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J THE BIRMINGHAM AGE-HERALD VOLUME XXXXIII_ BIRMINGHAM, ALABAMA, WEDNESDAY, JUNE IS, 1011 120 PAGES NUMBER 11 AT STORMY SESSION OF MINE PROBE COMMITTEE OPERATORS’ STORY TOLD Feeling Runs High in Morn ing Session—Encounter Narrowly Averted QUINN MORTON PRINCIPAL WITNESS —A.— ... following Conference of Senators, Martine Yields Charge of Hear ing to Kenyon—Operators Issue Protests Charleston, \V. Vo., Juue 17.— At n Stormy session of the Senate mine atrlke coin ml (tee at which a nenr list tight between Senator Martlne of New Jersey and Hulmi .Morton, manager of the l*nlnt Creek Operators* association was narrowly averted. The eon! oper ators of Paint anil Cabin creeks today presented I heir s dc of the controversy. Mr. Morton, principal witness for the Operators, discussed the nttnek on tli<* strikers* eniiip nt Holly Grove from mi armored train nnd precipitated the clash with Senator Martlne nt the close of the morning session This afternoon following an earnest conference between Senators Swanson, KenyOn and Martlne, Senator Kenyon took charge of the hearing and Senator Martino did not ask a single question, although he had beei a persistent ex aminer during the morning. All through the morning session feeling ran high, counsel for the operators three times protesting against the methods of examination employed by Senator Mar tlne. The afternoon session went off quietly. Conclude Examination The committee made plans tonight to conclude the examination of witnesses tomorrow afternoon and to start for Washington that evening. Many wit nesses will he left to be examined in AVashington when hearings are reopened there and the committee may determine to return to Charleston later. Conditions were quiet among the min ers on Paint and Cabin creeks today, according to advices from the hills, al though officials of the United Mine Work ers declared they expected further trou ble soon. The union board for the New river field district will meet tomorrow to consider a strike there, which if de clared, it will involve nearly 15,oOQ men. Defends Position Wuinn Morton defended his position taken by the employers throughout, de claring they were utterly unable to ac cede to the terms offered by the miners although4he latter wore narrowed down to recognition of the anion. He went Into details as to the negotiations which preceded the strike in April, 1912. Mr. Morton and others discussed at length the tight at the miners’ camp at JTolly Grove on the night of February 7, when, witness for the miners testified, a machine gun raked the town from an armored train. Mr. Morton flatly de nied the statement of Dee Calvin, an ex mine guard, called by the strikers, that ho had urged that the train be backed up and that the men on board "give them another round.” This statement, and Cal vin’s declaration that Morton had re marked, "Didn't we give them hell?” after the train passer! the town, were the disputed points which Mr. Morton vig orously denied and precipitated the clash between the witness and Senator Martlne. When Chairman Swanson announced the noon adjournment Mr. Morton remarked: “We'll all go down and take a few drinks and then we’ll feel better.” Senator Mar tlne boiled over ami Sergeant at Arms Tigglns. Senators Kenyon and Swanson had difficulty quieting things. This afternoon K. S. Deitch, engineer, and William Tardy, fireman, of the ar mored train, the night of the Holly Grove fight, both testified that the first shots were fired from the hills along the tracks at Holly Grove. Japan Ratifies Treaty Toklo, June 17.—Japan has ratified the new commercial treaties with Austria und Italy, providing for the right of the sub ject of the countries to own real prop erty in Japan, conditional upon Austria and Italy granting Japanese similar right*. TODAY’S AGE-HERALD 1—Mine operators tell story of con ditions. Madison favors state highway. Senate lobby trail leads to private files. Tennessee state debt a serious problem. Jones leads fight on meat and cattle. ff—A rinual meeting of Board of Trade, ft—Alabama liigh as cotton producing state. 4—rEditorial comment, ft—Law governing sale of meat to be enanged. Experts will show power advan tages. N. P. T. Finch dead. Steel corporation dissolution talk here, ft—Society. 7— *—Sports. 8— Franklin teachers allowed license. 9— Begin Central of Georgia rate hear in g. 10— Underwood makes strong address t'j Virginia alumni. 11— O’Neal going to Colorado springs. 12— Think Senate will renew treaties. 14— Canadian polor expedition sets out. 15— Morgan and Pettus memorial chosen 17— Markets. 18- 126—Jubilee edition.. STRONG SENTIENT IN MADISON IN FAVOR OF STATE HIGHWAY i Scouts Given Enthusiastic Reception Upon Arrival In Huntsville SMOOTH SAILING OVER ROADS IN LIMESTONE Trip Made to Tennessee Line Over Excellent Pike—Madison Spends Entire State Appropria tion on Roads By 1„ S. BETTY Huntsville,- June 17.—(Special.)—As one of the. pioneers of the state in road build ing. Madison county may be said to pos sess as strong sentiment in favor of a state highway as any county In Alabama. This fact, was clearly demonstrated this afternoon upon the arrival in Huntsville of State Engineer W. 8. Keller and his party of state scouts, who came here from Athens to inspect the roads of Mad ison county. Immediately upon their ar rival. the state scouting party were met ut the hotel here by Stale Senator Rob ert fcJ. Spraglns, chairman of tlie high way commission; Cl. Walter Jones, county engineer; Joseph J. Bradley, John P. Cooney, president of the Huntsville Cham ber of Commerce, and other prominent citizens of the city. Cordial Welcome to Scouts The Hunlsvdlt} party were just prepar ing to ride out in automobiles to meet the stale scouts when the latter arrived, the highway touring car having reached the city earlier than was anticipated. The welcome accorded the visitors was of a most cordial nature, and arrangements were at once made for a trip in automo biles to the Tennessee line, a distance of about 20 miles. The road leading from Huntsville to Lincoln county In Tennes see is all macadamized wjth the excep tion of a short stretch of highway, not more than three miles in extent. Much of this road was built by state aid, while it.c remaining stretch was constructed* by the county. This pike road is one of the best the state highway scouts have yet traveled over. and if t+ic other roads of the county are as good as represented, Madison county should rank among the foremost of Hie state in the character ot its roads. The road leading into Huntsville from Athens is nearly as good as the pike ex tending to the Tennessee ilne. Over the former highway the distance Is about 16 Utiles from-the Limestone county line, and this distance was covered by the state scouting car in about 40 minutes. How ever, the entire road between Athens and Huntsville is in a good condition. The distance between the two cities is 2.8 miles and the trip was made in one hour and 15 minutes, the entire road between the two places being good with the ex ception of a short stretch of a few miles. Madison county has spent its entire state appropriation in the construction of good roads, making $6000 which the county has drawn out of tlie treasury^ under the provisions of ttie slate high way law. In addition to the aid which has been received from the state, the county within the past two years has spent thousands of dollars from its dis pensary fund. It is declared that the annual revenue from this source which has been applied to roa<9 improvement during the last two years has been in the neighborhood of $20,000. Good Roads Sentiment Strong That there Is 11 le strongest possible sentiment in Madison county in favor ai roud building is shown by the fact that various property owners of the county have within the post six months offered to work and grade 22 miles of roads abutting on their property on condition that the county will gravel these roads. The county commissioners have accepted this offer, and the roads are now under construction. Regarding the proposed state highway which is in contemplation through this section of the state, and In whose interest Engineer Keller is making a preliminary survey to be pre sented to the highway commission. Madison Anxious for Highway Citizens of Madison county are very desirous of having a branch of the high way extend through tjjis county, and have given the state engineer every as surance of their sui port and co-operation in the building of this road if such shall be embraced in his recommendation. Sen ator Spruglns accompanied the state highway scouts this afternoon on the trip to the Tennessee line. As a good roads enthusiast, Senator SpraglnR Is one of the greatest in the stute, and he lias been instrumental in creating a large sentiment In the county- in favor or better highways. On the trip to the Tennessee line Senator Spraelns pointed out to the highway scouts many of the tine farms that have made this section of the state famous for its fertility and productiveness, and called attention to the healthy condition of the crops, the prosperous condition of the farm house, and to various other features of Interest to the scouting party. Scouts in Gadsden Today Engineer Keller und his party will leave early tomorrow morning for Oadsden and (Continued on Pane Eleven) PORT AU PRINCE IN GRIP OFI BUBONIC PLAGUE EPIDEMIC Port au Prince, Haytl, June 17.—An epidemic of bubonic plague has broken out at the seaport of Jactml, 30 miles from here. Numerous cases alrea«|y have resulted fatally. Jacmel has been isolated from the rest of the country b^ a cordon of troops and the government is taking energetic steps to prevent propaga tion of the disease. i ' ' 'l ' K_ Washington, June 17.—Surgeon Gen eral Blue of the public health service has taken steps to set up the usual seven-day quarantine against the bu bonic plague epidemic In Haytl. Outside of Haytl the plague situation In the WestvIndles is better now than It has been for many months. If the government of Haytl were to ask the United States for assistance public health service experts prob-1 iably would be In such wise sent there. INQUEST INTO STAMFORD. WRECK IN WHICH SIX PERSONS WERE KILLED AND A SCORE INJURED . ^ABNEy -SMITH v CORONER'S INQUEST INTO -STAMFORD VBgCK. CmaOlES „ DONEQTy (tNGlME DK2IVEQ.J TESTlPVlNG BfeFORE '*' CORONHB JOHN J PM€.i.AN Scenes at the inquest at Stamford, Conn., into the wreck on the New Haven railroad, causing the death of six persons and the serious injury of a score, are pictured here. The court room where the coroner heard the testimony was crowded with those interested to hear from the lip's of Charles H. Doherty, engine driver, whose engine bored almost completely through one of the passenger coaches in a rear end collision, the story of the wreck and how it happened. Thrilling every one ih the crowded court room, Doherty admitted that he was a green engine driver, that he had a wrenched back, which prevented him from being able to turn the reverse lever of the engine when he saw a warning signal, an I emphatically blamed the air brakes for the wreck. Doherty is h’dd under bond on a charge of manslaughter. “Barney” Smith was the fire man on Doherty’s engine. TRAIL OF “LOBBY” LEADS COMWIITTEE TO PRIVATE FILES Letters Produced From Pri vate Offices of Belt Sugar Industry and Laid Be fore the Committee Washington, June 17.—The trail of "the lobby" the Senate lias been following more than two weeks led today into the private files of the men in charge of the Washington offices of the Tnited State? beet sugar industry, the leading instru ment of the campaign against free sugar, and by originals of letters and telegrams and what purported to he copies of oth ers, developed testimony of what ap peared to .be an attempt at a far reach ing campaign to create public sentiment against free sugar through the columns of individual newspapers and the facilities j of press associations. It was a trail so long, so complicated and so winding that after more than two hours of patient effort, the committee had succeeded in reading into its record only a small part of the mass of correspond ence. which senators believed had pro duced most sensutional evidence yet de veloped. ■ Copies of Letters By subpoena duces tecum the commit tee got possession of copies of letters and telegrams of Clarence N. Hamlin, a Colo ludo Springs, Colo., newspaper owner and beet sugar man. In churge of the Wash ington office of the American Beet Sugar rssociatlon two years ago. The papers included what purported to be carbon copies ot letters, unsigned, but furnished as genuine by Harry A. Austin, a clerk in the offices of the Trueman G. Palmer, representative of the Cnited States beet sugar industry. The "industry" succeed ed the "association" about two years ago and Palmer succeeded Hamlin in charge While the committee was after the pri vate papers, Palmer, after conference with Senator Clark of Wyoming, Hamlin's uncle was wiring Hamlin urging him to get a lawyer to represent his interests. The committee had knowledge of that and hurried the letters into the records without regard to sequence. More than 70 had been read when adjournment was taken tonight. Those read., into the record were di rected to managers of beet sugar com panies, officers of the America^ Beet Sugar association, and friends of Hamlin indicating that Hamlin at the time oi their writing was an active figure In a campaign to organise support for the protection of the beet sugar industry and secure publicity against tariff reduc tions. ■ . < • Giving Out Interview Some told of Hamlin traveling to large cities, giving out interviews; other* writ ten in Washington indicated that he was trying to circulate matter-1 in defense of a sugar duty through newspapers, the Associated Press, and other channels, too offset what lie thought misleading state ments put out by sugar refiners. The text Indicated that his attempts at pub lit ity had nol always been as successful as he had hoped. Other letters referred (Cosllsutd os Page PIHe**) ~ SENA TE FAILS TO TAKE VOTE ON INDIAN BILL After Warm Debate Measure Goes Over Until Today—Meagre Information Charged By Senator Lane—Knocks Out Proposed Salary Increase Washington, June 17— Debate in the Senate over the Indian appropriation bill waxed warm today and consideration of the measure finally went over until to morrow without a vote. Senator Lane of Oregon, member of the Indian committee diarged his associates with presenting a bill with such meagre information before them that they were derelict to their duties. Senator Stone, chairman of the committee, retorted that Senator Lane was “just bring off without knowing what he was talking about.” Senator Chilton of West Virginia knocked out of the bill a proposed $12600 increase in salary for Cato Sells of Tex as, the newly appointed Indian commis sioner. Fifty men in West Virginia, he declared, would be willing to take the job at $6000. Senator Gallinger, had stricken out a provision for the settling of some 20,000 land suits in eastern Oklahoma saking that they must be of importance to some one and he had not had sufficient in formation In regard to the wisdom of the legislation. A bill for the annulment of contracts with Indians relating to tribal funds was in full swing when the Senate adjourned. Senator Fall had declared that the com mittee was seeking to annul contracts be cause it was charged a lobbyist held them. He declared holding up the Indians thus while some one robbed them was small business for senators. Senator Asfyurst replied that the facts were that ex-sena tors ami lobbyists were seeking to rob the Indians. SIX SUFFRAGETTE LEADERS GUILTY Trials of Militant Leaders Continue—Impassioned Speeches # London, June 17.—Six of the most prominent leaders of the militant, hi; f fragette organization and one of their male supporters today were found guilty of conspiracy to commit depredations and malicious damage to property. The women, officials of the Women's Political anti Social union, are Miss Hur- J riet Kerr, Miss Agnes Baku Miss Rachael Barrett, Mrs. Beatrice Saunders, Miss An. nld Kenney and Miss I.aura Lennox. The man is Edwin V. Clayton, analytical chemist expert. An impassioned speech in defense of the outrages committed by militant suf fragettes on dilapidated structures was delivered today in tire central criminal court by Mbs Anne Kenney, on trial for conspiracy. Her address served to en liven the proceedings, and her concluding words created a great impression. "if I've got to die to get the vote," she said, "I'll die willingly.’ whatever the verdict of tire jury today." Greater Interest was taken in today’s proceedings than in any previous stage of the trial. The courtroom was crowded. Women formed the majority of the audience, among them being Mrs. Wlhrfton Spencer Churchill, wife of the first lord of the ad miralty, and MIsh Violet Asquith, c.augh tei of the premier. Justifies Rebellion Miss Kenney asserted that tire action of the l ister unionists and the speeches of cabinet ministers, who she said hud as serted that the unenfranchised were Jus rtoollnnrd on Page Pourteeaj LOW RATE FIGHT Railroads Must Change Bookkeeping System to Show Confiscation Washington, June 17.—The state rate decisions which marked the session of the supreme court yesterday are regard ed by some as merely the beginning of a fight by the railroads against low rates. * In each ease where a railroad failed to sustain its claim that tlie state rates were confiscatory the supreme court espe clfically reserved the right of the road to begin new proceedings. This was true as to two roads in Minnesota, 12 in Missouri, and two in Arkansas, where Justice Hughes said the data on which the claim of confhrcation was based was too general. Whether any road can col lect data before tho interstate commerce commission concludes its valuation of all railroad property In the United States sufficiently accurate to satisfy the court that proper valuations have been arrived at is a pew question. Justice Hughes made it clear that the court will not ac cept generalizations or opinions as to valuations and expenses. Even teats of days or weeks will not satisfy. Lawyers construe the court’s opinion as saying that the railroads must Invent a more detailed system of book keeping. It has been estimated that the Inter state commerce commission will not com j plete Its valuation within five years. In | the meanwhile It Is regarded as certain r.hut some railroads will seek to convince the court they have accurate figures to show confiscation. Within the week after the Mlnnnesota rate decision was announced the Nor folk and Western filed In the supremo 4 lotitlnucd on Page Punrteruj . Indebtedness of $11,485,000 Matures July 1—Split Be tween Governor and the Legislature Nashville, June 17.—(Special.)—Ten nessee is in a desperate fix over the question of refunding the state debt of [$11,458,000 that matures July ], and I at the second attempted sale of the j refunding bonds this afternoon only about 10 pen cent of the issue were bid, but as the whole jssue had to be sold at once, the proposals for the* | small amounts were rejected, i As there can hr no more fruitless advertising, of the securities the state! is facing a default and the; only rem edy is for th© legislature to get to gether and authorize a short-time loan. At present this seems as hard a propo sition as it has been to get a 1‘avor ubV* bid for the state securities. . Th© regular democrats who are still holding open the January term of the legislature so that th© governor cannot) name in ex-tra session the legislation) ! to be acted on, have refused flatly to terminate the session and Governor) Hooper says he has no authority to call on the funionists who ran away) April J5> to prevent the passag© of the) ©lection law over the veto of the gov-j ernor. A\vhile the regulars and the fusion- j ists are playing for a political ad van - | tage, tin- state seems doomed to a de fault unless something is done within the next two weeks. Neither side shows signs of weakening and the situation grows more serious as July 1 ap proaches. Uf the bids today the Bank of Amer ica," New' York,*made an offer of $874.jo for 10U0 of th.* bonds that are for $l00u each, bearing 4 per cent and running for 40 years. Among the others there was a small bid at par, but all were rejected. Fully realizing just how desperate the case is. the state* funding board, headed by Governor. Hooper, tonight have is sued a call to the members of the general assembly to convene Thursday at 2 o’clock and save the credit of the state by en acting needed bond legislation. The democrats, not to be outdone by tin fusion movement, have called in their members to immediately join those who have been holding the legislature open. JAMES TO LEAD THE FIGHT AGAINST DUTY ON MEAT AND CATTLE Kentucky Senator Takes Vigorous Position Against Countervailing Duty MAY TAKE FIGHT TO PARTY CAUCUS Committee Hastens Work on Tariff Hill—Sundries Schedule Practi cally Complete—May Call Caucus Friday Washington, June 17.—An additional exemption of $500 for each child of n family In the income tax section of the tariff revision MU was determined upon tonight by the Senate finance subcommittee, of which Senator Wil liams Is chairman, and the change will be recommended to the majority member's of the committee tomorrow. Having determined upon this import ant amendment the subcommittee also is seriously considering recommending changing the. $1000 exemption in the Underwood bill to $3000. Senator Simmons, 'chairman of the finance committee, said tonight that the democratic caucus of the Senate will be called for Thursday, whether the finance committee majority had concluded with the schedules or not and that the caucus- could go over schedules already approved, while the committee was finishing its work. Washington. June 17.—Senator Ollle James of Kentucky, who made the sugar tariff speech in the Senate de fending the stand of President Wilson, has taken a vigorous position in the finance committee against the imposi tion of a countervailing duty on moat and cattle, and today announced that/ t he would carry the tight to the demo* Gratia senatorial caucus if lie failed to swing the committee into line. When the majority members of the finance committee resumed considera tion of the proposed countervailing du ties on agricultural products, Senator Janies emphatically declared that the public was entitled to unrestricted free cattle aiul meat. He did not oppose th® action of the democrats in free listing wheat and Hour with the countervailing duty added, but he opposed such a duty on cattle and meat so strenuously that’ ! ! final action on the matter was deferred, j Senator Simmons announced that the | -flatter was «t*icd for pr. Mentation to [the caucus insofar as wheat and Mour was concerned. Free Cal lie and Meat ‘T am for free cattl© and meat, and shall go to the limit to got it." said Senator James when his attitude be fore the committee became known. "Be cause som© countries levy a tax on th© imports of the American beef trust, why should we, in retaliation, starve the people of the United States? 1 favored free meat and free cattle In the campaign last fall, and T intend to do all I can to put them in the tar iff law.'* Th© majority members of the corn mil tee were in session until iato to night to hasten work upon the tariff bill and practically completed the sun dries schedule. Remaining for consid eration ate th© income tax and ad ministrative features of the bill, which tin* commltte© will try to conclude by Thursday night. It is probable that the. caucus will be called to meet Friday but problems in th© administrative sec tions of the bill may delay the caucus until Monday. Chairman Simmons is planning to get the hill into th© Senate by a week from Monday if possible. Make Determined Fight Senator Hitchcock of Nebraska, whoso amendment to th© tariff bill levying ,t graduated tax on tobacco output wus rejected by his colleagues on the finance committee, gave notice in tin Senate that h© would carry that amend ment to the caucus and make a deter mined tight for its incorporation in the bill. He also Introduced an amendment providing for a graduated Income tax upon all corporations having a capital stock of more than $100,000,000 and con trolling more than one-fourth of th© production of any commodity. This, he said, he also would urge in the cau cus. The action of the finance majority in put ling a tax on bananas yesterday was explained by Chairman Simmons today as a revenue proposition. “We have placed a tariff of 6 cents a bunch on bananas," said the senator, "for th© purpose of raising revenue and also for the reason that tin* banana trad'1 is absolutely controlled by :* trust. The idea was not to protect or encourage any banana industry in this country, because there Is none. We es timated that the annual revenue to be derived from bananas at J? cents a bunch will aggregate $2,000,000 arid th<* small duty of r> cents a bunch cannot very well he shifted to the consumer." WILSON DISCARDS COAT AND WORKS ’ IN SHIRT SLEEVES] Washington, .luno 17.—President Wil son and Secretary Bryan got a taste, of i Washington's hot weather today when ; they sat down to work over a number I of orospective diplomatic appointments. The sizzling temperature and the for* j mal frock coat made It uncomfortable. ! it was the President who cast his frock j coat aside and worked In his shin sleeves. FRIEDMANN IS DISCREDITED BY GERMAN PHYSICIANS Berlin, June 17.—The last meeting at’ \ the Berlin Medical socie ty showed that | the drift of opinion of Berlin phyal- j clans was strongly against l>r. Fred erlch Friedmann, the Berlin physician who claims ho ha- discovered a cure for tuberculOBls. Drof. Max Wostenhoefer of the I'nl verslty’ «»f Berlin reported that a post; mortem of one of Dr. Friedmann's pa tients who had been young and strong, allowed a marked acceleration of tin tubercular process after treatment. Tu berculosos showed plainly at the point of injunction. Professor Westcrnhoeter censured Dr. Friedmann for failing to give scien-, titter data and for going abroad to ex ploit his remedy. Frau Bablnowltch, professor of bac teriology. said that the Friedmann cul tures apparently were made in cold blood, which experience had shown, does* not give a harmless product. Prof. Max Wolff of the University 3 of Berlin, who bad examined patients treated by Dr. Friedmann, reported be had found no improvement.