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E. W. BARRETT.Editor Entered at the Birmingham, Ala., postoffice as second class matter under act of Congress March 3, 1879. Daily and Sunday Age-Herald.... $8.00 Daily and Sunday, per month.... 70 Daily and Sunday, three months.. 2.00 Weekly Age-Herald, per annum.. .50 Sunday Age-Herald. 2.00 Subscriptions payable in advance. W. H. Overbey and A. J. Eaton. .Jr., are the only authorized traveling repre sentatives of The Age-Herald in its cir culation department. No communication will be published without its author’s name. Rejected manuscript will not be returned unless stamps are enclosed for that purpose Remittances can be made at current rate of exchange. The Age-Herald will not be responsible for money sent through the malls. Address, THE AGE-HERALD, Birmingham, Ala. Washington bureau, 207 Hibbs build ing. European bureau, 5 Henrietta street. Covent Garden, London. Eastern business office, Rooms 48 to iO, inclusive, Tribune building, New York ■''city; western business office. Tribune building. Chicago. The S. C. feeckwith Special Agency, agents for eign advertising. TELEPHONE Bell (private exchange connecting all department*), No. 4DQO. They dropp’d, a* by a tliunder-strojic. —Tom peat. The Park Concerts The Music Study "club, by whose ef forts Birmingham has enjoyed open air music in the summer during three seasons past, will, it is understood, ar range for park concerts again this summer. The fund raised in 1912 was not as large as that in 1911. The Music Study club is composed of prominent and public spirited women and their appeals last year were urgent but somehow individuals did not respond as liberally as they had before. The money collected last summer came chiefly from three or four sources, the Birmingham Railway, Light and Power company and the Tennessee company being the largest contribu tors. The city appropriated $500, the Music Study club made a generous contribution and there were a few other donations but the total was not sufficient to continue the concerts to the end of summer. It is believed that the present time is propitious to raise a larger fund than was collected in 1911, which was the banner open air concert year. The Music Study club committee interested in this popular civic enterprise should be able now to raise a fund of $4000 or $5000, which would employ a band of 25 or 30 musicians for daily con certs through a season of nine nr ten weeks. The city should be able to ap propriate $1000 instead of $500, the Birmingham Railway, Light and Power company will doubtless increase its subscription and individual sub scriptions will, it is hoped, be more numerous than they were last sum mer. Whatever is done in the way of pro viding for summer concerts should be done without delay. In order to ob tain first class band talent the com mittee in charge of the open air mu sic should be able to make a contract with a banumes.er early in June. The concerts shoul i Mart not later than June 20, even if the season ha? to close before the last of August. Members of the Can't-Get-Away club congregate in Capitol park in large numbers early in the summer and they crave music. In every city of any pretentions park concerts have come to be recognized as indispensable civic institutions. Birmingham must not be behind. Fees in High School In Connecticut a bill is pending in the legislature requiring a fee of $10 from all pupils in high schools and trade schools. Germany does, it is true, exact a fee from all who attend fear technical schools, but what Ger many does America need not do. The prosposed Connecticut plan is wholly reactionary and it will no doubt command the support of every family that expects to send sons and daughters to college. Such families do not believe in paying for the high er education of anybody else. In Birmingham the number of high school pupils is constantly increas ing and the party that proposes to charge them a fee will encounter an opposition that he would find very formidable. The high school is de veloping into a public college and if well maintained it will arrive at that point in another decade. The Connecticut plutocrats may see little good in public colleges but in Alabama there will be no fees in high schools or trade schools. Whatever the public does in the way of edu cation should be open and free to all. Mr. Taft’s Treaty of 1911 Governor Johnson of California has signed the Webb bill, and this means that the diplomatic stage of the Jap anese question has been or soon will be opened at Washington. This stage of the issue may cover months of time, and there is no occasion for rumors or for agitation or for as saults of any eort while it is going on. The American side of the question la known to be in competent hands, and we can afford to await the out come. Beyond all doubt both sides will favor the framing of a new treaty. It will be difficult to draw up a treaty that will be satisfactory to the. sen sitive people of Japan and to Ameri cans who are prejudiced against the yellow races of Asia. But perhaps the task is not beyond human effort, and Secretary Bryan will certainly en deavor to find a good way out. It would be better to all concerned to drop the subject during the com ing months of this year. Give the Secretary of State that much time in which to find a solution of a problem that really was left over by the Taft administration. The treaty with Japan was negotiated by Mr. Taft, and it has been a source of trouble and fric tion ever since it was ratified. m .- ■■ - ■ ■ — Direct Klection of Senators A reform begun in 1836 in the House and in 1850 in the Senate has | in 1913 been consummated, and sen ators are to come hereafter direcly from the people. An agitation of 62 years was necessary in order to put this reform in the constitution. Reform propositions promise to move with more celerity in the future, however. There is the entire machin ery of electing a President and vice president which was so reactionary when it was announced that it was discarded and disregarded to all in tents and purposes, is still a part of the constitution. It nearly led to a muddle in the last Roosevelt cam paign, and under it the presidency was stolen from Samuel J. Tilden, who re ceived not only a plurality but a ma jority of the popular votes. How much longer this antiquated plan is to remain in the constitution remains to be determined by Congress next winter. The states stand leady to act speedily on a reasonable and just method of electing a President and the eighteenth amendment may be laid before the people before the long session of this Congress stands adjourned without day. Kenny Postage Looming Up Congressman Lewis of Maryland says the demand for penny letter postage is spreading throughout the country. Merchants and business men want it and Congress will probably be asked to authorize it in the course of the next five years. t As things stand at present it would create a postal deficit of $50,000,000, and he expects to see the parcel post developed until it alone would cancel even such a deficit. It is purely a question of finances. Mr. Lewis recognizes the fact that the low price charged for second clam mail has come to stay. Such mail is carried at an actual loss, but news papers and magazines cannot afford as a class to pay higher rates, and so letter postage must be fitted to the Situation. Penny letter postage will come speedily if the parcel post service is developed to a point that will meet and overcome a deficit of $50,000,000. The proposed change depends upon that. The parcel post promises to be come a great branch of the postal service and the time will surely come in this great country when it will wipe out almost any deficit. The Tal-Sho Tenno Is the official name of the Emperor of Japan. President Wil son In his message of sympathy addressed the Emperor as Yoshlhito, but this form of address is peculiar to foreign usage. It was doubtless correct in a message of this character, but in Japan the present Emperor is always known as the Tal-Sho Tenno. The Emperor was born on Au gust 31, 1879. He became Emperor on July 30, 1912. He was the third son of Ills father, his brothers having died each in babyhood. The present Emperor was proclaimed heir apparent on August 31, 1837, and crown prince on November 3, 1889. He was married on -May 10, 1900, to Princess Sadako, fourth daughter of the late Prince KuJo. There are three sons of the union. The Emperor when a child suffered constantly with illness, and when a youth his health for a time was considered to be in a very precarious state, but his treatment by Dr. Erwdn O. E. von Baelz, an eminent German who had been appointed physician to the im perial household, improved his condition to such an extent that in later years, al though far from robust, he has been spared the almost continuous sufferings of Ills youth and younger manhood. Jewels belonging to the estate of Mrs, Mary T. Letter, widow of Levi Leiter, a Chicago merchant, were appraised in Washington at $104,682. but a court offi cial, who fixed the valuation, declared that they could not be duplicated for $250,000. The value of the personal es tate. consisting largely of stocks and bonds, was set at $3,672,725. Valuation on the jewels was set prices which the va rious articles probably would bring at auction. A diamond lavallier with a black pearl pendant was listed at $20,000; a dia mond necklace with two pearl cut dia mond pendants, each weighing 30 carats, $15,000; a diamond and ruby necklace, $18, 000; and "dog collar” of pearls, diamonds and rubles. $15,000. and a dlamonB brooch. $10,000. Among the other gems are two diamond and pigeon blood ruby bracelets valued at $6000 and a diamond necklace with an emerald clasp. $4600. Boss Murphy of Tammany Hall looks back to Governor Dlx as a man who brought in a period of true comfort. Col. D. D. Galllard, engineer in charge of the Culebra district of the Panama canal, where the slides have been caus ing delay, la In Washington. "The Cu caracha slide, ‘ said Colonel Gaillard, "Is what Is technically known as a ‘true slide.' The others were caused by the crushing of underlying material of poorer strata by the immense superincumbent weight. The Cucaracha slide is nearly 50 acres in extent and since January 1, 1913, has involved a moving mass of ma terial aggregating nearly 3,000,000 cubic yards. The break in the east bank, op posite Culebra, involved about 2,000,000 cubic' yards. These slides destroyed every track In the bottom below them. It Is hoped that the Cucaracha slide will be entire removed by January, 1914. In the Culebra cut on May 1 there yet remained to he excavated G.500,000 cubic yards of material, including slides, out of a total estimated excavation of nearly 100.000.o00 cubic yards." Mlquel Vallespl, who recently returned to France from Argentina and gave him self up to the police, declaring that he i wished to go to the guillotine for the murder of a woman 15 years ago, has been set free. Vallespl related his story in the assize court before a Jury and told of his struggles with his conscience, which finally led to his spiritual conver sion and lrreristibly impelled him to give up a prosperQUs position in Argentina to expiate his, crime in France in order to satisfy the law. The jury without leav ing the box acquitted him amid applause. The crime caused a great sensation In France at the time and Vallespl, who was suspected of having killed the wom an for her money, disappeared. He was adjudged guilty by default and condemned to be guillotined. For what is supposed to be the first time in the history of the supreme court in New York state, a woman | opened court in Watertown. N. Y. Miss j Bertha McDonnell, deputy county clerk of Jefferson county, had the honor. Miss McDonnell is a handsome young wo man, less than 30. She has held office a« deputy clerk since January 1, and in that office performs many of the duties ordinarily falling to the lot of the coun ty clerk or other men of his staff. •When Justice Emerson took the bench one niorning the court crier was absent and Miss McDonnell was summoned. Mie mounted the bench to the crier's dais, raised the gavel and called out the "Oyez, Oyez,” etc., of the official ritual for opening the court. Senator Root says that he has made no statement which warranted the as sertion that he purposed to retire from public life at the end of his term, and that he did not propose to make any .statement on the subject at this time. Those who know Senator Root and are familiar with his views regard it as en tirely likely, however, that he will retire when his term expires. A Berlin lawyer was sent to jail for 26 days because he called a telephone girl a camel. If he had called her a rhinoceros lie might have gone up for life. Richmond Pearson Hobson has left the committee on naval affairs to become the chairman of the committee on education. A wise change. John D. Rockefeller lists his horses in ^ Cleveland for taxation at $55 apiece. He must be a poorer Judge of horses than of gasoline. The smartest woman in the world is a fool in some particulars. She is simply | like the smartest man. It is a human failing. . The Balkan allies are not modest. They not only want Turkey's territory, but $400,000,000 to boot. The punishment of the man who runs his lawnmower at the hour of 5 a. m. has not been fixed. Six thousand Japanese are said to be fighting on the two sides in the Mexican rebellion. Unless summer hastens its pace dog days will not come berore Indian sum mer. Even the styles In comets change. The new Schaumas.se comet has no tail at all. One hears of many June brides, but not a word is said about June bridegrooms. The summer resorts may yet have to equip their golf links with steam heat. The progressives are not paying much for hall rent this year. A high duty on furs bears heavily on alley cats. / THE “CBLESTIU” KINGDOM From the New York Telegram. Everyone knows the epithet “Celestial ” applied to China, but few know its origin. According to a very old legend Tribet is a fragment of a planet, once peopled by a yellow ra»e, which in some way became detached and fell on the earth. The dazed inhabitants of the fragment were uninjured, and, cold and hungry, they made their way toward China, which they peopled. This origin of the Chinese race led to their calling themselves “Celestials.” and it is for this reason that the Emperor calls himselif Son of Heaven. Such at least is the legend. POINTED PARAGRAPHS From the Chicago News. Some men go to church for a change. A wise daughter malieth an unsus pecting mother. / Don't tell everything yon know; keep a little for seed. If a man has talent he can make use of another's genius. A woman's mission is to sweeten a man s life, theoretically. The investors do all the paying in some paying investments.’’ Only an expert swimmer can afford to burn his bridges behind him. Unless a society bud Is plucked she is apt to become a wall flower. The get rich quick schemes flourish be cause of selfishness and the insufficiency of the postoffice inspectors. We never heard of a man who could tell the truth so truthfully that a Jealous woman couldn't tangle lilm all up. Literary men frequently suffer from writer's cramp, hut it is never due to j overwork In indorsing or signing checks. I IN HOTEL LOBBIES The Republican Parly “The republican party has much vi tality left notwithstanding its crush ing defeat last November," said A. L Whlttet of Chicago. "When Colonel Roosevelt and his lieutenants bolted it was plain to see that the democrats had a walk-over. The colonel s personality was so strong as to make a regular republican can vass hopeless. I was one of the re publicans who voted for Roosevelt but I long to see the old republican party back on Its feet again and I hope to be able to support a regular repub lican ticket in 1916. I think the pro gressives and the regular republicans will merge and I see no reason why Colonel Roosevelt should not be the republican standard bearer in 1916. "Tlie democrats may make them j selves so strong that President Wilson will be succeeded by a democrat but the democrats have acquired a habit of staying in power only four years at a time, and I am counting on it be ing that way in 1916.'* The Church Name “The last issue of the Literary Digest devotes nearly two pages to a discus sion about the proposed change of name of the Protestant Episcopal church,’’ said a looker-on, that is, one who is friendly to but not a member of the Anglican com munion. “Thomas Nelson Page, a staunch Epis copalian,' protests against ‘all this tin kering with the name of the church.’ He contributes an article to The Churchman of New York. Mr. Page recalls the fact that the change of name has been dis cussed at Protestant Episcopal general conventions during the past 30 or more years. “I remember when the question of changing the name attracted little atten tion. but it seems as if the 'Anglo-Catholic party’ In the Protestant Episcopal church has grown steadily. It is believed that those w'ho favor a change of name will be strong enough at the general convention to be held in New York in October to be reckoned with. But it is dollars to dough nuts that when the vote is taken those who Insist on retaining the present name will be In a very decided majority.” The Strike Situation ‘"the last two days have passed off quietly In Birmingham—much better, perhaps, than might have been expect ed from the attitude of the city re corder in the trial of cases arising out of the* strike situation,” said an old citizen. “It speaks well for the resident union men who are opposed to violence of all kinds, who are In the main law abid ing citizens. In fact, two local unions have passed resolutions strongly con demning such acts* and stating that they will severely deal with any of their members who are guilty of acts of lawlessness in connection with the strike. It shows that they are men who can determine between tne protection of citizens in their elementary rights and the attempt at a reign of terror by men who have no respect for the law. The value of the repudiations of the acts of violence of the union men will better be judged by tlie future conduct during the unfortunate strike that is now on and which seems liable to con tinue for a while. “Firmness at this time may prevent further disturbances; a vactlating pol icy may result in riot and bloodshed. In the event of further trouble on ac count of the present strike the respon sibility will rest largely on the city authorities and the men in their em ploy. No harsh or unnecessary meth ods should be adopted but every re course of the city and county govern ment should be brought into action and be unflinchingly applied to enforce and maintain the supremacy of the law.*’ Chattnnonga Reunion "The annual reunion of the Confederate veterans to l>e held this week in Chatta nooga will he largely attended," said the son of a veteran. ('While the Gettysburg reunion in July will be a great historic occasion and will doubtless draw an immense concourse ot people, including thousands of southern ers, owing to the distance from this sec tion there will not be as many veterans ■as will assemble at Chattanooga. The scenic attractions in and around the Ten nessee city and the historic battle field should assure an exceptionally large at tendance of the sons and daughters <f veterans. "I understand that Virginia will be espe cially well represented at Chattanooga and on account of our proximity Ala bama will also be well represented. Al though the old vets are passing away In terest in the reunion will continue for several years to come. “I hope to see a reunion held in Bir mingham again within the next two or three years. The last one held here in I9(« was unsurpassed in most respects. It is still being talked about by the veter ans throughout the soutli as one of the great reunions." The Tale of a Dour “I was much interested in the fate of a hobo dog that had taken up with strangers on Nineteenth street, when it was announced that the dog wagon was ready to start,” said a kind hearted man last night, “but his lot sure fell in a lucky place, as I learned today. ” ‘Hobo,’ for such he has been officially christened on the city’s books, is a cross between a white poodle, an Airedale ter rier and a plain dog. When clean, his curly, white hair *lp>w» his aristocratic strain; that is only once a week, for say, an hour. The other 1(57 hours of the week his color varies With his experience. For instance, true to ills instincts and type, possessed by the wanderlust, he made a visit up on Fighth avenue. There wins a bull dog at the party, which was held near the coal house, 'twas very evident. Then, too, the bulldog pulled a great hunk of hair off cf 'Hobos’ right hind leg. leaving less hair,\ but the same amount of dog. • “Well, although 'Hobo* had been adopt ed by the messenger boys and the ‘boss,’ and was duly registered and tagged ac cording to law. with a new collar on, yet In a fetv days he had lost his tag, colter and standing with the dog catcher, all the result of his prowling and pugnacity, lie is prompt to enter the dog eat dog game, but always gets licked. The dog catcher caught him collarless and with out his tag, of course. It required oon | siderahle persuading with a boot to make | the ‘nigger with the wire hoop’ turn j ’Hobo’ loose, for he stood ‘square’ on the I records, according to his bill of $1.50 duly issued for the right, title and privilege to roam whithersoever he wills.” The Financial World Henry Clews in his Wall street re view of Saturday said in part: “The security market has remained depressed by purely financial consider ations, chief of which are the outpour ing of new' securities and high interest rates. Within the last few days over $70,000,000 of new offerings have been made In New York and over $160,000, 000 of new offerings In London; not to speak of correspondingly heavy issues In Paris. These Included $46,000,000 of 4>j per cent New York city bonds marketed here and $76,000,000 of Chi nese bonds which were sold In Lon don. There have been numerous fail ures of municipal bond sales outside of New York during April and May, which show that a check must be imposed upon the extravagance of our great cities. New York is by no means free of criticism on this point, and while the credit of the city Is beyond ques tion and the danger point not even in sight, it is evident that the capacity for tlte absorption of new issues has about reached its limit. Such conditions call for continued caution. "Outside of monetary conditions the situation shows some improvement. The slowing down of business thus far, while general, has been of moderate proportions. It is unquestionably partly due to uncertainties connected with the tariff, and when this problem is settled there will be a considerable gap -In the merchandise movement re maining to be filled. As a matter of fact, the industries likely to be in jured by the tariff are not Important compared with the total product-of the country; and the effect of tariff legis lation lias undoubtedly been overesti mated. It is npw thoroughly under stood that the extreme features of the bill, or those which were really injur ious, will he moderated so that the harm from tariff revision will be re duced to a minimum. “As to the outlook for the market, we advise continued caution. The chief drawbacks are a strained credit situ ation at home and abroad, high rates of Interest, symptoms of a more gen eral trade reaction and a general weak ening of confidence. The offsets to this, .which should receive their full value, are that the crop outlook is tine; that business generally is in a sound posi tion; that liquidation .has strengthened the general situation; that many se curities are selling at very attractive irtvestment prices; tha$ lower prices are discounting further reaction, and that pessismlsm is certainly being overdone. A little more courage and patience will undoubtedly improve the general situ ation. The United States ought to lead in tills respect, but Just at present we appear to be lagging behind Europe, where recuperation after the war If already making itself felt. This market is really entitled to a moderate recov ery." *OVEL FRCIT GROWING From the Strand. The early ripening of fruit is often much to be desired. With apples, pears, plums and similar kinds this is not a difficult matter. All that is necessary is to select a branch on which the fruit is well set. On the lower part of the bough cut a ring entirely round the stem. By this means the return flow of the sap to the lower part of the tree is in a treasure prevented and the branch as a whole will be much enriched. It will be found that the fruit on this part will be remarkably fine, and, moreover, will be ripe many weeks before the usual time. No barm will result to the tree If at the next season, when the barks de scends to cover up the space, the union of the two parts is assisted by the cut ting of the edges clean at the point or junction. in connection with fruit growing one may Introduce a very novel plan of se curing big gooseberries, of course, this fruit contains an immense amount of water, and it is possible to bring about a very large increase in the quantity of the juice. Secure a number of tin lids and place these round the bush, support ing them with bricks or Inverted pots. Mach little pan is to he filled witli water, and the gooseberry branches pulled over so that the tips of the fruit just touch the liquid. The pans are kept regularly supplied witli clean water, and the grow er will be astonished at the rapidity with which the gooseberries drink up the mois ture. Very soon they will reach a mon strous size, which may well be two or three times that of the fruit grown in tlie usual manner. RAT PROOF BIILDINGS From the .Journal of the American Med ical Association. The recent elemental catastrophes—ttie cyclones in the middle west, and the floods in that vast region watered by the Ohio— have destroyed many hundreds of build ings. Here, out of misfortune, much good should come. A timely appeal for the rat proofing of dwellings and other buildings, at present existing, under construction or in contemplation, comes from the United States public health service. Those about to erect a new building or repair an old one, whether of frame, brick, rock, con crete or other construction, may learn from a recent bulletin issued from Wash ington what sanitary and economic bene fits are,to be derived from permanent rat proofing; and measures to such ends should he demanded by prospective own ers as a part of building contracts. The rat is far too prolific to be exterminated by such agencies as traps, poisons, gases and the like; these may reduce the num bers of t’he rodents, but if there is food within reach, the surviving rats will have more to eat proportionally, and procrea tion will be stimulated the more. Rat extermination can be effective only by cutting of the rats’ food supply. The bul letin contains all necessary Information to this end, so far th relates to build ings. Those already erected can be rat proofed by tlie closure of all natural or accidental openings; by the removal of structures which will give refuge to rats, and by the protection or removal of foods which rats will eat. CONCERNING NOTE BOOK* From the Cleveland Pljtin Dealer. Ill one of his amusing books, F. C. Bur nard tells a story of a cracker box jaw smith who annoyed Aristides, or 'Phemis tocles, or some other learned leader of the "lay. by his amazing popularity. While Aristides was uttering his moral platitudes to empty benches in tlie Senate chamber the jovial stranger on the cracker box was convulsing a grin ning mob of cackling yokels. Aristides, becoming desperate, crawled under the tent one dark night and stole the orator s joke book. Then he ‘had the fellorv at his mercy, and presently drove him out of town with choice revillngs and considerable contumely. This reminds us of Mr. Howell’s advice to keep a note book. "Jot down allUhe clever things you hear," he advises. Dater on, when you come to use them you will find them amazingly original." \ ery good, Mr. Howells. But when the note book man becomes familiar with his precious collection and begins to tely upon It, and never leaves home without It, what’s going to happen if some Aristldlan Nemesis crawls over the transom and runs off with it? Note books should be prescribed with discretion and no man can afford to be come a slave to their insidious effects. ACTIVITIES OF LOBBYISTS By BILL VINES WASHINGTON, May 25.—(Special.) To come to Washington full of hope and enthusiasm, fired with patriotism and ambition to serve the country, cheered over the fact that the people have triumphed, and can now grind their heels upon the countenance and other loose features of the oppressor; picturing to themselves a picturesque and tranquil future full of gladness and federal pie, only to be played for a sucker, is indeed rough on the of flceseeker. Washington is as full of lobbyists as Maine Is of prohibitionists and bad rum. Lobbyists who live on their wits, and such other incidentals as can be found lying around toot appropriated to the use of someone else. lobbyists of all condi tions, race, color and previous condition of servitude. Lobbyists who know every body in Washington and have a mar velous pull with the administration. Who call Tumulty “Joe" apd the Attorney Gen eral “Mac,’ 'and even the Secretary of State ••Bill." They used to annoy the same mule up and down the landscape in Missouri, with “Farmer" Houston; they swapped chew ing gum behind the same desks In the good old days back in Texas with “A1 Burleson; they are on the most indmate terms with “Joe" Daniels, having cracked a joke with Joe about the “sub in submarine, and as to senators and con gressmen, they know them ail worth while, and are in the confidence of all the leaders who never make a move with out inviting their opinion of said n^ove. The officeseeker when he lands in town never fails to meet two or three of these affable and highly entertaining gentl men, who Immediately become intensely interested in the case of said officeseeker, who in most cases confides his hopes and ambitions—between drinks—to his new found friend. The new found friend brings Joy and sunshine into the soul of said officeseeker by insisting that he Immediately take charge of said office seeker's campaign. They impress said officeseeker that a stranger in Washington might as well be trying to land a whale with a fly hook, as a federal Job, without "pull.” They tell said officeseeker that the place he wants Is -Bought by several very strong men, but they had rather see him have it than anybody else, because he is so handsome. They remind him, however, that even they, as strong and influential as they are, can't do much without very heavy ex pense. Washington is a very expensive place, all of which Is duly conilrmed by said of ficeseeker in due time, and when you move around in the same atmosphere and fire water with these ‘high guys” you can t be a “chinch.” Nine times out of 10 said offieeseeker falls for all this and “kicks in.” After timing his new found friend probably from the same state— up to tlie neck with various and sundry brands of Pennsylvania avenue intem perance. grape juice being entirely over looked. he puts up a “bundle” to start the thing to rolling and kisses him good night. That night the offieeseeker aforesaid dreams of being sent for to appear forth with at the White House, where he is welcomed bjfc Joe Tumulty and ushered into the presidential presence and in formed by his excellency that the glad moment has arrived when he can reward him for his faithful service to the party, and one thing and another, which Is one of the most tumultuous moments of pleas ure the President has had since he came into office. He wakes up next morning with a headache and a saffron colored taste In his mouth, but otherwise as cheerful as a Standard Oil dividend. His friend comes round to see him promptly—so promptly—in fact In time to take breakfast with him. lie assures him that his “affair” is being attended to, but that it will take time. In a round about way, the lobbyst, who is a very shrewd person Indeed, will get the intel ligence that *3. William Grunt, a promi nent lawyer and democrat is being fav orably considered for district attorney * or whatever it is for whatever balli whack said Grunt is from, printed in the Pikevllle Bugle, or the Centerville Daily Inquirer, and show this to the aforesaid offieeseeker, as evidence that ins ar fairs” are being strictly attended to. It is said that many of these gentle men are declaring dividends on office seekers thhi year, getting all the way from $50 to $5000 for their services ac cording to the size of the job* and the “heft” of the candidates’ pocket-book and the credulity with which lie swal lows the line of stuff handed out to h*m. After a while the office seeker wakes up to the fact that lie has been played on like a flute, but in 99 cases out of x 100 he would have to he put through the “third degree” before lie would admit it. Verily there is a sucker horn every minute and there is always a tempting bait waiting for said sucker calculated in the long run to put a comfortable dis tance between himself and his roll. Otherwise a lot of gentlemen in Wash ington riding ifi six-cylinders, would he scratching gravel. Congress ought to pass a law putting an open season on lobbyists 12 months in the year, and a liberal bounty on the pelt of every one delivered. THE NUDE IN ART From the Boston Globe. A BOSTON arltst. w hile traveling in Europe a few years Hgo. ran across an oid painting of a Cruci fixion in an obscure little shop, which he purchased.'A little later, on (.leaning the picture, lie discovered that most of the clothes and draperies on the cherubs and on the figure of Christ had been painted long after the original plctu-e had been painted. Eater he discovered ttiat a former owner of the picture, who had scruples about the nude in art, had en gaged an artist to decorate the figures in these extra clothes and draperies. The Boston artist removed theso extra clothes and draperies and found Himself in pos session of an excellent painting—the orig inal painting as it had been painted by I the original artist. A few years ago the nude statue of a Bacchante by MacMonnles was hooted out of the courtyard of the public library because its nudity offended llie sensibili ties of some people In the community These same people probably admire the same bronze statue in the Museum of Fine Arts, where it has been for some time. The pope. Paul IV, objected to some of Michelangelo's paintings in the Vatican, because of their nudity, but Michael re fused to drape the figures, which may still be seen as they were painted. These three instances illustrate the fact that there is and has been for cen turies a strong prejudice against the nudi in art. and the people among whom this prejudice exists frequently ask: "Why do artists like to paint .and sculpture the nude, human figure?” The artist who Is a real artist must study and know the human figure. He must know something of the anatomy amt the anatomical relations of its parts. This is a fundamental requirement, for it is not possible properly to draw, model, paint or clothe a human figure without a knowledge of its anatomy and construc tion—Its hones and muscular covering. The physician and the surgeon must also study anatomy, but they do so for a different purpose. They are more con cerned with the functions and relations of the various parts of the body. The artist's first object Is to get accurate knowledge of the proportions of the figure and of Its bone and muscular mechanism, so as to understand the true action in all positions and emergencies; for the basis of real art Is truth. The artist may be born with Instinct and genius for paint ing and drawing, and sculpture, but he must fortify these fortunate possessions with that kind of accurate knowledge which can only be obtained by study and close observation. And when the art student has arrived at this point it begins to dawn on him that the human figure Is the most won derful of God's creations; beautiful in Its form, in its construction and its utility. And more and more ha looks on the hu man figure in an objective sense, as he would at a flower, or a tree, or some other beautiful, natural object. The artist sees the human being -in much the same way that a lover of horses sees a fine horse, or a lover of dogs a fine dog. and he has no more rdhpect for clothes on a fine human figure than the horse lover would ha\e for clothes on a beautiful horse. But there has always been a desire in human beings to ornament, decorate and clothe the human body—to Improve on nature. The savage who does not require clothing for warmth as well as the sav age who does, paints his body, and scars it, and believes that rings in his nose and bracelets on his ankles improves his personal appearance; and the more bar baric peoples love loud contrasts in their bodily decorations. They know nothing of the wonderful structure, of the power and the beauty of their own bodies. 'That sort of knowledge requires a little higher order of intelligence, and that is why the Greeks were the first real ad mirers of the human body. They compre i . . bended its beauty atid they conceived their gods and goddesses in the terms of this wondrous beauty; ami their artists and sculptors gave to the world those works of sculpture which are to this day the highest known expressions of human physical beauty and perfection. The cient Greeks, by close observation, learned and know more about their own bodies than any people that have ever lived. They were the first great, healthy, in telligent rare the world had known. Ant? because they were healthy they abhond vulgarity. Emerson has said: “A beautiful person Is sent into the world as an image of the divine beauty, not to provoke, but to purify the sensual Into an intellectual and divine love.” The Greeks never made the mistako of immortalizing in their nude or semi-nude statues any but the most perfect physical beings. They sel dom bothered with the portrayal of those who required excessive clothes or drap eries as aids to beauty. They knew and respected the purpose of clothes, but their highest admiration was for the perfec tion of beauty in the human body. As a small nation, surrounded by hordes of barbarous nations, the Greeks could not have lived if they had not been intelli gently healthy, and this love for health gave them respect for their own healthy bodies. They were proud of this health and of the bodies which were the result of such health. To it might be well to bear in mind that when a real artist paints or models the nude human figure he does so usually from an accurate knowledge and intense admiration for .the most wonderful of God's creations. And it is a remarkable fact that no great artist ever drew, paint ed or sculptured anything vulgar, for great art means knowledge and intelli gence of a high order, and no person of knowledge and intelligence is consciously vulgar. UNCLE DUDLEY. AI.KXANOKH SEI.KIIIK By William Cowper. I am a monarch of all I survey. My right there is none to diepute, Front the center all found to the sea 1 am lord of the fowl and the brute. 0 Solitude, where are the charms That sages have seen in thy face? Better dwell in the midst of alarms Titan reign in this horrible place. 1 am out of humanity’s reach: 1 must finish my journey alone; Never hear the sweet music of speech— I start at the sound of my own. The beasts that roam over the plain My form with indifference see; They are so unacquainted with men. Their tameness is shocking to me. Society, friendship, and love Divinely bestowed upon man. O hud I the wings of a dove, Iiow soon would l taste you again! My sorrows I then might assuage in the ways of religion and truth; Might learn form the wisdom of age. And be cheered by the sallies of youth. Religion! what treasure untold Resides In that heavenly word! More precious than silver and gold, Or all that this earth can afford, But the sound of the church-going bell These valleys and rocks never heard— Never sighed at the sound or a knell, Or smiled when a Sabbath appear'd. Ye winds that have made me your sport, Convey to this’desolate shore Some cordial, endearing report Of a land I shall visit no mort. My friends, do they now and then send A wish or a thought after me? O tell me I yet have a friend. Though a friend I am never to see. How fleet Is the glance of a mind! Compared with the speed of its flight, The tempest itself lags behind; And the swift-winged arrows of light. When I think of my own native land, In a moment I seem to bg there But. alas! recollection at band Soon hurries me back to despair. But the sea fowl is gone to her nest; The beast is laid down in his lair; Even here is a season of rest, And I to my cabin repair. i There’s mercy in every place; And mercy, encouraging thought! Gives even affliction a grace. And reconciles man to his lot.