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THE BIRMINGHAM AGE-HERALD.
VOL,. 35 BIRMINGHAM, ALABAMA. SUNDAY, JANUARY 14, 1906. 32 PAGES NO. 258 TWO HUNDREDTH ANNIVERSARY OF BENJAMIN FRANKLIN’S BIRTH Incidents in the life of Amer ica's Ureal Philosopher and Diplomat HIS READY WIT HELPED RIM OUT OF MARY DIFFICULTIES Although He Rose to Greatness and Stood Before Kings, Franklin Was Not Ashamed of Being a Puritan Printer, BY MONCURE LYNE. Next to the Bible’and Shakespeare per haps no book is more frequently quoted than “Poor Richard's Almanac," yet many to whom its wise saws are house hold words are unaware when using them that they are drawing from the fount of Benjamin Franklin’s philosophy. As the man of common sense Franklin ranks foremost among the patriots who estab lished American independence. Henry's oratory, Washington’s sword, and Jef ferson’s pen could have availed little If Franklin's influence had not secured the aid of France—for Yorktown would have been an impossibility save for Lafayette and Comte de Grasse. When, moreover, one studies the chart Of America’s freedom of the 8ea, the compass points to Franklin as the found er of our navy; for Franklin’s friendship with John Paul Jones anchored that Scotchman in American waters. So that If John Paul Jones has the honor of being styled the Father of the American Navy, to Bemjamin Franklin is con signed the position of god-father. On account of admiration for Franklin, Louis XV fitted out Captain John Paul Jones with a ship, which the French king ordered named "Le Bon Homme Richard," as a compliment to the author Of "Poor Richard’s Almanac." Founder of the Union. Benjamin Franklin heads the list of our greatest self-made men, save perhaps Abraham Lincoln. A careful study of his life leads to the belief that Franklin was jiot like Washington and Henry, simply the man of the hour, but that at any period of history he would have been equal to the occasion. Like Jefferson, the depth of Franklin’s Intellect would have enabled him under any circum stances to have steered to the front. To Franklin’s philosophic mind, Jefferson re ferred his first draft of the declaration of Independence, which was a tacit ac knowledgment by the sage of Montlcello of Franklin’s wisdom. Jefferson by the self-advertisement of having written his own epitaph, reminds the world of his services, while Franklin, by his "Articles of Confederation,’’ really laid the founda tion of our national union, so that the United States of America Is his monu ment. Father of the Press. To Franklin’s patronage of printing Is due the freedom of the press In our coun try; and his Ingenuity first gave the Idea of illustrated news, while his clever use of advertisement furnished an unparal leled possibility in the furtherance of American commercial prosperity. Frank lin’s effort In establishing libraries and the circulation of his "Poor Richard’s Almanac” to the number of fifteen thou sand annually, fostered a national pride and stimulus to the growth of American literature. Even Lord Jeffrey, the relent less critic for the Edinburg Review, Is forced to grant to Franklin’s writings “the vigor of Swift, the polish of Addi son.” Ideas of Education. As an advocate for education Franklin, the self-made man, had the most practi cal appreciation of the of the masses. From his own experience he de clares that, "He who has a tr«*de has an estate." Franklin also advocated manual train ing for women rather than expending so much time in learning music and art; for ho believed thereby that females could earn a better livelihood if thrown on their own resources. Unlike most men who have been denied academic training, though Franklin did not disparage college education, he deemed the study of the dead languages, by the average man. a waste of time. He believed (as English was the language most commonly in use by the colonies,) in the establishment of English schools; and is regarded as the founder of the University of Pennsylvania. Though Franklin himself engaged in the traffic Of slaves, he believed in providing means for the education of the children born to free negroes. His Religion. Franklin came from a family that was Puritan of the Puritans. Tradition says that despite Boston snow and January bleakness, his Calvinistic mother took him the very day of his oirth to the i Church for baptism. As he was the tenth child his father regarded him as the tithe due to the Lord. Providence though had destined young Benjamin to a wider sphere of usefulness thaii a ministry among the witch burners of New Eng land. Franklin's life was spent for the betterment of mankind# his broad cath oltcy carrying him far beyond the nar row dogmas of sectarianism. In early life Benjamin sat in the pew of the Presby terian, but he was not elected there to remain; for later the spirit moved him to nap In the Quaker meeting house, and sucih was his impartiality that to Frank lin's influence is traceable Carroll of Maryland being appointed first Catholic Bishop of America. Having no patience with the New England Sabbath. Franklin was never a Sabbatarian. Early in life he set aside Sunday as his day for study I and writing, and later, like the French, | regarded it as a fete day. Franklin's friendship Included anti podes like Darwin and Whitfield, yet, be it told to his credit, he advertised 1 nom as Paine to burn Instead of printing his • Age of Reason,” for, argued Franklin, "If men are so wicked with religion, what would they be without it?” The Book of Common Prayer, as used in the United States, was shortly after the revolution, revised along lines sug gested by the pen of Franklin. Although Franklin was never sectarian, in his later ( years he was a pew-holder and frequent attendant at the Episcopal church, cor ner of Arch and Fifth streets, Philadel phia, and there, In the church yard his remains found a grave by the side of his wife, Deborah. His Married Life. When Washington. Jefferson and Franklin were young sparks, Dickens had not trumpeted through the mouth-piece of Weller his warning to “Bevare of the vidders.” Franklin, however, was more up to date than his contemporaries of Virginia, so that in selecting a consort, he not only chose a widow, but a grass-widow, which cir cumstance never prevented her from making Franklin a faithful helpmeet and satisfactory spouse. Mrs. Franklin s maiden name was Deborah Reed, and she was the Belf-same girl who standing in her doorway, had laughed at the com ical appearance of the runaway appren tice boy, who, having Just arrived in Philadelphia exceedingly hungry, was strolling along Market street munching a roll, having moreover two extra loaves of bread tucked under each arm. dreamed Deborah that he was destined to be her future husband, and little dreamed Franklin what destiny had m store by directing him to Philadelphia, for Benjamin’s only hope rested in his belief that “God helps those who help themselves. Deborah Reed was a suitable match for Benjamin Franklin, son of a candle maker and soap boiler, as her mother was the manufacturer of an ointment guar anteed to cure Itch, but when Franklin, the self-made man, became minister to France the law of social gravitation de stined Mrs. Franklin to obscurity. She, good woman, was happier, however. In the station In which she rightfully be longed. Her pet name for her husband was "Pappy," a term over wfilch Frank lin's political enemies made much sport. During Franklin's long residence abroad he and his wife kept up a regular corre spondence, supplemented with such gifts from her as barrels of apples, buckwheat flour and corn meal. In return Franklin sent as reminder of his affection for her articles of wearing apparel from Paris that his keen knowledge of human na ture suggested would please ttio feminine heart. Franklin's and Deborah Reeds child Sarah, who married Bache, was one of the most patriotic women of the American revolution. To her It was due that a sewing society was organized for the purpose of helping to clothe the sol diers of Pennsylvania, the success of which was demonstrated In the gift to the army of twenty-two hundred shirts. It was one of the peculiar circumstances of war that when the British domiciled themselves In Philadelphia Franklin's home was occupied by Major Andre. His Ready Wit. When Franklin heard that Howe had captured Philadelphia, with the instinct of the prophet, he replied, "No, Phila delphia has captured Howe,” and thus It proved. A remark even more face tious than this was made by Franklin when Harrison of Virginia urged the signers of the Declaration of Independ ence "that Congress must all hang to gether in Its defense." FTanklln, with grim humor, added. "Or we will all hang separately." In his plain homespun clothes the gouty figure of Franklin presented at the French court a vast contrast to the fashionably dressed and powdered be wigged autocrats of Europe. But the self-made American In his home-made clothes was not to be discomforted by a French lackey at the door of the Senate chamber exclaiming, "Pardon me, sir, ‘but you have forgotten your wig." "Perhaps,” laughed Franklin, "but I did not forget my head." Among the French such was Frank lin's popularity that It excited the envy of the other commissioners. Ijee and Deane. A little circumstance that well illustrates Franklin's reedy wit was that when some of his admirers sent to the commissioners' headquarters at Passy a cake Inscribed, "Le dlgne Franklin (the worthy Franklin)." he told Ills compa triots that It was meant for all three of them, and that the French did not know how to correctly spell their names, and Interpreted the phrase to mean, "Dee, Deane, Franklin." Humor was a rare Ingredient in Puri tan stock and Franklin had perhaps more of It than any other American of his generation. It served as the greatest help to him all through his long life, get ting him safely out of difficulties where in logic would have availed naught. The most striking Instance of this was hts experience when a youth stranded In Dondon. He applied for a printer's posi tion. The Englishman of whom he sought work sneered at the Idea of em ploying a printer from America; whereat RH UMATISM Bone or Back Pains, Swollen Joints, Itching, Burning Skin CURED THROUGH THE BLOOD BY B.B.B. Hope—1The above picture* represent g* before and after effect of Botanic Blood Balm(B.B.B.) L m a most severe case of Rheumatism. It is no fancy * picture—but a genuine case. It is simply wonderful the fffeet B. B. B. has on Rheumatics. It invigorates the pieod, making it pure and rich, and destroying the active poison in the blood, which causes the swful symptom* gf Rheumatism. C B. B. B. limbs* ttm Mata, straightens out the Mat back easing • ptrfoet, laming cum ate all Leading Symptoms—Bone pains, sciatica or shooting pains up and down the leg; aching back Of shoulder blades, swollen Joints or swollen muscles; dif ficulty in moving around so you have to use crutches; blood thin or sk.'n pale; skin itches and burns; shifting pains; had breath; sciatica, lumbago, gout, etc. Botanic Blood Balm (B.B.B.) will remove every symptom, giv ing quick relief from the first dose, and B. B. B. sends a rich, tingling flood of warm, rich, pure blood direct to the paralysed nerves, bones and Joints, giving warmth and strength Just where it is needed, and In this way making a perfect, lasting cure sf Rheumatism in aU its forms. Weak, Inact 1 we Kidneys—One of the causes of Rheumatism is due to inactive kidneys and bladder. B. B. B. strengthens weak kidneys and bladder, draining off all diseased matter and all uric add, so the urine flows freely and naturally Botanic Blood Balm (B.B.B.) Is pleasant and safe to take. Thoroughly tested for 30 yrs. Composed of Pure Botanic In gredients. Strengthens Wsak Stomachs, cures Dyspepsia. Price SI per large bot tle. Take as directed. If not cured when right quantity Is taken, money refunded. Sample Sent Free by writing Blood Balm Co.. Atlmnto. Go. De.crlb. j.ur tronbl., mod .metal ft— m.dlool advice to imit your mm, tlM MB* Is touted latter.£ Franklin, nothing daunted, quietly took a composing stick and In four minutes set this sentence from the New Testa ment: "And Nathaniel said unto him, •Can any good thing come out of Naza reth?' Philip said unto him, 'Come and see.' ” It Is needless to add that Frank lin was at once employed. The Success of His Life. In many ways Franklin was ahead of his generation, though he never had but two years' schooling, and from his twelfth year had to scuffle for his sup port. Franklin learned not only that ex perience is the best teacher, but that "the door of learning Is never shut." On account o. his scientific ssudles the University of St. Andrew In Scotland con ferred upon Franklin the degree of LL.D., hence his title Dr. Franklin. As the patron of art Franklin's friend ship meant much to the painter, William WeBt, and the artist-potter, Wedgewood. To him It Is also due that the French sculptor Houdon perpetuated In marble the physique of Washington. Franklin's Ingenuity as Jack-at-all trades hatched many Ideas that had he been a man of more leisure would have been perfected Into valuable Invention. As the father of the lightning rod he has been the comfort of the country; while his Invention at glasses with the lens di vided so as to su(t not only reading, but distant vision, has given pleasure to thousands of elderly people. His knowl edge of hygiene, based on common sense rather than the then known science of medicine, was far ahead of his time. He advocated the use of water as conducive to health and a constant supply of fresh air in the bedroom. He also believed that a vegetable diet was more healthy than meat, and advises, "To lengthen thy life, shorten thy meals,” and supplements this Idea by Insisting that, "Three good meals a day Is bad living," and adds the maxim that we "Eat to live, not live to eat." From being a newsboy and printer's devil, Franklin rose to the position of the greatest diplomat In America, and verified by his life Solomon's saying, "Sees thou a man diligent In his calling, he shall stand before kings." As the rep resentative of the American people Franklin literally stood before five kings. But this did not turn his head or even cause him to lose pride In hla trade as a printer, for he begins his will with, "I, Benjamin Franklin, printer, late minis ter plenipotentiary from the United States of America to the court of France, and now president of the state of S>enn sylvanla, etc," So, when at the ripe old age of 84 years, Benjamin Franklin died. By his own request the printers of Phil adelphia, with their Journeymen and ap prentices, were given a prominent place at his funeral. TERRIBLE EXPERIENCE Had by Only Man to Eacape From Hawaiian Leper Colony. Prom the London Standard. When an individual becomes a member of the leper colony of Molokai, in the Pacific ocean, he is lost to the world; there Is no cure, no return, except in the rare case of an escape, an almost impossi ble performance. It has, nevertheless, happened and that within the past three months. The facts reveal tragedy and pathos trans cending fiction, and would scarcely be believed if it were not vouched for by tlie best authority. For reasons that will readily appreciated, it is undesirable to mention the name of the gentleman who through his brother's help has Just suc ceeded in returning to freedom, if not happiness. He is a Canadian, and was married in January, 1*90. A month later, while still on the honeymoon, the young couple vis ited Honolulu. After a few days’ enjoy ment of the lige and sights of the capital of the Sandwich Islands the husband, at that time a man of 25 years of age, failed to return to the hotel for dinner. The anxious wife waited and waited, and finally called in the assistance of the Hawaiian police, but he had disappeared as completely as though the earth had opened and Ingulfed him. The young woman cabled to her rela tives In British Columbia, and her father proceeded to her assistance. Father and daughter remained two months In Hono lulu, and then, as there were still no tidings of the missing man, they returned home. His parents were wealthy, and engaged the services of a well known American detective agency urging that no expense should be spared to' get at the facts of the disappearance. A competent man was sent to Honolulu, and after six week's patient investigation he discov ered what had happened. It seems that shortly after lunch on the day he disappeared he told his wife that he was going to the bank to draw some money, and then he would go to the club for an hour or so and return In time to take her for a drive before dinner. Immediately after leaving the bank, where he had drawn J500, he was arrested by four men, and, after being placed In a carriage, was driven to the house of a native official doctor. Here, after the most cursory examination, he was de clared to have leprosy, and when the necessary papers had been signed he was drugged. It Is easier to imagine than describe what his feelings were when he awoke to consciousness and found himself lying in the hold of a little vessel bound he knew not whither. Although the island Is less than forty miles from Honolulu, morning had dawned before Molokai was reached. On arrival he was left to take his place In the company of over a thou sand lepers. It was In vain that he pro tested, demanded his instant release, and refused to believe it possible that he was a prisoner there for life. When the report was made to the par ents by the defective agency they did all In their power to obtain their son’s release but in vain. Years went by. The distract ed wife died of a broken heart. Later his mother died, and some months afterward his father likewise. Fortunately for the lonely sufferer, he possessed a brother a year younger than himself, who decided to spare neither himself nor his fortune in efforts at res cue. It was not found difficult to charter a vessel that would carry off the man If he could reach It, but the difficulty was to enter Into any communication with the people on the Island, so that co operation could be had from that source. A man was finally found who possessed a skin disease that might in appearance be mistaken for a form of leprosy. This man was poor, out of work, and with a family to provide for. He agreed for £2000 to be paid to his wife to risk his liberty and life. He was taken to Honolulu, and accused of being a leper. The doc tor who examined him had grave doubts, but the man's statement that his father had contracted leprosy In a mild form In India before his marriage; also, that later In life the disease became worse, and he died a loathsome object to look upon, removed them, and he signed the necessary papers, as he could conceive no reason why a man should voluntarily desire to proceed to Molokai as a resi dent. His arrival there brought the first ray of hope Into the life of the man who for fifteen years and six months had borne and endured such as few men have had to do In the history of the world. The two men were not long In meeting, and the plot for escape was unfolded. It was four nights later that a good Embroideries and iOash fabrics tomorrow /Yew 1906 Designs Jin Embroideries. Spaces and All-overs—one of the most elaborate stocks it has been our good fortune to be able to present to the trade in this District. /few Chiffon Embroideries. Mouseline Embroideries. Jwisses. ffainsooks. Etc. Jin great profusion for this our initial sale for the Spring of 1906. Isde've an excep tionally strong assortment at the “Popular Prices**—10c. JZ J-Zc. J5c, J9c. Z5c. etc. is)e also show lots to close as low as 4c yard, and others up to $Z.50 yard. Match Jets &)e feel that we can please the most exacting cus tomer. no matter what their wants mag be. it)e have them from the daintiest edges to the most elaborate flounces, in widths in either inserting or edges, from four to six widths, each set. All-overs (Suite the most extensive line of fine tfainsook and Jwiss All-over Embroideries ever shown in Alabama at 98c yard—all new. fresh, crisp goods, the actual value of which is SI.50 to S2.50 yard. An All-over £aces the showing is quite large for you to make selections from. ...1906 Wash fabrics... Jfn White and Colored.- the Most Diversified Assortment Sver Shown by Caheen Brothers thousands of yards will be shown tomorrow for the first time. imported ffovelties, ranging in price from 25c to 75c: so much newer. daintier and desirable than silks. All “good dressers” wear imported is)ash fabrics in Spring and ^Summer. Come With t/our friends tomorrow And during the week and inspect the most representative line of /few fabrics in Birmingham. Svery piece lfew and fresh—Jhis «Season's Summer Waist fabrics Choice of an exceptionally grand line of Summer Wash pabricks, including half-dozen different weaves in almost a hundred designs and colorings, dainty effects, at JSc. tfew Plaids —Cjuess you're interested in seeing beyond doubt the best display of these in Pi ham. Come tomorrow. //ew grenadine ini eaves Jin the very best popular “shadow” effects, quite an in novation in fabric colorings, exceptional showing at 25c. l/ard-wide all linen Press fabrics in the shades “quite right” for coming season, about a dozen different shades, choice 25c yd. immense line new Ginghams just opened. Women’s Muslin Underwear J'ale is Jtill in full force Jables full of A-l bargains for this week in CJowns. Corset Covers. Drawers. Chemise. Petti- fq $JQ QQ Caheen brothers sized schooner yacht, which had been lurking off the Island out of sight all day drew gradually closer, and by 10 o'clock was within 100 yards of a part of the shore least likely to be patrolled by the guards. No lights were shown, but occasionally small pieces of wood were thrown overboard coated with luminous paint. As the current was drifting shore ward, they were thrown on the beach In a short space of time. Suddenly to the watchers of those on Aboard two pieces were raised In the air and held in that position. Immediately a boat with muf fled oars made for the shore and took on board the two men who were In wait ing, having eluded the guards in the dark ness. Two weeks later the yacht arrived at Vancouver, and the brothers were re united. Doctors who have examined the older say there is not the slightest trace of leprosy about him. The mystery Is who caused his abduction? MADE BERNHARDT FAMOUS. Milwaukee Man Opened the Way to Fame for Young Jewess. From the Washington Times. Eugene Field on one occasion gave a most Interesting account of the transla tion of Sarah Bernhardt to the legitimate stage. Field attributed this translation to Col. Horace Rublee, then editor of the Mil waukee Sentinel, who was at that time a guest of Madame Bernhardt at one of the hotels In this city. The poet’s ac count of the matter Is as follows: “It was while Colonel Rublee was Tnlted States minister to Belgium that he visited Paris for the first time. Being then a young and enterprising man, he explored the French metropolis thorough ly, and one evening happened to attend a performance at the Theatre Haut Monde, one of the great many variety houses with which Paris abounded at that time. It was here that he first saw and heard Sarah Bernhardt, then a mere girl, doing a song and dance. “The usual beauty and subtle grace of the young Jewess Impressed the saga cious diplomatist so absolutely that ho determined to interest himself in her be half. "In a fewr days he had set her case be fore the American minister and through the Influence of that official, secured an audience with the directory of the Com edie FrancaIse, who finally consented to give the girl a trial In the role of Phedre. From that day to the present time Bern hardt has trod the flowery path to glory, and it is said to her credit, that she has never forgotten the kindness done her by her good friend ‘Monsieur le Colonel.’ “She said to me the other day. 'wlzout Monsieur le Colonel, valre little good would my art to do. He And me in z»* song and dance, and he say Salria, you are one—what you call me—daisy. Ozzer men see me again, but ze nevaire see me to be one daisy. Monsieur le Colonel knows one day when he see me and call me one daisy.’ " A Year Forecast. Paris Letter to London World. Mm#*, de Thebes, the pet Parisian prophetess, who Is no Mother Shipton. but a cultured woman of the world, and a charming talker, and used to be a great friend of Dumas flls. has Just issued her almanac for 1906. The preface runs: “I called 1904 a drab year, 1906 a scarlet year; 1906 will be a mad and bad year.” She does not say whether this will apply to the weather. Hot Clam Bioth with gen uine clam- Black Cat Bar. $50.09 gives away in the Knowledge Contest Watoh far it THE, STEINWAY PIANO Has a reputation founded on the re corded judgement of the world’s greatest artists of two generations and the combined opinion of the most eminent musical and scientific ex perts. It is known every where as The Standard Piano of the World Jesse French Piano & Organ Co. SOLE DISTRIBUTORS 2018 Second Avenue. Birmingham, Ala. J, H Holcombe. Manager. 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