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E. W. BARRETT Editor Entered at the Birmingham Ala., postoffice as second class matter under act of Congress March 3, 1879. Daily and Sunday Age-HeTald.... 18.00 Dally and Sunday, per month.70 Daily and Sunday, three months.. 200 Weekly Age-Herald, per annum.. .1*0 Sunday Age-Herald . S'0(l Subscription payable In advance. W. Q. Wharton and A. J. Eaton, Jr., are the only authorized traveling rep resentatives of The Age-Herald in its circulation department. No communication -will be published without its author's name. Rejected manuscript will not be returned unless stamps are enclosed for that purpose. Remittances can be made at c“rre,JJ rate of exchange. The Age-Herald will not be responsible for money sent through the mails. Address, THE AGE-HERALD, Birmingham, Ala. Washington bureau, 207 Hibbs bulld European bureau, 6 Henrietta street. Covent Garden. London, i Eastern business offioe, Rooms 48 to , to. inclusive. Tribune building, New "ifork city; western business office, tribune building, Chicago. The 8 Beckwith Special Agency, agents for eign advertising. TELEPHONE Bell (private exchange connecting .all departments), Ne. 4VM. He tbal hath no aloraacb to thin Ultbl him deport) hie paooport oholl he made, nri crown* for convoy put In bla puree) would not die In tliat man'* com pany, 'tThat feara hla fellowahlp to die with , —Kins Henry V. Free Sugar and Free Wool The two burning questions in tariff revision relate to sugar and wool. The i growers of both in this country want ; more profits. The duty on wool at [present is about 11 cents a pound and the duty on sugar is a trifle below 2 I cents. These bonuses the home grow ers naturally desire to retain, i But when wheat and other pnoducts iare put on the free list—where cotton always has been—why should not .‘.sugar and wool be put there also? >Sugar is no more entitled to a bounty i than "wheat, nor is wool any more en titled to artificial stimulation than l cotton. This seems to be the right time to put sugar and wool on the free list, because the losses in revenue can be made good in an income tax that no five-by-four decision of the supreme ’court can upset. Give the consumers a cheaper breakfast table and cheaper clothing. The democratic party stands pledged to do this, and the hope is that the President and both branches of Con gress will live fully up to the Balti more platform. Senatorial Deadlocks Abolished Tennessee has ratified the seven teenth amendment, joining Texas, Ar kansas, North Carolina and West Vir ginia. The action of Tennessee carries the number of ratifying states to 34. Pennsylvania also ratified the amend ment, and now the action of only one more state is needed. The additional atate will be Connecticut, Rhode Island or Florida. The legislature of Florida meets April 8. The house of the Rhode • Island legislature has ratified the amendment, and the senate may take • favorable action. Georgia and Delaware were the two states that opposed the amendment, ■land to this day neither knows why it [opposed a reform of the Senate on (popular lines. - The ratification of the amendment [Will make senatorial deadlocks a thing :jof the past, for each and every state [must elect its senators by direct popu lar action. The legislatures will have Ijio voice in such elections hereafter Except the vote/ that members may [cast in their respective homes. Elec itions of the Lorimer sort, and elec tions dictated by railroads or other [interest* will now pass out of the pub lic mind, and the Senate may yet be : come a rival of the House as the ‘popular branch of Congress. The pres ent Senate is being organized on popu lar and responsive lines. It has felt the coming changes, and the great revo lution may be said to be well ad vanced. _ Recognition of China The first Chinese congress is to eet next Monday, and at that time speedily afterward it is said that republic of the United States will recognize the republic of China. Pres ident Wilson has no intention of wait ing upon the action of the other pow ers, nearly every one of whom has something up its sleeve. The course of Philander Knox is not the course that Secretary Bryan frill pursue. China has long been entitled to the courtesy of formal recognition. That country is no Mexico. There are^no revolutions in China and peace is as normal there as revolution is in Mex ico. More than a year ago the Man chus were dismissed, and the people took the government into their own hands. No one foresees a return to absolutism in China. The government of Yuan Shi Kai is fully organized, and a new and progressive China is springing up. A new national spirit has arisen, and this country should encourage that spirit while showing a desire to cultivate closer relations be tween the two great republics of the world. By recognition the cause of liberty and free government could be advanced throughout the world. Fortunately Philander Knox and Huntington Wilson are no longer in power in Washington and the voice of the people of the United States can gain a hearing there. It demands a formal recognition of China at the earliest possible day. » » Revision in the Senate Every seat in the Senate will be filled when Congress meets on Mon day next with 51 democrats and 46 republicans. A working majority of six reinforced by the vice president is not a great majority, but if every democrat considers himself bound to the pledges of the last national plat form it may be sufficient for tariff revision purposes. If, however, some democrats prefer to serve local interests rather than to stand up to the pledges of the party, then the democrats will be forced to seek in the ranks of the progressives additional votes. All told there are in the two houses about 40 men with national progressive tendencies. Some have actually left the republican party but more have not. . , The Senate finance cotnmittee is keeping in touch with Mr. Underwood and the ways and means committee, and President Wilson is working cor dially with both. The hope is that real revision of the tariff to a revenue basis will be the outcome. Every dem ocrat knows that a crisis in the party is near at hand and that the battle of 1916 will really be fought in the extra session. There are other skirmishes to come, but if the party stands firmly up to its pledges in the extra sesion, all skirmishes will but serve to strengthen the party before the peo ple. __ On Thursday the Opening Day When President Baugh and Mag nate Woodward get behind Manager Molesworth and send him afield to find two .300 batters, the home fans have an assurance at once that two such hitters will be secured. Team work and pitching and fielding are all desirable, but no team can stancf high unless it is equipped with bat ters in the .300 class. Manager Molesworth will jret a pair of them in all probability, and if he does this town should begin to get ready to give him and the rest of the team a great reception on the open ing day, next Thursday. A general half holiday on that day should be de clared, so that all can give the city’s favorite outdoor sport a good send off. This city had the largest attendance at the opening game of 1912, and it can repeat its record then and in crease it this year. Three other cities propose to out do Birmingham on the opening day, but not one of them can do this if we are alert and ready. Long used to prop a bureau that In days now distant bad lost a caster, a book brought $2000 to two aged women and joy to the heart of a Washington collector of old volumes, who announced this week that another "first edition” of Edgar Allan Poe’s second work, "El Aaraaf,” had been fopnd The women, a mother and daughter, had called John T. I,oomi§, a second hand book dealer, to their rooms to look over a small library they possessed. The offering did not at / tract the man, and he was leaving, when he saw a cardboard bound volume under the edge of the bureau. "What is this?" he said, stopping. "That’s nothing," said the daughter. “It’s by Mr. Poe. He used to call on Adejine and Alvina Wolfe, two ladles who lived in Baltimore, and he gave it to them. It fell very flat when it uas published." Loomis could have had the book virtually for nothing. Instead, he gave the women $2000. A first edition copy of the work recently brought $2700 at auction. The appointment of Walter H, Page to the Knglish embassy will mean much to his (laughter, who Is on the threshold, anyway, of her debut, finishing, as she Is. her last year at Bryn Mawr, The new ambassador Is also a new grandfather. The latest congratulations now pouring in are only a second deluge, the first being occasioned by tile birth of a daugh ter about two weeks ago to Mr. and Mrs. Arthur Page (nee Mary Hall) of Boston. Arthur Page, Harvard, 'OS; Ralph W„ Harvard, '03, and Frank C., Harvard, TO, make up the remainder of the family. Frank and Ralph are on the Page cotton plantation in North Carolina. A deal with the J. P. Morgan firm, con cerning Hie proposed new Union depot In Cincinnati, will not be affected In any way by the death of Mr, Morgan, as it came up and lias advanced to Its present stage during Mr. Morgan's absence from America. The negotiations have been car ried on by Mr. W. W. Green of Cincinnati and Mr. H. P. Davidson of J. P. Morgan i & Co. Mr. Green has endeavored to in duce the Morgan house to advance J30, 000,000, purchase the franchise now held by Mr. Archie While and associates and nuance the construction of the terminal. Near Henderson, ity., John Crawford, a farmer who was washed out of Ids home by the high water, is /now living with his family on a raft which was constructed with the expectancy of this Hood. He, has cows, chickens, folder and provisions on this raft. Secretary of tabor William B. Wilson is serving without pay, Congress having failed to provide any Tor the new head uf the department. ( Taken ill with typhoid fever wb years old anfl still in bed at 80 record of Mrs. Sybllla Sehnatz. v she has done for 69 years, will r her birthday today in St. Joseph’? In Philadelphia. She holds at time records. Since her typi Mrs. Sehnatz has been unal without assistance. She has dent student of scientific 3 has a telephone at her b as seen trolleys 'and autom aer window. Her greatest a’ ays, Is to sty an aeroplane. —--% The President upset by go ing to the Union str nington to meet Mrs, Wilson. A?,. merican wife Is a real sovereign and the President did Just right. A baseball expert says the las? curve in a pitched hall has been invented. There is not another one to come, but then modi, float Ions of the old curves are still pos sible. This la the closing week of baseball prophecies, and any one who feels like winning the pennant should do so at once. Alarch was full of wind, tire, flood and blizzard. Pet us hope April will be con tent to be simply normal. Secretary McAdoo says all applications for office made to him must be filed in writing. The checks of famlnine apparel are very large, but still It is not .very ex pensive. Germany declines to stop the building of warship*. Her latest appropriation is *37, 500,000. Peaches no longer come from South Africa, for the Argentina crop is coming in. Cape Cod is now an island, and io» Oc tober South America will be one too. Even the Illinois legislature is going out of the deadlock business. Mexico and the Turco-Balkan country are chronically at war. Death Is no respecter of a mortals wealth. THE PREVENTION OF CANCER Leonard Keene Hirshberg, M. D., in Har per’s Weekly. In women there are two chief kinds of cancer, one of which has been mentioned, namely of the internal organs. The other is located in the bosom. If a woman no tices a lump in her breast, she should con sult her family physician immediately. It may be only a fibrous little scar like bunch of tissue and thus not dangerous. Then, again, it may be a cancer. In the latter case it should be removed at once. Internal cancer is recognized by hemor rhage. If the patient has a hemorrhage that cannot be clearly explained, she should report immediately to her physi sion. He will tell her whether her ail ment is a simple one or a cancer. If there ( is evidence of a growth, an operation | should be performed forthwith. This Is the news to be disseminated throughout the length and breadth of the land; to be carried to every mother, wife and sister. The United States is blessed with many well equipped hospitals and with many capable physicians and sur geons. Women suffeHng with cancer will not have to travel far from homo to ob tain the necessary medical advice or sur gical treatment. Just as soon as the women of the land are as fully educated as doctors about the first signs of cancer and about the danger of delay, and will report promptly to their physicians, just so soon from 20 to 30 per cent of them at least will be, rescued from this insidious disease. Un til a few years ago cancer was considered absolutely hopeless; Ignorance might have made it remain so, but knowledge will free you from its dangers. THE IMMORTAL CLOWN From Harper’s Weekly. Was it Catulle Mendes who asked, once upon a time: Where are the roses of the faded April? We do not know; we must, like Dr. Johnson in Boswell’s account of the lady who interrogated him concern ing a future life, “leave the matter In obscurity.” But as to the circuses of all the faded Aprils of the past, we enter tain no doubts; we can say with perfect and serene confidence that thev have all come to life again in the delectable show that everybody can now see at the gar den. Here Airil of the Young, of whom we have been speaking, has taken shape, as the creator of many wonders, in the composite person of the Messrs. Ringling, who wear with such grace and aplomb the mantle of the hallowed Barnum. Never, surely, were there such clowns as you can see disporting themselves in the garden arena. We make no apology for speaking first of our pleasure in them; for we have always regarded the clown as a completely reassuring symbol of the joy of life. So long as the clown endures, it is possible to heed tho adjuration of the tent maker, and In the Are of spring your winter garment of repentance fling. The clown is a challenge flung In the teeth of mortality. Omar’s reminiscent moon will doubtless “ . . . . hereafter rising look for us Through this same garden—and for one in vain;” ^ but tiie clown will ever stand,, unim peached and unimpeachable, as a symbol of immortality ; and at this season's circus his charm and vitality are unabated. THE (THIST \RTI8T IN I1IM.YII,I.E From the Atlanta Constitution. "One o' these new cubist’ artists came to our town on Wednesday last, and Colonel Wilkins engaged him to paint the picture of Ids mother-in-law. That good lady, never dreamin' of what was goin' to happen, took her place in her fa vorite rocking chair and told the artist— as he called himself—to go ahead, which he done, with the follerin’ result: He made one of the good lady's eye^ look like a black block on a patchwork quilt, and the other showed up like a new moon hangin' low over a graveyard; and when it come to the mouth that had long lec tured the colonel, that artist made It look like a crosscut saw gone wrong! No won dei she chased the artist two miles up the railroad track, ttll he jumped off trestle to save himself!" BURGLAR'S TOUGH LUCK From the New York Telegram. Hard forking burglar of Pittsburg be lieves he is the victim of a jinx. He stole a i*aso of slices, and after lugging the burden a mile found, on breaking the bulk, they were all lefts—a lot of drummers samples. Then be got so mad he report ed the matter to tlie pulicc us u swindle uud was arrested. N HOTEL LOBBIES Railroad Traffic ne traffic situation on our lines Is e satisfactory,” said Vice President M. Culp of the Southern Railway mpany, who spent yesterday in Bir mingham. "Freight traffic has been neavy for some months past and here In the Birmingham district I find con ditions very good indeed. “Reports from the Georgia peach belt indicate a small crop. The orchards were in good shape until the last cold snap but that did serious damage. There may be some good peaches in Georgia and Alabama but it looks now' as if the volume would be A nogligible quantity. La^t year there was a bump er crop in Georgia and it taxed the rail roads to haul it. But other crops in Georgia this year may he large enough to offset the loss from the falling off in peaches.” Destruction of Wild Flowers A representative of The Age-Herald, strolling on Red Mountain, ran across Sterling A. Wood, who lives just over the crest, and Mr. Wood, calling to him, said: “The Age-Herald is making a cam paign of education and I want it to add one more item of conservation to the schedule. As you know, my resi dence is in one of the gaps leading over Red mountain, and last Sunday evening as the sun was about to set there was a sight to make the heart of a nature lover quite sad. Numerous troops of boys and girls, old and young, and middle aged, were returning from pleasure jaunts in the forest beyond the mountain. Very many of the boys and girls had hats full of wild vio let blossoms. Those who did not have hats had their caps full. And the girls had their aprons full. There were thousands upon thousands of violets pulled that could not be saved for the purpose of any ornamentation, but pulled for the pleasure of seeing who could pull the most. Of course, none of the pleasure seekers thought that these blooms make seed, and these seed make blooms for those who come next year and thereafter. This same process has made bare all the woods and fields nearest to the city and the prooess continued will make bare those that are farthest away. “Let conservation be taught in all lines. Let us gather what we want and can use and let the remainder live un til tomorrow.” Peaches Hereabout* "I do not know how It Is in Vther sections of the south, but around Bir mingham the peach orchards are in fair condition—some of them in ex ceptionally good condition," said W. M. Lindsay. "The little freezing weather that we have had did not htfrt the buds. This week I have noticed on some of the trees peaches of considerable size. I believe that in Jefferson county we will have a normal peach crop, if not a crop above normal." Pontofflcc Primaries "The democratic electors of Gads den are to vote in a primary for a postmaster: this by the consent of Con gressman Burnett," said an old demo crat. "Also I believe it has been de cided to have a postmaster primary in Eufaula. "Where vacancies exist in presiden tial postoffices the primary is proba bly the most satisfactory way of pass ing on the merits of aspirants for the position. I have heard some persons say that all applicants for presidential postoffices should submit their claims to the voters in a party primary but t do nbt see how this plan would work except where vacancies exist. President Wilson has made it plain that post masters appointed under, the Taft ad ministration would be allowed to serve cut four years unless charges of in competency, negligence or other short comings were preferred and proved. It is safe to say that In most cases the incumbents are efficient and that few j changes will be made until the four year’s term i^. out. "There are 117 presidential post* masters in Alabama and about 3 00 of these are filled by republicans, some of whose terms have yet something like three years to run. Very many have a year or more to run. In order to establish anything like a primary system the President,, it seems to me, would have a very important voice in the matter. He would have to commit h^piself to announcing some months before the time he expected to make an appointment just when a vacancy in the office would occur—when the republican would have to step down and out. If the congressman is to be the referee in the matter of post masterships he would have to recom mend the primary plan before it could be adopted no matter what the Pres ident thought about it. In other words, the President and the congressman, to say nothing of the Postmaster General, would have to be in accord on this matter. "In the meantime ^he Gadsden situ ation will be watched with interest throughout the state." High Class Music "There Is a rapidly Increasing inter est in high class music in this coun try,” said E, A. Stavrum, who repre sents the Cincinnati symphony or chestra. “In great cities like New York, Phil adelphia and Chicago music lovers may gratify their taste twice a day and choose between several orchestras and bands, for It has become the custom for proprietors of pleasure gardens to engage large organizations for sum mer music. Even In tlie cities smaller than those mentioned one may hear a symphony orchestra play every day for weeks, if not during the whole sum mer. “The Cincinnati orchestra is engaged for the entire summer, two weeks at one place, three weeks at another, four weeks at another, etc. Our southern tour in May will be limited to one. week. “I am on my first trip south and I find in Knoxville, C’liattunooga, Bir mingham and oilier cities great inter est In the better class of music. There la a much greater percentage of musi cally educated people in every southern city, as in every northern city, than therefore more discriminating and are therefore more dlscrimnating and arc more eager to hear i lie best." St. rat rick’■ Day In Hreat Britain (According to tile newspapers pub lished in England and Ireland, last SI. Patrick’s day was observed in the old country with even more enthusiasm than usual. The London Times up to a few years ago was anti-Irish and bitterly opposed to home rule, but' this year tt issued a St. Patrick's day num ber which yas uot only a uiarvel of [newspaper enterprise but It gave strik ing evidence of its change of policy toward the Emerald Isle on the home rule question. There was a distinctly sympatheic note throughout its col umns. The Times’ Dublin correspond ent*, under date of March 17, gave this account: “St. Patricks day in Dublin was ushered in by a'cold easterly wind, and snow fell lightly at intervals during the morning. It was a bank holiday, and business of every kind was sus pended. The city was filled with visi tors, who were brought up from all parts of the country by excursion trains, and perhaps never has there been seen in the streets such a lavish display of the shamrock. Services were held in all the churches, both Protestant Xnd Roman Catholic, and in some cases sermons were preached in Irish or hymns were sung and prayers recited in the native tongue. “The principal outdoor ceremony of the forenoon was the trooping of the colour in the upper yard of Dublin castle, which in spite of the bitterly cold weather, attracted a large number of the citizens. It was carried out by the First battalion of the East Kent regiment. ‘XThe procession of the Gaelic league through the principal streets brought out large crowds in the afternoon. It was formed in Rutland square and was composed of branches of the Gaelic league in Dublin city and county, mem bers of the corporation and other public bodies, hurling and football clubs, school children, national boy scouts, some of whom carried rifles and bay onets, the Ancient Order of Hibern ians, the Foresters' society, and some ] trade bodies. A large number of flags were carried, and there were about 20 bands in the procession. Neaar the end | it was joined by a group of woman suffragists, who carried large blue and j fellow banners on which were the words ‘Votes for Women.’ They were protected by a number of policemen, and their progress through the streets was marked by vigorous hooting on the part of the spectators." DOMINANT WOMAN IN FICTION From the New York World. An editorial critic writing for the Rochester Post-Express is moved to a column of indignation over the femini zation of modern Action. Wherever he turns the pages of a new novel ho Ands the study of woman—the narrative discussion of her moods, her passions, her tendencies, her psychological con struction. It was not so with the stories of other days. It used to be that men could write books about men. Thus Fielding wrote “Tom Jones" with Amelia a8 a pleasing incident, and Richardson in “Clarissa" was able to keep his heroine second to Sir Charles Grandison. This critic sees the novel doomed un- j less it can escape from the binding apron-string. But he might acknowl- ! edge a second sight as well as a sec- ! ond thought if he would contemplate the matter of his grief as one part i of a manifestation' instead of looking1 at it as a separate issue. The larger truth is not that the novel is being feminized but that* the world about us is being alTecled in all its particulars by the advance into place and activity of a sex formerly sub merged. Woman is coming into her own in fact. That is why, for the hour at least, she is dominant in Action. She no longer submits to having a place pointed out to her and being told to stay there. We have become measurably accum tomed to the feminine invasion of what used to be masculine Aelds of industry. We are obliged to recognize the mul tiplying women in art. Undoubtedly the day is close at hand when the last political privilege will be extended to mothers, wives and sisters. The ap parent feminization of the novel will bo among the small things automati cally disposed of when the Anal great results are obtained. HOOKS FOR LOWBROWS George P. Brett in the Atlantic Maga zine. It is said that many of our Journals are qifited strictly with a view to in creasing the receipts from the advertis ing pages, with what truth I do not now; but it is certain that much of the current Action is written with a view to supplying Just the sort of thrills the public demands. Indeed, I am told that the author of a long series of "best sellers," immediately after a new work of his appears, sits in solemn conclave with his publishers and their editors and advisers, wherein the sub ject and scenes of his next effort are outlined and voted on, with a keen regard to the supposed dreams and de sires of the rising generation of read ers. Novels of merit and value, repre senting honest work and the real con victions of their authors, still from time to time make their appearance, but It Is seldom indeed that one of these Ands its v^ay into the ranks of the "six bost sellers." Their appeal is to that part of the public which still discriminates in Its reading, a smaller percentage of the whole, I fear, at pres ent, than In any recent period of our history. One is reminded of the remark of one of our best critics, himself an I author of many b^oks well known to lovers of the best literature. "I should consider myself disgraced if I had written a book which in these days had sold 100,000 copies." GRAND OPERA IN 1*09 ANGELES From the New York Evening Sun. They had grand opera in Los An geles recently. There are few cities where music is more appreciated; Los Angeles is the abode of art. When they welcome art on the coast they do not do it hesitatingly. We have been Interested in the fact that when the curtain rose on tlie opening night the singers were blazed upon by a California lady who had put on $363, 400 worth of diamonds for the occasion. The Los Angeles papers print modest catalogs of the $55,000 necklaces, $25, 000 rings, et cetera.* The singers, to their credit, after the first few moments of alarm, did not miss a note, singing the last U*ree acts of the performance in "blinkers” and smoked glasses. The diamonds were in great voice and were accompanied by the special orchestra carried by the opera company. The incidental music was written by Wagner. One of the most enjoyable duets of the whole evening was a pair of dia mond drop earrings, rated at $20,000. Among others present were seven rings worth $98,000. The taste for art is growing in the country generally; the coast especially no longer accepts the verdict of New York and Europe, but forms its opinions independently. This man Wagner is a favorite in An geles, for instance. One of til* hair or uameuu wan woitfc .$12,000. J ADRIFT WITH THE TIMES MISSING THE SUN No cloudless skies look down today, The heavens lower, dull and gray, And every vale and every hill, And every gilding, glancing rill. Reflecting nature’s somber mood, Doth like the sighing forest brood, Whose gloomy arch puts joy to rout And shuts the golden sunshine out. A PROBLEM PLAY "I have a new Idea for a play." "Tell me about It." "The villain Is going to steal a cubist’s picture." “Umph! You'll have the dickens of a time explaining why he ever wanted to do that.” TIME FOR DIPLOMACY “Do you suppose a demonstration by the powers will have any effect on the Montenegrins?" “Well, it ought to have a very pro nounced effect. If a giant 50 feet high were to shake his fist at a pigmy, I | should think it would be high time for the pigmy to give the giant a polite hearing." EXPLANATORY "I could not love thee, dear, so much, Loved t not honor more,” Was writ by one who ne’er went out And loudly slammed the door. But do not form a false surmise, And let this truth he said: The man who sang that graceful song In life was never wed. OTHER MATTERS FIRST How many men would win great fame And climb to heights sublime, —k If they, who love a baseball game, Could only find the time! WHAT HE DESERVES The man who thinks he knows it all Is apt some day to have a fall, But when he does we shed no tears— In fact, his plight’ our bosom cheers, / SYMPTOMS Swe^t spring is here, 1 know It by The blossoms on the lawn; And also every morning, I Just yawn and yawn and yawn. IN' THE HOSPITAL, NOW "EilTklns, the bard, stood In the street yesterday waiting for a thought to strike him." "Well, did a thought strike him?’’ "N’o, but an auto did.” NOT A GOOD CITIZEN That man must bo Extremely narrow, Who won’t agree To swat the sparrow. —Birmingham Age-Herald. That man must be Prepared to die, Who won’t agree To swat the liy, —Cincinnati Enquirer. OIR FAVORITE "THRILLER” In reading news We’re simply tireless, When helpless crews Are saved by wireless. PAl’L COOK. BIGGEST JOB ON EARTH G.RJ3AT as has been the growth of tho country during the last half century, the growth in the size and importance of the government lias been out of all proportion greater. Its functions have multiplied, the scope of its concerns has infinitely widened; the field of its activity inconceivably ex tended. Whereas, half a century ago— indeed, a generation ago—a citizen was conscious of his connection with, the fed eral government seldom except when he went to tlie postoffice, voted for a con gressman once every two years, or re flected on the basis of the value of his money, today he feels its hand practical ly every moment of his life—whenever he opens his mouth for food or drink, whenever he boards a train, whenever he makes a purchase, or has reason to prognosticate the weather., An article in The World’s Work fo^ April by William Bayard Hale shows some of tho diverse activities of the great machine of which Mr. Wilson lias just taken charge. Today the govern ment over whiefa he comes to preside is an affair of such magnitude; the ex tent, the size, the importance, tlie reach, the diversity of the duties of the Presi dency have in the course of our na tional evolution become so prodigious; the White House at Washington lias be come the centre of so great a system, an organization, an authority, unprece dented in the history of political institu tions—that Mr. Wilson, in taking up the task they impose, did well to fortify his oath with the customary devout invoca tion of superhuman aid in the words with which George Washington, with far less reason, began his terms: "So help me God.” In 1856, when Woodrow Wilson wa s born, the United States were 34; today they are 48. Then, we possessed no out lying territory. Today, we have Alaska, Porto Rico, the Panama canal zone, the Philippines, Guam, Hawaii, and the Tu tuila islands—more than 3000 islands. Our population then was 28,000.000; now it is 110,000. In 1856, the country possessed 22,000 miles of railroads; today, 250,000. Then not a telegraph instrument clicked, not a telephone bell tinkled. That year the people of the United States spent $7,000, 000 for postage stamps; this year we shall spend $250,000,000—and stamps are cheaper, too. Under Franklin Pierce an attempt to “classify” the civil service enumerated 722 men and women. Then, the total civil establishment of tho United States num bered about 25,000 people. Under Wood row Wilson the civil service has passed beyond enumeration; no complete regis ter of it is attempted, hut in its last report the civil service commission re cords 236,061 in the classified service, and counts 395,460 civil employes—not to men tion more than 150,000 others whose whole time is not taken by the government. More than half a million men and wom en arc required to carry on the activities over which President Wilson is chief superintendent—145,000 more to fill the ranks of the army and navy. The civil salary list under Pierce was $20,000,000 a year; today It is 20 Hmes $20,000,000. When the present President was in his cradle, tho President of the day an swered his own letters. Today tho White House staff includes 40 secretaries and clerks. The year in which Woodrow Wilson was born, the expenses of the Unltod States government amounted to <75,647, 171. In 1912 its cost was <901,257,979. The receipts of the government In 1856 were <80,000,000;" last year they amounted to $970,000,000. Even In the year that Woodrow Wil son attulned his majority the govern ment In which he then attained to a voice was an affair for which Congress was called on to appropriate only <325, 000,000. Last year It appropriated more than <1,000,000,000. It was only yesterday, only a dozen years ago, that the cry, “a billion dollar Congress,” startled the country. Nowadays a Congress spends two billions. These are but swift and desultory glimpses at a few of the multlpllcate and diverse works in which the government of the United States is engaged. They can servo only to hint at the weight of tlie task which Woodrow Wilson now takes up. The President of the United States to day is second to no sovereign as a force In international affairs. The friendship of our government is wooed assiduously by the other great powers; many a start ling story could be told ot offers sent by European and Asiatic chancellors to Presidents and secretaries of state. So long as we remain In possession of the Philippines we are necesarily- Involved In the vastest and most delicate rivalries of the powers. So long as anarchy is permitted to reign In Latin America we are exposed to dangers from every source of danger. For a long time the secretary of statu was premier in the cabinet only. formally and not In fact. Today tho wisest mind at tho command of tlie President is actually needed in the for eign .office. Tet, after ail, tlie moro pressing nnd vastly more extensive tasks of the gov ernment are within our own borders. The fact Is, government has become a thing ttiat comes far nearer home to the people, touches them at multiplied points, lafe lias grown so complicated that, it is no longer possible to expect tlie indi vidual to do for himself what was easy In simpler times. Now as President Wil son writes on another page of The World’s Work: "It is perfectly clear to every man who has any vision of the immediate future, who can foiecast any part of it from tlie indications of tho present, that we are Just upon the threshold of a lime when the systematic life of this country will bo sustained, or at least supple mented. at every point by governmental activity." AT THE ’l’OM 11 OF JONAH From tho Christian Herald. The site of Nineveh is almost perfectly level. But adjoining tho western wa1' are two huge mounds concealing the pal aces of the greatest kings of Assyt'ld, The lower or southern mound is occupied by a mosque and a village of consid erable size. Its name is Nehi Tunis, or tlie Prophet Jonah, for in tho mosque is the tomb in which Jonah Is said to have been buried. The age of the tomb is uncertain, yet probably it dates from long after tlie Hebrew prophet's time. However, the place Is now sacred, so Sacred that pilgrims visit it from afar. I rode up tlie steep, narrow streets of the village of the mosque, and to the amazement of the natives I dismounted and entered the mosque yard. A crowd of excited men quickly surrounded me. To a priest I explained that I had come to see the grave of Jonah and with a motion of tlie hand I made it under stood that he would lie rewarded. Ite moving my .shoes, I followed the priest through a dark passageway. There he pointed to a wall and said that tlie tomb was Just beyond. I wished to en ter the prayer room from which tlie tomb itself might be seen, but the place was considered fur too sacred for my profane feet. However, the few Chris tians who fiave been permitted to see the tomb may look only through a small window Into a dark chamber In which a » cloth covered mound Is scarcely dlscern able. It Is said that no moslem even will enter tlie inner shrine. ONE ON THE CAHDINAL, From Judge. During a visit In his elmrchly capa city through southern Maryland, Cardi nal Gibbons was entertained by the or der of Jesuits at I .poor rd town. That part of the state is famed for Its dia mond hack terapin, canvashack duck, oysters, crabs and fish, and a sumptuous table was spread before the cardinal. During the repast, the cardinal turned to a priest near him and said, with a twinkle in his eye, "So this is the way the Jesuits dine!" "No. your eminence," replied tlie / priest; "this is the way the cardinal dines!" TRAINING AN OltlK.M'H, From Judge. A Canadian woman wanted to show her Chinese servant the correct way to Announce visitors, and one afternoon went outside her front door, rang the bell, and made the man usher her Into the drawing room. The following afternoon the bell rang, and not hearing him answer It, she went to the door herself. To her surprise, he was standing waiting outside. "Why, Slug." sho asked, "what are you doing here?” "you foolee me yesteddy. I foolee you today,” was his reply. THE TIME I’VE LOST IN WOOING By Thomas Moore. The time I've lost in wooing, In watching and pursuing The light that lies # In woman's eyes, Has been my heart's undoing. Though wisdom oft has sought* me I scorn’d the lore she brought me, My only books Were woman's looks, And folly's all they\e taught me. Her smile when beauty granted, I hung with gaze enchanted, I.lke him the sprite Whom maids by night Oft met In glen that's haunted, • l,lke him, too, beauty won me, But while her eyes were on me, If once their ray Was turned away, Oh! winds could not outrun me. And are those follies going?” And Is my proud heart grooving Too cold or wise For brilliant eyes Again to set It glowing? No—vain, alas! th' endeavor From bonds so sweet to sever; Poor wisdom's chance Against a glance la upw gs weak as ever.