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' Farmers Feel Exodus of Workers to Cities * EDUCATION IS BLAMED 1 * I Same Contend Villases Too Slow for Tlllerti—High Wages Toll to Keep Young Men and Women at Home By P. X. CULLEN Dublin, April 20.—(Special.)—One of the most serious problems confronting Ire land at present Is the dearth of rural labor. For years Amorlca, and to a loss oxtent, the British colonies, have been draining the countryside of the flower^ Of Its young manhood and womanhood end although emigration Is now much smaller than It was some years ago the reserve to be drawn on Is also smaller end the lack of labor Is now becoming a most serious matter for the Irian farmer. So serious has It become Indeed that In many districts, notably in County Dublin and In the rich lands of tho midland counties, farmers are steadily reducing the area devoted to tillage anil giving up more and more land to grass which, of course, requires fewer rnen to work It. , The soarolty of labor Is reflected In the wages earned by agricultural laborers. Half a doxen years ago excellent work men could* be contained by farmers at from 32. SO to S3 a week, with food and a cheap cottage. Today the ruling rate Is from 33.00 to 34 a week and the farmers complain that the men they get for these wages are not nearly so efficient as those obtainable five or six years ago. "Six years ago," said a County Dublin farmer, the other day, to your corre spondent, "If I wanted a ploughman I cculd go to the fair and take my pick of a doxen good men who knew their work. Today I am lucky If I And one man out of a job and If I do I don’t Inquire too closely into his experience. If he looks able-bodied I hire him and take in.v chance of teaching him his work after I get him." An Interesting experiment has been tried In the last year or two by a num ber of farmers living near the large towns. They went to the government labor exchanges and applied there for men. They got men of a kind, but some of them hardly knew a spade from a hoe, and many wore purely city bred ami knew nothing about the land. Neverthe less the farmers were glad to get them and are repeating tho experiment tills spring. Another cause of the rural depopula tion which Is, however, not so potent in SUFFRAGIST BEAUTY CONTEST FOR MAY DEMONSTRATION / MISS ' f e SILK The above are some of the young women chosen to take part In the suf fragette pageant on May 2 at New York. '*• A score or more of tho most beautiful young women are wanted to appear In tableaux and dances, and suffragists were invited to come and apply. All day Monday and Tuesday hundreds of them stood up for Inspection, but only ibout forty of that number were ac tepted. Some were too short, others too tall, a few were too fat and the rest were disqualified for one reason or mother. - Delegates from all over the country will be in New York for the “Votes for lYomen” demonstration, and recruiting ■ now going on for the snffragette tarade on May 3. r1— - »viiec. c. H. POPE V/ / M'SS Eleanor V WELLS I——T. . l PtloV^ <a»ot*qE ~~ 1 MI5S NEVSA MOI5AN McME!fM ttvlRs »MOTO MBS AICTHUIS 'VtLLIAM BROWN MfcS. O. CUAELK BAUCH *V aaataaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaataaaaaaac* Ireland as In England, is the exodus from the countryside to the towns. Ire land, of course, has not so many large centers of population as the sister king dom, bnt even in Ireland the lure of the towns is felt by the young men and women. Many of the farmers blame the growth of education for this. The ehil iprur IN COMPARISON with the people who love music, there are only a few who are profi cient enough to play just what and when they want to. That is—there were only a few so fortunate before tAROLA INNER-PLAYER pianos were made. How different today! If you have a Carola Inner-Player in your home, you have the music of all ages at your absolute command. This wonderful in strument beautifully responds to the will of the player, faithfully and so easily giving expression to every detail of shading desired. No necessity for weary hours of prac tice, no long weary waiting until sight reading has been accomplished, no disappointments at failures—just an immediate possession of the ability of the trained musi cian, as soon as your Carola Inner-Player is in your home. Consider further the important educational value of the Carola Inner-Player. Not alone can you gain an in telligent understanding of music, though being able to render at will, the music you wish to study—if there are children in your home, the Carola will cultivate their musical perceptions betteV than most teachers could with several years instructions. In addition to the wonderful advantages, the Carola Inner-Player can he used just as an ordinary piano when ever you wish. It is pure and sweet in tone, built more durably than the ordinary piano, and much more to be desired. Have one sent out this week and pay for it con veniently. You are cordially invited to come to our new salesrooms and play a Carola Inner-Player—try the various new hand playe* records of master musicians and then Judge for yourself of the merits oT this instrument. Vo are.the only dealers in Alabama who can show you the genuine Carola Inner-Player Piano. THE SOUTH’S GREATEST PIANO HOUSE Holde- VieMw-Rurton 1814-1816 SECOND AVENUE TORNADO INSURANCE i unis v. CLARK & CO. RAL INSURANCE dren read and learn of the attractions of the city and, as soon as they are able, or cape from the deadly dullness of the villages. The brightest and. best do well, but the unskilled laborers often suffer terribly in times of slack trade and un employment, but even then they are us ually unwilling to return to work on the hind. An old laborer describing the situ ation of his son, who is a street car driver in Dublin, said: “He has a clean life of it*and he is his own man when his work is done. I am in the muck all the time and my work Is never done. Ho would be a fool to come back.” Many of the farmers •complain, too, ti:al education has not improved the men who remain on the land. “They don't think of their work now." said one farmer. “The best man I have cannot write his name, but he knows mere about the beasts and the crops than all the rest put together, and he uses more intelligence in his work. T could t-ust him with the whole farm if 1 had to.“ Incentives to Stay One hopeful feature is the* working of the laborers' cottages act, by which the county councils provide comfortable cot tages with half an acre or so of land at tached at a very low rent for rural la borers. The farmers declare that It keeps the men on the land and gives them more interest in their work. “Every spare moment my men have.” said one large farmer, “they are work ing on their own land and I know where to find them when I want them. They work better for me, too, for' what they learn on their own little plots Is useful and they appreciate the little help I can give them in the way of free manure, teed potatoes and such things. Tt makes a better feeling all around, and If we had more laborers’ cottages I believe our ycung men would be more likely to stay at home.*’ The same man is also a keen advocate of the erection of village recreation halls, moving picture shows, concerts, dances and similar amusements, for he believes that if the boys and girls can find plenty of recreation in the villages they wiil not be so anxious to go to the towns. There is no doubt that agriculture is an attractive calling now financially to the laboring class in Ireland. A wage of $4 a week, with a cottage at 25 or SO cents a week and free milk ami vegetables is I worth a lot more in the country than $> a v.eek, which is ihe average wage for unskilled labor, is in the towns. Rents are higher, food Is dearer and there are no extras In the city. Tlie farmer.*^ are hoping that with higher wages, better cottages and more amusements the present crisis may be overcome. WALLACE BACK FROM TRIP TO FLORIDA Delivered Address to Joint Session of Legislature on Working of the Alabama Game Laws Montgomery, April 26.—(Special.)—John H. Wallace, Jr., state game and fish com missioner, has Just returned from Tal lahassee, where he addressed the house and senate of the Florida legislature, In joint session, on the subject of conser vation Wednesday night. A bill almost identical to the Alabama game law had already been introduced in the house, and had received a favorable report. Like the Alabama statute, the bill contemplates the creation of a game and fish department, witli^game wardens In the various counties of the state. The hunter's license fee proposed Is as fol lows: County', $1; state, $3, and non-resi dent, *2f>. In his address before the two houses of the legislature Mr. Wallace said local game and fish laws were failures for the reason that there was no way In which to secure their enforcement, declaring that local laws were only Imaginary laws. It Is understood that there Is a strong sentiment In Florida favorable to the en actment of the law on the house calendar. A large number of the Florida legis lators, said Mr. Wallace, wore formerly Ala bamlans. Mr. Wallace returned from Florida to Osark, where on Friday ho delivered a memorial address under the auspices of tlie Dale County Radies' Memorial asso ciation. The memorlul exercises were held on Friday to enable the merchants to attend without inlerfcrence with the large volume of business that Is there on Saturday. Love, Perhapg From the Chicago Reconi-Herald. ‘'Mrs. Blltherton must be Awfully In love with her husband." "Why do you think so?" "She calls him up by telephone at least a doaen times a day.” "I wonder what the rascal has been Aotug to irouse tkt eu*plc*pns." i HARE COURSING AT ETON TO CONTINUE Reverend Master Declines to Prohibit Cruel Hunt REASONS EXPLAINED Master in Reply to Humanitarians Declares Killing of Hare Keeps His Youthful Charges From Undesirable Activities London, April 26.—(Special.)—Almost under the walls of Eton college a scene was enacted recently which for sheer biutality It would be hard to beat. A hard pressed hare which the boys of the college had been hunting with a pack of houndbs (or beagles), maintained at the college for this purpose, twice swam the liver with the pack close behind P.nd half a hundred boys yelling like fiends on (he banks, and was in the act of swimming it a third time when it was pulled under and killed amid tho enthusiastic cheers of the young Eton ians who, of course, are mostly the sons of noblemen and other aristocrats and form the nucleus of the “ruling class’’ of the future In this country. This termination to the regular week ly run of the “Eton Beagles” was a lit tle more brutal than usual, but not much more. The “Eton Beagles,” which are supported by subscriptions, nearly always succeed in “killing,” as the phrase goes, when the carcase of the slaughtered hare is whirled triumph antly round the he^d of the chief boy “Whip” and torn to pieces by the yelp ing pack amid whoops of triumph from a gloating *field.” A similar tri umph of the Eton beagles, it may be remembered, was recalled by that noble sportsman. Lord Rossmore, in his recent book or reminiscences in these words: “One of the prettiest things f ever sew was a hare, very hard pressed, that took to the water and swain right out ii to the middle with all the hounds after her. but she v.as, unfortunately, so beat that she was drowned from sheer exhaustion half wiy across.” The latest exhibition of brutality at Eton has shocked humanitarians, and an Influentially signed petition was pre sented, the other day, to Canon Lyttle ton, the reverend headmaster of Eton college, begging him to do away with the pastime of hare hunting at Eton, on the ground that lta effect is "to stimulate cruelty among the young.” This, by the way, Is by no means the first petition of the kind that has been i laid before a "head" of the famous col lege with a similar object, others in the past having been signed by Herbert Spencer, Sir Frederick Treves. Sir A. Conan Doyle, the late Lord Wolselcy, and other famous men, but all without avail. After due refletclon. Canon l.y ttleton, who himself is the so'n of a lord, has re plied to the petition with a letter In which he declines to do awa with the "beagles," and an exceeding remark able letter It Is. To begin with, this man of God, who before becoming bead master of Eton, was Hon. Canon of St. ; Albans, and who Is thd author, amongst j other books, of one called Studies in the Sermon on the Mount, asserts thai far from there being an increase In cru elty amongst English boys, many edu cators are not without misgiving at the almost unnatural gentleness of thu modern schoolboy compared with his forefather.” "How insignificant, then says the canon, "must the influence f this kind of hunting have been in the opposite direction!’’ Then this amazing ecch-sinstlc, who, It is an open secret was muds head mas ter of Eton chiefly because "r the blue ness of his blood and not any spe cial gifts as a scholar, goes on to givn as his reason for refusing to do away with the organized hare coursing at Eton his belief that to pm it a "cru sading spirit against cerium birds and animals which Is certain t" 1 xist among the young, la likely to goad it into un desirable forms of activi' In other words, the Eton boys nu ’ he allowed to hunt the hare lest, to gratify their inborn passion \ tar the chase, they slug bigger game id mac rs! afraid, too, lest he may "create a schism” between fathers and sons if he does away with the Eton beagle?. "There is the fact,” says he, "i hat our boys come from homes where the instinct alluded to receives ample and incessant encouragement, so that, besides alienating the boys by legisla tion to them wholly unintelligible, the head master would alienate a great many parents, which Is not nearly so Important as the further fact that he would be doing his utmost to create a schism between fathers and sons." Another satirist remarks that, "after reading Canon Lyttelton's Ingenious rhetoric,” lie "rejoices to think that there is a great future before Eton as a seminary for budding theologians." PRIMARY WILL NOT BE HELD FOR PLACE Burnett Announces Gadsden Post master Will Not Be Selected That Way Gadsden. April 26.—(Special.)—The all absorbing question In Gadsden as to whether a primary would he held for postmaster has been settled by Congress- * man John L. Burnett. None will he held, according to an official announcement received today from Mr. Burnett. Can didates are asked to forward their In- 1 dorsements to Mr. Burnett before May I 13. He denies the report that he has de cided upon whom he will recommend for ■ the place. Erick Hope, the young white man who is charged with having stolen a horse and buggy at Attalla, and with having sold it to a fanner, was caught last night in Birmingham and brought to the county jail here this morning. The capture was made by Chief of Police Leatli, assisted by Bobie Lee Christo pher, after a long search on the crowded streets of Birmingham. Hope admits his guilt to Chief Leatli. At a meeting in the courthouse this morning of Emma Sansom camp, United Confederate veterans, arrangements were completed for attending the reunion at Chattanooga. An attempt will he made1 to send every veteran in Etowah count} to the reunion this year. The drouth of three weeks was broken lust night and corn and cotton already planted will make an excellent stand. Committees from Rome, riano, Cave Springs, Center and Gadsden will meet here next Friday to plan for a prelim inary survey of tho projected Inteurban line between Gadsden and Rome. The body of Vines Smith, who commit ted suicide during a period of Insanity yesterday morning by plunging Into the Coosa river, was discovered late In the afternoon and taken to the home of Mrs. Dunwoody, his sister, where it was pre pared for burial. The first examination for fourth class postmaster was held here today to fill a 'ncaney at Cedar Bluff. Thames F. Bur nett, T. R. Lawrence and Emory C. Fry are the applicants. At the meeting of the directors of the Merchants and Farmers hank at Boar. yesterday, E. M. Tajoney resigned as cashier and D. K. Searcy was chosen his successor. N*oah Sweat, a miner, has filed suit against the Standard Steel company for $5()ao in the circuit court, for injuries al leged to have been received In a prema ture explosion in the Crudup mines of the company. A. R Goodhue has been chosen to de liver the commencement address at Koaz Monday night, May 12. • - The Gadsden team will cross bsts Mon day with Howard College at League park. Tracy J.ay, deputy consul general at London will deliver an address to the Chamber of Commerce Monday night. Dr. George W. Read will leave here tomorrow for Dallas, Tex., where he will represent tlje North Alabama conference at the Edncatlonal conference. Her Dilemma From the Boston Evening Transcript. Mrs. Newedd (excitedly)—Oil, John, dear, please hurry and send off a tele gram for me. Newedd—What's the matter? Mrs. Newedd—Why, I'm taking a cor respondence course in cooking and the cake J made is running all over tho oven. T want to telegraph them quick tv find out what to dp. DEPARTMENTAL CONFERENCE AT SOCIOLOGICAL CONGRESS Atlanta, April 26.—Today's session of the Southern Sociological congress. In convention here, was given over entirely j j to departmental conferences, at which the ; j divisions of the congress considered sepa 1 lately the respective features of social service assigned them for discussion. Pub lic health, courts and prisons, child wel fare, organized charities, race problems, and the church and social service were considered at the various conferences. The public health conference, over which Dr. VY. S. Rankin of Raleigh, N. C., presided, took up in detail the public health provisions contained in the statutes of various southern states, and considered possible methods of reform. Dr. Scale Harris of Mobile, secretary of the South ern Medical association, urged the neces sity of full time county health officers in conserving the health of rural dis tricts. Dr. John H. Dewitt of Nashville, who presided at the conference on courts and prisons, made a plea for the abolition of convict lease and contract systems, and for the extension and improvement of juvenile courts and*reformatories. The principal speakers before the child welfare section were Dt\ A. J. McKelway of Washington, its chairman, and Dr. Hastings H. Hart, director of tlie child helping department of the Russell Sage foundation. New York. M. A. Aurebach of Little Rock and Prof. Oharles S. Potts of the University of Texas addressed the conference on organized charities, which was presided over by ,F. C. Logan oT At lanta. Race problems were considered at a conference presided over by I)r. .lames IT. Dillard of New Orleans, while the relation of the church to social service was discussed at a conference presided over "by Dr. John A. Rice of Fort Worth, Tex. Tomorrow afternoon the entire congress will be In general session. Characteristic Buildings in New York From the New York livening Post. Mr. Lowell's Roman county court house, surrounded by modern office buildings and other public edifices, Is. after nil, 1n harmony with the main trend of the architectural development of the lower end of Manhattan. What we appear destined to see Is that part of the city divided up into open places, with one example of the older architec ture aa a focus, and about it the great monoliths which are our own peculiar contribution to the building art. Al ready we have Trinity church yard, with its 18 century spire encompassed by office buildings. Further north there is gt. Paul’s enclosed with a scheme that Includes the Singer tower, the City Investing building, the Hud son terminals and the Park Row build ing A step further and we have the city hall In the Impressive frame of the Woolworth building, the municipal building, the World and Tribune offices ami the new tail structures on the north side of Chambers street. Sym pathetic visitors from abroad have schooled themselves to like our sky scrapers as the most characteristic ex pression of our national genius in architecture. But still more character istic1. perhaps, is the combination of foreign ideals and native in a new pattern of boldy assimilated part*. A Doubtful Programme From tlie Washington Star. “Of course, the office ought to seek the man." "T don’t know about that." replied Senator Sorghum. “A man who stands around 'waiting for an office to seek I him probably wouldn't have energy I enough to do anything with it if It came his way." % Phone Arisv'MC' Phone 1001 -nuu//t5 1001 Drug Company “JSy Serving Well Those Cus tomers We Had, We Attracted Others We Knew Not Of" We serve all the popular drinks, and serve them right—just the proper amount of syrup—not too much ice—not too much or too little of anything. That is why we keep three dispensers always at work—to serve everyone, even at the busiest moments, promptly and well. “Adams” is the “buy” word for good drinks. “The Sleepless Store in The Heart of the Towns Heart" Wind swept streets and April showers sometimes play havoc with feminine finery. The E & W process of dry cleaning is the surest and safest. It takes a third more time to clean the E & W way. Careful, thorough work—perfect work. And the process is odorless. E & W Dry Cleaning 410 N. 20th St. Phone 3230 The Potlatch In Motion Pictures Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday Victoria Theatre 307 North 20th Street We kindly request the ladies and children j to visit us in the afternoon and thus avoid j the immense night crowds.