Big Property to Be Remodeled; Plan New Business Buildings MEANS BIG IMPROVEMENT Banking Institution Finds It Necessary to Get Larger Quarters Announcement was made to-day of the purchase by the Allison Hill Trust Company of the Swab Buildingr, Thirteenth and Market streets, di rectly opposite the company's pres ent location. At the same time, an nouncement was made of the sale of the building now occupied by the bank to Harry Hess. No considera tion was announced. The Swab Building is of three Stories. 40x100 feet. The lower floor m,.,! ? remodelled at a cost of $25,- 00°. A section. 40x80. will be occu pied by the bank, while a post office substation will take up the remain im °. first floor. The operations will be completed by January 1. The present trust company building is three stories high and is 24x71 feet in size. The first floor will be re modelled at a cost of $15,000 for a confectionery and ice cream store. Erection of a proposed building by ffeorge U Bricker, president of the Harrisburg Electric Company, at 24- 28 South Second street, and 122 Chest nut street, has been held up until spring, because of complications aris ing between tenants of properties that are to be removed. The building will be "L," shaped, the Second stijeet building to be 30x147 feet and the Chestnut street building 30x105. The new building will be four stories in height. Bomb Is Exploded During Celebration in Honor of Jap Emperor By Associated Press. Tokio, Nov. I.—A bomb was ex ploded outside the foreign office hero to-day. No fatalities resulted from the ex plosion which coincided with a cele bration in honor of the emperor.