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I. W. KARRETT. . Editor Entered at the Birmingham, Ala., post office as second-class matter under act of Congress March 3. 1879. Daily and Sunday Age-Herald.SS.JJO Dally and Sunday, per month.70 Sunday Age-Herald, per annum.2.00 Weekly Age-Herald, per annum.100 Subscription payable in advance. J. F. Keeley. W. F. Jorflan and \V. D. I/anler are the only authorized traveling representatives of The Age-llerald in its circulation department. No communication will he published without Its author's name. Rejected man uscripts will not be returned unless stamps are enclosed for that purpose. Remittances can be made at current rate of exchange. The Age-Herald will not be responsible for money sent through the mails. Address THE AGE-HERALD, Birmingham, Ala. Eastern business office, rooms 48 to B0, Inclusive, Tribune building. New York City; western business office, Tribune building, Chicago. The 8. C. Beckwith Special Agency, agents foreign advertis ing. Washington Bureau Age-Herald 1421 G street, N. W. For murder, though it have no tongue, ^ will speak With most miraculous organ. —Hamlet. Drago and Monroe Doctrines. All will not be lovely and peaceful at Rio Janeiro next month when the third Pan-American conference meets. The Drago doctrine will be there pre pared for a fight with the Monroe doc trine over the Roosevelt extension of the latter enabling one power to col lect by force debts due its citizens by another power. The distinguished Ar gentine jurist, I.. F. Drago, says no such power exists, or rather should exist. The programme committee of the Pan-American conference was forced to modify its statement of the subject. 80 that it reads now as follows: “A resolution recommending that the sec ond peace conference at The Hague be requested to consider whether and, if at all, to wbat extent, the use of force for the collection of debts is ad missable." If the subject had stood as If was at first presented several re publics would not have sent delegates to the Rio conference, and as things stand Secretary Root will have to be skillful and tactful in order to secure a full attendance. The Drago doctrine and the Roose velt-Monroe doctrine are at sword's points, and not a few of the delegates at Rio will favor action on the spot on the subject with no thought or care as to what The Hague or the rest of mankind may think of it. Argentine by no means stands alone on this sub ject, and altogether there promises to be a battle at Rio between the Drago forces and the Roosevelt-Monroe line up, with the chances in favor of the Drago doctrine. Turninq Out Iron and Steel. An official of tlio Tennessee Coul and Iron company recently stated to a reporter of the Wall Street Journal: “Within two years we expect to be turning out 50,000 tons of open hearth rails a month, which is at the rate of 600,000 a year. In the first six months of 1907 we exepet to turn out 125,000 tons, and In the last half 225,000 tons, making a total of 350,000 tons for the year. After that we will have a cu pacily of 50,000 tons a month.” This would carry the home consump tion of pig iron up to about one mil lion tons a year, and the production of this district, last year was but 1,60-t, 062 tons, and it will not exceed 1,700, ■ 000 tons this year. In other words, ■we will soon consume two-thirds of our pig iron product. A rail mill in North Birmingham would soon carry home consumption up to home pro duction, a consummation devoutly to be wished. When we go out of the pig Iron market we will begin to derive from our natural resources a fair propor tion of the benefits, but so long as we are content to melt ores, letting other districts turn the product Into mer chantable forms of manufactured goods, just that long will we lie at the mercy of other districts. We will not have the independence that should go Wuh our undoubted resources alike of fuel and iron ores. When the Tennessee company is turning out 50,000 tons of rails a month our battle for Independence will be half won. Mr. Evans’ Beaver Hat. The disclosures before the South Carolina dispensary Investigating committee almost rival those brought out in Pennsylvania by the interstate commerce commission. More was at stake in Pennsylvania, but in South Carolina gifts and rebates seem to have been distributed with a free hand. Contractor Davis engaged in building a house for H. H. Evans of Newberry, formerly chairman of the dispensary board, said under oath: "He several times saw in Evans’ pos session large amounts of money, a thou •and-dollar bill generally being on the outside. Once he had seen Evans with a leaver hat full bt money In greenbacks. Evans, he said, had told him Chat his friends had given him the money and other presents, and that these friends were liquor dealers. At that time he said that Evans was chairman of the purchasing board! Davis further stated he had heard Evans complain that other members of the board were not ylvlng lilm his share of the orders according to arrangement, and that he had laid a trap by which he and Briggs Wilson, manager of a distillery in Columbia, had seen other whisky men pass rebate money to other members of the dispensary board. Evans and Williams, he said, were stand ing on a table looking through a tran som." Governor Heyward has directed the attorney general to prosecute four former members of the dispensary board for malfeasance in office, and the subject has thus been thrown into the pending state campaign. Senator Tillman is hovlng the fight of his life in defending the state dispensary sys tem from the prohibitionists on the on^ hand and the wide-open crowd on the other, and the result is in doubt. Already disintegration is going on, for under a new law any county can take a vote choosing between prohibition and a dispensary, and several counties have already accepted prohibition, it is more than probable that the agri cultural counties will one by one be come "dry,” while the dispensar> will Unger in the counties that have cities until it is wholly overthrown at least on a state basis. It invites corrup tion, and South Carolina has never been able to purchase liquorB In an honest above-the-board manner. Hu man weakness and greed come in to prevent. Filth and Nerve Combined. Instead of tearing down their rotten buildings the eight big packing conn panies in Chicago have issued a de fence, and have called to their aid two college professors who stand ready to give the eight all the testimonials they are^willing to pay for. But the Houses of Kith are not stand ing pat on college professors alone. They have secured the services of Congressman Wadsworth, chairman j of the agricultural committee in the ■ House. Wadsworth is a cattle pro- | riucer himself In Western New York, and he poses as a friend of all other producers and of the eight allied pack ers. His partisanship Is so acute, however, as to amount to a scandal. He sees no blame whatever in the pro ducers of filthy meats, and he stands ready to attack in his committee room whoever does. He stands for the beef trust at all points and under all cir cumstances, regardless of what they did or what they may do hereafter. ^ The Wadsworth championship of the beef trust became at length so marked and unfair that Congressman Sidney ). Bowie felt compelled to remonstrate. He took the ground that Commissioner of Labor Neill did not come before them in the attitude of a defendant under cross-examination. This led to a modification of the proceedings in the committee room. Perhaps the most audacious proposi tion of the packers is that ail expenses of inspection should come out of the people, although as a practical monop oly they possess unlimited powers of taxation. In view of the fact that the packers are confessedly and wretched ly delinquent, they should be made to bear the expenses of inspection even if they do later on levy those expenses on the cattle producers. • The packers are as impudent before the public as they are filthy In their packing houses, and they should be given the Bever idge amendment without the dotting of an "i” or the crossing of a “t.” Immigration Restriction. The pending immigration bill in Con gress is sectional, because it Is an as sault upon the growth and develop ment of the south. The cities and sec tions and interests that are gorged with immigrants propose to suit them selves regardless of the south, which sorely needs white labor, and particu larly white farmers. Just when the south is in a way to get what it wants a proposition is made to exclude immigrants by apply ing at the ports an educational qualiy tication and a headship tax of five dol lars. Both are blows aimed at the south. Both were devised by men hos tile to the south. The educational test will keep out many Italians and other south-of-Eu rope immigrants, and It ts particularly unwise. They desire lo come here in order to hotter their condition, and just as soon as they can do that they will give their children educational advantages. The long and short of the matter is, the congested norlh proposes to roll the south of the opportunities it had had to the full limit of its capacity. The entire southern vole should be lined up against the bill. It means that a white south ts to be rendered impossible. It means that a flve-dollar head tax is more than the develop ment of the cotton Industry. It Is ex clusion, which is unwise. It does not refer to the undesirable at all, for de sirable Immigrants from the south of Europe often cannot read and write, and man) of them cannot pay a flve dollar head tax. When we invite a man to come here to grow up witli the country we should not slap a tax of live dollars on him. It was not done while the north needed immigrants, but now when the south needs them it is pressed into a bill that threatens to become a law—that will be made law unless every southern vote Is polled against it. Thomas Nelson Page says that Euro pean countries do not have a cordial feeling toward us on account of revela tions in American business enterprises. The attitude of Europe will readily be excused. The beef trust and the Standard oil alike deny the allegation and defy the allegator, but the public are inclined to think both have been caught with the goods on them. The meat packers do not, It is plain, rank cleanliness next to godliness. They do not place it at all. They are not on speaking terms with It That was a fine story told about the Carpatia cutting a whale in two and the stormy waves being soothed by oil from the monster’s carcass. The San Francisco children are going to school in tents, and they can Imagine they are at a circus while they study their A B C’s. A wily clothing merchant advertises "comfort clothes.” but there would be no comfort In a suit of mosquito net these days. When underground theatres come In the future the stage doors where john nies lurk will present a strange appear ance. Wisconsin calls the United States Senate “the bulwark of capitalism Rnd trustocracy.” This covers the case. The current pictures of ex-Senator Burton are those of ex-Senator Turner of Washington, formerly of Alabama The beef trust Rhonld borrow for a few days Chancellor Day, who Is primed against President Roosevelt. The corporations will be expected to pass their campaign contributions for 1908 out through the coal hole. Ethel Roosevelt didn’t get first hon ors at school this year. Secretary Taft's daughter took them off. He is no longer called Datto Bryan. He Is again William Jennlugs Bryan, and don't you forget It. Parmer Coburn will endeavor in the Senate to stick to his last, and let the departments alone. The New York Giants are taking their medicine along with the other teams this year. Congress may be called upon to say just how many holes there should be in peekaboos. The putting of new labels on old cans of meats Is an Industry we can well spare. The packers’ reputations need to be livened up more than their canned meats do. Connecticut has a blacksmith who pulls teeth and shoes horses with equal facility. Two pints of milk make one quart. So do one pint of milk and one pint of water. \ J. Plerpont Morgan's new art collec tion should not be considered Katin-ed goods. Lawyer Patrick says old age beats the electric chair every day in the year. "Scab" music won’t, go In Selma. It doesn’t sound right to union dancers. Take a shot at the beef trust. Every body else is doing it. The eruption of Packingtown smells to the clouds at least. Packingtown should reform itself by cleaning up. The dunia sharpens its knives before every debate. Hand-raised sausage are sailing at s premium. Taints money should also be de natured. Arbitration is unknown in Cananea, Mexico Guatemala is having a regular tamalo time. HEAR! HEAR! From the Shreveport Journal. That murmur of approval comes from the breakfast food foundries. MANY SUCH. From the Sacred Heart Review. Old Mrs. B., a lady notorious for her saving habits, one morning entered the doctor's surgery, leading a healthy hoy of nine years. "Well. Mrs. B." said the doctor, "who’s our patient?" "My nevaw from town," Mrs. B. replied, "Not much wrong with him. I should say,” laughed the doctor, pinching his red cheeks. "It's about 'is appetite, doctor." said the boy’s aunt. In a low voice. "What!" exclaimed the doctor, staring. Surely ho doesn't need an appetizer?" "Good gracious, no, doctor." replied Mrs. B. in horrified ac cents. "I want you to give me summat to make 's appetite less. 'E'll eat me out of 'ouse and 'ome afore 'Is month's olUlay Is up if 'Is appetite ain’t cut down!” REFLECTIONS OF A BACHELOR. From the New York Press. Being in love seems to he either all joy or all pain, according to no rule what soever. It costs 120,000 to educate some boys, and they never earn the Interest on It. A woman is pretty sure that If she un derstood mathematics better the house bills would add up less. Anyway, a man with money can't have the fun a man without any plans what he would do if he had It. Some men are so mean they would al most be willing not to have anything So as r.ot to have to pay taxes. IN HOTEL LOBBIES Birmingham Spirit. **I see that there is to be an election on tlhe incorporation of Fairview* June 23,” said a man laat night. “This re mind* me that only about two years ago there wras not more than a dozen houses in that section and most of these tvere at Rising about half a mile this aide of Fair view proper. “Now r believe they claim a population of at least one thousand in Fairview*. Most of this growth has been in the past twelve months, and I am told that prop erty in this section has advanced more than 100 per cent in this time. “The rapid growth of Fairview isr't'har- , acteristic of the Birmingham district and indicates the great possibilities of every section In the district that is touched by the electric railway system or has any of the other advantage* with which the district Is so beautifully supplied. “Fairview has the advantage of a healthy altitude, quick car service, the county sanitary sewer, electric lights, city water, good air and as fine a class of people as live in Jones valley." Very Realistic. “One night when I had finished work I sat in our store gazing at the woodside frieze which belongs in the decorative scheme of the stairway of the Southern club leading from the first floor down to the new cafe,” said a man whose Arm has the contract for the interior work. “So realistic was the scene that the spirit of the woods came out, as it were, and got hold of me. It seemed as though I could actually smell the woods and by putting my hand out touch the tress. What do you suppose I felt like at the moment when a 'possum walked into the land scape. Naturally my first thought was that I had ’em. I rubbed my eyes and took another look. The ’possum was there all right. He was walking round the room as though he owned the place. Well, I couldn’t stand the nerve Rtrain, so 1 skiddooed. Certainly it was a ’possum and it took a load off my mind to find him still there when I came back with some other people. I don’t know how he got there. He just felt at home among those trees, I guess, and wandered in. Any time you want to conjure up a ’possum take a look at the frieze. It will be on the wall to morrow." The Periodical Grafter. “It looks as if there is graft most every way you turn these days—work for the muck rake In high places and in the little corners—but the variety of grafter I want to use my little rake on is the man who stands round in the way and reads my periodicals, grafts, every day,” said a newsdealer last night. “You’d be surprised to know how many people drop In here dally and monopolize my stand. Of course I’m not selling so much paper; the reading matter and not the paper is what sells a magazine. So the man who stands here in the store and reads a periodical, then places It in the rack and walks away, has actually taken so much of my property, and I’ve received no return. Probably he soothes his con science with the reflection that the book is uninjured, but if he hadn’t had free access to it, he might have purchased it. At any rate he’s read It, and that’s what they’re published for. Its the same way with papers. Everybody knows handling detracts from a paper's appearance. Then not one out of ten can put a paper back just like they got it. “Yes. sir, the periodical grafter Is the man I’m after. Upton Sinclair can look after those of larger calibre.” Scholarly Musician. “Dr. Muck, the new leader of the Bos ton symphony orchestra, was famous In Berlin as an opera director when I was there a few years ago, but if he had had experience as a symphony director I was not aware of it,” remarked a Birmingham musician. “Dr. Muck is a conspicuous ex ample of the high intellectual rank held by musicians in Germany. He is a schol arly man and is a Ph. D. of Heidelberg. “The University of Heidelberg, by the way, confers Ph. D. for music alone; but the student who receives it for music must be not only a master musician but must be able to write luminous treatese on music and must be master of several languages. Dr. Muck was a student of metaphysics and received his degree on account of his philosophical studies.” # Weather Prophet. “I know nothing of the science of meteo rology, but T have been watching the signs of the weather for forty years and seldom fail to forecast correctly In a general way,” said an elderly citizen. “We are going to have a long hot spell. We will have genuine summer weather until the first of August, when the temperature will he lowered. August will be unusually pleasant—some like the early fall.” Transfer Association. George C. Harris of the Harris Transfer company, and his son George C. Harris, Jr., left yesterday for St. Joseph, Mo., to attend the annual meeting of the National Association of Transfer officials. They w ill be absent about a week. 'Phe nation al association has been instrumental in bringing about many improvements in the transfer service. The members are pro gressive men and exchange ideas for the genettt of the business which touches closely the traveling public. THOMAS HARDY. Prom Harper’s Weekly. It Is said that the first book Thomas Hardy ever wrote has never been pub lished, and the man who persuaded him not to publish It was no other than George Meredith. The book was called “The Poor Man and The I>ady,“ and con tained some strong revolutionary prin ciples. “Tess.” the most dramatic of Hardy’s books, wns inspired by the sight of a girl's face. Its author was walk ing down a lane in West Dorset when a farmer’s cart rumbled past on which was seated the original of Tess. The nov elist never saw her again but he found himself weaving a romance around the girl, and in due time “Tess of the D’Ur bervilles’’ appearod. The famous author is seen daily in Dorchester. He walks with his hands behind his back and his head usually bent, a slow, shambling walk, like that of a man prematurely aged. The whole face Is finely chiselled, but It Is the forehead which stands out paramount. He cares nothing for society; In conversation he seems unconscious of his own cleverness. In his own opinion the only work he has penned which will live is “Jude the Obscure.” and he be lieves that his greatest book has yet to come. Moorland and meadow are his delight, and storm and stress of tem- I peats hold no terrors for him. ALABAMA PRESS Roanoke Leader: The prompt bill payer is a useful and popular citizen. And his class is increasing. Atmore Spectrum: Senator Tillman ought to get some pointers from Mr. Bev eridge on methods of getting legislation “passed while you wait.’’ Anniston Hot Blast: There was a mighty rattling of the packed meat cans when the big stick came down among them. Andalusia News: And “the boys" tell us that fish are biting down on the river. Seems to us that fish always bite well ak ng about grand jury time. Tuscaloosa Times-Gazette: If there should be an Increase of fifty academic students at the university next year there would be serious trouble in finding dor mitory room. Sumter Sun: Beans have dropped to 75 cents per bushel, but the larger part of the crop brought $1.50 per bushel, and the same land has another crop on it. This is farming some. Greenville Living Truth: M. Witte is said to 'have retired from the Russian cabinet as a result of “impaired health." His chances for a long life are undoubt edly increased by his retirement. , Huntsville Tribune: We fail to see how railroads can possibly find cause to com plain in that t'hey are now afforded a legal reason for declining to issue free passes. Certainly it will prove a relief to them. Cullman Democrat: The workings of the old convention plan got a black eye in Tennessee last week. The cost of the primary is almost prohibitory, but there is a healthy absence of machine politics when all the people speak by secret bal lot. Columbia Breeze: It is said that the coming fashions will make our girls look as their grandmothers did, but no decree of fashion can ever make them act as their grandmothers did. And, as Job said to his sympathizers after giving vent to wdld lamentation over his boil hobby, “That’s no josh.” Selma Journal: A big wheat crop seems to be assured t'he wheat growers. Ala bama used to raise a good deal of wheat, but has almost ceased to produce It. It oan produce It agatn. It is a mistake to think that wheat will only grow in a cold country. For centuries Egypt was the granary of the world. Greensboro Watchman: At the com mencement of the State university at Tuscaloosa last week, the trustees Of that Institution conferred the degree of LL. D. on thirty-nine different people. We ought to he ashamed to admit It. but really this highly honorary degree, which Is sup posed to mean a great deal, was conferred upon some men In Alabama we had never j heard of before, and—upon some we have 1 heard of. Marlon Standard: The weather has been fine for the raising of chickens this spring and they are said to be plentiful all over the country. The hatchings were a little late on account of the cold weather, and they are just now being marketed. It has been several years since the country has had a good chicken crop, which Is no doubt Indicative that summer protracted meetings will soon be Inaugurated. Canebrake Herald: After long delibera tion, and carefully studying Into the fit ness of the man for the high position he smelts, the Canebrake Herald has decided : to give its support to the candidacy of j Chief Justice Samuel D. Weakley of Btr- 1 mlngham, who Is a, candidate to succeed himself as chief justice of t'he supremo court of Alabama—having been assured that he Is a friend of the people and stands firmly with Mr. Comer In Ills fight for railroad rate and other much needed reforms. In fact, we find that Chief Jus tice Weakley's principal opponents in this campaign arc the railroads, their lawyers and other of their officials and employes, j -♦ DRUNKEN CHAUFFEURS. New York County Pittsburg Dispatch. "The drunken chauffeur is the deadliest thing that this glided age has produced.'' So says Howard V. Norris, who owns four automobiles. Mr. Norris had just pulled a tipsy automobile driver from his seat on an uptown boulevard and turned him over to the police. Then he gave a trenchant talk on New York chauf feurs. "The chauffeurs of this city are the weirdest lot of beings that were ever classed together," he said. “A large per centage of them are ex-hack drivers. Some of them are loafers at heart, who wouldn't work If diey had the chance. They love to sit up In a machine and lord It over people who have to work. I venture to say with ut f^ar of con tradiction on the part of anyone who has studied the question that not 25 per cent of the car drivers are temperate men. T have found on Investigation that out of thirty-seven automobile accidents the chauffeurs In twority-one had been drinking. In nineteen of these cases the chauffeurs had the machines out without the owner's knowledge. Eight out of ten chauffeurs grow to be arrogant and Icsn lent the moment they get the lever In i their hands. Some 'lay some of them will be responsible for r. big tragedy here In this city, and then soma one will wake up and start a furore to regulate them by laws stricter than they have In New Jersey, which are not strict enough at that. Thr craxe for ears Is so great that most any man who cares to can become a oh uiffour m a few days, and It attracts the flotsam of ad venturers such as New York always has a bountiful supply of. One or two of the more responsible of the garages have club rooms and strict rules for their men, but In most of the places they are al lowed to hang around the doorways and on the streets, where they are a menace to any woman passing along.” HIS MOOD. From Harper’s Weewy. A member of the faculty of the Univer sity of Wisconsin tell* some amusing replies made by a pupil undergoing an examination in English. The candidate had been instructed to write out examples of the indicative, the subjunctive, the pot ential. and the exclamatory moods. His efforts resulted as follows: ‘‘I am endeavoring to pass an English examination. If »I answer twenty ques tions I shall pass. If I answer twelve questions I may pass. God help me!” CHANGE OF SCENE. From the Florida Times-Union. The forum for "You’re another” argu ments hat been transferred to Chicago. COMMENTS ON MEN AND MATTERS OF THE TIMES R. ERASTUS HOLT, a man who \|5/1 halls from Maine, with ideas, has ^ appraised mankind in a 4$ay that is interesting if not conclusive. According to Dr. Holt, a boy 10 years of age is worth $2061.62; at 16 he is worth $4263.66 and at 26 he is worth $6488.03. From that time until his death he gradually de creases R value, and If he Should live to be 70 he is w'orth but $17.13. These prices apply to the laboring class. A higher val uation is placed on professional men, a good lawyer, for instance, being worth nearly $30,000 when 40 years of age. It Is | a pleasant pastime which Dr. Holt has devised, but he seems to have overlooked the man who is worth but 30 cents. A man who 'had been dumb for twenty one years regained his speech the other day and abused the privilege by asking, **ls it hot enough for you?" THE STANDPATTER. Sing a song of Packlngtown, Magnates in a stew, All so flabbergasted they Don't know what to do. Awful the exposures made, Situation’s bad. While the individuals Eating meat are sad. Sanitation Is unknown, Filth Is everywhere. But the vegetarian Doesn’t seem to care. Every time Colonel Bryan's name is mentioned somebody gets up and Ihollers. Alfonso is settling down to the routine of domesticity. Our platform: More peeks in the peeka boo. WEARIED. I'd like to go away from here And hunt a change of scene WTiere I would never see again A muck rake magazine. - A Birmingham restaurant advertises a business man's lunch at prices ranging from 10 to 15 cents. A 160 to 1 shot won the other day. A few people were glad. There is not much chance of a vaca tion for the muck rake man this sum mer. So much remains to be done. John Phillip Sousa says that people are forgetting how to sing, but, alas, in our block every now and then somebody re members. From the way John D. Rockefeller con ducted himself on his recent ocean voyage one would suppose that he is thinking ol entering a popularity contest. TOO MUCH FOR HIM. A fellow wandered down the street— An awful wreck was he. His eyes so wide and glassy were Moat pitiful to see. He did not speak a single word, And yet '(was plainly read That he was very much distraught And slightly off his head. Some people who did know the man Began exchanging winks And said, "He tried to learn the names Of all the summer drinks." Alcohol has almost as many uses as a woman’s hair pin. An exchange attempts to chronicle what prominent people are doing,, but makes no effort to keep up with them after dark. The beef magnates sneer. When one comes to think of It, that is about all they can do. WHEN YOU ARE BROKE. Nobody likes you when you are broke Nobody wants you around. Cold the reception that you will get Scarcely a friend will be found. Nobody slaps you hard on your back. Nobody gives you a smile. Even the passing stranger can see That you are not worth his while. Nobody likes you when you are broke You are soon dropped by your “crowd,’* Closed are the halls where revelry romps Poverty there’s not allowed. Minus your roll you are down and out— No way of holding your own. Money will bring you a host of friends, Lacking it, you’ll be alone. Nobody likes you when you are broke Comrades will turn you away, Passing you up as a derelict, Having no kind word to say. Nobody cares for a man who’s down, Citizens, this is no joke. Living on earth without the wherewith Is hard on the man who is broke. P. D. Ooburn of Kansas, who has been offered the vacant seat of Burton in the Senate, is a devoted collector of horse shoes. Burton’s hobby was collecting dol lars and it got him into trouble. PAUL COOK INCANDESCENT LAMP TO ' BURN FOR 3500 HOURS From the New York Post. ON8UL E. T. LEIFELD reports it^v from Freiburg concerning a new electric lamp which, It is declared, will revolutionize the present system of electric lighting. He says that an Aus trian chemist, Dr. Hans Kuzel, has, after many years’ hard work, succeeded in con structing a new electric lamp, which he calls the Syrius lamp. As Is well known, incandescent gaslight Is cheaper than j electric light, because the filament wires cf the latter are very expensive and the glass bulbs soon wear out. Dr. Kuzel has now invented a new substitute for the glowthread, by forming out of common and cheap metals, and metalloids, colloids In a plastic mass, which can be handled like clay and which, when dry, become hard as stone. Out of this mass, very j thin wire threads are then shaped, which are of uniform thickness and of great homogeneity. These two characteristics are of great value in the technics of Incan descent lamps. The Kuzel or Syrius lamp ( hardly needs one-quarter of the electric current which the ordinary electric lamp with a filament wire requires. Experi ments, It is asserted, have shown that the lamp can burn for thirty-five hundred hours at a stretch. Another advantage Is that the intensity of light of the new lamp always remains the same, the lamp bulb never becoming blackened, as is now the case. The new lamp, it Is said, will be put on the market next autumn. *‘A number of attempts have been made recently,” saj's the Electrical World, “as is well known, to improve the light-yield of an Incandescent lamp, by the selection of a suitable high-meetlng-point metal for the filament, in place of carbon. A con siderable degree of success has been met with in the use of graphite, tantalum, and osmium. It seems to be only a ques tion of time and commercial process devel opment when the ordinary carbon fila ment, now so widely used, shall disappear. Reports have recently come to hand con cerning attempts to utilize two new ele mentary substances; namely molybdenum and tungsten, particularly the latter. Tungsten is a rare metal and has an iron THE ELECTRIC CAFE. Resorts Where Thrill Was Adminis tered at Every Turn. From the London Globe. Among other changes which have taken place among the cafes of Paris Is the total disappearance of the electric cafe. A thirsty Parisian entering one of them for the first time In his life found himself In a place which resembled a buffet more than a cafe, and In which the most re markable object was an enormous metal counter. Having swallowed his beverage he proceeded to place his piece of money on the counter, when, to his astonishment, he received a violent shock In the right hand, which probably caused him to drop the coin as If It were redhot. "I have had an electric shock!” he would exclaim to some frequenter loung ing near him. “Impossible!” would be the reply. “You must have knocked your funnybone against the edge of the counter." Protesting that he had received a g» vanic shock, the victim was assured by the lounger, who had been lying in wait for his Joke, that he had simply been electrified by the charms of the young lady behind the counter, Just as an audi ence at the theatre is said to be electlfied by an actress or prima donna. Again, however, on receivlnig his change the new oustomer experienced a sharp shock, being the more astonished inas much as the habitues present put down and took up their change without any visible disturbance by the electric cur rent. Then he went away mystlfted, to retfim, perhaps, later in the evening, with an inexperienced friend, whom, partly from curiosity, partly from mischief, he led up to the counter. His friend no sooner touched It than he started back electrified, but he himself found that he gray color, and is so very hard that It can scratch glass. Its specific gravity is given at 19.1, and Its atomic weight 1S4 (almost identical with tantaluml, thus be ing one of the heaviest of metals. It was discovered by Scheele in 1780. It is some times called wolfram, particularly in Ger many, but this term Is gao applied to a mineral consisting of a nbuble tungstate of iron and manganese. Until recently, tungsten has only "been known to most electricians as the nival which, when added to German silver to tbflJg-ag»J* <*c * 1 or 2 per cent, produced the alloy platin- | old, which possesses a remarkably high resistivity, the value of which varies only slightly with great temperature changes. "Like osmium and tantalum, tungsten has a lower resistivity than carbon, and consequently there is the same kind of dif ficulty In producing high-voltage lamps of tungsten that there is In producing high voltage lamps of osmium and tantalum. Nevertheless, 110-volt tungsten tantalum lamps of 32-cp are stated to have been produced. A very higli efficiency, and therefore a very low specific consumption, is claimed for them, namely, 1 watt per hefner, or .88 candle, while the lifetime at this specific consumption is reported as 1500 hours. Moreover, it Is said that the candle-power of the tungsten lamp re mains constant during its lifetime, apd that it Is not sensitive to fluctuations in terminal voltage. If all this Is borne out in practice, and the lamp can also be produced at a reasonable cost, a very ros eate future should be predicted for it. Up to the present time, however, the In formation offered is too meagre to admit of any reliable opinion being formed as to the merits of the tungsten filament. It it unquestioned, however, that its melting point is exceedingly high. In fact, ac cording to the inventors in Austria, pure tungsten does not melt, but volatilizes di rectly at a temperature considerably in excess of that at which the ordinary car bon filament Is supposed to volatilize. On this account a considerable Improvement in the luminous efficiency of tungsten as compared with carbon filaments when em ployed In incandescent electric lamps may reasonably be expected." could this time touch It with Impunity. He had now, obviously, been admitted among the Initiated; and when he had gone on drinking and spending enough to entitle him to confidence, the beautiful ‘■demoiselle du Comptoir" condescended to explain to him the mystery of the mat ter. At the foot of the metal counter was a piece of strip Iron, connected with one of the wires of a galvanic battery, the other wire communicating with the counter it self. When any of the initiated touched the counter the presiding goddess stopped the current, which only novices were In tended to feel. The whole device was only employed to amuse customers. The electric counters became very popular, and had rapidly spread all over Paris, when the government, thinking probably that such practical jokes might some times be carried too far, absolutely sup pressed the ‘‘cafes electrlques.” AT THE BRITISH CAPITAL. From Pick-Me-Up, London. The Duchess of Teck opened last week an Institution which has been neatly de scribed as a horsepltal, dogpital and cat pital. TO HELEN. By Edgar Allan Poe. Helen, thy beauty Is to me I,Ike those Nieean barks of yore That gently, o'er a perfumed sea, The weary, wayworn wanderer bore To his own native shore. On desperate seas long wont to roam; Thy hyacinth hair, thy classic facej Thy Naiad airs have brought me homt To the glory that was Greece / And the grandeur that was Rome. / % Lo! in yon brilliant window niche I How statue-like I see thee stand,! The agate lamp within thy hand! Ah. Pschye, from the region which Are Holy Land!