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MRS. ORR PRESENTS
WOMAN’S VIEW OF SMOKE QUESTION Points to the Difficulties of Cleanliness Under Pres * ent Conditions MANUFACTURERS SHOULD KEEP CLEAN President of Civic League Says the Women of the City Are Ones Most Vitally Affected by Existing Conditions To the Editor of The Ape-Herald: The' Woman's Civic league of Birming ham wishes to enter a protest against some of the arguments advanced against the smoke ordinance, which is now being discussed In all the papers. Being on record as one of the first organizations In favor of this ordinance, we wish to state that our opinion as to the desira bility of such an ordinance has not changed. ^ One argument which has been frequent ly advanced seems to me a poor adver tisement for Birmingham. The assertion that a smoke ordinance will drive indus tries away from us is a reflection on us. Is the license to belch forth smoke the only attraction this district can offer to industries? We had supposed we had some other and more solid advantages to offer. Personally, we would be ashamed to of fer business men, who were hunting a lo cation for a business enterprise, the very flimsy inducement that we would allow them to deface our city if they would locate among us. An industry which is seeking such an inducement as this may be seriously em barrassed in their selection of a site in a city for an ever increasing number of cities are using the protection of a smoke ordinance. Do we want the large manu facturing concerns which sflread their stockholders’ money to the four winds of heaven from the tops of their smoke stacks? America is becoming less and less the home of extravagance and waste in man 2h inch Front - 2 inch HacKl Styled for Men g/'Style COON <fr CO MAILERS TROy NM > For Sale In IlirmtiiKliniii lly Armstrong Hat Co. “Birmingham Special” For Birmingham People Southern Railway Premier Carrier of the South nr'f'fT' time BEST Presidential Inauguration Lv. Birmingham 9:30 a.m. Ar. Washington 10:40 a.m. It's a solid steel train of modern coaches, drawing room sleeping cars, observation—library car and Southern Railway dining car service. Another Good Train “U. S. Fast Mail” Lv. Birmingham 5:50 p.m. Ar. Washington 10:40 p.m. Low Round Trip Rate $23.25 Individual Fare $17.00 Party Fare The party fare is for twenty-five or more traveling on one ticket. Tickets on sale February 28. -- March 1, G and 3, final limit March 10. For $1.00 the individual tickets may be extended to April 10, 1913. Stt>p } vers allowed at all —- agency sta tions. both directions, within lim it, by notifying conductors and depositing ticket with the ticket agent. This includes Anniston, Atlanta. Gainesville, Greenville. Spartanburg, Charlotte, Greens boro, Salisbury, Danville, Lynch burg, Charlottesville and Manas sas. Write for beautifully illustrat ed booklet on ceremonies inci dent to the inauguration and other valuable information about Washington. MAKE RESERVATIONS NOW JAMES FREEMAN Asst. Gen. Pas. Agent MITCHELL COXWELL Dist, Pas. Agent Birmingham, Alabama KING OF THE CARNIVAL HAS NARROW ESCAPE New Orleans, February 3.—Hex. King< • »l the carnival, and members of the royal '■t ort of the Mardl Gras ruler, narrowly escaped a bath In the Mississippi river this afternoon when his majesty's royal yacht, “Stranger,” collided with an ex cursion .steamer loaded with visitors. The collision caused-, considerable excitement on board the royal yacht and the exeur mi u boat. Two musicians, members of t lie royal band of Mars, who had accom panied his majesty on the trip from tlie' mythical regions, were injured and were sent, to a hospital. Both vessels were slightly damaged by the impact and two life boats of ine “.Stranger” were crushed. T’le accident delayed the landing or Hex and hi:* court fur ah hour. Thou sand** of people \v*io thronged the streets to greet 1.is majesty, and witness the military paiade. Hex reccdved the keys ol' the city in.in Mayor Martin B'ehrtnan at ;j o’cTin 'i. from which hout* all New Orleans entered upon the annual feast ol frolic atid festivity deeVeed during the two days 1 e*Kii of the Mardi liras ruler. Tonight the Krewe-of Proteus appeared on tiie streets in a magnificent pageant of Do I :oa(s i'fuatrMlng the search' of Teleinacinifc tor his ratlier. 1 lyases. The parade w.lh followed by a tableaux and ball at the French opera house where Proteus crowned ills' queen, Miss Jose phine Janiver. ■••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••at«••••••••••••* ! ufacturing enterprises, lessening of cost of production is now the watch word otj the modern manufacturer. It is poor busi ness to lose heat units in tin* atmosphere. We recognize the difference between toe problem of the small manufacturer and the large concern. The loss of heat units would not compensate the smaller I consumer of coal for the installation of ; t lie expensive methods of stoking. Thu money tie spends to prevent smoke is a straight out contribution to the welfare of tlie community, and should bp appre ciated as euch. Surely the cost of Install ing such an apparatus Is somewhere around $160—It cannot be considered a very | great hardship on any manufacturer. Some space lias been given in the papers to the opinions of different prom inent physicians on the question of the non-polsonous qualities of carbon. We ran hardly suppose that any person of adult age and even an elementary knowl edge of chemistry would be likely to class carbon among the poisonous substances. Even women Know enough chemistry 1 for tills discrimination, but we also know ’ we tan swallow with imunity substances that are dangerous to breathe. Stomachs and lungs require different treatment. The protection which nature has given the lungs by the construction of the nasal passages is completely effective only un der normal conditions. Unless physiolog ists are awful liars, the lungs of people exposed to constant dust, smoke and soot, become impregnated with these foreign substances, and are absolutely changed in color and texture. Smoke does not consist entirely of car 1 on, even if carbon is a rejuvenator of lung tissue. There are various gases which are constituent parts of it, about which Die opinion of distinguished physicians do not seem to have been asked. It does not really affect the question of the harmfulness of an atmosphere sur charged with smoke that carbon is not poisonous, creosote a disinfectant and a fine preservative for wood blocks and lamp black valuable in the arts. Nobody In all the discussion lm thought it worth while to consult the housewife- no reporter has interviewed any of us—and yet from the expression I heard at the local meeting of the Civil league such an interview might contain ‘hot stuff,” and be therefore desirable. With hecomlng modesty we wish to state that we are the meet Important people in Birmingham. The declaratlor of Independence says that the Inalienable rights of man are •'life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness.'’ We can help or hinder you mtghtly in the last of the trio. In fact we ladle out to you, be you prince or pauper, your dally comfort and happiness or the reverse We are a vast improvement on ourselves when wo are In a good humor. It might pay >ou to consult us occasionally and some times grant our wishes without too much talk. The first nf our responsibilities Is tin keeping of the house clean. We cannot evade it: cleanliness is not only "next to Godliness," but there Isn't much God liness without it. This, our first duty, Is made so hard for us that we are almost ready to give up In despair. We wear out our clothes, our carpets, our cur tains, our patience and ourselves trying to keep clean. A great proportion of us must give up things only slightly less necessary than cleanliness. culture, travel, comforts of various kinds, because the mere keeping half way clean Is si expensive. Cleanliness pursued as we must pursue It is a menace to nerves and purse Cleanliness ignored as we are tempted to Ignore It Is a menace to moral char ucter. We want a smoke ordinance. We want It enforced with as little hardship on the manufacturer as possible, but lie also may live here, if he has no respect for Ills lungs, we will try to show him there Is a better way. MBS. C. P. ORR. President Women's Civic league of Bir mingham. Birmingham. February 3. 1913. RIIS TO LECTURE AT HIGH SCHOOL Famous Anthor and Lecturer Will Speak on “The Battle of the Slums” The fifth lecture tn the High School I-*7 ceum course will be delivered next Thurs day night at the High school auditorium by Jacob A. Rlls, the famous author and expert on clt> slums. The subject of his lecture will be "The Battle of the Slums." Mr. Rlls states the evils of the slums in plain, unvarnished language. His remedy Tot this evil is "tear down and build; clean and sweep; let in the sunlight." As police reporter for the New Toik Run. Mr. Rlls first became interested tn the slums and was instrumental In start ing a movement which has resulted In many small parlys In the New York tene ment district, lit will tell of some of his experiences fn ids lecture. | SCRANTON MINE WORKERS STRIKE ■Scranton. Pa., February Accept ing the advice of union leaders, the | 7t,00 mine workers of the collerles of liie l.ackawanna Coal company, who uuit work Saturday, returned today, l ulon officials assured the strikers that nearly all the engineers have joined the organisation and that the others have agreed to become mem bers. The miners refused to work with engineers who were not members of the union and walked out, claiming that non-union engineers were still employed. Aldrich to Speak to Suffragists Col. Truman II. Aldrich will address the semi-monthly meeting: of the Bir mingham Equal Kuffrajje association next Saturday afternoon in Clark & .lones hall on Third avenue on the sub ject of “The Parcel Post and Its Ben efits.M % llaiuty Toilet trtlclr . 1*3very lady who desires to keep lip her attractive appearance, while at the-j atre, attending: reception*, when shop ping:. while traveling and on all occa sions should carry In her purse a book let of Oouraud’s Oriental Beauty J .eaves This is u dainty little booklet of exquisitely perfumed powdered leaves which are easily removed and applied u> the skin. It is invaluable when the face becomes moist and Hushed and is far superior to a pow der puff as it does not spill and soil the clothe*. < It removes dirt, soot and grea.>e from the face, imparting: a cool delicate bloom to the complexion. Put up in white and. pink and sent an\ where on receipt of 10 cents in stamps or coin, r. T. Hopkins. 37 Gc*«t Jones street, Jsew York. I # Newspaper Men Set March 13 as the Date COMMITTEES NAMED Affair Will Be in Celebration of the Inauguration of a Democratic President and Will Be on Elaborate Scale The annual dinner of the Newspaper club of Birmingham, which will serve os a celebration of the inauguration of u democratic President, will occur on the evening of Thursday, March 13. it was generally regretted that the 13th will Viot occur on Friday. The 13th was selected, despite that defect, because all good things which have come to Wood row Wilson came on the 13th day of some one of the months. Jt was determined to make the dinner the most elaborate ever given in the tits t< ry of the club or of Birmingham. The politicians will will gather and the vast horde of officeseekers. To make the com pany complete, members of*Congress will be present. Invitations will be sent to President Taft and President-elect Wil son. Committees were appointed yesterday afternoon as follows: Invitation—Hugh W. Roberts, E. R. Norman anil H. 8. Ryall. Arrangement—C. M. Stanley, R. w. Friedman, C. W. Ennis and Atticus Mul lin. Programme— W. VV. Blackman, Sidney Razartts, H. ,H. Mooney, Gus Douglas, H. D. Dowd, W. M. Clements, M. D, Semon aria Monroe Myers. The committee on publication will be selected by the chairman of that com r. ittee, J. R. Hornady, who Is presijenc of the club. It was determined to print a special edition of the official organ of the Newspaper club, copies of which will he distributed during the dinner. An elegant menu will he served. Special attention will tie given to the programme fiature, and it is whispered that much will lie said and done io produce merriment. It is anticipated that there will he in the neighborhood of 500 guests. WALKER PLANS FOR MUCH LARGER FAIRj Stockholders at Recent Meeting De cide to Invite Winston Farmers to Participate .Jasper, February 3.—(Special.)—At the' annual meeting of the stockholders of toe j Walker county fair association, extensive plans were discussed and formulated, as far as could be at this early date, for n ! much large county fair next fall. The old officers were re-elected to serve the1 coming year. These are A. S. Prestoh, j president; Scott Maxwell of Cordova, vice president; J. H. Craig, secretary. The old executive committee was also re elected, consisting R. O. Cranford, chair man; Guy V. O’Rear, John Kilgore, W. Ed Hall and J. W. Sartin. The stock holders elected a. board of directors of j whom J. H. (’ranford was made chair man. In discussing the plans for the fair next' fail, the entire management was left in the hands of the executive committee. They expect to get out a catalogue at an early date and enlarge tHe fair for the coming season. The success of the fair last fall has enhanced the value of the stock so that it is nowr selling above par. Winston county will be invited to share the fair with Walker county, both in at tendance, in exhibits, and in competing for the prises, etc. Tax Collector W. R. Richardson reports that 2648 poll tax receipts were issued for the year 1912 in Walker county. Also there were 190 back polls paid, ranging from $1.50 to $16.00, and averaging about $4.50. This is considered an excellent showing. McQueen Appointed Montgomery, February 3.—(Special.)— Governor O’Neal today appointed M. K. McQueen of Montgomery registrar of Montgomery county, to succeed W. A. Haines, deceased. The appointment was made on the recommendation of the state board of registration, composed of Gov ernor O’Neal, Commissioner of Agricul ture Reuben F. Kolb, and Auditor C. Brooks Smith. I Shoe Polishes FIMIST quauty^^larcmt VARIETY "GILT EDGE" the only ladtee’ehoe droning that positively contains Ml. Slacks and Polisht-sledies’ and ch Idle:' boots and shoes, MIMS without rub bing. Me. TMflcB GLOSS." 10c. combination for cleaning and polishlug all kinds of ruaset or tan shoes, 10c. 'llWlt" size,!6c. "QUICK WMT!" (lultaqi: form with spon?e iuulck ty cleans aud .‘lAtaa tycaavei shoes. 10c. 4 2.1c. "DMT KL.TK' combination for gentlemen who take pride In haring their oboel look A1. Restores color and 1 natra to al 1 black oboes. Polish with a brush or oloth, 10 cents. "ELITE" sias, 26 cents. (ffoard*al«rdoMiot keep (he kind you want, tend ui the prioein atam|Mfor fulI »l*e package, charge* paid. WMITTKMORC BROS. * CO., SO*KB Albany Street, Cambridge, Maes Tfu Oldf’i did l.ortt'l ifaouja.mreri of Shot fotuJus in Iks World, CONCEDES SIGHTS OF STATES IN BILL Connecticut Measure Will Also Affect Alabama COOSA IS INVOLVED Measures Will Probably Pass Senate Without Federal Supervision, Save in the Matter of Navigation Gossip in connection with the visit of tiie English financier* to the Birming ham district is to the effect that the Oonecttcut river bill, as drawn by the Secretary of War and the Connecticut River company, has little chance of passing through the .Congress of the United States. This matter is of especial interest to , the people of Alabama, inasmuch as the same principle is involved in both the Connecticut bill and the bill pro- ; viding for the improvement of the Coosa river—yie light of the state to maintain its sovereignty over the streams within the boundary of the state. The Coosa river bill, in which the financiers at present in Alabama are interested, was vetoed by Presi dent Taft because it did not contain a ,clause as a result of which the fed eral government might exact a toll for water power developed. As has been published, the members of the committee cn commerce of the Senate of the nation have made two reports, a so-called majority and a so called minority. To the rninorty re port a majority of the members of the committee have attached their signa tures and have protested against what they term an effort of the government to dispose of the property of the state of Connecticut without the consent of tlie state of Connecticut. The general understanding that the | Connecticut river bill will not pass as originally drawn, but that It wil pass; as will the Coosa river bill, without pro visions making federal supervision, save In matters of navigation, possible, is due to three facts, the majority of the members of the commerce committee are opposed to the bill as it was originally drawn, the Washington Times, an erst while earnest advocate of federal con trol of water power, lias editorially ad mitted that in a technical sense the mi nority report (signed by the majority of the members of the committee! is cor rect, and an amendment offered by Sen ator Jones of Washington, providing tha the bill cannot become effective until with the Secretary of War an agreement is filed bearing the signatures of offi cials of the Connecticut river company and of the authorities of the state of Connecticut in which the proper author ity of the state is recognized and ac knowledgement made of the full author ity of the state to supervise, regulate and control the iates to he charged by the company for the energy developed. The visitors, in discussing the situation, construed this amendment offered by Senator Jones us a very graceful manner in which the opposition has displayed its purpose to surrender and acknowledge in tl)is regard the sovereignty of the state Alabama is especially interested in this congressional battle inasmuch as one of its rivers is also being considered. The fight against the Connecticut bill as It was originally drawn and In behalf 01 j the Coosa bill as vetoed by President [ Taft is being led in the Senate by Sen ator Bankhead and in the House oy Congressman Heflin. Montgomery, February 3.—(Special.)— The state tax commission held its regu lar monthly meeting this afternoon, at | which time only business of a routine nature was taken up. The commission considered a plan of work for the next few months, and discussed assessments in several of the counties of the state in which members of the commission have been engaged for the past few weeks. As announced some time ago, the com mission will probably not. visit any of the larger counties of the state this year, their plan being to make assessments in those counties which they were unable to visit last year. Assessments for the present year have already been taken up In southeast Alabama, west Alabama and some counties in the northern part of the state. Mobile. February 3.—(Special.)—Two j hours were taken up by the grand jury i drawn at noon today in examining wit nesses in the alleged county corruption. Because of Mardi Gras a recess was de clared until Wednesday morning. The grand jury got down to business about 1 o’clock this afternoon and the first wit ness was Engineer Charles Dew, in charge of highways of Mobile county. TO INSPECT STATE PRISON COMMISSION New York, February 3.—Mrs. Ballington Booth of the Volunteers of America left here today for Texas. She goes to that state at the special invitation of Gov ernor Colquitt and the state prison com mission to Inspect prison plantations and farms, as veil as the walled prisons at Rusk and Huntsville. Governor Colquitt and the commission ers will accompany Mrs. Booth on her tour of Inspection At the close of her trip she is to speak to the legislature at Austin. Mrs. Booth also will address public meetings in Houston, Austin, Waco and Balias. WALLACE LEAVES FOR WASHINGTON Montgomery. February 3.—(Special. )~ John H. Wallace, Jr., stale game and fish commisgioner, lias gone to Waahing ton to appear before a committee of the House of Representatives in the interest of the MeLane bill, which provides for federal protection for migratory birds. The Mcl^ane bill passed the Senate some weeks ago, and it, is understood that considerable pressure will be broughr to bear upon the members of the House hav ing th» bill in charge to induce them to act lay ora Wy .upon the measure. "SAKS" Great End-of-Season % All $5 Trousers $2.99 Worsteds or Cheviots in light or dark patterns, cut full peg or straight legs. Broad turn up, plain or cuff bottoms. In the lines are many of the famous Paragon or Duchess Trousers. You will find sizes for stouts or slims, for little or big men, the hard to fit men or men of regular proportion. Bigger, better, broader lines from which to choose than ever shown before. If you want to^ bridge over the season we will help you if you’ll let us show you. AGREEMENT COMPLETED FOR BIG CHINESE LOAN Pekin, February 3.- The loan agree ment between the Chinese government and the six-power group of bankers has been completed and will be signed tomorrow. The agreement provides for "the Chinese government 5^ per cent reor ganization gold loan" to the amount of $126,000,000. It stipulates the pur pose for which the money shall be em ployed, which includes the disbandon htent of the troops and reorganization of Sait Oabelle. The loan is secured on the Oabelle, but. it is also provided that any fu ture surplus in maritime customs shall be utili/.ed for the service of this loan, thus making a portion of the salt rev enue available for other government purposes. The six-power group underlakes to advance $10.000,000 immediately the agreement is signed, another $J0.ft00. 000 later In February. and $15,000,000 in March should 'lie issue of the loan for any unforeneseen cause be delayed. The loan is for 50 years, but the Chinese government has the option of redeeming it at par after six months' notice. There will be no interference in the salt administration while the principal : and Interest are regularly paid, but 1 even in default the Gabelle will be operated by the maritime customs in the interest of the bond holders. The government undertakes not to issue a further government loan with* in six months and to issue no loan se cured on the salt Gabelle without giv ing the six-power group an option. The appointments of J. F. Oiessen of Denmark as Inspector of the Gabelle, and the German. Herr Romp, as su pervisor of the audit department, have been approved. NEGRO CONFESSES TO ATTACKING GIRL Assailant of Greenville Women Is Safe in Montgomery Montgomery, February 3.—(Special.) Green Golston, negro in the county jail, charged with attempting to assault Miss Lizzie Creech, a telephone oper ator at Greenville, confessed to jail afficials that he was Implicated in the crime, according to information given out by the sheriff’s deputies Monday. Golston and Albert Zelgler, colored, were ruslied to Montgomery from Greenville Sunday evening to avoid a mob which, it is said, was determined to lvnch the men If it were proved that they were gul'ty. The negroes were accompanied here by Alabama National Guards and \V. T. Daniels, sheriff or Butler county. It was said Monday thSt Zelgler was not a party to the crime and he will probably lie re teased. Club Meeting Postponed The Nineteenth Century club "HI meet with Mrs. Hardeman Meade. 2014 Thir teenth avenue, south, next Thursday in stead of tomorrow as had been an noimced. _ AMERICAN laundry Member L. N. A. of A. 1722 SECOND AVENUE Did You Ever Wear a Saw Edge Col lar? Read! —If you men will give your Collars to the AMERICAN and have them Moulded - to proper and exact shape with the fold comfortably rolled, instead of ironed to a knife edge, you'll know what collar comfort really is. 9F71 r we have O I ID 2 PHONES O I ID THE GOOD FAMILY, LAUNDRY ' Technical Discrepancies Are Shown in Report to Governor _ Montgomery, February 3.—(Special,)— Technical discrepancies in the accounts of officials of Wilcox county are shown | in a report submitted to Governor O'Neal Monday by Examiner of Public Accounts J. T. Gorman. According to Examiner Gorman’s report, the officials were due the state $203.54, of which $2.92 remains unpaid, and they were due the county nearly $4000, of which $787.15 lias been paid, and $2,921.71 unpaid. Examiner Gorman charged Treasurer W. A. Dexter with $2,560 for tlie payment of alleged illegal warrants issued for th« support of paupers outside the poor house. ■ and with $367.50 for the purchase of an I adding machine. Probate Judge J. V j Stanford was charged w ith $514.90. whim j includes interest, collected for road sor-1 vices in violation of a constitutional sec-1 tion prohibiting an official’s salary from \ being changed during his term. The sal- j ary of prohate judges for road services was increased by the last legislature from i $9o to $400 annually. With reference to the treasurer, the ex-: aminer stated that Wilcox county i»as no poor ho use anil that the county commis sioners adopted the mode of letting con tracts annually for the care of the pau pers. The attorney general holds that the law does not authorize this to be done. Other officials were found more or less correct in their accounts, except as to slight errors, which were promptly cor-1 rected. 900 PAY POLL TAX v IN PICKENS COUNTY Carrollton, February *S. —(Special.)— While this Is an off year, politically, about IKK) have paid their poll tax out of a possible 1000. The Rev. A. R. Metcalfe will fill the pulpit of the Baptist church in this place next Sunday, both morning and evening, with a view of taking up the work in the fields of Carrollton. Piekensville and AlJceviUe. Marshal Tarwater of Reform, who is ever on the elert for violators of the law in his town, landed two negroes Sunday for selling whisky, o CONVICTS CALLED TO FIGHT FIRE Jefferson City, Mo., Februar, 3.—, Convicts from the state* prison were called out today to fight a fire that destroyed the Thomas building, one -»f the largest office buildings In the city. The work of the trained fire fighters from the penitentiary prevented the flames from spreading to adjoining buildings. The Thomas building houses the | Postal Telegrah company, the Wells Kargo Kxpress company and the cor respondents of oui-of-town newspa EDUCATORS GOING State Convention Will Be Held March 20-22—Strong Programme Montgomery, February 3.—(Special.)-* Letters are being sent out by the depart ment of education to the various school teachers of the state advising them that the annual meeting of the Alabama Edu cational association will be held In Mont- . gomery March 20 to 22. 1 Officers of the association are expecting to make the meeting this year the largest In the history of the organization. Tho programme that has been arranged for tdne three days' meeting is considered the most complete and exhaustive that has ever been prepared, and all Indications point, to a successful convention. PASTORS’ UNION MEETS Regret Approaching Departure of th« Rev. U. D. Mooney The Pastors' union met yesterday morning at the First Methodist churcli in their regular monthly meeting. No business of any importance was trans acted as only a few resolutions wero discussed, and Dr. Dickinson preached a sermon on "The Power of Worship to Propitiate for Sin." One of the reso lutions passed was an expression of regret on the part of the Pastors’ union at the approaching departure of the Rev. ['. D Mooney of the Second Pres byterian church, who leaves next week for another pastorate In New Orleans. Dr. Mooney has been an active memhri* of the Pastors' union In the past and all the city pastors yesterday expressed their regret at. Ills going and wished him hearty success In his new Held of endeavor. Meeting to Be Unimportant The commission meeting this morning will be routine. The official body will pa.--.; all important matters until Mr. Exum returns, it Is generally known. However .some routine matters that will attract at tention may be acted upon by Mr. Weath erly anti Juu.ne T^ane. is • so vastly superior "better" is too for describing its u r i t y, richness and mellowness. It b better than better. The grain used, our scientific dis tilling method, the painstaking process of purification and its honest aging no 10 NLhville, Tea, .< WM. WISE OO.