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THE BIRMINGHAM AGE-HERALD.
VOL. 35 BIRMINGHAM, ALABAMA. THURSDAY, MARCH 15, 1900. 12 PAGES NO. 317 COULDN'T HELP "-•viii. . i : ~ ~ • i Women Worn Trousers and Were Indistinguishable Dur ing the Close Fiflitin| CHILDREN WERE USED AC SHIELDS DURING BATTLE Roosevelt Again Commends Troops and Says the Men Have Performed a Gallant and Sol dierly Feat. « - Washington. ivfarch 14.—A cablegram from General Wood .regarding criticisms of the recent battle of Mount Dajo, on the Island of Jolo, together with corre spondence between the President and Secretary Taft on the subject, were made public today. General Wood's cablegram was in answer to one sent at the direc tion of Secretary Taft, who called at tention to the criticisms of “wanton slaughter of Moros," and asked him to send all the particulars. General Wood’s reply denies that there was any wanton killing, and said a con siderable number of women and children were killed In the fight because they were actually In the works when the assault was made; that Moro women wore trousers, and that children were used as shields. The reply was sent by Secre- : tary Taft to the President, with a note in which the secretary says that General . Wood seems to him to have shown most clearly the unfortunate loss of life was wholly unavoidable, to which the Presi- , dent replied that General Wood’s answer j Is “of course entirely satisfactory.’’ Secretary Taft's comumnication to President Roosevelt Is as follows: Taft Writes the President. "War Department, "Washington. March 13, 19U6. "My Dear Mr. President: "The account of the engagement on Mount Dajo, on the Island of Jolo, be tween our forces and a large band of Moro robbers, In which the fighting lasted for three or four days, showed such a large loss among the Moros as to give rise on the part of the public press to the criti cism that there had been a wanton de struction by our troops of Moro lives, Including those of women and children. Inquiries were made of me by members of the Senate and House of Representa tives In respect to the matter. Accord ingly. I yesterday directed that the fol lowing telegram be sent to General Wood: •' 'It is charged that there was a wan ton slaughter of Moros, men, women and children, in the fight in Jolo at Mount Dajo. I wish you would send me at once all the particulars in respect to this mat ter, stating exact facts.’ "General Wood’s answer came today. It seems to show to me most clearly that the unfortunate loss of life of the men, women and children among the Moros was wholly unavoidable, in view of their deliberate use of their women and chil dren in actual battle, and tbeir fanatical and savage desire that their women and children should perish with them if defeat ■were to come. They seem to have ex hibited in their fight the well known treachery of the uncivilized Mohammedan when wounded of attempting to kill those approaching for the purpose of giving aid and relief. General Wood’s dispatch Is as follows: " 'The Military Secretary, Washington: Woods Sends Particulars. “In ^answer to ,the Secretary of War’s request for Information, March 12, I was present throughout practically entire ac tion and Inspected the scene after action was finished. Am convinced no man, woman or child was wantonly killed. A considerable number of women and child ren were killed in the fight—number un known—for the reason that they were actually in the works when the crater was assaulted and were unavoidably killed in the fierce hand-to-hand fighting which took place in the narrow enclosed place. Moro women wore trousers and were dressed and armed much like the men, and fought with them. The children were in many cases used by the men as shields while charging the troops. These Incidents are much to be regretted, but It must be understood that the Moros, one and all, were fighting not only as enemies but religious fanatics, believing paradise to be their immediate reward if killed in action with Christians. They apparently desired that none be saved. Some of our men, one a hospital steward, were cut up while giving assistance to wounded Moros, by the wounded, and by those feigning death,' for the purpose of get ting this vengeance. I personally ordered assistance given wounded Moros, and that food and water should be sent to them, and medical attendance. In addition friendly Moros were at once directed to proceed to Mountain, for this purpose. I do not believe that in this or any other fight any American soldier wantonly killed a Moro woman or child, or that he ever did it except unavoidably In close action. Action was most desperate and was impossible for men fighting literally for their lives in close quarters to dis tinguish who would be injured by fire. In all action against Moros we have begged Moros again and again to fight as men and keep women and children out of it. I assume entire responsibility for ac tion of the troops in every particular, and If any evidence develops in any way bearing out the charges, will act at once. “ -WOOD.’ “Very sincerely, WILLIAM H. TAFT.” The President's reply follows: The President's Reply. “The White House, Washington, March 14: “My Dear Mr. Secretary:—I have re ceived your letter of March 13. with acompanying cable of General Wood an swering your inquiry as to the alleged wanton slaughter of Motof. This answer is of course entirely satisfactory. The officers and enlisted men under General Wood’s command have performed a most gallant and soldierly feat in a way that confers added credit on the American army. They are entitled to the heartiest «4mir&tion and praise of all those of SOUTHERN PIG IRON. IS MORE IRREGULAR $13.75 Birmingham for No. 2 Openly Named CONSUMPTION IS HEAVY Requirements for ^t./s''.tural Material Are Especially in All Parts of the ^V* —Weekly r/ ■$"? Market. ft CleveK O ^ , March 14.—(Special.)— The ) *de Review tomorrow will say: Altho in some centers there is a ! diminution In orders for finished ma- j terials, this condition is exceptional, and nearly everywhere business is brisk and mills are unable to keep up with'the specifications. In pig iron the market is somewhat irregular, especially in'the south. The increased probability of the strike of coal miners is causing heavy buyhig 4 of coke. The Improved demand for south- , ern iron has brought out lower quotations and $13.75, Birmingham, for No. 2 is now openly named, while 25 cents lower has , been done. There is, however, much in j favor of the buyer, as stocks are low, consumption continues at a heavy rate, 4 the car supply is iregular and the strike is not to be ignored in the north. Prices of foundry iron .are firm, although there is some weakness in Southern °hio. The American Bridge company closed orders for about 10.000 tons of material during tlie week, among the contracts being one for 3200 tons for a Chicago of fice buflding. Active preparations are be ing made for extensive building operations in all parts of the country. Large con sumers came into the market a few' days ago in Chicago and placed orders ag gregating from 4000 to 6000 tons for liar iron at- $82 to $33 per ton, but the market in that city has since advanced. T he demand for bar iron is irregular and little is being sold at more than $34. Production Slightly Curtailed. New' York, March 14.—The Iron Age will say tomorrow: Statistically the pig iron industry re mains in very good shape, with produc tion slightly curtailed and stocks ap parently still declining. The capacity or the furnaces in blast on March 1 was 479. 737 gross tons per week, as compared with 482,156 tons per week on Februarj 1. Dur ing February the furnaces of the steel companies did not produce as heavily as expected, making 1,216,760 tons, while the merchant furnaces produced 677,272 tons. The production in February, a short month, was 1,894,032 tons, as compared with 2,068,893 tons in January, the record month. Partial reports indicate that stocks are still falling off slightly In the northern districts. Full returns from the mer chant furnaces of Alabama, Virginia, Tennessee and Georgia show that stocks on hand which amounted to 144,852 tons on Jan. 1, 1906. fell to 110,066 tons on Feb. 1. and 102,361 tons on March 1. The south ern companies made every effort to ship iron prior to March 1, when the advance In freight rates went Into effect. The uncertainties as to fuel supply are having considerable effect on the pig iron markets. A strike in the anthracite re gions does not usually seriously curtail the output of pig iron. Our records show that during the five months anthracite coal strike of 1902, the production of pig iron in the Scuyl kill, Lehigh, Lebanon and Susquehanna valleys and In New Jersey averages a monthly curtailment of roughly 20,000 tons, which would not very seriously dis turb the industry. Current business in pig iron is limited to early requirements and there is a steady flow of moderate-steed orders which are encouraged by the talk of possible strikes among the coal miners. Rail Trade Is Good, In the rail trade some very good In quiries have again appeared. This in cludes 30,000 for a trans-eontlnental line, 13.000 from another and 3000 tons from the Guayaquil and Quito road. Among the orders placed during the last few days. Is 10.000 tons for the Pere Marquette, and 9.000 tons for the Missouri, Kansas and Texas, carrying the orders for that line to about 32.000 tons. The requirements for trolley lines continue exceedingly heavy. Requirements for structural material are still very heavy and promise to come out in further quantities. During the first half of the month the leading Interests hooked 18,000 tons and other mills are taking large quantities. Bars have weak ened further east and west, and there are reports that 31.50, Pittsburg, has been done for the good Iron bars. In the cast Iron pipe Industry some pretty good con tracts are being placed and some large ones are in sight. UPRISING NOT FEARED. Marshal Darrough Says the Indian Troubles Have Been Exaggerated. Vinita, I. T., March 14.—Marshal W. H. Darrough reached Vinita this after noon from Spavinaw, and said the re ports of the trouble with the Cherokee Indians had been exaggerated. Dar rough arrested fifteen full blood In dians on the charge of harboring and assisting the Wickliffe boys. These Indians were brought to Vinita late today and will be lodgpd in the terri tory federal jail. The Wickliffes had not been encountered when Darrough left Spavinaw early today. Marshal Darrough said that while the Indians were favorable to the Wickliffes, there was no danger of an uprising. A battle is expected with the Wickliffes before they are cap tured. While at Spavinaw Darrough and i his men ascertained the general direc I iion taken by the Wickliffes, and says the officers took the trail and will stay with it until the men are found. Marshal Darrough will remain in Vinita and direct the general move ments of the officers from here. their fellow-citizens who are glad to see the honor of the flag upheld by the courage of the men weiring the Amer ican uniform. Sincerely yours. "THEODORE ROOSEVELT." NELSON WINS IN LAMERINC MILL fighters Hissed and Hooted by Quaker City Sports TOO MUCH CLINCHING DONE Both Nelson and McGovern Were On Their Feet at the End, But Terry Was About All In. Philadelphia. March 14.—“Battling" Nelson had the advantage of Terry Mc Govern In their six-round bout which took place at the National Athletic club tonight. Fof the first three rounds the fight was a disappointment to the 5000 persons who had paid fancy prices to witness the bout. There were scarcely half a dozen solid blows struck, the men wrestling from one end Of the ring to the other with the referee powerless to separate them. It had been agreed that the referee was not to lay his hands on the men, but simply warn them to step back when they rushed to a clinch. The reparated warn ings had no effect on the fighters, and the crowd hissed, groaned and cried: “Fake!” and “Take them out of the ring.” At the beginning of the fourth round the men began to fight as though the;: mean business. Nelson kepi right after McGovern and used a straight left to advantage McGovern frequently count ered with hard lefts and rights, but his blows, while they appeared to have great force behind them, failed to make any impression on the sturdy Dane. McGovern In Distress. At the close of the fifth round McGov ern went to Ills corner In distress. When the men came up for the final round, Nelson sent a left to the jaw and Mc Govern rushed to a clinch. His seconds sried “Hold on, Terry, hold on!” and never were instructions carried out more thoroughly. Every time that Nelson would land a stiff blow McGov ern would grab him around the body and Jiang on until Nelson would throw him off by sheer fotmo.- It Is doubtful If McGov | ern could have stood the gruelling for an other round. There was some rough work In the early rounds by the Dane. He frequently used his right elbow and bored in on Mc Govern repeatedly with his head. Nel son deserved the decision, but as no decis ions are rendered when both men are on their feet, the fight Is classed as a draw Neither man was knocked down during the fight, but McGovern slipped to the floor In the fifth round while trying to escape from the Dane. Fighters Enter Ring. McGovern entered the ring at 10:05. He was given a tremendous ovation. His seconds were Hughey McGovern, Joe Humphries, John Burdick, Samuel Har ris and Terry Dee. Nelson came on at about the same time, followed by his manager. Billy No lan; Kid Abell, Eddie Kelly, Johnny Dof tus and Jimmy Gardner, his seconds. The cheering for the Dane had scarcely ceased when the scales were brought Into the ring and the weighing in was done In full view of the spectators. Their exact weights were not announced, but both were about 133 pounds. After the flash light photograph had been takern of the two men, the referee called the men to the center of the ring and gave them Instructions. A moment later the fight was on. Clinch In First Round. Hound 1—Nelson missed a left and both clinched. It was twenty seconds be fore they separated. The crowd hissed and Nelson lead with left to heart. Again they clinched and the referee w'arned Mc Govern for holding. There was another clinch and McGovern sent a hard left to the head. They were clinched at the bell, and as they went to their corners there was nothing but hisses. Round 2—McGovern missed a left for the wind and then they again began to wrestle. McGovern led left to wind and followed with a left and right to the head. They rushed to a clinch and then McGovern drove a right to the head which jarred the ••Battler.” Nelson was cautioned for using his shoulder. Nelson missed a straight left and again they clinched. The boys did not move six feet from the center of the ring, and were still clinched at the bell. Groans and hisses greeted the men as they went to their corners. Round 3—McGovern tried left to wind twice, but was blocked in both attempts. They clinched and the referee could not get them to break. Nelson drove two lefts to face, and there was the same old clinch. McGovern drove a left to the jaw and missed a hard right. McGovern upper-cut with a hard right and then sent a right to the jaw. Nelson sent a left to the head and ducked a vicious left. Nel son then sent another left to the face and the men were clinched at the gong. Round 4—McGovern swung wild with his right, but drove a left to the wind. Nel son sent a light left to face and Mc Govern missed a swing for the jaw. Nel son sent a hard left and a right to the jaw. and McGovern was weak as he went to his corner. It was the first round in which there was any real fighting. McGovern Refuses to Break. Round 5.—McGovern sent a left to the head and Nelson countered with a left to the wind. Nelson sent a light left to the stomach. McGovern rushed to a clinch and refused to break when ordered by the referee. McGovern sent three lefts to the face, but the blows did not have any apparent effect on Nelson. When they broke Nelson drove a terrific right to Mc Govern’s jaw. which made the Brooklyn boy wobble. They clinched again, and as they broke away the bell rang. Round 6.—Nelson missed a right swing and they rutfhed to a clinch. McGovern missed a right for the wind and then sent a right upper-cut to the wind. Nel son sent a light left to the face and then missed a terrific right for McGov ern’s chin. Nelson drove McGovern Into a neutral corner, and here landed two hard blows on the wind. McGovern was almost out when the gong sounded. It was Nelson's fight. Great Interest In Bout. I Not In the history of pugilism in this | city was there so great a demand for PLOT HATCHED TO KILL DR. PARKHURST New York. March 14.—An alleged plot to assassinate the Rev. Dr. Charles H. Parkhurst, following the recent munici pal election in this city, inspired it is asserted by a police official and In re venge for raids made on certain places by agents of the Society for the Prevention of Crime, known also as the Parkhurst Society, was revealed today when District Attorney Jerome summoned In John Doe proceedings acting Captain John H. Shells of the West 100th, Street Police station; John Phelan, a plainclothes po liceman and two civilians, Richard Wil- ! son and U. Rogers. A hearing will be held tomorrow' after noon before Magistrate Wahle in the Tombs police court and the witnesses summoned today will be asked to tell what they know of the alleged plot. P.ogers one of the witnesses, and a man named Kelley, were employed during the last campaign by the Citizens' Union. A few days after the election Rogers told Kelley it is alleged, of the plot to murder Dr. Parkhurst. According to state ments already made Rogers said he was approached by a policeman and asked If he would take the task of killing Dr. Parkhurst. It is declared that the policeman said a police official would pay $500 for the work and Rogers asked Kelley if he was will ing to go into the scheme, taking for his part $200. while he. Rogers, would get the remainder of the sum. It Is further alleged that Rogers saw this police official and talked the matter over with him at length, but finally came to the conclusion that he would not resort to murder. “I will beat him.” Rogers is alleged to have said to the official, “but I wont kill him.” According to the statement said to be in the possession of the district attorney and counsel of the Society for the Prevention of Crime, the police official insisted that Dr. Parkhurst he put out of the way. Then it was that Rogers became afraid and put the matter before Richard Wil son, a 22-year-old dlerk. It is further al leged that Wilson saw the official and had an Interview with him but that Dr. Parkhurst's name wns not mentioned. What developed after these interviews with the police official, has not been learned. At that time Parkhurst w?as In Europe for his usual vacation, and did not return to this city until fall. After Kelley had heard of the plot he went to Dr. Parkhurst and repeated all that had been told him. Following this Wilson and Rogers were continually shad owed by detectives. As a result of the Parkhurst raids, a police official was dismissed from the force, but later was reinstated. Acting Captain of Police Slieils who was summoned by Mr. Jerome to appear at the hearing tomorrow, emphatically denied tonight all knowledge of the al leged plot to kill Dr. Parkhurst. MINORITY REPORTS ON PURE FOOD BILL CLAIMS THE FEDERAL GOVERN MENT HAS NO RIGHT TO TAKE POWER WHICH PROPERLY BE LONGS TO THE STATE. — Washington, March 14.—Representative Bartlett of Georgia filed the report of the minority of the House committee on in terstate and foreign commerce against the purefood bill today. The report Is signed by Representatives Adamson of Georgia, Russell of Texas and Bartlett of Georgia. Opposition to the measure by the three members Is based on the opinion that the federal government has no right to assume the regulation of the sale and branding of food which are held by the minority to he essentially within the police power** f st^K. The report states that the rtt» enting members favac a law against the sale of Impure and adulterated foods, but believe such laws should he made by the various states. , “We challenge the right of Congress to enact such a law as this.” the report says, “as but another effort to minimize the powers of the states and magnify the power of the general government, an ef fort to look to the general government to correct ills and evils with which the public may think Itself afflicted." SENATE FORTIFICATION BILL IS COMPLETED The Measure Carries an Increase of $780,000 Over the Appropria tions of the House Bill. Washington, March 14.—The Senate com mittee on appropriations today com pleted the fortifications hill, and it was reported by Senator Perkins. It carries appropriations aggregating $5,618,993, an increase of $780,000 over the amount ap propriated by the House bill. The in creases are for mountain, field and siege cannon and equipments and machinery for their manufacture at arsenals $290,000; erection and equipment of a powder fac tory $126,000; and for sea coast cannon for insular possessions, equipment and machinery for their manufacture $365,000. Of the increased appropriations, only that relating to the powder factory, is a new item. A provision is added to the appropriation of $600,000 for the fortifications of insular possessions which declares that no part of the sum shall be expended at Subig Bay. Philippine islands. The provision was fought over in the House, but defeated. The object of the provision is to prevent fortification of the naval stations at Subig Bay. Dr. Jones In Camp Hill. Camp Hill, March 14.—(Special.)—Dr. Jenkins Dloyd Jones, the noted writer and lecturer, delivered three of his great lec tures at the Southern Industrial institute. His subjects were “Walt Whitman,” “Emerson” and “The Three Reverences.” These masterly productions were a rare treat to those so fortunate as to hear them. His broad humanltarianlsm found a ready response in this institution, whose basic principle is practical benevo lence. Bowie In Alabama. Washington, March 14.—(Special.)—Rep resentative Bowie of Alabama returned home tonight to spend a few days. seats as that occasioned by tonight's meeting between Nelson and McGovern. Speculators purchased tickets at $10 each, which commanded as much as $50 each and $5 seats sold easily for $10 or $12. When the first preliminary was called at 8:30 there was not a vacant seat In the build ing and scores of persons were standing in the galleries. Among the leading New Yorkers seated close to t’he ring was Harry Payne Whitney, while John W. Gates and John A Drake ocupied seats only a few feet distant. Former pugilistic celebrities and per sons who have been identified with the ring for years, witnessed the battle. Seat ed about the ring were Tom Sharkey, Jack McCauliff, Brooklyn “Jimmy” Car roll. George Considine, John Considine. Tom O’Rourke. Paddy Roche and Mark Mayer. Neither Nelson nor McGovern reached t'he club house until a few minutes be for 10 o’clock. Both men were fit and trained to the hour. The men were to fight at 133 pounds. Of the gross gate re ceipts the club received 25 per cent. Mc Govern 30 per cent and Nelson 45 per cent, win or lose. There was considerable betting on the bout wdth Nelson a slight favorite. McGovern money was plentiful and his admirers did not hesitate to back the Brooklyn boy. COTTON LEAK BILL UP TO PRESIDENT MEASURE HAS BEEN PASSED BY BOTH BRANCHES OF CONGRESS AND NOW AWAITS THE EXECU TIVE’S SIGNATURE. Washington, March 14.—(Special.)—The House today concurred in the Senate amendments to the bill punishing the im parting of crop statistical information and it will be sent to the President tomor row for his signature. The bill was drawn as a result of the exposures made by Richard W. Cheatham of the Southern Cotton association last summer. The bill fixes a fine of from five hun dred to five thousand dollars and Impris onment of from one to five years to any government clerk who imparts informa tion tending to nffect tin market value at any product grown within the United Stales. VETERAN EDITOR OF THE STAR IS DEAD S. H. Kauffmann Has Been Prominent In American Journalism for Over Half a Century. Washington, March 14.—S. II. KaulT mann,president of the Evening Star (news paper) company, president of the Cor- 1 coran gallery of art, a former president of the American Newspapers Publishers’ association, and one of the best known citizens of this city, died at his homo here early this morning. He was born in Wayne county, Ohio, April 30, 1829. Mr. Kauffmann was a newspaper pub lisher in Ohio during the fifties. He was a member of numerous clubs in this and other cities. Mr. Kauffmann had been a resident'of Washington since 1861. For the greater : part of that period lie had been identified with the large interests of the national ! capital, prominent in all movements for expansion and beautiiication of the city. Early in life he learned the printing and telegraph business, and at Wooster, o., while operator there, taught telegraphy to Thomas T. Eckert, former president i of the Western Union Telegraph company. In 1845 he became a publisher and news paper editor at Zanesville, O., continuing that work until 1861. Then he came to Washington, and during the sixties was entrusted with many Important govern ment duties and enjoyed the confidence \ of Secretary Chase. In 1867 he became as sociated with Crosby R. Noyes, also a publisher, and H. W. Adams in the pur chase of the Washington Star, and for nearly two years was president of the company. For three terms Mr. Kauff mann was president of the National Or ganization of Newspaper Publishers. He became president of the Corcoran Art gallery and served as its president since 1894. Mr. Kauffmann married in 1862 Sarah Clark, daughter of John Tileston Fracker of Zanesville, O. She died in 1900. Three of his six children survive him— Rudolph Kauffmann, Victor Kauffmann and Mrs. John Crayke Simpson, all of Washington. SPEAKER CANNON IS CARELESS IN SPEECH And Incidentally He Pays His Respects to the Senate In No Very Flattering Terms. Washington. March 14.—Speaker Can non extended an informal reception in his office at the capitol today to dele gates who are attending the meeting of the National Consular Reform associa tion In this city. George H. Barbour of Detroit, representing the National Asso ciation of Manufacturers, presented the delegation to Speaker Cannon, who In speaking of the pending consular reform bill assured the party that ‘he favored ! consular reforms, but said: "However, gentlemen, it is always hard ! to tell what the House will do. God j only knows, and sometimes I doubt if 1 He knows, what the Senate will do." Nominations Confirmed. | Washington, March 14.—The Senate in executive session today confirmed the fol lowing nominations: Stranahan. collector of customs; James S. Clarkson, surveyor of customs, ami Frederick J. H. Crake, naval officer of customs, district of New York. Postmasters: Alabama—B. S. Purdue, Greenville. Texas—R. F. Nelson, Gorman. BREAKERS AHEAD FOB COMMISSION Cockrell Says They Will Probe to the Bottom RAILROAD MEN TESTIFY Claim the Kansas Rates Are Arbitrary and Were Made Without Giving Railroads a Chance to Be Heard. Kansas City. Mo,. March 14.—The Inter state commerce commission today com pleted Its Investigations here Into the methods of the Standard OH company and the railroads in dealing with the In dependent oil producers of Kansas. The commission adjourned to meet again at a time and place to lie designated by It. It will probably resume the Investigation In Washington, and may summon before it there the presidents of different rail roads and coal companies. These men may he ordered to show their companies' records and to show the stock and bond ownership of all affiliated coal companies and manufacturing interests and the methods by wlilch the transportation de partments of different railroads prevent other coal companies from operating In Kansas. Ex-Senator Cockrell of the commission said tonight: "This is Just a start. We will go to Washington and Investigate the oil and coal business. We must get a great deni of Information from the railroads. The question of ownership of tile railroads must be settled. The trouble will come when we undertake to learn the owner ship of all these concerns. We must try to give everyone a fair chance." Santa Fe Freight Agent. J. R. Koontz. general freight agent of the Atchison. Topeka and Santa Fe rail way, the first witness, was asked by Mr. Marchand, attorney for the company: "Are the pipe lines of the Standard Oil company upon the right-of-way of the Santa Fe railway?" "Yes, sir; they are for a distance east of Sugar Creek (Kansas City) to a point somewhere in Illinois. West of Sugar Creek the pipe line is upon the right-of way of the Southern Kansas division.'’ "How did the Standard Oil company get this right-of-way?" "I do not know." Mr. Koontz was questioned about the meeting of traffic managers r4 different railroads In St. Louts in June, 1901, at which the otl rate cast from Kansas points was raised from 10 to 17 cents a hundred pounds. He said lie was at the meeting, but did not know' who called it. Mr. Koontz said that Mr. Bogardus, traffic manager of the Standard Oil com pany, was at the meeting. No record of the proceedings of the meeting was kept according to the witness. Mr. Koontz, cross-examined by Thomas R. Morrow, attorney for the Santa Fe railroad, was asked: "Are the freight rates established by the Kansas legislature compensatory?'" "I do not so consider them." "How do the railroads look upon them?" Rates Arbitrarily Established. "As arbitrarily established without the railroads having been given a chance to be heard. It was an effort on the part of the Legislature to meet the scale in force In Texas with the difference that while the Kansas rate Is the same as the Texas rate upon crude and fuel oil it is much lower than the Texas rate upon all prod ucts of petroleum, such as gasoline and kerosine." "Why has there been no assault by the railroads on the Kansas rate? Mr. Kotitz w’as asked. "Largely In deference to public senti ment," replied the witness. "The officials of the Santa Fe. and I think of other Kansas roads think that the Kansas rate would have been tested long before this, but in view of the agitation and inflamed condition of the public mind, the policy of the railroads has been to submit quietly to the unreasonable rates forced on them by the legislature of Kansas." Mr. Knntz said that the rtising of the late at the St. Louis' meeting was mndo necessary by trade conditions, and the ac tion was not taken to harrass any one or at the behest of any one interest, or another, or to benefit one Interest to the detriment of any other. Marcos A. Low. general solicitor of the Rock Island railway, asked Mr. Koontz: "Was It to tlie* advantage of the Stand ard Oil Co. that you raised the rates as you did in the St. Louis meeting?" "No. It was to their disadvantage. They had to pay a higher rate upon crude oil from Neodosha to St. Louis." Mr. Prouty of the commission interrupt ed and said: "But that was the very thing of which Mr. Webster, an Independent refiner of Kansas, complained." In answer to a question if the Standard Oil company had asked him to advance the rate, he atiswere in the affirmative. In the course of his examination, Mr. Prouty asked of Mr. Koontz: "Why should more he charged for mov ing oil than coal?" and the witness an swered that the oil tanks go back empty while the coal cars go bark loaded with sand. Mr. Koontz said that the risk Involved In hauling fuel oil was an important fac tor. but he was unable to state what the risk amounted to. Ho promised to produce the figures later. Mr. Monnett. attorney for the oil Pro ducers’ association of Kansas, stated that ■the rate on coal in Kansas was 50 per cent less than the crude oil rate. Emporia Producer Testifies. C. A. Stannard, an nil producer of Kmporia, Kas.. testified that no Kansas oil could be Hold out of that state by independent producers because ttie rate beyond Kansas prohibited it. but If the Kansas maximum freight rate was ex tended Into other states, there would be a good market for all the oil Kansas could produce. f». W. Mayer, manager of the Standard Oil company at Kansas City, was re called, and denied positively that lie had sent E. M. Wlllhoyt, formerly agent for the Standard at Topeka, and now an in dependent. oil refiner at Joplin, and Spring field. Mo., a check with which to bribe railroad employes in order to secure in formation regarding the shipments of oil by independent companies. H. H. Scott, until recently a director of the Prairie Oil and <iap company, a branch of the Standard company, but who is now in business for himself, hesi tated in answering several questions. This SHIP COPS DOWN Twenty-seven Members of the Crew Carried to Devil) LIFEBOATS ARE SHATTERED For Three Days the Captain and Crew of the British King Fought for Life Against Desper ate Odds. Boston. March 14.—Suffering, mental and physical and numerous acts of hero ism In saving life rarely equalled in the record of tragedies of the sea, attended the loss of the Phoenix line steamer British King, which on Sunday last in a raging Atlantic storm foundered about 150 miles south of Sable Island, and car ried to death twenty-seven members of the crew. Thirteen men were rescued from the sinking vessel bv the Keyland line steam er Bostonian, bound from Manchester to Boston, and eleven by the German tank steamer Mannheim, Rotterdam for New York. Five others who had been drawn down In the vortex into which the Brit ish King was engulfed, were picked up by the Bostonian from a frail bit of wreckage which they had grasped after a desperate struggle fur life In the whirl pool. The Bostonian arrived here this afternoon, and the details of the disaster became public. Capt. James O'Hagen of the British King died on board the Bostonian from the effects of terrible Injuries sustained in trying to save his ship. The rescued who were brought here to day Include James Flannlgan, the sec ond officer; J. D. Crawford, the chief en gineer; Adolphus Beck, the fourth en gineer, and William J. Curry, the stew ard. The others were coal passers and sailors, mostly Belgians and one stowa way. Henry Parkotch of New York. Lifeboats Crushed to Fragments. Two Ilf*' boats from the Bostonian were crushed to fragments, and the volunteer crow# whlob manned them were thrown Into the high running seas while engaged in the work of rescue, but all were safe ly landed on board the steamer. When the first life boat was lowered from the Bostonian, the small craft was swept against the stern of the big ship and de stroyed, and several of the seamen were bruised and maimed. Yet, despite the boisterous condition of the sea, the vol unteers were rescued by lines thrown out from their steamer. A second attempt, to reach the sinking ship was successful and the thirteen men, including Captain O'Hagen were taken from the British King to the Bostonian. Then again a powerful billow carried the life boat against the side of the ship and destroyed it, and the life Ravers were thrown Into the sea, to he rescued only after half an hour’s effort by their comrades. Darkness Stops the Work. Volunteers from the Mannheim, after a heroic battle with the waves, had taken off eleven from the British King, but af ter this neither of the steamers In con sequence of the gale could make an at tempt to reach the foundering freighter. Moreover darkness fell and it was an utter impossibility to do else hut wait for the moonlight to guide them. In the darkness the British King, which was then waterlogged and helpless, plunged to the bottom. For three days her captain and crew working against unconquerable odds, had tried to prevent their ship’s destruction. The wind finally increased to a hurri cane and carried away the deck fittings of the steamer and the deck cargo of oil barrels washed into the sea. Some of the hatches were torn open, great volumes of water poured Into tin* ship's com partments. disabling the engines and soon the ship because absolutely helpless. Realizing tlu* necessity of quick action, Captain O’Hagen himself went into the •hold and strove to repair the most dam aged sections. Captain's Leg Fractured. It was white doing this that a barrel of oil fractured one of his legs in two places. The Injury was so severe that a piece of hone protruded from che flesh. Despite tills he continued to direct the efforts of the crew. At the end of three days when all hands had labored cease lessly without rest and with little food the Bostonian and the Mannheim were sighted and to these Captain O'Hagen displayed the signal for assistance. It was expected that the Mannheim would reach New York tomorrow or the next day. Until that time the names of the men who were lost cannot be learned. The Mannheim saved the third officer and ten men. but the Identity of the sailors Is not known here. The British King went down In latitude 41.40 north, and longitude 60.11 west; or about 4.ki miles cast of Boston light and lfin miles to the south of Sable Island. Both the Bostonian and the Mannheim stood by the scene of the wreck until Monday morning, but no bodies were re covered. The British King sailed from New York last Wednesday hound for Antwerp with a miscellaneous cargo in cluding 150 head of cattle. To Simplify Boundary Lines. Washington, March 14.—The Senate committee on foreign relations today took tip the treaty relating to the "Haueo's” In the Rio Grande river, but It was stated that Senator Culberson desired to be heard In the interest of the Texan boundary. Consideration of the treaty, therefore, went over until next Wednesday. The treaty is for the purpose of simplifying the method of maintaining the position of the bound ary between the United States and Mexico which follows the Rib Grande and Colorado rivers. brought forth a rebuke from Commission er Cockrell, who said sharply; “It is useless for the Standard OH com pany to attempt to conceal things, be cause we are going to get at the bottom of Its doings anyway.” A. H. Coffin, an oil rpflner of Kansas, testified that high freight rates prevented him shipping his product out of the state. This ended the testimony for the Inde pendent oil producers.