K. W. BARRETT Editor
Entered at the Birmingham Ala.,
postoffice as second class matter under
act of Congress March 3, 1879.
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_All’s AVell That Ends Well.
Organization of Congress Next " eek
This is a busy week at the national
capitol. Congress is to meet Mon
day and many questions remain
to be determined this week. Perhaps
no question is more absorbing than
the one that relates to the formation
of the committees of the House, lhe
committees of the Senate have been
fully organized, or nearly so, but Mr.
Underwood and his friends prefer to
limit the appointment of committees
in the House at the outset to the few
necessary to transact the known busi
ness of Congress.
There are members, nowever, wnu
think that the Panama canal and
banking and currency, not to mention
one or two appropriation bills, will
need consideration, and these mem
bers are striving to have the House
fully organized next week.
A caucus will be held next week and
this subject will then be determined.
It cannot be determined sooner be
cause many members have not re
turned to Washington.
In the meanwhile Mr. Underwood
has prepared a handbook showing the
comparative changes that will be re
ported in the tariff revenue bill. This
will prove a great aid to the members
and it will facilitate the organization
of the House next week.
Tariff Duty on Sugar
The cane growers of Louisiana and
the beet growers of Colorado propose
to resist the effort to lessen the ex
pense of the breakfast table by taking
off the duty of 1.90 cents a pound on
This country consumes about three
and a half million tons of sugar, one
half of which amount is produced
either at home or in the islands. The
half that is imported yields a revenue
of about $65,000,000.
A duty of nearly 2 cents a pound
means that the price of sugar in this
country would be reduced below 5
cents, making it the lowest in the
world. The per capita consumption of
sugar in this country is about 81
pounds, and free sugar would be a
boon to all people of small means.
Governor Hall of Louisiana has
gone to Washington to begin a fight
against free sugar and the battle will
become hot and heavy as soon as
Schedule E is taken up. Coffee is on
the free list and if sugar goes there
also, the breakfast table will be pret
ty fully relieved of tariff taxation.
Coffee is not grown in this country,
but the growers of beet and cane
sugar in this country are alert and
determined and a big fight will be
made to retain the duty of 1.90 cents
a pound on sugar.
River Traffic at Augusta
The interstate commerce commis
*ion has decided that the Ocean
Steamship company must make
through rates for the Augusta and
Savannah Steamboat company as well
as for the Central of Georgia railway.
Proper proportionate ocean rates are
to be made for each.
“This decision,” says the Mobile
Register, “means a great deal to river
transportation all over the country.
Steamboat lines operating on the vast
system of rivers of Alabama can ap
ply for and obtain through rates from
-Ivcr points via Mobile, and the ocean
steamship lines from Mobile to At
lantic ports, wherever the steamship
lines operating coastwise from Mobile
make connections and through rates
at Mobile with the railroads. In other
words, all indications point to a re
vival of transportation on the inland
Traffic Manager H. S. Kealhofer
of the Augusta chamber of commerce
anticipates a boom in the traffic on
the Savannah river, even in the pas
senger business. “It is hoped,” he
aa.vs, “that the traffic on the Savan
nah river will be so large after the
barge line is started and that Augus
ta will grow so rapidly that we will
aoou see two elegant passenger bouts
on the river making the trip between
Auguste and Savannah ‘over night’
to accommodate the increased passen
ger traffic between these places—
caused by the increased business—
and also the ever-growing winter at
tractions for which Augusta is
Convicts on the County Roads
The county convicts will hereafter
be engaged in building better roads
in Jefferson. The new system can
not be put in full operation in a
day but in a month’s time it will have
become fairly operative.
tipon the board of revenue in this
county a great responsibility rests. If
this board succeeds in demonstrating
the economic side of the new plan it
will have created a revolution in this
state so far as the public roads and
■the employment of convicts are cpn
All eyes will be turned towards
Jefferson county in the year to come,
and the hope is that the board of rev
enue is planning wisely and will ex
ecute efficiently. The glory will be
long to that board at the end of a
year it can demonstrate that convicts
can be used on the public roads to the
betterment of the highways at reason
able cost. The facts and figures that
they present at the end of a year will
be closely studied throughout the
state just as a new governor and a
new legislature are to be elected.
When it is remembered that 1700
homes were either entirely destroyed
or badly wrecked in Omaha by the
cyclone, that city deserves great
credit when it resolves to rebuild all
in six months. The tornado occurred
on March 23, and the men of Omaha
propose to rebuild 24 blocks in the
better part of the city by September
23 next. This will indeed be American
enterprise at its crest, to use a phrase
of the Ohio river.
But it is to be done. Galveston and
San Francisco are to be outdone in
the matter of time in Omaha. It is
now a wealthy city and no doubt the
task will be accomplished as planned.
No tornado or sea wave or earth
quake can destroy an American town,
and Omaha will but add to the testi
mony of Galveston and San Francisco
and Johnstown, Pa., where over
2000 lives were lost in a flood. It is
not easy to keep a good man down,
and an American city simply cannot
be crushed by the elements.
Frau ICrupp is undoubtedly the richest
person in Germany, and according to
some authorities the wealthiest of French
taxpayers is also a woman. Mme. Ge
baudy, mother of Jacques, Emperor of
Sahara, is believed to be worth at least
$■10,000,000. She holds tier wealth in hor
ror, and lives under an assumed name in
order to avoid publicity. Her residence
all the year round Is a small flat in Ver
sailles, where the domestic staff consists
of one servant, who is assisted in tlie
work by her mistress. Mme. Lebaudy
gives away nearly the whole of her in
come, most of her donations being be
stowed anonymously. It is an open se
cret, however, that for many years past
she has made up the annual deficit of
the leading French royalist paper, which
usually amounts to about $80,000. There
are at least two American women with
fortunes that approach $100,000,000. These
women are Mrs. Russell Sage and Mrs.
E. H. Harriman.
Helen Keller may try to teach Prince
Jaime, the little deaf son of King Alfonso
of Spain, how to speak and how to use
the touch method by which she can tell
what one Is saying by placing her fingers
on tho lips, nose and chin. The Spanish
minister at Washington has been di
rected to see Miss Keller and learn as
much as possible of her methods from
her and from her teacher and companion,
Mrs. Macy. Pack of the visit to this
country a few weeks ago of the Spanish
royal court physician, Dr. Vincente Lor
en te, were closely guarded secret instruc
tions to learn all he could about the
methods of teaching Helen Keller and to
report as soon as possible to Queen Vic
toria, who was worrying greatly over
the condition of her son.
Eight hundred thousand meals will be
supplied by the government to the union
and Confederate veterans when they are
in camp next July on the battlefield of
Gettysburg, where the semi-centennial of
the great tight will be celebrated by all
the states that participated in the strug
gle. This camp is to care for 40,000 vet
erans. Allowance will be made for 20
meals for each man. That will require
800 cooks and as many helpers, and 125
bakers. In the camp will be more than
9500 tents, which will be pitched in Hems
not far from tlie scene of Pickett’s charge.
Pennsylvania will allot space in the camp
Mrs. Catherine May Elliott, by a re
cent decision of the appellate/court, is
awarded $1,000,000 as her share of the
estate of Harry Curtis Elliott, who was
killed in a snowsllde December 20, 1909.
in Alaska. Elliott was the owner of ex
tensive copper properties and Mrs. Elliott,
his divorced wife, based her claim for
a share of his $2,000,000 estate on a “grub
stake'’ contract by which she gave El
liott $500 in 1898.
Statistics compiled by the express com
panies for the interstate commerce com
mission show that ilie companies have
lost from 22 to 25 per cent of their busi
ness in parcels up to 11 pounds in the
first 00 days of the year through the
operation of the parcel post system. This
would mean a loss of about $5,000,000 at
the tame rale for the year.
Government of cities by a commission
was begun In Galveston In 1901, and to
day towns are governed in that way In
31 of the IS slates. The cities of Ala
bama that have adopted the commission
plan are Birmingham, Cordova, Hartselle.
Huntsville, Mobile, Montgomery, Shef
field, Talladega and Tuscaloosa—nine all
told. Illinois has 19, and Kansas 31 towns
that are carried on under the commission
Kmpcror William Is about to celebrate
the twenty-flfth anniversary of his acces
sion to the throne. This great war lord
who never heard a hostile shot has kept
the peace a long time.
Three states consider themselves hon
ored in the appointment of Mr. Houston
to the department of agriculture—Mis
souri, Texas and North Carolina.
Tlie laymen's association of the North
ern Methodist church favors a minimum
salary of $1000 for married ministers and
of $800 for unmarried. I
The slogan of a Pennsylvania town is
"forty babies by May 1, or bust." The
infant industry in that town does not
John D. Rockefeller stands a good
chance to pay the government four per
cent on an income of $10,000,000, or $1,600,
000 a year.
Lawrence Y. Sherman may not resem
tde Lincoln and he certainly does not re
semble Lorimer, whom he succeeds in the
Dusseldorf, Germany, is to have a tower
nearly twice as high as the ElfTel tower
in Paris, and the man in the moon may
Kansas has just had a prairie fire that
swept over five counties, destroying many
farm buildings and hay stacks.
This country Is afflicted with slmpliiied
spelling, simplified music, ragtime, and
simplified art, the cubists.
Vice President Marshall cannot attend
cabinet meetings because he has so many
William Rockefeller lias recovered his
voice now that the Pujo commitee is
gone and forgotten.
Tlie Cleveland Plain Dealer says it was
the greatest flood since November 6.
Adrianople takes a place alongside
Plevna in history.
No town is ambitious to make a new
TRICKS OF THE PASS FIEND
W. Dayton Wagefarth in T.ippincott’s.
It is customary In many theatres to ex
tend tlie courtesy of a matinee to visiting
players. At these performances the
chronic pass hunter can always be found.
He flits from theatre to theatre, well
stocked with neat cards setting forth an
imaginary engagement with this or that
traveling company. Many tifnes "the
man on the door" discovers the decep
tion, but otfen the card is O. K.'d and
the fraud slips blithely into a seat,
chuckling over tlie success of his ruse.
Afterward he will probably "roast” the
production, for it is a tradition in the
atricals that tlie man who witnesses a
Play on a pass seldom has anything good
to say of it.
Requests from newspaper men are nu
merous, but they are always welcome.
Cognizant of the kindly feeling between
the theatrical and the journalistic fra
ternities, tlie pass fiend often tries to take
advantage of it. He will have cards
printed, or even engraved, setting forth
Ills connection with some local or remote
publication which ileovtes space to the
atricals. Presenting his card to the com
pany manager, he announces brazenly
that he has been sent to "write up” tlie
production. Always on the alert to pro
cure publicity, the manager generally ad
mits the faker. Sometimes he is referred
to the house manager, who is better ac
quainted with the local writers.
Policemen ami plain clothes men of the
districts In which a theatre is located
are often admitted free, it being usually
necessary for them merely to display
their badges. If the pass fiend cannot
think of a better way to gain entrance,
he will perhaps buy an ancient badge, or
a new one marked "special officer.’ At
taching tills to ids vest, he “flashes'’ It
Importantly as he passes me ticket taker,
at tlie same time making some jocular
remark about the lieutenant of the dis
trict. or the political situation. This, how
ever, is too old a trick to be often effec
The telephone offers still another me
dium to the pass hunter. He must first
learn tlie names of file managers and
treasurers of several theatres. Equipped
with this information, the rest is easy.
Having decided on the production he
desires to witness, he calls the theatre
on the telephone.
"I should like to speak with Mr. Fil
bert. your treasurer," he begins.
"At the phone," comes the reply.
"How do you do, Mr. Filbert?”' the
suave fellow pursues. "I am speaking
for Mr. Murray, the treasurer at the
Grand. He would like to know whether
you can spare two seats for tonight.”
“Certainly," Is the reply. "I'll leave
them at the box office.”
"Thank you very much. I suppose he’ll
either send for them (his afternoon or
his people will call for them before the
performance. Any message for him?."
"Tell him I'll send my lady love to the
Wednesday matinee next week, and ask
him to hold two seats. Perhaps I can
come up myself before the finale. Good
That evening the schemer falls Into
the line of prospective purchasers, and
when lie arrives at the box office win
dow he asks for the seats that are be
| lug held for Mr. Murray. They are given
to him without a murmur. Until the two
treasurers meet und compare notes, the
pass hunting Raffles is safe.
“LORNA DOONK'H" POPULARITY
From the London Globe.
Richard Blackmore's romance, "Lorra
Doone," was by no means a success on
lls first publication. The public gave
It but grudging approval, and, like many
another good novel, it might have hov
ered on the verge of oblivion but for the
opportune . marriage of the Marquis of
Lome. Then, for the first time, did the
initial word of tlie book's title, "Lorna,”
catch the eye of the public, who, Imagin
ing that it must have reference to the
queen’s new son-in-law, rushed to get
a copy, which, if il made no reference
to the Argyle family, afforded in Its
charming Devonshire story ample com
pensation to Its purchasers.
IN HOTEL LOBBIES
TJie Difference In 12 Yearn
Fayette R. Plumb of Philadelphia, a
manufacturer of edge tools, who spent
several days in Birmingham as the guest
of W. A. Chfcnoweth, left last night.
"This is my second visit,” said Mr.
Plumb. "I was first here 12 years ago.
Birmingham was then a town, now it
a city. Twelve years ago it was quite
a live Industrial center, but now It Is
not only an industrial center, but a com
mercial center generally. It has made
"I remember on the occasion of my
first visit that Highland avenue was just
getting a good start. Today 1 find it
one of the most beautiful residence boule
vards in this country. The whole of South
Highlands lias developed as a beautiful
residence territory. Few cities In the
world have so much attractive landscape
inside the boundary lines as Birmingham.
This city undoubtedly has a splendid fu
A Bright Boy
"I was on Morris avenue this afternoon
and witnessed a very amusing incident,”
said a citisen last night. "A lady writh
her young son was making purchases of
one of the poultry dealers. While the
mother was deciding on what she would
buy the son was busily engaged in sight
"He rummaged around for a little while
and, noticing a peacock in a coop, stood
looking at it. After examining it closely
he began to get excited and finally called
his mother, saying: ‘Oh, mama, come
and see the king of chickens.’ His mother
came over laughinjpand said, ‘Why, son,
that is only a peacock, why do you think
It Is the king of chickens.’ The boy looked
serious for a moment and then said:
‘Well, if it Is not the king, why does it
wear a crown?’ His mother had no an
swer to this and the child resumed his
examination of the poultry market with
vim and energy.”
In the Alfalfa Belt
“Innis Thornton, who was a joint owner
with B. B. Rudulph in the large tract in
Greene county sold recently to James B.
Haggin, w ill be Mr. Haggln’s manager on
that estate,” said a member of the Cham
ber of Commerce who takes an interest
in the “farm movement,” and who is
himself a large landowner.
"Mr. Haggin bought this Greene county
land for the purpose of raising alfalfa
to be shipped to his famous farm near
Lexington, Ky., for his dairy cows. There
are 2900 acres In the tract and on the
alluvial part of the land five or six
tons of alfalfa to the acre can easily be
"I understand that Mr. Thornton Is al
ready busy with development work. A
canal drain will be constructed, a railroad
several miles in length will be built to
tap the main line of the Alabama Great
Southern and a fine macadam road will
be made through the property. The very
latest farm machinery will be used.
"Mr. Haggln’s entrance into Alabama
as an alfalfa grower means much. His
development wrork will have a direct in
fluence upon farm values throughout the
black belt. Mr. Haggln’s nearest rail
way station is Alfalfadale, wrhere Joseph
E. Thompson and J. E. Penny of Birming
ham own large tracts. It is said that
alfalfa grown in Alabama is not only
equal in quality to alfalfa grown else
where, but that it is superior to most, of
that raised in other sections.”
Chicago Man's First Visit
E. A. Stavrum of Chicago is registered
at the Hillman. Ho is representing the
Cincinnati symphony orchestra, known in
musical circles as one of the great or
chestras of this country, and it is prob
able that he will complete a southern
itinerary, including Birmingham, during
the next few days. If the Cincinnati
orchestra comes to this city it will be on
Monday and Tuesday, May 4 and 5, the
dates that were originally optioned by the
Birmingham Music Festival association.
am on my first visit south.” said Mr.
Stavrum, ‘‘and I am greatly pleased
with this section. I find Kentucky, Ten
nessee and Alabama are all prosperous.
“I had heard so much of Birmingham
and had road so much about it that I was
prepared to see a large and bustling city,
but it is even more bustling than I had
expected. Being a young man I do not
remember Chicago when it was not a
great big handsome city, but there are
many residents of that teeming center
who recall the early days when Chicago
was not much bigger than Blrnyngham
Is today. And when Chicago wfas only
in the 200,000 class it must have been a
poor looking town indeed compared with
Birmingham of today.
“This city is strikingly modern and its
great office buildings and other mercan
tile structures are most imposing. 1
stopped in front of the Burnett building
on Second avenue and admired its artis
tic and extremely modern facade. On
Third avenue I noticed a new theatre
and the Graves block. All the new build
ings here look so substantial and many
of them are so tasteful in appearance
that the visitor is sure to make favor
able remarks. Birmingham is certainly
a revelation to a stranger. Who would
have thought that a city in the south
only a little over 40 years old would
have been so large and so metropolitan?”
Business Holds l> Well
"This Is the time of the year when
we may always expect a lull In busi
ness," said Jacob L. Easley of New
York. "Considering everything, busi
ness conditions are very good.
"General trade was brisk early in the
year and will be brisk again in May
If reports from the agricultural dis
tricts arc satisfactory. If the crop
reports In June are good there is every
reason to believe that business will be
as active as It was In June a year
An Ambnssmlnr's Expenses
"While Walter II. Page, the new am
bassador to the court of St. James,
may have sufficient means to live iir
London considerably beyond his of
ficial Income of )17,500 a year, It is a
mistake to think that It Is all but nec
essary for our diplomatic represen
tatives to be men of wealth," said a
democrat who spent some time abroad
while Mr. Bayard headed the American
embassy in Great Britain.
"Mr. Bayard was an Ideal ambassa
dor and yet lie did not live extrav
agantly. He rented a house for about
|I000 a year, which In London, was
equal in sise and elegance to a 93000
or 94000 a year house in Washington
or New York.
"Here is what an ambassador might
get along with In London: Itent of
house, 91000; light, fuel and water,
1300; six servants, 92000; table, 96000,
which would cover the expense of teas
and an occasional dinner party; chauf
feur and upkeep of an automobile,
91900; family expenses such as clothing,
theatre and concert tickets and Inci
dentals, 96000. These items total only
916,600. The other 91000 might be given
Id charity or spent on frivolities. The
government allows sufficient expense
money to cover the traveling expenses
of the ambassador and his family from
this country to London and back.
“If the ambassador entertains royalty
and the smart peerage set on a lavish
scale many thousands could be used
for ‘social show’ but this is not at all
necessary. Mr. Bayard entertained
quietly but not lavishly and certainly
no ambassador was ever more highly
From the Now York World.
The never failing public interest In
poison mysteries and accusations may
now occupy Itself with two remarkable
cases, on both sides of the Atlantic
ocean. Near Boston the death of a re
tired rear admiral of the United States
navy is being instigated. Near London
the body of a retired lieutenant colonel
of the British army has been ex
| burned from the family grove plot to
test for poison. Both the dead men
| were of high social rank. Both had
means; the aged Colonel Meeking is
I described as a millionaire.
The secrecy with which poison may
be administered heightens the air of
mystery. Most readers are familiar with
romances of the middle ages introduc
ing exaggerated marvels of the "aqua
Tonana,” or with thrilling accounts of
poisoned darts shot by savage tribes.
Yet let suspicion be aroused and de
tection of poisoning crimes is ordinar
ily as easy as It Is in many cases of
violent death to determine between
theories of suicide, murder or accident.
Carlyle Harris, Dr. Crippen and C. T. V.
Richeson knew poisons and admin-'
istered them with skill, but they were
caught. A revolver makes more noise,
but it leaves no more certain trace of 1
Its work than a poison.
Proof of guilty poisoning must neces- !
sarily be circumstantial in most cases,
since accomplices are not often need
ed. But circumstantial evidence is the
most convincing of all when it is well
marshalled; the poisoner must get his
materials somewhere and he cannot
wholly hide his traces. There was prob
ably as much actual detective skill
used in the federal government’s trial
against the dynamiters in Indianapolis
as in a dozen poison cases.
STORY OK MEISSONIER
From tlie London Telegraph.
Paris.—In some leters by the famous
war painter, Meissonier, that have just
come to light is an anecdote of Ills en
counter with a theatrical manager, who,
having heard of ills fame, went to his
studio to commission him to paint his new
drop curtain, it will be recalled that
Meissonier was one of the few French
painters who achieved fame and fortune
during his lifetime. The manager ab
"I want you to paint my new curtain.
How much will it cost, and when can you
have It done?”
Picking up a piece of paper and a pen
cil the artist asked simply:
"What are the dimensions?"
“Forty feet by sixty,” was the reply.
Meissonier used his pencil rapidly and
then said: ,
"Your curtain will work out at a little
less than $1,000,000. I should be delighted
to undertake the commission were it not
for a second consideration. When work
ing at my highest speed I require six
months to complete a canvas one foot
square. Thus you may expect to have
your drop curtain in 100 years, possibly a
few months less. Do you accept my con
The manager merely stared, and Meis
"You see, monsieur, I am not over
charging you. My pictures sell at some
thing like $3500 a square jard, thus my
wages are only about $1106 a 3rear, and
3'our curtain would thus be worth some
thing more than $2,500,000. I am ready to
call it a round $1,000,000 provided-”
But the manager had seized his hat and
THE GOOD OLD DAYS
Fancy In these' days having to buy
white sand and soft soap for scrubbing
floors. Imagine buying food, such as
bacon, hanging exposed on a hook where
flies were so thick, both alive and dead,
that small boys, waiting to be served,
revelled in the delights of sweeping off
handfuls of them from the greasy coun
ters. Compare that condition with the
handsome, well ventilated, light and at
tractive grocery stores of today, with
tempting shelves of canned goods, which
include not only the staples, such
as pickles and preserves , that
are no longer novelties. but also
the most delicious and unusual
adjuncts to the meal of the epicure.
Whether truffles or turtle meat, caviare
or cheese, the taste can be accommodated,
with the highest standards of purity
and cleanliness enforced d\ *aw.
The old custom was to permit a cus
tomer to test butter and cheese by giv
ing her a dab on a lthife. This she
licked off, in this way cleaning the knife
for the next butter or cheese buyer.
Across the ceiling dried apples hung from
one year's end to the other. If they were
not thoroughly dried in the beginning,
they were certain to be so after several
months of dust baths when the boy swept
the sawdust, and after being exposed to
the heat from the kerosene lamps, the
odor of which permeated everything in
the place. This smell was augmented by
the leaky oil barrels, as likely as ritW*
to bs placed next to those holding sugar.
When one considers the enormous va
riety of crackers, suited to dainty
luncheon and tea service, the memory of
the coarse, tasteless "soda crackers ’ In
the open barrel fails to add to any desire
to live again in the days of old.
LONDON MAD OVEII MOVIES
William A. Brady in the Saturday Even
The movies craze has struck London.
That great city has gone positively mad
over it. In a short time it will Involve
some of the large metropolitan theatres.
Hammerstein's opera house has been con
verted into a moving picture palace and
ft certain man is going to build a theatre
on Oxford street to seut three thousand
persons for tills class of entertainment.
Many amusing phases have been det el
oped by the craze in that prim old coun
try. No Sunday performances are given
anywhere in Great Britain, but the mov
ing picture men have succeeded in over
coming this hidebound prejudice by de
voting part of the receipts to charity.
Nevertheless a great cry Is going up
from the church against this so-called
profanation of the Sabbath, and parlia
ment Is apt to mix In the matter at any
Like a prairie fire the craze is sweeping
into the provinces, putting out of busi
ness a large number of small traveling
companies and forcing their members to
flee—a few to London and a vast number
to the statea.
ADRIFT WITH THE TIMES
WHEN THE WEATHER'S WARM.
"Pa. what’s a post-impressionist?”
"A post-impressionist, son, is a post
man who leaves his thumb print on a let
IT REALLY GETS STRONGER.
"My wife is always giving me a piece
of her mind,” sighed Mr. Naggers.
The subject being ralher embarrassing,
Mr. PIgsticklo merely indulged in a sym
"And do you know," continued Mr.
Naggus, as his fingers closed around a
glass of whisky that was slithering over
the rim, "I was simple enough to think
twenty years ago, when she first began
giving me pieces of her mind, that some
day she wouldn't have any mind left."
A CHEERFb- PARTING.
Old March was such
A month to blow',
We don’t regret
To see it go.
A REASONABLE SURMISE.
"How did Ananias get the reputation
of being such a liar?”
”1 don’t remember. Maybe he was
the first fellow who ever went around
saying he never had a headache on the
■morning after.’ ”
“Mrs. Gabber speaks seven languages."
ALL A DREAM.
Hallroom said to the waiter,
‘Bring me a large planked steak,”
And half a second later
He found himself awake.
A CRAFTY WOMAN.
“Henry, what is the meaning of this
blonde hair on your coat?"
“My dear,” answered Henry, gulping
quickly, “you see, when 1 was coming
homo this evening the car was crowded.
A number of people were standing up. A
young woman in a blue dress, wearing
one of the new question mark hats, was
close to me and swayed against me sev
eral limes when the car turned a corner.
She was a blonde. Perhaps a strand of
her hair lodged on my coat.’
"Was she pretty, Henry?"
"Oh, no. Very homely, I assure you,"
“1 don’t believe it. Had she been a
homely girl you never would have remem
bered how she was dressed."
"Why does young Mrs. Muggins look
sad this morning?"
"Her husband is so distant."
"Is he cold to her?"
“Not at all. He's merely out of town
A SONG OF SPRINGTIME.
Glad. —New York Sun.
Gough. —Houston Post.
MIGHT FALL OUT OF BED, THOUGH.
"I dreamed last night that I was speed
ing around the world in a huge, silent mo
“That's the only absolutely safe joy
ride I ever heard of."
The long-awaited fall of Adrianople
was not given much space in the newspa
pers of this country, which was probably
clue to the fact that Adrianople fell just
about the time the waters in Ohio begun
STRICTLY FOR SHOW.
You will observe that the majority of
people who habitually make sweeping
gestures, seldom have anything useful
like a broom in their hands.
• Windows open,
Soap and suds;
Soon we’ll put on
From the New York Post.
THE law of competition holds for
the news columns. Tf the floods
In the Ohio valley had not
monopolized the attention of the coun
try for several days, more space would
have been found for the story of the
fall of Adrlanople amidst circumstances
surpassing in dramatic intensity even
the last days of Port Arthur. In the
near future we shall undoubtedly learn
more of the nature of the fighting
which resulted in the taking of a
mighty fortress as a single redout is
taken, by the onrush of charging lines
of Infantry, victors following on the
heels of the vanquished and settling
the final account, as now appears, with
in the city itself. Notable for many
reason in the history of military oper
ations, the siege of Adrlanople will
stand out because of what may be de
scribed as the tragedy of the war cor
respondent. For over five months a
garrison of more than 50,000 men was
besieged by an army which at the end
must have attained twice that number.
Platoons of newspaper correspondents
were hoveling on the Bulgarian fron
tier not much more than 20 miles away.
Yet we know little of what happened
around Adrlanople after the first two
weeks of the war, and of what occurred
within the city we know nothing. At
the beginning there were almost daily
humors of plague, mutiny, and starva
tion in the beleaguered city. Gradu
ally the rumors died of inanition, but
the inhabitants of the city held out.
Englishmen of Wellington's day actu
ally knew' more of what was going on
in the trenches around Badajos than
we of the wireless age knew of what
was going on on the banks of the
At the beginning of the war, the Bul
garian general staff was itself- badly
Informed as to the siuatlon within
Adrianople. We have the word of
Lieutenant Wagner fdr that. Fighting
In the environs of the city began on
Dctober 19, and for 10 days the Second
Bulgarian army under General Ivanoff
resorted to assault tactics. Outlying
Turkish positions were captured, but
at such heavy cost that by October 29
It was decided to blockade the city and
starve it out. Adrianople was believed
to be insufficiently provided with food,
and Its surrender was supposed to be a
matter of days. Two Bulgarian divis
ions had been assigned to the task of
reducing Adrianople. Later they were
reinforced by a third division from the
central Bulgarian army and by two
Servian divisions, one operating on the
northwest front of the fortress, the
other to the southeast. That was the
situation at the beginning of Novem
ber. As the Servians completed their
own high speed operations in Mace
donia, still more troops were diverted
to Adrianople. The Servian siege guns
admittedly played an important part
In the reduction of the city. When the
blockade was completed at the end of
Dctober, the Bulgarian allies were ex
tended in an almost perfect circle
some 35 miles in circumference. The
25 redoubts constituting the defences
of Adrianople formed an innner circle
25 miles in circumference. Full mas
tery of the inner circle w^s won by the
allies only during the last few days.
After that the contest apparently re
solved itself into something like open
Held fighting, until the final charge
of the allies brought them inside the
It was Lieutenant Wagner’s good
fortune to be an eye-witness of the last
flesperate assault delivered by the Bur
garians before they shifted to a policy
of blockade and bombardment. It was
an attack on Karagash, on the south
west from of the fortress. We can very
well Infer what happened aroung Ad
rianople during last week's three days
of battle from what the correspondenl
of the Reiehspost saw and heard at
Ivaragasl) last October:
“Denser and denser grow the Bul
garian firing lines. Again and again the
gacn spring up and dart forward with
rushes which the Turkish forces .seem
loo weak to withstand. The enemy’s
attack seems to have no success, and
their lines are now rolling back by the
burning ruins of Maras. There, as some
of the wounded tell me, tlie corpses
were piled up two yards high on each
other. The Nizams, the Turkish reg
ulars, stood up even against case-shot.
Th.e energy of the Bulgarian
advance gradually relaxed; exhaustion
mad4 itself felt even among them. Far
away one could still hear the booming
of guns. Terrible scenes were described
by those who were brought wounded
from tliis last phase of the conflict. Men
grappled and tried to stangle each other
with their hands, and there were orgies
of the mosthorrible bloodthirstiness.”
Here, as at Lule-Burgas, the Turks
gave evidence that t lie old fighting
spirit is not extinct among them. Given
food and ammunitoln, both of which
they lacked a Lulc-Burgas, they could
render account of themselves man for
man. The factor of strongly superior
numbers must not be overlooked in ac
counting for. the victories of the allies.
The fact that the Servian troops seem
to have taken almost as active a part
in the reduction of Adrianople as the
Bulgarians did, is not without impor
tance for the continuance of amicable
relations among the allies. There are
observers on the spot who have pre
dicted a recrudescence of the old Servo
Bulgarian rivarly as soon as peace is
signed. On the part of the Bulgarians
there would have been a tendency to
mininlze the role played by Servla in
the course of the war. The task that
was assigned to the Serbs in Macedo
nia was undoubtedly a lighter one than
that which confronted the Bulgatians
in Thrace, although at Kumanovo and
Monastlr the Servians utterly confound
ed the legend of their military incom
petence. But if Kumanovo and Mon
astir were the beginning, Adrianople
was the final proof. After lighting side
by-side for the conquest of the city,
Bulgars and Serbs are less likely to in*
dulge in mutual recriminations.
THE WASHER WOMAN’S SONG
In a very humble cot,
lu a rather quiet spot,
In the suds and in the soap,
Worked a women full of hope;
Working, singing, all alone, ;
In a sort of undertone,
'With a Savior for a friend,
lie will keep me to the end."
Sometimes happening along,
I had heard the sentisong.
And I often used to smile
More in sympathy than guile;
But I never said a word
In regard to what I heard,
As she sang about her friend
Who would keep her to the cud.
Not in sorrow nor in glee,
Working all day long was she,
As her children, three or four,
Played around her on the floor;
But in monotones the song
She was humming all day long,
"With the Savior for a friend,
He will keep me to the end."
It's a song I do not sing.
For I scarce believe a thing
Of the stories that are told
Of the miracles of old;
But T know that her belief
Is the anodyne of grief,
And will always be a friend
That will keep her to the end.
Just a,trifle lonesome she.
just as poor as poor could bo,
But her spirit always rose
Like the bubbles in the clothes.
And, though widowed and alone,
Cheered her with the monotone,
Of a Savior and a friend,
Who would keep her to the end.
I have seen her rub and scrub
On the washboard In the tub.
While the baby sopped In suds,
Rolled and tumbled in the duds;
Or was paddling in the pools
With old scissors stuck in spools,
She still humming of her friend.
Who would keep her to the end.
Human hopes and human creeds
Have their root In human needs;
And I would not wish to strip
From that washer woman's lip
Any song that she can sing.
Any hope that song can bring.
For the woman has a friend
Who will keep her to the sod.
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