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THE BIRMINGHAM AGE-HERALD.
VOL 36 BIRMINGHAM, ALABAMA. MONDAY, AUGUST 20, 1906. NO. 110 STRICKEN CITY ___ Valparaiso Had a Population of 150,000 and Was Crow ing Very Rapidly LOSSES BY EARTHQUAKES HAVE BEEN HEAVY IN PAST Traveler* Describes the City as Re sembling Venice—Harbor is One of the Most Dangerous In the World. Washington, August 19.—(Special.)—'Val paraiso—whose name, strangely enough when today’s terrible news of earthquake and Are is considered, means Vale of Par- ; adise—has passed through many vicissi tudes. Yet in spite of them all It is the mistress of the southern Pacific, and the largest city along the coast from arctic to eubantarctic zone, with tne single excep- ; tlon of San Francisco. It Is, indeed, the San Francis o of the I southern cross, a city or cosmopolitan life, of picturesque beauty, of romantic traditions, and of vast commerce. The coincidence of fate wthich has doomed these two queen ports of the Pacific to destruction in the same mysterious man ner within four months is indeed remark able. Does it indicate some titanic change In the earth’s crust below the waters to the westward, s< >e agony of a world in travail under t' acean bed? The scien tists and seismologists must answer, or at least attempt an explanation. City Founded In 1530, Valparaiso Is one of the oldest cities In the new world, having been founded In 1536 by Juan de Saavedra, a Spanish sol dier of fortune, who named It after his birthplace In Castile. Its ihlstory is Inti mately Interwoven with the hazardous achievements of the Conqulstadores, and the mad quest for the gold of the Incas, which make many of the most Interesting pages in American annals. The galleons from Peru, homeward bound with cargoes ! of gold and silver ingots, found it a wel come stopping place on the southward voyage to the cape, and under the rule of the Spanish colonists It prospered rap idly. Ill fortune first entered the "Vale of Paradise” when Francis Drake, the fam ous English sea dog, began to worry the Spanish lion In Its new empire. Upon ] December 6, 1578, Drake entered the har- j bor with his little fleet and looted the ! town. John Hawkins, that other cele- j brated English filibuster In the days of "westward-ho," visited the city In 1596, pillaging It even more successfully than tils forerunner, and carrying away tons of plunder, after ravaging the port with fire and sword. Four years later the Dutch pirate, Van Noort. sacked the place, In reprisal for the depredations committed by Spanish troops In The Netherlands. Earlier Quake Losses. After these visitations of war came a series of natural disasters. In 1730 and 1822 the city suffered severely from the earthquakes which from time to time rack the Andean district. Shocks which par tially destroyed it. causing untold dam age to life and property, occurred In 1839 and 1873. In 1858 almost every one of its principal buildings was swept away by fire, and in 1866, during t'he war of Inde pendence, a Spanish fleet commanded by Admiral Nunez bombarded It with disas trous effect. The latest disaster was on June 30, 1899, when a tidal wave did great damage to the city and wrecked the rail road. "The Naples of South America,” Is a title which Is often applied to Valparaiso. It Is the largest and most Important city to the republic of Chile, being the port to the capital, Santiago, whlirh lies about seventy-five miles to the northwest, and with which It Is connected by railroad. It has a population of about 150,000, and is growing rapidly, although for many years It was in a stagnant condition. In 1875 the population was 97,737, and In 1885 only 95,000. The recent Investments of American and European capital In Chil ean enterprises and mines have, however, injected new life into the city. Seen By a Traveler. An interesting description of the city as it was a few months before the disaster is given by Charles M. Pepper in a recently published volume of travels entitled "Pan ama to Patagonia.” He says! "The city has many fine business blocks of modern construction, and the govern ment buildings are unusually tasteful and harmonious. All bear the impress of Ital ian architecture. The commemorative spirit finds expression in a group celebrat ing the heroism of Arturo Pratt, the young naval commander who gained un fading laurels in the war with Peru. On the Avenue Brazil is a bust of William Wheelwright, the son of Massachusetts, who provided steam navigation as well as built railways for Chill. There Is also a statue of Lord Cochrane, the Scotch man, who took command of the Chilean fleet In the contest for freedom from Spain and helped to bring victory. "The port, as is natural. Is cosmopoli tan. The German colony Is the largest, and after that come the Italians, though in Influence they are hardly so strong as either the English or the French. The French community Is self-contained and Is an important factor in commerce. The Britishers, chiefly from Scotland, are in everything except retail trade. Though the English language Is common, Valparaiso is the only city in South America in whic.t I have heard German spoken oftener. Vast Shipping Interests. “The Shipping of Valparaiso is vast and varied, a floating panorama of many na tions, like a miniature Hamburg. The English lines maintain a regular service of cargo and passenger vessels, and also a special service of cargo vessels to Liver pool. The steamers are of 5000 tons and upwards. The distance t(J Liverpool by way of the straits is 9500 to 19800 miles, and the sailing schedule is thirty-five days. Th* vessels touch alternately at the Falk JEROME WILLING TO TAKE PLACE ON HIS OWN TERMS New York, August 19.—District Attorney William Travis Jerome today Issued the following statement: "In the present shameful condition of our political life In this state, I am willing to run for the office of governor of the state If the democratic convention shall nominate me without any understanding, expressed or implied, other than that, if elected, I shall obey my oath of office as I understand It, In letter and spirit. “WlLtLIAM TRAVERS JEROME.” CRASHES INTO WORK TRAIN IN BLINDING RAIN STORM Johnstown, Pa., August 19.—Plunging through a blinding rain storm at the rate of forty-five miles an hour early today, a fast freight train on the Pennsylvania railroad crashed into a slowly moving work train at Sand Hollow, killing five and seriously injuring seven others of the work train crew. Three of the latter will probably die. Engineer Wood was the only member of the freight crew injured. The freight train had stopped at a wa ter plug near Sand Hollow to take water. A Fort Wayne freight was following and because of the driving rain the engineer was unable to see the work train until just before the crash. The engineer of the freight Jumped and received injuries from which he will *die. The firman re malned on the engine and was uninjured When the freight engine crashed into the work train It plowed Its way through the cars. All of the laborers and others of the work crew were asleep and those that were killed probably never awoke. According to reports Engineer S. N. Woods of the freight train had Increased the speed of his train Just before the crash, that he might take water In the water pans along the track and In so doing. Is said to have exceeded his or ders. When news of the wreck reached this city two wrecking crews were sent out. The conditions as described by mem bers of these crews upon their arrival were appalling. Dead and dying were lying on the tracks while some of the In jured were hanging out of the windows of the cabin car crying for help and beg ging to be saved from the Are that had started In the wreck. LEWIS MORRISON OF FAOST FAME DEAD BEGAN HIS THEATRICAL CAREER IN NEW ORLEANS—SERVED IN UNION ARMY DURING THE CIVIL WAR. New York, August 19.—Lewis Morrison, an actor, whose work as Mephisto in “Faust" gained him fame, died suddenly of shock on Saturday afternoon, In St. John’s hospital, Yonkers, after undergo ing an operation for a disease of the stomach. He was 61 years old. Lewis Morrison was born of an English parentage in Kingston, Jamaica, in 1845. He came to this country at an early age and enlisted on the Union side in the civil war. He entered the theatrical profession as an actor in the old varieties theatre New Orleans, making his first apperaance with Lawrence Barrett in 1865. He was after ward associated with Edwin Booth, Ed win Forrest, Tomaso Salvlnl, Adelaide Neilson, Charlotte Cushman, Janauschek, Rose Coghian and Agnes Booth. land Islands, both for mail and for the cargo of wool. They coal at Montevideo, Rio Janeiro and In the Madelras. “The Bay of Valparaiso Is a discourag ing one. It Is surprising that such an extensive commerce can be handled with such poor facilities. The shipping approx imates 1,000,000 tons yearly. The engineer ing difficulties In the way of creating a real harbor are well understood, though not easily overcome. The rains wash the hills down into the sea, but the detritus or silt does not fill In what seems to be the bottomless bed of the ocean, so pro found Is It. There Is no breakwater. Has a Dangerous Bay. "At the beginning of every winter sea son the question Is raised—what will be the harvest of disaster? It seems incredi ble that vessels of 3000 tons could be lost In this bay, but that Is what has hap pened. In May, 1903. when voyaging down the coast In the Tueapel, we were told that the Arequlpa of 3000 tons burden was the next ship following us. She arrived two or three days later, and took on car go and passengers for the return trip. One night a savage tempest arose, many of the smaller vessels were wrecked, and the Arequlpa foundered and went down with the loss of 100 lives. Two weeks later from my hotel window I watched the wild bay and waited three days for a chance to get off on the Oropesa, one of the big ships that run between Oalparaiso and Liverpool. The immense floating docks tossed about as If thev were eggshells; the buoys bobhed like dancing waterspir Its; the shooners plunged their noses Into the angry breakers until the mastheads dipped. In the period from 1823 to 1R93 the shipping satlstlcs show a loss of 373 wa ter craft In the Bay of Valparaiso, of which 100 ware rowing and sailing vessels. The money loss was Incalculable. Huge Harbor Works. ■The Chilean government, after many discouragements, accented the plans of Jacob Kraus, the Holland engineer, for conquering the difficulties which nature bad placed In the way of making Val paraiso hospitable Instead of hostile to the ships that bear the commerce of many seas. The estimated cost of the harbor Improvement Is *15.000.000 gold, although the-Initial provision was for *11. ono.ono. The scheme contemplates the con struction of a series of sea walls In the bay. The water Is so deep that It Is considered Impracticable to build a sin gle breakwater across the mouth of the harbor. It Is believed that the several sea walls constructed In the manner pro posed will protect the vessels and the merchandise from the terrific seas which drive In during the storms of the winter months. A dry dock Is Included In the proposition.” Port Well Fortified. The port is well fortified with heavy land batteries, and the bay is sheltered on three sides by ranges of hills rising from 1600 to 1700 feet in height On their slopes a considerable portion of the city itself. Ineluding the residence section, i? built. On the south side of the bay are the spacious suburbs of Nuevo I>a Male con. and Gran Avenida, out of which leads the finest thoroughfare of Val paraiso—the Avenida de las Dellcias. The lower central section of the city is called the Almendral. It has regular and at tractive streets, and contains the prin cipal business houses, the park, the Plaza Victoria and the national theatre. To the northwest of this section is that quarter known as the puerto, or port, in which are situated^ most of the public buildings and cna warehouses which l;ne the docks and quay3. Mmy of the st-ee.s | in this part are narrow and crook -3, but the newer se: ions li'e An. attrac tive, modern •npcar the business blocks being massively built. The city has various academic and col legiate institutions, a naval school, a school for marines, a museum of natural history, a hydrographic bureau, etc. Its Industrial establishments include foun dries railroad and machine shop3, sugar refineries, breweries, distilleries. boVling works and factories of all kinds. The lower part of the city is connected with PLANNING ANOTHER WAR ON CABRERA REVOLUTIONISTS EXPECT TO BE IN MUCH STRONGER POSITION NEXT YEAR WHEN THEY WILL HAVE MORE ARMS. Mexico City, August 19.—Leaders of the late revolution In Guatamala will meet in New York some time next month, where it Is said they will disclose their plans for a new uprising which is expected to occur within a year. General ‘Barillus Is now In San Francisco, General Castillo Is in Honduras, General Toledo is in Nica ragua and Colonel Plnedo is in New Or leans. Well informed people In Central Ameri ca predict that another and much better prepared revolution, with the object of overthrowing Cabrera’s administration in Guatemala, is certain to be attempted. They deny that there is any real satisfac tion In Guatemala among the people be cause of the restoration of peace, and assert that Cabrera was only saved by the intervention Of the United States and Mex ico, which intervention was largely due to a wish to prevent war between Salva dor and Guatemala, while the Pan Ameri can congress was in session at Rio de Jaelro. The revolutionists believe their chances will be better on the second at tempt and that they will have plenty of Are arms and ammunition. PADUCAH PAYING TELLER IS GONE RESERVE FUND IN AMERICAN GERMAN BANK IS FOUND $7300 SHORT—OFFICIAL LEFT CITY TWO WEEKS AGO. Paducah, Ky., August 19.—Rumor of Ir regularities coupled with the unaccount able absence of Phil J. Abbott, teller of the American-Germaji bank of this city caused an Investigation of the bank’s affairs by the officials with the result that a shortage of $7300 in the reserve was found. The Fidelity Deposit company of Baltimore, which was on the bond of Abbott paid the shortage and an agent of the company is searching for the teller. Abbott has been absent since August 1 and his wife says she does not know where he is. Two weeks ago he secured a leave of absence for three days to visit his brother at Robinson, 111., on a mat ter of business. Negro Saved From Mob. Augusta, August 19.—A Chronicle special from McCormick, Ga., says the negro population became so wrought up last night that white citizens to prevent lynch ing had to take Jack Samuels, a negro who had assaulted a negro girl to Green wood, where he was met by the sheriff of Abbeville county and jailed at the latter place for safe keeping. Girl Drowns in Pascagoula. Biloxi, Miss., August 19.—Elsie Creel, aged 14 years, daughter of John Creel of Biloxi, was accidently drowned last night in the Pascagoula river. At the time of the accident Mr. Creel and his family were on board his schooner, the Katy R., on a pleasure trip to Dauphin Island. the suburbs and villas on the heights with elevators or ascensors. Shocks are Frequent. It is a common belief in Chile that when shocks are frequent there is little danger of a damaging earthquake, and past experience has shown this belief to be well founded. It Is calculated that a bad earthquake is due to visit some part of Chile once in ten years. Chilean earthquakes manifest them selves by a quick horizontal and some times rotary vibration, and when the focus is near the sea the water also is agitated. The ground undulates, but very rarely bursts open, and even the most i violent shocks are over in a few seconds. For some time afterward, however, at gradually lengthening Intervals for twelve hours, theresi a succession of grandually I lessening shocks. Some remarkable manifestations have taken place during Chilean earthquakes. | By the quake of February. 1835, the Isle ! of Stanta Maria was uplifted an average j of nine feet, but It subsided a few weeks afterward and even lost a part of its I previous elevation. During this earth j quake two great waves rolled over the | town of Talcahuano; the deep sea, close | In shore, was dry for a few moments and : smoke burst from the surface of the i water During a very smart earthquake at Co qulmbo, in November. 1849, the sea re tired about 150 yards and then rolled back I about twelve feet high. An English ship ! anchored in seven fathoms of water in j the neighboring bay of Herradura, nearly touched the bottom from the receding of the sea, the water continuing to ebb and flow for ninety minute* after the shock. DISTURB CHILE 100,000 People Are Homels.s and Destitute, and Many Camp In the Hills TREMORS CONTINUE AND EVERYONE WANTS TO LEAVE Railroads Are Destroyed and There [s No Way to Leave Stricken City Except to Go Across Moun tains On Foot. London, August 19.—In a dispatch from Valparaiso without date a correspondent of the Daily Mall says: “Sixty per cent of this city has been completely destroyed. The death roll is very heavy. There were eighty-two shocks during Thursday night and there have been 300 more since then. The tremors still continue. One hundred thousand people are homeless and desti tute. Water is giving out. Surrounding towns have been destroyed and the rail road has been cut.” 80 SHOCKS FOLLOW MAIN EARTHQUAKE Most of the Damage Was Due to Fire, Which Started Immediately After Shock. Valparaiso, August 19.—At 7:15 o'clock last evening an earthquake of great se verity was felt and during that pight eighthy shocks were felt. Most of the buildings of the city either were ruined or damaged. fMb- loss will bo enormous, probably r$250, QQ,*' 000. Two thousand persons killed is con sidered to be a fair estimate of the cas ualties. Viena Dia Mar, having a population of over 10,000; Quiri'hue, 225 miles to the southward, with a population of 2500; Sal to Urn ache, fifteen miles to the north west, with a population of 6500; Quillota, twenty-five miles to the northwest, with a population of 10,000, and villages all around, were destroyed. Most of the damage was due to fire, which started immediately after the shock. The whole population is sleeping in the hills, in t'he parks or on the streets. Food Is very scarce. Milk costs two Chilean dollars a liter, and it Is almost impossible to obtain meat even at high prices. The railroads are all destroyed. Rain, which began to fall immediately after the first shock, stopped an hour afterwards. The nights are very cold and windy and the people sleeping in the open are suffering greatly. The captain of a steamship whiefh has arrived from San Francisco says that the situation here is worse than that following the disaster at San Francisco. 500 DEAD IS REPORT HAD AT WASHINGTON Official Advices From Valparaiso Say That Many Towns Have Been Wiped Out. Washington, August 19.—Official ad vices reached the state department today regarding the Valparaiso disaster. A cablegram from Santiago states that 500 deaths occurred In Valparaiso, and that many towns have been wiped out. It stated also that there Is universal mourn ing. It Is reported that at Santiago that there were thirty deaths and much de struction of property. The state depart ment also announced that Minister Hicks at Santiago, “under date of the 18th re ports that on the 18th, there was a fright ful earthquake with loss of life; many buildings being destroyed and that shocks continued until the date of his telegram, that the legation was safe, that the houses In the towns were deserted and thousands of people had slept two nights In the plazas and parks." A dispatch to the state department from the American consul general at Iqulque, Chile, reports that Valparaiso Is In ruins from an earthquake and Is on fire. He stated that at the time of the filing of his dispatches there was no communication with Santiago and no fur ther details were obtainable. The date of his dispatch Is In doubt. Mr. Buchanan, the head of the Amer ican delegation to the Pan-American con gress at Rio Janeiro, cabled the state department today stating that no Inform ation had been received at Rio Janeiro concerning the earthquake and asked the department for news. Acting Secretary Adee cabled the Information contained In the dispatches from Minister Hicks at Santiago. Cable advices were received at the Chilean legation today dated at Santiago. Chile. August 18 stating that the earth quake In that city was very severe but that there were few casualties. IS PROPORTIONATELY GREATER THAN FRISCO Thousands of Tons of Wheat and Flour In Storage Will Keep Peo ple From Famine. Valparaiso, August 19, via Galveston, Texas.—Proportionately the catastrophe here is considered greater than that which befell San Francisco. Valparaiso and negihborlng towns are wrecked and partially burned and In all the towns of the Aconclagua valley conditions are sim ilar. In the southern portion of Chile severe shock were felt at Conception, Talca and Zoos but there the disaster PROPERTY LOSS PROBABLY WILStfEACH $250,000,000 CONFUSION oe> HILEAN CITIES IS SO GRE/^^HAT IT IS ALMOST IMPOSS rg TO GET AUTHEN TIC A' NTS. There continues to be confusion of state ment as to the magnitude of the disaster to Valparasto caused by the earthquake shocks which began on Thursday, August 16. and continued at frequent Intervals throughout that and the next two days. Dispatches from Valparaiso to the Asso ciated Press received last evening state that a moderate estimate of the fatalities Is 2000 and that the property loss may be as high as J2B0,OOO,OOO, which latter is as great as the loss sustained by San Fran cisco In consequence of the earthquake and fire which devastated that city last April. A refugee who has arrived at Santiago places the known dead at 100 and other messages indicate that the first reports of damage and casualties were greatly exaggerated. Dispatches to the state de partment at Washington place the fatall I ties at about five hundred. These con ; dieting statements cannot at this time b9 adjusted. It is evident that even yet confusion and panic prevail at Valparaiso and until order is restored it will be im possible to ascertain with accuracy the loss to life and property. The dwellings in the city have practically been aban doned and the people are existing as best they can In the plazas and streets of the city and in the hills adjacent to it, with out shelter from storm or sun and with famine confronting them. Food is al ready scarce and high, water for drinking purposes is lacking and disease is feared. The government is doing all it can to bring relief. The crippling of railroads leading into Valparaiso constitutes a seri ous factor in the situation as for an in definite period relief supplies can only be obtained through other means of trans portation, the seaboard affording the best of these. i At Santiago many of the best public I and private buildings were wrecked. The ; loss of life there was augmented by the panic which seized the people, many of whom threw themselves from the bal conies of their homes. The destructive i force of the earthquake was experienced over a large extent of country, many towns sustaining serious damage. NEW IBERIA HAS ONE FEVER CASE DR. IRION HAS GONE TO THE TOWN TO TAKE PERSONAL CHARGE—CASE HAS BEEN ISO LATED. New Orleans, August 19.—The following notice was sent out by President C. H. Irion of the state board of health, this afternoon: "One case of yellow fever at New Iberia, 125 miles from New Orleans. Am leaving tonight to take personal charge." Dr. Irion left tonight accompanied by Medical Inspectors Brady and Mayer and Chief Fumlgator Destrampes. The patient is a mulatto boy, 12 years old, living in an Isolated part of the town. The case was reported as suspicious late Friday night and Saturday morning Drs. diaries Chassaignac and P. E. Archlnard went to New Iberia. They finally agreed this morning that It was a positive case. There is so far nothing to show how the infection originated. Dr. whi ne detailed to trace the infection, iwJd no, Efforts will be spared to stamp it out. / While no quarantine has been declared by Dr. Irion against New Iberia, he has instructed t'he Southern Pacific railroad not to sell any tickets out of the town, so that trains simply stop there for water. If after investigating the situation ho finds that there is no infection in the town this restriction will be removed. was not appalling. As yet no authentic news has been received from Santiago, although a courier Is shortly expected. Quakes recur from time to time, but are steadily diminishing In force. As to the dead and wounded an accurate esti mate is as yet Impossible but it is be lieved that the former will exceed 1000 in this and surrounding towns. The authori ties here have the situation well In hand and have assumed control of the distri bution of food. Troops and provisions have been sent for and with thousands of tons of wheat flour in stores here and afloat, it is not believed that a food famine will occur. Martial law has pre vailed In Valparaiso since the first day of the shocks and the entire population is camping In the open. Sea cables of Cen tral and South American companies mar velously escaped unhurt. PANICKY FEELING IS AMELIORATED Funds Collected at Recent Inaugura tion Festivities Will Be Turned Over to Sufferers. Lima, Peru, August 19.—The latest ad vices received here from Valparaiso says that the panicky condition of the people Is amelirating. Great damage was done In the Almendral quarter, the principal business section of the city and In Vic toria street few buildings except the man sion are standing. Advices from Santiago say there was a tremendous earthquake there which did considerable damage. The fires followed the shocks. There were few victims. The funds collected In Chill at festivi ties In connection with the inauguration of President-elect Montt will be distrib uted among the sufferers from the earth quake. SAYS FIRST REPORTS WERE EXAGGERATED City’s Water Pipes Were Broken and Streets Were Flooded Soon After Catastrophe. Santiago, Chill, August 19.-The latest news brought In here by refugees from ] Valparaiso contradict some of the first statements from there but shows, how ever. that the catastrophe was extremely severe. Senor Groz, one of the refugees, relates that the first shock In Valparaiso was prolonged and threw the entire city Into Indescribable panic. People crowded the streets and squares crying and lamenting. The first shock also threw down a num ber of buildings. The second shock was more severe and resulted in the crumbling of most of the buildings In the Almendral quarter. Plunged Into Darkness. Immediately after the second shock the entire city was plunged Into terrifying darkness. This, however, did not last long for the scene of destruction was soon lit up by the fires which broke out In this quarter. The light from the flames Senor Groz continues, was a relief to the darkness. The people were in an extreme state of terror many believing that the end of the world had come. Among the buildings destroyed were the Victoria theatre, the Bella Vista railroad station and the Club De Setrembro. Most of the severe damage was done on the low ground near the sea. A large part of the CULBERSON AGAIN ASKS FOR RELIEF THINKS WASHINGTON AUTHORI TIES DO NOT APPRECIATE SERI OUSNESS OF THE SITUATION AT BROWNSVILLE. Dallas. Tex., August 19.—Following a further appeal from the officials and citi zens of Brownsville, United States Senator Charles-A. Culberson has again appealed to the war department for prompt Investi gation and Immediate action In the situa tion In the Southwestern' ‘exas city. He sent a telegram today ( Jeneral Alns W'orth of the war department urging tele graphic communication with the com manding officers at the post and a re moval of the troops from Fort Brown, deeming this the only means of bringing peace. His telegram to the war depart ment follows: "Dallas, Tex., August 19, 1906. "Gen. F. C. Ainsworth, War Department, Washington. "Since the receipt of your telegram of yesterday officials and citizens of Browns ville have wired me again to the effect that there Is danger of further riot ami bloodshed at Brownsville unless the negro troops aro immediately removed. I re 1 spectfully suggest that the department could within a day get a telegraphic re port from the commanding officer at Fort Brown as to conditions there, upon which action could be based. Please wire me what the people there may expect. “C. A. CULBERSON.” The senator entertains the fear that the department and the President do not fully appreciate the gravity of the situation. He hopes to have advices Indicting that the department will relieve the situation without delay. St. Louis, Mo., August 19.—A special to the Republic from Brownsville, Tex., says: Major. A. P. Blockson, U. S. A., Inspec tor general of tho southwestern division, arrived here today to Investigate the re cent outrage committed by negro soldiers of the Twenty-fifth Infantry, stationed at Fort Brown. Typewritten copies of all the testimony taken by the citizens' committee last week were turned over to the Inspector general who will resume his Inquiries to morrow at the fort. St. Louis, August 19.—A special to tho Republic from San Antonio, Tex., says: Gen. W. E. McCaskey, commanding the department of Texas, has made a recom mendation to the war department at Washington that the negro troops at Brownsville, Tex,, and elsewhere along the Rio Grande In Texas be Immediately with drawn. The recommendation further suggests that the forts now garrisoned with negro troops of the Twenty-fifth Infantry be left without garrisoning In the Interim before their relief can be sent. buildings on Victoria street were de stroyed. Masses of debris block the streets. The known number of dead does not ex ceed 100, according to the best estimates. Among the dead Is the wife of Admiral Montt. Take Refuge in Hills. The hills surrounding Valparaiso suffer ed but slightly. More than 60,000 persons have taken refuge there. That portion of the city where are the customs house and the city hall, was not seriously damaged. A large majority of the houses are not fit for habitation. The store houses of the custom house are al most totally destroyed. The water pipes of the city were broken and the water poured through the streets. There is even lack of water for drinking purposes. Provisions are lacking and hunger is belnlng to make Itself felt. The government has ordered its war ships stationed at Talcahuano to bring at once to Valparaiso the most needed neces sities of life. The people of Valparaiso are utterely exhausted. They are awaiting the re establishment of the railway service to leave the city. Mexico Feels Sympathy. Mexico City, August 19.—Great sympa thy is felt here for the people of the Chil eans, and a national contribution has been sent the stricken people. France Express Sympathy. Paris, August 19.—The French govern ment has expressed Its sympathy to the Chilean government because of the earth quake disaster. Roman Consular Offices Razed. Rome, August 19 —The foreign office Is In receipt of a dispatch from the consu late at Valparaiso saying that the destruc tion of property there was considerable nnd that the consular offices were razed. Vanderbilt's Malntenon Wins. Deauville. France, August 19.—William K. Vanderbilt’s race horse, Malntenon, won the Grans Prlx de Deauville today* HEAVY SUFFERER 81 EARTHQUAKE Man| Are Beieied to Have Been Killed By the Fall ing Buildings PUBLIC STRUCTURES ABE ALL MASSES OF RUINS Railroad Train Near Leg Vegas is 8ft Violently Shaken While Running That Engine is Almost Thrown From Track. Santiago do Chile. August 19.—It is known that at least eight lives were lost in this city by the earthquake, but it is believed that many persons were killed by the falling buildings and that their bodies will be discovered later. Several persons became so panic-stricken during the tremblings of the earth that they threw themselves from the balconies of their homes and were killed. The fires which followed the earthquake in this city were promptly extinguished, but while they lasted they added greatly to the terror of the people. Lines Are Prostrated. As all telegraph and telephone lines were more or less damaged the exact sit uation throughout tho country Is not yet known, but advices have been received to the effect that the towns of Viralgo and Casablanca were destroyed and that San Felipe, Rancagua, Melipllla and Ijlalllai were severely damnged. At Con cepcion the shock was severe and a number of persons were killed or in jured. The towns of Rengo, San Fernan do, Qullloita and San Antonio, and many villages are In ruins. All railway ser vice in the central zone is either inter rupted entirely or greatly dCayod and commerce .is pruotically 0t a standstill. Much Damage In Santiago. i In the city of Santiago much damage | was done. Many public buildings, partlou 1 larly churches, were much damaged. The | buildings of Congress, the municipal buildings, the Normal school, the courts, i the Peruvian legation, the residence of President Riesco,' the central market, the perfecture of police and the National tele graph office were seriously damaged. The lines of the electric tramway system and the electric light wires were short cir cuited, Interrupting street car travel and plunging the city Into darkness. There have been several shocks of minor Intensity which have added to the panic stricken fears of the populace. Last night many persons slept In the tramway cars, In carriages and In the open air in the public squares and streets. The govern ment has taken steps to restore order. An inspection of all houses left stand ing 'has been ordered and directions have been Issued for the distribution of relief supplies to those In need. A troop of cav alry has been sent to re-establish com munication with Valparaiso. Severe Fire In Valparaiso. The alarming news flrBt received by tha government from Valparaiso as to the sit uation in that city has not been confirmed but It Is known that numerous buildings In the vicinity of the port were destroyed | and that there has been severe fire In the Almendral quarter. The Mayor of Val ! paralao sent word that 'he did not know the number of killed or Injured, but be I lieved that they were numerous. Firemen I left Santiago yesterday for Valparaiso to aid In extinguishing the fires there. The ' customs house In Valparaiso is reported to be burning. Several travelers who have Just arrived here from Valparaiso say that reports of the situation in that city were exaggerated. An employe rff the tel egraph service sent word from Salto, near Valparaiso, confirming the news of the serious fires in t'he Almendral quarter. This employe also sent news that the Spanlsh-Itallan Hank buildings of Val paraiso was destroyed by the earthquake. Train Shaken Violently. A traveler who came here by expresa says that when that train was near Lag Vegas, about half way between Val paraiso and Santiago, the cars were shaken violently and the engine nearly left the track. A stop was made and the terrified passengers alighted. Later they proceeded to Llai Llal, which they found almost in total ruins. All lines of rail way to the north and the line to Talca are greatly damaged. In the city of Santiago a majority of the victims of the disaster were residents of the poorer section of the city, where nv»nv small houses were thrown to the uvl Several deaths from nervous ex •t and heart disease are reported# CRACK SHOTS SELECTED. Men From Camp Mabry Will Go to Seagirt. Austin. Tex., August 19.—The following crack shots have been selected out of the federal troops In camp at Camp Mab ry to attend the rifle shoot at Sea Girt. These men have been selected only after three competitions with some seventy-five of the best marksmen here. IJeut. Col. O. E. Guessas, Capt. J. T. Atkinson, Second Infantry; Sergt. B. Rid ings, First cavalry; Sergt. K. W. Reid, Fourth Infantry; Lieut. T. O. Post, Sec ond Infantry; Sergt. T. Dieckson, Second Infantry; Lieut. C. L. Polk, Second In fantry; Sergt. J. B. Williams, Third in fantry; Corp. T. O. Grimes. Second Infan try; Sergt. M. Newton. Second Infantry; Sergt J. T. Romen, Second Infantry; Private Claude Halton. Second Infantry. Private 8. M. Dixon, Second Infantry, and Hollonard of the Fourth infantry will be the alternates. Ocilla Lumber Plant Burns. Ocilla, Ga., August 19.—The Ocilla Lum ber company’s plant was totally destroyed by fire today; loss $50,00); Insurance small. The origin of the hre is unknown.