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K. W. BAftKKTT.. I.dttor Entered at the Birmingham, Ala., post ttfflce aa second-class matter under act of Congress March 8. 1879. Dally and Sunday ,Age-Herald.$S.OO Dally and Sunday, per month.70 Sunday Age-Herald, per annum. 2.00 Weekly Age-Herald, per annum. 100 Subscription payable In advance. L. H. Russ and George D. Brittain are tha only authorised traveling representa tives of The Age-Herald in its circulation department. No communication will be published Without Its author’s name. Rejected man uscripts will not be returned unless ■tamps are enclosed for that purpose. Remittances can be made at current rate of exchange. The Age-Herald will not be responsible for money sent through the malls. Address THE AOE-HERALD, Birmingham, Ala. Eastern business office, rooms 48 to 50. Inclusive. Tribune building. New York City; western business office, Tribune building. Chicago. The S. C. Beckwith Special Agency, agents foreign advertis ing. Washington Bureau Age-Herald 1421 Q ■treet, N. W. The tailor stays thy leisure, To deck thy body with his rustling treasure. —Taming of the Shrew. Our Balance #f Trade. The excess of exports over imports In the calendar year 1905 was $148,000, 000. This Is not a record breaking mm, for In 1898 we had a favorable balance of $620,000,000. In the last seven years we have had an average annual balance tn our favor of just about $500,000,00. None of these fig tires include gold or silver, nor need they, because the exports of silver balance, as a rule, the imports of gold, each being about $20,000,000 a year. But if we had in 1905 a balance of trade in our favor amounting to $448, 000.000, why has not that amount of foreign gold come tumbling Into our laps? This is n question not readily answered. Some would have us believe that we have been paid off In Ameri can securities held abroad, but the best evidence does not sustain this theory, nor does It sustain the statement that we are increasing our Investments abroad. The Springfield Republican says we must look elsewhere for figures that will offset the trade balance. In the first place, Marcus Braun, American Immigrant inspector, says immigrants from Austria-Hungary alone sent home last year $50,000,000. What the im migrants from other countries sent Is but conjecture. The aggregate must have been large, if Mr. Braun's stale ment be correct, and he claims to speak from official figures. The Re publican adds other Items, as follows: "Undervaluation of Imports, due to iho desire to diminish payments of duty, twelve million—a very small estimate, we should say: overvaluation of exports, duo to goods being sold abroad Ht lower prices than those for which they are sold It home, which latter, of course, arc the prices stated to the government, fifty-live million; amounts sent abroad as returns on foreign investments, one hundred mil lion; expenditure of 170,000 American trav elers, at $600 each, one hundred and two million; freight on foreign vessels, thirty million. This foots up a total of two hun dred and ninety-nine million, leaving one hundred and sixty-seven million to lie ac counted for." If Mr. Braun be correct this differ ence can be accounted for by the sums sent by various classes of immigrants to Europe. While we are receiving one million of immigrants a year it Is almost certain that they send back a good deal of money. If three million of them send back fifty dollars apiece, the difference tn trade Is pretty well covered. It is believed, too. that our army of tourists expend in purchases and expenses more than $600 each. Man.' of them come from the ranks of the newly rich, and they scatter money with a free hand. Direct Action by the Pesple Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Florida, Arkansas, Virginia and South Carolina now have legally established primaries, and there is no desire among the people of any of these ■tates of a return to the convention system, and the Chicago Record Herald considers the alternate plan ol' the Alabama Btate executive commit tee as a further extension of the popu lar Idea. The primary system Is by no means confined to the south, for Massachu setts, New Jersey and Wisconsin now have primary laws. A wave of pri mary election reform is sweeping over the country, and the legislatures of New York and Pennsylvania are con sidering the adoption of compulsory primary iawB. Maryland and Ohio de sire direct voting also, and bills will h< presented In both states having th;f object In view. Legally established primaries, compulsory on all parties are the more popular, although some of the states will begin the work of re form by the use of voluntary prlraa ries. The Massachusetts law Is considered an excellent measure. Joint primaries !are held in that state. They are under (the Btipervislon of a board of election Commissioners. Nominations, or rather announcements, must be filed fourteen days before the election with the secretary of the city committee of the political party, and with the elec tion commissioners ten days before the primaries. Each party has its bal lot box, and the ballots must be printed on different colored paper. As the voter appears he states the party for whom he desires to vote, and Is given one of ils ballots. This he arranges to suit himself and then hands it to the clerk. When the votes are to be counted after the election the ballots cast for each party must be sorted into piles and credited to the party for whom they are cast. For Instance, as the republicans use blue paper, dem ocrat green, socialists red and tem perance yellow, they are easily dis tinguished. The returns are made to the election commissioner* and the city clerk. Birmingham at Night. Birmingham, lying on two ranges of hills, with a wide valley Intervening, covers a good many acres, even square miles, of territory, and yet In all that territory there are but 289 street lights. This Is not the propor tion that cities of similar extent and business and population employ. Dark streets are not good Invest ments. They do not pay because they decrease amusements, social con tact, educational influences, Rnd even church efforts. No one goes about In dark streets who can stay at home, while light streets promote the com fort and enjoyment of the people. The differences between dark streets and well-lighted streets is reflected at last in the value of property. Property In well lighted streets Is, as a rule, a rising quantity, while property on dark streets is as a rule unusaleable, except at falling prices. This may not always lie the case, but the close ob server knows that differences In light ing are pretty apt to lead to differences in values. Any policeman knows the value of lights in a street. Crime shuns the lighted streets to prey in dark streets. Every light is, In other words, a po liceman, so far as its rays go—a po liceman whose presence is to be avoid ed. Either we should largely increase the number of our policemen or our lights, and lights cost far less than policemen. The city should be made urignier from any point' of view. We cannot afford, in other words, to get along with 298 street lights In something over four thousand acres. Dark corners and reaches are too numerous. ( rime has too many advantages, and honest men cannot secure the enjoyment that well lighted streets afford in neighboring cities. Ceke Prsriuctisn. The coke of the country is pretty much made in Connellsvllle and In Alabama, and in West Virginia. Ala bama ranks next to Connellsvllle, but our production is only about 2,500,000 tons a year, while Connellsville’s out put in 1905 was 17,896,526 tons. The Immense ouipnt of Connellsvllle was produced in 30,842 ovens. Its average price was $2.26 a ton. thus making the product of (he Pennsylvania town In 1905 worth upwards of forty million dollars. This district has just about 10,000 ovens, and Its production of late has been as follows: Year. ' Tons. 1900. 2,119.917 ..2,180,626 ..2,210,735 !90'i . .. ..2,658,185 ..2,340,219 The figures for 1906 have not yet been compiled. Possibly the output will be ascertained to have been 2,700, 000 tons, but whether It goes that fig ure or not we are gravitating rapidly towards a production of three million tons of coke a year. Forest Preservation. Alfred UaRkill of the forest service of the department of agriculture will spend the month of February In Ala bama, where he will endeavor in public addresses to awaken an interest m forestry. He proposes to point out the forest riches of this state, and to show how they can be made to cover a long period of time by adopting the modern methods of forest preservation. One of the forest reforms he will advocate wil! he better protection against forest fires. The laws of this state need amendment in (hat respect. Underbrush and saplings should be carefully preserved, because they make tlie big timber of the next generation. The laws need amendment in that re 1 sped, and so does public sentiment. The firing of a forest between the months of April and October is an ol rense that should be severely pun ished in all states. Public sentiment should be edu •aled until even the small lumberman will respect saplings and undergrowth. Hig trees can be cut and marketed without killing the small trees, ami this is one of the things that Mr. Gas kill will preach when he comes to Alabama next month. Every young tree should be carefully preserved, for the big trees will not last over twenty years, find In thirty years a sapling becomes a merchantable tree. By good care the saplings can be made to double the life of our almost inestima ble yellow pine harvest. Mr. Gasklll will also, we hope, ex plain the value of gum trees. There Is a market today for the gum, and In the near future every tree of that species will be as valuable as ash, cot ton wood and oak are now. Alabama holds an immense quantity of gum trees, and not one of them should bo wasted, for all of them will be needed. All hope of good weather in Febru ary and March Is lost, at least In Ala bama, for the ground hog saw his shadow yesterday in every part of this unhappy slate. A steamer full of Russian soldiers returning home struck a floating mine and had a hole blowrn In her bottom. Wherever the Russian troops go they get Into trouble. John D. Rockefeller, Jr., Is unfor tunate in his figures of speecn. He should have blue-penci'ed all refer ence to human sponges for family reasons. A great many people can't under stand how Charles Lockhart left a for tune of Jiao,000,000, and yet he be longed to the Standard Oil combine. Just before leaving New York Miss Alice Roosevelt "picked tip" a gown for $800. If it had been marked $709 she might have bougnt it sooner. The platitudes of John D. Rockefel ler, Jr., are telegraphed all over the country, because his dad Is ahout to own It, bag and baggage. Mrs. Palmer will take a companion to Europe who will teach her how to play bridge. It Is presumed that there will be no stakes. Editor Graves’ blue-pencil lies idle. An Injunction keeps him from exercis ing his prerogatives as editor of the Atlanta News. It is rumored that certain women in high life do not want Colonel Mann again put on trial, and rumor is prob ably correct. The Algeciras conference may con clude to set the year round, so that it can meet Moroccan problems as they arise. Chairman Shonts is kept busy re ceiving his two salaries and placing them w here they will do him the most good St. Valentine's day is due in less tnan two weeks. The year's output of slushy verse is already on the market. It seems that Packer Swift is also afflicted with a weak memory, and yet he is quite a successful business man. Mr. Cleveland cannot live in Los Angeles and fully and promptly dts i charge the duties of his $12,000 office. King Christian was a man who at tended strictly to his own business, including a hunt for son in-laws. In the year 1905 137,05a persons died in New York, and it Is presumed that some of them went to heaven. The new British premier is a Scotch man with a big fortune, and lie cannot be easily driven out of office. The Standard Oil is too much even for the New Jersey appetite, and that state threatens to unload it. Samson was strong while his hair remained, but Nick Ijongworth is all right, hair or no hair. As soon as Jppan has assimilated Corea Bhe will begin to look towards the Philippines. An ex-president may become an humorist at any rate, and that is something. Congressman Longworth Is kept busy serving his district and the sun of his life. Chemical agents no more produce life than Tesla does feasible electrical devices. Thp Hamilton accounts should be turned over to the Indignant policy holders. Nick Longworth Is a fiddler, but h.) does not, at any rate, write spring poetry Bridegroom Mtzener is 119 years old, but the age of the bride Ih not stated. Bx-Premier Balfour will forget de feat when the golfing season Is opened. The daffodils and the blue birds nre not so sure today that spring has come. Boston has a mayor who waltzes. That is not as bad as grafting. Algeciras wants to know how Kats ull can be properly policed. Before bringing a libel suit be sure It is not loaded. Japan Is already swelling up. ANOTHER JOLT FOR POULTNEY. From the Nashville American. Poultney Bigelow lius received another punch In the short ribs—this time from Governor Magoon. Whatever may be the conditions at Panama It Is evideht that Bigelow had nu opportunity for ob» rv lng them. REFLECTIONS OF A BACHELOR. From the New York Press There is very little real need of noise for anything hut boat whistles and argu ments. Maybe women are such poor mathema ticians from force of babit at figuring their agv the way they do. If a man made as much money as his wife tells her friends he does, he would owe twice as much as he does. What R girl likes about going to mat inees is the different ideas she gets of all the ways she ought to be made love to. Whether a woman wants to trust a man depends not on how much he is to be trusted, but on how much she likes him. IN HOTEL LOBBIES "The effects of the new union station." said 8. W. Slaton yesterday, "are be ing felt in advance. The Thompson house on Third avenue Is to be refitted and opened as a modern 'hotel, and possibly the Eagle hotel on Second avenue, will yet regain Its old position. "When the Eagle hotel was built it was not only considered very fine, but It was supposed to be the coming center of the coming city. The whiligig of time is bringing its revenges, and the fore sight of the projectors of the Eagle may yet be vindicated. "VVe have not yet appreciated me effects of the new union station, simply because ground 'has not yet been broken for it. but as It goes up first one person and then another will see what it means in Birmingham’s upward career." Better Plays. ‘Birmingham is having a much better line of attractions at the theatres now than earlier in the season," said a thea tregoer last night. "I was looking over the plays which are to come and we are scheduled to see a number of good actors and good plays. "The yellow jack prevented many of the best shows from coming south earlier In the season, but now all of those who usually come south each season are headed this way." Birmingham Dusty. "I have never seen Birmingham as ; dusty as It is now," said John T. Yeat j man yesterday. "It seems to me that the I dust is deeper and that the wind blows it around more than ever before. It takes very little to raise a cloud of dust now on nearly any street in the city. "This dust is hard on the merchants who handle stocks which are injured by dust and dirt. It blows Into the dry goods stores every time a dbbr is opened. "It seems to me that if the streets were sprinkled two or threo time a day It would be a great relief to every one. The merchants would welcome anything that would keep the dust down, and J I am sure that pedestrians and drivers would be glad to see the streets sprinkled. I do not think that the cost would be very much when the convenience and pleasure of the public is considered." Business Was Good. "My reports for the past year showed a nice increase in business over me pre vious year,” said E. T. Wilcox, division freight agent of the Frisco system, yes terday. “The freight business at present is very satisfactory. In fact Just as much busi ness as can be handled Is offered and the only trouble the railroads are hav ing is in taking care of what is offered. “Large amounts of additional equip ment have been secured by all the rail roads since last year, but the business is so large that practically all the roads are short of equipment of one kind or another.” Eggs and Other Produce. The cool snap was a God send to the country folks and the produce commis sion merchants as well as to clothiers, milliners and dry goods firms In gen eral. ; The warm, spring-like weather of Jan uary caused a slump in the prices of perishable produce and fresh eggs wrcre selling, wholesale, at 17 cents to 18 cents, as against 30 cents a year ago. Cold storage eggs—the best of them—have been down to 10 cents and are now quoted at only 12'/a cents. I'anally the wholesale price of cold storage eggs is only from one to two cents below the fresh article, but unseasonable weather accentuated the difference In market value between the two grades. The fact is cold storage eggs .sold -this week at the redlculously small price of 3la cents a dozen. But the quality of egg* that can be bought at 3!'2 cents must he regarded with sus picion. Such eggs should call for the Inspection of a health officer. But reverting tq the cool spell of weath er, fresh eggs will sell this morning for 20 cents a dozen. There Is no signed agreement but the understanding between commission merchants is that 20 cents will be the price at which the hen output will be offered. Poultry is in good demand at the follow ing prices: Frying chickens, 20 to 35 cents; common hens. 36 to 45 cents; largo Tennessee and Missouri hens, 46 to 55 cents. The market is well supplied with poultry but there seems to be danger of an overstock. Of winter vegetables Irish potatoes are in greatest demand, with cabbage as a good second. Ten or eleven carloads of potatoes and six carloads of cabbage a week are required to supply the Birmingham market. The price of Irish potatoes is 96 cents to $1 a bushel; sweet potatoes, 86 to 90 cents a bushel; cabbage, 2 cents a pound. Onions are also in brisk demand Rt 2*/a cents a pound. "The produce trade In Birmingham is brisk and satisfactory in every respect," said L. A. Townley yesterday. "I have been In business here for many years and never in my day has the volume of trade been so large as the merchants have found It this season. The increase in the produce trade is one of the many evi dences of the solid growth of Birming ham. X*ot only la the produce business much larger than in former years, but collections are easier; in fact collections could not well be better." Detective Surprised. "The city hall and county court house, compared to many I have seen, are like palaces." said Detective T. J. Hunn of Memphis, yesterday. "To say 1 was sur prised. is putting it mildly. I have heard much concerning Birmingham, but never believed it to be the city It Is. I had in mind a dirty little city, whose chief pride was. perhaps, a manufacturing district. To see the clean streets, the magnificent street car system and the large depart ment stores really amazed me. You have a great city here and can Justly be proud of it. "This, my first visit to Birmingham, has been most enjoyable in more ways than one. 1 have been treated royally by every one with whom 1 have come in contact and I shall always remember my trip to the Magic City. My only regret is that my visit Is or so short duration." About Persons. Mr. an»l Mrs. Robert Strong and daugh ter of Mobile, are at the Hillman. • • • • Walter Aphford of Montgomery, is at the Hillman. • * • Louis F. Fcehheimer and A. N. Rosen thal of Louisville, ate registered at the St. Nicholas. • • • James Kennedy and John B. Tuthill of Kansas City, are registered at the Colonial. • • • S. T. Walker of Selma, is at the Mor ris. ■ • • • J. G. Oakley of Centrevllle, is at the Morris. • • • W. K. McNeil of Louisville, is at the Morris. * • * • Mr. and Mrs. J. M. Miller and son of Cordova, are registered at the Morris. • * • W. F. Warren of Montgomery, is at the Morris. • • ■ Louis P. Ashland of Anniston, is at the Metropolitan. • * * Scott Anderson of Talladega, is at the Metropolitan. • * • Charles Iv. FY>x of Decatur, is at the Metropolitan. • • * R. P. Otis of Mobile, is at the Bir mingham. • • * J. G. Hauftmyer of Yolande, is at the Birmingham. • • • James L. Landman. Jr., of Huntsville, Is at the Birmingham. * • • J. G. Fowler of Attalla, is at the Bir mingham. • * * C. W. Williams of Montgomery, is at the Birmingham. • • • S. W. Johnston of Attalla, Is at the St. Nicholas. • • • Scott Cavenna of Thorsby, is at the St. Nicholas. • • • C. W. Scott of 8t. Louis, is registered at the St. Nicholas. STATE POLITICS Andalusia News: Both of Alabamans United States senators have announced for re-election. Covington county people ! are generally satisfied with the services of these gentlemen. West Alabama Breeze: Senators Mor gan and Pettus both have announced themselves candidates 'or re-election. The other boys will now go way back and sit down and keep very quiet. Russellville Times: The two associate justices of the supreme court to be re elected next November are Dowdell and Tyson, or successors to them. It is sup posed taht Uiey will have no opposition. Jasper Mountain Eagle: Both Senator John T. Morgan and Senator E. W. Pet tus have announced for re-election to the United States Senate. It looks os if they will have no opposition. There are quite a number of gentlemen who will be in the race to succeed them if either or both should di?, or a vacancy should otherwise be created. None seem to have the backbone to measure swords with i them by entering the contest for senator j direct. Tuscaloosa Times-Gazette: The an- ; nouncement made by Senator Morgan and ! Senator Pettus gives great satisfaction, i ! Nobody could naye beaten these two old war horses, of course. In fact, we | haven’t heard of anybody who wanted I to beat them, but there was a rumor to | the effect that one or the other might I not run. This is set at rest now and | Alabama will return her "grand old men ’ I to the Senate Just as long as the Lord ! se<js good to let them stay with us. | Gadsden Times-News: Senators Mor I gan and Pettus have formally announced I that they would be candidates for the I office they are now holding. Since it Is I likely that they will have no opposition there Is no sort of doubt of their re-elec tion. In their announcements the vet eran senators simply declare themselves candidates. There will be numerous can didates for the senatorial succession In the event either Mr. Jettns or Mr. Mor gan fail to serve out their terms for which they will be nominated, and these candidates will enter the same primary as Morgan and Pettus. An expression of preference In the primary will control the Governor In making senatorial ap pointments during the legislative Interval of 190B-10. If lH said b>' some that there will be ten candidates in this race to succeed the present senators, either one ■or both. In the event one or both of them should die or for any other reason fail to serve out their full terms. ALABAMA PRESS Cordova News: We have learned that bald-headed men are very popular in Washington. ' Andalusia Times: If the present cam paign in Alabama Is not of the strenuous Older, It will not be for lack of candi dates. * Greenville Living Truth: Sir Henry Irving has left out his modest fortune an ample annuity for his valet. It Is sale to say that there is now at least one I man who is a hero with his valet. ! DeKalb Record: It has been a long time since Alabama politicians have had a lcok-in at a senatorial race, hut now that they have the opportunity many aie grooming them selves. A fjill dozen will probably try to be substitutes. A STRONG QUALIFICATION. From the Washington Post. A number of delegations from Alabama came here a short time ago to attend the rivers and harbors convention. The Ala bamians had a meeting In the Arlington hotel. It finally turned into a discussion of various members of the party. "Now. there's the Judge." said one. "He's the flower of our party, suh. He's a most talented lawyer, a knight sans fear and sans reproach, sun; a leader of ouah bar and the pride or ouah section fob many miles around. He Is an author ity on literature, suh; on aht, suh; on music, suh; and possesses all those trAits that go to make the southern gentleman tile greatest in tills land, auh. ■You are right, Colonel," said another, •■■[ agree with you in this pohtraya! of tlie Judge's merits, and I may say. suh, that he possesses one crowning attribute you have overlooked, quite unintention ally, l am suah. I. *uh, consider Uie Judge the best seven-up player in ouali delegation, suh." THE JUVENILE SENATORS. From the Boston Ulojie. Senators Morgan and Pettus of Alabama have both announced that they will he candidates for tlie Senate, to succeed themselves, although General Pettus, when his term expires in 1»9, will be 87, ami Senator Morgan, when his term ex pires In 1907. will be s;. However, a man is as young as lie feels, and both of the gentlemen from Alabama give daily in dications that they feel quite juvenile. COMMENTS ON MEN AND MATTERS OF THE TIMES \ /55\ IL,LIAM H CRANE, who played f at the Jefferson theatre last Wr night, Is one of the most popu lar actors on the American stage. In fact, it is said that no other member of the profession has more friends among the famous public men of the country than he and none receives a more cordial welcome in Washington. Mr. Crane is a lovable, companionable man, fond of anecdote and reminiscence and one of the most entertaining talkers imaginable. He has a rich fund of stories and is a man of wide information. The human qualities of Mr. Crane, like those of the lamented Joseph Jefferson, have endeared him to thousands of theatregoers in the United States. A Mobile man fell eighty-five feet and then walked around. He could get a good salary for doing that. The railroads will not be permitted to ‘‘kick” cars across the street crossings of Birmingham. That is about the only kind of kicking that the railroads have been able to do since the public has been riding on trains. SUNSHINE. Sun keeps on a-shining. Old world’s full of lifl’iit; Sunshine in your heart, dear, Makes a dark day bright. Christian of Denmark was a king 41 years and left only $250,000. He would have made a good Insurance president. ‘ Kid" McCoy has invested $300, ut a) in an apartment house. The era of the million aire pugilist is not far distant. BEWARE. Needles and pins. Needles and pins; When a man marries Tt may mean twins. The Administration has announced that Reed Smoot can hold his seat in the Sen- | ate in return for voting with the White i House and irate American mothers might | as well turn their attention to something ( more profitable. The first photographs of the canals on Mars have just been taken. would like to see the picture of just one real canal In Panama. SPOONING TIME. At evening when the sun is low And nature falls to sleep: When little children tire of play And sink in slumber deep. ’Tis pleasant then to take a walk And In a city park Remark to her whom you would press, "I’m glad it’s getting dark." The plaintive notes of a barrel organ came floating down the street. A sturdy son of Italy was turning the crank and a monkey skipped about in pathetic eager ness to please his master. People smiled at the last representative of the wan dering minstrel who was once welcomed In feudal halls and made a place for him self in literature. "The man who laughs last may laugh best," remarked Colonel Biff, "but it fre quently happens that the person he w'ants to hear him laugh is nowhere ariund and laughing doesn't do him much good.’* THEY aLL DIE. Lives of rich men All remind us That we must leave Wealth behind us. Grown people are much like children after all. Theatregoers here are carelese about reaching the theatre promptly. It is a common occurrence for late arrivals to interrupt the first act and keep the audience in confusion sometimes for twen ty minutes after the curtain lias gone up, but let the performance be delayed a few minutes after they have been seated and they wax Impatient. They clap their hands and stamp on the floor and squirm in their seats. A dose of their own medi cine is not palatable. * Tne owner of Sysonby refused $300,000 for the horse. The thoroughbred need feel no alarm. No automobile is worth $200, UMp, or ever will be. ST. VALENTINE’S DAY. No. Lizzie, dear, your blunder is In fact without excuse. Of course the day was not named for The man who makes beef juice. An Indiana man who was divorced, mar ried and arrested for desertion In ou« week could not be called a sluggard, even if he is wicked. MR. CLEVELAND. He s^t upon the lid until The lid got rather warm. And then he longed to move because The job bad lost its charm. It is a poor man who won't tread on truth tor the sake of his home town. A contemporary has an editorial on "Hogs Jn Winter,' which reminds u* that the end-seat hog will come back again next summer, along with the file* and mosquitoes. When State Senator Toney of Arkansan was arrested for booldlng he must havn remarked, "What’s in a name?" ALAS, THERE IS. We’d feel so good We'd almost hurst If there was no Day called "the first." It is reported that John D. Rockefeller hopes for a grandson. A great many young men would like to he a grandson to him, for his grandson, if he ever han one, will Inherit the Stni^lard OH million*. DISINFECTING KISSES. Have your kisses Pasteurized, Then microbes can Be dtsplsed. But If you don’t Like that plan You are none the Less a man. All this talk of Germs and things Doesn’t keep en Oagement rings From appearing Every day On hands In the Same old way. PAUL COOK. JAMES CREELMAN ON A SCHOOL OF JOURNALISM From M. A. P., In America. I \MES CREELMAN, the famous [Cij I war correspondent and editor, (in 1* the first issue of the new maga zine, M. A. P. in America), discusses the question of a "School of Journalism." Mr. Creelman’s thirty years of active ser vice in connection with the foremost news papers of America mrfkes his opinions on this question of interest to every news paper writer in America. "The School of Journalism idea is good enough in itself,” he says, "but no school can plant moral ! sense In a man: no school can give a man j imagination, hut. assuming that a man has the natural capacity and aptitude which journalism requires, it is quite certain that a thorough academic training along well defined lines will sharpen his facul ties, systematize his knowledge, steady his ethical perceptions, ripen and enrich ( his vocabulary and bring him to journal- i Ism better equipped than his prepara tion were left to haphazard." "Of course." eontlnues Mr. Creelman, "no school can teach a man how to get news; how to weigh it out; how to ex press It; how to hold the public interest and the public confidence at the same time, for interest and confidence are not the same thing. There are some things about newspaper work which no amount! of abstract teaching can express and even t'he most successful editors differ seriously on many points. But there are some i things which a school of journalism can ; do. It can impress upon a fresh mind, as yet unspoiled by the fierce conten- j tions of journalistic competitions, sound standards that will assist in moments of great stress and temptation to determine whether under particular conditions an editor should lead or follow puM.u opin ion: whether he should stfle 'his own convictions for .the sake, of a greater circulation or whether he should sacrifice circulation profits for the <.*•’■ of civic righteousness." In another part of the article Mr. C.reei man says: “T believe that newspaper men political questions. They should be taught to distinguish at a glance the difference between a first class and a second class public question. They should know the histories of countries, institutions, and individuals. They should especially know biography. They should Know' something of divinity, something of theology, some thing of medicine. They should know much hygiene." As to w'ether the journalism of today is a good school for young men. Mr. j Creehnan says: “Yes. and No. if a young man has a strong character, it lie can stand rough knocks against sharp corners if he can confront glamniorcd evil without, having his moral fibre destroyed, if he can see the seamy side of life without becoming harde ned and cynical. I should say tluit journalism is a splendid school but tiie young man who enters journalism | should never wholly surrender himself j to it. Tie should always keep a citadel in his breast to which he can retire from the shrieking demagogy, the low buffoon ery. the cheap vulgarity or the pharasee ism which front time to time seizes upon the newspaper press. He should not have to rely upon the newspaper atmosphere to build up his conscience * * * the weak young man goes Into a gate of ruin when he goes Into a newspaper office. He becomes old at thirty, morally sends at forty—white hairs find him in his grave or miserable exile.” OLD CLERK DEAD. From the New York Sun. The veritable "oldest clerk” In the pub lic service in Washington died recently The vicissitudes and uncertainties of po litical life, where few die and non© re sign, are illustrated in the long record of his fidelity and endurance. Hugh Tuohy was born in Ireland in the Coun ty (Mare in 1817, and was 89 years of age at the time of his death. He received a fine education in the old country, was graduated from Maynooth university in 1^39, came to the United States in 1841, and upon his arrival in Washington ac cepted a professorship in classics in the collegiate department of Georgetown uni versity. In 1862 he entered the office of the third auidtor of the treasury depart ment as a clerk. He had been there since, a period of forty-four years of official service. Mr. Tuohy had resided continu ously in Washington for forty-four years. At one time he was a teacher of the boys in the marine barracks. These boys en ter the naval service to become drum mers, flfers and buglers. Mr. Tuohy was not only an old but ha i was also a sturdy Irishman. It is re ported of him that he invariably wore a high silk hat, that he always had a ready fund of wit and was noted as a story teller. These qualities are not usually considered as distinctive of United States treasury clerks, but in Mr. Tuohy's case they may have assured his retention through several administrations. At least they did not exclude him from the place he held in the treasury department for forty-four years. ' REUNITED. From the New York World. It is to be regretted that all the citizens o. the Union south of Mason and Dixon's line could not have seen the impressive military pageant which made Gen. Jo seph Wheeler's fmieyil yesterday a beau tiful nnd memorable spectacle. If they could have seen the flag-draped casket on the gun carriage, the escort of Spanish war veterans, national guards men. artillerymen and khaki clad regu lars,*who are neither northern nor south ern, but American—If they could havs seen the orderly lints of people as nuhn erous as the total population of Atlanta bare their heads as the slow line moved past. It would have been a revelation of northern sentiment to some of our south ern friends. DIGGING DID IT. From the New York American. Passenger trains are now running through the Simplon tunnel, a twelve mile hole through the Alps. The work was done by digging and digging and digging, not by digging and charging graft and investigating. THE SIGNAL. By Sam Hamilton Birched. A little, lonely, wistful chap Looks out at dusk for me; The lamplight shines behind his head l see him wave to me. He smiles when I wave back to him Through evening mist and rain; I'm glad the boy t used to be Remembers me again.