Newspaper Page Text
Paid In His Own Coin
C ypyright, 1913. by the McClure News □ paper Agency.) OR man with a day off young Mr. Mamrlov was not particularly hap py. He rode down town in the subway glum and bitter of spirit. It seemed to him that fate was more than unkind. Several times in the journey be tween Bleecker street and South Ferry he took a sheet of paper from his pocket and read what was printed ahd written on it. The paper had been delivered to him the day before. He knew it by heart, still he read it over again and again. It was the formal notice sent out in such cases by the immigration commis sioner. It told him that Marta Brevin, 23 years old, white, native of Silesia, steerage passenger on the Strassburg from Bremen, was detained at Ellis Is land subject to investigation as to her desirability as an immigrant, and that, she having given his name .as that of her best friend in this country, he must fur nish proof that she would not become a charge upon the American people. Other wise she would be sent back. A year and a half had made a differ ence in Mr. Mamrlov. When he left Sil esia his one ambition was to get a foot hold in the new world and send for Marta to join him immediately. After his arrival he wrote to her by every mail. He was lonely and heartsick. The big ness of New York appalled him. He had not been able to get work so easily as he expected. When he Anally got a job the wages were small, but he slaved and saved and wrote most glowingly of the time when he would have enough to fur nish a home and send for her, and they would be married. After h© got work h© made better head way than most Immigrants. Ho had gon© Into a shop as a beginner. In a month he was put on a machine. In 10 months he was foreman. He was bright, clever, ambitious. Th© boss was delighted with him. The men in the shop unconsciously partook a little of his ardent spirit and worked better under him than they ever had before. "Some day he’ll have a shop of his own and he’ll bo rich," he heard one of them •ay. It mad© him glow to think of so much happiness. Somehow as he made headway in th© new world he did not think so much or write so often to the girl In Silesia, or look so eagerly for a message from her. Her letters stirred his sympathies deeply at first, but later they depressed him. Her father was ill and her mother was crip pled. They were dreadfully poor. It was the same tale every time with slight va riation, It seemed to him. With the foremanshlp came broader views and clearer business vision to Mamriov. He went to night school and read and studied. He heard what other young foreigners of energy and courage had achieved in this wonderful land of opportunity. Why shouldn’t he make k name and a place for himself? He had saved enough to feel somewhat self-re liant and lately a short road to prosper ity had seemed to be opening to him. And now’, without any warning, he had re ceived notice Marta Brevin was at Ellis Island. He crossed from the Battery to the is land that is the hitching post of the im migrants and, following a score or more of other visitors with cards like his own, he went into one of the offices. An offi cial asked a few questions which Mam riov answered readily In English and then an attendant was summoned and Mam riov was taken into another room, which was a sort of court. In a few minutes a dozen or more detained Immigrants were ushered in. Marta was In the lot. As she caught sight of Mamriov she ut tered a cry of joy. Mamriov's heart beat faster, but his cheeks went pale. The girl looked thin and weak. She was poor ly garbed. The man at the big desk asked a ques tion of him. Mamrlov did not respond. The question was repeated. Then an in terpreter shook him and fired a multitude of Interrogations at him. Mamriov ap peared to have difficulty in understand ing. The man repeated his questions and, then pointed to Marta. 'Me no want," Mamriov said. The in terpreter went over to Marta and came back and tried to get Mamriov to com prehend what he was saying, but Mam riov looked at him stupidly and repeated, "Me no want.” Some of the Immigrants Joined friends and relatives among the visitors, but Marta, crying hysterically was taken from the room. Then Mamrlov hurried tack to Manhattan. Less than three months later the boss took Mamriov into partnership. It was the same day that Mamriov was married to the daughter of the boss. Fortune certainly favored Boris Mam rlov. The business grew and the profits increased until the establishment ranked among the largest In Its line In the city. Gradually Martov took over full con trol. The young man was keen to every opoprtunity. He picked up some shares in an East Side bank at a bargain and it was not long before he was made a direc tor. The bank was not big, but it was an impressive thing to be a bank director. To fit himself fully for his duties, Main riov studied banking. Through his fellow directors he was Introduced to men of weight and substance connected with other financial institutions. He got into some deals with them which were wholly successful and these led to others. Real estate had 'a strong attraction for him. He had seen enough of the growth of the city in the comparatively few years he had been in New York to make him feel there was no limit to its expansion and its increase in values. A man who is bright and alert and who has good judg ment has little difficulty in making money If he has a fair amount of capital and good credit. Real estate was easy- for Mamriov. He bought only In the line of the city's upward march. It was rare that he made a loss. He was so success ful that men courted his favor. BY RICHARD SPILLANE Mamriov Looked at Him Stupidly and Replied “We No Want” M TAiMct aJg The more money lie made, the more he spread out. He did not have enough time for his manufacturing business, so he turned its management over to a clever man. Then he had more time to devote to his other affairs. In five or six years he bought control of an uptown bank and a year later, by some skillful financing, got cont^ol'of another in the same neigh borhood. Both banks Boon gave evidence of his active spirit. Their deposits in creased largely and their business grew In fine style. Some of the bankers down town began to take notice of Mamrlov. They like to be In touch with young men of promise. He was delighted to have their good opinion. It meant large credit, bigger opportunities, more scope for abili ties. With his wealth growing daily Mamriov sought to enjoy the good things of life. He had felt that his wife might consider her father's money played some part in making him a suitor for her hand, so he went to some pains to live so well and Burround her with such luxuries that she would have reason to look back upon her former condition as ordinary in compar ison. She was at pleasure loving, light hearted creature, and was happy in, get ting all the joy out of life that money could buy. The more money some men make the more they wrant to make. It was so with Mamriov. When he was 3ti he was rated as a millionaire. The active man who has a million dollars and wide credit on the reputation of having that amount can turn over a lot of money in the course of a year. Mamriov was ready for anything good that promised profit. His name was worth something to an en terprise. To keep track of his affairs he had to have a private office that took up half the floor of a big skyscraper and he had as many clerks as usually are em ployed in a good sized corporation. Out side of his friends no one could get au dience with him except by appointment. After a while Mamriov tired of ordinary deals. An idea had been developing in his mind for months and he determined to act on it. Quietly—so quietly and cleverly that no one discovered his purpose until he was ready to disclose it—he set to work to get possession of the biggest tract of undeveloped land obtainable in the Bronx on the line of a proposed sub way. He had early knowledge of the route the commissioners would approve. He made sure of that. He was not of the type to rush in blindly in such mat ters. When his purchase was announced and the insiders learned the price at which he had obtained the land they were astonished. He had a bargain—a great one—they all agreed to that. It was in evitable that there would be a great ap preciation in value with tho coming of rapid transit. Like a prudent man, Mamriov prepared to put his property Into condition to get the most out of it when contracts for the digging of the subway were let. He bad to borrow freely to buy the land. He had to spread considerable money, too, on a preliminary advertising campaign, for he W'anted to get some money in while the work of development was under way. This development was very costly Streets . had to be cut through and brought to grade, sewers laid, sidewalks, curbs and gutters built and a multitude of other things done. He had it all figured out and proceeded according to his pro gramme. He could see a profit of from $8,000,000 to $6,000,000 in the whole transac tion. Nothing oould be safer than New York real estate. Mamriov never was more serene, never more powerful. It is odd how thln££ suddenly go wrong for a man all at once. One of the big bankers down town who had smiled on Mamriov had been Juggling with the bank’s money In some wild speculation in which he had engaged. Mamriov had been a borrower from the bank. The banker called on Mamriov to pay up. Mamriov could not, but Mamriov could lend to him money of the people who were depositors In Mamrlov’s bank on se curity that was worth about 1 cent on the dollar. Mamriov did so. Then some thing happened in Wall street. Stocks be gan to tumble and when they tumbled a lot some one began to hint that certain banks were not as sound as they ought to be. The big banker down town had to get more money from Mamrlov's bank and Mamriov had to borrow some more from the big man’s bank. It was ridiculous. Each man was weakening the other in a mad effort to strengthen himself. Mean# while, they prayed for the Wall street storm to abate. Disturbances in Wall street have far reaching effects. The contracts for build ing that subway are put off several years as a consequence. Mamriov. who had worked up the public to having an appe tite for that Bronx land, suddenly found there was desire for it. Most of his money was in that enterprise. He had borrowed freely to carry on the various other things in which he was engaged. The notes w'ere nearing maturity. Near ly everything he was connected with would work out all right if he only could hold on until the financial situation was normal again. But how could he get money? Banks were protecting only their old friends. He went about sounding cautiously for money. Some of the hankers he ap proached were sympathetic and would help if they could. Some held out hope and then cautiously spread the word along the bank line that he was in deep water. One banker who had a real friendship for Mamriov suggested that he go to Barzo, president of the Hungarian-American Finance and Trust company. “He is one of the klndesCtnen in the world," said he. Mr. Barzo rqpd the note of introduc tion Mr. Mamriov pnsented and listened attentively while the visitor talked. Mam riov hid nothing, but when he finished Barzo shook his head. Mamriov thought the security he offered was not sufficient, and said he was willing to give up any thing or everything he had if Barzo would coiae to his rescue. "Me no want,” Barzo replied. Something In the words and the man ner of Barzo made Mamriov wince. Without realizing it he asked Barzo what it w'as he had said. "Mo no want," Barzo repeated. Mamriov’s memory was stirring. He reached for his hat. "Have I ever met you before, Mr. Barzo?" he inquired. "Once—at Ellis Island," replied Barzo. "I was interpreter there." "Oh," said Mamriov, in a low voice. "If it’s any interest to you,’’ said Bar zo, "that girl didn’t go back. She is Mrs. Barzo now." And that Is one of the reasons Mam riov's banks did not open their doors the next morning. To Reduce Britain s $800,000,000 Drink Bill L)NDON, July 5.-—(Special.)—One of the biggest "campaigns of educa tion" on record in this country is being carried on at present by the United Kingdom alliance, the official temperance organization which corres ponds to the Anti-Saloon league in the United States. Its object is to get re introduced into parliament, at the earliest moment practicable, the famous Licen cing bill of 1908, which was brought into the House of Commons by the present prime minister, W. H. Asquith, then chancellor of the exchequer in the Camp bell-Bannerman ministry, and was ulti mately thrown out by the House of Lords, as representing the colossal and practically omnipotent brewing interests in Great Britian. The bill, which, had It passed into law, would have resulted in a compulsory and systematic reduction of the number of saloons, or public houses in this country numbering 94,000 and averaging, In the congested districts, one to every 174 of the population—and which would have made the creation of new licences parlla mentry fights in the history of this country. The fate of the measure—which had passed the House of Commons, then over whelmingly liberal, by a heavy majority— was sealed, however, at a gathering of Unionists peers at the house of Lord Landsdownc, leader of the tories in the upper house before thebill even came before that assembly, and it was ulti mately defeated by a majority of over 100. The rejection of the licensing bill which its advocates claims, by limiting the num ber of saloons throughout the country would have reduced to reasonable dimen sions the nation’s colossal drink bill of over $800,000,000, was one of the most po tent of the factors that led to the pass ing of the famous parliament act which deprived the house of lords of its veto and liimted the power of that assembly to delaying a bill for three years. Ever sine© its rejection the United Kingdom alliance, representing over 500,000 temper ance reformers in this country, has been working tirelessly to bring it before par liament once more, and in the last year has redoubled its efforts. In November last a huge convention, representing every religious sect and political party, was held hi London, and sent a deputation to Premier Asquith, who replied, in effect, that he had his hands full with home rule for Ireland, Welsh disestablishment and national insurance, but that he hoped to re-introduce the measure during the life of the present parliament, or in other words, before 1915. This assurance only partially satisfied the temperance folk, who, during the present summer will hold' over 800 open air meetings in London alone, and many more throughout the country to empha size the need for licensing reform and meanwhile are collecting signatures for a gigantic memorial to Premier Asquith, , who is by no means lukewarm on the 1 subject of temperance, urging him to lose no time In getting the licensing bill of 1908 on to the statute books. “How great a service the passage of the licensing bill would render to the cause of temperance, it Is scarcely possi ble to estimate,” said Alexander Thom son, the parliamentary agent of the United Kingdom aHiauce, when seen at the London headquarters of that organi zation a few days ago. “Its primary re sult would be the compulsory reduction k of the number of saloons in thiB country something like 30,000. The adoption of Rocal option throughout the country, too, anquestionably will result in further lim Itatlon of the number'of drinking places. All of which will constitute the most ef fective blow that has yet been struck against the omnipotence and reactionary influence of the brewery trade, the great monopoly which controls over 95 per cent of thp saloons In this country and w’hose leaders value it at £150,000,000. “We temperance workers," he contin ued, "are not clamoring for the abolition of the saloon tor 'pub’.), but only for Its effective regulation with the public Itself instead of—In effect—the drink interests as the arbiter of increase In the number of existing drinking places. At the pres ent time the Inequality In the number of saloons in congested, as compared with rural areas, Is most striking, the per cefftage being 1 to every 3 or 4000 of the population in the suburbs, as compared with 1 to every 170 In localities like the East End, where the multiplicity of pubs' in an increased incentive to drink. All over the country new areas are being opened up as residential quarters for the working classes, and in many cases we have been able to prevail upon the ground landlord, in whose hands the authority primarily lies, to limit rigorusly the number of public houses to be built on such estates. A peer who, upon his own initiative lias ec . a striking example in tliis respect, is ^ord Rowallen, who owns between 300,000 and 400,000 acres and has inserted in the trust deeds of every dis trict which has been acquired for work ing class dwellings a clause prohibiting any public house from being situated thereupon. The Right Hon. A. J. Bal four, the former prime minister, likewise will allow no public houses to be opened upon his estate, Whittinghame, nor would the late King Edward, whom no one ever has denounced as a fanatic on the subject of temperance, permit the existence of a ‘pub’ on his Sandringham estate. “Except in the cases of such estates," Thomson went on, “not only has the power to grant licenses lain in the hands of justices of the peace alone, but our bench has been recruited, until recently, almost entirely from a class whose sym pathies lie strongly with vested interests, and in consequence our magistrates have generally yielded to the influence of the brewers #hen it was a case of granting or m-fusing the creation of a new license. Accordingly we have been working stren uously for many years with the object of getting a more representative type of man appointed to the office of magistrate and have been to a large extent success ful, with the result that applications for lincence* are being weighed with more regard as to whether a real need exists for them. Should the licensing bill pass into law* however, local option will be es tablished all over the country; in other words, wherever objection is raised to the.creation of a. new public house licence it will be the duty of the local magistrate to refer the question to a popular vote, a majority of which will decide the ques tion one way or the other. “Since 1908," the parliamentary agent continued, “only one important temper ance measure has passed into law, this being the so-called ‘children’s act', which was taken out of the licensing bill and passed by both houses of parliament. This act makes it illegal to give drink .to any child under five years of age and for drink to be served to any child under 14 in a public house bar—except in a sealed vessel. Its passage was the outcome of a prolonged agitation in which the lead was taken by George R. Sims, the author, dramatist and newspaper man, who knows social conditions in this country if any man does. Sims showed and had the testimony of innumerable high con stables to prove that women of the poorer classes, with babies in their arms, spent practically the whole day in the public house, and kept their infants quiet, mean time by drugging them with gin. Chil dren, too, were the favorite messengers when drink was required, but the pas sage of the act has made it illegal to use ‘kiddies’ in this way. "That the children’s charter, as it has been named, makes for the public wel fare all round there is not the smallest question," added Thomson, "but it made the brewers intensely angry, and they have been fighting, tooth and nail, to get it repealed even since. In fact, one of their best questions for parliamentary candidate who seek the support of ‘the trade’ is, ‘Will you oppose legislation in tended to restrict trade rights?’ this re ferring to the children’s act and nothing else. The arguments they put forth against it, however, are weak enough. They maintain, for instance, that it is a great hardship that father who is out for a walk and wants a drink, should have to leave his children outside the public house, instead of taking them into the bar with him, as he was able to be fore.’’ c»eneraiiy speaking, what progress 18 temperance making In Great Britain?" was then asked. “Great Britain is growing more temper ate slowly, but surely," was the reply, “though, of late, it must be confessed, the decrease in the consumption of spirits has to be attributed rather to the in creased duties that have been placed on spirits than to any general tendency to BY HAYDEN CHURCH ward abstemiousness. To realize the progress that this country has made to ward temperance, one must go back 30 years, say to 1874. In that year the con sumption per head of the population, re duced to gallons in regard to beef and pints in regard to spirits was, beer 33.84 gallons, spirits 10.00 pints and wines 4.24 pints, whereas last year the figures were been 27.36 gallons, spirits 5.44 pints, wine 2 pints. The average expenditure per head for liquor in*1812 w^as $17.50, ai»d per family of five $88.50, which is an improve ment on the preceding year when the ex penditure was $18 per head and roughly, $90 per family. Our drink bill' remains an appalling thing,” continued Thomson,” amounting last year to $807,766,500 as compared witih yours in the United States of, roughly, $450,000,000. This sum, which is half as large again as the receipts of British railways and a quarter as large again as the annual value of all the private dwellings in Great Britain and which makes the sums that the United King dom spends on its army and navy seem insignificant, represents a decrease of $6,219,460 as compared with 1911 and I wish we could claim this as a result of the work that we and others have done in the cause of temperance. As a matter of fact, however, the credit for this decrease belongs mainly to the present chancellor of the exchequer, Mr. Lloyd-George, who, in his famous budget of 1909, made a heavy increase in the licensing duties in this country, which, however, even now do not compare with those levied in the United States. “It is an astonishing fact,’’ Thomson added. ‘‘that the gigantic monopoly valued at £160,000,000, formerly contrib ute<i only £2,000,000 and even now contrib utes only £4,000,000 to the revenue. In the budget of 1909 Mr. Lloyd-George placed an additional tax of 3 shillings and nine pence, or roughly, 90 cents, on the gallon of .whisky, and this additional taxation which, of course, had led to a correspond ing increase in the price of spirits, has re sulted in a decrease In consumption, in the last four years amounting to about 28,600,000 gallons. . The records show, too, that the national sobriety has been great ly increased by this increased duty, the convictions for drunkenness In England showing a decrease of over 9 per cent, and in Scotland a diminution in cities of 26 per cent and In country districts of 19 per cent. < me price or beer has not oeen in creased as a result of the enhanced du ties,” observed the speaker, sententiously, "the brewers having discovered means not only of making ^he consumer pay the whole of the tax, but ft huge sum in ad dition. They .have done tTiTs by fTie simple expedient of charging money for water. In other words, they have lowered the gravity to the extent of 16 barrels of wa ter to every 1000 barrels of beer, thus en abling them to produce, free of duty in. England and Wales, over 13,000,000 more barrels of beer than they could have pro duced out of the same materials had the previous gravity been maintained, and the retail price obtained from the public for this quantity was well over £30,<300,000. The additional beer duty and brewer's license duty, on the other hand, did n*t exceed £19,000,000, leaving a large balance to the credit of additional taxation ac count in the books of the licensed trade. "Although the drink bill of the United States Is only lightly over half as large f ****** k. g'^ LORD LABTD8DOWNE Unionist leader In house of lords nt whose word of com mand the permanent Troy majority la upper chamber threw out liceualu* hill ALEXANDER THOMSON M ho was pnrllrarnlury secretary of the lulled Kingdom ■liimce, representing half million temperauee reformers la working to Bring up licensing bill one* moro as that of these islands,” said Thomson in conclusion, "it is a standing puzzle to temperance workers in this country how the consumption keeps up, considering the growth of the no ttcenso movement and the large areas where publio houses have been swept away. Mr. William J. Bryan’s much cMticised action in deeid Jug that no spirits shall he served at dip lomatic banquets in Washington is the best tiling for the cause of temperance in England that has happened in recent years. Many of our public men have de clared strongly for temperance, but none of them has come boldly out and set a personal example as Mr. Bryan has done.” Human Hand Mummified By “Magnetism” of a Physician At the Congress of Experimental Psy chology, which met In Paris in March, says the New York World, Dr. Hasten Durville exhibited a human hand whlcn he said he ha4 mummified by the simple process of ‘magnetizing” It with paksep of his oiei hands. The hand two months after being cut off showed not one sign of decay, but had seemingly dried up. No preservatives had been used—nothing but ‘ magnetism” exerted by Dr, Durville and two assistants. If this extraordinary procedure should be verified by rigid scientific investiga tion it would mean that by the mere "laying on of hands” wounds could he preserved from Infection, meats arid other foods could be kept without the use of any preservatives, bodies could be em balmed without embalming fluid. The Annales des Sciences Psychlques for August and October, 1912, gave details of similar experiments with plants and small animals that had been made by a certain Mme. X., at Bordeaux, and verb fled by three reputable physicians. It was as a result of these that Dr. Durville tried the process upon a human hand. In his address to the congress Dr. Dur ville said the hand was Ig-ought to him on January 29 by a fellow practitioner, who told him It was that of a man who had died of asphyxiation by gas and it had been lying for three weeks In a re frigerator. It Is known that the bodies of the asphyxiated decay very rapidly and that the sudden removal of- a piece of flesh from a freezing to a normal tem perature le followed by swift decay. Those conditions mado the test an exceptionally difficult one. Besides It was a very fleshy hand, weighing 410H grains. But Dr. Durville was not dismayed. He put the hand un a piece of paper on his laboratory table and persuaded two of his assistants In psychic work to help him. His description of the treatment Is as follows: "During the first few days, whenever one of us had a moment of liberty, he went to the laboratory and magnetized the object. To do this he extended Ida hands over It at about six inches dis tance—what magnetize™ call an Imposi tion—making slow passes from the sev ered wrist to the tips of the Angers. ‘The operator concentrated his attention and his will upon the end to be attained. Did will power help the operation? I do not know. Subsequent experiments will clear up this mystery. “Each of us, as I have said, during the first few days, came to InAuence the hand as soon as he had a free moment. Thus for six days, each of us devoted about three quarters of an hour daily to it. "Beginning with the seventh day, hav ing made certain tha* the hand was still without the least odor, we began less to fear the Anal result and to operate for shorter periods. After the tenth day wo each gave the hand two treatments of about 10 minutes, making in all about one hour a day. “On tho 30th day the result was so in teresting that we thought it useless to operate more than once a day for five minute* each, which reduced tho total daily treatment to 35 minutes. “But with my clients I even completely neglected the object of the experiment for 24 hours, and ft did #no harm. The ef fect had already been produced. It re sulted, I believe, from the energy we had exerted In those first days. “The hand was not surrounded with any special precautions: it merely remained uncovered day and night on the laboratory table for the first nine days. On the 10th. day I put over It between treatments a metallic cage to keep off the flies. The hand was never put into the laboratory cupboard; access to the room was forbid den to my patients and servant* by sim* ply locking the door. “Several times the hand was handled more roughly than It should have been. When it was photographed a string was tied to It to hang It up by; once, even, It was exposed to the rain, but it did not suffer at all.” And at the end of two months the hand was quite mummified. The photographs of the hand, taken on March 18, the 49th day of the treatment and of Dr. Durville ‘magnetizing” it, were given by Dr. Durville to the Paris corre spondent. * Is It the Tower of Babel? From th* Christian Herald. From Babylonia, where a party of In vestigators under the auspices of the In stitute of France, have been conducting excavations near the ruins of*the ancient city of Kts (near the Tuphrates river and** about 80 miles north of Bagdad) comes a very remarkable report. These men in the course of their researches uncovered an immense palace, resembling royal resi dences that have been disclosed in other parts of ancient Babylonia. In a vast courtyard near this palace, which was heaped high with mounds of debris, they unearthed the ruins of a tower, which, according to inscriptions found upon It, was called "The Temple of the Founda tion of Heaven and Earth, and which was dedicated to the honor of the god Zam ana. Various pieces of statuary found in the ruins seem to warrant the conclusion that the tower itself might have been constructed’during the reign of Hammu rabi, about 2100 B. C. There have been several so-called identifications of Babel. One of the§e related to the ruin of a tower at Borsippa (Birs Nimrud) which the Baylonlans called the 'House of Eter nity”; another was the temple, E-Sag illa, which has now disappeared and which was a huge, storied tower, bearing the appellation E-timin-an-ki (“House of the Foundation Stone of Heaven and Earth’ ). The similarity of the inscrip tions betw’een the latter and the newly found tower at Kis suggests the possibil- . ity of a natural mistake. Hammurfcbl is also said to have built a temple, also lu-ttf Kis. “whose top he carried up as high a8 heaven.” Thus, the region seems to have been "a complex of towers and sanc tuaries,” making the positive detremina tion of the Scriptural Babel a matter of grave difficulty. Any one Babylonian or .Chaldean temple 1* a t>p* oi *ii ih* other*.