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By FRANK G. CARPENTER
^bmPAL'pALLISEROnniS’WAY To hunt Treasure In Cocos Island. (Copyright, 1912, by Frank G. Carpenter.) Punta Arenas, Costa Rica. GOSTA RICA has one of the fabled treasure islands of the world. This is Cocos, which lies south west of here in latitude 5 degrees 32 min utes and longitude 87 degrees 2 minutes. It Is claimed that on the island is buried gold to the amount of millions of dollars. One of the treasures was carried there in 1720 at the time of the revolution In Peru when the people of Lima and Callao char tered the little vessel lying at the wharves and escaped to Cocos with their plate, bullion and other valuables. They were * chased by a Peruvian man of war, but outran it in the darkness. They landed 11 boatloads of treasure at Cocos amount ing in value, It is said, all the way from $60,000.000 to $100,000,000. Among the objects was a life sized statue of the Holy Vlr --~vwn, made of solid gold, and there were smaller golden statues of St. Joseph, St. Peter and others. There was a great quantity of silver plate, and, in all, a vast treasure. After burying this, the vessel started back to Peru, but on its way it met one of the revolutionary men of war and was 4 bombarded. As a result every Peruvian on board was killed and only two men, an Englishman and an American, were saved. The American afterward disap peared. His name was Thompson. This left the Englishman, a resident of New foundland, named Keating, as the sole owner of the secret. Keating went home ard a short time later started out two expeditions to get the treasure, one of these his vessel was wrecked and in the other he and his crew were arrested at Panama and sent back home. He left his charts, however, to his descendants, and some years ago they were still In the hands of one of them, a Mrs. Young, who was then living in Boston. Another treasure buried on Cocos is said to have been left there by William Dampler, who blockaded Panama In 1684 and took during the year following a big treasure ship which was coming north from Peru, intending to send its silver and gold on horses across the isthmus to Porto Bello and thence to Spain. E>ampler, it is alleged, buried six boatloads of silver on Cocos and made several trips there after that with similar freight. There Is a third story which says that In 1821, during the revolution when the Central American* colonies broke away from Spain, the native Spaniards living here in Costa Hica loaded a schooner with gold, gems and silver plate and sent it to Cocos to be kept there until the troubles were over. They gave the treas ures over into the hands of six men, each of whom had a chart of the exact place where the stuff was buried. One of these men was killed during the revo lution and two others died from natural causes before it was over. When peace was restored the remaining three started for Cocos to bring back the wealth, but their boat was driven on the rocks of the Island and ail on board perished. That was about 1830. Hunting the Treasure These facts have long been current in this part of the world and many people believe that the above named treasures still exist there. The government of Costa Rica has given a number of per mits to parties to hunt for them, and not long ago a squad of soldiers and a scien tist in charge of the Costa Rican gov ernment survey went to Cocos accom panied by a Colorado man who claimed that he could hold a stick in his hand and that it would turn over and point down when he passed over gold. I have seen men looking for water in the moun tains of Virginia using the forked limb of a peach or apple tree in much the same way. Well, the Colorado man's charm did not work In Cocos. J don’t know what was the matter. He went there, but claimed he had not a fair trial. % Another set of treasure hunters came here about five years ago from Ehgland. I was at Panama at the time their boat was in the harbor. That expedition was headed by Earl Fitswilliam, who is said to have an Income of $1,000,000 a year and to own 100,000 acres of land in Ireland. He had bought a yacht named the Ve ronique, and had come out with Admiral Palliser, who at one time was the com mander of the British fleet on the Pa cific. The adtnlral had been sent to Cocos by the government some years before to Investigate the claims of a man 'framed Hartford, an Englishman, who had a concession from Costa Rica to hunt for this treasure. He was on the Imperteuse at the time, and he and his sailors did some digging and then went away. Pal 11; er, however, was confident that the treasure existed, and he got the earl to put up $300,000 to purchase this yacht and equipment. They had a full corps of men, including sailors and diggers. They came around through the Strait of Magellan and made the Island all right. In looking for the treasure, however, they used dynamite, and In the explosion which followed the earl and the admiral were so badly Injured by rocks that to make a long story short they went back to Panama with nothing but disgust for their pains. Another party started out to look for this treasure was headed by a New foundland woman, the widow of a ship chandler. She went over to the Pacific and outfitted a ship from Victoria. Her captain wras a man named Fred Hackett, and she had with her a transfer from Hartford of his permission from the Costa Rican government to search for treasunre on Cocos, the understanding being that the latter was to have half of the find. When she came to Cocos the Island was lnhabitated by a castaway who was dressed like Robinson Crusoe. He had nothing on but skins of beasts, nnd he looked crazy. At first he could not speak, but after they had given him some whisky he told in broken language his story. He said he and others had had a conces sion from Costa Rica to search for this treasure, but that the others had become disgusted and left. He could not say how long he had been on the island. At first he had kept tally of the days by nothing a stick, but he lost the stick, and he had about given up In despair when the schooner arrived. In the meantime other parties, Includ ing some of our canal employes, have been planning to excavate Cocos, but so far no one has discovered either the buc caneer hoanf or the Madonna of gold. 1 am told that concessions can be gotten from the Costa Rican government if any one cares to search, The Hidden Hold of Central America There is no doubt that there are great treasures hidden on the islands and also on the continental part of Central America. On Mona Island $200,0J0 v/orth of silver is buried. This is not far from Porto Rico. I have myself seen here and at Pan ama at least a half peck of solid gold images which have been taken from the old grave mounds of Central Amer ica. No one knows who burled them and some suppose that they date back lor hundreds and e ven thousands of yearn. I saw A quart of these Images in the bank of Khrman & Co. In Pan ama City and I am told that Minor O. Keith has a collection of them In New York which Is said to be worth sev eral hundred thousand dollars. I took a photograph of the Images in the Panama bank. They ar© of all sizes from that of a man's thumb nail to the palm of your hand. Rome are quite heavy and the gold in them must he worth several hundreds dollars Rome represent frogs, others birds, and some are \Yomen with a hawk head of Hath or, or what looks very much like it. Indeed, the most of the images have an Egyptian cast and they remind one of tbe treasures found in the pyramids. The most of these came from the Chirl qui province in the northern part of the Panama republic, where it Joins Costa Rica. I am told that a large part of the Keith collection came from Costa Rica, and that they are now finding some about the Gulf of Agua Pule©. At San Jose there is a Jeweler who has some of these images for sale, and down here at Punta Arenas I have been offered two very fine ones for $S0 and $40 apiece. I should Judge that this equals Just about half the value of the gold in them. Pr. spencer Franklin, who has them for sale for a native, says that thpy are probably one or two thou sand years old. The workmanship on these images is exquisite. Rome of them are beautifully carved and some are lifelike in feature. Among the treasures of Mr. Rhrman are a great many breastplates of so'ld gold. These are round disks with a nipple in the center ranging in diameter from two to six inches. The gold Is n thin plate and is unalloyed. He has also a bracelet which would fit around the biceps of a prize fighter and which Is about four inches wide. This is also f* solid gold. J understand that many such images are being discovered and that in all cases they come from those grave mounds of the past. Some of the lakes of the Central Ameri can highlands are said to contain treas ures put there by the Indians at the time they were persecuted by the Spaniards. There is one on the top of a mountain in Columbia, not far from Panama, out of which Images like those I have described have been taken. The most of them have teen found near the shore, and it is said that a party of Englishmen are now planning to drain the lake and mine the bed for the treasures. They are making a tunnel to let off the water. I heard of similar treasuro hoards in this same region of South American there la one in Ecuador said to contain the treasures of the Incas, and another in Peru where It Is claimed that something like $16,000,000 worth of gold was thrown at the time Pizarro broke faith with Ala hualpa and caused his death. You may remember part of the story. Plsarro had conquered Peru and was taking away the silver by the shipload That metal was so common that the .Spaniards had their horses shod with it. It was at this time that Plstarro, the Spanish general, had captured the Inca king Atahualpa. who was also a sort of a prophet und high priest of the people. Me offered to ransom the latter If the Indians would fill the room In which th# king was imprisoned with gold. The room was seventeen feet wide, twenty feet long and nine feet high. The gold was brought In in great quantities. It comprised gold platen torn from the TeYnple of the Sun at Cuzco, and cases wonderfully carved, Immense gold basins and hundreds of drinking cups and dishes of various kinds. There was so much of It that it took the Indian goldsmith a whole month, working day and night, to cast It Into ingots, and so much that It filled the room, as Pizarro demanded. After Pizarro got the gold he treacher ously killed the king, and It Is said that the Indians then gathered together such gold as they had left and buried It Jn that unknown lake. There are said to be gold hoards at the bottom of Make Titicaca, but that can never bp drained. There are other geld hoards In the nitrate fields farther south, and Indeed no one knows just whore the greatest treasures of the past lie. It Is very probable that there Is some on the Isthmus of Panama, and the excavation of old Panama City, which Is about to begin when the new road there is completed, will unearth some which were hidden at the time that Morgan took and destroyed the city. Morgan is said to have taken away 175 horse loads of Jewels, silver and gold, and he tortured the peo ple to make them confess where the money was hidden. APictureOf THe Images-** If treasures ore found at old Panama It is not Improbable that, jewels and pearls may be found among them. The waters adjoining Panama and other parts of Central America have long been noted for their magnificent pearls. Some of those in the crown of Spain came from here, and In the cathedrals in Seville and Toledo are strings and clusters of peai Is which the early explorers took from the Indians. Columbus met. natives wearing ropes of pearls while he was in this part of the world, and he took one pearl weighing 300 grains home to the Queen. Cortez found black pearls which cama from the waters of Lower California, while Ferdinand Da Sota is said to have robbed one of the Indian queens of t great string of fine pearls. There are pearl fisheries ^ust outside Panama bay and the diving is going on now. I find pearls for sale here in Punta Areras and the waiters at. the hotel ta bles will untie knots In their handker chiefs and ask you to buy them between bites. Home of the pearls are only seeds, but others are as big us a pea. In the stores you will see little bottles of pearls which can be bought by the lot for all sorts of prices, but as a rule the pearls are either very small or not perfectly round. I was told that one was taken out a few years ago which weighed 50 karats and 1 have heard of another which a 12-year-old boy found In an oys ter and sold for $4000. It was taken to Panama and there sold to a banker and in time It reached Paris, where It was valued at 110,00*1. Not long ago some pearls were found near our canal sani tarium on Taboga Island, and one of them brought $2000. The most of the pearls, however, ''ome from the Pearl islands, which lie on the west side of Panama bay, about 30 miles from the islands on which we are now building tho fortifications which com mand the western end of the Panama canal. There are 10 of these Islands, the most of them small. They are populated chiefly by the Indians, who are engaged in pearl diving. The men use diving suits and they brng up the pearl oysters in the shell. After the shells are on board the boats they are opened and the oys tern fir'' searched over for pearls, the shells being cleaned and sold to make but tons, knife handles and other such things In which mother of pearl is employed. 1 am told that the shells found are worth about as much as the pearls and that they are the sure part of the profit. The divers may work for days without find ing a pearl, but the shells always sell, and It is on that account that the* busi ness Is profitable. In talking with one of the dealers here 1 asked him whether it was true tnat pearls could be made by putting a grain of sand Inside an oys ter so that it irritated Its flesh and mane it secrete the solution which composes the pearl. He replied that ho had no faith in the theory and that he had found pearls of considerable size in very voting oysters and that there was no rule as to just where they were. Said he; “A pearl if like an onion. It is made of a series of coats and you can grind off the outside one to find those within Intact. As a rule the pearls now found are small and not of great value, al though there Is no telling when fine ones may be discovered. A Pearl as Riff as an F?e T am told that the Pearl Islands have be#n fished for pearls for almost :100 ' ears, and that pearl fishing Is carried on all along this coast from southern California to Mexico. The black pearls of the Oulf of Lower California have boon exported since the days of Cortez, and more t ar 1200 ounces were shipped to Spain In "no year. That was In 1715. About two years ago a diver found a p ail as big as a patrldgo ege. and It was sent to Paris, where It sold for $5000. That pearl was of a light steel color, but greenish black at the base. On the other side of the isthmus pearls have been found off tire coast of South America. Tt is said that Venezuela is pro ducing something like $900,000 worth every year. It Is that region which Is called the “Oulf of Pearls.’’ and it was from near there on the Island of Margerlta, that a pearl of 250 carats was taken in 1579. That pearl was worth perhaps *50,. 000. It became the property of the King of Spain. Another gem which adorns the Spanish crown came from the waters of Mexico. It weighs 44)0 grains. Two Thousand Tons of Blue Books May Bury Their Makers BY HAYDEN CHURCH London. November 2.—(Special.)— John Bull's blue book factory is going to move. It is a case of got to. John Bull has been publishing “blue books," ‘ which is the name given to all gov ernment reports in this country, though some of them are white and others red —for over 150 years now, and in that time he has issued nearly 400,000 of them. The complete collection of blue books which is housed in Mr. Bull’s factory weighs over 2000 tons, so L was stated the other day by the blue book maker-in-chief, who added that this weight is far too heavy a burden for the walls and floors of the ratner rickety old eighteenth century build ing where the blue bookmaking In dustry has been carried on for just fchort of a century. This building, which is known offi cially as his majesty’s stationery office, Is in Princes street, Westminster, just one American block from the famous Abbey, and it looks every day of its nge. A few years ago, pillars were put in to strengthen It, but 2000 tons of hard facts take a lot of supporting and the denizens of the stationery of fice, who number forty-odd, are living in terror for fear some part of it should give way all of a sudden and they be buried under an avalanche of blue books. Lack of space is another rea son why the stationery ofTice will not r< main—ahem !—stationary—but will move across the Thames after a bit to a site near Waterloo station where a new home is now being built for it. ^ The new building is being construct ed on the American principle of con crete over Iron, and will be fully equal to the task of supporting the tremen dous and constant increasing burden which it will be ca.led upon to bear. Ibis will be a relief to the compilers of blue books, for ypis no fun to have a couple of thousand tons of informa tion likely to fall on you at any mo ment. It costs John Bull over five million dollars a year to print his blue books, which are probably the dul’est reading on earth. Th^r** are exceptions, >f course, a lc' of ptories of real life as dramatic as novel‘st ever invented hav. li.g first been told between the covers of these soh^r reports o' various branches o' the British eroverrmerr. bn? as a general rule 'he rhrne* "as dry 3s a blue book" is nm^ly justified The one blue book in a thousand that makofl good reading is the reoort of some British commander in Asia or Africa on the results of a “punitive" ^Lor other expedition into an unknown dangeroua region: the annual rr r.ort ■ of one of his majesty’s admin'etrators * In odd corners of the emnire—’ ho are Virtual rulers of th* territories for Which they are responsible—vvPh pic tpresque account" of their duties and of the ways of the natives, or that of one of King George’s consuls—who mostly aren’t to be compared w*th Un «!• flam's when it comes to alertness, ute and careful study. When the voyage was over, scientists of many nations, In cluding Ernest Haeckel, the famous au thor of 'The Riddle of the Universe," were asked to write on the results of the expedition, and their articles are Includ ed in the biggest of all blue books, which Is published in 50 parts, finely illustrated with colored prints. The price of it prob ably will remain a record. Generally speaking, the top price for a blue book \n 30 shillings or about >7.50. On an average 3000 blue books are pub lished every year, most of them having been asked for by members of the house of parliament. That is the usual genesis of a blue book. When one of the mem bers of the house of commons has a fan cy to know what any particular depart ment of his majesty's government is up to, he asks to have a report of its activi ties laid on the table of the house. Then It Is the business of the chief of the said department to prepare a report which, after the house has discussed It, generally is ordered to be printed. When It Is in cold type, It is called a "bluo book, ’ though It may lack the customary azure binding and be, officially, either a "white paper’’ or a red book. All acts of parlia ment are published In blue book form. Certain government departments, like tho admiralty and the war office Issue their reports as "blue books" automatically, and a few records such as the reports of military operations are “presented to both Building John Bull’s New Blue Book l actory br.t who occasionally contrive to fur nish a worlu-feensa».lon, as aid dir Roger Casement with h»s account of the inn* doing* ot‘ ihe rubber companies at r'ut ima>o. Even blue bouaa lute these, no*.t»ir, ewttontd as'th*.y are, in prosy, ofliclal language (lor there are lev/ &t>iibi3 aim ,ewer humorists in *he ser vice of the brnihh govei nrnent), maae talrly stnf rcaulng, and for every oluo cock of this kina there are 5oU that are the absolute limit of uryness. Gov ernment reports, of course, are not sup posed to fmnish light literature, but iiziUsh ones hold the worlds record tor ponderosity and have any other known soporific beaten hollow. The subjects they cover ia..ge from foreign i elutions to fl es (these latter hi their capacity as disease carriers), ar.d there aie bice books on boiler explosions, on beetles (of the Colorado variety)* and on the disease of lilac trees. Blue Looks, of course, can be bought by anybody who has the strange taste to want to read them, the lowest price for a single copy being one cent, or a halfpenny in Eng lish money. The most expensive blue book ever issued will cost you $o05 if you are to invest In it. It gives a complete account of the round-the-world voyage of H. Af. S. Challenger, which began in 187i and ended in lS7d- A lot of leading lights of the world of science were on board and the mighty deep and its denizens and veg The Present Heme of John Bull’s Blue Book Factory, Officially Known as "His Majesty’s Stationery Office’ t houses by command of his majesty” (who has nothing whatever to do with it really), but blue books that are pub lished In either of these ways are the exceptions to the general rule. it is when parliament bun ordered a government report to be printed that his majesty's stationery office comes In. Its head is J. E. Ellis, whose official title is clerk of publications, and, as suoh, he is blue book maker in chief. Considering that he not only has to read every blue book that is published,-but is responsible for every last comma and decimal point therein, he looks surprisingly hearty. The blue book In embryo comes to El lis from parliament and he decides which of the printing firms with which the sta tionery office has dealings shall have the Job of putting it in type. There are eight of these, one of which, whose headquar ters are in Dr. Johnson's old haunt. Fet ter Lane, has a monopoly of the actual sale of blue books. Of course, every gov ernment department is aifxlous to nave the blue book recording its activities pub lished ahead of those of every other de partment, and the clerk of publications has to make each one of them wait for their turn, and incidentally has to see to it that the cost of publishing every blue book is kept down to as little as possible. “It Is hard to say exactly when the making of blue books began,” said Ellin, "but we have them here as far back us 1730. What are the first ones about? Well, they deal with poor laws, local tax ation, tobacco growing and other subjects that were of prime importance in those days. That was before the age of rail ways and steamboats, of courso, and, in cidentally before your country had gained its Independence. "Wp have our 'best sellers’ among blue books Just like other publishers,” the* clerk of publications went on. "Our editions run from GO to 200.000 copies, and quite often an edition la entirely sold out. Last year, for' example, a blue book on Infantry training was issued, 200,000 copies being printed at the price of a shilling each. *11 was a work that every British soldier who Is keen on his profession ought to poa se-“s and the demand was so great that I doubt if we have more than a few hundred copies left In stock. Every year, of course, there la some act of parliament which. In blue hook form la in great demand. Last year the on on which there was perhaps the heaviest run was the new minegiact, this year the national Insurance act and the home rule bill represent our 'best sell ers.’ ” „ Ellis declared there was romance even in blue books if one read them discerningly. Perhaps some day some body will make an effort to dig out all the dramatic stories that are buried away in these tomes of British officialism, but If so nobody will envy him the task. Compared with the Job of wailing through all the hundreds of thousands of blue books that have been pu' 11.shed since 1730 the labors of Her cules appear like a summer afternoon's loaf in a hammock. The man who ac complished it, if he survived, would deserve the Victoria £ross. Yet It would he hard to name any thing in Action more thrilling: than Sir Garnet Wolseley's story of the Ashanti campaign, as told in the blue hook library, or the account of Kit chener's handling of the F&shoda situ ation In the Upper Nile country. Soon, too, there Is likely to be a blue book on the dramatic pursuit und capture of James Wood Rogers, the American ivory hunter, by a British punitive ex pedition in central Africa, a story from real life that equal* the mo9t exciting chapters of Haggard's African tales, and few weeks pass by without bring ing some queer records between these dull blue covers. The stories of the cases that con before the Judicial committee of ty privy council alone would make a pi turesquo volume. This great court o appeal for the whole empire settle: disputes between rival god* with the same imperturbability that it brings^ to squabbles over "tied public, houses and rival telegraph companies," and its appellants Include all sorts and con ditions of men from opulent native rulers to needy widows and orphans. The court recently had to settle a case regarding the custody of an 800-year old Indian idol, which was supposed to partake of 11 meals a day and enjoyed an income of $7000 a year. The blue hook published in connection with the case contained sorfto terribly tunny re ports couched in choice Babu by the native whom the local courts appoint ed custodian of the Idol, and also de scribed how the attendant priests de coyed pilgrims Into the inner shrine of the temple where the image dwelt and there despoiled them of their nose rings and any loose change they hap pened to have about them. A recent blue book, too, this time embodying the report of the British governor of Papua, gave a picturesque account of that one-time cannibal land, where there is keen rlvaly for the job of policeman at $2.60 a year, where wives are paid for In pigs, and where th< feet of corpses are pointed toward village after village In the neighbor hood until a "sign" is elicited which Is supposed to Indicate the dwelling place of the person who has slain the deceased by "witchcraft." A Queenly Queen From the Christian Herald. Carmen Hylva, the queen of Rou ntania, had her eyes bandaged for weeks while she laboriously learned to write Braille, the raised letters for the tlind. It Is said that not only did her eyes ache, but her right hand as well; but by the process she became one of the most helpful friends the blind peo ple In all the world have ever had. She established a school for them where tney are taught music and many In dustries. so that they could earn their own livelihood.