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K. TV. RARRETI. Editor Entered at the Birmingham. Ala., post tOffice as second-class matter under act of Congress March 3. 1879. I>ail.v and Sunday Age-Herald.$8.00 I>atly and Sunday. per month.7ft Sunday Age-Herald, per annum.2.0ft Weekly Age-Herald, per annum. 1.00 Subscription payable In advance. 1j. H. Russ. J. F. Keeley and W F. Jordan are the only authorized traveling representatives of The Age-Herald in its cireulation department. No communication will be published %’ithout its author's name. Rejected man uscripts will not be returned unless •tamps are enclosed for that purpose. Remittances can be made at current rate of exchange. The Age-Herald will not be responsible for money sent through the malls. Address THE AOE-HERAHD. Birmingham, Ala. Eastern business office, rooms 48 to 50, inclusive. Tribune building. New York City; western business office. Tribune building. Chicago. The. S. C. Beckwith Special Agency, agents foreign advertis ing Washington Bureau Age-Herald 1421 G •treet, N. W. Give to a gracious message «A host of tongues; but let ill tidings tell Themselves, when they be felt. —Antony and Cleopatra. Howard’s Commencement. The dedication of Library hall at the commencement exercises of the pres ent week at Howard college shows what the aspiration of that institution and the spirit of President Montague atand for. They are determined not only to provide for all needful equip ment, but also to secure an ample en dowment. fund. Howard college stood still a long time waiting for such advantages to be handed to it by the great church it rep resents, but when the Baptists of Ala bama neglected to hand over the funds President Montague simply said he would go out among those self-same Baptists anil others and get what the college needs and what the church stood ready to give when the situation was brought plainly before it. The results are before us. An en dowment, fund of $100,000 all told lias been secured, and the Library hall and \ the Renfroe dormitory show what can be accomplished when there is a man to lead the way. What has been ac complished is, however, but a begin , ring.,The Baptists are becoming proud oPhowanl college, and they have con fidence in President Montague, and there is In the air a feeling that How ard college will speedily be expanded Into a noble university. The Baptists for Alabama need a strong educational Institution, and in order to get one they have but to put a few more fine buildings on the campus and to add a few more round sums to the endow ment fund. They will do it. Opening the Warrior. Congress does not propose to pass a rivers and harbors bill, but the open ing of the Warrior is to be progressed steadily nevertheless. Our river and hope for cheap transportation to the sea is under the continuing contract system, and contracts for its dams and locks are let to bo paid for annually. The money to be expended on the Improvement of the Warrior in the coming fiscal year is put at at $543, 466, and that sum is an item in the sundry civil appropriation bill. That bill will be considered in the House thiB week, and it will soon become a law. The item in question will not carry slackwater navigation to the forks of the river, hut it will carry it to a point that will enable a single generous appropriation in a rivers and harbors to overcome Squaw shoals, and open the river to the forks, which may be said to be the focal central point of this mineral district. The Ixtcust and Mulberry forks come together at the very heart of our coal deposits at a point about twenty miles front Bir Hilngham, with two railroad bridges in plain sight. For all practical purposes the Warrior will be opened when there Is from the forks of the Warrior six feet of slackwater navigation the year round to the sea. This long-wlshed-for consummation should be reached not later than the year 1909. Mr. Cassatt and Mr. Baer. President Cassatt Is coming liome to face a popular storm of the first mag nitude. He cannot hope to weather that storm unless he shows that the grafters who filled their pockets with gift stock did so without his knowledge and without injury to the stockholders he represents. Even then those stock holders may say It was hts business to know what was going on In the busi ness he was set to supervise and con duct. ' He can not say (hat the gifts of coal Clocks to his subordinates were mere Christmas or friendship matters. Stocks are not given away on that basis. They are usually given away to cecure.by ue underground route posi tive benefits and advantages—prefer •Btlals, to use a railroad word. He eui not easily explain away the fact that donors of coal stocks got plenty oars nod other advantages, while their competitors who handed over no free stock suffered correspondingly, and in some cases were frozen out., The Pennsylvania, like the Standard Oil, was engaged in crushing competi tion, employing, however, greater but equally efficient means to that end. But perhaps Mr. Cassatt did not' know what was going on in the offlfce3 below his own. Perhaps, too, other railroads were doing likewise. Tht! other railroads have not yet been in vestlgated by the interslate commerce commission, which is said to have a great deal of evidence up its sleeve. Let us at any rate await Mr. Cassatt’s statement before condemning him out right, and beyond recall. Give him at least a hearing. As for the esteemed Mr. Baer, who is said to be slated to succeed Mr. Cassatt. He is perhaps the most unpop ular railroad manager in the country. He once took the position that he had been placed in charge of a coal-carry ing railroad by Providence, and it was the duty of his miners therefore to ooey him. His orders should be to them a call of Providence. There is little room for hopeful and helpful action in a man of that sort. Give Mr. Cassatt a chance to present his side of the case if for no other reason than in the hope that the country will not have to accept in his stead the man who says he is in this world strictly and wholly Providential, no matter what the next man may be. He is different, in other words. He stands apart from all the rest. He is George F. Baer. Politics in Tennessee. A straight primary was held in Ten nessee for the purpose of selecting a United Stales Senator, and a result was easily and definitely reached. The settlement is conclusive, and the sub ject has dropped out of tlie public mind, and ex-Gov. Bob Taylor will be duly elected next winter. But the machine politicians would not permit a straight primary for gov emui and other officers. They de manded a convention and got it, sim ply because they constituted the state executive committee. Many of the counties did select delegates to the convention in a primary, but the evil consists in the holding of a conven tion, for a convention is in Its last analysis but a conflict all along the line between contending and extremely BelflBh, not to say corrupt, politicians, in which the interests of the people are lost sight of. The Tennessee convention is a dis grace to Tennessee—at least its first day’s proceedings were, and it is to be hoped the people of Tennessee will have sense enough and courage enough j to put down Its politicians hereafter until they secure straight primaries in me selection of all officials from con stable to governor. Give the politicians nothing to handle at. the polls, for they stand discredited. It will be fortunate indeed if the democrats of Tennessee escape defeat at. the polls after holding a turbulent convention. Fights on the floor were common—fights, that is to say, with fists, and pandemonium reigned. Splits may be avoided, but at this writing it looks as If the democrats of Tennes see had invited defeat by letting the politicians call a convention—a thing long since repudiated as rotten in all the states that border on Tennessee. The state of Old Hickory and James K. Polk and Andrew Johnson should fall in line. Scandalous Delays. Albert T. Patrick, lawyer, killed the aged millionaire, William M. Rice, al most in the last century. The linger ing death of the victim occurred in 1900, and in 1902 Patrick was found guilty and sentenced to death. He has ever since lived in the death house at Sing Sing prison. He can not. get out of the death house, and the law will not take him out of it, simply because he has money and friends, and is him self a lawyer of skill and acumen. He claims now that the congestion of the lungs disclosed by the autopsy was caused by ttie embalming process. Hu asks therefore for a new trial on the ground of newly-discovered evidence, and he has been granted by Governor Higgins a reprieve for that purpose until June 18. He even had the audacity to put through the New York legislature two hills that would have enabled him to make the motion for a new trial on the account of newly discovered evidence before a judge of his own selection instead of the judge who last tried him. but Governor Higgins has vetoed the two bills. in doing so the governor of New York pronounces the law's delays as “little less than scandalous." and he says he will not do anything that tends to defer indefinitely the termination of a capital case. Governor Higgins is wholly right in his determination. The law’s delays is the excuse of all lynchers, it promotes lj-nching, and it fills this country with crime. The maximum of crime is here, and the minimum in England. Why? In Eng land no appeal from a jury is permit ted in criminal cases. The decision '» final, and 'everybody knows it. No in nocent persons are hung in England, nns there is a. minimum of crime in its crowded and distressed population? Here we have the reverse. Why? Read the record of the Patrick case, and you will see white men who have friends or wealth, are not hung. Here it is: William M. Rice died September 22, 1906. Albert T. Patrick, arrested on forgery rCharge October 4, 1900. Charged with Rice murder February 27. 1901. Held for grand Jury April 16, 1901, Indicted for murder May 26, 1901. Found guilty March 26, 1902. Sentenced to death April 7, 1902, Resentenoed to death December 6, 1905. Date of death, as set, week beginning June 17, 1906. Cost of defense, estimated at $25,000, Coat of prosecution estimated at $225,000, Time in death house, Sing Sing, four year, eight weeks. Senator Bailey’s raid on second-class mail matter was wholly within the bounds of truth. The people as a whole are imposed upon by a flood of cueap magazines. iue negroes in Washington are not accustomed to jim crow laws, and they especially dislike thqife of Virginia, which go into operation on .Tune 6. President Cassatt Is coming home to explain, and it must bo admitted that he lias an athlete’s task on his hands. It may take him all summer. The Pennsylvania railroad grafters are more afraid of Cassat.t than they are of the public. They have Vander bilt's opinion of the latter. If Baer becomes president of the Pennsylvania railroad he will seek votes from the stockholders, and not from Providence. John D.'s health is all right, but the Standard Oil is not as chipper as it was when H. H. Rogers first took the witness stand. President Cassatt will simply drop into the shoes of the late Mr. McCurdy or Mr. Alexander, and he may not like his new job. The prophet business In Zion City has deteriorated to $100 a month. Dowie would not touch the job at those figures. That noble summer sport called “Rocking the Boat” is now on the pro gramme, and the light-headed are test ing It. The lynching of a white man in Louisiana is a beginning at any rate rate towards an evening up of the ac count. Alfonso will have to hustle if he avoids falling out of sight after the wedding is over, as Nick Longworth did. Tuscaloosa calls for a Greater Uni versity, and in the next few years it will endeavor to secure it. High finance has substituted graft for those old-fashioned maxims that are still put in copy books. Wealth was all right until the ex posers spat upon their hands and grasped all facts in sight. Justice Brown has rounded up h!s career on the supreme bench. It was long and honorable. Wall street, men look at a seat in the Senate as they do at a seat in a mining board. The Senate cannot afford to adjourn until it takes up and disposes of the Burton case. A week of wet weather has given Alabama crops a healthy deep-green appearance. Paekingtown seems to be several degrees worse than Chinatown at it3 worst. The south gets no consuls or any thing else except strictly local offices. The rate bill conferees are Indeed Ihc cynosure of all interested eyes. Boston, alas, must be content with its present stock of Ibsen4plays. The thermometers are going up even faster than the Insurance rates. President. Cassatt is coming back to put himself on the firing line. Chicago's packing houses seem to be living up to their smells. Alfonso and Ena are simply a later edtion of Nick and Alice. The man with a hose is very popu lar these warm nights. Cassatt had too many wicked part ners, it Is plain. Spain is the place In all the world today. Japan to Use Corean Cotton. Tokio, May SO.—The members of the house who have visited Korea to study the cotton prospects have brought hack a hopeful report. They think that at a moderate estimate th"b crop ought to be worth $40,000,000 annually. Japan now Im ports yearly from India and elsewhere $50,000,000 worth of cotton, which probnhly will he largely. replaced by Korean cot ton should the estimate he correct. Gadsden Books in Good Shape. Gadsden. May 30.—(Special. 1—The expert accountant who has been engaged in mak ing an examination of the books of th« city clerk finished his labors today. The report will he read at the regular month-' ]y meeting of the council next Monday night. It is learned from unofficial sources that the city’s affairs are In excell«*it shape. REFLECTIONS OF A BACHELOR. From the New York Press. Some hoys that go to college can't even learn to play golf. When the cook has a good temper it's a sign she can’t cook. There’s a certain kind of fellow that is proud to be run over by a millionaire's automobile. A woman has such natural faith she can believe a thing she wants to, though she doesn’t. TtVere is ha rally anything as uncom fortable as to meet a summer girl you were engaged to and not be able to re bar now IN HOTEL LOBBIES Watching Construction. “I have been very much interested, in watching the methods being used in pre paring to ereet the new building of the Bell Telephone company on Second ave nue," said a man whose office is near the site of the telephone building. “The. contractor has a 'hard proposition to work out. He must tear down the old building and erect a new one in its place without disturbing the switchboards on the second floor, where operators are at work day and night. It Is no easy propo sition, and as the work progresses it seems to me to get harder and harder. In addition to the other troubles the con tractor has to raise the second floor about twelve Inches. “I see t'hat they are working on it all the time, men being at work by electric lights at night tearing away the walls of the old building. Day after day the propo sition presents something new and inter esting to me, and I am constantly learn ing something from watching it.” Railway Expansion. “I helieve that within five years from the present time practically every part of Jefferson county will be connected by electric railway lines,” said a traveling man at the Birmingham hotel last night. *‘I know' of no city in the south t'hat lias such capacity for expansion 1n this way. The real Birmingham is not con fined within narrow’ bounds like most cities, but its mighty arms are reaching out among the hills in most surprising directions. Populous and growing com munities -dot the county In every direc tion and new developments give birth to newr towns that spring up almost like magic, “To accommodate the people in these n.fw sections some means of transporta tion must be provided. The most feasible solution is the electric railway. “I am told that the Birmingham Rail w’ay, Light and Power company is extend ing its present system almost in every di rection and is constantly looking out for new territory, and is making plans to build new lines as fast as they can get to them. “The enterprise shown by the company in keeping pace with -the marvelous growth of this district is commendable. The service maintained is above the av erage, and T think the officials deserve much credit for the manner in which they handle the enormous travel of the district under the many difficulties ex perienced from the peculiar conditions ex isting here. x “Within a few years I expect to see the lines of the electric railway reaching out muc'h farther than at present and forming a network to almost every point of con sequence in the county.” Legal Holiday. Yesterday was a legal holiday in the northern states, but not in Alabama. This stale, however, stands at t'he head In the number of legal holidays. Alabama has eleven holidays on which the banks are required to close. There are eleven holi days in New Orleans under the Louisiana law’, but not all of these apply to the rest of the state. New York has nine legal holidays, Vir ginia eight, and so on dowrn the list. Mis sissippi is the only state t'hat has no legal holiday, not even Christmas. Camp HIM School. The Rev. Quincy Ewing, rector of the Church of the Advent, will deliver the address at the closing exercises of the Boys* Industrial school at Camp Hill to day. This school Is doing in a quiet w^ay a practical and far-reaching work. Memorial Day. “While May 30, the day set apart for decorating the graves of Union soldiers, has, In most communities, usually been called 'Decoration Day,' the official title has always been 'Memorial Day,' ' said a member of the Grand Army of the Re public. “In recent years the public has been, as a rule, using the correct word." Was Greatest Actor. "I have seen all the great actors from Edwin Forrest down to those of recent times, and no one will take Issue with me when I say that the late Edwin Booth easily outranked them all," said an old citizen. "In 1878 it was my privilege to meet Booth socially, on several occa sions. In company with one of his closest friends, The actor was always serious and always gentle. His manner was civ gaging In a quiet way, apd 1 was greatly Impressed with his unfeigned goodness. Remembering him, as I did, I was glad to find this description by Willie Winter In Munsey's—not overdrawn In any particu lar: " 'In point of physical advantages for the statge, Edwin Booth excelled all his contemporaries. Ills head was noble; his person was symmetrical; his presence was distinguished. In repose he was In carnate dignity. In action he had the ve locity of light. His voice was anlple, sonorous, thrilling, sympathetic, and at times Inexpressively sweet. His eyes were large, dark, lustrous, magnificent, the lashes and brows being thick and greatly contrlbutlve to expression. Hi*s style had been modeled on that of his father, but, as he matured. It underwent a radical change, repressing the elemnta of tumult and frenzy and exulting those of Intellect, poetry, spirituality, solemn beau ty and tender grace. His elocution was at all times delicious—a luxury to hear.’ ” Great Prosperity. British Commercial Agent Bell, in re viewing American business In 1906, says: “There are no signs at present of this great activity decreasing. On the con trary, there Is every Ipdicatlon that the present year will be quite as prosperous as the past or more so. “The country was never more prospper ous than at present. Industrial opera tions are carried on upon a larger scale than ever. Since 1875 the export of manu factures 1ms increased to an enormous extent, namely, from $9.1,0000.000 to $371. 000.000, an increase of $478,UOO.OOO, while total domestic exports have risen from $513,000,000 to $1,599,000,000, an Increase of $1,086,000,000. Daring the past five years the value of the real estRte of medium farms has Increased 33.5 per cent. At the end of the year the stock of gold In the federal treasury amounted to over $765,000,000. The wealth production on farms last year was $6,415,000,000. Exports to Cuba, $45,000,000 In 1906. against $-,.000,000 in 1903. a gain of $21,000,0000 In only two years." While the3e figures are not new to Americans, it Is well to have this unquali fied endorsement of our great success from a foreign and competing source.^ SHONTS SPEAKS IN ATLANTA. Comes Out Strongly In Advocacy of a Lock Canal. Atlanta. May 30.—Theodore P. Shonts, chairman of the Panama canal commis sion, was the guest today of Atlanta friends, and his presence in Atlanta was made the occasion^for several entertain ments and public functions, at which he met a large number of business and pro fessional men, and delivered two ad dresses. The first was at the dedication of a new building at Agnes Scott Insti tute, a college for women in Decatur, a suburb of Atlanta. The second was de livered this evening before the Chamber of Commerce, in which he spoke of the relations of the south to the Panama canal. He took strong grounds in advo cacy of the lock canal system. Later in the evening Mr. Shonts was entertained at a banquet tendered* by fifty citizens and attended by Governor Terrell and many others of prominence, politically and financially. GUILTY IN ENGLAND. American Convicted of Fraudulent Promotion of Mines. London. May 30.—At the old Bailey to day Harry Samuel Simmons and Frank lin Evarhart. Americans, charged with conspiring to obtain large sums of money by fraud, were found guilty. Simmons was sentenced to two years’ Imprison ment at hard labor and Evarhart to eighton months’ hard labor. Simmons and Evarhart were charged with forging shares and certificates in connection with Alaskan, Oklahoma, Crip ple Cre^k and Manila Mining companies. Evarhart In London, according to the police, was vice president of the Mining Securities and Investment Corporation, said to be registered at Oklahoma City, and Simmons wa* a director of the same corporation with head offices said to be in Newr York. Simmons said he was from Illinois and Evarhart from Pennsylvania. —-- f James A. Buchanan to Retire. Washington, May 30.—Brig. Gen. James A. Buchanan, lately in command of the department of Vlsayas, Philippines, will be placed on the retired list of the army to morrow on his own application. There is a lively struggle in army circles over the succession to the place, but It appears that the vacancy will not be filled Inline- 1 diately because Secretary Taft has not | had an opportunity to canvass the appli- \ cations with the President. Louisiana to Buy Silver Service. New Orleans, May 30.—Plans are un- j der way for raising a fund of $10,000 for j a silver service for the battleship Louis- ! iana. New Orleans is to furnish the j punch bowl. and each of the other fifty-eight parishes will furnlsf one piece, for the set. An effort will he made to have every ship named for a state in the Mississippi valley ordered here at the time of the presentation and make the event a notable one. Norwegian Cabinet Is Solid. Copenhagen, May 30.—It la expected that t'he cabinet, which as a result of the election for members of the lower house of Parliament finds itself In a weaker position, having lost four out of Its pre vious fifty-nine firm supporters, will not retire, and also that Us party. In spite of the seats lost, will continue to con trol the majority in the House because1 the Independents are sure to support the government in all important votes. Flood Threatens Walla Walla. Walla Walla. Wash., May 30.—Heavy damage Is threatened by a flood that Is sweeping through this city and ad joining county. The Walla Walla Power company’s dam, fifteen miles above the city, went out early -today, cutting off all the electric lights and power. Alder street Is flooded to a depth of three* feet. Two bridges have been# car ried away. Several houses have floated away, and It Is feared the damage In the country will be great. Berwind Remains Silent. Paris. May 30.—Edward J. Berwind, president of the Berwlnd-Whlte Coal Mining company, sailed for New York today from Cherbourg on the North German-Lloyd steamer Kaiser Wilhelm der Grosse. He resolutely declined to make any statement regarding the testi mony given at the interstate commerce hearing at Philadelphia. Woman Grapples With Burglar. Kansas City, May 30.—At Independence, Mo., near here, early today, Mrs. W. T. Campbell, wife of a prominent Baptist minister, awoke to find a white man over her bed, razor In hand. Although he. threatened to cut Mrs. Campbell’s throat If she made an outcry, the woman grap pled the burglar. In the struggle both were seriously cut. The man escaped. Teachers for Girard Schools. Columbus, Ga., May 30.—(Special.)—The new teachers for the Girard. Ala., schools were selected last night by the school board of that city out of a large number of applicants. Prof. O. B. Roper was re elected principal. The teachers elected were Mrs. F\ A. Threadgill, Miss Lilian Coulter. Miss Rosalind Blau, Miss Alice Coulter and Miss Clyde Stovall. News of Columbiana. Columbiana, May 30.—(Special).—'The Southern Bell Telephone company has about six men here fixing up the lines and arranging for the new exchange, soon to he installed. When this is done, we will be given tip-top service. [ H. Eh Whitaker, editor of the Colum biana Sentinel, leaves Monday for quite an extensive trip through California. -1 - ... -' ■ ■ Found Dead Near Track. Bluefields, W. Va., May 30.—A well dressed man with marks on his clothes bearing the name *'J. J. Oakes” was found yesterday on the railroad tracks near Ingleside The head was entirely severed from the body and the pockets were empty. Stormy Days for Barn Stormers. Ctadsden, May 30,—(Special).— Manager Mercer canceled the remaining dates with the PTiiliinon show’ last night. The com pany was heralded as something extra good In vaudeville. On Monday night half j of the large audience In the Palace pa I \1lion left the theater In disguist, and | last night the small audience hissed the actors at every appearance. Cupid Busy in Etowah. Gadsden. May 30.—Special).—Blight mar riage licenses were Issued In less than twenty-four hours at the probate judge’s office, and Alabama City leads, as is al ways the case, four out of the eight being from that place. 8o many licenses at this season of the year is out of the ordinary. Former Empress Visits Volcano. Naples. May 30.—The north part of the main cone of Mount Vesuvius continues Its explosion and eruption of ashes, ighich has extended to Capei and Sorrento. Former Empress Eugenie visited the ob servatory today. COUNTERFEITING RARE COINS IS IMPOSSIBLE I From the New York Sun. ARE United States coins can't be counterfeited so as to pass muster." said an old coin j dealer emphatically. ‘There Is no more chance of diemakerg being able to make an exact counterpart in a coin than there is to imitate successfully the impression of a man's thumb. "That there are imitations is true enough, but they are clumsy. Most of them are simple alterations of date. They I can be told at a glance by signs as un ' failing as the sun. I "While the coins of a series of years may seem at first glance to be all of one j exact pattern, yet close observation will i reveal distinct differences. No better ! illustration of this cab be shown than the rare cent pieces of 1794. "Fifty-six distinct varieties of cents were issued in that year, and ail of them closely resembled one another. Careful study enables experts to tell them apart. It was in this way that coin experts found that there were so many different dies made for the cent in 1794. for the mint records make no mention of the fact. “The favorite coin with those who alter dates Is the rare 1799 cent, which Is worth $200 and more if In uncirculated condi tion. The 1798 cent is the issue that most closely resembles this cent, and this is the coip that is used for alteration. No collector should be taken In by one of these altered specimens; for there were only two varieties of the 1799 cent, and each has marked differences from the coins of the previous year. “The 1804 dollar Is another fine exam ple. That Is the rarest American coin. You would nattirally suppose that there would be many attempts to counterfeit this dollar, for it Is worth from $1000 up. There has never been a single attempt to counterfeit this famous coin, but a num ber of coins have been turned out with the date altered. “The design of the 1804 dollar is the same to all practical purposes as that of the year preceding It. and in fact as far back as 1798. The silver dollars of 1798, 1799, 1800, 1.801. 1802. 1803 and 1804 are all supposed to be alike, with the exception of the date, and they do look as much alike as two peas to the novice. Yet the dlemakers each year have left trifling differences that make the variety and the year of issue as clear as daylight. “In almost every case when attempts have been made to imitate the J804 date the dollar of 1801 has been used.a speci men of which is only worth a couple of dollars. To all appearances the 1S01 dollar is precisely like the 1804 coin, with the trifling difference in date, and thus the person making the alterations seems to think he has nothing to do hut simply change the 1 into a 4. Yet the reverse of the 1801 dollar hears little variations that show the year in which it was struck. "Plausible tales are nearly always told by persons with such altered coins to sell. Not long ago a man came into my place from th<* far west. Out of a chamois bag which he carried around his neck he took two coins, carefully wrapping in tissue paper. “Tenderly he laid the coins in my hand. He was not a coin collector, he said, but had heard that these two pieces were very valuable and had bought them at a low • figure. “One of the coins was supposed to be an 1804 dollar, and the other the rare 1853 half dollar, without the arrow points alongside of the date, which ought to have been worth from $75 to $100. They were certainly" beauties, both of them, . and the old man told their history, which went sometliirtfc like this: “Back in the early '40s a farm seeker, with the family and ail his effects in a prairie schooner, came to a halt at a ferry landing on the eastern sijie of a river in Kansas. The man was at the end of his financial resources, and the only thing in the way or money he had left was a large silver dollar of 1804. “He persuaded the ferryman to take his outfit across in his flatboat and left with him this dollar, which the pioneer said was a rare one, worth ten or twelve dol lars back in the states, and he made ths ferryman promise to hold the coin until he called for it and paid the price of the ferriage. ‘The owner of the dollar never called*.* After keeping the dollar for many yeafT the ferryman died and his son disposed of it to the present owner, who had picked it up for the bargain price of $300. The ferryman's son, who was a good-natured fellow, gave the buyer as good measure the 1853 half dollar, which he said wag also a rare coin. “Now that was a very likely story and ought to sell any coin, but not here in the east. They were both very tine speci men ts and they looked good to the eye, but they were both imitations, and not worth any more than the metal of which they were made, except as curiosities. “The 1804 dollar was one altered from 1801, which a glance at the reverse show ed, although the substituted *4' would have given the thing away, for this last figure was raised very perceptibly higher than the ‘180.’ "As for the 1853 half dollar, it bore no arrow points on either side of the date, for the very simple reason that they had been rubbed away. The work had been done very cleverly and thoroughly. One would hardly suspect that it had ever borne arrow heads, for there was no indication left to show this, but the industrious workman had forgotten to rub away the rays behind the eable on the reverse of the coin. “There were two varities of half dollars made In 1853. One, the common variety, had arrow points on either side of ths date, while on the reverse rays shot out in all directions at the back of the eagle. The other variety, which is the valuable one, had neither rays nor arrows. “Attempts have been made to imitate the cent of 1815. No cents were issued In that year, and yet, I have seen a dozer specimens bearing that date. “Now the latter day imitators have taken up the task of adding mint letters to certain coins to make them resemble rare varieties. The accumulation of coins bearing these mint marks is taking a good deal of the attention of collectors nowadays, and the imitators think they have an easy field, hut their time is simp ly wasted, for their productions meet with no better success than the imitation ot the earlier coins and can be singled out in a moment. “The coin most often imitated is the half dollar of 1838, made at New Orleans. There were only twenty of these coined, and each one is worth from $75 to $100. To all appearances this coin is just the same as many others issued at other branch mints during the. same year, with the exception of the tiny ‘o’ beneath the bust. “From time to time persons have taken an ordinary half dollar tff this date and with infinite pains have supplied it with this mint letter. In the majority of cases the work has been done so skilfully that the letter has every appearance of genu ineness to the novice, but almost invari ably the letter is located in a spot differ ent from that occupied by the ‘o’ on the genuine coin. “Even if the imitator took care to place the mint letter in its proper position there are other points of difference in the dies which reveal the fact that the coin has been tampered with." FLOODS IN OREGON. Railroads Are Tied Up By the Heavy Downpour. Pendleton, Ore., May 30.—One-third of the people of Pendleton are either tem porarily homeless or have been driven to the upper floors of their residences by the rising waters of the Umatilla river. A big wagon bridge a mile above Pen dleton has been washed out, and the wrecked span has piled against t-he Ore gon Railroad and Navigation company’s bridge, threatening to either overthrow It or cut through the levee and flood the town. All roods are tied up, and will he for some time The railroad bridges above and below Pendleton are out. The flood Is sweeping through lower Main and Court streets, and all the business houses there are flooded. Rain is falling steadily, and many families have moved to the hills. ' Religious Wave In Phenlx City. Columbus, Ga., May 30.—(Special.)—A re ligious wave is sweeping over Phenlx City, Ala. Three large revivals are now In progress in that city. Services are be ,ing held in the Methodist and Baptist churches, located on the same block, and both meetings are drawing large crowds, while the services at West Side Baptist church, in another section of Phenlx City, are also being well attended. Shoots and Kills Brother. Live Oak, Fla., May 30.—News hag just reached here of the murder of Ed McCall by his brother, Bart McCall, at O'Brian yesterday morning. Bart McCall Is said to 'have become infatuated with Ills brother's wife, and In the night visited his brother's house and aroused hftn. Ed McCall, coming to a window, was shot by Bart. The latter has been arrested and has confessed. High Rice Causes Trouble. Shanghai. May 30.—The abnormally high prices of rice are causing acute distress, resulting In frequent food riots In the Yang-Tse valley. Merchants are holding their stocks despite the heavy demands ftom the badly flooded areas In Hunan province. The viceroy of Nanking has ac cordingly memorallsed the throne for spe cial orders to prohibit the export of rice. Serious Rising In Kiangsi. Shanghai. Muy 30.—A serious rising, as sisted by secret societies, Is in progress at Yingshan, In the province of Kiangsi. The people are seeking refuge in the cities. The British gunboat Snipe, from Nanchang, will proceed tomorrow to the scene of disorder. The governor of the province is sending troops. No mission aries are involved. Winners In Tennis Tournament. New Orleans, May 30.—Thornton and Grant of Atlanta and M. N. Smith of Xew Orleans won the semi-finals of the Gulf States lawn tennis tournament this afternoon, and will play the finals tomor row. Miss May Logan won the final in the ladies' contest. lYiornton and Grant are the only players faom other cities. BROTHER WAS LEADER. Chartered Train Which Carried Mob to the Scene. Tallulah, La.. May 30.—The coroner’s jury investigating the lynching of Rob ert T. Rogers two nights ago learned that the special train which conveyed the mob from Monroe to Tallulah had been chartered by Dr. F. A. orown, a brother of Jesse Brown, who was mur ...>red by Rogers. The conductor of the train testified 1 that all the nlen were masked, but ha recognized Dr. Brown as the leader. The jury returned a sealed verdict, which will be placed before a special grand jury to ho empaneled tomorrow. New Pole Vault Record. New York. May 30.—A new world’s rec ord at pole vaulting was established to day by A. C. Gilbert of Yale at the Deco ration Day track and field games of the Irlsh-Ameriean Athletic club at Athletic park, Long Island City. Gilbert cleared the bar at 12 feet 3 Inches, the best pre ' vlous record being that of Norman Dole of Oakland. Cal., who cleared 12 feet 1 32-100 inches April 23. 1904. HOW WE LEARN. By Horatius Bonar. Great truths are dearly bought. The common truth, Such as men give and take from day to day, Comes in the common walk of easy life, Blown by the careless wind across our way. Bought 1n the market at the current price, Bred of the smile, the jest, perchance the bowl; It tells no tales of daring or of worth. Nor pierces even the surface of a soul. Great truths are greatly won. Not found by chance. Nor wafted on the breath of summer dream; But grasped in the great struggle of the soul, - Hard-buffeting with adverse wind and stream. Not In the general mart, ’mid cpm and wine; Not In the merchandise of geld and gem9; / Net in the world’s gay hall of midnight / mirth; Net ’mid the blaze of regal diadems. I But in tbp day of conflict, fpar and grief. When the strong hand of God. put forth In might. Plows up the subsoil of the stagnant hearty And brings the imprisoned truth-seed to the light. * Wrung from the troubled spirit. In hard hours Of weakness, solitude, perchance of pain. Truth epr’ngs. like harvest, from tha well-piowed field, And the soul feels It hae not til vain.