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THE AGE-HERALD
E. W. IIARRETT.Editor
Entered at the Birmingham, Ala.,
postoffice as second class matter under
act of Congress March 3, 1S73.
Daily and Sunday Age-IIerald.... $8.00
Daily and Sunday, per month.... 70
Daily and Sunday, three months.. 2.00
Weekly Agc-llerald, per annum.. .50
Sunday Age-IIerald. 2.00
Subscriptions payable in advance.
W. II. Overbey and A. J. Eaton, Jr.,
are the only authorized traveling repre
sentatives of The Age-IIerald in its cir
culation department.
No communication will be published
without its author’s name. Rejected
manuscript will not be returned unless
clamps are enclosed for that purposo.
Remittances can be made at current
rate of exchange. The Age-Herald will
not bo responsible for money sent
through the mails. Address,
THE AGE-HERALD.
Birmingham, Ala.
Washington bureau, 207 Hibbs build- i
lng.
European bureau, 5 Henrietta street.
Covent Garden, London.
Eastern business office. Rooms 48 to
60, Inclusive, Tribune building, New
York city; western business office.
Tribune building, Chicago. The 8. C.
Beckwith Special Agency, agents for
eign advertising.
TELEPHONE
Dell (private exchange connecting all
departments)) No. 1000*
There’s no time for a man to re
cover Ills hair that grows balil.
—Comedy of Errors.
Woman Suffrage in Illinois
The Illinois house of representa
tives, by a vote of 83 to 58, passed
the bill for partial woman suffrage.
The senate had already passed the bill,
and Governor Dunne has said he will
sign it That would make it law with
out any referendum or election what
soever.
The affirmative vote in the house
was cast by 32 republicans, 24 demo
erate, 24 progressives and 3 social
ists, thus showing that the movement
extends to all parties in Illinois.
Under this bill women may vote for
all officers which are not mentioned
in the constitution of Illinois. They
cannot vote for governor, lieutenant
governor, state officers, members of
the legislature, county or district
judges, congressmen or United States
senators; but they can vote for presi
dential electors, mayor, aldermen,
municipal court judges, sanitary trus
tees, all township officers, all city and
village officers, and on all proposi
tions submitted to the electors.
Illinois is large and populous and it
lies east of the Mississippi river.
When Governor Dunne signs the bill
Illinois wall become the tenth state to
grant the suffrage privilege to wom
en, and the first east of the big
river. The extension comes to the
people suddenly. It is almost a shock
to the eastern half of the country, and
no doubt the battle for woman suf
frage in the cast will be resumed with
renewed vigor.
Governor Dunne says he will sign
the bill unless he finds unexpected
constitutional defects in it. He will no
doubt sign it and Illinois would then
have to be listed os an equal suf
frage state._
Of Far-Reaching Benefit
' Birmingham In the early years of
As history was known only as an
■ndoatrial center and even today with
[Its largely diversified mercantile in
terests it Is still known chiefly be
cause of its iron and steel production.
But Birmingham has been a cotton
tnarket for a number of years. Its
compress business was an important
factor in the city’s commercial life
even before the steel plant at Ensley
was built. The volume of the cotton
business here amounts to about 100,
000 bales a year, but as a result of
the union of the Birmingham Warrant
Warehouse company and the Magnolia
W'arehouse and Compress company of
Mobile the business in both cities will
be greatly increased. Birmingham’s
total of 100,000 bales annually should
be doubled before many years.
This combination between Birming
ham and Mobile is a progressive move
and one of far-reaching importance.
Prominent business men in both cities
are identified with it and the enter
prise means much for the whole state.
The economies of the joint arrange
ment will certainly save shippers of
cotton hundreds of thousands of
dollars. _
Millions Are Ready in Treasury
Secretary of the Treasury McAdoo
notifies the timid and vicious that he
has on hand $500,000,000 in emerg
ency currency, and that he has full
authority under the Aldrich-Vreeland
act of five years ago to issue this cur
rency to any national banks making
application. The Secretary says that
he would not hesitate to issue cur
rency to any bank making application
and qualifying under the act named.
The emergency notes are exactly
like existing bank notes and no one
can distinguish between them. No one
would desire to do so.
The Aldrich-Vreeland measure was
passed May 30, 1908, and it stands
good until June 30, 1914. Emergency
notes may be issued to national banks,
or to currency associations formed by
them.
The Aldrich-Vreeland act provides
that national banking associations
having circulating notes secured oth
erwise than by bonds of the United
! States, namely, emergency currency
notes shall pay for the first' month a
tax at the rate of 5 per cent per an
num on the average amount of such
notes in circulation and afterward an
additional tax of 1 per cent per annum
for each month until a tax of 10 per
cent per anpum is reached, and there
after a tax of 10 per cent per annum
upon the average amount of such
notes.
President Wilson and Secretary Mc
Adoo have a lively appreciation of the
situation, and they arc ready to meet
the disturbers of business conditions
face to face, and they go well loaded
with appropriate ammunition.
fieneral Business Is Sound
Securities have fallen in price in
Wall street, but this is no indication
that conditions in general business
throughout the country are not sound
and even prosperous. Business is not
even dull. Industries as a rule are
taxed to the utmost, labor is fully em
ployed, and the railroads will soon
complain of a shortage of cars, for
winter wheat will soon be ready to
move, and other big crops are com
ing on.
No doubt our money system needs
reorganization, and President Wilson
seems to be in earnest in demanding
that it be clone without unnecessary
delay. Whether the currency evils can
be corrected before Congress adjourns
has not yet been determined.
As for the tariff all know now its
extent and scope, and the country is
settling down to an acceptance of it.
It will be found far less unfavorable
to trade than many have imagined.
It will justify itself within its first
year.
The trouble in Wall street sprang
from the Balkan war and European
liquidation, and they go to show how
closely the great markets of the world
are allied. There is, however, little
sense in cutting down the prices of
well known American securities be
cause of a Balkan war. More courage
is needed and a deeper study of home
crops and home conditions. This
would speedily lead to a feeling of
confidence. Big crops are the best
antidote of such troubles as Wall
street is afflicted with. Wall street,
too, needs a leader like the late J. P.
Morgan whom no European scare
could disturb.
Porter Charlton’s Extradition
The supreme court, in the Porter
Charlton case, renders certain his ex
tradition to Italy where he will be
tried for the murder of his wife,
whose body was found in a trunk sunk
in Lake Como. Charlton confessed to
the murder of his wife on their honey
moon trip. This was in 1910, and
Charlton has been held ever since
awaiting a final decision in the su
preme court.
The case was not complex. Charlton
could not be tried in this country for
a crime committed in Italy, and he
can be tried in Italy. If the court had
decided that he could not be extra
dited, then he never would have been
tried anywhere for an atrocious crime.
A new extradition treaty with Italy is
needed and perhaps the state depart
ment will attend to that branch of the
business after a while.
The most that can be said about
Porter Charlton is that he is young
and a defective. To have let him es
cape without trial would, however,
have been a mockery of justice, and
the decision of the supreme court will
be considered just no matter how much
sympathy for Charlton exists among
the friends of his family.
Open Air Music
Band concerts in Capitol park dur
ing July and August seem to be as
sured. The fund to pay the musicians
is being raised by a committee of the
Music Study club and is composed of
prominent ladies.
Several large subscriptions have
been pledged in addition t^the city's
appropriation of $1000. It is the in
tention of the committee to raise a
much larger fund this year than last,
but in order to succeed the large
donations will have to be supple
mented by many small subscriptions.
It seems reasonable to suppose that of
the thousands of citizens who enjoy
the band concerts a few hundred
would be glad to subscribe a dollar
or two. But whatever is done in this
matter should be done shortly as the
month of July will soon be here.
Eugene Maggl und his wife, believed to
be the wealthiest persons in Switzerland,
committed suicide last week because they
lacked interest In life. Eugene Maggl was
only tl years old and his wife ,".j. Their
Joint estates -vere estimated some time
ago at $10,000,0)'), and -recently Maggl in
herited the Income from a number of ex
tensive faetorie:;. They had'been married
for a number of years, but were greatly
disappointed because their union hud re
mained childless. They retired to their
bedroom, turn'd on the gHs and were
found dead.
The man who discovered the fish pole
should outrank the man who discovered
eltherlhe north or the south pole.
Some New Yorkers cannot vote against
Whitman for mayor because he bad
placed them In the penitentiary.
The old fashioned man who* wore cloth
garters seems to have disappeared from
the map altogether.
Dr. E. s. Hlgley, Wellston, O., In the
early 80’s, lent Charles Froelich $700 with
which to complete his education. Froe
lieh, a struggling farmer's son, entered
college and was graduated as a mining
engineer. Soon afterward he sailed for
Australia. Eight years ago Froelich,
grown beyond the physician's recognition,
walked into his office and repaid the $700
with compound interest. And now Henry
I<. Thorncroft, a barrister of Melbourne,
Australia, comes to Ohio and informs Dr.
Iligley that Froelich had died without rel
atives and had left him his entire estate,
which is valued at $1,000,000. Dr. Hlgley
is 70 years old.
J. A. Bennett, a brother of Mrs. Champ
Clark, won the appointment, over several
competitors, as hostler of the police de
partment of Kansas City. He will be
made chief hostler in a short time. Ben
nett got the place without any aid or per
sonal indorsement from the speaker of
tile House of Repicsentatives. He came
from Pike county years ago, and one of
the new police commissioners, W. C. Rey
nolds, also is a Piker. He gave Bennett
the place, which pays $00 a month. As
chief hostler he will get more. Mrs.
Champ Clark visited her brother there last
summer. r
Great Britain's royal household is
greatly disturbed by the breaking of one
of a pair of blue urn shaped vases given
to Queen Alexandra by the late Empress
of China. The Dov/ager Empress of Rus
sia, sister of Queen Alexandra, who is
visiting Marlborough House, dropped the
vase and broke a handle. Just after the
breaking of one of a similar pair in the
royal palace if Peking the rule of the
imperial family in China came to an end.
The vases are 100 years old, and the late
J. Pierpont Morgan offered Queen Alexan
dra $25,000 for the pair.
Physicians say men should not shave,
but should trim their whiskers, but this
is a whiskerless age.
The man who wore a straw hat with an
overcoat occasionally appeared during the
recent cold days.
A mathematician became lost in New
York when he could not figure out where
he was at.
Lobbyists wear loud waistcoats an l I
their tongues betray them at every turn.
The supreme court is doing good work
in the lust days of a year’s work.
No real boy wan's to be a tenor when
he can become a baseball hero.
Potatoes have been revised down to
16% cents a bushel in Chicago.
Sugar lobbying in Washington is by no
means a harmless occupation.
The summer hat had a rest in the lapse
of summer temperature.
Lame ducks should be forbidden to visit
in less than two years.
The “Insidious lobby" has thus far failed
to prove an alibi.
COOKS CAUSE OF DRUNKENNESS
From the London Chronicle.
A great deal of the drunkenness and
sin of the world is due to indigestion,
and, therefore, I have yet to meet a
fruitarian who is a drunkard,’’ said Dr.
Joslah Oldfield in a lecture on “Diet
and Dyspepsia" at the hall of the Older
of the Golden Age, Brompton road.
Tn tlie olden days if the judge were
in a bad temper, owing to the state of
his digestion, the poor prisoner was
hanged. Many battles had been lost
owing to the bad digestion of the com
mander, he added, and the answer to
the question whether life Is worth liv
tng was, “It depends on the liver."
A great many people took to drink,
continued the speaker, not because they
wanted it, but owing to the condition
of their stomachs, which craved for
something to drown their care. Indi
gestion was largely a nerve disease, and
the nerves were often the cause of the |
trouble. Tiie pain of Indigestion was
not a primary sign, and when that hap
pened the trouble was well advanced
and t lie patient in the way for gastric
trouble. )
Doctor Oldfield suggested a pint and
a half as the inclusive amount of liquid
to be taken during a day.
UIIITE TAXABLE
From the Omaha Bee.
William Jennings Bryan once visited
Cornell university, and while being
entertained at dinner by a prominent
member of the legal fraternity he told
the following story:
“Once out in Nebraska I went to pro
test against my real estate assessment,
and one of the things of which I par- \
ticularly complained was assessing a goat '
at $25. I claimed that a goat was not
real property In the legal sense of the ■
word and should not be assessed. One
of the assessors, a very pleasant faced
old man, very obligingly said that I could
go upstairs with him, and together we
would look over the rules and regulations
and see what could be done. We worked
over the rules, and finally the old man
asked:
“ ‘Does your goat run loose on the
road?’
“ ‘Well, sometimes,’ said T, wondering
what the penalty was for that dreadful
offense.
“ ‘Does he butt?’ again queried the old
man.
“ ‘Ves/ I answered, lie butts.’
“ 'Well, said the old man, looking at
me, 'this rule says tax all property run
ning and abutting on the highway. I
don’t see that I can do anything for you.
Good day. sir'.'’
I»OI Vl'ED PA It VGR A PH S
From the Chicago News.
Wise men do as they please their
wives.
Singers are like loan sharks—always
taking notes.
It’s wasteful to talk about “making
good.” Get busy.
The more the merrier—but this
doesn’t apply to troubles.
Most of the easy jobs In politics cost
more than they are worth.
Folks who fall in love at first r *ght
learn to believe in second sight.
If a woman knew how she looks while
running to catch a car, she wouldn’t.
The, seamy side of life is much like
the other side with the polish rubbed
ofr.
Some theatrical managers try to ele
vate tlie stage by raising the price of
admission.
Nearly every widow believes that all
the married women of her acquaintance
would like to exchange places with her.
Fiver nojic* the look of supreme con
tent that abides on a woman’s face as
she ^turns from the station after see- I
ing her guests off? '
IN HOTEL LOBBIES
The Cotton Crop
“The recent cool spell has naturally
kept the cotton from growing. said
Joseph B. Garber of Demopolis. “The
plants are small but the weather is
turning warm again and the crop will
rapidly improve. 1 sometiirles think that
when tlie cotton is checked bv cool
weather there is some benefit, after all.
The roots are strengthened and we may
have a better crop in the end.
"There is dread now in our section
about the boll weevil. The pest will
mean a short crop in some counties.
Just what the extent of the damage will
be, of course, cannot be foretold now.
A Visitor** Impression*
"It is safe to say that not many cities
of approximately Birmingham's size are
witnessing so much handsome building
improvements as one sees here,” said
Charles F. Cartwright of Chicago.
"1 first visited Birmingham about three
years ago, and thought tills was quite
a handsome city then, but it strikes me
as far handsomer now. The improve
ments here have been very marked In
deed. In the business district one sees a
great dc^al of building, and I am told
there is much new construction work in
progress In the outlying sections."
Am To Strike*
“Records fail to bear out the state
ment that strikes profit men, save In
certain individual cases.” said a well
known citizen who has long beeen con
nected with the industrial world.
“Some weeks ago Buffalo was select
ed as the place to test the strength of
the International Machinists' associa
tion. A fight was made for the union
shop as against the open shop; a 50
hours’ week as against 54 hours a week,
and the minimum wage scale in place
of tlie piece and premium work, with
the result that of the 2ft shops with
3000 employes that enlisted for the
fight, all but five of the shops and less
than 400 men dropped out. The men who
returned to work went back as indi
viduals under the very same conditions
which existed at the time they went on
a strike. The Employers’ association
simply insisted that the plants be run
as open shops and the men who re
turned to work acquiesced.
“Another instance of failure of a
strike was that of the Niagara Ma
chine and Tool works. Ninety-one of
tlie walk outs voted to return to work
and 15 to stay on the strike. A few
days following 103 men returned to
their old jobs under the exact conditions
which existed at the time they left.
“If in some cases victory has been
achieved it has been at considerable
cost as far as my observation goes, in
recent years losses sustained have sel
dom been balanced by profits achieved
for tlie wage workers.”
In St. Clair County
“Farming and business conditions in
St. Clair are as a general thing pros
perous,” said State Senator Watt T.
Brown of Ragland. “Cotton is not look
ing as well as it was a week or so
ago but there is time enough for the
farmers to make large crops. The boll
weevil has not reached our county, so
there is no fear on that score.”
Senator Brown said that while he
was seriously considering making the
race for lieutenant governor he had
decided to let the matter rest for m
while. “While 1 ani considering the
mutter of running for lieutenant gov
ernor l will wait until I have seen
what the situation really is,” he said.
“I am simply asking my friends not
to commit themselves until they hear
from me. I am receiving a great deal
of encouragement and some from
sources unexepected.”
Alabama'* ProMperlty
John Craft, of Mobile, president of the
Alabama Good Koads association, spent
yesterday in Birmingham and met many
friends to whom he talked optimistical
ly of good highways, progressive agri
culture and oyster culture.
"A great deal is heard about the
progress of the Alabama farmer, but
no one can realize what great progress
has been made unless he rides through
the country as I have done," said Mr.
Craft. "Alabama is full of thrift. One
may see hundreds and hundreds of
beautiful farms in the place of some
of the poor, neglected estates of a few
years ago. Farmers are taking much
more pride in their work than former
ly and the time will soon come when
a poorly'cultivated field will be a thing
of the past.
"Wonderful work lias been done in
good road building since our associa
tion was formed. The counties that
have good roads today are the most
prosperous counties, as a matter of
course. While I will continue to give
much of my time to promoting good
roads, I am devoting a great deal of
my attention to the development of the
oyster industry.
“The United States government did
a great thing for Alabama when It made
a survey of the oyster beds and barren
bottoms of Mississippi sound and it
will not be long before Alabama’s
oyster industry will take high rank in
the business world. Our natural oys
ter reefs and unproductive bottoms can ;
be made to produce fine oysters by
artificial culture. And this Industry,
comparatively new to us as a com
mercial proposition, will add greatly
to the wealth of the state."
The \ew Po*toffice
"i have no inside Information, but the
new post.office will doubtless be erected
on the Fifth avenue site extending from
Eighteenth to Nineteenth streets, the
grater part of which the government al
ready owns," said a member of the Cham
ber of Commerce. “It seems to be a pop
ulur location for Uncle Sam’s $1,000,000
edifice.
’’Some time ago the government bought
and paid for 250 feet at the northwest cor
ner of Fifth avenue and Nineteenth street
and in the last Congress $1,000,000 was ap
propriated for the postoffice, $200,000 of
which, as I recall it, was l’or an addition
to the original site. It seems that the
treasury officials are figuring on $175,000
for additional realty with a view of hav
ing $25,000 to the credit of the building
fund or the furnishing fund. Eight hun
dred thousand dollars would pay for a
very handsome postoffice, but it will
probably cost the government fully 4l,000,
000 oefore It is finished, and in view of
Birmingham’s rapid growth and great fu
ture, nothing is too good for It.
’’Before the $1,000,000 which the appro
priation hill contained can be available
another act of Congress will be necessary.
The ways and means committee has to
ratify the appropriation, and that will be
done probably in the regular session of
the Sixty-third Congress. Ground will
probably bo broken for the new building
some time in the early part of
■ ADRIFT WITH THE TIMES
TO BE ENVIED.
The glancing current of a stream.
A nook most fair to see.
A bird that warbles overhead,
As happy ns can be;
A fisherman with pole in hand
And cork upon the tide.
Who calmly waits to get the bite
That will not be denied.
Sweet perfumes from the flowery mead
Come to him on the breeze.
A pleasant shade around him spread
By softly sighing trees.
Blue skies above, green sod below,
Tils troubles all forgot,
I-Iow many In this world of woe
Would gladly share his lot!
IT WAS COMING TO HIM.
We note In the news that Mr. “Bridgie”
Webber has been mysteriously stabbed In
the back. Mr. Webber made the grave
mistake of appealing In court as an Im
portant witness In the Rosenthal murder
trial. By doing so he got himself “in
bad” with certain of New York's profi
cient ‘ gunmen.” who are not averse to
using other methods of doing away with
a person they don't like, if the other way,
the use of a knife, for instance, is more
convenient. The wonder Is not so much
that Mr. Webber has, in the parlance of
the underworld, "got his,” but the fact
that he remained unscathed so long. Had
we been in his shoes, half the earth's
circumference wrould have seemed hardly
space enough to put between us and the
vengeance of those thugs whose enmity
he Incurred.
_
ONE WAY TO BE CONTENT.
A happy hearted citizen
Went sail** to ids work;
lie had no wish to lie in bed
And no desire to shirk.
His daily duties brought him cheer
Because lie did them well
And let no hard luck cast him down,
No matter what befell.
This happy hearted citizen
A good example set,
Who simply had no time, he said,
To cherish vain regret.
And when his earthly race was run,
"Most always with a. smile,
The many years he'd spent in toil
Seemed just a. little w'hlle.
ANOTHER FORM OF IT.
"Where are you going with that big
box of candy?”
"I'm lobbying for a friend of mine
whose girl has kept him guessing for
three years. If I can succeed In making
her come to his defense by saying he’s not
worth killing, why lie’s going to show his
appreciation of my efforts in his behalf
by inviting me to an elaborate dinner."
GETTING WORSE.
The man who goes to pieces
Won’t gather many hits,
Because time Just increases
The fragmentary bits.
MERCIFUL. DEATH.
A young boy in Indiana named
"Thelma” was accidentally shot and may
die. With a name like that, perhaps it
weso better for him to die now, in the
springtime of his life, while he is still
happy, else he may learn In after days
what bitterness attends upon the hapless
person who is afflicted with a fool name.
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaMaa!
AT LAST.
What joy, what bliss
What rapture keen
In words like this:
“The house is clean."
—Youngstown Telegram.
What joy, what bliss,
Is yet conveyed >
In words like this:
“The rent Is paid."
—Los Angeles Express,
What joy. what bliss
ft is to doze,
Forgetting this:
Grim world of woes!
DAY DREAMS.
'Tis sweet to dream
When one is sad.
And spend the mun
He’s never had.
THE TROPHY.
She staggers home.
Tired out and pale.
But she bought a comb
At a bargain sale.
IT MAY BE TRUE.
Irving S. Cobb Is authority for the state
ment that a man with a double chin
never leads a double life. So far as con
cerns the double life In which a petticoat
is featured, Mr. Cobb's assertion will be
received without question. 'Tis a common
saying that nobody loves a fat man.
TWO OE A KIND.
*
The man who thinks ho knows all
about women has a rival in the Individual
who thinks he knows how women ought
to dress, if we are by chance thrown
Into the society of either one we are
forthwith dominated by a single Idea
and that is to ESCAPE.
PAUL COOK.
TABLE TALK IN A SEA STORM
From E. W. Howe's African Travel Let
ters in his magazine.
At dinner, not half the passengers
were In their places, but Adelaide and I
occupied our usual scats at table, al
though wc had a difficult time getting
down the two stairways to the dining
room. The dishes were fenced up, so
that they could not roll off tile tables,
and the portholes were under water
every roll of the ship. The siclt man
who has been on deck nearly every day
of the voyage surprised us all by ap
pearing at dinner for the first time,
although he was almost literally carried
down tlic stairways, and across the
dining room floor. Tiie diners at the
two center tables were forced to go to
other tables, owing to a crash In the
skylight above, and a downpour of
water.
But in sp' e of all this confusiom Mr.
Connell, a very calm and well informed
man who sits at my table, interested
me by telling of something he had read
during the day. At the battle of Water
loo. in 1812. less than 170,000 men
were engaged. The battle lasted 3 2
hours, yet the casualties amounted to
61,000.
The battle of Lule Borgas, fought
between the Bulgarians and Turks in
1912, lasted five days, and although 300,
000 men took part with modern Imple
ments of war, the casualties amounted
to only 36,000. We moderns have more
effective weapons than the ancients,
but seem afraid to use them. The mod
ern man lias more sense than bravery.
The old savage man had a fool notion
that it was bravery to fight for a ruler,
but modern man has discovered that
bravery Is to fight for himself .and
meet his ordinary difficulties with pa
tience and fairness. The prizefighter
is brave in that lie Is able to stand a
great deal of punishment, but In pri
vate life lie is not very nice, and often
keeps a saloon and whips his wife.
At dinner Mr. Connell also told me
that In Australia, where the women
have full suffrage, the wives of the
working men often vote against their
husbands. In a certain election in 1911
the labor party demanded the adoption
of a measure that would result in many
strikes and much disturbance. It was
believed that the measure would carry
by a largo majority, but the wives of
the labor men generally voted for peace,
and the moasuro demanded by their
husbands was defeated by two to one.
A SHIP WITHIN A SHIP
From the American Machinist.
The "Imperator,” the new crack ship
of the Hamburg-American Steamship
line, due in New York on her maiden
trip on June 18, is practically a ship
within-a-shlp.
A series of coal bunkers along the
sides, in conjunction with the double
bottom, give the Imperator a double
skin, so to speak. The forward or col
lision bulkhead extends through the
first deck. The single amidshlp bulk
head weighs alon^ 66 tons. There are
36 watertight doors in the bulkheads,
controlled automatically from the
bridge.
This ship is the first of three sister
vessels to be built for the Hamburg
American line, each with a displace
ment of 70,000 tons.
The Imperator is 919 feet long, 98 feet
beam and 62 feet deep. She has 9
decks, tlie boat deck being 100 feet
above the keel, while the height of
the mast trucks from the keel is 246
feet. The three funnels are each 69
feet long and the oval openings meas
ure 29 by x18 feet. The ruder alone
weighs 90 tons.
The ship will accommodate a popula
tion of over 5000, this including a crew
of 1100 persons. The ship is driven by
quadruple turbine* engines of 72,000
horsepower, designed to develop an av
erage speed of 22Vi knots int crossing
the Atlantic. One of the big rotors
weighs 135 Ions and develops over 22,
000 horsepower. The rotor casing is
18 feet in diameter by 25 feet in length.
The shafts are 18 inches in diameter
and tin* four bronze propellers are 16
feet in diameter.
MOTHHR MADH A GIRL OF HIM
From the Bultimore Sun.
"After keeping Charles home all his
life in order to make him gentle and be
cause [ had no daughter, I think it out
ragous that people should call him Percy
and Sissy and he nearly 19 years old,"
complained Mrs. Ameda Heiss, 2041 East
North avenue, before Justice Dean of the
northeastern district.
She accused neighbors of worrying her
son with the above epithets and wanted
them arrested.
"I know lie is girlish,” she continued.
“ 1 'nt I never had a girl, so I deter
mined that he should be my girl. He
r.e\ or went out to work, but does all the
cooking, makes the beds and sweeps the
house. In that way he saves me money."
I When asked why she didn’t bring her
son to the station with her, she said hs
MAYOR GAYNOR ON MUSIC
From Musical America.
UP to the present time music is about
the only thing which Mayor Gay
nor has not written a letter about.
He has, however, touched this subject at
last in a manner which can be regarded
as illuminating or not, according as one
looks at the matter. The dally papers
have printed a letter which the mayor
wrote to a lady who asked for even more
than is already being done In the parks
with regard to giving good music. The ex
act nature of her request is not made
plain. It is variously quoted as a request
for "grand opera," for more "classical
music," etc., In the parks. One could
judge better of the mayor’s letter If it
was know'n exactly what the lady asked
for. If it was for the innovation of act
ual scenes from grand opera in Central
park, as has been proposed once or twice
in the last couple of years, the mayor
might have more reason to demur, as in
novations are often serious matters.
If the lady asked for concerts of a high
order, where she^coulfl hear the best
music from the great operas, standard or
chestral works, and occasionally even
symphonies, she is probably aware of the
fact that she can satisfy herself in those
respects almost any day In Central park
from now on through the summer, if it
is that she merely wishes to have the
scope of such concerts as those given in
Central pa-rx extended and given in other
places instead of the usual band concerts
now given, that, too, is a matter for con
sideration. It is probably sufficient to
have one particular center where the
greatest music of the world rendered by
the orchestra, as it should be, may be
heard. Those who want to hear such
| music, and (quite contrary to the mayor’*
asesrtlon) their name Is legion, may go to
such, a center. The expense of giving
such orchestral concerts regularly in other
centers would be disproportionate to the
gain which would be made.
Where Mayor G&ynor says that “only
a fewr people are able to understand'*
music of a higher order be is entirely
overlooking the extraordinary proof to the
contrary which has been afforded by the
municipal orchestral concerts under his
own administration. In the summer sea
son of 3011 there were 700 hand concerts in
the parks and 300 orchestral concerts. Th®
total attendance at the concerts was ap
proximately 1.000,000. One-half of this
mass of people was drawn by the orches
tral concerts of the world’s greatest music
in Central park. In other words, it took
seven times as many baud concerts, w ith
niusio of a less high order, to draw' as
many people as the smaller number of
the orchestral concerts drew.
In assuming that music is a thing to be
“understood" by the mind, rather than
to be grasped as it really is by the musi
cal sense, the mayor is overlooking the
greatest and simplest fact concerning
music in its relation to humanity. It is
In the Central park concerts under Mayor
Gaynor’s own administration that, if the
matter needed proof, it lias been conclu
sively proven that the people rise spon
taneously and wholly without especial
musical education to the greatest which
music has to offer. This would appear
to bo diametrically opposed to the idea
which the mayor holds, but if he is inter
ested to see how far wrong he is, it is
only necessary for him to go up to Cen
tral park on any Sunday afternoon.
----
was too bashful to appear before strang
ers.
"Every day, as soon as he goes out to
wash the steps, the neighbors begin to
tease him,” she said. "They call him
‘Willie Boy’ and even suggest that he
wear curls. One had the audacity to tell
me to put his hair in curl papers. And, of
course, he comes in mortified and blush
ing to death.
"One woman said lie followed one of
her daughters. And I want you to know,”
said Mrs. Heiss. shaking her fist, “piy
Charles don’t follow girls.”
She said her son was a perfect little
gentleman and wanted him protected.
She gave the names of several women
and asked that they be locked up.
Justice Dean advised her that her case
was a civil one and she walked out vow
ing to take her complaint higher.
BEFORE THE TRAFALGAR
From the ICronstad (South Africa) Times.
A most interesting discovery, which, it
is believed has some connection with Nel
son's operations in the Mediterranenn
prior to the battle of Trafalgar, Is re
ported in a telegram from Cassari, Sar
dinia. According to the message some
fishermen who have arrived at Cassari
from Porto Torres state that a shepherd
has found near Cape Testa, the extreme
northerly point of Sardinia, a largo cave
containing an enormous quantity of pow
der and other war stores. The military
authorities at Maddalena are sending ex
perts to the spot to make an investigation.
It is thought probable that the stores
were placed in the cave by Nelson when
he was watching the French fleet at Ton
ion in the operations which ended in the
battle of Trafalgar. Nelson, as is well
known, used Sardinia as his base of sup
plies, and it .vas while he was refitting
there that Admiral VHleneuve escaped
from Toulon and got clear away to Mar
tlnqtte, when lie returned to European
waters, where he was at last brought lo
bay. <
CAINES OF MIKE DI8ATER8
From Harper's Weekly.
Many mine catastrophes are directly
due to tile movement of the earth, shown
in the tendency of the ground around
the pit to sink, ami Internally by the
droop in the vault and in the sides of
the mines; such dislocations are due not
only to the pressure of the weight of the
ground, but to latent pressure resulting
from internal motion sllll in progress,
though dating from the early stages of
the earth.
As a consequence of its cooling after
the incandescent state, the outer crust of
the earth was subjected to pressure which
is still existent, as is shown by spon
taneous movements of the rock masses.
In some quarries where the gneiss Is very
hard, even, and of the same quality
throughout, the ground swells in long
ridges and Is rent asunder with prodig
ious noise. All the rocks are in a state
of compression due to the mechanical ac
tions to which they have been subjected.
Such action is peculiarly intense In coal
mines, and it takes offect not only upon
the galleries, where it bends the pillars
and the steel ami crushes the masonry,
but on the coal also, which it softens and
so works as to release the gas contained ,
In it under pressure of perhaps several
atmospheres. In view of taking precau
tions against such action, engineers advise
an allowance of suppleness or "give” in
the supports of the mine.
Tile ground pressure is responsible, at
least in part, tor explosions of tire damp.
Continually recurring strong ground pres
sure modinies tho permeability of the
strata, creates numerous channels in the
coal masses and makes issues for the
gas. In some eases the gas "blows out"
of the coal at the extreme limits of the
mine and abnormal and repeated escapes
of gas crush the rock.
HEW USE FOR BUTTERMILK
Georgetown (Del.l Special to the Phila
delphia North American.
A discovery which should be hailed with
delight by painters has been made by
Walter S. Camper of near Bowers. Cam
per's discovery Is that linseed oil is a
thing of the past In mixing oil If there Is
plenty of buttermilk available. Camper
was painting his house when he found
that there was no linseed oil for mixing
the paint.
The cans of paint had been left out 'n
the yard near a mischievous child. Cam
per went hack to the paint and discovered
that It worked nil right. Investigation
showed that the child had emplted a
pitcher of buttermilk into the paint, and
that It had completed the mixing as well
as linseed oil.
ALABAMA THE WETTEST STATE
From Farm and Fireside.
Fronj weather bureau data covering
a period of 14 years, it has been dis
covered that the average temperature
of the United States is 52.9 degrees
Fahrenheit, and the annual amount of
rainfall Is 1308 cubic miles.
The state of Arizona had the lowest
amount of annual precipitation, 1>.8
Inches, of any state during the 14 years
which extended from 1891 to 3904 in
c3uslve. Alabama had the_ greatest
amount of rainfall, 71.6 Inches'.
The state having the lowest average
temperature was North Dakotn, 35.5 de
grees. Florida had the highest tem
perature, 71.8 degree^.
IIAZARg OF HVDERABA11
By the Hindu poet. Sarojlni Naiilu.
What do you sell, O ye merchant). ?
Richly your wares are displayed.
Turbans of crimson and silver.
Tunics of purple brocade.
Mirrors with panels of amber.
Daggers with handles of jade.
What do you make. 0 ye goldsmiths?
Wristlet and anklet and ring.
Bells for the feet of blue pigeons.
Frail us a dragon fly’s wing.
Girdles of gold for the dancers,
Scabbards of gold for the king.
What do you cry, O-ye frultman?
Citron, pomegranate and plum.
What <lo you play, O musicians?
Cithar. sarangi and drum.
What do you chant, O magicians?
Spells ton the aeons to come.
What do you weave, O >e flower girls
With tassels of azure and red?
Crowns for tho brow of a bridegroom,
Chaplets to garland his head.
Sheets of white blossoms new gathered
To perfume the sleep of the dead.

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