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K. W. BARRETT Editor Entered at the Birmingham Ala., postoffice as second class matter under act of Congress March 3, 1879. Bally and Sunday Age-Herald.... *8.00 Bally and Sunday, per month.... .70 Bally and Sunday, three months.. 2.00 Weekly Age-Herald, per annum.. .60 Sunday Age-Herald . Subscription payable In advance. W. Q. Wharton and A. J. Eaton, Jr., are the only authorized traveling rep resentatives of The Age-Herald in its circulation department. No communication will be published •without its author's name. Rejected manuscript will not be returned unless stamps are enclosed for that purpose. Remittances can be made at current rate of exchange. The Age-Herald will not be responsible for money Bent through the malls. Address, THE AGE-HERALD, Birmingham, Ala. ^^VasWngtoirTureauT^SoTTllbbr^buaiB European bureau. 6 Henrietta street. Covent Garden. London. Eastern business office. Rooms 48 to M>, Inclusive, Tribune building. New York city; western business of*10®* tribune building, Chicago. The S. c. Beckwith Special Agency, agents for eign advertising. telephone Bell (private exchange conuectl»B all departments), Pie. 4*0*._ In n rctrent lie outrun* nny lacquey; marry, In mining on, lie ha* Hie cramp. _All’s AVell That Ends Well. Organization of Congress Next " eek This is a busy week at the national capitol. Congress is to meet Mon day and many questions remain to be determined this week. Perhaps no question is more absorbing than the one that relates to the formation of the committees of the House, lhe committees of the Senate have been fully organized, or nearly so, but Mr. Underwood and his friends prefer to limit the appointment of committees in the House at the outset to the few necessary to transact the known busi ness of Congress. There are members, nowever, wnu think that the Panama canal and banking and currency, not to mention one or two appropriation bills, will need consideration, and these mem bers are striving to have the House fully organized next week. A caucus will be held next week and this subject will then be determined. It cannot be determined sooner be cause many members have not re turned to Washington. In the meanwhile Mr. Underwood has prepared a handbook showing the comparative changes that will be re ported in the tariff revenue bill. This will prove a great aid to the members and it will facilitate the organization of the House next week. Tariff Duty on Sugar The cane growers of Louisiana and the beet growers of Colorado propose to resist the effort to lessen the ex pense of the breakfast table by taking off the duty of 1.90 cents a pound on sugar. This country consumes about three and a half million tons of sugar, one half of which amount is produced either at home or in the islands. The half that is imported yields a revenue of about $65,000,000. A duty of nearly 2 cents a pound means that the price of sugar in this country would be reduced below 5 cents, making it the lowest in the world. The per capita consumption of sugar in this country is about 81 pounds, and free sugar would be a boon to all people of small means. Governor Hall of Louisiana has gone to Washington to begin a fight against free sugar and the battle will become hot and heavy as soon as Schedule E is taken up. Coffee is on the free list and if sugar goes there also, the breakfast table will be pret ty fully relieved of tariff taxation. Coffee is not grown in this country, but the growers of beet and cane sugar in this country are alert and determined and a big fight will be made to retain the duty of 1.90 cents a pound on sugar. River Traffic at Augusta The interstate commerce commis *ion has decided that the Ocean Steamship company must make through rates for the Augusta and Savannah Steamboat company as well as for the Central of Georgia railway. Proper proportionate ocean rates are to be made for each. “This decision,” says the Mobile Register, “means a great deal to river transportation all over the country. Steamboat lines operating on the vast system of rivers of Alabama can ap ply for and obtain through rates from -Ivcr points via Mobile, and the ocean steamship lines from Mobile to At lantic ports, wherever the steamship lines operating coastwise from Mobile make connections and through rates at Mobile with the railroads. In other words, all indications point to a re vival of transportation on the inland waterways.” 's Traffic Manager H. S. Kealhofer of the Augusta chamber of commerce anticipates a boom in the traffic on the Savannah river, even in the pas senger business. “It is hoped,” he aa.vs, “that the traffic on the Savan nah river will be so large after the barge line is started and that Augus ta will grow so rapidly that we will aoou see two elegant passenger bouts on the river making the trip between Auguste and Savannah ‘over night’ to accommodate the increased passen ger traffic between these places— caused by the increased business— and also the ever-growing winter at tractions for which Augusta is famous.” Convicts on the County Roads The county convicts will hereafter be engaged in building better roads in Jefferson. The new system can not be put in full operation in a day but in a month’s time it will have become fairly operative. tipon the board of revenue in this county a great responsibility rests. If this board succeeds in demonstrating the economic side of the new plan it will have created a revolution in this state so far as the public roads and ■the employment of convicts are cpn cemed. All eyes will be turned towards Jefferson county in the year to come, and the hope is that the board of rev enue is planning wisely and will ex ecute efficiently. The glory will be long to that board at the end of a year it can demonstrate that convicts can be used on the public roads to the betterment of the highways at reason able cost. The facts and figures that they present at the end of a year will be closely studied throughout the state just as a new governor and a new legislature are to be elected. Rebuilding Omaha When it is remembered that 1700 homes were either entirely destroyed or badly wrecked in Omaha by the cyclone, that city deserves great credit when it resolves to rebuild all in six months. The tornado occurred on March 23, and the men of Omaha propose to rebuild 24 blocks in the better part of the city by September 23 next. This will indeed be American enterprise at its crest, to use a phrase of the Ohio river. But it is to be done. Galveston and San Francisco are to be outdone in the matter of time in Omaha. It is now a wealthy city and no doubt the task will be accomplished as planned. No tornado or sea wave or earth quake can destroy an American town, and Omaha will but add to the testi mony of Galveston and San Francisco and Johnstown, Pa., where over 2000 lives were lost in a flood. It is not easy to keep a good man down, and an American city simply cannot be crushed by the elements. Frau ICrupp is undoubtedly the richest person in Germany, and according to some authorities the wealthiest of French taxpayers is also a woman. Mme. Ge baudy, mother of Jacques, Emperor of Sahara, is believed to be worth at least $■10,000,000. She holds tier wealth in hor ror, and lives under an assumed name in order to avoid publicity. Her residence all the year round Is a small flat in Ver sailles, where the domestic staff consists of one servant, who is assisted in tlie work by her mistress. Mme. Lebaudy gives away nearly the whole of her in come, most of her donations being be stowed anonymously. It is an open se cret, however, that for many years past she has made up the annual deficit of the leading French royalist paper, which usually amounts to about $80,000. There are at least two American women with fortunes that approach $100,000,000. These women are Mrs. Russell Sage and Mrs. E. H. Harriman. Helen Keller may try to teach Prince Jaime, the little deaf son of King Alfonso of Spain, how to speak and how to use the touch method by which she can tell what one Is saying by placing her fingers on tho lips, nose and chin. The Spanish minister at Washington has been di rected to see Miss Keller and learn as much as possible of her methods from her and from her teacher and companion, Mrs. Macy. Pack of the visit to this country a few weeks ago of the Spanish royal court physician, Dr. Vincente Lor en te, were closely guarded secret instruc tions to learn all he could about the methods of teaching Helen Keller and to report as soon as possible to Queen Vic toria, who was worrying greatly over the condition of her son. Eight hundred thousand meals will be supplied by the government to the union and Confederate veterans when they are in camp next July on the battlefield of Gettysburg, where the semi-centennial of the great tight will be celebrated by all the states that participated in the strug gle. This camp is to care for 40,000 vet erans. Allowance will be made for 20 meals for each man. That will require 800 cooks and as many helpers, and 125 bakers. In the camp will be more than 9500 tents, which will be pitched in Hems not far from tlie scene of Pickett’s charge. Pennsylvania will allot space in the camp by states. Mrs. Catherine May Elliott, by a re cent decision of the appellate/court, is awarded $1,000,000 as her share of the estate of Harry Curtis Elliott, who was killed in a snowsllde December 20, 1909. in Alaska. Elliott was the owner of ex tensive copper properties and Mrs. Elliott, his divorced wife, based her claim for a share of his $2,000,000 estate on a “grub stake'’ contract by which she gave El liott $500 in 1898. Statistics compiled by the express com panies for the interstate commerce com mission show that ilie companies have lost from 22 to 25 per cent of their busi ness in parcels up to 11 pounds in the first 00 days of the year through the operation of the parcel post system. This would mean a loss of about $5,000,000 at the tame rale for the year. • Government of cities by a commission was begun In Galveston In 1901, and to day towns are governed in that way In 31 of the IS slates. The cities of Ala bama that have adopted the commission plan are Birmingham, Cordova, Hartselle. Huntsville, Mobile, Montgomery, Shef field, Talladega and Tuscaloosa—nine all told. Illinois has 19, and Kansas 31 towns that are carried on under the commission plan. Kmpcror William Is about to celebrate the twenty-flfth anniversary of his acces sion to the throne. This great war lord who never heard a hostile shot has kept the peace a long time. Three states consider themselves hon ored in the appointment of Mr. Houston to the department of agriculture—Mis souri, Texas and North Carolina. Tlie laymen's association of the North ern Methodist church favors a minimum salary of $1000 for married ministers and of $800 for unmarried. I The slogan of a Pennsylvania town is "forty babies by May 1, or bust." The infant industry in that town does not need protection. John D. Rockefeller stands a good chance to pay the government four per cent on an income of $10,000,000, or $1,600, 000 a year. Lawrence Y. Sherman may not resem tde Lincoln and he certainly does not re semble Lorimer, whom he succeeds in the Senate. Dusseldorf, Germany, is to have a tower nearly twice as high as the ElfTel tower in Paris, and the man in the moon may object. Kansas has just had a prairie fire that swept over five counties, destroying many farm buildings and hay stacks. This country Is afflicted with slmpliiied spelling, simplified music, ragtime, and simplified art, the cubists. Vice President Marshall cannot attend cabinet meetings because he has so many lecture engagements. William Rockefeller lias recovered his voice now that the Pujo commitee is gone and forgotten. Tlie Cleveland Plain Dealer says it was the greatest flood since November 6. Adrianople takes a place alongside Plevna in history. No town is ambitious to make a new flood record. TRICKS OF THE PASS FIEND W. Dayton Wagefarth in T.ippincott’s. It is customary In many theatres to ex tend tlie courtesy of a matinee to visiting players. At these performances the chronic pass hunter can always be found. He flits from theatre to theatre, well stocked with neat cards setting forth an imaginary engagement with this or that traveling company. Many tifnes "the man on the door" discovers the decep tion, but otfen the card is O. K.'d and the fraud slips blithely into a seat, chuckling over tlie success of his ruse. Afterward he will probably "roast” the production, for it is a tradition in the atricals that tlie man who witnesses a Play on a pass seldom has anything good to say of it. Requests from newspaper men are nu merous, but they are always welcome. Cognizant of the kindly feeling between the theatrical and the journalistic fra ternities, tlie pass fiend often tries to take advantage of it. He will have cards printed, or even engraved, setting forth Ills connection with some local or remote publication which ileovtes space to the atricals. Presenting his card to the com pany manager, he announces brazenly that he has been sent to "write up” tlie production. Always on the alert to pro cure publicity, the manager generally ad mits the faker. Sometimes he is referred to the house manager, who is better ac quainted with the local writers. Policemen ami plain clothes men of the districts In which a theatre is located are often admitted free, it being usually necessary for them merely to display their badges. If the pass fiend cannot think of a better way to gain entrance, he will perhaps buy an ancient badge, or a new one marked "special officer.’ At taching tills to ids vest, he “flashes'’ It Importantly as he passes me ticket taker, at tlie same time making some jocular remark about the lieutenant of the dis trict. or the political situation. This, how ever, is too old a trick to be often effec tive. The telephone offers still another me dium to the pass hunter. He must first learn tlie names of file managers and treasurers of several theatres. Equipped with this information, the rest is easy. Having decided on the production he desires to witness, he calls the theatre on the telephone. "I should like to speak with Mr. Fil bert. your treasurer," he begins. "At the phone," comes the reply. "How do you do, Mr. Filbert?”' the suave fellow pursues. "I am speaking for Mr. Murray, the treasurer at the Grand. He would like to know whether you can spare two seats for tonight.” “Certainly," Is the reply. "I'll leave them at the box office.” "Thank you very much. I suppose he’ll either send for them (his afternoon or his people will call for them before the performance. Any message for him?." "Tell him I'll send my lady love to the Wednesday matinee next week, and ask him to hold two seats. Perhaps I can come up myself before the finale. Good by." That evening the schemer falls Into the line of prospective purchasers, and when lie arrives at the box office win dow he asks for the seats that are be | lug held for Mr. Murray. They are given to him without a murmur. Until the two treasurers meet und compare notes, the pass hunting Raffles is safe. “LORNA DOONK'H" POPULARITY From the London Globe. Richard Blackmore's romance, "Lorra Doone," was by no means a success on lls first publication. The public gave It but grudging approval, and, like many another good novel, it might have hov ered on the verge of oblivion but for the opportune . marriage of the Marquis of Lome. Then, for the first time, did the initial word of tlie book's title, "Lorna,” catch the eye of the public, who, Imagin ing that it must have reference to the queen’s new son-in-law, rushed to get a copy, which, if il made no reference to the Argyle family, afforded in Its charming Devonshire story ample com pensation to Its purchasers. IN HOTEL LOBBIES TJie Difference In 12 Yearn Fayette R. Plumb of Philadelphia, a manufacturer of edge tools, who spent several days in Birmingham as the guest of W. A. Chfcnoweth, left last night. "This is my second visit,” said Mr. Plumb. "I was first here 12 years ago. Birmingham was then a town, now it a city. Twelve years ago it was quite a live Industrial center, but now It Is not only an industrial center, but a com mercial center generally. It has made grand strides. "I remember on the occasion of my first visit that Highland avenue was just getting a good start. Today 1 find it one of the most beautiful residence boule vards in this country. The whole of South Highlands lias developed as a beautiful residence territory. Few cities In the world have so much attractive landscape inside the boundary lines as Birmingham. This city undoubtedly has a splendid fu ture.” A Bright Boy "I was on Morris avenue this afternoon and witnessed a very amusing incident,” said a citisen last night. "A lady writh her young son was making purchases of one of the poultry dealers. While the mother was deciding on what she would buy the son was busily engaged in sight seeing. "He rummaged around for a little while and, noticing a peacock in a coop, stood looking at it. After examining it closely he began to get excited and finally called his mother, saying: ‘Oh, mama, come and see the king of chickens.’ His mother came over laughinjpand said, ‘Why, son, that is only a peacock, why do you think It Is the king of chickens.’ The boy looked serious for a moment and then said: ‘Well, if it Is not the king, why does it wear a crown?’ His mother had no an swer to this and the child resumed his examination of the poultry market with vim and energy.” In the Alfalfa Belt “Innis Thornton, who was a joint owner with B. B. Rudulph in the large tract in Greene county sold recently to James B. Haggin, w ill be Mr. Haggln’s manager on that estate,” said a member of the Cham ber of Commerce who takes an interest in the “farm movement,” and who is himself a large landowner. "Mr. Haggin bought this Greene county land for the purpose of raising alfalfa to be shipped to his famous farm near Lexington, Ky., for his dairy cows. There are 2900 acres In the tract and on the alluvial part of the land five or six tons of alfalfa to the acre can easily be made. "I understand that Mr. Thornton Is al ready busy with development work. A canal drain will be constructed, a railroad several miles in length will be built to tap the main line of the Alabama Great Southern and a fine macadam road will be made through the property. The very latest farm machinery will be used. "Mr. Haggln’s entrance into Alabama as an alfalfa grower means much. His development wrork will have a direct in fluence upon farm values throughout the black belt. Mr. Haggln’s nearest rail way station is Alfalfadale, wrhere Joseph E. Thompson and J. E. Penny of Birming ham own large tracts. It is said that alfalfa grown in Alabama is not only equal in quality to alfalfa grown else where, but that it is superior to most, of that raised in other sections.” Chicago Man's First Visit E. A. Stavrum of Chicago is registered at the Hillman. Ho is representing the Cincinnati symphony orchestra, known in musical circles as one of the great or chestras of this country, and it is prob able that he will complete a southern itinerary, including Birmingham, during the next few days. If the Cincinnati orchestra comes to this city it will be on Monday and Tuesday, May 4 and 5, the dates that were originally optioned by the Birmingham Music Festival association. am on my first visit south.” said Mr. Stavrum, ‘‘and I am greatly pleased with this section. I find Kentucky, Ten nessee and Alabama are all prosperous. “I had heard so much of Birmingham and had road so much about it that I was prepared to see a large and bustling city, but it is even more bustling than I had expected. Being a young man I do not remember Chicago when it was not a great big handsome city, but there are many residents of that teeming center who recall the early days when Chicago was not much bigger than Blrnyngham Is today. And when Chicago wfas only in the 200,000 class it must have been a poor looking town indeed compared with Birmingham of today. “This city is strikingly modern and its great office buildings and other mercan tile structures are most imposing. 1 stopped in front of the Burnett building on Second avenue and admired its artis tic and extremely modern facade. On Third avenue I noticed a new theatre and the Graves block. All the new build ings here look so substantial and many of them are so tasteful in appearance that the visitor is sure to make favor able remarks. Birmingham is certainly a revelation to a stranger. Who would have thought that a city in the south only a little over 40 years old would have been so large and so metropolitan?” Business Holds l> Well "This Is the time of the year when we may always expect a lull In busi ness," said Jacob L. Easley of New York. "Considering everything, busi ness conditions are very good. "General trade was brisk early in the year and will be brisk again in May If reports from the agricultural dis tricts arc satisfactory. If the crop reports In June are good there is every reason to believe that business will be as active as It was In June a year ago." An Ambnssmlnr's Expenses "While Walter II. Page, the new am bassador to the court of St. James, may have sufficient means to live iir London considerably beyond his of ficial Income of )17,500 a year, It is a mistake to think that It Is all but nec essary for our diplomatic represen tatives to be men of wealth," said a democrat who spent some time abroad while Mr. Bayard headed the American embassy in Great Britain. "Mr. Bayard was an Ideal ambassa dor and yet lie did not live extrav agantly. He rented a house for about |I000 a year, which In London, was equal in sise and elegance to a 93000 or 94000 a year house in Washington or New York. "Here is what an ambassador might get along with In London: Itent of house, 91000; light, fuel and water, 1300; six servants, 92000; table, 96000, which would cover the expense of teas and an occasional dinner party; chauf feur and upkeep of an automobile, 91900; family expenses such as clothing, theatre and concert tickets and Inci dentals, 96000. These items total only 916,600. The other 91000 might be given Id charity or spent on frivolities. The / government allows sufficient expense money to cover the traveling expenses of the ambassador and his family from this country to London and back. “If the ambassador entertains royalty and the smart peerage set on a lavish scale many thousands could be used for ‘social show’ but this is not at all necessary. Mr. Bayard entertained quietly but not lavishly and certainly no ambassador was ever more highly esteemed.” POISON MYSTERIES From the Now York World. The never failing public interest In poison mysteries and accusations may now occupy Itself with two remarkable cases, on both sides of the Atlantic ocean. Near Boston the death of a re tired rear admiral of the United States navy is being instigated. Near London the body of a retired lieutenant colonel of the British army has been ex | burned from the family grove plot to test for poison. Both the dead men | were of high social rank. Both had means; the aged Colonel Meeking is I described as a millionaire. The secrecy with which poison may be administered heightens the air of mystery. Most readers are familiar with romances of the middle ages introduc ing exaggerated marvels of the "aqua Tonana,” or with thrilling accounts of poisoned darts shot by savage tribes. Yet let suspicion be aroused and de tection of poisoning crimes is ordinar ily as easy as It Is in many cases of violent death to determine between theories of suicide, murder or accident. Carlyle Harris, Dr. Crippen and C. T. V. Richeson knew poisons and admin-' istered them with skill, but they were caught. A revolver makes more noise, but it leaves no more certain trace of 1 Its work than a poison. Proof of guilty poisoning must neces- ! sarily be circumstantial in most cases, since accomplices are not often need ed. But circumstantial evidence is the most convincing of all when it is well marshalled; the poisoner must get his materials somewhere and he cannot wholly hide his traces. There was prob ably as much actual detective skill used in the federal government’s trial against the dynamiters in Indianapolis as in a dozen poison cases. STORY OK MEISSONIER From tlie London Telegraph. Paris.—In some leters by the famous war painter, Meissonier, that have just come to light is an anecdote of Ills en counter with a theatrical manager, who, having heard of ills fame, went to his studio to commission him to paint his new drop curtain, it will be recalled that Meissonier was one of the few French painters who achieved fame and fortune during his lifetime. The manager ab ruptly demanded: "I want you to paint my new curtain. How much will it cost, and when can you have It done?” Picking up a piece of paper and a pen cil the artist asked simply: "What are the dimensions?" “Forty feet by sixty,” was the reply. Meissonier used his pencil rapidly and then said: , "Your curtain will work out at a little less than $1,000,000. I should be delighted to undertake the commission were it not for a second consideration. When work ing at my highest speed I require six months to complete a canvas one foot square. Thus you may expect to have your drop curtain in 100 years, possibly a few months less. Do you accept my con ditions?” The manager merely stared, and Meis sonier continued: "You see, monsieur, I am not over charging you. My pictures sell at some thing like $3500 a square jard, thus my wages are only about $1106 a 3rear, and 3'our curtain would thus be worth some thing more than $2,500,000. I am ready to call it a round $1,000,000 provided-” But the manager had seized his hat and departed. THE GOOD OLD DAYS From Leslie's. Fancy In these' days having to buy white sand and soft soap for scrubbing floors. Imagine buying food, such as bacon, hanging exposed on a hook where flies were so thick, both alive and dead, that small boys, waiting to be served, revelled in the delights of sweeping off handfuls of them from the greasy coun ters. Compare that condition with the handsome, well ventilated, light and at tractive grocery stores of today, with tempting shelves of canned goods, which include not only the staples, such as pickles and preserves , that are no longer novelties. but also the most delicious and unusual adjuncts to the meal of the epicure. Whether truffles or turtle meat, caviare or cheese, the taste can be accommodated, with the highest standards of purity and cleanliness enforced d\ *aw. The old custom was to permit a cus tomer to test butter and cheese by giv ing her a dab on a lthife. This she licked off, in this way cleaning the knife for the next butter or cheese buyer. Across the ceiling dried apples hung from one year's end to the other. If they were not thoroughly dried in the beginning, they were certain to be so after several months of dust baths when the boy swept the sawdust, and after being exposed to the heat from the kerosene lamps, the odor of which permeated everything in the place. This smell was augmented by the leaky oil barrels, as likely as ritW* to bs placed next to those holding sugar. When one considers the enormous va riety of crackers, suited to dainty luncheon and tea service, the memory of the coarse, tasteless "soda crackers ’ In the open barrel fails to add to any desire to live again in the days of old. LONDON MAD OVEII MOVIES William A. Brady in the Saturday Even ing Post. The movies craze has struck London. That great city has gone positively mad over it. In a short time it will Involve some of the large metropolitan theatres. Hammerstein's opera house has been con verted into a moving picture palace and ft certain man is going to build a theatre on Oxford street to seut three thousand persons for tills class of entertainment. Many amusing phases have been det el oped by the craze in that prim old coun try. No Sunday performances are given anywhere in Great Britain, but the mov ing picture men have succeeded in over coming this hidebound prejudice by de voting part of the receipts to charity. Nevertheless a great cry Is going up from the church against this so-called profanation of the Sabbath, and parlia ment Is apt to mix In the matter at any moment. Like a prairie fire the craze is sweeping into the provinces, putting out of busi ness a large number of small traveling companies and forcing their members to flee—a few to London and a vast number to the statea. i# ADRIFT WITH THE TIMES WHEN THE WEATHER'S WARM. "Pa. what’s a post-impressionist?” "A post-impressionist, son, is a post man who leaves his thumb print on a let ter." IT REALLY GETS STRONGER. "My wife is always giving me a piece of her mind,” sighed Mr. Naggers. The subject being ralher embarrassing, Mr. PIgsticklo merely indulged in a sym pathetic coygh. "And do you know," continued Mr. Naggus, as his fingers closed around a glass of whisky that was slithering over the rim, "I was simple enough to think twenty years ago, when she first began giving me pieces of her mind, that some day she wouldn't have any mind left." A CHEERFb- PARTING. Old March was such A month to blow', We don’t regret To see it go. A REASONABLE SURMISE. "How did Ananias get the reputation of being such a liar?” ”1 don’t remember. Maybe he was the first fellow who ever went around saying he never had a headache on the ■morning after.’ ” A MARVEL. “Mrs. Gabber speaks seven languages." “Fluently?” “Almost simultaneously." ALL A DREAM. Hallroom said to the waiter, ‘Bring me a large planked steak,” And half a second later He found himself awake. A CRAFTY WOMAN. “Henry, what is the meaning of this blonde hair on your coat?" “My dear,” answered Henry, gulping quickly, “you see, when 1 was coming homo this evening the car was crowded. A number of people were standing up. A young woman in a blue dress, wearing one of the new question mark hats, was close to me and swayed against me sev eral limes when the car turned a corner. She was a blonde. Perhaps a strand of her hair lodged on my coat.’ "Was she pretty, Henry?" "Oh, no. Very homely, I assure you," “1 don’t believe it. Had she been a homely girl you never would have remem bered how she was dressed." STILL HONEYMOONING. "Why does young Mrs. Muggins look sad this morning?" "Her husband is so distant." "Is he cold to her?" “Not at all. He's merely out of town today." A SONG OF SPRINGTIME. Shad. Glad. —New York Sun. Rone. Moan. —Schenectady Union-Star. Off. Gough. —Houston Post. ■V Breeze. Sneeze. — MIGHT FALL OUT OF BED, THOUGH. "I dreamed last night that I was speed ing around the world in a huge, silent mo tor car.” “That's the only absolutely safe joy ride I ever heard of." CROWDED OUT. The long-awaited fall of Adrianople was not given much space in the newspa pers of this country, which was probably clue to the fact that Adrianople fell just about the time the waters in Ohio begun to rise. STRICTLY FOR SHOW. You will observe that the majority of people who habitually make sweeping gestures, seldom have anything useful like a broom in their hands. SPRING CLEANING. • Windows open, Soap and suds; Soon we’ll put on Summer duds. PAUL COOK. AROUND ADRIANOPLE From the New York Post. THE law of competition holds for the news columns. Tf the floods In the Ohio valley had not monopolized the attention of the coun try for several days, more space would have been found for the story of the fall of Adrlanople amidst circumstances surpassing in dramatic intensity even the last days of Port Arthur. In the near future we shall undoubtedly learn more of the nature of the fighting which resulted in the taking of a mighty fortress as a single redout is taken, by the onrush of charging lines of Infantry, victors following on the heels of the vanquished and settling the final account, as now appears, with in the city itself. Notable for many reason in the history of military oper ations, the siege of Adrlanople will stand out because of what may be de scribed as the tragedy of the war cor respondent. For over five months a garrison of more than 50,000 men was besieged by an army which at the end must have attained twice that number. Platoons of newspaper correspondents were hoveling on the Bulgarian fron tier not much more than 20 miles away. Yet we know little of what happened around Adrlanople after the first two weeks of the war, and of what occurred within the city we know nothing. At the beginning there were almost daily humors of plague, mutiny, and starva tion in the beleaguered city. Gradu ally the rumors died of inanition, but the inhabitants of the city held out. Englishmen of Wellington's day actu ally knew' more of what was going on in the trenches around Badajos than we of the wireless age knew of what was going on on the banks of the Maritza. At the beginning of the war, the Bul garian general staff was itself- badly Informed as to the siuatlon within Adrianople. We have the word of Lieutenant Wagner fdr that. Fighting In the environs of the city began on Dctober 19, and for 10 days the Second Bulgarian army under General Ivanoff resorted to assault tactics. Outlying Turkish positions were captured, but at such heavy cost that by October 29 It was decided to blockade the city and starve it out. Adrianople was believed to be insufficiently provided with food, and Its surrender was supposed to be a matter of days. Two Bulgarian divis ions had been assigned to the task of reducing Adrianople. Later they were reinforced by a third division from the central Bulgarian army and by two Servian divisions, one operating on the northwest front of the fortress, the other to the southeast. That was the situation at the beginning of Novem ber. As the Servians completed their own high speed operations in Mace donia, still more troops were diverted to Adrianople. The Servian siege guns admittedly played an important part In the reduction of the city. When the blockade was completed at the end of Dctober, the Bulgarian allies were ex tended in an almost perfect circle some 35 miles in circumference. The 25 redoubts constituting the defences of Adrianople formed an innner circle 25 miles in circumference. Full mas tery of the inner circle w^s won by the allies only during the last few days. After that the contest apparently re solved itself into something like open Held fighting, until the final charge of the allies brought them inside the city. » It was Lieutenant Wagner’s good fortune to be an eye-witness of the last flesperate assault delivered by the Bur garians before they shifted to a policy of blockade and bombardment. It was an attack on Karagash, on the south west from of the fortress. We can very well Infer what happened aroung Ad rianople during last week's three days of battle from what the correspondenl of the Reiehspost saw and heard at Ivaragasl) last October: “Denser and denser grow the Bul garian firing lines. Again and again the gacn spring up and dart forward with rushes which the Turkish forces .seem loo weak to withstand. The enemy’s attack seems to have no success, and their lines are now rolling back by the burning ruins of Maras. There, as some of the wounded tell me, tlie corpses were piled up two yards high on each other. The Nizams, the Turkish reg ulars, stood up even against case-shot. Th.e energy of the Bulgarian advance gradually relaxed; exhaustion mad4 itself felt even among them. Far away one could still hear the booming of guns. Terrible scenes were described by those who were brought wounded from tliis last phase of the conflict. Men grappled and tried to stangle each other with their hands, and there were orgies of the mosthorrible bloodthirstiness.” Here, as at Lule-Burgas, the Turks gave evidence that t lie old fighting spirit is not extinct among them. Given food and ammunitoln, both of which they lacked a Lulc-Burgas, they could render account of themselves man for man. The factor of strongly superior numbers must not be overlooked in ac counting for. the victories of the allies. The fact that the Servian troops seem to have taken almost as active a part in the reduction of Adrianople as the Bulgarians did, is not without impor tance for the continuance of amicable relations among the allies. There are observers on the spot who have pre dicted a recrudescence of the old Servo Bulgarian rivarly as soon as peace is signed. On the part of the Bulgarians there would have been a tendency to mininlze the role played by Servla in the course of the war. The task that was assigned to the Serbs in Macedo nia was undoubtedly a lighter one than that which confronted the Bulgatians in Thrace, although at Kumanovo and Monastlr the Servians utterly confound ed the legend of their military incom petence. But if Kumanovo and Mon astir were the beginning, Adrianople was the final proof. After lighting side by-side for the conquest of the city, Bulgars and Serbs are less likely to in* dulge in mutual recriminations. THE WASHER WOMAN’S SONG By •'Tronqulll.” In a very humble cot, lu a rather quiet spot, In the suds and in the soap, Worked a women full of hope; Working, singing, all alone, ; In a sort of undertone, 'With a Savior for a friend, lie will keep me to the end." Sometimes happening along, I had heard the sentisong. And I often used to smile More in sympathy than guile; But I never said a word In regard to what I heard, As she sang about her friend Who would keep her to the cud. Not in sorrow nor in glee, Working all day long was she, As her children, three or four, Played around her on the floor; But in monotones the song She was humming all day long, "With the Savior for a friend, He will keep me to the end." It's a song I do not sing. For I scarce believe a thing Of the stories that are told Of the miracles of old; But T know that her belief Is the anodyne of grief, And will always be a friend That will keep her to the end. Just a,trifle lonesome she. just as poor as poor could bo, But her spirit always rose Like the bubbles in the clothes. And, though widowed and alone, Cheered her with the monotone, Of a Savior and a friend, Who would keep her to the end. I have seen her rub and scrub On the washboard In the tub. While the baby sopped In suds, Rolled and tumbled in the duds; Or was paddling in the pools With old scissors stuck in spools, She still humming of her friend. Who would keep her to the end. Human hopes and human creeds Have their root In human needs; And I would not wish to strip From that washer woman's lip Any song that she can sing. Any hope that song can bring. For the woman has a friend Who will keep her to the sod.