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Birmingham's Leading Cloak, Suit and Waist House.
FECf&BERK woe NEW FALL SVITS Exclusive a.nd distinct styles as ever characterized our showing this season. YOUNG WOMEN S SUITS WOMEN’S SUITS Excellent for School and That equal the finest Tailor Traveling purposes _made garments._ New English Norfolks New Scotch Mixtures New Semi-Fitting Styles New Mannish Worsteds_ New Box Coat Styles New English Broadcloths. From $12.50 to $100.00. special display of The New Falll Tourist’s Coats The New Fal Rain Coats. New Walking Skirts and New Waists in all the smartest and latest ideas for Autumn wear. Every fashionable material is represented. Aril FEGER&.BERK (Communicated.) CARD FROM MR. HALEY Will the free American voter suffer the dictation of the Labor Advocate and sub mit to its order of September 8—“Union men go to the polls on the 17th, vote against Felix Blackburn and L. J. Haley, our common enemy.” Does the Labor Advocate voice the true sentiments of organized labor when it says: “Felix Blackburn and L. J. Haley are still run ning for the legislature on the anti boycott ticket. Remember this, union men .and keep them at home.” notwith standing the fact that the United Labor League and the Trades Council passed the following resolution just before the last primary: “Resolved, That we, the United Labor League of Alabama, do not ask any can didate to pledge himself to repeal the anti-boycott law', as we have no objection to Its remaining on the staute books of Alabama.” The Birmingham Trades Council passed the same resolution. It seems that the chief opposition to me emanates from the office of the La bor Advocate in an effort to put through n “slate” of their preference. Should the fact alone that I voted for the anti boycott bill influence any fairminded man from voting for me? **• L. J. HALEY, JR. Tim« Not Fixed. From the Somerville journal. Wiggles—When do you take your vaca tion this year? Waggles—I don’t know exactly. My wife hasn’t decided yet Just when she will go awray. His Job Safe. From the Chicago Tribune. “I wish the company would discharge that conductor. He’s the most uncivil man I ever saw.” “That may be, but he can crowd more passengers into a car than any conduc tor on the pay roll.” Hausa Slave’s Own Story. From Appleton’s Magazine. "Before my master returned from Ouragala, I planned apain to escape with Bako, another slave; we would avoid the towns and go far north,’’ says Salam, a Hausa slave whose thrilling account of his escape is told In Appleton’s for September. "Qne day when he were alone branding camels, we selected the fastest mehara In the herd and started. For seven days and nights we traveled without stopping. The hot sun beat down upon our heads; the second day a standstorm dried up what little water we had in our goatskins, by turn one of us, tied in his saddle, slept while the other led his camel. Sometimes we would slide down from the humps and allow the mehara to graze as we walked along. We found no water, and the beasts began to show signs of thrist and ut tered strange cries, groaning and gur gling as they redrank the water from their stomachs. "One midnight we skirted the outlying palms of an oasis. Everything was very i clear in the moonlight, and water was there, but wo dared go no nearer the habi tations for fear of capture, k/towing Ahmed was not far behind us. We tight ened up the saddle straps, for the me hara had grown thin, and the soft parts of their humps had almost disappeared. Bako’s saddle, made for loads, was hard to ride and had produced bolls, so he would often sit behind it to vary the mo tion. ^ "Sick and weak, every stride of the mehara sent pain through us. We knew that we could not much longer cling to our saddles, so we lashed each other on.. The last time that Bako fell to one side, ^ was too weak to help him and he rode with his head hanging lower than his heels. The camel ticks burrowed into our skin, our tongues were cracked and bleed ing when the mehara at last staggered into Ghadames. "Some days after, the Turkish governor of that place sent us to Tripoli with a caravan, to be taken before4 his brother the Bey. There we were made free." Beautiful Cut Glass at a Sacrifice Over two thousand dollars worth of rich high-grade cut glass bought for cash at a great sacrifice in price. If you contemplate purchasing any article in cut glass soon you will save big money by attending this special . sale. We only quote two prices here but it will go at the same reductions: Sixty 8-Inch beautiful Cut Glass Bowls that would be considered cheap at $5.00 each; now.$3.4H Forty-eight assorted Cut Glass Nappies, rich new patterns and beautiful cuttings; $2.50 would be cheap for them, but now.08c Cut Glass Jugs, Fern Dishes, Sugars and Creams, Colo gnes and dozens of other beautiful pieces will be closed out at greatly sacrificed prices. VISIT OUR TOY DEPARTMENT AND YOU’LL FIND ANY KIND OF TOY YOU WANT. 2020 Second Ave. 2021-3 ThirJ Avenue. THE FAIR Phone 8) I ' v THERE’LL BE SOMETHIN’ DOIN’ SUNDAY. SCHEDULE FOR LADIES’ CLASSES AT THE CLUB The Season at the Athletic Club Will Open Next Tuesday—An Interesting Course in the Gymnasium, BY ANNIE KENDRICK WALKER, nHE ladies’ classes at the Athletic club, which have been so popular for several witners, will be re sumed on Tuesday. The class hours are from 10 to 12 and Tuesdays and Fridays will continue to be the class days. The classes for girls are also had on these days and they will have full sway in the gymnasium from 3 to 6 o’clock. Professor Miles is enthusiastic over the approaching season, for last winter demonstrated beyond a doubt that Bir mingham women have not taken up athletics as a fad, but that they realize what gymnasium work will do in the im provement of health. Bright ey«s, elas ticity of movement, color, happiness, to be in love with life, this is what the enthu siastic woman will tell»you at a glance, and this winter the classes, more inter esting than ever, will also be larger. They will be directly under the super vision of Prof. J. E. Miles, physical di rector, and whose reputation is known all over the south. In discussing the ladies’ classes Pro fessor Miles said yesterday: It is now a recognized fact that phy sical exercise of some kind is just as es sential to the healthy girl and woman as it is to the man and boy. As the rela tions of the body to the mind are bet ter understood, the value of properly se lected physical exercises are being more highly appreciated. The forced attention, quick decision and rapid responses called for in competitive games, such as basket ball and indoor baseball, have proven a great aid to the development of the men tal faculties. Physical accomplishments bring their mental as well as physical equivalents, and should be considered part of everybody's education. As a means of attaining poise, grace, supleness and an erect and beautiful car riage, systematic drills of calisthenics, aesthetic movements, dancing and fencing are the most highly recommended. Work on the buck, horse, rings, parallel bars, horizontal bar and other heavy parratus will be taught to those who care to take up this form of exercise. Other interesting announecments made by the club are of interest. It has leased a large tract of land at West End, and Its golf course, tennis courts and baseball diamond are among the best In the south. Their arrangements for athletic sports, such as running, Jumping, hurdling and weight throwing have been made. The Birmingham Gun club have their traps for shooting clay pigeons located here and Friday afternoons the Athletic club members are invited to shoot with them. The club house with lockers is also at the disposal of the members. The entertainment committee intends for the season at the club to be bright and entertaining. The ejghth annual So ciety Circus will be given on the evening of November 5. The class hQurs for the gentlemen are every afternoon, except Saturday, from 6:30 to 6:30, and on Monday, Wednesday and Friday evenings from 8:16 to 9:30 o’clock. The Boys' Gymnasium Class opens Mon day, September 17. Special attention Is given to physical training as well as recre ative work, and every boy is expected to attend the classes on Monday and ■Wednesday afternoons at 3 o’clock and Saturday morning at 10. Basket ball, indoor baseball and other games will be Indulged in for recreative purposes, and teams will be formed with regular schedule. Thursday afternoon of each week will be set aside for all such competitions. CLUB RECEPTION. The reception to be given by the Ath letic club on Friday evening and will be delightfully Informal, but none the less a pleasureable event. The elegant club | house will bo handsomely decorated, and will present a bright and animated scene. Mr. Hill Ferguson is chairman of the reception committee, and the following have also been appointed on the com mittee: 'Mr. B. A. Pepperman, Mr. C. J. Orrlson, Mr. E. B. Irwin, Mr. B. A. Rey nolds, Mr. T. S. Plunket, Mr. N. W. Cul lom, Mr. D. E. ShoafT, Mr. Reid Lawson, Mr. W. B. Savage. Mr. Jack Asbury, Mr. Frank Jones, Mr. Chase Perkins, Mr. P. V. Kobb, Mr. J. J. Ashton, Dr. R. F. Ash worth. Mr. J. D. Baugh, Mr. J. B. Dun lap, Mr. H. T. Gilbert, Mr. J. C. Halstead, Mr. C. M. Hanley. Mr. A. F. McGhee. Mr. I,ee Wellman, Mr. W. W. Wilson, Mr. 0. T. Walker. GOSSIP OF WELL KNOWN PEOPLE The departure of the Rev. Quincy Ewing and Mrs. Ewing on next Saturday for tbeir future home In Napoleonvllle, La., will be deeply regretted by members of Mr. Ewings parish, and also by a very wide circle of friends In the social world. They drew' about them In their Ideal life at the rectory a coterie of friends who will continue to miss them. Their Influ ence in those more Intimate relations that exist between a clergyman's family and those who come directly under It through ties of the church need not be touched upon In these random notes. Mrs. Ewing shares with her husband the reputation of great literary ability She Is discriminating in her literary tastes, and both In her conversation and In her book reviews, which have frequent ly appeared In print this, discrimination Is evident. In conversation she Is bright and entertaining, and Is at home In discussing subjects of most Interest to the learned ecclesiastics who may be guests at the rectory, or those in lighter vein. I recall one qeynsion at the rectory when there was a certain dlgnatary of the church present and also another guest in the person of a distinguished author. "If you ran." whispered the latter to me, "get Mrs. Ewing to review—" well a certain book that had Just made Its appearance and which was creating some thing of a furor. "If she will not re view It," he continued, "get her to talk about It. She has too original Ideas to keep them to herself. Get her to write you the review—It will be the cleverest thing yet written about this book." And. he added, "If I dared. I would let you use some extracts from a letter I had from her this summer. Her descriptions are real literature," but Mrs. Ewing over heard our conversation and her smile clearly meant a refusal. Mrs. and Mrs. William E. FMrt are to take possession very soon of their resi dence which they recently purchased from Mr. and Mrs. William D. Nesbitt. It Is one of the most picturesque cottages in town and its interior arrangement is charming. Mr. and Mrs. Nesbitt intend to build a new residence this winter, and until It Is completed they will occupy the Key Milner house on Highland avenue. Mr. and Mrs. Milner are to spend the winter ; on their place below Mobile, and will j also pass several weeks cruising in southern waters. Hill Crest will remain closed through September, as Col. and Mrs. T. G. Bush will be absent until October. Their stay at the Marlbourough, Atlantic City, was terminated a few days ago, and they are now In New York. Mr. and Mrs. T. G. Bush, Jr., are also In their party. New York will soon be quits a rendezvous for , southerners who have relatives or friends who are expected to return from Eu rope the end of September. Several Bir mingham people expect to go north about that time to welcome returning friends. Mrs.' William A. Chenoweth will re main at the Meadows several weeks longer. She Intends going to New York before she returns to Birmingham. There have been guests the entire seasons at the Meadows and life has been very gay | and delightful; It is an English looking house, distinctive in its architecture and quaint and beautiful in every way. It suited their tastes so perfectly that Mi. and Mrs. Chenoweth have made very few changes in its arrangement. The views from the house are entrancing and ic looks straight toward Mount Pisgah, where Mr. Vanderbilt built his hunting lodge. Mr. Beach Chenoweth is to enter the Washington and Lee university this autumn. GRADUATE NURSES’ ASSOCIATION The work of district nursing which is being undertaken by the Birmingham Graduate Nurses’ association, was to have been the principal subject to bo discussed at the meeting of the associa tion which had been announced for today. Owing to the fact that many of the nurses are out of the city and also that many of the members of the association are at present very busy the meeting has been postponed until the second Wednes day in /October. The contributions for the district nurs ing fund will be received at this meeting and those nurses who have not yet sub scribed tf> the fund are asked to make their contribution at Hie October meet ing. Miss Nannie Boyce Hamilton is presi dent of the association and Miss Jane Barry is the secretary. Miss Barry is at present at Black Mountain, N. C., but is expected to re turn to the city next week. SOCIETY. BY EMMA TOULMIN REID. Bell Telephone 1G97, MARRIAGE TONIGHT Mr. Chester S. Bailey and Miss Jessie Carpenter will be married tonight at 8 p. m., at the home of the bride’s mother, 2119 8th avenue. The Rev. Father Coyle will officiate. NOTES AND PERSONALS.* Miss Seymour Nance of Qreenvlile, Miss., who has spent some time at Blount Springs, with Mr. and Mrs. Richard Ran dolph, is now their guest at their home on South Seventeenth street. • • • Mrs. T. V. Boardmah and children have returned from Blount Springs. • • • Miss Edith Bowron, who will leave to morrow for Canada will entertain this afternoon at a farewell party. 9 9 • The many friends of Mr. and Mrs. Louis Schwar* will be glad to learn that their little daughter, Marguerite, is re covering from her recent attack of typhoid fever. • • • The Ladies' Auxiliary of St. Andrews’ church will give an ice cream fete Fri day afternoon from 5 to 9 o’clock at the Five Points circle. Fortune telling and other amusements will be furnished. • • • The United Charities will meet this morning at 10:30 o’clock in the Mayberry building. • • • Mrs. William Glenn McMeekin is the guest of her mother in Columbus, O. 9 9 9 The Twenty-seventh Street Baptist church will give a trolley ride Friday evening for the benefit of the Ladles’ Aid society. The cars will start at 8 o’clock from Avenue F and Twenty-seventh street. • • • Miss Ira Bradfleld, formerly of this city, but now of Tuscaloosa, is in the city, where she will teach in the High school. She Is at home with Mrs. Florence Haskell. • • • Mrs. J. M. C. Johnson and children will return tomorrow from a visit to Tennessee, South Carolina, and North Carolina. • • « Mrs. Frany Y. Anderson is the guest of relatives In Atlanta. • • • The opening meeting of the Quid Uunc YA/ - H - Y are our watches the most attractive in the City? Because They are new; new styles, finest finish, up-to-date in every respect. Design, Quality and Durability. F. W. Bromberg. Jeweler and Optician. 216 North 20th Street. Drink at Our Soda Fountain We Are Agents For Huyler’s Candies Always Fresh Why Not ’ ‘ \ ■ ! ’ Save On the articles you buy of a drug store just as well as on any other article you purchase. Collier’s Cut Rates insures on every purchase a considerable saving —try us next time. Wine of Cardui.83c Syrup of Figs.42c Fletcher’s Castoria.28c V. V. V.75c Ayer’s Sarsaparilla.83c Foley’s Kidney Cure 42c and. 83c Mason’b Pure Rye, full quart.50c J. Martin, 5 year old Vir ginia Rye, full qt.75c Duffy’s Pure Malt Whisky .75c I. W. Harper.1.00 Collier Drug Co. 109-111 N. 20th St. Next to Brown-M&rx Building. 1 club will be held Saturday afternoon at the home of lyflss Agnes Burns. • • • Mrs. P. H. Moore and little daughter have returned from North Carolina. • • • Mr. John Stagg has returned from Val ley Head. • • • Mr. and Mrs. Frank Alexander will move to Euclid avenue early In October. • • • Mr. and Mrs. J. R. McWain are at home, 1517 South Tenth avenue, for the winter. • • • On account of the absence of the pres ident from the city the board of control of the Hillman hospital will not meet to morrow morning. Further notice -will bo given later. • • • Miss Elolse and Lena Jackson, who are the guests of Miss Elam in Tennessee, will return this week. • • • Mr. and Mrs. F. W. Bromberg have purchased the Pegram home on Sixteenth avenue, south, and will move In on Oc tnhf»r 1. • • • The many friends of Mrs. Wood will regret to learn that she Is 111 at her home on Thirteenth avenue, south. • • • Mr. and Mrs. Hugh Morrow, who are spending the summer near Bast Bake, will return to the city early In October. • • • Mrs. C. P. Orr. who Is spending the summer at Mentone, Ala., Is In the city on account of the Illness of Mr. Charles O. Locke. m • • Mr. R. M. Williams will return today from Tonoesee, where she has spent sev eral days. * V • Mrs. J. Warren Shook of Tuscaloosa Is the guest of her mother, Mrs, George M. Morrow, at her home In Glen Iris park. • • • Mrs. Arthur Brombery of Bayou La. Batre Is expected soon to be the guest of Mr. and Mrs. J. H. Herzog. Mr. and Mrs. Bromberg are going to make Bir mingham their home and will be with Mr. and Mrs. F. W. Bromberg. • • • Miss Lucy Downey and Miss Ruth Wil liams left yesterday for Randolph-Macon college. • • • Miss Mary George Cruikslmnk has re turned from an extended visit to Talla dega. • • • Mr. and Mrs. B. P. Quigley, who have been absent from the city several months, are expected to return to the city the first week In October. • • « Mrs. Jones of Demopolls is the guest of her grandmother. Mrs. Marla Poe. Mrs. Jones will be pleasantly remembered as Miss Adelaide Moore. • • • Mr. and Mrs. Robert Hood are spending several weeks with Mr. and Mi's. William Hood on Fifth avenue. • * • Mr. and Mrs. H. R. White have rented their home for the winter, and will be at home on Eleventh avenue and Twentieth street, south. * * * Mrs. Hale V. Tarrant and her little daughter have returned home after spend ing several weeks In Tennessee. • • • Mr. Frank M. Dominick of Greensboro, who has been visiting In the city, has re turned home. Mr. Dominick has been acting elder of the Alabama Beacon for the past three months. • • • Miss Corlnne Harkness and Miss Sarah Milner have just returned from a three weeks' .visit to Asheville, Washington and Baltimore. On their return trip they visited friends in Atlanta, where they were delightfully entertained. The marriage of Miss Minnie Match of Opelika and Mr. F. M. Kennedy of this city will take place this afternoon at 3:») o'clock In Opelika. • • • Mrs. Thomas Glover and Miss Sarah Arnold have returned from a visit to Wrlgbtsvtlle Beach, and on their return stopped In Atlanta. • * * Miss Mary * Sholl lias returned from New York, where she stopped en route home from abroad. • * • Mr. and Mrs. Walter C. Phillips have recently purchased the Huffman home on Fourteenth avenue, between Beach and Ash streets, and will take possession early In October. • • • St. Agnes Guild will have a social meet ing at the rectory this afternoon at 4:30. The affair will be given In honor of Mr. and Mrs. Ewing, who leave Saturday for their new home In Napoleonvllle, La. • • • Mrs. Max Winkler and little daughter have returned from Asheville, N. C., where they have spent several weeks. '• • • j Mr. and Mrs. John M. Caldwell and I Miss Grace Smith will sail for New York on Saturday after an absence of several months abroad. • • • The Rev. Mr. Bertram E. Brown, who has taken the summer course In theology at Sewanee, Tenn., passed through the city yesterday en route to his home in Eufaula. • * • Miss Dorothy Weatherly, the little daughter of Mr. and Mrs. James Weath erly, who is ill with fever in Black Mountain, N. C., Is rapidly improving. Miss Jane Barry, formerly of the Hillman, left a few days ago to be with Miss Weatherly. • • • Mrs. A. B. Lovelace and her mother, j Mrs. Nance, have returned from North , Carolina. • • • • Mr. and Mrs. W. S. Lovell will leave j on Friday for a vl3it to Mr. Lovell’s mother In Sewanee, Tenn. • • < Miss May Robinson, w’ho has been the guest of Mrs. J. L. Drennen, has re turned to her home In Montgomery. • • • Mrs, T. H. Molton, who spent some j time in New York and stopped at Roan- i oke, Va., on her way home, will return ! to Birmingham on Saturday. • • • Mrs. Charles P. Jackson and little daughter, who have spent some time in Montgomery with Mrs. Jackson’s mother, Mrs. Tatum, and at Bay St. Louis, has returned. • • • Mr. J. B. Morrison Is spending several i days in South Alabama. * * • The marriage of Miss Annie Gillespie North of R'aynville, Miss., and Mr. Thom as Mitchell Howze of Marlon will take place this morning at 10:30 o’clock In Raymond. Mr. Howze Is a brother of Judge A. C. Howze of this city and is related to many prominent families of South Alabama. • • • Miss Rosa Rose of Chattanooga and Mr. Hugo Kuhn of Houma, La., will take place this afternoon at 3:30 o’clock In Chattanooga. Miss Rose is a sister of Mrs. J. Friedman of this city and has been a frequent visitor here. • • • Miss Eugenia Vines of Dadeville is vis iting Mrs. E. C. Pugh of Woodlawn. SHOWMAN IN AFRICA. Natives on West Coast Entertained By Enterprising Belgian. From the New York Sun. Mr. Le Boutillier Is a Belgian showman who works the West African circuit. He got the idea while clerking for a rubber and palm oil trading company. It seemed to him that there would be j money in catering to the African crav ing for amusement. His wages were only luO frnncs a month, but he was sure that his modest savings would finance the un dertaking. So he launched it two years ago, and Le Boutillier is the whole en terprise for be has had no temptation to reorganize on a syndicate basis. He has a tent in which about 150 na tives may find seating accommodations on the ground His only white assistant stands at the tent flap and gives admit tance to any one who has copper coins or a bit of silver to the value of about 6 cents. Cowrie shells and native produce are pot legal tender, and the range of Le Boutlllier’s educational and moral show Is thus confined to those parts of the coast regions between Dakar and Lagos where coins are current. The entertainment is entirely pictorial and musical. The mainstay is a large se ries of stereoptlcon views thrown on a screen by kerosene Illumination. Some of them are comic pictures of a kind to appeal to the native sense of the ridiculous, but the most are scenes from life in European countries, such as cities and hamlets, shipping in the harbors, the domestic animals, farm laborers ip the fields, crowds hi the streets, etc. Le Bou tillier has a simple story to tell about all his serious pictures. He Bits at his stereoptlcon reeling off his pictures and his little talk at the same time, now using one of the two native languages with which he is familiar and again employing interpreters who have at least a smattering of French, English or German, for Le Boutillier talks all three. Some of the information con voyed through these native mediums is probably of a wonderful sort, but the showman Insists that the pictures and lecture combine edification with enter tainment in a high degree. The stereoptlcon views are divided into 1 sections by the musical performance which is evoked from a number of music | boxes especially made for African audt- ! ; tors. Le Boutillier said he didn’t want ; any operatic hifalutin and he had no mar- j | ket for Wagner or Beethoven, but he i could make good use of simple melodies ] * with just enough accompaniment to sup- 1 | ply harmonies that are not a bit in- j tricate. ! This is the musical pabulum in which he deals and he is helping the tuneful West Africans to add some of the simple peasant music of Europe to their reper toire. The larger coast settlements have no use for Le Boutlllier’s modest exhibition, for they have plenty of the same sort, but there is large opportunity at the many other centers of population to which the showman makes his way, now transporting his traps along the native paths through the forests and then trav eling along the coast by sea. He says the show business Is more profitable than clerking, and who will de ny that he is widening the native mental horizon by giving the*” a few glimpses of other lands. i C0N6TABLE AS A FISH. Pony and Trap Landed By Angler With Rod and Line. From the Cork County Eagle. Two remarkable angling stories come from Durrus, In Cork county, the one re lating to the attempt made to land a po lice constable by means of a salmon fish ing rod and the other to the strange ex perience which befell Dr. Orr, a Hudders field surgeon, in the same place. Dr. Lewis, the medical officer of Dur rus, undertook to land any swimmer in the river in fifteen minutes, and Con stable Kennedy, a noted swimming cham pion, consented to act the ‘'fish.’* A belt was fastened across the constable's shoul ders and to this was attached a strong salmon hook. A lancewood rod and the ordinary salmon fishing line were used. The human fish took the water at high tide and wit'h a bold stroke swam out ten yards. At this distance Dr. Lewis checked the constable's progress, and then the fish dived and turned on his back, but without avail. For two minutes it was an even con test between angler and fish, then the constable swam away Tor twenty yards, when he was again brought up. He dived and wiggled like an eel, but not another inch could he add to his advantage. After eleven minutes* struggle the angler was gaining ground, but Constable Kennedy gathered strength, and diving, made away with a powerful stroke. At the fourteenth minute, wrhen only one minute remained, the salmon line snapped and the flsTV w~as declared the victor. More remarkable still was the incident which followed. Dr. Orr of Huddersfield was fly fishing in the river when the pony which brought him from Dunbeacon broke loose from where it was tied and fell into deep water with the trap attached. The pony made frantic efforts to swim ashore but was hampered by the weight of the trap. Dr. Orr, the narrative goes on, was fish ing at the opposite side of the stream and he threw his line toward the pony. By a fortunate chance the fishing hook caught the poney in the ear and held fast. Tho angler pulled his line and the pony re sponded, with the result that both pony and trap were safely landed on the short. Labor In San Francisco. From the San Francisco Argonaut. The labor situation in San Francisco at present has become more than serious. In addition to the continual strikes which are chronicled from day to day, It seems impossible to secure even common labor ers in sufficient numbers to do the work which is absolutely necessary. The West ern Pacific could employ ten thousand more men and must have seven thousand; the Southern Pacific wants two thousand men; the United Railroads of San Fran, cisco wants two thousand men; the elec tric lines building in various parts c lb#' state want over two Uiouiuouv men. All of these demands are entirely •n:t* side of the need for skilled workmen. Fif teen thousand laborers could find work at once in clearing away the debris, exca vating and preparing the ground for skilled workmen to follow them. These laborers are not to be had. S-voie thing like five hundred millions of collars must be spent in San Francisco in the next few years to put it even measurably in condition to be called a city again. At least forty thousand additional workmen, skilled and unskilled, are needed, but they cannot be had. It is not a* question of wages, for the highest wages ever known in the history of the world are now being paid in San Francisco. A minimum wage for laborers on railroad work and in warehouses is now $2.26 a day. Cement workers get $5, hod-carriers $4. cabinet makers $3.50. mill men $3.50, plasterers $0, shinglers $4. paint* ers $4, fresco painters $5, paper hanger* $4, plumbers $5. machinists $3.75, tinners $4, sheet metal workers $4, glaziers $4, sta tionary engineers $4. Merchants or real estate owners are so anxious to make their stocks of goods or their lands productive of income that they are paying large premiums to workmen. In some cases skilled mechanics receive as high as $15 a day, and more than that for working on Sundays. It would seem to us that it would as sist the situation if the fact were made generally known throughout the United States and Europe that there Is such a great demand for workmen and that such high wages are being paid. To publish widely In such countries as South Ger many and Italy the fact that bricklayers receive $8 a day for an eight-hour day—32 marks—40 lire—would scarcely be believed by workmen were it not attested by offi cial signatures. Duration of Lightning Flash. From L’lllustratlon. We possess as yet only pretty vague data as to the average duration of flashes of lightning. Faraday thought he could fix It at a second. Dufour claimed that the flashes of lightning were Instaneous, and their rapid succession gave the il lusion of one flash of a certain duration. Herr Schmidt has Just beeen devoting himself to a series of observations, em-' ploynig a disk of ten centimetres diame ter. bearing upon a black ground a white cross, the arms of which were two mil limetres across, the disk being set in motion by clockwork with a speed of fifty to sixty revolutions a second. At certain flashes the cross appeared a single time, very distinct; the duration cf lightning was. therefore, inferior to the time of revolution of the disk, wbi h would represent about the fiftieth of a second. Tn more numerous cases the cross i appeared two or three times, or even [ more, but with a decreasing luminous in I tensity; the lightning had therefore last* I ed during several revolution* of the disk*