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The Birmingham age-herald. [volume] (Birmingham, Ala.) 1902-1950, June 17, 1913, Image 1

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Upholds State Railroad
Legislation in Four
Legislation Includes 2-Ccnt Passen
ger Laws in Missouri, Arkansas
and West Virginia—The Ken
tucky Case Not Decided
WitNhington, June 16.—Without vary.
•«K a dot from the piluolpleii laid down
lent week In ttie lllnncNotH rnte case
the supreme eourt of 4ht» United Stolen
upheld state .tlroad rate leglNlntlon
lu Mlnnourl, IrkansaN, Oregon mid
West Virginia.
This legislation included 2 cent passen
ger laws In Missouri, Arkansas and West
Virginia; maximum freight rate laws in
Missouri and Arkansas, and freight rates
out of Portland in the Oregon cases. Tho
only exception to the sweeping approval
of state statues was in the case of several
„weaker roads in Missouri.
The Kentucky case -was not decided, it
Involves an attack upon state rates from
river points to inland distillery cities, and
involves, in addition, mi uttack on the
constitutionality of the form McChord act,
enabling the state railroad commission
to fix reasonable rates on intrastate busi
ness. A decision In this case may be
forthcoming when the court meets again
in October.
Justice Hughes announced the decision
in the rate cases today, as lie did in the
Minnesota cases a week ago. Wherever
the point was raised that the state laws
interfered witli nterstate commerce, tho
justice referred to his Minnesota rate de
cision. lie disappointed any who believed
the court might in some way modify that
Need Not Review Arguments
**We need not review the arguments ad
dressed to conditions of transportation In
Missouri and the Station of intrastate to
interstate rat^s," lie salii, “for while the
case has Us special facts by reason of
location of the state, and the use of the
Mississippi ami Mussour rivers as basing
point in rate making, the controlling ques
tion thus presmted with reference to the
authority of the state to prescribe rea
sonable intrastate rates throughout us
territory, unless ft miffed by the exercise ->n
iho-part of Congress of i * constitutional
power over interstate obinmefcv and its
Instruments, is ti >t to be distinguished in
any material -aspect from that width was
considered and act ided m the Minnesota
rate cases.
The Oregon aud West. Virginia cases
were decided :n favor of the states in a
few words, the only point raised by th^
railroads being that the; laws interfered
with interstate commerce.
Justice Huglus went fully Into an ex
amination of claims in the Missouri and!
Arkansas cases that the property of the
railroads devoted to Intrastate business
would be confiscated.
Ah a result the state rates will become |
operative on tho Chicago, Burlington and !
Quincy; the Atchison, Topeka and Santa
Fe, the Kansas City Southern, the Mis
souri, Kansas and Texas, the Chicago,
Rock Island and Pacific (including the St.
Louis, Kansas City and Colorado), the St.
Louis and San 1< ran Cisco, the St. Louis
Southwestern, the Missouri Pacific, the
St. Louis, Iron Mountain and Southern,
the-Wabash, tho Chicago, Milwaukee and
St. Paul snd tho Chicago and Alton.
Will X*ot Become Operative
For the present the rates will not be
come operative >n the St. Kouls and Han
nibal, the Kansas City, Clinton and
Springfield, the Chicago Great Western,
the Quincy, Omaha and Kansas City, and
the St. Joseph and Grand Island.
The court refusal to accept the valua
tion placed upon railroads in Missouri by
the state’s assessing board as a basis lor
fixing the “fair value’’ for figuring
whether the rates confiscated property.
Justice Hughes took the case oi the Bur
lington, and showed that by applying the
assessment value (multiplied three times
as was done by the federal court in Mis
souri) to the whole system. A system
a result would be obtained in $155,(K}0,not)
in excess of the capitalization of the sys
tem, besides, he said, there was nothing
to show upon what tin1! assessors fixed
their valuation nor was it demonstrated
that the assessors avoided the mistakes
criticised in the Minnesota rate decision.
“Manifestly, a finding or confiscation
could not he based on such a valua
tion in the absence of clear and convinc
ing proof that the value actually existed
and that the different Items of property
.were estimated respectively by correct
methods and in accord with proper
criteria of value,” said Justice Hughes.
“This proof was lacking. In the ca? *
of the other roads, although the special
considerations which have been mentioned
with respect to the Burlington property
may not be applicable, still we are left
Ira uncertainty as to the correctness of
specific valuations which have been
Property Apportionment
Apportionment of property value be
tween interstate and Intrastate passenger
and freight traffic, according to gross
revenue, was disapproved for “reasons
stated in the Minnesota rate cases.”
Coming to an apportionment of ex
penses. Justice Hughes said the plan
adopted by the lower court of applying
the revenue basis was open to the same
(Continued on rage Two)
“Father of Beet Industry”
Tells of Formation of
Sugar Trust
Had No Knowledge of Editorial Re
flecting Upon Senator Gronna.
“Sugar at a Glance"
Comes Up Again
Washington, June 16.—Henry L#. Oxnard,,
known as the “father of the beet indus
try," and the vice president of the Amer
ican Beet Sugar company, was the prin
cipal witness today before the Senate
lobby investigating committee. Mr. Ox
nard was on the stand for several hours
and proved an entertaining witness. He
told the committee how New York hank
ers who helped to organize the beet sugar
company insisted upon putting in about
$15,00,000 “water” in that $20,00,000 cor
poration; iiow lie and his brothers had
made about $1,000,000 bf tlie sale of much
o ftlieir share of tills watered stock and
gave warning that the Underwood bill,
with its free sugar provision, would re
sult, in his opinion, in the formation of
a new "sugar trust" which would not
violate the anti-trust law.
The committee took Mr. Oxnard over
most of the ground that other anti-free
sugar witnesses huve covered. He told
them he received $10,0i » a year in his of
fiyial capacity, but that it was not for
"executive work." The questioners
learned that he had been fighting reduc
tions in sugar duties for many years,
and heard witli interest that he knew
something gbout "Sugar at a Glance,"
the celebrated pamphlet that was made
a Senate document and sent over the
country postage free under the frank of
Senator Hodge.
Springs a Surprise
The committee got a surprise today
when A. Y. Moore, owner of the Fargo,
N D., Courier-News, and A. B. Baker,
general manager of that paper, gave their
testimony about an editorial recently,
printed in the News, which Senator Gron
na thought was a reflection upon him,
and which led to their being subpoenaed.
Both men made the long trip to Wash
ington in answer to the Senate summons
and then declared under oath that they
knew nothing of the editorial until they
it in print, it was wvitieu, they said,
by James A. Metcalfe of ilendive, Mont.,
temporarily employed while Baker was
away from Fargo. Both Moore and
Baker said that they had no reason to
doubt Senator Gronna’s political and pri
vate integrity and honesty, and Moore
said that a retraction might be printed.
Metcalfe had written the editorial, they
thought, merely in a flippant way.
Another witness was Hiram ,Gove of
Denver, employed at $6000 a year by the
Great Western Sugar company, who said
he had given up the last eight years to
a study of the economic side of sugar
and to convincing congressmen of the
soundness of his views for a duty on that
article. Mr. Gove testified that before ills
employment by tlie sugar company lie had
been superintendent of schools of Den
ver. A It hough tlie thermometer outside
the committee room was trying hard to
step over the 100 mark and two electric
fans were kept busy all day long in an
endeavor to make a cool spot in the sur
rounding heat. Mr. Gove sat for half
an hour in the witness chair with an
overcoat over ills knees. He had not
talked with many senators, he said, lute
he remembered a dinner with Senator
Bristow at whivb he tried to convince
the senator of the necessity of the "dutch
standard" in sugar, instead of convinc
ing Mr. Bristow, he explained he came
away convinced that the dutch standard
was unnecessary. Twice in eight years
he had appeared before committees of
Congress and lie had delivered addresses
before various organizations on the sugar
Austin Last Witness
Harry A. Austin, employed by Trueman
G. Palmer, the Washington representa
tive of the United States beet industry.
v\as tiie Iasi witness. The committee
spent nearly two-hours in an attempt to
find out just whit happened to "sugar
at a glance.” alter the Senate ordered
much of tiie material ill it printed as a
public document and its actual nr pear
a nee in pamphlet form. They endeavored
to find out what he knew about an al
leged order of tiie Senate regarding the
printing of the pamphlet, which d>es not
appear in Senate' records, but is printed
on the title page of "Sugar at a Glance.”
The best information Austin could give
was that ids order which lias aroused
the indignation of the committee, must
have appeared in proofs received at Pal
mer’s offices from the government print
ing office. Officials of that office have
already explained to the committee that
they knew nothing about this order, but
they have not been put upon the stand.
They probably will be heard later.
| Washington, June 16.—The Presi- •
• dent does not plan to attend the $
• bicentennial celebration of the bal- $
• tie of Gettysfield next month. He $
$ will l>e at the summer White *
• House at Cornish, N. IT., over •
• Juiy 4. *
Positions of Cotton Reporters Not to Be Given to Men Over
Sixty Years of Age, According to Rule Laid Down
Ey Census Bureau
.Washington. June 1G.—(Special.)—If a
rule lajd down by the census bureau is
allowed to stand, ex-confederate soldiers
cannot be appointed to the position of
cotton reporters Congressmen in tr>
cotton states have; from 25 to 50 of these
places, for which )they are expected to
recommend candidates.
Representative Q^lnn of Mississippi,
put In the name of A. St. Martin of
Hazlehurst, for cotton reporter, and also
recommended A. B. Carter on alternate,
but as both men are over «0 years old
they were turned down by the census
bureau. Today Mr. Quinn named Morgan
Bass as his third choice but, it Is said,
that the rule laid down by this admin
istration will be strictly adhered to and
If so that will certainly bar out old con
€»y -
These are the principal figures in (lie Hnertn-Dfax compact termination act of the ishlftlng drama In Mexico.
General Dlox elided hla compact with President Iluerta, who now UNNiimeM entire reaponalhllity for the government,
and General lllanquet becomes the new minister of war. PrCnldent Huerta haw assumed untrammelled direction of
the government and la facing: a Nltuntlou far worse than anything that confronted the late Krauclnco I. Madero or
General Porflrlo Dlan.
_ ___ __
Proposal to Strike Out Pro
vision for Countervailing
Duty on Live Stock
and Wheat
Washington. June kfc&The much moot
ed agricultural schedule of the t’nder- i
wood tariff bill was suddenly upset again
by the majority members of the Senate
finance committee late today when a mo
tion was made to reconsider action taken
earlier In the day approving the free
listing of live stock and wheat, subject
to a countervailing duty.
The proposal now Is to strike out the
provision for a countervailing duty and
leave cattle, sheep and hogs and wheat
on the free list unrestricted. Members
of the committee said tonight that this
probably would be done by the majority.
No reason for the change was announced.
For weeks the equalization of agricul
tural raw products and finished products,
which Were differentiated in the I’nder
wood hill, has been a problem for the
democratic senators in which President
Wilson hps taken an active interest.
Meats on Free List
The House put meats and flour on the;
free list, leaving live stock and grains
dutiable at 10 per cent advaloreni and
10c a bushel respectively. The Senate
finance subcommittee, soon aftc r receiv
ing the schedule, agreed to equalize the
rates and eventually voted to make the
raw material and the finished products all
dutiable. No sooner had this conclusion
been reached than Senator Simmons and
other democratic members of the finance
committee determined that the problem 1
would aot be settled rightly if left that
way. They were of the opinion that all
products which enter into the cost of
living should go on the free list and Pres
ident Wilson agree*! with them.
Senator Simmons communicated this in
formation to the subcommittee and it re
considered its action, placing all these
products on the free list. Later It was
announced that the committee would add
a countervailing duty clause which would
make the products free only from coun
tries which did not make them dutiable
from this country. This would operate
against the fre entry of live stock from
such countries as Canada and the Argen
Enlarge Free List
rho committee today further enlarged
the free list by voting to take hemp and
ramie from the dutiable list. The Un
derwood bill rates on llax were from 1 to
lVi cents per pohhd and on hemp and
ranile from % to 1 rent per pound, ac
cording to grade. It was argued that
these products should class with ot .er
products of -the farm, and that by free
listing them the cost of living might he
beneficially affected. Rates on finished
products from these materials wore ma
terially reduced.
It alio was decided not to consider the
amendment proposed by Senator Hitch
cock which would provide a graduated
revenue tax on the output of tobacco. This
amendment followed suggestions made by
Attorney General McReynolds. but which
the administration did not see lit to in
dorse at this time
Ranahus, which have never been sub
ject to a tariff lax, were put on the dut
iable list by action of the committee.
To encourage American growers was
given as the reason.
Despite many protests against the cuts
In the citrus fruit rates made, In the
House bill, the Senate committee left the
schedule as It was. A'o change was made
In the liquor schedule* but it was left
Open for amendment,. Senator Pomerene
asking to he heard tomorrow' on the mat
Another important addition to the
free llsl was made by the. Senate com
mittee late tonight when hair of the
angora goat and mohair were sheared
of the 40 per pent ad valorem duty
proposed In the Underwood bill. Under
the Payne law- angora hatr.was- dultable
nt 1 lie a pound, the equivalent ol OSi.lJ
per cent a.-l valorem.
The committee com*>l»t*d tip. wool
and sugar schedules without snv other
material changes. There were' a lew
minor alterations in rates In manufac
tures of the wool and the duties on
certain silk yarns were changed from
ad valorem to speclflo.
Berlin, June 16.—One of the first dele
gations received by Emporer William
today to congratulate him on the at
tainment of the twenty-fifth anniver
sary of his reign was that headed by
Andrew Carnegie.
The Americans presented to the Em
peror an address signed by.a large num
ber of their countrymen, The address
was in part as follows:
"To -llis TmpeitJfl Ma’Jfrst^V thr 'r?e?*mAh
“On behalf of organizations and so
cieties which represent the effort of
American citizens of every section, creed
and race to advance the cause of civ
ilization we venture to express to your
imperial majesty our congratulations
upon a reign notable in countless ways,
in none more so than in the mainte
nance of 25 years of unbroken peace
between Germany ancl the other na
tions of the world.
"Tlie memorable words of your ma
jesty shortly after ascending the throne,
‘The peace of my country is sacred to
me,' came both from the head and the
heart. Sacred, indeed, the peace, tlio
older and the prosperity of the Ger
man people have l>een. More than once
during the past 25-fears M has been
the high privilege of your majesty not
only to exercise peaceful forbearance,
but to inspire it In others.
"We beg to tender our thanks to
your imperial majesty for what you
have done to prevent war and to ad
vance the coming of the day when
there shall be peace upon earth to
men and good will."
Such Is View of Underwood
After a Conference
With President
Washington, Jjne 16.- Public opinion,
the sovereign voice in law making, is to |
decide whether there shall be currency j
legislation during the present session of]
This was the view which Representative
OBeur Underwood, the democratic leader1
in the J-fouse, took after a conference, with
President Wilson at the White House to
In the face of conflicting expressions
from prominent democrats in Congress as
to the necessity for currency reform flut
ing the pres feat ^ sstion, it is the avowed
purpose of the administration to launch
a currency oil! in the House an/i Senate
before Friday <>f this week, which will be
I Con tin lied on |»«ge IHghO
..IfllllH.KV" wkbiirk
“llrldicey" \\ either, the urn miller who
turned atiite’* e%!denee axatnat lieu
tenant Heeker nurt live four cunruen now
In |h ilentli liomw* nt Slug SIiijj fur
the Hu e.'dhni mlirdrr, hi;* her a .-.tabbed
In the hnek, and hla aanollanta, be
lieved by the poller to hr gunmen em
ployed to wreak vengeance upon him
lor IiIn port *« the Koaentbal euae, ea
Prominent Doctor Killed by
Woman in Savanah.
Cause of Tragedy
Savannah, June 16. Dr. Guy O. Brink
ley, a physician of this city, was shot to
death In his office here tills afternoon
about 5 o’clock by Mrs. Eugene 11. Whis
nant, a widow, who after firing six shots
at Dr. Brinkley, sent a seventh bullet
through her temple, falling lifeless across
the body of her victim. The police are
searching for an unknown woman who
is said to have accompanied Mrs. Whis
nant to the doctor's office.
Dr. Brinkley, wn«» was about D years
old and unmarried, camp here about seven
years ago from Suffolk. Ya. He was pop
ular socially and professionally. Mrs.
Kittles was the daughter of a Savannah
boarding house keeper.
No cause has nn assigned for the trag
“It is said that when Mrs. Whisnant
and her companion reached the doc
tor’s office, Mrs. Whisnant wont with
Dr. Brinkley into hi private office, the
other woman remaining In the outer of
fice. A few minutes later the tiring
gun, and Dr. Brinkley rushed out, fol
lowed by Mrs. Whisnant. who v. <s
steadily tiring. Dr. Brinkley called to
a maid servant to call the police an I
the woman ran for help. Mrs. Whis
nant Is said to have pursued the doc
tor to the porch and back Into the of
fice, continuing to fire at him. Her
sixth shot entered bin heart, killing him
instantly Tlw* woman then shot her
self through ih< head.
“Mrs. Whisnant was about years
old. Her late husband is said to hav
been a eitb.en uf Charlotte. N. c. she
had lived with her mother here for a
number of yeurs."
1— Supreme court extends rulings on rail
road rate.
Oxnard witness before lobby commit
Carnegie congratulates Kmperor Wil
lin m.
Scouts encounter splendid roads.
West Virginia strike district in dis
2— Cattle expert in Madison county.
3— Interpretations of McAdoo's words of
wide variety.
4— Editorial comment.
6—T^ane will make report today.
Preacher may contest tendency of
All quiet after mass meeting
7 Sports.
i ^’Iit on proposed revival.
■ Ladies contest on club links for Kirk
ot-p.j, /.i»n
10—Brewer satisfied with work of solons.
o .uo.i.iiig in Berlin
14—Heat wave visits northeast.
Keller and Party Reach
Tuscumbia—Mass Meet
ing- Is Held
Engineer Will Recommend State]
Highway Through Tennessee VaN |
ley. Including Tri-Cities and Ex
tending Toward Huntsville
Tuscumbia. June 16.—<rtp€»clat i -Speed
ing over eight miles of excellent. pike
road from Decatur to the Lawrence
county line and passing through Law
rence county, over fairly good roads by
way of Wheeler, Courtland and the vil
lage of Town Creek, the state highway
scouting party, under t lie supervision
of State Engineer W. S. Keller, entered
Colbert county shortly alter 10 o'clock
tills morning, and followed the pike road
just off the county line to Leighton and
Tuscumbia, at which place the scouts
were received by u large party of citi
Tlie trip from Decatur to Tuscumbia
was accomplished in a comparative!
short time. The Buiek touring car. in
which the party were traveling, left Df
catur at 7:!!•» o'clock this morning and.
although there wer • several delays on
the way to Tuscumbia tin* state scouts
entered that eit> at 11:20 o'clock.
Firsl Tire Trouble
The first tin* trouble the cut- has had
since leaving Mobile last Monday morn
ing after traveling for a distance of 600
miles, occurred when the party reached
YVheoler in Lawrence county, the home
of General Joo Wheeler. The trip
througli the HloUlit county hills had
worn the casing off the rear wheels, and
a puncture occurred just oposite the
home of the famous confederate general.
However, a new tire was quickly substi
tuted by Driver Otto Barr, and the car
proceeded on to Tuscumbia without fur
ther accident.
A few miles outside of Tuscumbia the
highway party was met by three auto
mobiles from the city. These machines
contained prominent citizens from the
tri-cities, who had come to meet the state
scouts, and to extend them a welcome
into their midst. The highway party fol
lowed by the* Tuscumbia citizens, who
had driven out to men the state scouts,
then proceeded on to the city, and drove
up to the county courthouse, where a
mass meeting was held in honor of the
visitors. About 100 or more well known
citizen* from Tuscumbia, Sheffield and
Florence were present at the meeting
at the courthouse.
Ovation for Keller
Judge E. B. Almon of Tuscumbiu,
speaker of the house of representatives.
: was called to preside over the meeting,
and in an appropriate address, he intro
duced State Engineer Keller to the au
dience. Tlie ovation which Mr. Keller re
ceived upon rising to address the au
dience was the most conclusive evidence
of the interest and favor with which
citizens of the tri-cities entertain all
questions looking to road building and
highway improvement. The state engi
neer’s address was of a. timely nature.
He told them of his trip from Mobile,
described the nature of the roads over
which he had passed, and promised that
he would recommend to the highway
commission that a state highway lead
through the Tennessee valley, taking in
the tri-cities, and extending eastward to
Huntsville, and to other places in this
! section of tin* state.
Following Mr. Keller s address, Judge
J. H. Nathan of Sheffield made a short
talk in which ho suggested that there
he appointed a committee of five each
from Tuscumbia, Sheffield and Flor
ence to go to (Juin in Marion county
next Monday for the purpose of creating
sentiment in favor of the proposi d high
way front Tuscaloosa to the Tri-Cities,
a distance of 120 miles.
Committees Appointed
Judge* Nathan’s remarks met with
Immediate favor and Judge Almon ap
pointed the following committees from
the audience fur Tuscumbia: J. T. Kirk.
T. R. Jones, Fred Street, J. K. lsl>elt
and Judge K. H. Almon, the latter
having been selected by the meeting
of the whole as chairman ol tic three
committees. For Sheffield. J. L. An
drews, Judge J. 11. Natliam, II. .VI.
Hailey, J II. Lester and (\ I*. Almon.
For Florence. H. W. Frierson. M. I*.
Morrison, Paul Hodges, H. A. Prad
shaw and M. VV. Camper. Practically
every one of the 15 members of the
committees appointed from the audieiuv
to represent the Tri-Cities at the Hula
meeting signified his intention of be -
ing present, all declaring that tins
were Interested in the proposed high
way and that they would use their in
fluence to push Hu project through to
si successful termination.
Following the mass meeting at the
Colbert county courthouse the high
way scouting party were entertained
at dinner by a number of citizens of
Tuscumbia. At no place in the state
has lOngineer Keller and bis party met
with a. warmer reception than at Tus
cumlda. Sentiment in favor of good
roads and the construction of a state
highway through Colbert county as a
part of the system of trunk muds has
crystallised to fever heat In this sec
tion tin tied on I'uge Two)
Miners and Detectives Bring
Tales of New Strike to
Senate Committee
Detective Agency Official 'Pells Com
mittee of Conditions During the
Height of Strike—Cross
Examined by Stedman
Charleston, VY. Va.. June lti.— With a
renewal of the industrial war In the
Paint and Cabin Creek mine districts
generally reported the Senate mine strike
• ommittee today continued its examina
tion of witnesses. During the day min
ers, detectives and agents of the mine
operators came down from the strike
region with tales of a new strike de
elarcd, and the district was again thrown
Into disorder.
The local union of the United Mine
Workers of America No. 17, has not
• ailed a now strike on Paint and Cabin
Creeks. Thomas Hagert.v, a member of
tin- international miner’s board being
called tonight.
Not Sure of Men
“Hut we cannot be sure of the men
\vl»o arc working up In the field.” ho
said. "Tiie operators have not lived up
to the agreement under which the men
went bark to work, and which was
drawn by Governor Hat field. We have
tried to prevent a further strike, but
I am convinced that tiie miners up
there have ultFady decided not to con
tinue work under the conditions which
prevail there now. Meetings were held,
in the creeks yesterday, and tiie men
expressed dissatisfaction with conditions.
They decided to strike, and the union
cannot control them.”
A committee of miners from tiie Cabin
Creek section came to Charleston today
to urge the United Mine workers officials
t*» call ti general strike. They Imre the
instructions of a mass meeting held in
the hills yesterday.
Testimony Routine
Tin* testimony presented to the Senate
committee today was largely routine and
cumulative. Thomas L. Feltz, vice pres
ident of the Baldwin-Feltz Detective
agency, which supplied the mine guards
| i »r the Paint Creek and Cabin'-Creek op
j era tor $ during the strike, was the
I c|pal wi tTiffiy.'
| Mr. Fellz told the committee that when
I i in* trouble on Paint and cabin creeks
I was at its height bis concern bad about
lD) armed men on Cabin creek and about
men on Paint creke. Me also said that
his company hail from six to 10 men
working in the strike district os "secret
service operatives."
“Did your men make a list of those men
who were organizers for tin* United Mine
Workers and those men who were active
in the union for tiie use of the oper
ators?” asked Senator Stedman. attorney
for tiie miners.
The wilnes said such a list had been
"One of the objects of your organiza
tion.'* asked Mr. Strdman, "when it Is
employed, is to prevent the organization
of branches of the United Mine Work
"Yes, that is one of tiie objects. ' said
Mr. Feltz denied emphatically tlicit any
of bis men operated in tile strike district
after Governor Glasscock declared mar
tial law. He also denied that any Bald
win- Felty. men were on tin- armored train
which fired into the strikers’ camp at
Holly Grove in February.
Senator Kenyon ascertained from Mr.
Feltz that men were employed "to join
tho unions to find out what was going
on," in order to carry out tiie purpose
of preventing union organization.
Senator Marline was interested in the
character of men employed by Feltz as
guards in the local fields and questioned
him closely as to the instructions issued
to imn who were hired as guards. Af
ter a lengthy examination as to the quali
fications which the agency demanded
when men applied for places Senator Mar
tine demanded "when It was a question
whether it man possessed physical cour
age or mom! courage, which way did
you decide?"
Ueceivcd $.100 Per I>h%
Foltz was not quite sure and the sena
tor asked rather impatiently. "When a
man name to you for a place and it was
a question as to whether he could shoot
well to* pray well, which did you chooso'V’
With a sm.le the chief of tiie guards
a nswened:
"Well, 1 think to shoot well would bo
the qualification needed in a contro
versy such as there was in the creeks."
Feltz told tiie committee his concern
lcceivf'd something over a day for
the services rendered by its men in the
field on tiie creeks when the trouble was
at its height.
Seoi * s of witnesses called by the miners
today testified that tin- principal trouble
in tiie strike districts was caused by tiie
I’nited Mine Workers of America.
I Jr. (\ A. Hay, the next witness, was
the doctor for tiie Consolidated Coal Com
pany on Cabin creek. He said the sani
tary conditions of the company's mine
were as good as could he maintained.
Hr. Hay described at length health
' onditions on Cabin creek, saying that
the common it> was generally healthy.
He said the inauguration of the guard
(Continued on l*ngc liiglit)
Anxious to Ascertain Heal Feeling in United States With Ref

franco to California Land Legislation—un
official Mission
Washington, Jmn Kuur prominent
Jrpanese have arrived in Washington j
in pursuance of an Inquiry they are i
making to ascertain the real feeling hi j
tho United States regarding tin* return*:
between Japan and America, with spe
cial reference to the California land leg
islation. They are Ur. Soyeda. one of
the foremost statesmen and liananeiers
•f Japan and Messrs. Kamiya, Shima
and Abeko, the latter < iitor mi a Jap*
ancso paper in San Francisco.
The visitors art? charged with 116 offi
cial mission, but arc engaged in an al
truistic effort to ascertain and. if no»
slblo, to remove the causes that have
been imposing a strain upon the ricndly
relations between America and Japan
During their stay in Washington they
will seek conferences with some of the
higher officials of the government as well
as with members of Congress.

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