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The Birmingham age-herald. [volume] (Birmingham, Ala.) 1902-1950, February 17, 1913, Image 4

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THE AGE-HERALD
E. W. BABRKTT.Editor
Entered at Hie Birmingham. Ala., j
postoffico as second clasB mallur uuilcr
act o£ Coi-gri-ss March U. is7J.
Bally and Sunday Age-Herald-*8®“ |
Baily and Sunday, per month.... • |
Bally and Sunday, tnrce months.. » ,
Sunday Age-Herald . *
Weekly Age-Herald, per annum.. •"»»
subscription puyable In advance. •
Z. E. Morgan and YV. Q. V'liurton are
tbe only authorised traveling repre
ac.itatlves of The Age-Herald in u»
cjrcuiati.Mi department.
No communication will be PhbJislJ““ ]
without Us author's name. Rejected
manuscript will not be returned unlesa ,
.lamps are enclosed for that purpose. |
Remittances can be made at
rale of exchange. The Age-Herald wUl
not be responsible for money
through the mails. Address,
THE AGE-llEKALU.
Birmingham, Ala.
Washington bureau. 21)7 Hlbbs bulld
European bureau, 5 Henrietta .tree,,
Covent Garden, London.
Eastern business office, Rooms 43 to
bll. Inclusive, Tribune building, rvew
York city; western business ofliee,
Tribune building. Chicago. Tha 8. «
Beckwith Special Agency, agents w
tign advertising'.
TELEPHONES
Bell (private rgehaage «o«nectl»*
ilryNiluifUiais N’o. -IlMMfi
Sir* l» delay
Mr w«s<c »ur llskl" In »nlu, like l«mi>"
liy day.
Romeo and Juliet.
Lincoln’s Statue in a Greek Temple
The joint resolution has been
signed by the President and has be
come a law, and a memorial to Abra
ham Lincoln costing *2,000,000 is to
be erected ill the park back of the
White House not far from the Wash
ington monument. There will be few
eostlier monuments in the world than
this, and public sentiment fully sus
tains the expenditure.
Objection has been made in some
quarters to the use of a Greek tem
\>*2 in connection with the rugged fig
ure of Abraham Lincoln. He knew
perhaps no Greek, but it is not true
to say that he lacked culture. He was
born in a log house in Kentucky, and
his culture was self acquired, but it
was none the less real and valuable.
No man has ever filled the presiden
tial office who was his equal in de
bate or in general learning. The out
cry over the use of a Greek temple
is uncalled for. Abraham Lincoln’s
statue in a Greek temple is no more
out of place than the statue of any
other American would be. Greek ar-1
ehitecture belongs now to the world
and the United States will not misap
ply it when it and the statue in it be
come one of the shrines of the nation.
Southern Mineral Industry
Among the valuable features of the
last issue of the Baltimore Manu
facturers* Record is a paper by Rd
ward W . Parker of the United States
geological survey, covering three
pages on the "Mineral Industries of
the Southern States, Geographically
Distributed." It is not only a valu
able contribution but the information
presented is set forth m readable
style.
Mr. Parker begins by saying that
a somewhat significant fact touching
the statistical mineral production in
DjU is that. “Whereas, the total out
put of the entire country showed a
marked falling off when compared
with 1910, that of the lti common
wealths embraced in the group of
southern states showed a substantial
increase."
The total value of the mineral pro
duction of the United States was
$1,677,411,459, against $1,719,484,256
in 1910. Hut the production of the 16
southern states increased from $333,
528,428 in 1910 to $344,511,104 in
1911, a gain of $10,982,676, or a little
over 3 per cent. Under the head of
Alabama, Mr. Parker says that, as
Pittsburg, Pa„ is the Birmingham of
the western hemisphere, so is Bir
mingham, Ala., the Pittsburg of the
Southern states.
“The occurrence of iron ores, coking
coals and limestones in close proximi
ty in the vicinity of Birmingham,” he
says, "enables that district to produce
iron at less cost than any other re
gion in the world. It has followed,
therefore, that in years of depression
in the iron trade, as in 1911, the ill
effects are exhibited less in Alabama
than in other iron making sections of
the country, while in years of plenty
Alabama benefits nearly as much as
other states. In 1911, for instance,
the total percentage of decrease from
1910 in the production of iron ores for
the United States was 27.95, while
.Alabama’s output decreased 17.61 per
cent. The value of the iron ores pro
duced in the United States in 1911
was 38.59 per cent 16ss than in 1910;
the value of Alabama’s ores fell off
scarcely half as much in proportion,
yr 19.85 per cent. In 1910, on the
^other hand, the total increase in the
production of iron ores was 11.21 per
cent, and Alabama gained 11.11 per
cent, while the percentages of in
crease in value were, respectively,
27.98 and 21.76. Alabama ranks third
among the states in the production of
iron ores, and fifth in the manufac
ture of pig iron, but it must be re
membered that the two states, Minne
sota and Michigan, which lead Ala
bama in the production of iron ores,
are relatively unimportant in the
manufacture of iron, while three of
the states, Pennsylvania, Ohio and Illi
nois, which exceed it in the quantity
and value of pig iron produced, obtain
their ores from the Lake Superior re
gion, while. New York secures at least
half of its ores from the same source.
As a producer of iron ore for home
consumption and as a manufacturer
of pig iron from its own ores, Ala
bama stands alone.”
In coal production Alabama ranks
fifth among all the states and second
in the southern group, West Virginia
being first. This state has been mak
ing steady gains in coal output and
last year it made a new high record.
It will make another new high record
this year. Year by year Alabama
coal is finding it's way to new mar
kets. Much of the coal mined in Ala
bama is found superior for steam pur
poses to any coal in this country and
it will be only a question of a few
years when its annual output will
reach 30,0(10,000 tons.
More Cabinet Ministers
There are now nine cabinet officers,
and there will be more as time runs
on and the country continues to ex
pand. Washington got along comfort
ably with four, but he was President
of a scattered people numbering not
much more than three millions. A
change to ninety millions of people in
volves increases in the cabinet.
The tenth member of the cabinet
will no doubt be a Secretary of Labor.
The present department of commerce
and labor will be called the depart
ment of commerce, and the new de
partment of labor will look after the
interests of both organized and inde
pendent labor. Beth parties are com
mitted to the establishment of this
new department, and it will soon be
come fact.
A department of public health is
also urged, and a Secretary of Health
is easily a possibility during the com
ing administration. This would in
crease the cabinet officers to eleven,
and that many executive officers can
readily find enough to do in this broad
and busy country. A cabinet officer
should be a man who can handle and
dispatch business. This is better even
than political training, although the
two qualities are sometimes found
united in one brain. Theoretically in
our government the President is sup
posed to be the political chieftain,
while the cabinet officers are kept
busy in the performance of executive
duties.

In the Great Culebra Cut ' !
Three millions of eubic yards of i
earth and rock are said to be sliding j
into the big cut at Culebra, but this
fact does not discourage the canal
builders of today. All told 16,071,000
of “slides” have been taken out of the
canal bed, and an addition of three
millions of yards is not considered
serious.
Some of the slides are merely
gravity affairs, and some are really
structural breaks and deformations.
The latter often causes the bed of the
canal to rise. They are started far
from the canal and they fill the ca
nal because there is no resistance
there to the new forces of displace
ment.
In either case there is nothing to
do except to excavate and haul away
the mass of material until the slide
comes to a rest. The geologist of the
canal commission, D. I-’. McDonald,
says the period of sliding will come
to an end, even where the rocks are
very weak, when the slopes of the
cut reach a flat enough angle. No,
serious problems in excavation are
apprehended.
Colonel Goethuls still expects to
send some craft through the canal
next October, and he proposes to
take the material that slides in after
that time by means of dredges.
Corn, Cattle and Cotton
Slowly but surely the south is be
coming a corn growing section. The
corn boys and the farm demonstrators
are revolutionizing agricultural meth
ods in the south. Corn can be grown
here in great abundance. The climate,
j the rainfall and the soil all favor a
great production of corn in the south.
When the cultivation of corn is well
established the raising of cattle will
naturally follow. They can graze on
the untilled acres of the south, and
then in the fall and winter the corn
will be at hand to fatten them for the
market.
The addition of corn and cattle to
the productions of the south will not
and need not lessen the production of
cotton. The three should become the
standard productions of the south—
corn, cuttle and cotton. The world
wants all three, and each year it will
I want increasing quantities. The con
sumption of corn is spreading rapidly
over the-world, and it is today as good
a cash crop as cotton. The three
crops are wanted throughout the
world, and the south should endeavor
to produce all three.
Ambassador Irishman is a big: specu
lator on Wall street* and his brokers have
sued hint lor a balance of 170*010. Jlis
dealings ha\e been heavy and they do not
seem to liave resultejJ in large protits.
j Tlie Florida Times-L'nion, which has
j been recognized for many years as one
| of the best papers in the south, issued a
few- days ago its "Florida Progress Edi
tion." Its well written stories setting
forth Florida’s resources and development
are illuminating and its advertising col
umns bristle with prosperity. It is a.
great edition and is deserving of an ex
ceptionally wide circulation.
The secret service squad of the Presi
dent-elect has been doubled. It now con
sists of four men. They have built a lit
tle frame shack on a vacant lot directly
acioss the street from Governor Wilson's
bungalow. I\con tains a stove and chairs.
As the Wilson home is an open space, it
would be impossible for anyone to ap
pioach the house without being seen from
the shack.
The Shuberts and Klaw & Erlanger have
come to an agreement induced thereto by
the demoralization of stage business.
There will be no practical change hi. the
attractions at the theatres, except that
competition between the playhouses will
be conilned to attractions of different
characters.
Charles Major, who wrote "When
Knighthood^ Was in Flower,'* and other
best sellers, is elead from cancer of the
liver. He was born in Indianapolis. His
very first novel was a best seller and so
were all that followed. He was 37 years
old.
Bast year the Pirates were the first to
start on the spring training trip. The
Chicago Cubs lead off this year, going to
Tampa. They are getting more than a
week’s start on the other teams in the
Natlonal*league.
One hundred thousand acres of pine
lands near St. Andrew’s Bay, Fla., have
been sold. The consideration was $1,200,
000. Edward Hines and associates paid
$1,000,000 for 40,000 acres on Pearl river,
Mississippi.
New York is to pension George Pllson,
the only survivor of John Brown s raid
ing party. Pllson has been a sanitary in
spector in Yonkers 50 years.
Vincent Astor may become a farmer, but
doubts are expressed as to whether lie
will wear cowhide boots, chew a straw
and say “By Heck."
The shiek-ul-Islam is not getting up a
notable crusade in favor of a holy war.
Holy wars seem to have gone out of fash
ion.
Automobile making is making Detroit
rich/ Poverty has been decreased there
40 per cent in the last four years.
The commission form of government is
last becoming a erase. Denver and Nash
ville are the latest recruits.
Every day is a. holiday in Mexico City,
and all the banks, business houses and
the postoffice are closed.
The people of Mexico City are nut at
present complaining that their street car
service Is inadequate.
Not a few of our sainted colonial an
I castors would have been shut out by the
| literacy test. * •
Only 11,000,000 telephones in the t’nited
States—ona to every 10 people, babies In
j eluded.
j West Virginia is trying to outdo tlli
I nols in bribery cases and corruption gen
erally.
Constantinople is at any rate better off
than Mexico City. That is some conso
lation. t
The full official family of a President
now consists of nine cabinet ministers and
a cow.
No doubt the colonel was dee-lighted
when lie secured in Dr. Derby a son-in
la w.
When the President-elect has nothing to
say he says nothing.
Accordeon pleated trousers for men are
a possibility.
GOTHAM’S FIRST SODA DISPEXSER
From the Pharmaceutical Era.
The first soda dispenser in New York
c ity was an .aged negro, Ben Austen, bet
ter known as “Old Ben,” who was born
a slave on the plantation of a Mr. Austen
in North Carolina. He was given Ids
freedom at his master’s death anil came
t) New York and was married in 1830. In
183s he had his first experience in the
soda water business with John Matthews.
The elder Matthews at that time was es
tablished at 55 Gold street, where he man
ufactured soda water apparatus. Soon
afterward he undertook to make soda
water with a wooden generator, a gaso
meter and a pump. The gas passed from
tha generator into the gasometer and w^s
thence pumped to the fountain. Two or
three gasometerfuls was the fountain
charge, and “old Ben's” thumb applied
to the fountain cock was safety valve
and pressure gauge alike. If the thumb
cold hold its own against the pressure,
more gas was pumped into tlie fountain;
if the thumb was forced from the open
cock, it was decided that the pressure was
at least 150 pounds, and the fountain was
deemed charged.
“Old Ben” used to supply the city cus
tomers. and he began in 3S39 the delivery
of soda water to the Matthews clients.
As his business grew, an engine was
installed and “Old Ben” was made the
fireman. latter he was again promoted
and put into the machine shop, where he
used to assemble iron fountains and coat
the inside with paraffin. There is no
dcubt that John Matthews obtained his
idea of the pressure gauge and safety
cap for generators from “Old Ben’s”
thumb, hence the space devoted to this
j ex-slave.
j Such were the first uncertain steps of
j this, typical American “infant industry.”
ltr.l'I.I.rTIONS OF A D.UHELOn
From the New York Press.
A girl gets an Education out of her
own wits; a boy out of somebody else’s.
What give** a woman so much patience
is for her husband not to have any
at all.
! The one thing a liar always seems to
, be surest of is that you’ll never think
1 he is.
| Maybe in the next world a woman won't
j have to help a man on with his wings in
tie morning because he’s late starting for
business.
One thing that makes a man feel so
sorry for his wife's lack of intelligence
is how she ran never seem to appreciate
the perfect way he shaves himself.
IN HOTEL LOBBIES
RimlnrM t ntiMunlly Active
"The prosperity which was In Evidence
| last summer and last fall continues, ’ said
I‘L H. Henderson of Chicago.
‘‘Soon after the presidential election
several of my business acquaintances
talked pessimistically and predicted that
prosperity would be retarded for some
months at least. But In my 10 years’ ex
perience as a manufacturer I have never
known business at this time of the year
to be more satisfactory. It is in fact un
usually active. The entire country seems
to be thriving. I do not know of a single
line of business that is sluggish.
"I did not vote the democratic ticket
but 1 am inclined to think that Mr. Wil
son will make a good President. Whether
he does or not make* a fine record, busi
ness, in my opinion, will continue good
throughout the year, and if we have big
crops, again next summer prosperity will |
reach high water mark."5
Fry or on I lie Monroe Doctrine
“Judge Roger A. Pryor, a native of
Virginia, but since ISM a member of the
New York city bar, has been little in the
public prints of late, but he is still
practicing hie profession although nearly
85 years of age.” said a member of Bir
mingham's Virginia colony.
“J met Judge Pryor frequently while
he was a justice of the supreme court
of New' York state. He gained great dis
tinction asa Just and upright judge, and,
although he was a Tammany democrat,
he was never a machine politician. ^ it’
ginia has produced few greater juriscon
sults than Judge Pryor.
"In the New York Sun of last Saturday
appeared a letter to the editor under
Judge Pryor’s signature, and as it is of
timely interest, it will be well to reproduce
it. It is as follows:
“ ‘Since so able a publicist as Mr. Cou
dert Invokes the Monroe doctrine as au
thority for intervention by the United
Slates to suppress the present broil in
Mexico, it is time to determine the con
struction of that famous manifesto.
“ 'The true meaning of the Monroe doc
trine la thus stated by President Cleve
land in his memorable message on Ven
ezuela: "The traditional and established
policy of this government is to oppose
forcible increase by any European power
^f its territorial possessions on this con
tinent.” Or, as given in substantially iden
tical but more explicit terms by Secretary
Olney: "The vital feature of the Monroe
doctrine is that no European power shall
forcibly possess itself of American soil I
and forcibly control the political fortunes
and destinies of its people.”
” ‘For an illustration of the true mean
ing and intent of the Monroe doctrine we
recall the action of our government in
defeating the armed attempt by Louis
Napoleon to impose a monarchy on the
people of Mexico:
” ‘Obviously no such case is presented
by the controversy between Madero and
Diaz.’ ”
( laNHlcHl 'luxir l(«*li«*nr*nl
"To be a leader of men Is a very rare
quality, and few men rank higher In the
possession of that quality than does Philip
Memoli, concert conductor,” said F. I.
Monks last night. "To bring order out 4iT
the elements of chaos is a no more won
derful thing than to bring harmony out of
the elements of discord, ami this is what
the musical conductor has to do ami
does.
‘‘No person who has not been present
at a rehearsal where 40 musical instru
ments are sounding at the same time
can form any idea of the amount of skill,
knowledge and tact required on the part
of the conductor. Fnder the magic of his
wand no brook could purl more gently,
no storm rage more furiously; no child!
laugh more merrily; no wretch moan
more miserably. Such is the power of
music*
"Birmingham is generally spoken ol and
is even considered by many of its citi
zens as being devoted only to the coal
ami iron business, but in it there is a
musical element that promises very soon
to give the people a treat which will be
equally as much a surprise as a pleasure.
Open air concerts are suitable only for
summer weather, but in all big cities the
high class concert is as much of a winter
amusement as in summer. The stj-ie of
music rendered at the indoor concert is
generally on a far higher plane and coin
i bines the Instructive as well as the en
tertaining features.
"Tills Sunday afternoon I had the pleas
ure. of being present at a rehearsal of
wl.at I considered really high class music,
and I'm sure that when the people of
Birmingham are afforded the opportunity
one of. these days of hearing a highly
| trained concert band perform such com
I positions as the ‘William Tell' overture
land scenes from Bolto's ‘Mefistofele,’
| they will not let the chance go by un
I heeded.”
The Form llovriufut
"Among the Interesting reports sub
mitted ai the annual meeting of the
Chamber of Commerce Friday night, was
that read by K. M. Tutwller. Jr., for the
farm committee,* said a business man.
"Not much had been said reccntlc
about the farm movement inaugurated by
the chamber two years ago, and I was
thinking that perhaps it had been
dropped. Hut Uie report was most en
couraging. It showed that the committee
was wide awake and was doing success
ful work. The object of Hie movement
is to advertise the Birmingham district
as an especially inviting field for the
truck farmer and to induce home seekers
lot* trucking experience to settle in Jef
ferson county.
"The soil of tiiis section is admirably I
adapted to the cultivation of vegetables,
and the market is here. As a result of
the efforts of the Chamber of Commerce
farm committee, many truck farmers 1
have bought jo or 30 acre tracts within a
radius of to miles of Birmingham and are
prospering. There are now about 2C0
truckers in Jefferson county, but there is
room for several thousand.'*
The Mock lliirkct
Henry Clews In his Saturday review
starts out by alluding to the outbreak in
Mexico as having a disappointing and dis
couraging effect on tlte stock market, lie
points out other elements of weakness in
speculative interests. Regarding general
business tlte review says in part:
•'There has been some dlmlnuitlon In the
volume of orders for the steel trade, al
though January deliveries were upon a
very heavy scale. A fair business is be
ing done in the textile industries, the
mills generally being well employed, and
the tariff scare has largely abated; it'be
ing understood that i>o very radical
changes will occur and that the new tarin
v ill very largely run on the lines advo
cated by Mr. Cnderwood a year ago. A
feature in the situation that will bear
watching is the copper market, and its
effect upon an important group of securi
ties.
"As tu tlte immediate future' of the
market*, the outlook is still confusing.
Technically it if in fairly good position,
because ther eis no extended long interest.
and any expansion of the short interest
will provide an element of support in eas-e
of any further decline. Just at present
the leaders in Wall street are lacking in
itiative. They are discouraged somewhat
by the popular attitude toward nearly all
financial bodies, which is further excm
j plifled by the present agitation against
I the stock exchange and the effort to cor.i
; pel its incorporation. There is nothing in
j fundamental ••onditions to induce lower
I prices for stocks, since the volume cf
j trade is large, as proved by current re
ports of bank clearings and railroad earn
ings, while the west is still enjoying ex
ceptional activity as a result of last
year’s harvest.”
President n 11 non m »ecm»ry
“In the absence of an authoritative an- j
nouncement of the cabinet, Mr. Tumulty,
who has been gazetted as secretary to
j the President, has had much publicity,”
said J. Tj. Wightman of New York.
“It my memory serves me right, the
public was not informed as to who would
be secretary to the President under for
mer administrations until a day or so be
fore the inauguration, but President-elect
Wilson announced Mr. Tumulty's apr»olnt
ment a week or two &go. This gentleman
was for a time private secretary to Gov
ernor Wilson and is now' clerk of the New
Jersey supreme court. As Harpers
Weekly says, ‘The new position is re
garded by many as on a plane with a
cabinet office.’
“The late Dan Eamont was the first
secretary in the White House to become
famous. Since then the secretary to each
president had hee,n much in the spotlight.
*Mr. Tumulry is not yet, 10 years of age,
but he fa said to be a good politician and
to be noted for his tactfulness.”
TUB BOWERY LIGHTS
George Buchanan Fife, in Harpers
Weekly.
The Bowery finds a wantonly "mixed
company” of lights awaiting ^her. They |
come \vit#i simplicity and with treachery,
from the moon faced benevolence of the
clock over Cooper Union to the knife 1
blade glitter of the arc lamps under the
elevated tracks at Chatham Square. The
Bowery's cronies have ever been a strange
crew, and so it is with her lights. Many
of them are far to<f good for her, far too
bright and steady; many are inoffensive
loafers along the curbs, and some are :
out and out accomplices. At Chatham
Square, where her dominion begins, the
very street lamps convey the disquieting
suggestion that they are lying In wait
for some one behind the squat pillars of
the overhead railway. Close at hand,
around the corner of a wall, the alien j
lights of a crooked Chinese street look
aslant upon the highway. They illumi- 1
nate festivities more or less their own,
with the bowery for an indulgent and
much valued patroness. A little farther
on the glow of an honest warmth spreads
from a mission house doorway upon the
bony faces of men who are hunching,
shuffling along In line foi* a handful of
bread. These are the ones'for whom the
Bowery no longer lias employment save
in her sullen, vicious moods, but she feeds
them, perhaps to keep them from annoy
ing her. Then comes the heated rivalry
of the shop windows, which, for brilliance,
are veritable fiery furnaces. It seems in- ,
crexilble that suits and “pants” and hats ;
are not consumed in the blaze which ex- j
pioits them. But one night, a long time
ago, the proprietor of an “Emporium of
Fashion” made two lights to burn where
only one burned before, and the challenge
was too pointed to be ignored by his com
petitors. And that is what brought the
lights trooping In upon the Bowery. Year
by year they become brighter and more
numerous; better buildings, better men.
follow them, and the crafty old street who
sees it all elevates her badly painted eye
brows and reduces the price of whisky to
5 cents a glass.
THK Ml'Kt’l ALtST
From the Journal of the American .Medi
cal Association.
The hurriedly made specialist In medi
cine—"the egregious expert*’—to modify
slightly a familiar and at present popu
lar proverb, believes and acts on the prin
ciple that nothing succeeds like excess
excess of refinement in specialism. The
narrow specialist, exoiically grown and
narrowly confined, cannot lust and even
now Is on the wane. Feeling that lie is
marching in the footsteps of natural ad
vance when he decides to become a spe
cialist. lie believes that, like the cell, the
more highly specialized the more advanced
the organism. As lie proceeds in experi
ence his views become more and more
narrow. He forgets that no group of cells
acts Independently. "The man who lives
and moves and has his being only among
experts of his own type Is merely an ex
ample of “frenzied isolation.” The man
who goes abroad for ttiree months and
thenceforth sets himself up in the tem
ples of the experts is said to be "largely
a bearer of other men’s responsibility—or
a scapegoat." But lie Is unnecessary.
While it is true that "no man can study
medicine in its entirety," and "surgeons,
physicians, eye men, gynecologists, and
so forth, we must have,” each is a part
of u whole, and no one should attempt
to dominate the whole. The refinement
of specialism leads to narrowed efficiency
and thence to the vanishing point of prac
tical effectiveness. Too close concentra
tion will lead to elimination. Let the nar
row specialist know his limitations and
keep to.his place. Ills opinions should be
treated gravely as such and not as ab
solute, proved facts. He makes an ex
cellent servant but a bad master.
WHAT IS MB. UK K« SO VS DUPE!
From Harper's Weekly.
Prof. Henri Bergson has come here
from France to lecture on philosophy at
Columbia university. He Is an accom
plished scholar, and his lectures are very
popular. We hear of three thousand ap
plications for seat* hi a lecture room th.it
holds 800.
Professor tSssgson has some Ideas to
convey. The newspapers hereabouts have
devoted a great deal of space to him and
to Ids dope. About himself, by diligent
reading und looking at his picture, we,
the public, have eomo to know a little
something. But about the' dope we do not
really get any information. We do not
recall so great an effort made by the pa
pers and so much space devoted to any
thing with such meager and disappointing
results as this effort to impart the pith of
the ideas which M. Bergson lias brought
with him. It must be something that the
newspapers can t tell, or else that the un
initiated mind cannot receive. Perhaps it
is the latter. We have talked to people
who had eertiticates that they knew what
SI. Bergson thinks, but they were not able
to communicate it. We know the elec
tricity Is turned on because the lamp
glows, and we know that St. Bergson has
been turned on because the papers beam
about him. But the nature of ills current
remains a mystery. They w ho know can
not tell, and those who tel! do not know.
Probably you have to take him like the
I waters at Saratoga—large glasses often
tilled, and give your mind to It; samples
no use.
DEMOCRATS AND POWER
H,v BII.L VISES
□SH1NGTON, February 16.—
(Special.)—Fortunately for
Woodrow Wilson and tlie first
democratic administration for 16 years,
the democrats captured the House two
years ago, and have had control for
that length of time, of that branch of
the government, and may be the ex
periences they Ijave had will sober them,
and bring them to the real sense of
their obligation to something and some
one besides themselves.
They are now experiencing a few well
earned Jolts, and the experienced leg
islators on the other side like Jim Mann,
and Uncle Joe Cannon, Dalzel and others
do not hesitate to crack a head every
time it bobs into vftw.
The democrats acquitted themselves
most creditably until recently when for
the'time Mr. Underwood has been tied
up in the ways and means committee
writing a tariff bill, but in the recent
appropriation bills, with no hand to stay
them, it was a free for all grab fest,
and not a single bill was reported to the
House which was not crammed to ex
cessive amounts, making the previous
efforts .of the republicans to do real ap
propriating appear to be the feeble ef
forts of mere amateurs, except the much
abused public building and grounds bill.
This bill is warmly defended, and with
some grounds, because it has been three
years since there was a public bill, and
the present bill carries only $26,000,000.
The last bill was Just two years back,
and carried $27,000,000.
Startled at the way the House wras
"carrying on" Mr. Underwood has been
obliged to put on the pressure, and warn
the chairmen of the various committees
that there must be some lopping off.
Loud cries of anguish follow the orders
of the leaders barring the way to the
treasury, but the rank and file of The
party are getting an experience of value
to them.
It Is all very well when you are in
tli© minority, and you can stand back
and “view with alarm” the extravagant
waste of the public money by the ma
jority. You can swell up and howl about
the “peepul's munny” in tones of bitter
woe. You can “deplore” the greed of the
opposition, when they have their heads
in the trough, but when the situation is
reversed, and you begin to illustrate to
the enemy what pikers they are when
it comes right down to plain and fancy
“appropriating,” you become indignant
when they begin to fling bricks.
Of course, mere are good and sufficient
reasons for every appropriation that has
been made. The country is growing year
by year, and there is a constant demand
j for more money. Also, naturally, the i
business of the country being greater, the
income is also greater, as with every
growing business. But at the same time,
the demqyrats have preached, urged anil *
demanded "economy'' in administering
the affairs of the government, and natu- [
rally their brand of "economy" at pres- 1
ent displayed as exhibit "A'’ same being
to wit; If appropriation bills of the pres
ent session are not cut down the sixty
seeond Congress will appropriate >115,000,
000 to >120,000,000 more money than any pre
vious Congress; naturally the republicans
refer to this brand of economy with much
rudeness and mockingly admonish the
democrats, that "if this be economy, for
heaven's sake don't give us a touch of
extravagance."
Let not the people he alarmed over
the apparent recklessness of the party
they have placed in power. The leaders
are .already preparing to put "blinders '
on tile members, so that they can ride
by the treasury building without throw- '
ing a fit. This tendency to run away,
is to be rudely but effectually checked,
and a “hands off" sign pht on the money
chest. With an attempt to emulate the
example of their ancient opponents, when
the republicans deftly laid all the sins
of the Harrison administration on Cleve
land and got away with it—the politic
ians—not the statesmen, of the majority
are handing another one to Taft, and are
preparing to shift the blame on him.
Sure; why not? Tf this isn't Taft's ad
ministration, whose is it? We can’t be
expected to economize under Taft's ad
ministration and let him get credit for it
—what? Wait tIH we get an administra
tion of our own. Just hand it to Taft;
he'll stand for anything.
To bring It right down to the last analy
sis. members of Congress are not so much
to blame for extravagant appropriations.
Their constituency is to blame. It Is be
coming more and more tile practice to
measure a representative in Congress by
the amount of swag he digs out of the
treasury for his district. If he sets an
example and asks for nothing, or at
least a modest amount, the people back
home thing he is an "onion" and has no j
influence and next election a long haired
guy with a celluloid collar will scatter
his political remains over the entire dis
trict, and he is rebuked for attempting
to be a statesman instead of a pirate.
Be that as it may, the present storm
that is raging around the party in power
in the House is a good thing. It will
bring them face to face with the situa
tion and in the sixty-third Congress in
stead of hurling defies at the leaders,
they will be eating out of their hands.
---______________—
GABY’S QUICK CHANGES
From the New York Evening World.
□ IS iittlfe old earth has a new won
der to add to its collection of seven
—tfce wonderful gowns of Mile.
Gaby Desb's and her milc-a-mtnute speed
of changing them.
On the right side of the Winter Garden
stage is a little green screen coop, with
a mirror hanging on the wall, a chair lit
tered with hats and two maids holding
bundles of Paris flnery. The little screen
affair is where Gaby makes her lightning
changes and the maids help with deft,
(lying (lingers.
There is a different Gaby the minute
she steps into the wings. Her eyes are
wide wilh anxiety. She Is saying, "Quick:
Quick!”
And quick, quick they must be or
milady might stamp her dainty little foot
in a most impatient fashion!
Every one steps lively!
Don't think that Gaby sits calmly in
a chair and lets tiro others do all the
hustling. Not she! She has too much
temperament and spirit not to Ire In the
very middle of it all! As she tears madly
at tile marvelous black aigrette and rhine
stone dress with one hand, the other
clutches the next i| line. One maid re
moves her coat, while the other puts her
slippers on and fastens her pretty pet
lies.
Nothing goes wrong. Never! But Gaby
Is all on edge until she steps out of the
wings onca more. Then she is quite com
posed Every one breatheR a sigh of re
lic'. But she is hardly on the stage when
she rushes off again, grabbing a gor
geous chinchilla coat as If its were so
much calico, and crams a purple feather
hat right over the dainty, flimsy cap, and
is on again in a jiffy.
Oh! It's all very exciting. The strain is
tense. When the curtain goes down on the
act those out front and those “behind"
a!l breathe a deep sigh. But they are two
different sighs. For the audience’s is
of regret, and that of 'those behind is of
relaxation.
But there is no relaxation for Gaby ami
her maids! No, indeed. The end of an
act only means rushing back to her own
real dressingr room, where there are
shelves of hats and feathers and rows and
rows of splendid creations in every con
ceivable color and every style.
One gown was strung with rhinestones;
another was all blue spangles; rosebuds
with chiffon was the theme for a third,
and so on, right in a row, hung the most
lavish, splendid and startling specimens |
that Paris affords.
One is dazzled upon entering this little
room.
‘ It was said one time that Gaby would *
set fashions. It is hardly probable, be
cause there are few women who would
have enough artistic* appreciation of such
gowns. And, if they had, most of them
could not wear them and do them justice.
This still is not all! Here is a surprise
for you. Besides all this, Mile. Gaby
Deslys designs all her own gowns. Per
haps you think this has nothing to do
with speed, if you do you are mistaken,
because she is to have an entire change
of gowns every week. Just think what
that means! She must think them out—
the design, the color scheme, the ma
terials and a thousand and one other
small details.
And they must come from Paris!
As was said, intermission for Milt.
Deslys means selecting a brilliant new
wardrobe from these for act two. And
Act 2 means just the same as Act 1, only
with more gowns!
“The Honeymoon Express’’ was slow
compared to Gaby’s speed between her
dressing room and the footlights.
_
H VOLITION AMI THEOLOGY'
From the Living Cliurch.
The question is being put by the Biblical
World (Chicago) to a number of scientists:
“Does modern science still believe ’n
evolution?” Of course they have all an
swered In the affirmative. Differing as
these various replies naturally do, their
substance may be said to have been ex
pressed by Professor Mall of Johns Hop
kins: "As far as I am aware, scientists
accept fully the theory of evolution. Heal
ly it is not questioned.”
Now we hope that the Biblical World
will not stop at this, but will go fur
ther and show that the best theologians
of orthodox as well as of speculative
schools, accept the same hypothesis. The
limitation placed by* Roman authority
upon Roman Catholic clergy may perhaps
make of these at least an apparent ex
ception: but in the main there is no
longer a contest between science and the
ology on the subject; scholars are gen
erally* agreed.
| Rut though this means a great change
I hTThe presentation of theology in the gen
I oration that has elapsed since Darwin's
! death, it does not mean that there has
been a modification of the old time Cath
olic faith. Theology must very’ largely
be expressed always in the language of
philosophy and of biology: but neither
philosophy nor biology are, of themselves,
i parts of theology. In so far as it is a
science—and it yet remains the queen of
sciences—theology is fallible and subject
to development and change. That means
only that theology is not identical with
the faith, bit is the statement of the
faith in the terms of current thought.
When Copernican astronomy succeeded
to the science of early days, the language
of theology was necessarily changed;
when mediaeval philosophy gave way to
a more accurate system, theological state
ments of sacramental truth that were
founded •» a distinction between sub
1 stance and accidents necessarily gave way
[to a statement of the doctrine of the real
l presence that was more accurate philo
j sophtcally. And wiien science gave tne
I world the knowledgq of evolution, the
i ology was bound to take cognizance of the
| fact and adjust, not the faith, but the the
ological statement of the faith, to the new
* teaching. fc>o may we anticipate that in
future years new knowledge will afford
new light upon the' eternal facts of the j
Christian faith, and so require further
modifications of theological) explanations.
WOMEN ON POLICE FORCES
From the Living Church.
-Mayor Keller of gt. Paul has announced
the appointment of two women as regular
memlfers of the St. Paul police depart
ment. in accordance with a recently enact
ed city ordinance. They assumed their
duties by watching the old year out at the
dance halls, where the authorities claim 1
young girls are surrounded by bad influ
ences. A year ago the movement reached
Minneapolis, where, as yet, however, only |
one lias been appointed. A short time ago
the commissioner of police of I>enver ap
pointed a woman as a member of the de
tective bureau, who will be intrusted with
the execution of the new dance hall ordi
nance and will aid in the light against
the social evil. Still more significant of
the growth of the movement is the fact i
that there are three police women in Bal
timore and one woman deteptive in New
York. A Maryland law of 1912 provided
for live, calUng them ■'matrons to the
police force, to distinguish them from
"station house matrons.”
I.OVEi.l MAHV DOX\El,l,Y
By William Allingham.
O lovely Mary Donnelly, it s you I love
the best!
it' fifty girls were around you, I’d hardly
see the rest;
Me what it may the time of day, the plac e \
he where it will,
Sweet looks of Mary Donnelly, they bloom
before me still.
Oh, you’re the flower of womankind. In
country or in town;
The higher 1 exalt you, tl/e lower I’m
cast down,
If some great lord should come this way
and see your beauty bright.
And ask you to be his lady, I'd own it
was but right.
Oh, might we live together in lofty palace ;
hall
Where joyful music rises, and where
scarlet curtains fall!
Oh. might we live together in a cottage J
mean and small,
With sods of grass the only roof, and
mud the only wall!
O lovely Mary Donnelly, your beauty's
my distress—
It’s far too beauteous to be mine, but I'll
never wish it less:
The proudest place would tit your fa£ft» /
and t am pour und low,
^ But blessings be about you, dear, what
ever you may go I

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