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Husbands! A Dress That Will Last 100 Years!
V - <F~ "5* €* o '' r* ! T is no longer necessary for the woman (who craTes novelty in dress to be obliged to confine herself to the ordinary fabrics of silk, woot, or cotton. She may have her frocks made from a surprising variety of materials she never would have thought possible. For instance,, she may visit her modiste and order a gown of stone. This does not necessarily imply one of wearing qualities tliat are everlasting, although she may have a guaranty of a hundred years if she wishes. Xo woman wants to wear a dress longer than n hundredth part of that period, but this material is said to be soft and pliable, as well as durable, so it may each season be made over into the prevailing fashion. Dresses of spun glass may also become quite common on the boulevards, although heretofore they have (been confined prin cipally to the side show' of a circus. Then, too, dress goods nre being made out of bananas and grass, as well as cork and paper. It is pleasant to know a use has been found for the banana skin that will keep it from under the feet. The output oi the lawn mower is said to resemble silk to a striking dpgree. and may become a popular substitute for the real thing. H* *k They Clean It by Fire. There is a little town in the north of Russia where an energetic manufacturer is making a fabric from a gray stone wfiich ii found in great quantities in the Siberian mines. It is a soft, durable, pliable goods and is in great demand by the peasants of the country, as it is guaranteed not to wear out under 100 years! It is generally dyed in the dark shades, and when it is soiled it has only to be passed through the fire to come A City Touched by Midas; Golden Walls and Streets. IF Dick Whittington had only lived to day he might have found the city whose streets were paved with gold. For re cent investigation lias brought to light the fact that such a place does exist, and that there is marvelo'us wealth in the little Mexican town of Mazapil. Imagine the bricks of the pavement being full of gold and estimated from $500 to $600 to the ton! And there is a single wall about a garden in front of the town hall which is valued at a million dollars! It seems that not long ago an American mining engineer was roaming through that country, and when he came back into civil! ration he brought with him a few bricks and some samples of slag. He was not sure if they were worth anything at all, and never lreamed of their real value, but he turnel them over to his company's assayer. The assnyer's report was startling. If there was niorp of the same stuff to he had, ho said, untold wealth was in sight, and im mediately the company started an investi gation. It was found that the nssayer's estimate was not exaggerated. The street! of Mazapil were literally paved with gold. und u high percentage of silver, too, and some of the baser nietnls. such as copper, lead, and zinc. Of course it did not lake many days be fore the little town was being deluged with the company's representatives, who pro ceeded promptly to buy up every inch of available property. The natives, ignorant of the value, sold out for a aong. The company' purchased all the old smelters and slag piles and dilapidated walls and buildings. It even bought up the pnstofflee. The only thing which they could not get was the Roman Catholic church. The priests refused positively to sell, and no amount of money seemed to tempt them. In vain did the representatives offer higher prices. They were forced to he content with out the church. Then, just as they were on the verge -f removing the bricks and slags to the modern smelters, the Mexican revolution started and all operations along- that line had to he suspended. P.ut it is needless to Say that every inch of the little town Is being care fully guarded for the future use of the for tunate company. Where Women Wear Trousers and Men Dress Up in Skirts. THERE are places in tlie world where women dress in men's clothing and men don women's apparel. Even in Paris there are women dressed in cheap, coarse, masculine attire, working as teamsters and day laborers. While it is against the law, the police wink at the fact and allow them to earn peace ably their daily wages, in Persia, in some of the interior parts, the women wear the strangpst, oddest trou ser garments. They seem to like them, too, from the fact that they cling to them in spite of all cffortH to make them don femi nine attire. Then there are the Alpine dairy maids who dress as men when they go about their work and look pretty, if we are inclined to take evidence from the numbers of men who yearly persuade them to cast off their mascu line dress and put on more clinging costumes. But then their eyes are so bright and their i lieeks so red that they couldn't really look homely in anything they might choose to wear. Again, far in the north, where it is freez ing cold most of the time, and people dress to be comfortable and not to look pretty, the women are actually forced into trousers to keep warm. The ancient women warriors always wore trousers. But their reasons were purely mili tary. Besides, they were half masculine iu manner and appearance, and dressed to ac centuate their qualities. They had to make themselves into fierce looking creatures to terrify the men on the opposing side, and from all accounts they succeeded admirably. As for the stronger sex, there still seem to he men in existence who wear women’s garb and enjoy it. In certain parts of Greece, Spain, and Albania there are bands of desperate brigands who, when they are decked out for attacks *on strangers or neighbors, look for all the world like grand opera ballet girls, in their short, brightly col ored skirts, which are made very full, and sometimes even ruffled a bit. They seem tre mendously proud of their attire, aud rival bands strive to surpass each othei* in vivid ness of patterns and newness of styles. A Chicken Dinner for 2 Cents; Alas! It Happened Lond Ado! II-' you lmd lived 500 years ago you might not have been earning just what you are today, but think of the difference in the cost of living! In Knglaud, five or six centuries ago, you could have purchased for your Sunday din ner a pair of the nicest spring chickens for 2 cents. Or, if it were around Thanksgiving or Christmas time, and you wanted to cele brate and be especially extravagant, you could have picked out for yourself the choicest goose in the market for 7 cents. On an allowance of $1, a man, if his wife were the least bit prudent, might plan to run his entire household for a month, paying the rent and the grocer and the butcher besides. Of course, rents were not what they are nowadays- Fire dollars a year would se cure far one a lake shore mansion, and an ordinary little home could be bad for about 50 cents a year, or a little over 4 cents a Booth! If a wife wanted to be particularly eco nomical she would buy a sheep, a fat one, for 25 cents. Then she would divide it up and sell it around to her neighbors at about 3 cents a pound and then keep enough for herself at a considerable gain. A cow was more expensive, as you could not get a really good one for less than $1.50. But think of eggs, fresh country eggs, for V/j cents a dozen, while if you bought your bread by the loaf you paid less than a tenth of a cent for a generous sized loaf. Beer was cheap, too, selling by the gallon, a penny a gallon, while a single glass cost about the fortieth of a cent. Horses weren t much of a luxury, costing around SO cents, and if you had no barn t > keep it in you could rent one for about 10 cents a year. Of course,, we will have to own that sal aries were not what tifey are to«ay, even then can you imagine expenses at any lower rateT \ I | Silks and Satins and Laces and Linen May Give Way to Iron and Cork and Rope and Glass and Grass. For They Make Nifty Gowns and They Wear, My! How They DO WEAR! out clean. The manufacturer is growing lieh on the proceeds. What would you think of a spun glass gown, bright and flexible and soft rs silk, and with sueh a wonderful sheen that it could only be compared to the sparkle of diamond dust? An Austrian invented this and it has already had considerable sale in some foreign cities. A lady of royal rank in Austria was the first to introduce it at court. Uers was of r delicate pink and seemed shot thr< ugh with gold. It created a tremendous >' when it first came out, hut as it is perishable and ex pensive ouly the fortunate feu have ever been aide to afford it. * * Old Rope Becoming Favorite. In England an enterprising manufacturer has made a fabric from old ropes which he unravels, weaves into rough cloths, and dyes various attractive bright shades. He is making money, too, and has established an extensive trade with many of the British colonies. The people of the Sandwich islands wear perha'ps the most peculiar of all cloths. It is a fabric made from the mulberry plant. The inner bark is stripped and then washed carefully and thoroughly. After that it is steeped in water for a long time. When it is woven Into goods it is delicate and very pretty nnd of a wonderful pure white. It has been used to make caps nnd ruffles and whole suits of lightweight garments. Then in India ami Jamaica (lie natives have a process whereby they weave the fibers of the banana, after first steeping them and putting them through some simple, process, into a coarse, loose cloth. In its natural shade it is gray, bnt it takes other dyes very readily. Iron for the Coat Collar. In some parts of the world a heavy iron doth is used by tailors to make the collars of coats fit well. The goods is made from a steel wool and has a rough, horsehairy appearance. Of all novelty materials that have ever been manufactured the process of this iron cloth is the most difficult anl tedious. Uoeent experiments with Chinese grass, which is grown in India, where the supply is said to be practically exhaust less, have re sulted in a fine fabric which resembles silk to a marvelous degree. It is of a beautiful quality and strong, too, and durable, and besides these advantages it has the nddo I merit of cheapness. It can he made at a price but slightly more than the cost of manufacturing cotton. The dried grass is used, being chemically treated first. * * Cork May Be the Mode. A firm, substantial goods has lately been produced from tbo fiber of palm leaves. It is first treated by an acid preparation and then left to ferment for a number of days. This is an industry which bids fair to en ter extensively into the textile world’s mnnu flhetures. ' . I. 1111 Divorce Simple in Babylon; the Cost of Alimony Was Low. TillO oldest cuneiform letters in tlic world have been found. Besides being the old est letters in cubiform writing known they are interesting because of kicks against boarding house keepers, husbands, etc. These letters arc written in cunei form writing on bricks Hint are being un earthed by (lie Herman Oriental society, which is now making important excavations in Nine veh, Babylon, and Ashur. 'these bricks vary in size. The largest are three inches long, two inches wide, and one fourth inch thick. The average is about one inch wide and one-fourth inch thick. These letters, according to Prof. Kiselen, who de ciphered them, must have been written from 700 to 1000 B. 0. The lettejs about the board ing house and the divorce are supposed to have belonged to the library of King Ashur Ban Apal, who lived in Nineveh in (550 B. C. This library is said to have contained about 30,000 inscribed bricks und cylinders. The most interesting of these bricks was written by n man who lived in a hoarding house. The poor’boarder does not say that his landlady set hash before him three times a day, but he intimates as much. He has written iiis father a letter in which he incloses money asking the old man to buy him fish, bread, nnd other food, as he is unable to get anything good to eat in the town where lie lives. * * An Ancient Divorce Case. Almost as interesting is a divorce cast where a man who decides he cannot live with his wife any longer promises to give her what he considers a satisfactory alimony. " Naid Marduk, son of Shnmash-bnlatsu-iqbi, will give of his own free will to Rnmva, his wife, and Arad-Bunini, his son, per day four qua of food, three qua of drink ; per year fifteen manas of goods, one pi of sesame, one pi of salt, which is nt the warehouse. Nani Muiduk will not increase it. in ease she flees to NVrgal the flight shall not annul it (Done) at the office of Mushezib-Mardub, priest of Sippar.” I’rof. Eiselen explains that a qua is about two quarts; a mana 800 grams, and a pi sev enty-two quarts. "Fifteen manas of goods” lie thought meant material for clothes for the divorced wife and her son. The alimony this Babylonian wife received was food and clothing-only, and contained nut one shekel of " coin of the renlm.” More information on the subject of alimony is to be had from this marriage contract, which says; “Itinum, son of Shamkhatutn, lias taken as a wife and spouse Bashtum, 1 lie daughter of F-/,il)itum. Her bridal present shall lie --shekels of money. When site re ceives it she shall be free. If Bashtum to Itinum her husband shall say, ‘ Thou art not . my husband,’ they shall strangle her and east tier into the river. If ftinum to Bashtum his wife shall say, ‘Thou art not my wife,’ he shall pay ten shekels of money as her alimony.’’ They swore by Shainash, Marduk, their king, SJ|amshu-ilima and Sippar. g: * Her Alimony Lump 5um of $6.20. The alimony provided in this case is really money, but it is no improvement on that set tled by Marduk upon the unfortunate ltamua. Prof. Eiselen says that the shekel referred to in this marriage contract was worth about 02 cents of our money. So the alimony which itinum agrees to give his wife in case he di vorces her amounts to only $0.20. Prof. Eiselen says such a lump sum of money, so utterly absurd to the modern woman, was common in Babylon. Working people fared not much better than wives. One brick dated 2200 B. C. records a contract by which a man hires a son from a mother to labor for two and a half shekels a year, or about six shillings. Pork and Beans Hair Tonic; Sure! Didn’t You Know That? IT has always been understood that, as a diet, pork and beans was " filling,” but it remained for a California inventor, Thomas II. Bartlett, to find out a few year ago that it bad the property of ” filling ” the hair into the head and to cause that al ready in place to ‘‘stick to” its support. In fcis patent. No. 920,902, Mr. Bartlett describes his hair tonic as consisting of pork fat, bean oil and other specified ingredients, and de / I J scribes with great particularity the cooking of a very nice edible dish of baked beans pre paratory to completing the tonic. Thus in the description forming part of his patent he says . “ I take three cups of common white beans and throe pounds of salt pork. The beans are parboiled, and then boiled with the pork for eight hours, and then covered tight and baked for twelve hours." With brown bread that would make a pretty good Saturday night tea in Boston. LATEST I STYLES LIME STONE GRANITE SOAP STONE SAND STONE pumke STONE Queer cork lined fabrics threaten to coin% into fashion. In France not many months ago a new fabric was produced in which cork was woven on one side of the goods. It was light and comfortable and waterproof and absolutely without odor. It was designed ti take the place of rubber cloth and so over come the disadvantages of tlie latter. It lias already bad considerable sale and is said to be proving satisfactory. Paper dress goods are becoming popular throughout the world. It has been prophe sied by experts in the clothing industries that the civilization of tomorrow will be entirely ‘■lad in paper. A little startling, at the first reading, hut when it is seen the wi le rogue paper goods is having the statement is not so inconceivable after all. Xyolin/the cloth was called when it was first produced and manfactured by n Mr. ■ray—nfimrrPi w p.:r-r&i&Fifapwsm.2mr*ay2nr ** xxtk Claviez in Saxony. It is made from a wood tiller, spun into a paper thread so that the goods is 9.1 per cent paper. The process ih a secret one and patented. It is not brittle and it will not shrink. Dampness has prac tically no effect, and it can be used as an excellent substitute for cotton and linen, be ing only one-third of the price of cotton and one-half the price of linen. England, France, (l^rmany, and many other European countries are turning out large numbers of paper dressing gowns, bath robes, dresses, ami even gloves, of brilliantly vivid patterns of flowers and scroll effects of different designs. The goods is guaranteed not to fade and the range..of shndes it can be dyed far outmatches the range of colors to which cotton and silks are susceptible. In fact, infinite possibilities are predicted along the line of new shades and color combi nations in this pa per,novelty cloth. What Turkish Names Mean; Help in Your War Reading*. Til!*] confusion which has arisen in re gard to understanding the whereabouts mid pronouncing the names of the places which figure in the accounts of file Balkan war is quite excusable, for they are perplexing to a degree. One reason for the confusion which exists concerning the locality of various towns and villages is that in * numerous cases they have three names -Turk ish, Greek, and Slav—while a few of them have even a fourth—Frank, or European — name as well. For instance, Edirneh and I'.skub are merely Turkish corruptions of the Greek Adrianoplc and the Greek Skopin, the latter of which in the Slav languages becomes Skop liye. Others, again, arc translations . from one language into another, Bidopolye (Ser vian!, in the Sanjak of Novibaznr, being the same place hr Akova (Turkish). Kirk Kilisseb, according to the current interpre tation, means in Turkish “Forty (’hurdles,” from “kirk,” meaning forty, and " kilisseh,” meaning church. Some high authorities on Turkish philology assert that the first word of the name should not be “ Kirk,” hut “ Kirik,” meaning broken, tumbledown, and that the name was given to the town from the ruins of au old church which were a prominent landmark when the Turks occupied it. However llist may he, whether the name means “ Ruined Church” or “Forty Churches,” the Slav name, Lozen grad, the City of Vineyards (Kirk Kilisseb is famous for its wines), is altogether distinct. * * * What " Tsch ” Stands For. Occasionally, on the same map, “ c,” “ cb, ’ “tch,” “Inch” will stand for one and the same thing, says the Times, and the same towel sounds will he represented in half a dozen different ways—e. g., “kupru," “kilprit," “keupreu,” nre nil the same Turkish words, meaning bridge. The number of small Albnninn colonies scat tered over Kuropean Turkey sufficiently ex plains the number of places called Arnaulkcui to any one who remembers that nn Arnaut is an Albanian and keui a village. Among the most common words that occur in place nnmes may he mentioned shehr, tower; htssnr, castle: kale, or Unleh, fort, kalin, or ban, inn; liman, harbor; burun, cape; chesmeh, spring; chiftlik, farm; kum, sand : gntaeh, tree; kavak, pnplnr; bagh. park ; hnghchch, garden; dcre. or dereh, valley; sn, water, or river; irmak, or yirmak, river; tape, or tepeh, hill. ' * * The Origin of Tchalaldja. Among tin lues* of frequent occurrence it is interesting In note that Chatalja, or Tclin taldja, from “ ehatal." a fork, probably means the place at the forked roads. Deli Yunus, at (lie north of the Tcbataldja lines, which was at oue time reported to have been cap tured by the Bulgarians, simply means the 1‘rophct Jonas, from “dell," mad. or inspired, mid Yiiuiis, the Turkish form of the name Jonas. The name perpetuates a local tra dition. The name Kuuiclia tin Turkish, ltumili) for Kuropean Turkey is itself interesting in ils origin. " Bum," the Turkish word for S Greek, is itself a corruption of Roman, and was applied to the Greeks in Byzantine times as the people of New Home; “ il ” means land, or country, and the “ 1 ” is merely a suffix, marking what one may call the Turkish reflex genitive. The whole name means “the land of the Greeks.” All In? You May Be a Victim of the Bird Cage D isease.i BIKL> ciiRp disease is the newest and the oldest ailment of mankind, ac cording to -Dr. Mayard Austin, an eastern physician of prominence. Hare you the symptoms? Do you feel as you sometimes have thought birds must feel confined to the small lhjjils of their tiny cages ami drooping pathetically and refusing to sing? And do yon have an all gone feeling, just ns if you hadn’t n desire in th9 world to do anything or he anybody? That's it, then, the bird cage disease. You have it, and you want to pull yourself to gether and not let it grip you too hard. For It is a lot more dangerous than it sounds when it once gets a start. According to Dr. Maynard, a man be comes weaker as be becomes wiser, and pays high for. the added luxury and comforts and convenience and enjoyment. Human bt-^m iugs remind him of birds. We hnv^m all seen songsters droop and refusw to sing, and the only tiling in tkv world that is the matter with them is thaf they have lieen treated too kindly, have been kept too delieate and sensitive and dependent. And that is exactly what happens to peopla, in different kinds of ways, of course, and sliows itself in all kinds of different aches and pains. So when you begin to get that bird cage feeling, when you are just sure that you can't do anything, no matter how hard you try. why, just get out of doors, and stay out of doors, and get plenty of exercise and a calm, sane viewpoint. For that is probably all that you need. | Itut you mi) need a lot more if you let yourself go. Hotel Builds an Aero Depot; Drop In When You’re in Town. gOU can tly directly to one of the moat prominent Philadelphia hotels, and land on the elegantly equipped aero plane landing which ia now in process of construction, and expected to be finished shortly. Though prohnbly by the time you got your noroplnne such landings will be es tablished all over the country. For if this one is a success the proprietor is going to erect a series of similar ones in different cities. The landing of the platform is large and • adequate, being about 100 feet long by TO feet wide. And them are to be a series of buffers with sand bags attached to break the momentum of the machine. There will also be a trap to catch the aeroplanes and pre- i vent them from falling off the roof. J So far. however, nothing has been saidJ as to whether the price of the top tlooa room* in the hotel will take a tumble owinn to the quite natural disturbances which man result from the landing of the noisy mal chinas directly over one's bead. ¥ r, ( f i