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The Birmingham age-herald. [volume] (Birmingham, Ala.) 1902-1950, March 18, 1913, Image 1

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Public Examination Into
Affairs Will Be Conducted
by Examiners, Which
Will Begin Today
$29,000 RECEIVED
Various Banks Where Department'
Kept Funds Will Be Examined
First—Rumored Officials of
the Convict Department
Might Be Indicted
Montgomery, March 17.—(Special,)—“It
lias been decided In view of the short
age in the convict department that a full
and thorough Investigation of this depart
ment will be had and tnar at this inves
tigation the representatives of the news
papers will be permitted to be present
and the fullest publicity thereby given.”
The above statement marked the most
pronounced development of tho last few
days of the painstaking Investigation
which Governor O’Neal and other offi
cials are making looking toward a co n
plete examination of the administration
of the affairs of the convict department.
The statement was authorized by Gov
ernor O’Neal, who declared that the pub
lic examination will be conducted by the
chief examiner and the assistant exami
ners of public accounts, the investigation
to begin at 10 o’clock tomorrow morning.
The decision of Governor O’Neal to take
the public into his confidence in the in
vestigation was reached Monday morn
ing after a conference with Maj It. 1C.
Bteiner, special counsel in the matter;
Judge John Pelham, Attorney General
Itobert C. Brickell, ami other officials.
The executive statement continues.
"This examination will be conducted by
the chief examiner, aided by the assist
ant exainir. rs, and will be held In the
room of the state railroad commission,
commencing Tuesday morning, March IS,
at 10 o'clock a. in.
“Under the law. the examiner has the |
power to require the attendance of wit-1
nefifes and compel the giving of test!-;
and. product ton of books, and pa
"The governor intends to hasten this
hearing and purposes to give the exami
ner every assistance in his power and
the people the completest information. ’
Examination of Hanks
The public investigation, which will be
gin Tuesday morning, will first consist in
an examination of the various banks with i
which the state convict department has j
done business. The examination of the
banks will be most complete, and a thor- j
ough probe will be made into all deposits;
made by officials of the convict depart
ment, whether these deposits were made
in banks of Montgomery or in other
hanks of the state. Lt is anticipated that
the examination of the banks will also in
clude an investigation of the personal ic- i
counts of officials of the convict depart-1
ment, though the examination will consist
chiefly of un investigation of those banks
with which the department did business.
Cancelled Checks Investigated
The investigation today hinged to
soino extent upon the tracing of cer
tain checks which had been received
by officials of the convict department
in payment of cotton which had been
shipped from Speigners. The statement
as rendered by the cotton mill at Speig
ners showed that the shipment had
been made to a well known Cincinnati
firm of cotton brokers, and that the
amount of the sale was $29,000.
This amount was the first shortage
that was reported to Governor O’Neal.
The records of the convict department)
showed no evidences of such a transae- i
tion, although the governor has re
ceived cancelled checks from the Cin
cinnati firm for nearly the whole of
this amount. .
Tt is said that some of these checks
were deposited in banks outside of the
city of Montgomery, and- while nothing
definite has been announced relative i
to the name of the endorser, it has
been intimated that probably T^acy did
not receive nil of the money involved.
This question will doubtless be thor
oughly aired in the investigation to be
made, and it Is expected that some sub
stantial developments may arise as a
result of the enquiry.
Embezzlement Charges
There was some rumor in official
circles today to the effect that officials
of the convict department might be In
dicted on embezzlement charges, al
though not directly connected with the
recent defalcations. This report gained
considerable headway during the day.
and a statute in the code was quoted
to show the law bearing upon the sub
ject of embezzlement by public officers.
The law in question provides that any
public official who deposits the state’s
money in a hank must receive from
the hank sufficient security to secure
the payment of the funds deposited.
The law covering the subject is as
"Any probate judge, clerk of a court
(Continued on Page Nine.)
Property Loss of More Than $50,000 Reported at Garland.
Lives of More Than 100 Inhabitants Endangered—To
tal Loss of All Dwellings of City By Rising
Waters of Sepulga
Montgomery, March 17.-—(Special)—A re- |
port was received by Governor O’Neal j
this afternoon to the effect that the town
of Garland in Butler county had been
entirely swept away by the raging floods
of the Sepulga river, entailing a property
loss of between $50,000 and $HK),000 and
endangering the lives of the 100 or more
inhabitants of that place.
According to the report received at tin*
executive offices, eight or ten stores of
the town have been sw ept away, resulting
in a total loss and all the dwelling houses
of the place have from 10 to 12 feet
of water in them, many of them having
been washed away by the action of the
swollen river.
So far as could be learned no lives
have been lost though few of the homes
at Garland are said to be inhabitable.
while the destruction partly in
undated Is said to 2k £>.nost complete.
It is reported thy city of Georgl
ana, which is a sh .. fiance from Gar*
land? has organ!/ scue parties and
that the townspr ^ v»f tliat place have
donated food a/ O Othing for the suf
fering residents' neighboring town.
An appeal ha Sj> i made to Governor
O’Neal for a while the state has
no fund wit o •.<,h to meet such de
mands the lor has issued a state
ment calling n». t the people of the state
to assist the unfortunate residents of that
Garland is in the southern portion of
Butler county on the line of the Louis
ville Nashville railroad company.
Major J. I. McKinney, superintendent of
the Montgomery and Mobile division of
the Louisville & Nashville, is in Garland
assisting the residents of that town in
saving whatever property can be se
cured and at the same time seeking to
re-establish railroad communications in
that section of the state.
Meeting of Constitutional
ists Thown Into Disorder
by the Militants
Lansbury Makes Threatening Speech
Before Men’s Federation League.
May Take Up Arms Against
Riotous Suffragettes
liOiidon, March 17.— Shouts of “Why
don’t you blow up Premier Asquith?”
and “Shoot him!’* were heard in Lon
don music hall today during an ad
dress by Mrs. Pankhurst to a company
of sufl'iagettos. Sne liad declared he.
daughter, Sylvia, “was trying to re- j
lease herself as a prisoner of war from ;
the enemy and was enduring all the j
tortures of imprisonment in solitary
The militants now have declared war
against the sisters who are working.
for the vote for women by constitu- |
feional means.
A meeting: of the constitutionalist*
which Philip Snowden, socialist mem
ber of parliament for Blackburn was
addressing at Gateshead tonight, was
thrown into disorder by militants who
insisted upon interrupting Mr. Snow- '
den. Quiet was not restored until the
stewards, male and female, ejected the ,
more warlike supporters of the suf-1
l rage movement.
The order for the forcible removal of
the disturbing element was given by
the chairwoman and was accomplished
only after vigorous resistance on the
part of the militants.
Mr. Snowden said no government
would he able to deal comprehensively
with franchise reform unless prepared
simultaneously to concede the franchise
to women.
Makes Threatening Speech
George Ijansbury, former socialist
member of the house of commons for
tlie Bow and Bromley division of Tower
hamlets, who resigned his seat in par
liament as a protest against the re
fusal of the government to give the
vote to women and was defeated for
re-election last November, made a
threatening speech before the Men's
Federation for Woman's Suffrage to
night. He said if public opinion did
not compel the government to use the
police to preserve order at public meet
ings, there was only one thing to do
ami that was for the men to arm them
selves and preserve order.
Mr. Lansbury also attacked the labor
party for not forcing the government
as it could do, to give women the vote.
The labor!tes. he said, were tricking,
betraying and fooling the women.
The Actresses’ Franchise league has
protested against the recent canvass
by a theatrical journal on the question
of suffrage. Tills poll showed 244 in
favor of woman suffrage, 326 against It
and 845 Indifferent.
It is pointed out in the protest that
the league has only 750 members and
that therefore the negative replies
probably were received from actresses
of the musical comedy and variety
Crew Reported Lost
Stettin, Germany. March 17.—Fragments
of wreckage picked up today on the coast
of Norway gave conclusive evidence that
the German steamer Peruvia with its
crewr of 28 officers and men, was lost in
a storm there some time ago.
New York, March 17.-Dr. Friederich
Friedmann is ready to treat without
charge all sufferers from tuberculosis,
according to his brother, Dr. Arthur
Friedmann, who today declared it was
a crime not to permit him to do so.
Dr. Friedmann lias been refused prac
tical permission by the medical authori
ties of the city to give his treatment
except in connection with certain liospl
tals. Since his arrival here hundreds of
sufferers have besought him to aid them.
“Many of these people hate come from
out of town and they cannot be taken
into the city liospitals because they do
not live here,” Arthur Friedmann said.
\He told of one patient' who had laid
Siege dally to Dr. Friedmann at his hotel
for 10 days. “This man,” lie said, “lias
! a temperature of 104 and 100, and is walk*
inn about the streets. He may drop dead
in the street, but we cannot help him.
Dr. Friedmann can treat only cases In
hospitals and those under care of a gov
ernment physician. There are hundreds
of persons in New York to whom he
wants to give his treatment for the bene
fit of humanity, but his hands are tied.
He is eager to treat those patients, rich
and poor alike, without charge. It is
a crime not to allow him to do so.”
A dozen persons suffering from pulmon
ary tuberculosis received Dr. Friedmann's
treatment at Bellevue hospital this after
noon. All of them were ii\ an advanced
stage of the disease. Some of the scores
who waited outside In the v*yn hope that
they might be given the treatment came
in automobiles. All were turned away
and only tiie cases previously selected
came to his attention.
Plans Not Completed for Di
viding Senate Patronage.
The Party Caucus
Washington, March 17,—The special
session of the Senate which began imme
diately after the inauguration of Vice
President Marshall March 4, came to an
end early this afternoon. Democratic
senators had not completed their plans
for dividing Senate patronage and ar
ranging committee quarters and the party
caucus that has run through two weeks
was continued until tonight.
Completion of arrangements will be
established as soon as the special tariff
session assembles April 7.
President Wilson notified Senators
Kern and Galling er who were appointed
to call upon him that, he had no further
business that would keep the Senate in
session. The committee waited* on tTu
President over the telephone, and were
informed that he was content to let
further appointments go to the extra
session of next month. The Senate
wound up its work at 2:09 o'clock and
adjourned on the motion of Senator Kern.
Democratic plans to prevent concentra
tion of control in the Senate by giving
the majority members of any committee
power to regulate its affairs, were taken
up today in a party caucus.
Resolutions pending proposed important
changes in methods that have been fol
lowed in selecting committee chairmen
and controlling committee meetings and
making other changes that it would make
it impossible for Senate control to drift
into the hands of a small number.
The Senate reorganization wras com
pleted Saturday with the exception of
the arrangement of patronage and work
on the general resolutions. Aji early ad
journment of the Senate was looked for.
The caucus, however, made little pro
giess and as the Senate met at noon ad
journed late in the day.
Sensational Development in
Political Investigation in
New Hampshire
Concord, N. H„ March 17.—Gordon
Woodbury, who was a candidate for
United States senator in the contest that
ended last Thursday with the choice of
Henry F. Hollis, charged before a legisla
tive investigating committee today that
a member of tile iegislature had offered
to sell Ills vote and deliver three other
votes for $1000. Two other witnesses testi
fied that they had been improperly ap
proached during tiie prolonged balloting.
Woodbury was an untl-Hollls democrat,
and tiie support he received prevented for
a time the election of Hollis.
He testified that a representative whom
lie named called at Ills office and said that
if Woodbury would produce the money he
could have four votes then being cast
against him. The witness said that he
replied that he was not interested and
showed tiie man the door.
William D. Voung, a business associate
of Woodbury, told the committee that the
man mentioned by ills partner had said
to him that he and two others would vote
for Woodbury for J200 each.
Representative John S. Wheeler of
Manchester testified that the alleged
briber met him on a railroad train and
exhibiting a large roll of bills, offered
to put the witness In the way of making
$80o or $900 at the legislature.
The committee adjourned tonight for a
1_O'Neal to make thorough probe into
convict department.
Butler county city swept away by
Militants declare war on peaceful
Rehearing* In six murder cases re
Hamilton's appointment confirmed. •
Tariff first oil extra session pro
g—Tuscaloosu not calling on Wilson for
single place.
3— Mobile high school In balance.
4— Editorial comment.
B—Wllkerson here to examine books.
Owl cars operated at a loss.
Make formal Inspection of boulevard
6— Socie'.v.
7— Sports.
10—President turns attention to N«w Jar
sey situation.
Supreme Court of Alabama
Refuses Applications In
Capital Cases
Condemned Men Will Sulfer Death
Sentence Unless Governor O'Neal
Interferes—The Cases Have
Created Much Interest
Montgomery, March 17.-— (Special.)—
The muprente court of Alabama baa re
f it Med applications for reliea rings In alv
capital caaea which were preaented to
that tribunal today and unleMa Gov
ernor O'Neal Interferes, each* of the
defeiiilanta will lie compelled to suffer
the death aeutence. The condemucil
men are Walter .VoneM, Arthur Joucm
and William Wataon of Birmingham,
mid Walter JoneN, Arnold Gilmer anil
John Adama of Montgomery.
The application for rehearing wero
presented to the supreme court Mon
day morning and by 4:30 o’clock in the
afternoon tlie court had announced its
decision In each of the cases. One ap
plication, that of Jay Smith of Alabama
City, sentenced to death for the murder
of Policeman Patterson early in Janu
ary, 1912, was granted, the certificate
having been withdrawn and the case
continued until the next regular ses
sion of the court.
Two of the six men whose applica
tions were overruled wdll go to the gal
lows on next Friday, March 21, while
the remainder are sentenced to suffer
tiie death penalty two weeks later, on
Friday, April 4.
Three Birmingham Men
The Birmingham men are white, and
were sentenced to death for murder in
connection with the Lewlsburg crimes,
in 1911, Two of the men, Arthur Jones
and William Watson, were sentenced to
dealli for the murder of a negro, John
Holland, while Walter Jones. the
brother of Arthur, was sentenced for
tlie murder of Lawrence B. Evans. The
date for the execution of Arthur Jones
and William Watson has been set for
next Friday.
The most prominent of the Montgom
ery men sentenced to death, Walter
Jones, white, who murdered Sloan
Rowan, a Lowndes county merchant,
on July 18, last. Arnold Gilmer. » -
other white- man of Mt>iitgor..ory, unJer
the death sentence, was convicted of
tlie murder of Mrs. Lucile Tippets.
The other condemned murderers of
Montgomery are John Adams and Cole
man, negroes. Adams was sentenced for
the murder of Policeman Berry two
years ago. And Coleman will pay tlie
death penalty for the murder of a ne
gro woman, his paramour. The date set
for the execution of Walter Jones of
Birmingham, and the Montgomery de
fendants Is Friday, April 4.
Will O’Neal Interfere?
Whether Governor O'Neal will inter
fere with the sentence of the court in
reference to six capital cases is a ques
tion that was asked in official circles
Monday afternoon with practically a
unanimous opinion inclining to the be
lief that he will refuse to do so. It is
understood that the governor lias been
looking into tlie cases since, they were
decided by tile supreme court, and the
general impression is that he will let
the law take its course. So far as can
he learned, It is believed (hat the gov
ernor is of the opinion that each of the
condemned murderers received a fair
and .impartial trial, and unless con
vinced that he should interfere witli
the sentence of the court, there is
hardly any hope that he will take any
action whatever in regard to the six
Only O’Neal Can Interfere
Nothing but executive clemency can
now save Arthur Jones, Walter Jones and
Will Watson from death on the gallows
as yesterday the supreme court of Ala
bama refused a new hearing of the ap
peals taken from the findings of the trial
court by the three condemned men. Arthur
Jones and Will Watson are to die next
Friday, March 21, for the murder of John
Holland, negro; Walter Jones is sentenced
to be hanged on April 4.
By the decision of the supreme court
yesterday the last vestige of hope was
swept away so far as the courts are con
cerned. They have exnausted every re
course allowed them under the law. They
have made their last appeal to the higher
court and that court says they must die
on the dates set for their execution. No
one can Interfere with the mandates of
the law except Governor O’Neal.
The three men were tried separately and
each waB convicted for murder and the
death penalty Imposed. Appeals to the
supreme court were taken in each case.
The supreme court passed on the ap
peals and affirmed the decision of the
lower courts. The attorneys for the de
fendants thefi made application to the
supreme court for a new hearing of the
cases and presented briefs contending the
supreme court ruling should be set aside.
The supreme court held a special session
to consider the applications for rehear
ing and after reviewing the papers filed
in each case saw no reason for chang
ing the decision and said the sentence
of the lower court must stand.
Arthur Jones, Walter Jones and Will
Watson were indicted for the murder of
John Holland, a negro, at Lewisbmg.
Each was given a separate trial with the
result that Arthur Jones and Will Watson
were sentenced to be hanged on March
21 and Walter Jones given a life sentence.
Later Walter Jones was tried for the
murder of Lawrence B. Evans and found
guilty and sentenced to death. At no
time during either trial did the Jone*
boys show any emotion, but Watson was
visibly affected when the Jury Drought
In a verdict of guilty and fixed his pun
ishment at death.
New York, March 17.—A negro who
accosted a young woman as she
emerged from an uptown subway sta
tion early today, was shot dead by a
policeman. -
The girl’s screams had brought the
policeman to the rescue, and as he in
terfered, the negro slashed him across
the face with a razor. Then the negro
ran. Weak: ffom loss of blood, but;
determined, the policeman gave chase,]
took steady aim five times, and the ;
fugitive dropped with four bullets hi (
hi* body. The negro’* name was
Daniel T. Davla.
Mobile Man to Be Foreign District Judge—W. W. Prude for
Second Lieutenant of Infantry—Dr. C. J. Owens to Be
Member of Rural Credit Commission—Johh
son and Bankhead Leave for Alabama
W ashington, March IT. »Special)—The ,
Senate today confirmed the nomination
"I Peter J. Hamilton of Mobile to be j
I'nited States judge of the district, of i
Porto Rico. It developed that in the
executive session, when Mr. Hamilton’s
name was reached, that there were some
objections advanced because he had been
nominated by President Taft for the same
place and assurances were wanted that
he was a democrat.
Evidence to this effect was furnished
by Senate’* Johnston and he was con
firmed Ills salary will be $«.v>00 per year. ,
The Senate also confirmed the nomina- '
tion of William W. Prude. Jr., of Tusca- j
loosa. for appointment as second lieu- j
tenant of Infantry. Mr. Prude, who is j
a cadet at the West Point military acad- 1
en:y, is in ill health, and during the las. |
Congress Senator Johnston succeeded k
passing h bill making it possible for bin j
to be retired as second lieutenant. Ur
Clarence J. Owens, formerly of Alabama,
where, he was connected with the* South
eastern Agricultural college at Abbeville,
was appointed by President Wilson toda>
us u member of the commission to visit
Europe to look into the system of rural
credits used by foreign governments
Senators Johnston and Bankhead left for
Alabama tonight.
Ohio Solon Would Appoint
Commission to Fix a
Limit on Decollette
Columbus, Ohio, March 17.—Declaring
that the immodesty of the attire worn
by women on the streets and in public
places is the cause of “a great wave of
immorality r.ow sweeping over the coun
try,” Representative Capelle of Cincin
nati this evening introduced a bill in the
lower house of the Ohio legislature pro
viding for the appointment by the gov
ernment of a commission to “prescribe
the fashions to be worn by women in
the state of Ohio."
Introduction of the measure resulted
from a charge filed with Governor Cox
today by a woman who did not sign her
name that “immorality is practiced by
married men In the offices of the state
house and elsewhere in the state of Ohio/'
Under the provisions of the bill the
proposed commission would be compelled
to fix limits on decollette dresses so tbal
“not more than two Inches of the neck
below the chin shall be uncovered." An
other clause of the measure provides
“that transparent stockings shall not be
displayed or worn in public places.”
Strict Dress Provision
Another provision, of the bill states that
“It shall be unlawful to display or wear
any cuter garment trimmed or com
bined with lace, inserting or any kind
of embroidery mesh or net through which
the color or texture of the skin may be
distinguished without having the lace or
other transparent material backed with
opaque material.”
Members of the proposed commission,
according to the bill, would have to be
between 30 and 50 years of age. Not more
than two of them would have to be
married men and of good moral charac
ter. One would be a minister, one a
parent of not less than three children
and the third a social settlement worker.
The commission would be authorized to
“prescribe rules and regulations for the
designing and manufacture of woman's
clothing and to prohibit such styles and
patterns of garments as the commission
after hearing shall deem to be detri
mental to virtue and chastity.
The bill goes so far as to prohibit de
partment stores from displaying un
draped artificial figures. The bill makes
a violation of the act punishable by a
fine of not less than $25.
Convicted Patrolman May
Not Receive Sentence
New York, March 17.—John J. Harti
gan, the patrolman who was convicted
of perjury Saturday in the state's war
fare on the police “system,” is not likely
to receive his sentence tomorrow. This
was the statement tonight of District
Attorney Whitman, w'ho hopes that Ilar
tigan will turn against the “system” that
did not have the power to bring about
his acquittal.
Hartigan, who faces 10 years in prison,
is being pressed to make a confession.
He has been told that by doing this he
may escape with a light sentence. Dis
trict Attorney Whitman, it is known, is
prepared to recommend this if Hartigan
will furnish testimony the prosecution
seeks. This Includes corroboration of tes
timony brought out during Hartigan'.s
trial relating to the police fund declared
to have been raised to bribe George A.
Slpp to leave the state when be was
wanted as a witness against high officials.
Among several indictments drawn by
the graft grand jury today was one ac
cusing •.lack” Sullivan of persuading a
witness to leave the state nix years ago.
Sullivan, “king of newsboys,1’ already
awaits trial under the same indictment
on which Charles Becker, the police lieu
tenant and his four gun aides were sen
tenced to death for the murder of Her
man Rosenthal. The new indictment
against Sullivan is based on the story of
Rosie Hertz, a convicted disorderly re
sort keeper.
Lloyd Confers With Burleson
Washington, March 17.—Representative
Lloyd of Missouri today had a long con
ference with Postmaster General Burle
son on postal affairs. Mr. Lloyd, who
had Just returned from a 10 days' trip,
told Mr. Burleson that he had found dem
ocrats everywhere in favor of the Post
master General's plan of requiring fourth
class postmusters to pass a competitive
“Golden Rule” Chief Found
Guilty of Serious
Found Guilty of Conduct Unbecoming
Gentleman and Officer by Civil
Service Commission—Pen
sion Is Denied
Cleveland. O.. March ir.'—fhe civil serv
ice commission tonight announced that
they had found Fred Kohler, “Golden
Rule,” chief of police guilty of “gross im
| morality, conduct unbecoming an off Icel
and gentleman and conduct subversive
to good order and discipline in the police
department,” and immediately discharged
him from office.
The charges were filed by Mayor Baker
and the trial of the chief occupied the
whole of Iasi week.
The charges Involved alleged visits of
Kohler to the home of Mrs. May Schearer
on February 2, May 23 and June 5, 1912.
i.i the absence of her husband. On the
last named date Schearer testified in the
trial that he surprised Kohler and his
wife in the Schearer home.
Kohler attempted to prove alibis for
the first two dates and declared his mis
sion “on the night of June 5, 1912, was an
innocent one.” Schearer got a divorce
from his wife in a suit in which Kohler
was named.
“YVe should add to the sentence a per
mit to this officer to receive a full pen
sion to which a retirde officer is entitled
in view of the term and character of his
service, but we are without power to do
ho,” said the commission.
In a statement issued last night Kohler
indicated his willingness to resign if al
lowed to receive his full pension of $12.'.
a month, i f discharged his pension would
be $(io a month.
Attempt to Prove Alibis
Kohler Is 40 years old and has been a
member of the police department for 24
years and chief for 10 years. His pulley
of “Golden Rule" first offenders and
minor offenders lias made him one of
the best known police chiefs in the coun
j try. The title of "Best Chief in Amcr
! lea” was conferred on him by Theodore
Roosevelt on the occasion of one of the
former President visits to Cleveland.
The commissions decision praises Koh
ler's work as police chief, and says that
“while in other cities police officers have
been guilty of corruption ami extortion,
Frederick Kohler is a poor man.”
Three years ago Kohler was tried and
acquitted by the civil service commission
on charges of drunkenness and personal
misconduct in office.
Mayor Baker issued a statement tonight
in which he praised Chief Kohler's rec
ord and the efficiency of the police do-1
partment under him and regretted tic
necessity for his separation from the de- j
partment under such circumstances.
Kohler would say nothing about Ids
Nashville, March 17.—Tills morning Po-1
lice Judge Killen, following his annual j
custom, visited the local police station
and announced to the prisoners that in
honor of St. Patrick’s day he would re
lease all the Irish. Every Inmate of tin
prison. including some negroes, claim - I 1
to lai sons of Erin, and the entire number:
were released,. *
Oscar Underwood Clears Up
Doubts as to Tentative
Success of Tariff Revision Must lifj
Assured Before Other Pressing
Questions W ill Be Considered
by New Congress
Washington, March 17. The extra a vs*
sion of Congress, called by President Wil*
son today to assemble April 7, will be-*
Kin with nothing but the tariff revtskiV
bills before it. This fact was made clour
in a statement today by Representative
Underwood, chairman of the House com
mittee on ways and means. Until tariff
legislation Is Well under way in die
House no general committees will be
named and no other legislative subjects
will be taken up.
The President specified no subject for
the extra session in his proclamation. buC
it is fully understood that his message
to Congress at its opening will dwell upon
the need of tariff revision, if currency,
Philippine independent Alaskan affairs,
woman suffrage or other pressing ques
tions are finally forced upon the attention
of Congress, it will bo only after the
democratic leaders of fh«* two houses and
the President are convinced that the suc
cess of the tariff rc\ision is assured.
Date Satisfactory
The (late fixed for the tariff session
was accepted hy congressional leaders with
satisfaction. Senate committees are or
ganized for work and will take up the
preliminary stages of much general legis
lation early in April. A general agree
ment exists, however, to keep general
subjects out of active discussion while
tariff legislation Is under way.
House loaders v, he ready to g«*\*ihead
with tariff revision as soon as the t-esslf n
“The date fixed by iTesid-ut Wbson is
satisfactory to us. * said Representative
rmlci-wood today. “The tariff legislation
will be ready for presentation to the
House by that time and wo should be at
work upon it in tjh House wlthhi three
or j^trr days after the House convenes.
“Of course, before work is begun it will
be necessary to organize the House. The
ways and means committee, acting as tiro
committee on committees, will prepare a
slate or committee appointments to br»
presented to the caucus. The plan is p»
organize only the committees necessary
to conduct the organization before the
l louse rules, accounts, mileage and en
rolled hills.
“i will confer later wth Chairman
Fitzgerald of the appropriations com
mittee as to the necessity of reorganizing
his committee to handle the appropria
tion bills which failed at tin* last session.
These will be tlie* only committee organ
ized prior to the beginning of the tariff
work. The others will go over until later
iu the session.’*
The taiiff legislation now being com
pleted by the ways and means committee
will be submitted to the democratic cau
cus before the session opens.
The democrats ot the ways and means
committee adjourned tonight until to
mornow after beginning a revision of the
Intricacies of^uistoms enforcement in the
adn inistrati ip section of the tariff and
Informally discussing the Income tax plan *
in a general way without attempting to
reach a decision as to that new revenue
raising scheme designed to arid perhapt
$100,0no,000 to the treasury funds. W hile
tie* Income tax details binge upon th *
final estimate <*r the probable irvciihi*
from the fourteen schedule--, the disposi
tion of the committee majority is to In
augurate tin system with probably .1
one per rent tax on a minimum of IdOco
annual income with the idea, that the
tax may be susceptible to a lowering of
the income n Inimum or a raising of tl/b
tas percentage or both. If condition;-*
necessitate after the plan Is floated.
Fight on Wool Schedule
The big fight now is the always con
troversial sr hedule K. the big wool sche
dide on v\ a final vote is likely with
in the next three or four days. The ud
vccutes of nee raw wool' in the commit
tee have counted upon winning in the
end, regardless of what the probable at
titude of the Senate might be.
• The majority already has settled upon
free raw cotton and upon slmrp reduc
tions in the cheaper grades of textile
The revision plan contemplates sub
stantially the point provisions of the
democratic revision bills that were put
through both Houses during the last
Congress. it was stated tonight that
the revision us planned Includes:
Schedule A—Reaffirmation of most of
the rules on chemicals, oils and paints
provided under the democratic chemical
revision attempt at the lust Congress
with some sharper reductions. Including
cuta in the rates on the cheaper grades
(Continued on I'age Muc)
Washington, March 17.—The fight t •
save Porter Charlton from extradition
to Italy for the murder of his wife at
Lake Como on their honeymoon, opened
today in the supreme court when attor
neys for Charlton filed their arguments,
have received but slender increases in pay. i
ably the last of April. Much of the con
tention of Charlton’s lawyers is to sho
ing that the United States government
lias no power either by treaty or statute ■
to turn over to a foreign government
an American citizen to answer for an |
alleged crime committed in a foreign
One of the points relied upon by Charl
ton's counsel. R. Floyd Clarke, was the
failure of the Italian government, to
fotmally demand extradition of Charlton
within 40 days of his arrest, as required
£>>• the treaty of He declared he,
made repeated unsuccessful efforts to pro
cure copies of the records ot’ the state
department on the case and that he was
not j^c corded proper treatment. The cor
rt.: pondenee was produced at the judicial
hearings in New Jersey when Charlton
was ordered extradited.
It was argued tiiut since Italy had re
fused to allow her citizens to be ex
tradited the t'nlteci States government
could not turn one of its citizens over
to Italy for trial and thar the provision
of tiie Italian insnal code of 1890. prohibit
ing the extradition of its citizens nulli
fied the treats* provision.
Mr. Clarke contended that refusal of
the state department during .the last 10
years even to present a request to Italy
for the extradition of her citizens showed
an acquiescence in the Italian construc
The point also was made that the New
Jersey court, erred in not considering in
sanity as a defense to the request for
e* tradition.

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