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THE BIRMINGHAM AGE HERALD
VOLUME XXXXII BIRMINGHAM, ALABAMA, FRIDAY, JANFARY 17, 1913 12 PAGES_NUMBER 256 ADVOCATES LIBERTY OF INDIVIDUALS TO ACCUMULATE MONEY Jacob H. Schiff Testifies Before Money Trust Committee TO TAKE TESTIMONY OF W. ROCKEFELLER Committee Adjourns Until Next Wednesday When Witnesses Rep resenting Banks and Banking Houses Will Be Heard Washington, January 16.—Liberty or In dividuals to concentrate money and power to the limit of their ability was advo cated today before the House money trust committee by Jacob H. Schiff. of the New York banking firm of Kuhn, Loeb & Co. Mr. Schiff declared that individuals should be allowed to exert their .utmost efforts to concentrate fortunes and power, until the “laws of nature caused the attempted monopoly to fall of its own weight.” He was opposed, however, to concentration through corporations and holding companies. Mr. Schiff could not say whether concentration had as yet reached a point where it is dangerous. The New York banking financier fol lowed George M. Reynolds of Chicago on the stand. Mr. Reynolds told the com mittee that he had studied the concentra »ion of money and credit, and that he j believed, at the point it had now reached, it was " a menace to the progress of the country.” He said that competition in banking should be revived. Others to Be Heard The committee adjourned after today's session until next Wednesday, when H. P. Davison, F. B. Mine, George F. Baker, , Jr., and other witnesses representing banks and banking houses in New York and Chicago, will be heard. The commit- ' tee expects to conclude its public hear ings next Friday and to begin immediate- j ly the writing of its report. When the committee reconvenes, plans for taking of the testimony of William Rockefeller will be made. Jn the course of Mr. Schiff s examina tion today he voiced the view that depos itors in banks were sufficiently pro tected under the present law “if Adopted and kept up to the teachings of experi ence.” He said that he could see no ob jection to one banking institution selling securities to another bank which it owned. • prudence,” he said, would prevent the officers of a bank from accepting too much of a doubtful security. He thought, this matter could be safely left to the “self respecting men,” on the board of directors, and that no further law was necessary. •Then you think the less law ttie better for banks and trust companies?” asked Air. Untermyer. ”Yes,” asserted Mr. Schiff. “Too much law can crush the life out of a bank.” Few Men in Control Mr. Schiff said that he had observed a concentration of the control of money and credit into the hands of a few corpora tions during the last few years, and that t lie control of these corporations had been centralized In the hands of a few men. "Has this been a subject of concern to you?” asked Mr. Untermyer. "No. It has not.” ”Would that be a subject of concern to you if it continued to draft until all control was in the same bands?” "I can't answer that question,” said Mr. 8chiff. "Have you considered the possible ef fect of this concentration on your own credit?” ”1 do not require credit,” Mr. Schiff replied. Mr. Schiff said that lie believed it would bp better if clearing houses were in corporated. Do you see any objection to enforcing the publication of bank assets?” asked Mr. Untermyer. 'The more publicity we can have about banks the better,” said Mr. Schiff. Mr. Schiff further said he would not approve of one bank owning another. Opposed to Holding Companies “As a rule, he said, “I am opposed to all holding companies." "Why?" “Because they lead to concentration which, under our law and under our con eiiions. should not be allowed." was Mr. Srhiff’s reply. The witness declared that he did "ot object to the concentration in the iiands of individuals, but he did not object to corporation concenratlon. "I believe In individual freedom." he said. "I believe the individual should be allowed to do hts best. If he goes too far the laws of nature would interfere. The first great attempt at monopoly was at the time of the Tower of Babel. That fell of its own weight. Every indi vidual monopoly will do the same when It reaches that point. The laws of na ture take care of that and no law of man is required." "But have you ever thought what would happen while this monopoly was grow ing and when it fell of its own weight?" "No. 1 have never thought of that " said Mr. Schiff. New Potash Bill Berlin. Germany, January lfi.—The Ger man government is preparing a new pot ash bill, which today is designed to re strict production, according to a report made by Clemons Delbrueck, minister of the interior, at the meeting of the budget committee of tne imperial parliament. The measure p-obably will be reported before the termination of the present ses sion. ROLE BILL PASSES Long and Stern Battle Ends in Passing the Measure IS LATER READ IN HOUSE OF LORDS Brilliant Speeches Again Mark Ses sion in House—Nationalists Re ceive the Decision With Great Enthusiasm London, January 16.—After a long, stern battle the home rule bill passed the House of commons tonigbt by a majority of 110. Later it was read for the first time in the house of lords. There were two divisions in the lower house. Mr. Balfour’s motion for its re jection was defeated 258 to 368. while the third reading was carried by a vote of 367 to 237, one member of each side having left the house in the interval. The result of the division was too much a foregone conclusion for a tremendous demonstration, but Irishmen inside and outside of the house did their best and assisted by the liberals and laborites, gave the measure for which they had waited and worked so long a good send off on its way to the house of lords, where its fate certainly is sealed. Brilliant Speeches The division was proceeded by another series of brilliant speeches by the political leaders, among whom were Frederick E. Smith and the solicitor general, Sir John A. Simon, tw'o of the cleverest among the younger members, and the veterans, John E. Redmond, Timothy Healy and Augus tine Birrell, chief secretary for Ireland. The house was crowded throughout the clay. The nationalists were only one man short of their full strength. Several of th » older nationalists, who ure seldom j able to attend, came over from Ireland for the division. The liberals and laborites. too, turned out in force and the unionists were not far below their total membership. The gal leries were filled to their capacity. Decision Is Cheered When the figures were announced ihe | nationalists waved hats, handkerchiefs j and papers and cheered lustily for Pre- ] mier Asquith and Mr. Redmond. The lat- J te~. who is usually impassive, was car- i ried away by the enthusiasm of his fol lowers, and entered into ttie spirit of the d< monstratlons as effusively as they. Those Avho crowded the lobbies received the figures with another roar of welcome and added to this by cheering. The bill itself as a copy was carried by an of ficial from the commons to the lords. The upper house met especially to re ceive the measure and formally passed Its first reading. The house of commons soon quieted alter the Irish demonstration, but outside the crowd continued to cheer for some time. A strong force of police prevented any attempt at an organized demonstra tion fearing a clash between the opposing factions. The nationalist^' song and cheers brought forth counter cries from the persons who had gathered largely out of curiosity. An anti-home rule demonstration was held in the streets of Belfast tonight end a copy of the bill burned amid deafening cheers. 'Intense excitement prevailed, hut there was no disorder. In a characteristic speech in the course of the debate Mr. Redmond dwell feel ingly on the years of defeat and discour agement through which Irishmen had passed in their efforts to gain home rule and now their day of victory had ar rived. "We know that the House of Lords is going to throw the home rule bill out,” he said, “but l believe the home rule bill, in spite of the House of Lords, is going to pass into law within the life time of this parliament.” Andrew' Bonar Law. leader of the op position, said that for a generation the liberals had been emulating Sisyphus They had rolled the stone to the top of the hill for a third time, but the cheers over the \*ote about to be taken would not have died away when the stone had begun to roll down, this time to remain at the bottom. Will Never Welcome Law He declared that no bill which Included Ulster without Ulster's consent ever could become a law. The bill, as it was, could not stand for a single year. Once they pave Mr. Redmond a parliament, in Dub lin he could, alter It In any way he pleased. Compared with 18*5 and 1893, the speaker added, the demand now for home rule had decreaaed, while the hostility against It liad intensified. The real demand came from the nationalist party, which had so| votes to sell. The unionist party, he said, would remove that temptation when It got the chance, by reducing the Irish representation at Westminster to lust pto portlons. He challenged Mr. Birrell to say that the bill could be imposed upon Ulster without bloodshed. "No rebellion would he belter Justified,'1 the opposition leader declared. ••The men of Ulster are ready to give up their lives at the hands of British soldiers. If they shoot down a hundred in Belfast, 3009 will he ready next day to share their late!" Mr. Birrell concluded the debate. He regretted that the opposition had merely beiittled*the movement which, for y»ars. had been the soul of Ireland. He chal lenged any one to say that the present j (Conllaned aa Page Eight.) ' j GEORGE W. GOETHALS TALKS" OF PANAMA CANAL PROGRESS - i Washington, January 16.—Col. George W. Goethals, chairman of the isthmian canal commission, told the House com mittee on appropriations today about the progress of tho Panama canal, over which he expects ’o send a ship or two experimentally next autumn. He and half a dozen bureau chiefs of the war department spent the day at the Cap itol explaining th^ official eatlmates of 06.700.000 that me government wanta provided for in tho coming sundry civil appropriation tw cover fortifications, batteries, camps and the like during the next fiscal year. It Is estimated that ultimately the fortifications as* would he yn.000,000. The date set for opening the canal to commerce is January 1. 1915. A host of detaila must be work'd out between the time the canal Is fin ished and its opening date. Pilots will be needed, vessels will make experi mental trips tp test the working ef ficiency of the waterway, cross cur rents that may he encountered by the tunning in of the Chagres river be tween the locks of Qatun and Mila flores will be figuted on and many things must he adjusted in the pre liminary period leading up to the actual opening of the canal. Colontl Ooethal8 la going to confer with President-elect Wilson at Trenton and wil. meet with the committee again Monday, THE NEW ORDER OF THINGS DAY PASSES IN THE PEACECONFERENCE Part of European Press Claims Delay Is Due to the German Am bassador London. January 18.—Another das' has passed without progress In the peace ne gotiations. The ambassadors of the pow ers have not yet presented their collec tive note to the porte. Constantinople dispatches say that the delay Is due to the failure of the German ambassador to receive irstructlons from his govern ment. Part of the European press blames Germany, charging that she is standing outside the concert of Europe and pla - ing a game of her own. The ambassa dors at London deny this. One said to day : "This suggestion Is wholly unjust. Thank God. tile iriifl promising fea ture of the situation is that all tlie pow ers are marching |ogetlier." Bulgaria in Earnest Considerable difficulty lias been expert eneed in carrying: on an exchange of views through code telegrams and thi.s is explained to be the real cause of the delay. The fact that King Ferdinand of Bulgaria, with his ministers, Jour neyed to Mustapha Pasha for a council of war yesterday with General Savoff and tiie commanders of the four Bulga rian armies is considered proof that the Bulgarian threat to begin the war soon is in earnest. Dr. Daneff. the chief Bulgarian envoy, has received a long cipher telegram from the premier, telling of King Ferdinand’s visit and describing the condition of the armies besieging Adrianople and facing Tchatalja. The Bulgarian soldiers, says the premier, are in higli spirits and eager again to measure themselves against their traditional foes. Strategem Suspected Fugitives, all claiming to be soldiers, are escaping from Adriunople in sued) numbers that the Bulgarians suspect a strategem on the part of the Shukrl Pasha, the Turkish commander, to rid himself of the burden of feeding civilians by sending them out as deserting sol diers. Dr. Daneff today handed to M. Joneseu, the Rumanian minister of the interior, the Bulgarian reply to the Rumanian claims respecting the rectification of tiie Dthrudja frontier and the future status of the Vlaeh communities in the terri tory Turkey cedes to Bulgaria. M. Jones cu will take the reply to Bucharest for submission to the cabinet. Arrange Bulgarian Loan St. Petersburg, January 16.—The Bul garian minister of finance, T. Tiieo doroff, about whose mission to St. Pe tersburg there has been much mystery, declared today that tiie purpose of his trip here and to other European cap itals was to arrange for a Bulgarian loan after the war had ceased. The sum necessarily, lie said, would amount to more than 20o.000.000 francs (ap proximately 640.000.000). The negotiations which had been ar ranged in Paris for the spring had. he declared, Imen abandoned by the French bankers who were opposed to the war. The results In St Peters burg have, however, been satisfactory. Theodoroff, who leaves tomorrow for Paris, speaking of the dispute between Roumanla and Bulgaria, pointed out that any cession of territory must he aoroved bv the Bulgarian parliament and that this approval It was utterly Impossible to secure for the cessions demanded by Roumanla. The Bulgarian army, he asserted, was able to hold its present position before the lines at Tchatalja against an army three timeR as stiong as that of the Turks. This statement is thought to bo indicative of the Bulgarian intentiQn merely to hold the Turks and allow Adrianople to fall. Pressing Need of I-oans Constantinople. January lU.-Representa tives of an international group have had several interviews with the ruikleli fi nance minister as to a loan to relievo I he pressing wants of the Turkish treas ury, but it is feared nothing can be done until peace has been concluded. To Resume Hostilities Sofia. January lH.-The Mir savs the council at Mustapha Pasha yesterday, which Included King Ferdinand, Ills min isters and generals, decided to resume hos tilities If Turkey failed to accept, the al lies' terms immediately after oho re ceived the collective note of the powers Athens. January 16.-A royal decree Is sued tonight appoints Crown Prince Con stantino commander in chief of the Greek armies do Macedonia and Kplrus. TANGLED SITUATION OVER ELECTION OF FRENCHPRESIDENT Executive Will Be Chosen Today by the National As&embly of Ver sailles Paris, January 16.—A president of i Prance will be chosen tomorrow by tnem ! hers of the chamber of deputies and oi the Senate sitting together as the national assembly of Versailles. The eve of the election finds the situation as Involved as it was at the beginning. The joint caucus to nominate a candi date for the presidency ended today with out. giving a majority to either Premier Poincare or Jules Pams, the minister of agriculture, and it is impossible to fore rasr tomorrow’s result, although appar ently the election lies between thc««e two officials. The third ballot taken this aft ernoon gave Premier Poincare *W9 votes, while M Pams received 313. Five votes went to three other candidates. It is thought, however, that the radi cal left may bring forward a new candi date. or revive the candidacy of Antonin ! DuBost, president of the Senate, or ex- i Premier Pelix Ribot, if M. Pams does not win on the first ballot, for which the so cialist. Eduardo Vaillant stands. It is explained that tup uncertain situa tion is due to the fact that a large num ber of M. Poincare’s supporters wouid on no account vote fo»* M. Pams if the Premier withdrew, while none of the ex ponents of proportional representation, who support the candidacy* of M. Pams, would vote for Premier Poincare, if Mie minister of agriculture returned. New Compromise Lxpected Apart from this there are more than ]00 right and conservative republicans, who were not. present at the caucus, most of whom, it is believed, will vote for M. Poincare. And there are 75 socialists who might vote for the Premier «m a second ballot on account of Ids champion ship of proportional representation, of which they are zealous advocates. A larRe meeting of members of the re publican left was held late tonight under the chairmanship of ex-Premier Combes. At, the opening of tlie session the d'scus sion was exceedingly stormy, M. Clemen - ceau characterizing Ferdmand Buison as a ‘'miserable liar." Calm having been restored, the delega tion, including M. Clemenceau, Cailiaux. Combes and Monis, which had been sent to ask Premier Poincare in the interests of the republican party to withdraw, if M. Pams did likewise, reported that M. Poincare absolutely refused to do so. During the course of the day the Premier made several efforts to induce I ..eon Bourgeois to reconsider the decision and accept the candidacy, but without avail. MISSOURI TOWN GETS MAINE RELIC Washington, January 16.—Within an hour after the newspapers had appeared today announcing that the navy depart ment had an available Maine relic in the shape of a bath tub, the city of St. Jo seph, Mo., wired a peremptory claim to the department. Standing by his pledge of “first come, first served,” Captain Leigh, in charge of the relics, allotted th« bath tub to the Missouri town. TODAY’S AGE-HERALD 1— Advocates liberty of individuals to accumulate money. The English home rule bill passes the house of commons. Day passes In the peace conference without progress. Tangled situation over election of French president. Charge that fraud is being practiced against the Indians. Widely different currency reform plans suggested. Edward F. Myllus is debarred from the United States. 2— Business handled by parcel post. Chamber of Commerce to send Atchln son to capital. 3— Wilson will have united support of Senate democrats. Alabama men successful In Electra oil fields. 4— Editorial comment. &—Mark is awarded contract for the new Roden hotel. Lane's position on appeals is given. Kelley interests are hard* at work. 6— Society. 7— Sports. 8— Mobile Y. M. C. A. defeats the B. A. „ C. five. ft—Provision aimed at powder trust. 11— Grains nervous and irregular. 12— Interesting relic at corn exposition. Automobile at ruck by freight train. I i—HIM ii li I-1 AGAINST INDIANS Indians on the White Reser vation Are Claimed to Be in Pitiful Condition Washington, January 16.—Charges of gross frauds against the Indians in Min nesota on the White reservation, t fiat their condition is pitiful ami that Maj. .lames Mclwaugtilin, Indian Inspector, did not properly guard the Indians' requests in the allotments of lands, were preferred today to the House in a report • by the committee on expenditures in the interior depa rtment. The report recommended some remedy be found by Congress for ’he present Anomalous situation by which tlie commis sioner of Indian affairs has complete con trol over property worth $1.000,000.000 be longing to Indians of the various tribes in the country. The report declares that the Chippewa and other Indians were defrauded of large sums in the sale of lands and standing timber on the reservation. The 1900 sales Is cited. In it the committee finds from undisputed authority frauds committed in the details of its accomplishment. The I committee further charges that fraudu lent partiality was patronized on the In Idiam, by Simeon Michulet, Indian allotting agent, In apportioning the Indian timber forests under the law' of 1906. “The best and most valuable pine allot ments fell Into the hands of those who w<re intended In advance to receive th< m,“ says the brief. Send Out Indian Agent investigations after the acts the com mittee says in its brief resulted in the sending out of an Indian agent, Thomas Downs, who found the anomalous pro ceedings alleged partially without fourida lumber companies who claimed rights themselves as Indians and who would oe beneficiaries of the allotment fraud In aoalagous transactions remonstrated to the department for the set tir.r. aside of the contracts. The report says Major Md,aughlin, the second agent sent out, refused to allow the full blood Indians to send out runners to bring in the people, made false reports as to the number of full bloods present and gave no adequate notice to the Indians of the public meetings at which the questions came up which in effect was a council of lumber companies. • The action of for mer Commissioner Francis K. Daupp was cordernned on the ground that he prevent ed a full statement of the lmilans' com plaints to President Koosevelt during his incumbency. Exaggeration Charged l.i presenting their report to the House, minority members of the committee de clare the majority report “shows on its fat t evidence of extreme exaggeration on statement and reckless charges of the most serious character against the In dian service as a whole and against pub lic officials in particular, who have a rec ord of faithful service which entitles them to. and lias heretofore secured for them reputations for enlightened and faithful devotion to tlie interests of the Indians and the public service.” The report refers to former Indian (Jom rrisfioner l/cupp and Indian Inspector James McLaughlin, who are criticised in the majority report, and says: ••.sweeping and serious charges against men of such established record and repu tation for faithful, honest and sympa thetic service for the Indians and the public are not justified by hurried and superficial examination of some isolated official act.” “Most of the procedure, acts and prac tices criticised and complained of,” the report concludes, “occurred under the operation of the so-called Clapp amend ment to Indian appropriation Mil. If the carrying out of the acts of Congress re sulted In loss to the Indians the blame would seem to lie with Congress and not with the Indian office, which, from tile record, seems to have been opposed to the legislation.” SOUTH’S NEWSPAPER PUBLISHERS MEET i New Orleans, January 16. The South ern Newspaper Publishers’ association and the southwestern Association of he Associated Press met here In joint con vention today. After addresses of wel come and responses were made the joint session was resolved Into a meeting of Associated Pr.'ss papers and matters cf working detail discussed. + The visitors w.rc guests of the progressive union at luncheon, followed by an automobile ride. Business session will he held tomorrow!. About ,*1 editors and their wives will sail Saturday oil the steamship Atenas for Panama. WIDELY DIFFERENT PLANS SUGGESTED Two Plans Submitted to the House Committee by Prominent Bankers DECLARES CENTRAL POWER UNNECESSARY Both Bankers Agree That Is Is Not Necessary for America to Copy Foreign Banking Methods LpAY IN CONGRESS. SENAThPI Resumed consideration of legislative, executive and judicial appropriation bill. Further testimony regarding Arch- | bold letters heard by campaign funds j investigating committee. Passed legislative, executive and judicial appropriation bill containing provision for commerce court to June .**). Resumed consideration of omnibus claims bill defeating amendment for appropriation to pay French spolia tion claims Senator Root vigorously denied i speech credited to him and circulated extensively throughout Central and South America for purpose of stirring up strife against United States. Commerce committee ordered favor aide report on bill authorizing con struction of dam across Connecticut river at King's Island and levying annual rental. Confirmed nomination of Col. Ed .T. McClernand to succeed General Wotherspoon ns brigadier general. Adjourned at 4:50 p. m. until noon Friday. HOUSE: Begins debate on army ap propriation bill carrying $9J.sao,ooo. Chairman Graham of interior depart ment expenditures committee of Htu benville made report in duplicate charging that many frauds had been committed against White Earth In dians. Prominent bankers testify before Chairman Pujo. Mr. Pujo announces adjournment will be taken until Jan uary 23. Views on what new banking and currency law should contain were given currency reform committee by bankers. Chairman Glass announcing committee would bear farmers, lubor men and merchants. Fortifications appropriation bill, car rying $5,218,250 was reported. Ways and means committee ordered favorable report of resolution direct ing President to advise House whether rebates bad been given importers of hemp from Philippines. Adjourned at (>:I2 p. in. until noon Friday. Washington. January t$.—Two widely different plans for banking and currency legislation were recommended to the * House currency reform committee by j prominent bankers. George M. Reynolds, j president of the Chicago Continental and j Commercial National bank, and a mem ber of tlie national monetary commis sion, Insisted that some central power similar to the Central Reserve associa tion proposed1 in the monetary commis sion's plan, was essential to any sound banking system. W. A. Nash, chairman of the hoard of directors of the New York Corn Ex change hank, and a former president of the New York Clearing House associa tion, declared that a central power was unnecessary, and proposed an association of 20 geographically located clearing houses with power to issue loan certifi cates convertible upon demand to govern tnent currency. Both bankers told the committee that it was not necessary for America to copy foreign banking methods. When Chairman Glass asked for an opinion on regional reserve banks or associa tions. with a supervising treasury board. Mr. Reynolds said he thought such a plan would work If the supervising board had suffic ient power and absolute control over the Issue of notes. New Immigration Hill Washington, January IB.—The immigra tion bill was agreed upon in conference between the two Houses today. It will be brought up for adoption probably to morrow' In the House, where it was re ported late today by Representative Bur nett of Alabama, who framed the House proposition. 4 As agreed on Immigrants will have to lead their own language, bur this re quirement will he waived in the case of wives, widows, single daughters and cer tain others. The Senate yielded on its Idea of requiring both a reading and w'ritinn test. The head tax on immigrants was in creased by the conferees from $4 to $.j each, but there were exceptions as to this in favor of Uanadlans and Mexicans because of their adjacent territory. Under the terms of the conference ra tion tinned on I*age Right.) p:, THE UNITED STATES An Undesirable Immigrant, According to American Immigration Laws OFFENSE INVOLVES MORAL TURPITUDE Secretary Nagel Gives Final Decision. Only Appeal to the Courts Can Now Stay His Deportation Washington, January 16.—TCdward F*. Mylius, the journalist, convicted in London of libeling King George, .or which he paid a penalty of 10 months in prison, was ordered turned away from the gates of the United States to day by Secretary of Commerce and Labor Nagel, as an undesirable immi grant within the meaning of Americao immigration laws. The cabinet offical held that Mylius* offense was a crime involving moral turpitude, which barred his admission. He denied tlie contention that it was a purely political crime, excepted by the statutes. Only appeal to the courts now can stay Mylius’ deportation “I cannot assume,” said Secretary Nagel in his decision, “that a law which excludes anarchists and persons w'ito advocate the overthrow of government or the assassination of public officials, was intended to admit the publisher of a false charge of bigamy simply be cause he advances a political purpose or motive for the act, or because the false charge was directed against a king among others, or because the court in which the trial was had re garded the political aspect of the case us an aggravation of the offense.” Seditious Libel Claimed Proponents of Mylius advanced the defense that he was convicted of sedi tious libel—a political crime—that his trial in London had been a farce; that in circulating: a story attacking the honor of the King of England he was aiming a blow at monarchical govern ment in the interest of republicanism which should make him a welcome visitor to a free country. The alleged libelous story, published In the Paris Liberator, and for the dis tribution of which in England Mylius was convicted, charged that George V, when a prince, contracted a mor ganatic marriage in 18'JO with the daughter of Sir Michael Culme-Sey mour, an admiral of the British navy, now the wife of Capt. Trevelyan Na pier. In ordering the deportation of the journalist, Secretary Nagel was con fronted with the unique situation that although Mylius was not eligible to en ter America, he was not barred from returning to England, where his al leged crime was committed. "It is admitted," said the Secretary, "that t his alien was accused of having published a libel charging the King with bigamy; that he was tried before* a jury, convicted and sentenced, and that he served ills term. It cannot be doubted thaf the offense for which the alien was convicted is of the character described in our statute as a ground for exclusion. Moral Turpitude Involved “The only question left for discussion Is. whether (he offense should he re garded as 'purely political, not Involv ing moral turpitude,’ and therefore meets the exception 1 n the statute. "Primarily a false charge of bigamy Is a common crime. In this Instance that charge was directed, not only against the King, but by Inference against Mrs. Napier. While a convic tion In a properly constituted court of a civilised country is for all purposes conclusive upon us In the consideration iif such cases, it is proper to add that tile alien admits the circulation of the libel, that upon the trial, no evidence was offered to substantiate the charge, and that Mrs. Napier, her faiher an t her brother, and other witnesses, testi fied without contradltion or cross ex amination to Its entire untruth. The sole argument so advanced In favor of Ireallng this offense as a purely politi cal one is that the writer of the article In Pails, and Mr. .Mylius In England, Intended It as an attack upon a phase of a monarchical institution, and hi Justification of good morals and true religion; and that the crown In its proceeding treated It as a political of fense. "1 have not found a clear detlnation of ‘political offense.’ The accepted rule seems to be that, to constitute a polit ical offense, it Is necessary to show something In the nature of concerted act Ion.'' The alleged crime lacked this charac ter, the Secretary further said, and was not part of a political Controversy, an uprising or a common movement, but Mylius depended entirely upon his avowed motive or purpose to give his act the required political character. "If such a contention is to be as cepted," added Mr. Nagel, there is no crime In the calendar which cannot be .provided with the proper coloring by the offender himself." .. EXPLOSION OF STEAMER MAY REMAIN MYSTERY Mobile, .January 16.—(Special.)—For more than two hours Thursday morn ing (Jreen Vernuiile, engineer of the i in fated river steamer James T. Hta i pies, which exploded her boilers at Poe's | Landing a week ago, was interrogated by Inspector Kugeiie Bryan in the fed eral inquiry into the cause of the ex plosion. When the examination concluded if the inspector was any nearer a solu tion of the mystery which envelopes ! the explosion It was not apparent. The examination of Engineer Vernuiile was j | rigid in the extreme. He was carried j over the entire ground, questioned and] I requestioned. If the engineer has any theory as to the cause of the explosion It was not developed at the examination. "The cause of tin? explosion will, in my humble opini m, ever remain a mystery," said Engineer Vernuili • "God knows, I w juld give my life to tell the cause; it has tormented me un til I am heartsick, if I had the re motest idea of the cause, don't you think 1 would be glad to give the pub lic the benefit of it? 1 have not found tho sliBhtrHt thing that would Biv< an inkling an to tho cans® or the e\ plosion.’■ "What were tho distinctive detona tions? Why. I aru tire that the mud drum exploded drat, then the boilers. But what could have caused the mud drum to ex'plode? l am sure I don't know. No, it could not have been tho caking of mud. Why, the gooseneck, a large pipe that lends to the mud drum, is too large to become clogged in such a short period as remained from the time it was thoroughly cleaned until the accident. The supply pipe conies from the mud drum to the boilers. *'I have positive proof that there was ample water In the boilers and that the steam pressure was not in excess of 143 pounds. If the water had been low the soft plugs in the boiler would have melted vgith a warning and given suf ficient time to enable us to draw the tires. The engines were working flue, the doctor was working when the ex plosion occurred. John Parr of Camden died today, making the tweu’iolh victim of tin disaster. A diver btought the remains of Mate Henry Moiton from the w reck age late Wednesday, according to in formation received here today. No trao* of the other bodies could be found.