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The Birmingham age-herald. [volume] (Birmingham, Ala.) 1902-1950, February 16, 1913, Image 3

Image and text provided by University of Alabama Libraries, Tuscaloosa, AL

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85038485/1913-02-16/ed-1/seq-3/

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PLAN MEMORIAL TO
ANNISTQNMINISTER
Memory of the Rev. Blaek
loek Will Be Honored
FOWLER WILL APPEAL
>Yas Given 15 Years at Anniston for j
Complicity in Feud Cases—Feel
ing Against Ervin Pope
Subsides
Anniston, February 13.—(Special.)—
Plans have beeen Inaugurated here to
establish a memorial to the Rev. Dr. J.
H. Blacklock, who for 10 years, until
his recent death within a week after
the passing away of his aged wife,
sorvpd as rector of St. Michael and All
Angela* church in this city.
Dr. Blacklock was regarded as one
of the most scholarly men in the Epis
copal church in the south. He was
Scotch by birth and was highly trained,
being educated to hold 4a much better
position from a standpoint of pay, than
that to which he gave his life. St.
Michael’s was built by John W. Noble
of this city at a cost of about $150,000
j and was intended as a church for the
poor, among whom Dr. Blacklock
worked unselfishly. He ^vas revered
j by all classes of people and the move
ment to build a memorial to his life
and work was started by a Presby
terian.
Just what kind of memorial will be
erected has not been decided but It is
probable that it will be something in
connection with the church. A con
siderable sum has already been pledged
for the work.
The authorities of. Blue Mountain
city are still slaying dogs as a re
mit of the attack by a dog believed
to be mad on little Velva Monahan
last Wednesday.
Announcement was made Saturday
that John Fowler, who was convicted
Thursday night of complicity in the
killing of Shelt and Sarge Kennedy,
will appeal his case to the supreme court
of Alabama, he having been sentenced
to serve 15 years in the penitentiary.
An effort will be made to secure his
release again on bond pending the de
cision of the higher court in his case.
The arrest of John Pekrce, a dray
driver, Saturday morning was due to
the fact that the wagon on which he
had loaded a large amount of liquor
was struck by a switch engine which
spilled the whisky, badly bruising the
horses and considerably damaging the
wagon.
Miss Corinne Collins and C. F. Doug
lass, a well known Anniston attorney,
Wretched
Skepticism
Dr. Burkhart Deplores the Unhappy
Condition When a Person Loses
Faith in Himself, His Maker
and Hi6 Friends.
Dr. W. S. Burkhart At He It Today. Owea Hi
Robust Health and Gain of 90 Pounda
to Taking Hia Own Medicine, Aa
Needed, for the Past 25 Veara.
With my Vegetable Compound I have
made believers nut of twelve millions
'of people annually and I cun do the
same for you. my friend.
iMt* only 25 cents at any drug store
you can have a full 30-day treatment
of my remedy for liver and stomach
trouble, constipation, headache and that
sick-all-over feeling. Those yellow
liver spots, pimples, sallow complexion,
that drawn expression of Weary, tired
feeling will all be gone. It only costs
you 25 cents to fully restore your con
fidence. For twenty-five years the
druggists have put out my famous
Vegetable Compound, a 39-day treat
ment, for only 25 cents and they give
you haek the money If you are not sat
isfied. Don't he unhappy another day.
Be sure to ask for and see that you
get Dr. Burkhart's Vegetable Compound.
“As Immaculate
As When You
First Wore It”
Your loveliest wai:-t.
And just see it now.
Wrinkled and such
an ugly spot, right in
front, too.
Entrust it to the E &
W. They know how to
care for it; smooth out
the wi inkles and re
move the stain. It’ll he
new again when it
comes hack from the
Ptjoije 5 230
L. 410 N. 20 St.
MARSHALL TO VOTE
ON BETTER ROADS
| Commissioners Call $130,000
Bond Issue Election—To
Name Date Later
Guntersville, February 15.—(Special.)—
The public roads of Marshall county are
in a deplorable condition, perhaps the
worst they have been for years, in some
places being almost impassable. The cit
izens of the county for the past few’
weeks have been agitating a bond Issue,
which agitation resulted in the board of
commissioners calling the election by
pasing the following resolution:
'"We, the county commissioners of Mar-j
shall county, do hereby resolve to call an
election for the purpose of submitting j
to the voters of Marshall county the
question of whether or not Marshall coun-1
ty shall issue bonds to the amount of
$130,000 for the purpose of building roads
in said county.”
The date has not been set as yet. A
meeting has been called for February 24
for the purpose of fixing the date and
working out the details of construction.
Marshall county made a good show
ing in the number of poll tax receipts
issued for 1912. Thq tax collector’s books
show a total of 3800 paid polls, as against
2000 last year.
Messrs. Clarondon Davis. Walter Jones,
Dr. Wilson and Mr. Cooneny were over
from Huntsville yesterday in the interest
of good roads in Marshall county.
whose engagement was announced a
few days ago, will be married at the
home of the bride on February 25. Mr.
Douglass is a native of Georgia and
his bride-to-be came here from Talla
dega, where she is prominently con
nected.
Feeling which was very intense for
a while against Ervin Pope, the thrice
convicted murderer of J. W. McClurkin,
has considerably subsided, and it is
probable that he will be kept in the
new Calhoun county jail when it is
completed.
COUNTY PRISON AT
CLAYTON FINISHED
Inspector Oates Expected to Arrive
Soon and Receive the
Structure
Kufaula, February 15.—(Special.)—
Work on the county jail at Clayton
has been completed and the structure
made to conform in every respect to
the requirements of the law. Inspector
Oates, at whose hands the work was
ordered, is expected to visit that city
soon to see that the plans and speci
fications have been complied with when
it will at once be utilized.
The Lenten season is being closely
observed by the Catholic and Episcopal
denominations of the city and serv
ices are held at regular intervals
throughout the week. The ladles of the
latter have inaugurated a weekly par
lor sales every Saturday in order to
raise some much needed funds for
church purposes.
Numbers of farmers throughout this
section took advantage of the cold
snap to slaughter hogs and express
the belief that they will have no trou
ble in saving the meat.
The Federation of Women's clubs of
the city held an interesting and im
portant meeting this afternoon and
adopted suitable resolutions looking to
civic improvement. A chairman has
been appointed for each residential
street in the city who will look espe
cially to its cleanliness and beauty
and the co-operation of the street over
seer has been secured.
The Kufaula Rifles are sparing no
time or pains in getting in shape pre
paratory to their annual inspection
which takes place early next month.
The Second regiment band of the city,
under the leadership of their new in
structor, Prof. II. C. Dresser, is also
practicing at regular intervals in or
der to be in readiness for the occa
sion.
SEABOARD TRACKS
OPEN FOR TRAFFIC
Wreckage Near Ragland Cleared
Away and Trains Again Running
on Scheduled Time
Ragland, February 15.—(Special.)—The
wreck on the Seaboard here at 8 o’clock
Thursday night was not c leared for trains
to pass until 4 o'clock this morning. This
blockade of about 34 hours to traffic Is
the worst delay the Seaboard has experi
enced for quite a while. Fortunately no
injuries were received of notice, but the
engine of the local i»assenger train, due
in Birmingham about 8:36 p. m., was de
railed and climbed an almost perpendicu
lar embankment for some distance, and
finally burled the pilot and front part Into
the embankment.
Nellie, the 12-year-old daughter of James
F. Barber of Coal City, died this week,
and it is reported that her death, which
was very sudden, was caused from men
ingitis. This is the first case reported
in this community.
Mr. and Mrs. II. N. Quillan entertained
a number of young and elderly people
at their home last evening at a Valentine
party.
About two-thirds of the required amount
has been subscribed upon the required
amount for the consideration of the cot
ton mills to be located here this spring by
Philadelphia capitalists.
Applicants for the postoffice at this
j place are on the increase, and It is be
coming a guess as to who the success
i ful one will be.
BISHOP W. B. MURRAH
RETURNS FROM CHINA
| Accompanied by Wife, Spent Past Six
Months in Conference Work
in Far East

. Jackson, February 15.—(Special.)—
! Bishop and Mrs. VV. B. Murrah arrived
home yesterday evening from the far
east. The bishop left Jackson last July
for China, Japan and Corea, where he
has been engaged since that time hold
ing the Methodist conferences and preach
ing to the multitudes. Mia Jackson
friends gave the travelers quite an ova
tion or their arrival, the student body
and faculty of Mi 11 saps college being
there to greet and welcome them home.
Bishop Murrah will preach at the Oapl
iol Street Methodist' church Sunday morn
*ing, his subject beitog the (ar-awray lands
he ha» visited, tlteir people and their
customs, religion.11, pte.
I <
EIGHT GOVERNORS OF ALABAMA
i 874—190 J
No. 8—The Campaign of 1874
(Concluded)
Our cotton becomes southern because
in all the world there is nothing like
it; our iron and steel are southern Tor
the same reason. Our statecraft is south
ern because our industrial and social
problems are our own and not another's.
Without our statecraft the model of this
republic would be lost. Abraham Lincoln
was great, chiefly because he foresaw
that the southern states would not be
spared from the federal government with
out the sacrifice of the government, its
utter disintegration and extinction. He
made war to destroy the Confederacy
and to restore, not “reconstruct” the
union. He spurned reconstruction.
The “New South” is not the product of
Red Mountain and General Grant. That
which is “new” with us is normal ad
vance upon the foundations that were laid
In the beginning.
"Know then thyself, presume not
God to scan.
The proper study of mankind is man.”
The south must be southern or hide
its talent. We are a competitor with the
majority section of the unions for in
fluence in the government of both sec
tions. We compete all around the earth
as the south. Not as other peoples and
other nations is our competition forced,
but as southern.
No population Is as ours. Mixed races
In on the western hemisphere to the
south of us are a hindrance to the art-1
\ancing age. We of the south maintain
an interdependence of the purest bred
Anglo Saxon race in the United States
with the lowest race of the genus home
and yet our character remains firm upon
the ancient ideals. Despite the active ef
fort of the government at Washington
for many continuous years and the jeal
ousy of the north and the suspicion of
Europe we have made history illus
trious in our deeds.
We need this, that is wanting—we need
i to know’ that the history of the south *
when written that the world may read
! is necessary to our development of the
power within us. We need the respect
and confidence and companionship of
sister nations. We need to#be known
by the other members of the family
for what w’e are and ever have been, j
Achilles was great, but Alexander said 1
of him: “O, fortunate man; who found
a Homer to sing thy fame.”
The fine enthusiasm and masterful tact
throw’n into the critical situation by
Chairman Bragg at once bore fruit. A
sub-committee denominated the “Central
Committee,” was selected from the state
committee. Messrs. Thomas LL Watts,
IJ. J. Sayre, H. C. Sample and J. B. Be
thea composed it. They were citizens
of Montgomery, w’hose presence might
be readily obtained by a call from the
main office.
Besides the leader, posgibily the most
potential influences of the field work were
the Montgomery Daily Advertiser, the
Mobile Daily Register. the Southern
(Selma) Argus, a weekly, General John
T. Morgan and Colonel John W. A. Sag
ford.
Houston gave most of his attention to
the white counties. General Morgan
opened his campaign at Decatur and im
mediately followed with a speech at sev
eral other points in the same county. His
personal popularity w’as unsurpassed. His
oratory not equalled except by Yancey.
It was an example of lofty patriotism
with him. He had a large family to be
educated and supported, and dependent
wholly upon his labor. He had already
been four years in the war of recent
occurrence, practically without pay. Now’
be closed his law’ office to engage in
filling appointments over a large area,
made for him by the party authority.
He did not desire the reward of office. ,
There was no other compensation possi
ble. The habit of the orator may bo ,
found In this trifling incident; Riding
alone among the hills, he came upon a
building a little off the road, about which
numerous horses, some with men s gau
dies. others with side saddles, were tied
to the trees. The house proved to be a
church and the occasion a “protracted
meeting,” common after crops were “laid
by” in summer. The traveler was on
his way to an appointment. The op
portunity here offered unexpectedly to
mingle with the people and he was a
good “mixer.”
Tyeingr his pony to a limb, the orator
slipped through the open to a hack seat.
While the sermon went on undisturbed, j
The preacher finished and then an elder
rose near the pulpit, saying: “General
I Morgan is in the church and he is in
| vited to move up higher.” The preacher
next exclaimed. “I invite General Mor
gan to take the pulpit and address the
congregation.”
General Morgan took the pulpit without
hesitation. He opened the Bible, that
lay before him, read a text and spoke to
it for an hour. Afterwards he let fall the
remarks: “That was the best speech I
ever made.” Time after time, he en
joyed a joint debate with Governor Par
sons.
W. W. Screws was editor and proprietor
of the Montgomery Advertiser and Rob
ert Tyler was editorial writer. The make
up of the paper was most judicious for
the event and the editorials admirable.
A feature assiduously cultivated was
correspondence on the campaign from all
quarters of the state, contributed by
citizens gratuitously. The letters were
lengthy, describing public meeting and
defining public opinion. They were of
incalculable effect in other communities.
Every meeting became Jealous of re
port in the Advertiser and thus a steady
current of sympathy was maintained be
tween remote localities.
Mr. Forsyth was at his best on the
Mobile Register. He was positive in ex
treme. He was eloquent, polished, incis
ive. He held Mobile compact In the cause
and all through the lower counties and in
the great plan&tatlon region the Regis
ter exerted a powrful effect.
Robert McKee, a young Kentuckian,
came to Selma in 1£66. without friend
or money. He brought reputation as an
editorial writer, for he had held that
position on the Louisville Courier, the
democratic daily of that city. He was
employed for two years on the Selma
dailies.
In 18G8 lie set up the Southern Argus,
a small weekly. He owned no type or
office fixtures. A job printer turned out
the paper. The editor’s “office” was a
scanty space, cut off by boards, In the
second story of Robertson’s drug store.
Ills desk was a dry goods box nailed to
the wall. His bed, a cot, sat In the “of%
flee.”
By 1S74 Colonel McKee had become
known in every part of Alabama as a
newspaper editorial writer without a su
perior. Into the pending campaign he
entered h1s paper, now well grown, with
startling energy and dauntless audacity.
He was specially effective in the whit®
counties. Kvery political leader in the
black belt waited for the weekly coming
of the Argus. Fifteen years before Rd
ward C. Bullock had edited the Kufaula
“Spirit of tlie Times" and the two week
lies stand, in the annals of the Alabama
newspaper press par nobile fratruin.
The county newspapers were all prac
tically for white supremacy and were
vigorously edited. The bar of the state
was practically converted into orators on
the stump for white supremacy.
It was the policy of Chairman Bragg
to agitate to the limit of his resources.
Thus the county meetings were frequent.
Barbecues and orators to speak there
were a favorite device with him. In
dividual contributions to the campaign ex
penses were general. Some pecuniary
help was received from New York, where
state bonds were held, (Fleming) Bragg
estimated the negro element of the repub
lican party in Alabama that would parti
cipate in the election at 72,000 and the
white republicans at 7000. It was hi?
policy to encourage neighborhood and
club organizations. For example, the
“Clanton Club” was atpong the smaller
organizations of thec^fy of Montgomery.
Ad'ertisei- appeared this notice:
The members of the ('Ianton "Demooratio
and Conservation club will meet at th.
theatre on Monday, September 21, to
receive a banner, the girt of Mrs James
H. Clanton," (widow of the loader..
At Athens, Limestone county, on Au
gust L, a barbecue was given, a spe
cial Invitation was sent to every demo
cratic editor in the state. Mr. Houston
and several eminent leaders spoke
At Blount Springs 10 .lays later, a mem
orable barbecue was given. The men ol
the mountains for many miles gathered
Special railroad rates were offered and
citizens from Montgomery. Selma and
Intervening points came. Morgan. Brooks.
Herndon, and other famous speakers
addressed the crowd.
There was a great meeting In Jefferson
county, attended by all parties. Many
republicans had sprung up there, even
from the ranks of the Confederate Vet
erans. When the orators explained Sen
ator Morton's avowal that "the civil
rights bill was the principle of the re
publican party,” and when the news
spread that Justices Saif old and Peters
had committed the state to miscegena
tion, Jefferson county turned democratic
without delay.
The remainder of the ticket of the
democratic conservative party to lie voted
at the November election was: Cor the
supreme court, R. C. Brickell, T. .1. Judge
and A. R. Manning; for representatives in
Congress for the state at large, B. B.
I. ewis and General W. H. Kornev There
were six Congressional districts. The
democrats won four, namely, Jere N.
Williams of Barbour, Tor the Second;
John H. Caldwell of Calhoun, for the
Fifth; Taul Bradford of Talladega, for
the Third and Goldsmith W. Hewett of
Jefferson, for the Sixth. Jere Haralson,
negro of Selma, won the Mobile district
and Charles Hays, scalawag, defeated the
accomplished gentleman and scholar.
James Taylor Jones, in the Fourth or
Tuscaloosa district.
Joseph H. Sloss had been twice elected
to Congress by the democrats over the
radicals. In this most extraordinary
emergency ho ran as an Independent
against the democratic nominee. Govern
or Lewis spoke on the stump for him and
he received the radical vote. In ids last
term of office he voted fur what was
familiarly known as the "salary grab,”
that Is a raise of salary from giono to tTSOO.
The hill became law. Public opinion so
remonstrated that some of the benefi
ciaries restored tho increase, but Sloss
kept his and the fact was against him at
home.
Bragg directed tho campaign generally,
regardless of the lino between federal of
fice-seekers or state or county.
A few weeks before the election Mr.
Houston went to Marlon, Perry county,
to speak. On the train out from Selma,
he remarked casually to a sympathetic
listener, *'I really believe I will he elect
ed:" The remark was uttered in the tono
of a recent discovery. He was by no
means perfectly confident until while
waiting for news from the pods at a
private residence In Montgomery lie was
assured late at night that Tallapoosa, a
white county, had given hint a majority.
Houston led the ticket, receiving 107.118
votes to 93,928 for Lewis. His vote In the
wmte counties was orten more than
double that of his competitor. Jefferson
gave him 2228 to 8*50 for Lewis. Franklin
884 to 349 for I^wis, Etowah 1404 to 315.
In the black belt Lewis ran far ahead.
Dallas gave him 6819 to 1853 for Houston,
Greene 3139 to 864, Hale 3489 to 1185, “the
dark and bloody ground.” .Sumter gave
Lewi a 3306 and Houston 1690.
It is interesting to observe with what
spontaneous ardor the former non-slave
holding counties, or counties where com
paratively few slaves were found, rallied
to the cry of “white supremacy.*’ We dis
cover the feeling dominant by comparing
the vote cast for the democratic nomi
nee. Herndon. 1n 1872. and the vote cast
in the same counties two years later for
Houston, when the issue was more plain
ly drawn. Gherokee gave Herndon 12G0
votes and Houston 1909; DeKalb gave
Herndon 745 to 1404 for Houston; Jackson
681 to 2815; Marshall 638 to 1364; Blount
575 to 1593; Jefferson 1215 to 2228.
The negro vote in the old plantation
counties was consistent in 1874, with the
support it brought to Lewis in his first
campaign of two years before. The pres
ence of troops known to have been sent
by President Grant in their interest very
naturally had the desired effect. If has
been written in praise of the negro slaves
of their fidelity in the wartime. The freed
men In reconstruction time deserve even
more praise in that they refused to go
— - —-— - - . 1 1 * —— III ■■
How Can the People Decide
Which Medicine is Best?
S. II. HAM I'M A A, »l. It.,
C'ulumtMiN. Ohio.
One of my readers writes me in pari
as follows. lie says:
‘“I like your idea as expressed in your
Inst article as to how we may become
sure we are right In matters of religion
and medicine. Experience is our only
guide. Now ns to the best way of get
tng this experience, you did not give any
leflnlte instruction. Take my case for
Instance, i am a man of family. And
while we try to live properly, yet we are
subject to disease and derangements like
other people. Occasionally we have to
i se drugs. What, would you advise?'’
My reply, in part, was as follows:
Let us suppose it was a cough, or a
common cold, or a hoarseness, or a pain
in the chest or a twinge of rheuma
tism, or a stoppage of the nose and dis
charge from the throat, indicating ca
tarrh.
What you are after is. first, to cure
\ ourself of your trouble: and. second,
to gain experience so that you may cure
\ ourself next time, if you or any momber
»f your family should he so afflicted.
If you go to the drug store you buy
l'eruna. if It cures you then you know
what to get next time, if it does not cure
vou it proves to be worthless, you know
what to avoid.
In taking advertised medicines that
have a definite name you are gradually
’earning to distinguish between those
emedles that help and those that do not.
If a neighbor in whom I have coni'l
ieneo should tell me that they have pur
hased a bottle of some advertised medi
cine that helped them. rl should feel per
fectly free to give tlio medicine a trial.
And If I found that the advertised medi
cine cured me I should not. hesitate to
tell my neighbors about it. T should not
hesitate to have my name published,
either, as testifying to the merits of such
a medicine. Nothing short of this would
be justice. Nothing less than this would
be honest.
The prejudice against advertised medi
cines nuiy have had some foundation in
the past. But up to data I can conscien
tiously say that there are Just as good
medicines in the drug store., compounded
in a manufactory, advertised for sale to
the people, just as good medicines of
this kind as the medicines that the doc
tors prescribe.
All our best remedies have been first
found by common experience. The tes
timony of one person and another has
spread the news and finally its use has
become general.
This is exactly the way Peruna has
spread among the people. It has nob
been advertising that has sold Peruna.
Sometimes advertising sells the first
bottle to a person, but afterwards It
must be the merits of Peruna that
sell it.
One person takes Peruna and is cured
of n cough, or cold, or catarrh, lung dis
ease, or kidney disease, or stomach dis
ease. Some one of those derangements
which perhaps the doctors have failed to
cure, Peruna relieves. He tells his neigh
bor about it. His neighbor tries it for
the same purpose and is cured al«o. He
again tells it. and so the news is spread.
Yes, I mean to put myself on record,
as saying it from the experience of the
common people that, we must expect to
sift out the genuine remedies from the
many spurious ones claiming attention.
As a doctor myself, who has spent
many years iu the study and practice of
medicine, 1 say and shall say again many
times that Peruna is the best, remedy C
know of to meet the common, every-day
climatic ailments to which the household
Is subject. And if I were keeping house
as you are, trying to keep free from debt
and disease. I should certainly keep a
bottle of Peruna in the house all the
time. No. KJ.
ii . ■ ..
to the extremity of turbulence to which
the Washington government urged them.
News of the white man's success in the
election was followed by enthusiastic
demonstrations of joy. The streets and
buildings of the cities and in some cases
even the villages were Illuminated, w hile
torchlight processions marched through
them. A newspaper correspondent pro
posed to the cotton planters to organise
by neighborhoods and give grand bar
becues to the negroes to reassure them
the change in the party government of
the state meant no harm to them. I lived
then in the heart of the black licit and
had daily contact with large numbers of
negroes. My impression was they were
well pleased that a dispute to which they
were an enforced party had been re
moved from their consideration.
The Montgomery Advertiser published
a list of 84 names of negroes of the city
of Montgomery who had voted the dem
ocratic ticket at that place. In the coun
try heats not the half of 1 per cent of
the voters of the race cast a ballot for
that ticket. In Greene county at least
two negroes who voted the democratic
ticket were murdered because of the act
by other negroes.
Chairman Hragg issued a congratula
tory order notable In Its Arm and tem
perate language. Referring to t lie pledges
of his party, upon which the election
was won, ami the duties thus imposed
upon all citizens who helped In the vic
tory, he wrote: "These duties require of
us that justice shall be administered ac
cording to the laws of the land; that the
rights of all the people of Alabama, both
of person and property, shall he pre
served Inviolate; that there shall be no
oppression of any class or raco of men;
that the credit and good name of this
state must be restored; that mutual con
fidence and good will shall be cultivated
among the various interests of the state.
Yielding a cheerful obedience to the laws
of the rolled .Slates and bearing prompt
ly our share or the burdens of the general
government, whether In war or in peace,
we will cultivate such sentiments toward
the citizens of other states of our great
union who on business may come Into
our midst, that they may receive a
hearty welcome at. our hands, due to
brethren of the same great household,
without regard to differences of political
opinion."
The history of this campaign contains
the gist of the political motive of the
era it. was a rice collision forced upon
the state from without.
It must he borne in mind that the
white men of the slate In sovereign con
vention made a new constitution within
six months after Appomattox anil that
constitution emancipated all slaves in
the state 90 days prior to the adoption
of the Thirteenth amendment to the fed
eral constitution. The new constitution
of Alabama BpeclAeally provided every
right of person and property enjoyed by
whites to the freedmen. It placed them
on the exact political footing of white
women and white minors.
Two years after the fall of the Con
fedetacy Congress, or the fraction of it
sitting at Washington, having discovered
that the conquest of the southern armies
in the field did not mean the subjugation
of paroled soldiers and that the south
ern citizens had not lost their attach
ment to constitutional liberty, enfran
chised the negroes, hoping that by their
suffrages and the help of profligate whites,
the coveted end might be attained to.
General Clanton resolved to test the
feeling of the negroes. As leader of the
only white man's organization then exist
ing In the state, he called a convention
of county delegates to meet at Mont
gomery in September before the October
day, the first day upon which Major
General Pope had ordered out the ne
groes to cast their first vote.
Clanton had arranged to get 14 select
negroes sent from the black belt as dele
gates to the convention. He himself was
made chairman of the hotly and in that
capacity he placed ono negro on the com
mittee on resolutions.
The project to introduce the negro into
the white man’s party failed In the con
vention. The leader of the oposltion was j
tlie famous whig orator. Joseph W. Tay
lor of Eutaw, supported mainly by Rob
ert McKee, the editor. Before leaving
Montgomery for their homes, all of the
negro delegates joined the Union league
of Montgomery, a political association of
the most virulent type, where negroes
only were admitted.
If General Clanton had succeeded in his
experiment the whites must have made
two parties in tlie state instead of one.
Each party division, at least for a time,
would have sought the support of the
freedmen at the ballot, box. Speculation
stands in utter confusion in the presence
of such a situation. Vile as the carpet
bagger was in his day of power, he held
the negro awrfy from the embrace of the
white man’s political affinities until, by
the results of the elections of 1874, the
initiative of the constitution of 1901 was
firmly laid and the negro vote eliminated.
The result of the election in Alabama
was tolerated by the republican party at
the north and no attempt was made by
the radicals in the state, as two years
before, to retain possession of the state
government.
In South Carolina. Chamberlain, carpet
bagger, was elected governor and a ne
gro lientenunt governor, but Chamber
lain was a decided improvement on Moses,
scalawag, who went out, and to that ex
tent there was gain.
In Eoulsiana the election was followed
by open revolt and desperate battle and
much bloodshed on the streets of New Or
leans in which Gen. James Eongstreet
commanded a body of insurrectionists.
In Mississippi bloody outbreaks of the
negroes occurred early in December. On
the seventh day of that month, early in
the morning, reports reached Vicksburg
of columns of armed negroes marching
upon the city with desperate purpose. The
citizens immediately armed themselves
and organized companies. The compa
nies marched out to meet the hostile col
umns. One body of city troops met 200
negroes on Grove street, just outside the
corporate limits, and dispersed them; on
the Jackson road, near the city, the ne
groes were found entrenched in the war
time breastworks. The citizens attacked
and routed them. While the two tights
were on three companies of citizens met
250 armed negroes on Cherry street, at
tacked and routed them. Hy noon quiet
was restored. Three whites were killed
and the same number wounded. Seventy
flve negroes were laid hors d'eombat and
about half that number captured*
General Adelbert Ames of New England
was governor. The Insurrection was po
litical.
The north hail become alarmed at tho
usurpations and corruptions of General
Grant’s administration. At the Novem
ber elections 20 states chose democrats
for governor, while 15 chose republicans.
Twenty-one democratic legislatures wrero
elected to 13 republican.
JOHN WITHERSPOON DT7B06B.
Commissioners Appropriate
$4000 for Improvement
of Highways
Hamilton, February 15.—(Special.)—The
Morion county commissioners have gone
on record as favoring the working of
its convi.-ts on the public roads of the
county. During their session this week
they passed a resolution authorizing the
placing of all future county convicts on
the roads of the county.
The sentiment *n the county is wholly
in favor of taking convicts out of the
coal mines and placing them on the roads.
The county is making great progress la
road building cotniderhig the fact that
till.*": is the second year that It has been
engaged hi the work. The rike road from
Ouin will roon be completed arid there
has been appropriated the rum of $400b
out of the general funds 1n addition to
a Hpeciul ruad tax for road improve
ment.
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