Newspaper Page Text
E. W. BAHRF/rr.Editor Entered at the Birmingham, Ala., post office um second-class matter under act of Congress March 3, 1873. Dally and Sunday Ago-Herald.IP.00 Dally and Sunday, per month.70 Sunday Age-Herald, per annum. 2.00 Weekly. Age-Hero Id. per annum.100 Subscription payable in advance. J F. Keeley, W. F. Jordan and W. TV Danier are the only authorized traveling representatives of The Age-Herald in Its circulation department. No communication will be published Without Its author’s name. Rejected man uscript will not be returned unless •tamps are enclosed for that purpose. Remittances can be made at current rate of exchange. The Agc-Horald will not be responsible for money sent through the malls. Address THE AGE-HERAEP Birmingham. Ala. Eastern business office, rooms 48 to ftp Inclusive, Tribune bnilding New York City: western business office, Tribune building. Chicago The S. C. Beckwith Special Agency, agents foreign advertis ing. Washington Bureau Aga-Herald 1421 G. street, N. W. _ K. .. They say he parted well, and paid his score; So God be with him. —Macbeth. Cattle in Alabama. Already steps are being taken, says the Mobile Herald, to make Mobile the chief place for fattening cattle for the Panama and Central American markets. St. Ixmis capitalists are preparing to get a good Btart and foot hold before the canal Is opened. But, asks the Herald, why should not Mobilians and other Alabamians get Into the promising business early also? "One defect," it adds, “too often displayed all over the south is that of allowing our western and northern friends to come in and discover such gold mines and then develop them, when we have all the capilal and ev ery other thing required for their de velopment right here." Home and outside capital should be employed, and Mobile should be made a great cattle port. This would as suredly promote cattle raising In a state that has vast unoccupied tracts of land—that produces great quanti ties of cotton seed meal and hulls, and that will grow 45,000,000 bushels of corn this year, and that could grow 90,000,000 bushels a year without se rious effort. Alabama will become a great cattle state when Mobile be comes a great cattle port, and both are within sight and reach. Labor in the November Election. Organized labor is to take part in an open and organized manner in the November elections, and Mr. Gompers is already at work gathering funds and mustering his forces for battle. "We need not stop to inquire whut or ganized labor will do as to the filling of local or state offices. Its hand will undoubtedly be felt In all political directions. It Is. however, In tho election of congressmen that the greater Interest arises. No doubt an effort will be made to place In Congress a "Group of Toll," not unlike the famous group In tho late lamented duma. But Mr. GomperV, efforts will not be confined to the election of a group. Ho does not hesitate to aay, openly to say. that he will attempt to defeat Mr. Uttle field of Maine. Organized labor has, too, marked Speaker Cannon and John Dalzell for defeat, and also two other members who are seeking ro-election In the Pittsburg district- These men have fought labor bills, and the Fed eration of labor proposes to square the account. The appearance of organized labor In politics may not be wholly new, hut its appearance in the open Is. The call for funds has been sent out—five dollars from each local, and one dollar from each member of the federation. This would give Mr. Gompers a fund in exoeuR of $2,000,000. He does not expect a sum so large, hut he does expect to gather In enough to give him free and efficient scope. He real ly expects to secure $500,000, and that amount would be potential in Mr. Qom pers’ hands. Big Doctors’ Bills. Dr. John D. Hildreth, an old-Bchool physician of Cambridge. Mass., com bats the growing plan in his profes sion which makes rich men targets for big hills. He cites a recent bill of $15,000 for cutting out an appendix of a plutocrat; the bill of a New York dentist who charged a client $1000 for filling four teeth, and the bill against the Marshall Field estate for seven days' professional service at the rate of $3672 a day! If bills are to be based on the abili|y to pay, then Indeed the price of gas or beefsteaks should be arranged ac cordingly. Dr. HiliJ-eth does not think the doctors have a right to es tablish a rule that is rare in other professions—that is unknown iu the general commercial world. True, the preacher who marries a millionaire expects a larger fee, and a lawyer makes a trust pay roundly for legal »U\lee a;ul aid, hut the general rule j calls for one price for all. Dr. Hil | dreth Is old fashioned, and he says \ doctors should conform to (he rule I that runs all through commercial at ! fairs. The question is one that will settle | Itself The doctor who presents big , demands will get but few patients, ' while the doctor who treats nil alike will be rewarded with a host of them. | There are many doctors In the world, and patients do not secure their ser vices by compulsion. All is volun tary, and the old familiar principle, caveat, eniptor, applies in this matter as in most other uffairs of this world. Great Railway Earnings. The Pennsylvania railroad was the first American railroad to reach the century mark in gross earnings. In 1901 It reported earnings that aggre gated $101,329,795, and it has not since fallen below the line. The Southern Pacific, will this year reach the goal. The New York Central and the Read ing are each approaching the big round figure, and no doubt they will both score in the next five years. But a long time will elapse before a fifth road Is added to the list. The Baltimore and Ohio reported last year earnings slightly above seventy-seven million dollars, and the Atchison came next with seventy-one millions- The Burliiytton is near the Atchison, but no other system Is near the Atchison. Only two southern roads are among the great earners. These are the Louisville and Nashville, which re ported in 1905 gross earnings to the sum of $38,317,071, and the Illinois Central, which earned in Its last fiscal year $51,075,026. If any southern road reaches the $100,000,000 mark It will no doubt be the Illinois Central, which is becoming each year more anti more southern. The opening of the Panama canal may put more than one southern road in the top glass. Senators by Direct Vote. Seven men have been chosen, prac tically speaking, senators this year by direct popular vote. Senator Bailey was the seventh and last man. Ala bama will add two to the list this month, and the Pittsburg Dispatch says that at least one-third of tlio senators to be elected to the next Con gress will be chosen by the people, freed from all middlemen and self constituted manipulators, and the time may not be far distant, adds the Dispatch, when all of them will be. The rapidity of the change may be surprising to one contemplating the past, but it will be more surprising in the future. The last machine senator will walk out when CUauncey M. De pew leaves the Senate for the Sen ate’s good in 1911. No change In the federal constitu tion is at all ueedful. All that is needed is a change In public senti ment, and events are fast supplying that. The choice of a president was changed in that, way, and the selec tion of senators will be handed over to the people In a like efficacious and peaceful manner. And then the won der will be that the politicians anil bosses were ever permitted to elect senators at all. These changes not only permit the people to work out needful reforms, but they also koep the federal consti tution In touch with the peoplo while permitting Its text to stand un touched. Revision of the constitution may become advisable some day, but so long as ways around it can be found the day of revision will bo postponed for strictly sentimental reasons. Howard college can double its en dowment if it can raise $75,000. Ttaa Baptists of Alabama, who are almost as numerous as tho sands of the sea. should be equal to this task. The men who neglect to cut their mosquito-harboring weeds/should be called to acoouut. at once. Carry them off to the city jail. Those who have worked a lifetime at the profession of being a relative of Russell Sago begin to think the divi dend period is fully due. The peek-a-boo waist lias been elu cidated everywhere except on the stump, and some man may yet run for Congress on that issue. The Biffel tower in Paris is to stand untouched until 1915 at least. It be comes the property of the city in 1910. It Is 1000 feet high. After Penrose had gotten his dose of standpattism at Oyster Bay Sena tor Dick was called in, and Nelse Aid rich Is about due. Fay Templeton has married a Pitts burg millionaire, thus laying the foun dations for more sensational news paper literature. Two hundred pounds of evidence against tho Standard oil has been gathered, and the surface lias only been scratched. There was nothing sectional in the collision between tho battleships Ala bama and Illinois. Both meant well. The shortage In chorus girls Is thought to be due to their appearance as witnesses in approaching trials Detroit outdoes Tom Johnson and all the rest fcy selling ten trolley tickets for a quarter. The throwing away of games on tailenders is becoming tiresome. "I never despair,” said John D. Rockefeller recently, but he was not thinking about his crop of hair. Olympia is out of commission, unfit for service. She was once reasonably efficient, even before breakfast. Richard Cheatham's resignation should go along with Ton}, 2!*ggart's and Chauneey M. Depew's* Alabama will be on hand In New York to greet William Jennings Bryan at least a hundred strong. No wonder Russians are hurrying away from Russia. It, 1b an excellent country to emigrate from. The weed-cutting ordinance was drawn to be obeyed, and It cannot be disobeyed with Impunity. Thomas A. Edison has taken out 784 patents, and he hopes to score a round thousand after a while. Congressman Burton Is writing the life of John Sherman, and It will be published this fall. Premier Stolypin has whiskers enough to enable him to feel at home in Darkest. Russia. Chattanooga defies the supreme court of the United States by re-elect ing Shipp sheriff. The city Jail should he filled with non-weed cutters until they bulge out of the windows. The only man who turns blue when It rains Is the stockholder In the local baseball club. Anna ^.ould, who was once a June bride, hopes now to become an Octo ber divorcee. Constradt and Sveaborg are both on the Bea road to St. Petersburg and Peterhof. The flies are spreading cholera tn the Philippines, except among the Pti lajanes. Memphis cannot win the pennant, but Liebhardt may if his arm holds out. The Olympia. In its retirement, should become a Dowey memorial. The net product of the Pittsburg furnaces is hot stuff. AWFUL! From the Yonkers Statesman. He—Neither male not female convicts in English prisons are permitted to see a mirror during the period of their incar ceration. She—Oh, now, that’s carrying punish ment to far! TWO EXPLOSIVE. From the Chicago Tribune. ' Tommy—Paw, what is the ‘heated term?” Mr. Tucker (looking at the thermometer and mopping his forehead)—It Is a term, my boy, that is not to be uttered in the presence of children. NO MACHINERY USED. From the Philadelphia Press. “But," postdated Mrs. Newliwed, "I don’t see why you ask 25 cents a half peck for your beans. The other mun only wanted 15 cents.” ‘‘Yes’m,” replied the huckster, “but these here beans o’ mine Is all hand picked." PROGRESSING. From the Detroit Free Press. Tom—How are you getting on with Miss Slippery ? Dick—Great! Tom—See much of her? Dick—No, but I’ve got her mother and her father and her little brother down pat, and now I’m cultivating the dog. After that, getting her consent ought to be a cinch! THE JAP’S UNHAPPY DREAM. From the Tokio Times. A porter In the employ of Messrs. Jewett & Bent, Yokohama, named Maati Jiro Horl, aged G2. put in an appearance at the Kagacho police station on Tues day afternoon and declared that he had stolen an overcoat belonging to Mr. Bont and sold it to a rag dealer. On examina tion, however, it turned out that the overcoat had not been taken from the house of Mr. Bent at all and there was nothing to confirm the theft. Further ex amination disclosed the fact that the por ter had taken a nap dhrlng the day and dreamed he had committed the theft. It then occurred to thlin that he had mis taken the dream for reality and he with drew himself from the police station with many apologies. MAMMOTH PEPPER TREE. Carplnte.rta Correspondence Ixis Angelos Times. In the southern part of Santa Barbara county, close up to the foothills of the Santa Yncz mountains that almost sur round the valley of Carplnterla. there stands a specimen of the pepper tree that is Interesting, owing to Its massive pro ortlons. It adorns the homo of Gideon E. Franklin, one of Santa Barbara county’s citizens. The tree was planted by a former pro prietor of tlie estate about twenty years ago. One foot above the ground the giant trunk measures 12 feet in circum ference. It soon divides itself into three well developed bodies which have respec tively an individual girt’h of }4 feet 8 Inches, 4 feet 9 Inches nnd 6 feet 1 inch, or a combined circumference of 15 feet <5 Inches. The longest boughs have an almost un iform reach of thirty-three feet, giving a rearly circular diameter of sixty-six feet. Some rtf teen feet o^ the longest limbs have been cut off in order to preserve the legularity of Us form. The height of the tree is between forty and fifty feet. The tree is supposed to be the largest of Us kind in the state. REFLECTIONS OF A BACHELOR. From the New York Press. Everybody would want to be poor if it was a scandal. A woman s shirt waist would be terribly immodest If it were a bathing suit. The only woman a man seems to be ashamed to make love to In public is ids wife. There is hardly anyl>ody who doesn’t like to think he's a martyr unless it really hurts. The longer a man waints for his rich uncle to die, the surer he is not to get j anything when it happens. IN HOTEL LOBBIES Iron Production. “The Iron production of the United Stales makes a record every year,’' re marked a well Informed Iron maker. “It will reach 25.000,000 tons this year. Hut the best of It is the demand Increases in relative.* proportion. Twenty-five million tons will not be more tham the country needs. When the annual production amounts to BO.OUO.OOQ tons consumers will be on hand to buy it. “1 remember a bearish circular that was sent to the trade in 1900. ‘Produc: | tion will reach 16,000,000 tons this year,’ wrote the bear. 'The demand is not suf ficient to absorb bo large a tonnage. There i fore It stands to reason that prices must drop to lower levels.' “In 1900 the production was only suffi cient to supply consumers, and so it will be this year. “The production in the Birmingham dis trict is not up to the tonnage compared with this time last year. Several furnaces ' are out for repairs, but by September the output will be fully normal, If not above normal. The Tennessee company’s Ens ley new No. 5 will be In blast soon. It will make upwards of 300 tons a day. The Liace.v-Buek company's Trussville furnace, now out for repairs, will be In blast in September. The Alabama Vonsolidatefi company’s new furnace at Ghdsden will be ready for the torch before a great while. The Vanderbilt furnace will blow In within the next few days. "Th* iron production of the Birmingham district* will reach 1,500.000 this year.” Harbingers of Autumn. “Already we begin to see the telling signs of autumn’s-approach,” said a man who loves nature last night. “Soon we will be in the midst of that most delight ful season of the year—when the barns burst with the garnered harvests, when the autumn elves paint with firey splin dors the leaves, and the winds tread ma jestically through the forests. “One of the first signs Is the far-flung thistledown that can be seen on breezy days sifting down across the landscape. The fields around Birmingham are well sown with the national flower of Scot land, and to an observer, the fluffy heads new yielding up their treasures to the air form pretty sights as they whisper of the melancholy days to come.” Cullman Potato Crop. "Though the recent rains are interfer ing with the gathering of the crop Cull man sweet potatoes are coming into this market quite briskly,” said Walter Wil hite. sales agent for the German Farmers’ association of Cullman, who was in Bir mingham last night. “The rains, however, are a benefit rather than an injury to the crop and the sweet potato output this year will be much larger than last season. Last year Cullman shipped about $100,000 worth of potatoes and the crop will possibly reach $150,000 this year. "We have the advantage this year of having an active northern market, some- j thing we have not had heretofore. Up to j this time we have only been able to mar- ! ket our potatoes in Birmingham. The northern market will assist us in securing better prices, as the Birmingham market will not he glutted, a condition that cheap ens prices of course. The Cullman potato is meeting with great favor wherever it j has been sold and I am sure that Cull man will be able to market all its future | products at good prices.” Saturday Closing. “I see there is an agitation on foot ! looking to an earlier closing hour of the retail stores of the city on Saturday 1 night," said a prominent business man, “and I don't blame the salesmen for j j urging It, when you consider that the stores In Montgomery, Mobile, Atlanta ; and In fact In all the clNn‘s, are closing ! from two to three hours earlier than we , close In Birmingham. Jt is a long strain from 7:30 In the morning until 11 o’clock at night. It wears out the mind, body and I soul of the overworked clerk. Any fair . minded man will agree that there is no* ! necessity of keeping the stores open later ' than 0 o’clock. This would give the pur j chasing public ample time to do their | shopping and the salesmen the required i rest. “I am personally acquainted with the majority of the salesmen of the city, and to meet them Sunday in the throng of happpy and contented people, you see, them with a haggard, tired-out looks, a result of the strain of tho day before. It was my pleasure to talk of this matter ] with one of the prominent ministers of | the city who seemed deeply interested in | the movement. He said: 'I number in my congregation quite a few salespeople and never see them at the morning services. I j ’have asked a number of them why I failed to see their smiling countenances ; at the services, and In each case I re ceived the same answer*: “We are’ too tired and worn out Sunday morning \o do anything, as we are on our feet from 7:30 in the morning until 11 o’clock at night, and by the time we get home and prepare for Sunday it Is morning, and to vget up and feel right in time for church service is out of the question.” ’ “Our merchants should get together on this proposition. They would enjoy the shorter hours as well as the salespeople. The matter should he token up at once, and every conscientious man and woman In Birmingham should assist in bringing about shorter hours on Saturday, which will be a Godsend anti boon 1o the sales men and saleswomen." Many Cafes. “Among the many evidences of Bir mingham's growth and prosperity are the large number of restaurants and cafes that thrive here,’’ said a new comer. "I counted seven high class cafes with in three blocks and as for the restaurants, big and little, they are beyond enumer ation. The high price places are well patronized and the cheaper eating houses seem to have all they can do." AN EX-EMPRESS’ FORTUNE. I From London Truth. I It has over and over again been stated j of late that Queen Victoria of Spain \ j will inherit a fortune from the Empress ; Eugenie, and one romancing journal an- 1 I nounced that the new Queen of Spain will | receive a dot of 50.000,000 francs from her , godmother, a preposterous invention, which, however, wus accepted as a fact j by many of the Spanish newspapers. The real fact is that tho fortune of the Km j press Eugenie will he divided at her death, one-half going to her grand nephew, the Duke of Albany, and the j other half to the Princes Victor and ; Louis Napoleon. A WARNING TO THE GIRLS. From the Caldwell (Okla. T. > Advance. We recently read a horrible story of n young lady who thoughtlessly jerked her head back suddenly to keep from being kissed and broke her neck. This should be a terrible warning to girls not to jerk back. Tn fact, it would be better to lean i forward Just a little. OMNIVOROUS COLONEL. Has Sampled Snakes, Puppies, Horse, Live Fish, Bear, Etc. From What to Eat. A man who professes to have eaten more different kinds of foods in more different climes than any other inan liv ing today, or than any other man that ever lived in any other time, is Col. New ham Davis of London. •'I was dining once with a Japanese family in TokJo/’ says the Colonel, “when a queer covered dish was brought to the table. The servant removed the cover, disclosing a live flah wriggling and flop ping Inside the dish. “They then proceeded to kill It before my eyes and offer me a portion to eat. I did so, too. It was of a peculiar taste, but not unpleasant. “Next to Japan China offers the great est array or marvellous uishes. Eggs 40 or 50 years old, which have been burled for those periods in clay, are held up to be the greatest delicacies in the empire. The longer the egg is interred the finer it is supposed to be. The Chinese egg that is sent to the table is almost black and its flavor reminds one of an overripe\ egg that has been hard boiled and then served. “I have eaten many disagreeable things in China—merely for 4.he experience, of course. Among these were sea slugs, a sort of oyster, and fattened puppy. The most disagreeable, however, was a bit of cold pig’s liver wrapped around a prune. There was no escape for me from eating this, though I tried to avoid it. My neigh bor at the table picked up the liver and the prune with his chopsticks and held them before my lips. I could do nothing but open my mouth and allow the com bination to be Inserted, because It is considered a signal honor in the Celestial kingdom to have a fellow guest offer you a dainty morsel in the aforesaid man ner. “The fattened puppy tasted something like a baked suckling pig. The puppy is fed on rice and milk for several months before It is killed to be eaten, and the flesh is tender and quite palatable. “In Africa—Uhe Transvaal—I have lived on trek cattle, hedgehogs and other things. They tasted peculiar. “I have often eaten fried serpent in Africa. This did not appeal to me, how ever. It tasted something like an eel of an inferior, oily sort. “Rumania is the only country where I have tried bear. The meat of the animal from which I had a steak was much like the stringy flesh of an ox of ques tionable age. I believe the best boar meat Is that from n small species which inhabits Cashmere and which feeds most ly on wild fruit. “Turkish restaurants were more ac ceptable than a 'person would be led to believe. One of their most noted dishes Is a joint of lamb boiled to shreds and the small pieces eaten with the fingers. “Horseflesh I have eaten in South Af rica. to return to that country again. It was at Ladysmith this was served, because there was nothing else. The flesh of the horse is unsatisfactory, as it is sweet and tough. Our men at Lady smith became tired of it. "There Is one wild beast T have not partaken of, and that is lion's flesh. I have never heard of this being eaten, but T should Imagine fron? the nature of the beast the flesh would be dry and stringy, coupled with a rank taste. The lion is lacking in fat. I shot several in India, hut their bodies were nothing but hard muscle. It is the same with the buck you kill in India and Africa. The ani mals are destitute of fat. "I think Monte Carlo is the most ex pensive place in the world to dine. One cannot get any kind of a respectable j meal there for less than $15 or $20. For 1 every glass of old brandy there you will 1 be asked to pay $2.50. In Paris there is some cognac bottled before the battle of Waterloo which commands $5 a thimble- ! ful.“ RACE PROBLEM IN SOUTH AFRICA From the London National Review. When some fifty or sixty thousand min ers are required to be continually at work underground an experiment can hardly be called successful which in duces a mere handful of men In the direst extremities to perform unskilled work in the mines for about a month, after which they are no longer able to endure the universal contempt and hatred which is shown them at every turn by their ; fellow whites. Their mates will not speak to them, their foremen treat them as dogs; the degradation is intolerable, and they are glad to return from such utter shame t,o honorable starvation. The five Chester miners who lately returned to England claiming to have worked for seme months in the Transvaal mines never touched a pick at Johannesburg, but worked on the alluvial mines at Bar berton, where there Is no underground labor whatever. In South Africa the white colonist is apt to forget theories, and remember only the fact that he is one o fa million white souls in the midst of many times their number of blacks; that nothing can preserve the authority of this handful of rulers scattered over a vast / continent but that deep respect for their color and gifts which has long been inculcated on the native mind by generations alike of Briton and Boer. The distinction, there fore. between white and black is kept up more rigidly than ever that of class in Rome or of caste in India. In all branches of labor a white man will rather starve than do black man's work. CHINA BUILDING RAILROADS. Dr. W. A. P. Martin In the World's Work. The first railroad In China was built by an English company and extended from Shanghai to Wusung. a distance of twelve m<las. Shortly aifter It began running the looal government, by Instruc tions from Peking, bought out the share holders, and we thought that the snort of the Iron horse would soon be heard In the far interior. What was our surprise to see the track torn up and the locomo tive dumped Into the river, not by a mob. but by tb© mandarins! The government recently bought up the shares of our American company, paying. It Is said, no less than 300 per cent on the capital. Instead of following the bigoted precedent of thirty years ago. they are pushing the construction of a road from Hankow to Canton. They know that what China needs to bind her provinces together and to mould 'her people into unity Is a system of railroads. At pres ent she has only 3000 miles In operation, less than 1 per cent of our own railway mileage. It is safe to predict that In ten yeara the railway mileage of China will multi ply more than tenfold. The Chinese are convinced that railroads, so far from be ing a danger, are a source of wealth as well as of strength. Instead of importing rails they are now making them In Han yang at an arsenal whose complete equip I have had occasion to admire. RIVAL TO THE HIGH HANDSHAKE From the New York Press. One Ixmdon hostess of high degree, whose word earrles weight, has pro nounced against the high handshake. She Is not the only woman who says such a band clasp makes grace impossible. Mrs. w. R. Travers Is Introducing n new hand shake at Newport. At least, it's new for the day, though ntir forebears may have used it. The hand is extended on a level with the waist line and the grip is “calm" and "earnest." as its admirers tell it. not the droput-like-a-hot-potato shake, which has been tltc recent expres sion of alleged cordiality. “A cold, radi ant smike" (whatever that marvel may be) Is the handshake's accessory. INTERESTING HABITS OF BUTTERFLIES AND MOTHS From the Saturday Revlow. WHY the world should care for birds so much more than for butterflies and moths has some times perplexed the naturalist mind. Watch butterflies and moths closely, not In a cork lined case, but the living and free and real thing In the open air, and you need not rare patience or intelligence to find out that they are lovely In their dress, curfously interesting and often ex quisite in their habits. Take their food. There may be a few' exceptions, us the purple emperor butterfly which has an ugly letch for carrion^ but on the whole our English butterflies and moths are the most refined, the daintiest eaters in the world. Epicene their feasts may be iq the sense that members of both sexes will sit down at the same board—perhaps the pinky white blossoms' of some great burnet saxifrage or of cowparship in July —but not epicene If that be many courses, gross feeding or carouse. It is as food etheraliaed that the skipper butterflies or the hummingbird moths sip from the flowers. The very honey in the bee comb is not bo chaste, so absolutely unpol luted as the nectar which the skipper but terflies draw' from the wild vetchlings, or the small copper butterfly from the wild thymes; or as that scented supper which conopsea. the fragrant orchid, at this season pays as marriage fee to thf moths by the riverside. And then the choice way they take their food! Our way at best is by comparison hogging in the trough. Kneeling In the grasses and bending down very gently one may see the butterfly unroll a long halr-like spring, the trunk, and plunge this be neath the petals. A minute fraction of a drop of nectar is all that it extracts. Per haps the butterfly doe* not always carry out his part of the bargain; he may get his nectar without conveying pollen be tween another to pistil; but the amounWof nectar is so trivial that the stingiest, hardest bargaining flower knowing of the offense, might pardon it. Nectar has but one drawback—its a little sticky. The skipper butterfly knows this, and he will not roll up and put away his delicate, feeling trunk till he has cleared it of the smaJlest speck of sweet. He has no nap kin and finger glass, but not the less he knows how to get that trunk quite clean and comfortable before he spins away for rapturous wdng play In the sunshine among the grasses and clovers. Or, again, the courtships of some of the butterflies-yfan anything be more delicate? Truly, like Browning's “lyric love, half angel and half bird," It is “all a wonder and,a wild desire.” What sweethearting goes on in June when the pearl bordered fritillaries are flying in the coppices of bugle flower and sleepy speedwell! You may often Bee the lady fritillary or th# * lady orange tip jilted after a furious flir i tation. the base suitor flying off; though little she recks, with such an abundance of suitors all around. If then butterfles and moths are often so spruce and graceful, so distinguished in habit—food, flight, courtship—and so suggestive of deeply interesting probclms of life, how is it we are not so touched and delighted by them as we are by birds? The answer clearly must be this: Butter flies and moths, like the w’hole insect creation—even bees and wasps which have politics and a wonderful organiza tion-are quite non-ruman. They are com pletely outside our world. At most, they remind us very superficially or fantasti cally of our own habits, passions, appear ance. Birds and our dogs are more “kindly human.'* There is something her# in the nature of sympathy—at arty rat# sympathy on one side. The songs of the thrush, the lark, the willow w*ren go straight home to us, their nests, their pas sionate care for rtseir young, their grief, short lived but poignant, over the loss of their young—these thinge touch us deep ly. We make exceptions; yet on the whoi# it is certain that wc honor birds, as w# do dogs. Practically nothing of the sort exists in our relations with the beauti ful, sinister and utterly aloof w'orld of insecets. The insect is nothing if not non human. Entomologists are not particular ly cruel or callous so far as one has noticed. Yet they carry about a cyanide bottle and brush into it and cork down rare moths caught in sugar and rum traps cunningly placed on the trees. Here* is a good test: suppose it were possible to collect birds thus—is it conceivable that any man with a conscience would carry about a cyanide bottle for the purpose? Violent words are usually weak words, but really a cyanide bottle for birds would seem like murder. Even in its form, its lovely outline, the bird in some ways approaches nearly our ideal of human beauty: whereas the beauty of butterfly, morth, snake, beetle, fish and flower is so often essentially non human: indeed from some of these we shrink in the very act of admiration; spider, mouse, moth and bat, each has a terror for some of us. WOMAN CONFEDERATE SPY HAD ADVENTUROUS LIFE From the New Orleans Times-Democrat. LTHOL'GH not known to many of Pj\ the present-day residents of this * 1 city, since she left New Orleans during the civil war and did not return, the career of Mrs. A. W. Dietz, the story of whose death was published In the Times-Democrat last week, is of general interest, conspicuous Incidents in her life having become known since she passed , away. Despite the fact that she rendered great service for the south in the war be tween the states, had once been wealthy, and was a direct descendant of Goerge Read, one of the signers of the Deciara- j tion of Indpendence, she died in an adobe j house of two rooms in the rear of the | home of David Gonzales, 802 Palace ave nue, in Santa Fe, N. M., her death-bed being but a short distance from the his toric building used as the capital of the territory, and in which Gen. Lew Wal lace, while governor of New Mexico In the late seventies and early eighties, wrote “Ben Hur." With her death ended a career, which for romance, adventure and the terrible scenes of the war is seldom read of save in novels. Many details of her unusual career are lacking. Before she became dangerously ill three months ago, Mrs. Dietz frequently told her husband and ] adopted daughter incidents of her varied life, but few of them are now recalled connectedly. As nearly as can be ascer tained from her husband and daughter and from 'her cousin. Attorney Benjamin M. Read of Santa Fe, she was born in Jefferson, Ind-, in 1836. Her mother died when she was only six years old, and a vfew months later she moved with her father to New Orleans, where he estab lished a drug store. In a few years her father became wealthy and the young girl became a member of the leading so cial circles of this city. When Gen. Ben Butler occupied New Orleans, t'he drug store was confiscated and his property destroyed. The girl then taught for a while in private families for a living. Her brother and father entered the southern army, the latter as chaplain and hospital attendant. Young Read was killed in the first battle in which to took part as color sergeant of a Louisiana regi ment. Miss Read, on the death of her brother, enlisted as a nurse in a 'hospital corps, it is believed with the troops of Gen. Rob ert E. Lee. in the army of northern Vir ginia, being at the battle of Gettys burg and other famous conflicts. Tir ing of her w'ork as a nurse, she became a spy for the southern generals. Many* times she entered the Union lines and se cured information valuable to the Con federacy, sometimes disguised as a northern soldier, with her hair cropped close; and again, with her face veiled In crepe, dressed as a widow of a sol dier. She served at various times with Generals Lee, Boone and “Pat” Price, as she called the latter. It was while with Price on a raid into Kansas that she was betrayed by a relative In the northern army, and captured by the Fed eral troops at Westport Landing, Mo., now a part of Kansas City. She was taken to St. Louis and placed under guard with other prisoners and kept in prison until the close of the war. While in Missouri she became acquaint ed with the famous guerrilla leader, Quantrell, and also with Frank and Jesse James, the Younger brothers and oUter raiders, some of whom afterwards became conspicuous as bandits in Mis souri after the war. When the war be tween the states was over Miss Read became at teacher at Fredericksburg, Mo., but upon her refusal to take the oath <jf allegiance she was ordered to leave the state and went to Illinois, where she continued teaching. In 1866 she met and married A. W. Dietz, who owned flour mills near Lincoln, Neb. Fire destroyed the mills and Dietz was made almost penniless. He secured employment at va rious towns, traveling with his wife over the greater part of the west. A few years ago her father, the Kev. Robert Henry Read, died in El Paso. Three years ago Mrs. Dietz learned that she was a relative of Benjamin M. Read, of Santa Fe, N. M., and so they went to the capital of the territory for the bene Ht of Mrs. Reads health, which, how ever, grew gradually worse. Shortly aftgs_ „ the war Mrs. Dietz prepared a manu script dealing with her life during the civil waii intending to publish the narra tve in book form, but the copy was ether lost or stolen, and It was never re written. Among her other claims to dis tinction, Mrs. Dietz had often remarked to her Intimute friends that she was a descendant of Robert, the "Seed Bear er." who crossed over into England in 1006 with William the Conqueror and wrested the crown from King Harold. WEALTHY MEN OF NEW YORK, From the New York Sun. An artless opinion was uttered by a witness In a divorce ease in Nevada Mon day, It was, in effect, that all rich New York men are unfit to have charge of a boy 18, and by Implication of a child of any age. This Is 1he picture of New York ‘■millionaires" which the yellow camera paints upon the retina of alien though Innocent eyes. To the "barbar ians" outside of this town such dehoshed savages do its plutocrats appear. The illusion is natural. Tile amusing thing about it Is that it is mainly the “millionaires" from the outer darkness, most of them brand new, rather hulking In their evening clothes and with a pas sion for ‘‘sparklers," whose invasion and sack of Manhattan make this 111 reputa tion for the tame villatic hoarders of golden numbers who belong here. The ‘‘millionaire" who swigs champagne, known to him as ‘‘wine,” for breakfast, and Is even suspected of bathing In It; the parochial Alclbiades who "sounds to this coward and lascivious town his terrible approach," the giant "lobster" of Robsteria, happy in gross* vice and happier still In the advertisement of It; this being Is In New York, not of it. Some times he has lived laborious years blame lessly. He hears of Sybaris. It fasci nates him. But he has not the cultivated tastes, the connoisseurship, tile retined philosophy of life that can make him an artist even in material enjoyment. Es sentially he is a bungler and a boor; and as such he is despised even hy his para sites and led captains. A composite photograph of the "wealthy men ^f New York," those who hava made money here, have roots in the soil, are not Just admitted to the freedom of the city, might show a decorous bour geois, much more of a Sunday school teacher than a "sport," averse to osten tation and publicity. The vices of this city are maintained by strangers. DINING WITH THE DOCTOR. By Emma C. Dowd, in Good Housekeep ing. Patty and Polly and Prissy May Proctor Once wore invited to dine with the doctor. With oysters came tablets of chocolate brown. With Sprudel water to wash them down; The soup was seasoned with, syrpp of squills. The salmon was garnished with ipecac pills. The turkey stuffing had rhubarb In. Potatoes were powdered with pancreatln; With cod liver oil was the salad dressed, Dotted with tablets of quinine com pressed; Wine of calomel ende the feast. And with this bit of thought the guest* were released: "Our ills come of eating.” the doctor said, “But my dinners make people immun# as the dead.” Patty and Polly and Prissy May Proctor Never again went to dine with the doetw.'