THE BIRMINGHAM AGE-HERALD.
VOL. 35 BIRMINGHAM, ALABAMA. THURSDAY, MARCH 15, 1900. 12 PAGES NO. 317
i : ~ ~ • i
Women Worn Trousers and
Were Indistinguishable Dur
ing the Close Fiflitin|
CHILDREN WERE USED AC
SHIELDS DURING BATTLE
Roosevelt Again Commends Troops
and Says the Men Have Performed
a Gallant and Sol
Washington. ivfarch 14.—A cablegram
from General Wood .regarding criticisms
of the recent battle of Mount Dajo, on
the Island of Jolo, together with corre
spondence between the President and
Secretary Taft on the subject, were made
public today. General Wood's cablegram
was in answer to one sent at the direc
tion of Secretary Taft, who called at
tention to the criticisms of “wanton
slaughter of Moros," and asked him to
send all the particulars.
General Wood’s reply denies that there
was any wanton killing, and said a con
siderable number of women and children
were killed In the fight because they were
actually In the works when the assault
was made; that Moro women wore
trousers, and that children were used as
shields. The reply was sent by Secre- :
tary Taft to the President, with a note
in which the secretary says that General
. Wood seems to him to have shown most
clearly the unfortunate loss of life was
wholly unavoidable, to which the Presi- ,
dent replied that General Wood’s answer j
Is “of course entirely satisfactory.’’
Secretary Taft's comumnication to
President Roosevelt Is as follows:
Taft Writes the President.
"Washington. March 13, 19U6.
"My Dear Mr. President:
"The account of the engagement on
Mount Dajo, on the Island of Jolo, be
tween our forces and a large band of Moro
robbers, In which the fighting lasted for
three or four days, showed such a large
loss among the Moros as to give rise on
the part of the public press to the criti
cism that there had been a wanton de
struction by our troops of Moro lives,
Including those of women and children.
Inquiries were made of me by members
of the Senate and House of Representa
tives In respect to the matter. Accord
ingly. I yesterday directed that the fol
lowing telegram be sent to General Wood:
•' 'It is charged that there was a wan
ton slaughter of Moros, men, women and
children, in the fight in Jolo at Mount
Dajo. I wish you would send me at once
all the particulars in respect to this mat
ter, stating exact facts.’
"General Wood’s answer came today. It
seems to show to me most clearly that
the unfortunate loss of life of the men,
women and children among the Moros
was wholly unavoidable, in view of their
deliberate use of their women and chil
dren in actual battle, and tbeir fanatical
and savage desire that their women and
children should perish with them if defeat
■were to come. They seem to have ex
hibited in their fight the well known
treachery of the uncivilized Mohammedan
when wounded of attempting to kill those
approaching for the purpose of giving
aid and relief. General Wood’s dispatch
Is as follows:
" 'The Military Secretary, Washington:
Woods Sends Particulars.
“In ^answer to ,the Secretary of War’s
request for Information, March 12, I was
present throughout practically entire ac
tion and Inspected the scene after action
was finished. Am convinced no man,
woman or child was wantonly killed. A
considerable number of women and child
ren were killed in the fight—number un
known—for the reason that they were
actually in the works when the crater
was assaulted and were unavoidably killed
in the fierce hand-to-hand fighting which
took place in the narrow enclosed place.
Moro women wore trousers and were
dressed and armed much like the men, and
fought with them. The children were in
many cases used by the men as shields
while charging the troops. These Incidents
are much to be regretted, but It must be
understood that the Moros, one and all,
were fighting not only as enemies but
religious fanatics, believing paradise to
be their immediate reward if killed in
action with Christians. They apparently
desired that none be saved. Some of our
men, one a hospital steward, were cut
up while giving assistance to wounded
Moros, by the wounded, and by those
feigning death,' for the purpose of get
ting this vengeance. I personally ordered
assistance given wounded Moros, and that
food and water should be sent to them,
and medical attendance. In addition
friendly Moros were at once directed to
proceed to Mountain, for this purpose.
I do not believe that in this or any
other fight any American soldier wantonly
killed a Moro woman or child, or that he
ever did it except unavoidably In close
action. Action was most desperate and
was impossible for men fighting literally
for their lives in close quarters to dis
tinguish who would be injured by fire.
In all action against Moros we have
begged Moros again and again to fight as
men and keep women and children out of
it. I assume entire responsibility for ac
tion of the troops in every particular,
and If any evidence develops in any way
bearing out the charges, will act at once.
“Very sincerely, WILLIAM H. TAFT.”
The President's reply follows:
The President's Reply.
“The White House, Washington, March
“My Dear Mr. Secretary:—I have re
ceived your letter of March 13. with
acompanying cable of General Wood an
swering your inquiry as to the alleged
wanton slaughter of Motof. This answer
is of course entirely satisfactory. The
officers and enlisted men under General
Wood’s command have performed a most
gallant and soldierly feat in a way that
confers added credit on the American
army. They are entitled to the heartiest
«4mir&tion and praise of all those of
SOUTHERN PIG IRON.
IS MORE IRREGULAR
$13.75 Birmingham for No. 2
CONSUMPTION IS HEAVY
Requirements for ^t./s''.tural Material
Are Especially in All Parts
of the ^V* —Weekly
r/ ■$"? Market.
CleveK O ^ , March 14.—(Special.)—
The ) *de Review tomorrow will
Altho in some centers there is a !
diminution In orders for finished ma- j
terials, this condition is exceptional,
and nearly everywhere business is
brisk and mills are unable to keep
up with'the specifications. In pig iron the
market is somewhat irregular, especially
The increased probability of the strike
of coal miners is causing heavy buyhig 4
of coke. The Improved demand for south- ,
ern iron has brought out lower quotations
and $13.75, Birmingham, for No. 2 is now
openly named, while 25 cents lower has ,
been done. There is, however, much in j
favor of the buyer, as stocks are low,
consumption continues at a heavy rate, 4
the car supply is iregular and the strike
is not to be ignored in the north. Prices
of foundry iron .are firm, although there
is some weakness in Southern °hio.
The American Bridge company closed
orders for about 10.000 tons of material
during tlie week, among the contracts
being one for 3200 tons for a Chicago of
fice buflding. Active preparations are be
ing made for extensive building operations
in all parts of the country. Large con
sumers came into the market a few' days
ago in Chicago and placed orders ag
gregating from 4000 to 6000 tons for liar
iron at- $82 to $33 per ton, but the market
in that city has since advanced. T he
demand for bar iron is irregular and
little is being sold at more than $34.
Production Slightly Curtailed.
New' York, March 14.—The Iron Age
will say tomorrow:
Statistically the pig iron industry re
mains in very good shape, with produc
tion slightly curtailed and stocks ap
parently still declining. The capacity or
the furnaces in blast on March 1 was 479.
737 gross tons per week, as compared with
482,156 tons per week on Februarj 1. Dur
ing February the furnaces of the steel
companies did not produce as heavily as
expected, making 1,216,760 tons, while the
merchant furnaces produced 677,272 tons.
The production in February, a short
month, was 1,894,032 tons, as compared
with 2,068,893 tons in January, the record
Partial reports indicate that stocks are
still falling off slightly In the northern
districts. Full returns from the mer
chant furnaces of Alabama, Virginia,
Tennessee and Georgia show that stocks
on hand which amounted to 144,852 tons
on Jan. 1, 1906. fell to 110,066 tons on Feb.
1. and 102,361 tons on March 1. The south
ern companies made every effort to ship
iron prior to March 1, when the advance
In freight rates went Into effect.
The uncertainties as to fuel supply are
having considerable effect on the pig iron
markets. A strike in the anthracite re
gions does not usually seriously curtail
the output of pig iron.
Our records show that during the five
months anthracite coal strike of 1902,
the production of pig iron in the Scuyl
kill, Lehigh, Lebanon and Susquehanna
valleys and In New Jersey averages a
monthly curtailment of roughly 20,000
tons, which would not very seriously dis
turb the industry. Current business in pig
iron is limited to early requirements and
there is a steady flow of moderate-steed
orders which are encouraged by the talk
of possible strikes among the coal miners.
Rail Trade Is Good,
In the rail trade some very good In
quiries have again appeared. This in
cludes 30,000 for a trans-eontlnental line,
13.000 from another and 3000 tons from the
Guayaquil and Quito road. Among the
orders placed during the last few days.
Is 10.000 tons for the Pere Marquette, and
9.000 tons for the Missouri, Kansas and
Texas, carrying the orders for that line
to about 32.000 tons. The requirements for
trolley lines continue exceedingly heavy.
Requirements for structural material
are still very heavy and promise to come
out in further quantities. During the first
half of the month the leading Interests
hooked 18,000 tons and other mills are
taking large quantities. Bars have weak
ened further east and west, and there are
reports that 31.50, Pittsburg, has been
done for the good Iron bars. In the cast
Iron pipe Industry some pretty good con
tracts are being placed and some large
ones are in sight.
UPRISING NOT FEARED.
Marshal Darrough Says the Indian
Troubles Have Been Exaggerated.
Vinita, I. T., March 14.—Marshal W.
H. Darrough reached Vinita this after
noon from Spavinaw, and said the re
ports of the trouble with the Cherokee
Indians had been exaggerated. Dar
rough arrested fifteen full blood In
dians on the charge of harboring and
assisting the Wickliffe boys. These
Indians were brought to Vinita late
today and will be lodgpd in the terri
tory federal jail. The Wickliffes had
not been encountered when Darrough
left Spavinaw early today.
Marshal Darrough said that while
the Indians were favorable to the
Wickliffes, there was no danger of an
uprising. A battle is expected with
the Wickliffes before they are cap
While at Spavinaw Darrough and
i his men ascertained the general direc
I iion taken by the Wickliffes, and says
the officers took the trail and will stay
with it until the men are found.
Marshal Darrough will remain in
Vinita and direct the general move
ments of the officers from here.
their fellow-citizens who are glad to see
the honor of the flag upheld by the
courage of the men weiring the Amer
ican uniform. Sincerely yours.
NELSON WINS IN
fighters Hissed and Hooted by
Quaker City Sports
TOO MUCH CLINCHING DONE
Both Nelson and McGovern Were On
Their Feet at the End, But
Terry Was About
Philadelphia. March 14.—“Battling"
Nelson had the advantage of Terry Mc
Govern In their six-round bout which
took place at the National Athletic club
Fof the first three rounds the fight was
a disappointment to the 5000 persons who
had paid fancy prices to witness the
bout. There were scarcely half a dozen
solid blows struck, the men wrestling
from one end Of the ring to the other with
the referee powerless to separate them.
It had been agreed that the referee was
not to lay his hands on the men, but
simply warn them to step back when they
rushed to a clinch. The reparated warn
ings had no effect on the fighters, and
the crowd hissed, groaned and cried:
“Fake!” and “Take them out of the
At the beginning of the fourth round
the men began to fight as though the;:
mean business. Nelson kepi right after
McGovern and used a straight left to
advantage McGovern frequently count
ered with hard lefts and rights, but his
blows, while they appeared to have great
force behind them, failed to make any
impression on the sturdy Dane.
McGovern In Distress.
At the close of the fifth round McGov
ern went to Ills corner In distress. When
the men came up for the final round,
Nelson sent a left to the jaw and Mc
Govern rushed to a clinch. His seconds
sried “Hold on, Terry, hold on!” and
never were instructions carried out more
thoroughly. Every time that Nelson
would land a stiff blow McGov
ern would grab him around the body and
Jiang on until Nelson would throw him off
by sheer fotmo.- It Is doubtful If McGov
| ern could have stood the gruelling for an
There was some rough work In the
early rounds by the Dane. He frequently
used his right elbow and bored in on Mc
Govern repeatedly with his head. Nel
son deserved the decision, but as no decis
ions are rendered when both men are on
their feet, the fight Is classed as a draw
Neither man was knocked down during
the fight, but McGovern slipped to the
floor In the fifth round while trying to
escape from the Dane.
Fighters Enter Ring.
McGovern entered the ring at 10:05. He
was given a tremendous ovation. His
seconds were Hughey McGovern, Joe
Humphries, John Burdick, Samuel Har
ris and Terry Dee.
Nelson came on at about the same
time, followed by his manager. Billy No
lan; Kid Abell, Eddie Kelly, Johnny Dof
tus and Jimmy Gardner, his seconds. The
cheering for the Dane had scarcely ceased
when the scales were brought Into the
ring and the weighing in was done In full
view of the spectators. Their exact
weights were not announced, but both
were about 133 pounds. After the flash
light photograph had been takern of the
two men, the referee called the men to
the center of the ring and gave them
Instructions. A moment later the fight
Clinch In First Round.
Hound 1—Nelson missed a left and both
clinched. It was twenty seconds be
fore they separated. The crowd hissed
and Nelson lead with left to heart. Again
they clinched and the referee w'arned Mc
Govern for holding. There was another
clinch and McGovern sent a hard left
to the head. They were clinched at the
bell, and as they went to their corners
there was nothing but hisses.
Round 2—McGovern missed a left for
the wind and then they again began to
wrestle. McGovern led left to wind and
followed with a left and right to the
head. They rushed to a clinch and then
McGovern drove a right to the head
which jarred the ••Battler.” Nelson was
cautioned for using his shoulder. Nelson
missed a straight left and again they
clinched. The boys did not move six feet
from the center of the ring, and were
still clinched at the bell. Groans and
hisses greeted the men as they went to
Round 3—McGovern tried left to wind
twice, but was blocked in both attempts.
They clinched and the referee could not
get them to break. Nelson drove two
lefts to face, and there was the same
old clinch. McGovern drove a left to the
jaw and missed a hard right. McGovern
upper-cut with a hard right and then sent
a right to the jaw. Nelson sent a left to
the head and ducked a vicious left. Nel
son then sent another left to the face and
the men were clinched at the gong.
Round 4—McGovern swung wild with his
right, but drove a left to the wind. Nel
son sent a light left to face and Mc
Govern missed a swing for the jaw. Nel
son sent a hard left and a right to the
jaw. and McGovern was weak as he went
to his corner. It was the first round in
which there was any real fighting.
McGovern Refuses to Break.
Round 5.—McGovern sent a left to the
head and Nelson countered with a left
to the wind. Nelson sent a light left to
the stomach. McGovern rushed to a
clinch and refused to break when ordered
by the referee. McGovern sent three lefts
to the face, but the blows did not have
any apparent effect on Nelson. When they
broke Nelson drove a terrific right to Mc
Govern’s jaw. which made the Brooklyn
boy wobble. They clinched again, and as
they broke away the bell rang.
Round 6.—Nelson missed a right swing
and they rutfhed to a clinch. McGovern
missed a right for the wind and then
sent a right upper-cut to the wind. Nel
son sent a light left to the face and
then missed a terrific right for McGov
ern’s chin. Nelson drove McGovern Into
a neutral corner, and here landed two
hard blows on the wind. McGovern was
almost out when the gong sounded.
It was Nelson's fight.
Great Interest In Bout.
I Not In the history of pugilism in this
| city was there so great a demand for
PLOT HATCHED TO
KILL DR. PARKHURST
New York. March 14.—An alleged plot
to assassinate the Rev. Dr. Charles H.
Parkhurst, following the recent munici
pal election in this city, inspired it is
asserted by a police official and In re
venge for raids made on certain places by
agents of the Society for the Prevention
of Crime, known also as the Parkhurst
Society, was revealed today when District
Attorney Jerome summoned In John Doe
proceedings acting Captain John H.
Shells of the West 100th, Street Police
station; John Phelan, a plainclothes po
liceman and two civilians, Richard Wil- !
son and U. Rogers.
A hearing will be held tomorrow' after
noon before Magistrate Wahle in the
Tombs police court and the witnesses
summoned today will be asked to tell
what they know of the alleged plot.
P.ogers one of the witnesses, and a man
named Kelley, were employed during the
last campaign by the Citizens' Union.
A few days after the election Rogers told
Kelley it is alleged, of the plot to murder
Dr. Parkhurst. According to state
ments already made Rogers said he was
approached by a policeman and asked If
he would take the task of killing Dr.
It is declared that the policeman said a
police official would pay $500 for the work
and Rogers asked Kelley if he was will
ing to go into the scheme, taking for
his part $200. while he. Rogers, would get
the remainder of the sum.
It Is further alleged that Rogers saw
this police official and talked the matter
over with him at length, but finally came
to the conclusion that he would not resort
“I will beat him.” Rogers is alleged to
have said to the official, “but I wont kill
According to the statement said to be in
the possession of the district attorney and
counsel of the Society for the Prevention
of Crime, the police official insisted that
Dr. Parkhurst he put out of the way.
Then it was that Rogers became afraid
and put the matter before Richard Wil
son, a 22-year-old dlerk. It is further al
leged that Wilson saw the official and
had an Interview with him but that Dr.
Parkhurst's name wns not mentioned.
What developed after these interviews
with the police official, has not been
learned. At that time Parkhurst w?as In
Europe for his usual vacation, and did
not return to this city until fall.
After Kelley had heard of the plot he
went to Dr. Parkhurst and repeated all
that had been told him. Following this
Wilson and Rogers were continually shad
owed by detectives.
As a result of the Parkhurst raids, a
police official was dismissed from the
force, but later was reinstated.
Acting Captain of Police Slieils who
was summoned by Mr. Jerome to appear
at the hearing tomorrow, emphatically
denied tonight all knowledge of the al
leged plot to kill Dr. Parkhurst.
ON PURE FOOD BILL
CLAIMS THE FEDERAL GOVERN
MENT HAS NO RIGHT TO TAKE
POWER WHICH PROPERLY BE
LONGS TO THE STATE.
Washington, March 14.—Representative
Bartlett of Georgia filed the report of the
minority of the House committee on in
terstate and foreign commerce against
the purefood bill today. The report Is
signed by Representatives Adamson of
Georgia, Russell of Texas and Bartlett
of Georgia. Opposition to the measure
by the three members Is based on the
opinion that the federal government has
no right to assume the regulation of the
sale and branding of food which are held
by the minority to he essentially within
the police power** f st^K. The report
states that the rtt» enting members favac
a law against the sale of Impure and
adulterated foods, but believe such laws
should he made by the various states. ,
“We challenge the right of Congress to
enact such a law as this.” the report
says, “as but another effort to minimize
the powers of the states and magnify the
power of the general government, an ef
fort to look to the general government
to correct ills and evils with which the
public may think Itself afflicted."
BILL IS COMPLETED
The Measure Carries an Increase of
$780,000 Over the Appropria
tions of the House Bill.
Washington, March 14.—The Senate com
mittee on appropriations today com
pleted the fortifications hill, and it was
reported by Senator Perkins. It carries
appropriations aggregating $5,618,993, an
increase of $780,000 over the amount ap
propriated by the House bill. The in
creases are for mountain, field and siege
cannon and equipments and machinery
for their manufacture at arsenals $290,000;
erection and equipment of a powder fac
tory $126,000; and for sea coast cannon
for insular possessions, equipment and
machinery for their manufacture $365,000.
Of the increased appropriations, only
that relating to the powder factory, is a
A provision is added to the appropriation
of $600,000 for the fortifications of insular
possessions which declares that no part
of the sum shall be expended at Subig
Bay. Philippine islands.
The provision was fought over in the
House, but defeated. The object of the
provision is to prevent fortification of
the naval stations at Subig Bay.
Dr. Jones In Camp Hill.
Camp Hill, March 14.—(Special.)—Dr.
Jenkins Dloyd Jones, the noted writer and
lecturer, delivered three of his great lec
tures at the Southern Industrial institute.
His subjects were “Walt Whitman,”
“Emerson” and “The Three Reverences.”
These masterly productions were a rare
treat to those so fortunate as to hear
them. His broad humanltarianlsm found
a ready response in this institution,
whose basic principle is practical benevo
Bowie In Alabama.
Washington, March 14.—(Special.)—Rep
resentative Bowie of Alabama returned
home tonight to spend a few days.
seats as that occasioned by tonight's
meeting between Nelson and McGovern.
Speculators purchased tickets at $10 each,
which commanded as much as $50 each
and $5 seats sold easily for $10 or $12. When
the first preliminary was called at 8:30
there was not a vacant seat In the build
ing and scores of persons were standing
in the galleries. Among the leading New
Yorkers seated close to t’he ring was
Harry Payne Whitney, while John W.
Gates and John A Drake ocupied seats
only a few feet distant.
Former pugilistic celebrities and per
sons who have been identified with the
ring for years, witnessed the battle. Seat
ed about the ring were Tom Sharkey,
Jack McCauliff, Brooklyn “Jimmy” Car
roll. George Considine, John Considine.
Tom O’Rourke. Paddy Roche and Mark
Neither Nelson nor McGovern reached
t'he club house until a few minutes be
for 10 o’clock. Both men were fit and
trained to the hour. The men were to
fight at 133 pounds. Of the gross gate re
ceipts the club received 25 per cent. Mc
Govern 30 per cent and Nelson 45 per
cent, win or lose. There was considerable
betting on the bout wdth Nelson a slight
favorite. McGovern money was plentiful
and his admirers did not hesitate to back
the Brooklyn boy.
COTTON LEAK BILL
UP TO PRESIDENT
MEASURE HAS BEEN PASSED BY
BOTH BRANCHES OF CONGRESS
AND NOW AWAITS THE EXECU
Washington, March 14.—(Special.)—The
House today concurred in the Senate
amendments to the bill punishing the im
parting of crop statistical information and
it will be sent to the President tomor
row for his signature. The bill was
drawn as a result of the exposures made
by Richard W. Cheatham of the Southern
Cotton association last summer.
The bill fixes a fine of from five hun
dred to five thousand dollars and Impris
onment of from one to five years to any
government clerk who imparts informa
tion tending to nffect tin market value at
any product grown within the United
VETERAN EDITOR OF
THE STAR IS DEAD
S. H. Kauffmann Has Been Prominent
In American Journalism for Over
Half a Century.
Washington, March 14.—S. II. KaulT
mann,president of the Evening Star (news
paper) company, president of the Cor- 1
coran gallery of art, a former president
of the American Newspapers Publishers’
association, and one of the best known
citizens of this city, died at his homo
here early this morning. He was born in
Wayne county, Ohio, April 30, 1829.
Mr. Kauffmann was a newspaper pub
lisher in Ohio during the fifties. He was
a member of numerous clubs in this and
Mr. Kauffmann had been a resident'of
Washington since 1861. For the greater :
part of that period lie had been identified
with the large interests of the national !
capital, prominent in all movements for
expansion and beautiiication of the city.
Early in life he learned the printing and
telegraph business, and at Wooster, o.,
while operator there, taught telegraphy
to Thomas T. Eckert, former president i
of the Western Union Telegraph company.
In 1845 he became a publisher and news
paper editor at Zanesville, O., continuing
that work until 1861. Then he came to
Washington, and during the sixties was
entrusted with many Important govern
ment duties and enjoyed the confidence \
of Secretary Chase. In 1867 he became as
sociated with Crosby R. Noyes, also a
publisher, and H. W. Adams in the pur
chase of the Washington Star, and for
nearly two years was president of the
company. For three terms Mr. Kauff
mann was president of the National Or
ganization of Newspaper Publishers. He
became president of the Corcoran Art
gallery and served as its president since
Mr. Kauffmann married in 1862 Sarah
Clark, daughter of John Tileston Fracker
of Zanesville, O. She died in 1900. Three
of his six children survive him— Rudolph
Kauffmann, Victor Kauffmann and Mrs.
John Crayke Simpson, all of Washington.
SPEAKER CANNON IS
CARELESS IN SPEECH
And Incidentally He Pays His Respects
to the Senate In No Very
Washington. March 14.—Speaker Can
non extended an informal reception in
his office at the capitol today to dele
gates who are attending the meeting of
the National Consular Reform associa
tion In this city. George H. Barbour of
Detroit, representing the National Asso
ciation of Manufacturers, presented the
delegation to Speaker Cannon, who In
speaking of the pending consular reform
bill assured the party that ‘he favored
! consular reforms, but said:
"However, gentlemen, it is always hard !
to tell what the House will do. God j
only knows, and sometimes I doubt if 1
He knows, what the Senate will do."
| Washington, March 14.—The Senate in
executive session today confirmed the fol
Stranahan. collector of customs; James
S. Clarkson, surveyor of customs, ami
Frederick J. H. Crake, naval officer of
customs, district of New York.
Alabama—B. S. Purdue, Greenville.
Texas—R. F. Nelson, Gorman.
Cockrell Says They Will Probe
to the Bottom
RAILROAD MEN TESTIFY
Claim the Kansas Rates Are Arbitrary
and Were Made Without Giving
Railroads a Chance to Be
Kansas City. Mo,. March 14.—The Inter
state commerce commission today com
pleted Its Investigations here Into the
methods of the Standard OH company
and the railroads in dealing with the In
dependent oil producers of Kansas. The
commission adjourned to meet again at
a time and place to lie designated by It.
It will probably resume the Investigation
In Washington, and may summon before
it there the presidents of different rail
roads and coal companies. These men
may he ordered to show their companies'
records and to show the stock and bond
ownership of all affiliated coal companies
and manufacturing interests and the
methods by wlilch the transportation de
partments of different railroads prevent
other coal companies from operating In
Ex-Senator Cockrell of the commission
"This is Just a start. We will go to
Washington and Investigate the oil and
coal business. We must get a great deni
of Information from the railroads. The
question of ownership of tile railroads
must be settled. The trouble will come
when we undertake to learn the owner
ship of all these concerns. We must try
to give everyone a fair chance."
Santa Fe Freight Agent.
J. R. Koontz. general freight agent of
the Atchison. Topeka and Santa Fe rail
way, the first witness, was asked by
Mr. Marchand, attorney for the company:
"Are the pipe lines of the Standard Oil
company upon the right-of-way of the
Santa Fe railway?"
"Yes, sir; they are for a distance east
of Sugar Creek (Kansas City) to a point
somewhere in Illinois. West of Sugar
Creek the pipe line is upon the right-of
way of the Southern Kansas division.'’
"How did the Standard Oil company
get this right-of-way?"
"I do not know."
Mr. Koontz was questioned about the
meeting of traffic managers r4 different
railroads In St. Louts in June, 1901, at
which the otl rate cast from Kansas
points was raised from 10 to 17 cents a
hundred pounds. He said lie was at the
meeting, but did not know' who called it.
Mr. Koontz said that Mr. Bogardus,
traffic manager of the Standard Oil com
pany, was at the meeting. No record of
the proceedings of the meeting was kept
according to the witness.
Mr. Koontz, cross-examined by Thomas
R. Morrow, attorney for the Santa Fe
railroad, was asked:
"Are the freight rates established by the
Kansas legislature compensatory?'"
"I do not so consider them."
"How do the railroads look upon
Rates Arbitrarily Established.
"As arbitrarily established without the
railroads having been given a chance to
be heard. It was an effort on the part of
the Legislature to meet the scale in force
In Texas with the difference that while
the Kansas rate Is the same as the Texas
rate upon crude and fuel oil it is much
lower than the Texas rate upon all prod
ucts of petroleum, such as gasoline and
"Why has there been no assault by
the railroads on the Kansas rate? Mr.
Kotitz w’as asked.
"Largely In deference to public senti
ment," replied the witness. "The officials
of the Santa Fe. and I think of other
Kansas roads think that the Kansas rate
would have been tested long before this,
but in view of the agitation and inflamed
condition of the public mind, the policy of
the railroads has been to submit quietly
to the unreasonable rates forced on them
by the legislature of Kansas."
Mr. Knntz said that the rtising of the
late at the St. Louis' meeting was mndo
necessary by trade conditions, and the ac
tion was not taken to harrass any one
or at the behest of any one interest, or
another, or to benefit one Interest to the
detriment of any other.
Marcos A. Low. general solicitor of the
Rock Island railway, asked Mr. Koontz:
"Was It to tlie* advantage of the Stand
ard Oil Co. that you raised the rates as
you did in the St. Louis meeting?"
"No. It was to their disadvantage.
They had to pay a higher rate upon crude
oil from Neodosha to St. Louis."
Mr. Prouty of the commission interrupt
ed and said:
"But that was the very thing of which
Mr. Webster, an Independent refiner of
In answer to a question if the Standard
Oil company had asked him to advance
the rate, he atiswere in the affirmative.
In the course of his examination, Mr.
Prouty asked of Mr. Koontz:
"Why should more he charged for mov
ing oil than coal?" and the witness an
swered that the oil tanks go back empty
while the coal cars go bark loaded with
Mr. Koontz said that the risk Involved
In hauling fuel oil was an important fac
tor. but he was unable to state what
the risk amounted to. Ho promised to
produce the figures later.
Mr. Monnett. attorney for the oil Pro
ducers’ association of Kansas, stated that
■the rate on coal in Kansas was 50 per
cent less than the crude oil rate.
Emporia Producer Testifies.
C. A. Stannard, an nil producer of
Kmporia, Kas.. testified that no Kansas
oil could be Hold out of that state by
independent producers because ttie rate
beyond Kansas prohibited it. but If the
Kansas maximum freight rate was ex
tended Into other states, there would
be a good market for all the oil Kansas
f». W. Mayer, manager of the Standard
Oil company at Kansas City, was re
called, and denied positively that lie had
sent E. M. Wlllhoyt, formerly agent for
the Standard at Topeka, and now an in
dependent. oil refiner at Joplin, and Spring
field. Mo., a check with which to bribe
railroad employes in order to secure in
formation regarding the shipments of oil
by independent companies.
H. H. Scott, until recently a director
of the Prairie Oil and <iap company, a
branch of the Standard company, but
who is now in business for himself, hesi
tated in answering several questions. This
SHIP COPS DOWN
Twenty-seven Members of the
Crew Carried to Devil)
LIFEBOATS ARE SHATTERED
For Three Days the Captain and Crew
of the British King Fought for
Life Against Desper
Boston. March 14.—Suffering, mental
and physical and numerous acts of hero
ism In saving life rarely equalled in the
record of tragedies of the sea, attended
the loss of the Phoenix line steamer
British King, which on Sunday last in a
raging Atlantic storm foundered about
150 miles south of Sable Island, and car
ried to death twenty-seven members of
Thirteen men were rescued from the
sinking vessel bv the Keyland line steam
er Bostonian, bound from Manchester to
Boston, and eleven by the German tank
steamer Mannheim, Rotterdam for New
York. Five others who had been drawn
down In the vortex into which the Brit
ish King was engulfed, were picked up
by the Bostonian from a frail bit of
wreckage which they had grasped after a
desperate struggle fur life In the whirl
pool. The Bostonian arrived here this
afternoon, and the details of the disaster
Capt. James O'Hagen of the British
King died on board the Bostonian from
the effects of terrible Injuries sustained
in trying to save his ship.
The rescued who were brought here to
day Include James Flannlgan, the sec
ond officer; J. D. Crawford, the chief en
gineer; Adolphus Beck, the fourth en
gineer, and William J. Curry, the stew
ard. The others were coal passers and
sailors, mostly Belgians and one stowa
way. Henry Parkotch of New York.
Lifeboats Crushed to Fragments.
Two Ilf*' boats from the Bostonian were
crushed to fragments, and the volunteer
crow# whlob manned them were thrown
Into the high running seas while engaged
in the work of rescue, but all were safe
ly landed on board the steamer. When
the first life boat was lowered from the
Bostonian, the small craft was swept
against the stern of the big ship and de
stroyed, and several of the seamen were
bruised and maimed. Yet, despite the
boisterous condition of the sea, the vol
unteers were rescued by lines thrown out
from their steamer. A second attempt,
to reach the sinking ship was successful
and the thirteen men, including Captain
O'Hagen were taken from the British
King to the Bostonian. Then again a
powerful billow carried the life boat
against the side of the ship and destroyed
it, and the life Ravers were thrown Into
the sea, to he rescued only after half an
hour’s effort by their comrades.
Darkness Stops the Work.
Volunteers from the Mannheim, after
a heroic battle with the waves, had taken
off eleven from the British King, but af
ter this neither of the steamers In con
sequence of the gale could make an at
tempt to reach the foundering freighter.
Moreover darkness fell and it was an
utter impossibility to do else hut wait
for the moonlight to guide them. In
the darkness the British King, which was
then waterlogged and helpless, plunged to
For three days her captain and crew
working against unconquerable odds, had
tried to prevent their ship’s destruction.
The wind finally increased to a hurri
cane and carried away the deck fittings
of the steamer and the deck cargo of oil
barrels washed into the sea. Some of the
hatches were torn open, great volumes
of water poured Into tin* ship's com
partments. disabling the engines and soon
the ship because absolutely helpless.
Realizing tlu* necessity of quick action,
Captain O’Hagen himself went into the
•hold and strove to repair the most dam
Captain's Leg Fractured.
It was white doing this that a barrel
of oil fractured one of his legs in two
places. The Injury was so severe that a
piece of hone protruded from che flesh.
Despite tills he continued to direct the
efforts of the crew. At the end of three
days when all hands had labored cease
lessly without rest and with little food
the Bostonian and the Mannheim were
sighted and to these Captain O'Hagen
displayed the signal for assistance.
It was expected that the Mannheim
would reach New York tomorrow or the
next day. Until that time the names of
the men who were lost cannot be learned.
The Mannheim saved the third officer and
ten men. but the Identity of the sailors
Is not known here.
The British King went down In latitude
41.40 north, and longitude 60.11 west; or
about 4.ki miles cast of Boston light and
lfin miles to the south of Sable Island.
Both the Bostonian and the Mannheim
stood by the scene of the wreck until
Monday morning, but no bodies were re
covered. The British King sailed from
New York last Wednesday hound for
Antwerp with a miscellaneous cargo in
cluding 150 head of cattle.
To Simplify Boundary Lines.
Washington, March 14.—The Senate
committee on foreign relations today
took tip the treaty relating to the
"Haueo's” In the Rio Grande river, but
It was stated that Senator Culberson
desired to be heard In the interest of
the Texan boundary. Consideration of
the treaty, therefore, went over until
next Wednesday. The treaty is for the
purpose of simplifying the method of
maintaining the position of the bound
ary between the United States and
Mexico which follows the Rib Grande
and Colorado rivers.
brought forth a rebuke from Commission
er Cockrell, who said sharply;
“It is useless for the Standard OH com
pany to attempt to conceal things, be
cause we are going to get at the bottom
of Its doings anyway.”
A. H. Coffin, an oil rpflner of Kansas,
testified that high freight rates prevented
him shipping his product out of the state.
This ended the testimony for the Inde
pendent oil producers.
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