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EVENTS OF TODAY
Barons play Mobile at 10 o’clock a. m. and 4 o’clock, p. m. at Rickwood Field. At the Theatres Bijou: “Quo Vadis,” 2:30 and S:30 o'clock, p. m. Majestic: “The Merry Whirl.” 2:30, 4. 7:30 and 9 o’clock. Orpheum: Vaudeville, 2:30, 4, 7:30 and 9 o’clock, p. m. NEGRO FARMERS TO MEET THIS MORNING More Than 600 Delegates Are Ex pected to Attend—300 in Bir mingham Already From the standpoint of attendance, the first session of the National Negro Farm ers* congress will be a nigger success, than its promoters dreamed. Indications are that more than 600 delegates will he in the city to attend the meeting of the first session of National Negro Farmevs* congress. A party of 100 delegates reached the city last night from Texas, headed by E. L. Blackshear of Prairie View State Normal school, who originated the idea of a farmers congress among the negroes. According to the programme the meet ing will begin promptly at 9 o'clock this morning at the Sixteenth Street Baptist church, corner Sixteenth street and Sixth avenue. The opening session will be pre sided over by W. R. Pettiford, who has bad charge of the local arrangements., Professor Blacksnear, who called the con ference and who has worked up all the enthusiasm andfnterest in the movement, will deliver the principle address at this session, in which he will explain the ob jects of the National Negro Farmers’ 1 congress. With the exception of one or two other addresses the morning session for the most part will be devoted to or- j ganization. An afternoon session will be held. At night, welcome addresses wil be delivered on behalf of the city by Dr. John L. Parker, president of the city board of education: by John W. Uoodgame, repre senting the negro citizens; by J. A. Whit ted. representing the negro churches and by W. B. Driver, president, on behalf of the Bilrmingbam Negro Business league. This meeting will be held at the Sixth Avenue Baptist church, Sixteenth street and Avenue F. Already there are more than 300 dele gates in the city, most of those from Ala bama are expected in on early trains Friday morning. Delegates from Iowa and Idaho have been in the city since Thursday morning. A special car of dele gation from Arkansas numbering 60 is ex pected. while in lesser numbers delegates will cotne from practically every south ern state. MONTHLY REPORT OF HUMANE OFFICER Eighty-Two Complaints Investigated During June—Grading Mules Inspected The monthly report of R. G. Patton, humane officer, for June shows that dur ing June he investigated 82 complaints. Inspected 103 grading mules and aided materially in bringing about the convic tion of seven persons for cruelty to an imals. The complete report of the humane officer is as follows: Complaints investi gated, 82; warnings issued, 35; case re ferred to juvenile court, 1: deserving cases referred to the Associated Charities, 3; arrests for cruelty to girl 2 years old, 1; Arrests for cruelty to colored children, 2. Negro man removed to Hillman hos pital that had been uncared for in field for three days, unable to help himself. Arrests, 7; convictions, 7: animals hu manely destroyed, 25: chicken coops over crowded, 3; teams overloaded, 3; grad ing mules inspecter, 108. The next regular meeting of the Bir mingham Humane society will be held September 2 at 3 p. in., in the humane office, second floor of the city hull build ing The society will remain active through the summer months and all calls will be promptly attended to. GEN. FERGUSON TO SPEAK ^ - 'Will Tell of Life of the Poet-Priest, Father Ryan At the last meeting of Camp Hardee, Gen. Ifred s3. Ferguson was to have de livered on address upon the life end character of the poet-priest. Father Ryan, but was prevented from doing so. The regular monthly meeting of Camp Hardee will Vie held tomorrow, at which time General Ferguson will be present and talk about .ds old friend. The camp has extended an imitation to the daughters and sons, as well as any others w?ho can And it convenient to at tend. The meeting will be held in the auditorium of the Chamber of Commerce at 3 o’clock p. m. ———■ - - - -*••• Commissioner Named /* Montgomery. July 3.—(Special.>—Gover nor O'Neal has appointed H. M. Friend of Mobile, a member of the excise com mission of that city to succeed himself. Mr. Friend’s reappointment was urged by a large number of prominent citizens of Mobile. CE1.EIIR \TK THE trrif 4.1.01(101 S ** A n BIJOU 2:30 Xo Advance in Frloe BIJOU AweekIS Matinee Dally Multi 8:30 XT 25c & 50c •''A seat* Reserved “Quo Vadis” BIJOU—Next Week DAILY AT 2i:!0 \M> Kl.'IO if lac Senaatluual ami Spectacular War Drama “The Battle of Gettysburg” All Seat* 23c. Children nt Mnfu., I fie 2— 31atiueeM, July lIJi—2 2:00 and 3:30 Mehta 7:30 aud 3— 10c, 20c, 30c, 40c Phone 3SS0 3Inlu /mauestici IOWTOO I Boxes 6o* m i c«iH*r 7-30 & 9 00 lOf 20t30<-404 I RESERVED SEATS I t-1tallnfr». .luly -lilt—2 - * SliUO aud 0. ui. New York Banker Has Con fidence in Foresight of Men Now in Control OBJECTIONS MADE TO CURRENCY LAW None, However, Is Regarded With Serious Concern Because Men of Ability Have the Subject in Charge By HOLLAND New York, July 3.-<Speeial.)-A banker of this city, who was formerly president of the New York State Bankers* asso ciation and has been for some years re garded as an authority by the American Bankers* association, said this morning that he was sure the disposition was general among the bankers of the United States not severely or captiously to crit icize the currency bill now before con gress. For bankers of intelligence do not need to be assured that the government at Washington does not contemplate any measure which would be likely to im pair the national banks or seek to se cure any legislation which would shift the rigidity of the present currency system to a board having supreme authority such as the federal reserve board will pos sess if the present bill becomes a law. In other words the administration and congress do not contemplate the creation of a final board of authority from whose decision there can be no appeal, which will have power so rigidly established by law as to make the entire banking com munity of the United States not much more than a mere puppet of the board. If there were a purpose of that kind and it were written into law the final e.ffeet would be disastrous, for it would reach harmfully the business interests and tbe people of tbe United States. Banking should be as free and as thor oughly adjusted to the discretionary judg ment of those who direct the banks as Is possible. There should be of course laws to prevent improper management or to counteract a disposition to inflate tbe currency, and also to place in the hands of the government the light of supervision and regulation. Absolute un appealable control by the federal reserve board would impart a quality of arbitrary rigidity from which governmental super vision and control under the present law has been happily free. There seems to be an underlying con viction that whatever bill is passed by Congress it will be so framed as to meet the reasonable objections to the placing of absolute, rigid and unappealable con trol in the hands of a board appointed by the President. One Cause of Suspicion Tiie former state bank president, when speaking today of the currency bill now before Congress, said that a careful read ing of it as well as of statements made by members of Congress who have had some part in the preparation of this bill tends to the suspicion that there is not at Washington a good understanding of what the inherent or sovereign power of the nation in respect to money really is. The measure itself makes ft inevitable that men of experience and economic learning should find themselves wonder ing whether there Is not some confusion in the minds of some of those who are sponsors of this bill as there is certainly confusion in the minds of many of the people respecting the difference between money and bank credits and currency. One of the reasons which lias been given for establishing a federal re serve board (which is In fact if not in name to exercise almost all the func tions that a central bank of reserve would exercise) Is that the people of the United States will never consent that the control of currency be in the hands of a central institution whose executive management is in the hands of bankers. That was the objection to the old United States bank and was the chief reason why President Andrew Jackson vetoed the bill which renewed the charter of that bank. But the former state banking presi dent declared that a little reading of history would show that even in the greatest fiscal and financial crisis in the country's history the administra tion at Washington and Congress did not pretend that the national govern ment had exclusive authority and con trol over the currency. That was at the time that the national banking law was before Congress. The sovereign authority over the coining of gora and of silver, copper and nlckle was then unquestioned. And silver, It was acknowledged, constituted the funda mental money of the country. All pa per which circulates as currency is nothing but an instrument of ’credit excepting the gold certificates which are no more than warehpuse receipts for gold held* in the United States treasury. The State and National Banks When the measure which is now known as the national banking law was under consideration by Congress none of the brilliant minds of that day at tempted to argue that the government had exclusive and inherent authority over currency. Practically all of the pa per currency of that time was in the form of state bank notes. Had the gov ernment at Washington possessed in herent power over this kind of cur rency it could have eliminated it by direct legislation. The only way in which this was accomplished was by arbitrary and drastic use of the tax ing power. Congress taxed the state bank notes out of existence because in no other manner could the national government reach these issues. Were Congress to repeal the law taxing state bank notes at the rate of 10 per cent almost instantly a majority of the state banks of the United States would issue notes and over these no other authority than that of the state gov ernment could be exerted. It is the apprehension that there may not be a good understanding at Wash ington of what the function of the government with respect to money Is and also the apprehension that the measure as it now stands confuses real money with bank credits which causes experienced bankers to look upon the entire measure with suspended judg ment. For if the bill confuses money with bank credits then what other possible errors may there not be in it? There is also some apprehension that the measure as it now stands represents a feeling if not of hostility toward at Fast of suspicion for American bankers. This feeling is due almost wholly to cir cumstances over which the American bankers have no control, namely, those which have arisen from the evils and oc-fects which are in our present hanking law. For the most part the banking law itself and not the management of banks under the law is responsible for most of tlie conditions of which reasonable com plaint has been made. The Use of Checks j Another feature of the bill which has carsed many hankers to wonder whether the measure has been written with entire or jirc.foand understanding of modern banking is the absence of anything in the bill which would tend to show Hint those who drafted it realize that the greatest and in fact the chief currency of the HITT LUMBER PLANT IN FALKVILLE IS SWEPTBY FLAMES Planing Mill, Dry Kiln and Ginning Plant Destroyed Entailing Loss of $60,000 Falkville, July 3.—(Special.)—One of the most disatrous as well as spectacu lar Ores which has ever visited Falk ville occurred today about noon when the plant of Ihc H. H. Hitt Lumber company was partially consumed by flames, entailing a loss of approximate ly 380,000. though It is understood it will be fully covered by insurance. Sev eral narrow escapes from death were barely averted. The tire is said to have originated from friction of a belt on the machinery. A dry kiln containing several hun dred thousand feet of dressed lumber and planing mill were consumed by the flames as well as a large ginning plant near by, which was a total loss. For tunately several cars of logs which were placed on a sidetrack very near the burning kiln were removed out of danger by means of an engine which was procured two miles or more dis tant from the fire. The flames spread rapidly owing to the town being with out water supply. Probably 300 yards from the fire a quantity of rough timber was stored and this was not burned nor the saw mill, which was In operation at the plant. Tile Are attracted hundreds to the scene and all worked manfully in an endeavor to quencli the flames but owing to the inadequate water supply tilts was impossible. It Is understood tlie Hitt interests will rebuild tile burned structures at once. Leaves Washington Today to Make Gettysburg Address Washington, July 3.—President Wilson returned to the White House late today, after a three days’ crufse on the May flower In Chesapeake bay. The President went in search of rest j and relief from Washington's high tern- j peratures. He got the recreation and ill version from his duties, but the air was as thick and sultry at sea as it was on | shore. The Mayflower cruised out to the Virginia capes, anchored one night at Hampton Roads and steadied up the York river to historic Yorktown, where the President visited the Nelson man sion which Cornwallis used as headquar ters. He went also to Temple,farm, where Washington directed the movements of the Continental -irmy and went through the courthouse at Yorktown. Not a per son in Yorktown recognized him except a 12-year-old girl. "I remembered him from his pictures," the little girl proudly told her friends, but before the news had traveled very far the distinguished- visitor was back aboard the Mayflower. Formality Abandoned In accordance with the President’s wishes all formality was abandoned on the yacht. The officers aboard were in formed that the President didn’t want any salutes tired or any of the fanfares blown. Dr. CV.rey T. Grayson, TJ. S. X.. was his only companion, not even a secret serivee man being along. The President did no work while away. He got the regular budget of news sent out to ships at sea by wireless, however, and was informed by Secretary Tumulty of what had occurred in his absence. lit j listened with interest to the story of Da vid Lamar’s testimony before the lobby investigation committee and expressed pleasure over the progress the tariff bill was making in the Senate caucus. When the President returned to the White House, attired in a white flannel suit, he stopped for a few minutes to chat with the correspondents and retired im mediately to his office to sign commissions and official papers. He planned to leave early tomorrow for Gettysburg, where his schedule calls for an hour’s stop and a brief speech. H» will continue to Cor nish. X. H.. by way of New York city, and is due in Cornish early Saturday. He expects to return to Washington Tues day. Representative A. Mitchell Palmer of Pennsylvania and Secretary Tumulty will accompany the President to Gettys burg. Royal Wedding Date Set fiigmaringen, Germany, July 3.—The wedding between former King Manuel of Portgual and Princess Augentine Victoria, daughter of Prince Wilhelm of Hohenzollern, has been set for Sep tember. The civil ceremony will take place on the third, instant, and the re ligious service on the fourth. United States is checks and drafts. By far the greater part of the transactions In American clearing houses represents the exchange of checks. The best in formed banking authorities of this city say that an average of 90 per cent of the deposits and the daily transactions of these banks is in the form of checks and drafts. The billions which represent the yearly transactions In the New York Clearing House association represent ex change of checks approximately of 95 per cent/of the whole amount. Only about 5 per cent on the average of these ex changes represent cash payments. In no other commercial country Is the use of checks carried to such an extent as it Is in the United States. Hardly any one Is so poor now as to be unable to have a bank account. Cash is needed to meet tha requirements of farmers in crop remov ing times and currency of course is es sential. but. by far the greater portion of the transactions and exchanges which on the whole represent American industry and- even the payment of domestic or housekeeping obligations is effected the use of checks. Bankers say that a bank note is only another form of check, it differs chiefly from the individual check in the fact that there is absolute credit behind it so nut me bunk note of San Francisco passes current at Portland. These, the former State Bankers’ asso ciation president says, may lx? superficial suggestions, but he does think that the measure would be regarded with stronger approval if It did not contain some feat ures which tend to the suspicion that some of those who took part in its preparation do not thoroughly well understand the fundamental difference between money and bank credits or know that the sov ereign power of the nation respecting money extends only to the coinage of gold and silver or subsidiary money. SHOW IMPROVE THE CROP OUTLOOK _ Winter Wheat Harvesting Progresses DEMAND FOR PIG IRON Bank Clearings for Past Six Months Show Fractional Gains—Record Area Is Planted in Cotton New York. July 3.—R. G. Dun & Co/s Weekly trade review Saturday will say: High temperatures throughout the coun try curtailed retail distribution somewhat while tlie holiday accentuated slightly pre vailing dullness in most lines of whole sale. Needed rains in the agricultural regions have improved the crop outlook and harvesting of winter wheat Is pro gressing under ideal circumstances. Private estimates Indicate some gain in cotton prospects while the government report on Thursday placed the condition at 81.8 per cent against 80.4 a year ago. The submission of a practical plan for separating the interests of the Union Pa cific and Southern Pacific railroads was on the whole a favorable factor in Invest ment markets, although renewed war in the Balkans renders the European mone tary situation further unsettled. The lull in the iron and steel trade con tinues as to finished lines, but a larger demand for pig iron appeared during the week than for several months past. Buy ing of equipment by the railroads has been restricted of late, but a fair volume of new business in coming forward in finished products. Stocks of the leading textile distributers and retailers at the end of the first half year are abnormally low, but replenishment is being confined to Immediate needs until the tariff bill has been passed. Business in leather shows an Improvement with a steadier demand for all grades although contracts for spring are below expectations. Rail read gross earnings so far for June show an Increase of 7.8 per cent as compared with the same month a year ago. Total hank exchanges at 128 leading centers during June made a gain of 0.4 per cent over the same month last year, j but a loss of 0.8 per cent as compared with the corresponding month in 1911. Commercial failures this week in the United States were 230 against 197 the corresponding week last year. Failures in Canada numbered 26 against 23 last year. New York, July 3.—Bradstrcet’s Satur day weekly review will say: The widespread hot wave and approach of the midyear holidays have stimulated retail trade in light summer fabrics and furnishings, but made for quietness in most wholesale and industrial lines, the latter in most cases arranging for a three day suspension of operations. The j result Is a somewhat irregular week, clos ing a half year which while not fulfill ing sanguine expectations has proved bet ter than fears, bred of tariff revision and world-wide tight money. Most observers had predicted for these conditions. Most measures of trade ' volume and progress make satisfactory | comparisons with a year ago a period , of comparative quietness. Bfenk clear ings for June and the six months show fractional gains of last year. There were fewer failures in June than in any month for two years past and the six months total is below that of 1912, although a few large failures have swell ed liabilities above last year. The really new features of the week are mainly favorable chief to these being the breaking of an extremely hot wave which destroyed life and imperilled crops; the resumption of pig iron buying on a scale not witnessed for months past: , albeit at the expense of prices; the largest I sales of raw wool reported for a long time past, at low quottMions also; the advent of much needed moisture in the corn and spring wheat areas, the assur ance of a record winter wheat crop anti the planting of a record area in cotton. The unfavorable features are tfie prac tical realization that yields of oats and hay next to corn, the chief animal foods, will be heavily short of last year; the shading of estimates of spring wheat yield; the slowing down of building fol lowing a period of gains for six months at a majority of a year ago and the pro jection into the dim future of some new labor disturbances or lockouts involving large numbers of men at Chicago and Cincinnati. Wheat, including flour exports from the United States and for the week ending July 2. aggregate 3.601,323 bushels against 4,201,859 bushels last week and 2,993,538 bushels this week last year. For the 53 : weeks ending July 2, all exports are 246, 112,618 bushels against 175,389,587 bushels in the corresponding period last year. Corn exports for the week are 139,534 bush els against 82,351 bushels last week and 83,272 bushels In 1912. For the 63 weeks ending July 2, corn exports are 39.366.554' bushels against 33,464,511 bushels last year. June failures were the smallest In num ber In any month for the two years and liabilities were the lightest since Novem ber. PREPARING FOR MEETING NEXT WEEK District Convention of Odd Fellows Will Be Held at North Bir mingham July 8 Active preparations have been begun by the members of the Birmingham lodges of the Independent Order Odd Fellows for the district convention at North Birmingham on July 8. Special committees appointed to make arrangements are hard at wrork and they anticipate making this the largest and most successful convention yet held. The complete programme for the con vention, as announced yesterday by the general chairman, is as follows: Convention called to order by W. V. Cunningham, president, at 9 a. m. Opening ode. Prayer. Welcome address, A. C. Springfield. Response, Palmer P. Daugette, Star lodge. Report of lodges by roll call. Report on the condition of the order In Alabama, Fred J. Cramton, grand master. Conferring grand lodge degree. Instructions in conferring degrees. Jacob Burger, past grand master. Exemplification of secret work, 11. C. Pollard, grand secretary. 1. O. O. F. home, George Huddleston, Mineral City lodge. The Rebeckas. Mrs. F. J. Cramtop. Election of officers. Selection next place of meeting. In the evening Grand Master Cram ton will deliver a lecture, illustrated by pictures of Odd Fellow's’ homes uli over the United States. j To Get Kill of MoaqiitloeKi You can Sleep. Fish. Hqnt or attend to any work without being worried by the Idling or singing of Mosquitoes, Sand Flies, Gnats, or other insects by apply ing to the face, ears and hands, DR. | POUTER’S ANTISEPTIC HEADING Uli.. 25c. OFFICIAL MAP OF THE WEATHER U. S. Department of Agriculture. WEATHER BUREAU. <KX»>l»fcNiA<Tdg8V'tCdiFilt<» . . OhaamtfdM tttos at V|KM.a*1Kk meridian (tote. Air preemra reduced toee* letel. Jsohart (eeBltS«duilf«*C_^**at»ttJl«J* VjJJP of equal air pressure. I»o therms (dotted Unea)p>a*through polnm of equal -temperature; drawn only for zero, Crtealni. Kr1 ■ aua iwy O deer* Q partly cloudy; (| cloudy; ® ratal © mtfw; ® -report missing. Arrow* ipwlth the wind. Flat A*ui*». hlaUM teyaperatme pnet m heanr, second, precipitation ef.01 loch or more for part at hours; third, maximum wind Telocity. . _ Weather Forecast Washintgon, July 3.—Weather fore cast for Mississippi, Alabama and Geor gia: Generally fair Friday and Sat urday. Tennessee: Generally fair Friday and Saturday: Local Data For the 24 hours ending at 7 p. m., July 3: Highest temperature .. 00 Lowest temperature .. 71 Mean temperature . NO Normal temperature. 79 Deficiency in temperature since Jan. I . 25 Rainfall .00 Total rainfall since Jan. 1.30.49 Excess in rainfall since Jan. 1,. 3.57 Relative humidity, 7 a. m. NO 7 p. m. 54 Weather Conditions Birmingham, July 3.—(7 P. M.)—Pres sure conditions have undergone no im portant changes since Wednesday night, but there has been a general increase in barometric readings over eastern sections, and a slight dcrease over the western Mississippi valley and plains states. Fair weather has prevailed west of the plains states except in the northern Rock-1 ies and the Pacific northwest, where rains! have continued. Other rain areas em-i brace the western lakes, the lower Mis-; sissippi valley and Texas, and portions of Tennessee and North Carolina. Temperatures continued JTather’' high over the southern half of the country east of the Mississippi, in most of the plains states, and over almost the entire Atlantic slope. The relatively cooler con ditions west of the Mississippi river in southern sections was due to tlie rains and cloudy skies that prevailed there. In most sections of the cotton belt temperatures ranged slightly above nor mal. Rains occurred in Oklahoma, Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Tennessee and Nor til Carolina. Fair skies prevailed in central and eastern gulf states. Condi tions seem favorable for generally fair weather in this section Friday. Summary of observations made at j United States Weather Bureau stations! July 3, 1913: Taznp'tun Lowest At for 7 p.rn. day. Abilene, cloudy . 8.8 76 Atlanta, clear. 86 72 Atlantic City, clear . 70 68 Baltimore, cloudy . 84 72 Birmingham, partly cloudy. 86 71 Boise, rain . 64 68 Boston, clear . 74 68 Brownsville, partly cloudy . 82 Buffalo, clear . 84 66 Burwood, clear . 84 76 Calgary, partly cloudy . 62 46 Charleston, partly cloudy 84 80 Chicago, partly cloudy . 88 . 74 Corpus Christ!, cloudy . 80 76 Denver, clear . 84 6) Des Moines, clear . 88 70 Dodge City, clear >. 02 70 Duluth, cloudy . 68 60 Durango, clear . 86 4j Eastport. clear . 68 66 Galveston, cloudy . 80 80 Green Bay. partly cloudy . 64 Hattcras, cloudy . 78 78 Havre, cloudy . 66 44 Helena, rain . 58 50 Huron, cloudy . 08 64 Jacksonville, clear . 84 76 Kamloops, partly cloudy . 72 42 Kansas City, clear . 88 76 Knoxville, cloudy . 82 72 Louisville, clear . 88 74 Memphis, clear . So 72 Miami, partly cloudy . 82 74 Mobile, clear . 84 74 Modena, clear. 86 62 Montgomery, partly cloudy .... 9U 74 Montreal, partly cloudy. 74 Moorhead, clear . 72 58 New Orleans, clear . 84 74 New' York, clear . 70 70 North Platte, clear . 94 70 Oklahoma, cloudy . 80 7<> Palestine, cloudy . 78 72 Parry Sound, partly cloudy ..... 76 54 Phoenix, clear . 104 72 Pittsburg, clear . 84 68, I Portland, partly cloudy .. 66 54 Raleigh, rain .% 94 76 Rapid City, cloudy . 76 58 Roseburg, partly cloudy* ........ 70 52 Roswell, clear . 94 64 Salt Lake City*, 'cloudy . 76 00 San Diego, clear . 68 6J San Francisco, clear .. 64 56 I Seattle, cloudy . 62 52 Sheridan, cloudy . 72 52 Shreveport, clear. 80 72 Spokane, cloudy . 62 50 St. Louis, clear . 84 74 C ' St. Paul, cloudy . 68 62 Swift Current, partly cloudy .. 68 42 Tampa, rain . 74 74 Toledo, clear . 84 68 Washington, clear . 84 72 Willlston . W> Wlnnemucca, partly cloudy. 70 54 ** Winnipeg, partly* cloudy* . 66 56 E. C. HORTON, Local Forecaster. PERMANENT HOMES FOR ZOO ANIMALS Smith Says They Can Get Plenty of Animals When They Have Buildings Frank \V. Smith, president of the Blr mlngham Zoo association, is preparing lu raise a fund for the construction of a per manent home for animals already ac quired, and for those which can easily bo obtained if suitable quarters are bullded. "There is no question," stated lie, “but that lions at d lizards and leopards and tigers and elephants ran be procured as soon us we are prepared to handle und keep them. We nave been offered larged animals and animals which will be more attractive to the children. We must have a home for them. Birmingham must have a zoo. There is no reason why Memphis has a line zoo and Birmingham has not." Mr. Smith stated that homes for the an imals can be constructed for comparative ly a much smaller figure than $10,000. hut that $10,000 should be raised in order that a zoo worthy of Birmingham might be ac quired. He repeated bis previous state ment that animals galore and of all va rieties bad been tendered the zoo. Something practical is expected to be accomplished in the near future. THREE ALABAMIANS VISIT WASHINGTON ON BUSINESS TRIPS Washington. July 3.—(Special.)—N. D. Godboldt of Camden, a candidate for district attorney for the Southern dis trict of Alabama, is In Washington in ills own interest. Woodford Marbury of Camden, who Is seeking the place of minister to Honduras Is Also in the city. Sidney Price of Mobile, general counsel for the Mobile and Ohio railroad is in Washington on business. Adjutant Gen eral Scully, Who has been in the city for several days, leaves for Alabama tonight. Three Minutes Is Duration of Meeting—Attendance Also Slim The shortest meeting ever held by the city commission at which any business at all was transacted occurred yesterday. The board convened at 3 o’clock with President C. Exum an I Commlsisoner Lane present. At 3:03 it adjourned. The meeting yesterday took the place of the regular Friday meeting which was advanced a day as today is a nai* ^ tional holiday; There will be no one at the city hall today, the commis sioners announced after the meeting. There was not a soul present except the two commissioners, Secretary Ryail and two newspaper men. Judge Lane suggested to Mr. Ryail that photo- V graphs be taken of the newspaper men as they constituted the smallest au dience ever appearing at a commis sion meeting and had no complaints to make against the police department. Secretary Ryail responded that there was no need of taking the pictures. “Chief Bodeker already has ’em,” he said. Some vouchers were authorized and a petition presenetd from the Boys' club asking for an act making tag day a permanent event for the club. It was granted. "I move we adjourn,” said Judge Lane. A solemn line of march was formed with the addition of City At torney Boyd, who came in late, and the room was vacated. “Gosh! Ain't it hot!” sighed Mr. . Ex urn. Will Relieve Nervous Depression and l.ow Spirits i The Old Standard general strengthen ing tonic, GROVE’S TASTELESS chill TONIC, arouses the liver, drives out Malaria and builds up the system. A sure Appetizer and aid to diges tion. 50c. * Declare Your Own Independence Today All investment in Brandywine is your “Declaration of Independence.” Tlie purchase of a home in Brandywine will give you and yours those priceless boons, health and happiness, and with them the power to enjoy them to the fullest because of financial independence. Brandyv-ine is a model community, destined to be a fruit and vegetable center. Brandywine is in Shelby county, in a valley, just 24 miles from Birmingham. The soil in Brandywine is perfectly adapted to the culture of grapes on a large scale, its formation, topography and the climate making ideal vineyards. The scup gernong and muscadine find their natural home here. The popular California grapes may be grown hero in the same luxuriance and with a better flavor than in the west. A rich annual income may be gotten with any number of fruits, apples, pears, peaches, figs or strawberries, pecans or watermelons. Birmingham alone offering a market which will pay the highest prices for everything grown. Penetrate (he veil of promise and then act, act quickly. Brandywine is the best realty investment. Brandywine offers you not only an investment sure to bring profit, but also provides financial independence. Today, if you act quickly, an investment of $100 may be made In Brandywine acreage for a home, an income, better health and an investment that is absolutely bound to Increase largely In value. Any tract of land, whether one acre or 160 acres, will be worth five or ten fold « more, and .will be eagerly sought at that when the Improvements which are being made by the American Finance & Bond Co. are finished. q Realize the opening now.’ extended to you and respond. Come to see us on the seventh floor of the American Trust & Savings Bank building, but if not convenient write us and we will explain how a few dollars will buy a fine home in Brandywine. Strike for liberty and financial independence by buying in Brandywine—$10 cash and $10 per month for nine months will do it. American Finance & Bond Co. OWNERS Seventh Floor American Trust Building Birmingham, Aid.