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K. W. BARRETT.Editor Entered at the Birmingham. Ala., postoffice as second class matter under act of Congress March 3, 1ST'). Hally and Sunday Age-Herald.... 38.00 Hally and Sunday, per month.... .30 Hally and Sunday, three months.. 2.00 Weekly Age-Herald, per annum.. .50 Sunday Age-Herald.. 2.00 Subscriptions payable In advance. A. J. Eaton, Jr., and O. E. Young are the only authorized traveling represen tatives of The Age-Herald in Its clrcuia tion department. I No communication will be published without its author’s name. Rejected manuscript will not be returned unlees stamps are enclosed for that purposo Remittances cun be made at current rate of exchange. The Age-Herald will not be responsible for money sent through the malls. Address, THE AGE-HERALD. Birmingham. Ala. Washington bureau, SOT Hibbs build ing. European bureau,. 5 Henrietta street. I Covent Garden. London. Eastern business office, Rooms 48 to £0, inclusive. Tribune building. New York eity; western business office. Tribune building, Chicago. The S. C. Beckwith Special Agency, agents for eign advertising. TELEPHON'D Bell (private exchange connecting nil lepartmeutM), No- 4900. These new tuners of accents. — Itoinrn ami Juliet. A Pittsburg (tank The suspension of the First-Second National bank of Pittsburg yesterday was no surprise, it seems, to business men conversant with the situation. As one financier put it, two water-logged banks had consolidated and there never was a chance for the hyphenated institution to pull through. It should have been closed some time ago. While all the depositors of the First Second National of Pittsburg will be paid in full the suspension brings to mind and should emphasize the sug gestion which has been made by thoughtful bankers, that a fund should be created by a small tax which would assure prompt payment to each de positor of a closed national bank of 60 per cent of the amount on deposit. This would be a great relief and would make it comparatively easy for all depositors to wait for the affairs of the institution to be would up, when the balance due depositors would be available. The First-Second National of Pitts burg was a large bank and its closing will naturally be felt temporarily in that city. But in a great community like Pittsburg the effect will soon be forgot. The suspension of the bank has no relation whatever to the gen eral business situation and that being . so the announcement on the new York stock exchange yesterday was practi cally of negligible'interest. Allies Now Enemies The peace of Europe is again about to be seriously imperilled by the renewal of hostilities among the Balkan states, as it is more than likely that each of these states counts upon the support of some one of the great powers in case such is needed. There is a strog suspicion enter tained in many quarters that the ele ment of discord was purposely in troduced among the victorious allies by certain neighboring nations so as r to prevent the formation of a new and powerful combination of Slavic races. The allies won the sympathy of the Christian world in their glorious fight to secure their civil and religious lib erty, but that sympathy will soon dis appear and most likely turn to dis gust at the sight of such folly as their present action exhibits. The conduct of the allies and the result of the war showed that, there ■was glory enough for all, but there wasn’t half enough spoils. That seems to be the bone of contention over which they are now about to rend and tear each other while their old and common enemy quietly looks on and bides his time when he may again re cover all his losses. That he is secret ly preparing to do so is currently re ported but the allies are too busy cut ting each other’s throats to take notice of Turkey’s reorganization of her army. The one redeeming feature in this internecine war is the probability thd it will not last long as these peo ple fight with a wholehearted earn estness that makes prolongation im possible. A month or two will decide , the question between them and by that time the victor will be an easy capture for whatever sultan may hap pen to wear his head upon his should 1 ars. _ As to Weather Signs Certain familiar signs observed in the sky are said never to fail. A red sky in the morning brings storm and rain. A red sky at night is followed the next day by fair weather. The red sky sign was known to the ancients and was regarded by them ' as absolutely sure. Christ, in one of Hie impressive lessons, referred to the red sky in the morning and the rad sky at night as being signs famil iar to the people. Everybody, old and young, knows the jingle, “Red in the morning is a sailor’s warning; red at H night is a sailor’s delight." But while ^ } the red sky signs have been depended V qpon as if they were explainable by meteorological science they do fail sometimes. In fact, nothing seems truer than that all signs fail in dry weather. The sky was red—fiery red—Sun day morning. People who pay atten tion to weather signs were careful to provide themselves with umbrellas in the afternoon, thinking there would be a thunderstorm. But the evening was clear with nothing that indicated a disturbance of the elements. *There was no cooling change in the temper ature until Monday’s strong breezes came. Many persons who have been pin ning their faith to the red sky sign will begin at last to grow skeptical as to what the old goosebone prophets as well as the general public set store by. Something of Politics Strenuous efforts have been made by the leaders of the republican fac tions to get the two wings of the party to again unite against their common enemy—the democrats. Even Mr. Munsey, one of the strongest and bitterest in his denunciations of the old guard, advocates union. Yet Mr. Roosevelt, who was the entering wedge which split the party, stands aloof. He will not compromise with Ihose who he firmly believes kept him out of the White House and defeated his ambitions for a third term. If Mr. Roosevelt remains in his present frame of mind, it is quite likely that there will be no reunion of the two factions of the old repub lican party. The only way they can get together is for the remnants of the old party to rally round the Roosevelt standard and turn progres sives. But even if this were done, the only way that the democrats can be defeated four years from now must be brought about by themselves. If President Wilson’s administra tion is a success; if the country pros pers after the passage of the Under wood bill, and the party in power holds its forces in check, and refuses to allow the various committees which have in charge the appropriation of the public funds to run into reckftss extravagance, there will be no doubt that the people of the country will decide to retain the democratic party in power, and will continue it in pow er so long as it will discharge its duty to the public with care and prudence. Without question there will be mis takes; but the people will not call the party to account for mistakes, unless they be fundamental and in such number that they will prove clearly that the party is totally incompetent and unworthy of its trust. The greatest danger which threat ens the hold of the democratic party on the government now is, undoubted ly, the tendency toward heavy and reckless appropriations. It is also one of the hardest problems to solve. The party attempted its solution by the effort of the leaders to have ap pointed a budget committee. There are some reasonable objections to such a committee, the principle one being that it places a great power in the hands of a few men. At the same time if appropriations are left to a large number of committees as is the case now, it is next to impossi ble to eliminate extravagance. This is one of the problems still left unsolved and which must be worked out. Extravagance was a great factor in the defeat of the republicans. The democrats must avoid it, and it is up to the leaders to devise some means of doing so. Activity in Birmingham Birmingham and the Birmingham district present scenes of steady prog ress and healthy business activity. Building operations were, exceptionally brisk the first half of the year and will continue brisk throughout the second half. There is a vast deal of large construction work under way in the eity and district. The magnificent Tutwiler hotel, which represents an investment of $1,250,000, is being rushed to comple tion. Model apartment houses, large mercantile buildings and countless residences are being erected here at this time. At Fairfield $800,000 is be ing expended on the $3,500,000 wire mill to put it in operating order. Scores of houses are being built in the moi^el town of Fairfield for the skilled workmen that will be employed at the great mill and other plants sub sidiary to the Steel corporation. There is scarcely a mining town in the district where betterment work on a large scale is not being done. Within the past 12 months millions of dollars hjive been expended on improvements in the Birmingham industrial field and large expenditures will be made with in the next 12 months. Another noteworthy fact about Bir mingham as a business center at this timers that its pay rolls keep right up to the top notch. Certain it is that never in the history of this city was the business situation so roseate as it is today. A stage lady who extracted the sum or 1250,000 from t-. peer is now In a position to join the crowd who believe in art for art’s sake. Mat tea wan, N. Y., has lost its identity by Joining another village, but the status ol' llarry Thaw remains about the same. A Birmingham newspaper man rode up on a piece of steel to the top of a building 300 feet high. In Justice to the city editor, it should be stated that tile aerial part of his assignment was optional. A nail company is marketing its lath nails in sanltaty paper lined kegs, so lath ers can hold nails in thefr mouths without contracting d,sease. We are getting more sanitary every day. A Philadelphia woman started on a hunger strike, but was induced to change lier mind by a dish of ice cream. Still, Ice cream isn’t what you would call filling. An archdeacon climbed to the top of Mount McKinley and nobody doubts his word. However, people don't have to taka ills word, lie took along witnesses.— A revival of interest" in penmanship is reported from Wisconsin. We hope the revival won't fly oil at a tangent and re sult in a fresh crop of forgers. Now that a White House wedding is as sured, the feminine part of the United States feels that a great burden of un certainty >fias been lifted. "Blessings on the man who Invented the summer vacation!” says the Chicago Tribune. But darn the fellow who put up the price! The new split skirt that reveals the wearer’s leg aB far bh the knee every time she takes a step would bring modesty to a standstill. Harrison Fisher praises the "middy blouse” as a summer garb for girls. Fish er is a subtle flatterer, even in his pic tures. A New Jersey pastor ate 32 pancakes at or* sitting. He must have been waiting a long time for an opportunity to eat. Uncle Sam began a new fiscal year July 1 with a surplus which will probably keep him out of the poor house. A New Yark^man was sentenced to 15 ] years in prison for bigamy. He could have | saved by going to Reno. The first "dry” Sunday in the history of Washington probably found most of the; faithful “prepared.” __ The Berlin Medical society has decided against Dr. Friedmann. It seems to be unanimous. A Boston doctor says soap is not clean. Well, what’s his substitute? TWO FAMOUS MEN From the St. Louis Times. Right thinking people everwhere will regret that publicity has been given the fact that Col. Theodore Roosevelt has1 been given a permit in New York to carry a pistol. It is easy to complain of the tilings that the former President does, because he has manifested something little short of genius in cerating resentment in the public mind against many of his headstrong, not to say brutal, ways. But it is far easier to make a point in ffitvor of the sane practice of refusing to car ry a •gun.” There are good people in every com munity who are simply bewildered by that law’ in human nature which prompts men to carry death-dealing weapons with them. It is shockingly clear that most of the tragedies which occur are a result of the lax habit of carrying arms. "I drew my gun” is a phrase that occurs in every murder trial—as if a gun were part of a gen tleman’s personal equipment, and as if decent sentiment and law as well did not prohibit the practice of carrying | guns. A man who i^ still named as a proper I "model” for so many American boys | and young men might easily have been ' heard from in a more becoming light tha nas a man specially permitted to carry arinB| We prefer to think of that type of men represented by Judge Massie of Virginia, wild forfeited his life during the trial of the Allens, lawless moun taineers. The judge was warned that the Allens were likejy to precipitate a riot, and lie was advised to arm himself against possible danger. His response was that rather than manifest a fear of lawless men, and rather than believe that a gentleman need carry arms in the carrying out of any duty, he would present himself un armed when his court convened. Ho he did, and died. But the world wdll remember him, not as a foolisli man, but us a gentleman who knew' what the very essence of dignity is. AUTHOR OF "ROBINSON CRUSOE” Edith Wyatt, In the July Issue of The North American Review. One afternoon before I had ever read anything of De Foe's but “Robinson Crusoe,'’ I chanced to see quoted in a book some one had left lying open on a library table these words of his: “He that hath truth on his side Is a food as well as a coward if he Is afraid to own It because of the multitude of other men's opinions. 'Tls hard for a man to say all the world is mistaken but himself. But If it be so who can help it?” What makes style? It was as though the voice of Daniel De Foe spoke from the book, as actually as the voice of my friend who now came In ready for walk ing. And when this chance word led me to read De Foe and his biography, these were the story of a man who would have thought himself a fool not to own the truth he knew. He could own it by following the cause of the Duke of Monmouth through Sedgo moor and the Bloody Circuit: and in the "Essay on Projects ": and In the defiance of Parliament, in the I.eglon Better; ha could own It by being pilloried for jus tice to Dissenters and Churchmen alike: and by masquerading as a Jacobite to mitigate the excesses of the Tory proas: and by telling in many forms of Action that true story which was after all the history ofhls own life and will be the history of ours—the story of the soul of man In the midst of an unknown wil derness. When Friday cuts his father's bonds, and Moll Flanders sleeps on the deck planks of the transport, you breathe with them the wide air of the stories of peo ples. You are a part of the inarch of events; of the state of civilisation and of the responsible world of ben Besides this fine pleasure, you feel with Crusoe and oOlonel Jack and with Rox ana too a quick pride In t'he human fac ulty of moving toward the light. This peculiar tone of bright and merciful cu riosity and clear-thinking Ingenuity throughout De Foe's work Is Indescrib ably beautiful and Imparts a crystal splendor to all his life's labors. IN HOTEL LOBBIES Strictly High (lnav “The Tutwiler Hotel company is most fortunate indeed in securing as lease33 for Its magnificent building, the United Hotels company, of which Frank A. Dud ley of Niagara Falls is president, and Freedrlck W. Rockwell of Albany is gen eral manager,” said M. Webb Offutt, as sistant general manager of the Alabanm Power company. “I know both Mr. Dudley and Mr. Rock well. They are excellent men and under stand the hotel business from beginning to end. I have stopped at several of their hotels—the Ten Eyck at Albany and their hotels In Rochester, Syracuse and Waterbury, Conn. Each of those hotels is as large as the Tutwiler and one could not imagine more elegant hoetelries fhan the United Hotels company conducts. “Tt is safe to say that if the whole coun try had been searched no such satisfac tory lessees could have been found. The Tutwiler will be up in the class with the finest hotels in the world.” Bountiful Crops “Last year was a great crop year, and so will this year be from present indi cations,” said N. L. Woodford of Chicago. “If there is a lull in some lines of business now there will be great activity as fall approaches and as the bumper grain crops are being marketed. “I understand the south’s crop outlook is remarkably bright. The south is at tracting attention as never before as a section of solid prosperity and as a par ticularly inviting field to homeseekers. I don’t know whether there has been much increase in Alabama’s population from truck farmers from the north, but if an organized effort is made to induce this desirable class to settle in this state It will mean much. Several thousand in dustrious families should be Induced to buy farms in Alabama. If such a move ment is pushed there Will be wonderful results within five years.” An Animating Scene "That the 'spirit, of '76' is finding a more dignified expression from year to year was well illustrated last Friday in tiie celebration of the Boy Scouts of America,'' said a prominent business man. "These many little fellows, full of pa triotic sentiment, were gathered together in bands of 25 or 60 in accordance with the teaching of their manual to do honor to their country’s best traditions, and. throughout the land they exerted a leav ening influence in favor of a quiet, rev erential regard for the rights of others and a more orderly and less dangerous form of amusement than the promiscuous use of fireworks. A scene that could have but inspired the heart of any on looker was that which took place at noon on top of Red mountain. There on the highest point overlooking the city on the north and the beautiful Shades valley on the south, some 40 of these gallant little fellows with their scoutmasters and a few friends, met to listen to a very helpful and instructive talk from Mr. Bor den Burr, one of Birmingham's best citi zens. "The intense interest and perfect atten tion displayed by his hearers was an In spiration to Mr. Burr for an address that was full of good thoughts and high Ideals well worth listening to. There was also a talk from one of the boys on the sub ject of proper reverence for the flag and national airs, which are among the things that the whole country can receive In struction upon with Infinite profit. "All in all. these signs point unmistak ably to better things tn the country's fu ture when the boys are studying subjects like these instead of burning their fingers and losing their eyes by the undue waste of gunpowder.” Seasonable Weather "This hot wave, while It has been un comfortable to man and beast, has been good for tiie crops and good for the merchants who sell dry goods and clothing,” said a member of the Cham ber of Commerce. “Nothing helps the retail trade as much as seasonable weather and the merchants welcome an early and a warm spring, a hot summer, a cool fall and a cold winter. "The summer is fast slipping away, and 1 will make a guess that when August comes we will have bright, pleas ant days and nights cools enough for a light blanket." Hot Weather In the North ''Birmingham, as hot as it lias been recently, is pleasant, compared with New York and Chicago," said a man who spent last week in the east. "I never suffered as much in my life from the heat as 1 did in New York and a Chicago friend tells me that the heat wus uncommonly oppressive in his city. "The record of heat prostrations has been very large, but I have heard of no prostrations In Birmingham. All in all, I think we have about the best climate in this country." Schubert's Modesty "Sir George Grove once wrote that Schubert was the only modest musician that ever lived," says Henry T. Fink in the New York Evening Post, "While tills is not strictly true, it cannot be denied, that Schubert (like Greig in our generation) would have got along better had he been more Inclined to at least ‘admit’ his superlative genius without trying to prove it. "At a recent auction sale in Berlin, one of the most coveted articles was a letter from Schubert to his brother, Fer dinand, delating to Ills quartets. Today it is admitted by all competent judges that the Schubert quartets are in the very front line of chamber music, unsur passed by any one. But here is what Schubert wrote when he heard that his quartets were being produced by Ferdi nand: " 'It would be better for you to give your attention to oilier quartets than mine, for they are of no value, except in so far us they indy please you, who like everything I have written.' "For this letter the Berlin auctioneer got 1500 marks, or nearly 1400, which is probably more than Schubert got for all the chamber music he ever composed —and he was most prolific.” NERO'S DINING ROOM London Correspondence Philadelphia Ledger. The celebrated Italian archaeologist, Commemlalore Boni, the excNyator of the Roman Forum, Iiuh been visiting London, and, to a large audience of classical students at King’s college, he guve a lecture on "The Houses of the Republican Period Now Discovered Un der the Palaco of Dorottian." One of the most Interesting state ments made by Signor Bonl was that he had discovered traces of the original dining room of Nero, which could be revolved by machinery. In his search for the machine room he had discov ered three vertical shafts, down one of which lie went 120 feet without reaching the bottom. Near one of the vertical shafts, however, he found a tank and 20 feet below this was a chamber 20 feet wide by 60 feet long, with stones serrated like cog wheels on a horizontal bed. This he took to be the engine room of Nero and bis pre decessors. Under the dining room, again lie found a bath, with a variety of rooms for different treatments, the walls being richly decorated with va rious pictures. The excavations, which were under taken last season and are still being carried on, are being condueted on a site on the Palatine hill, which, from Its Important and conspicuous position, must have been the site said the lec turer, of the houses of r. great pa trician families. Several highly im portant discoveries had been made. A study of the Palace of Domitian had resulted, said Commendatore Bonl, in the discovery of part of a circular drain of the time of Nero. A staircase vvae found leading to a series of five chambers, separated by arched door waj's, in which salt water fish were preserved and segregated according to their size and quality. He took this to be a Neorian conduction. A cylindrical wall of the time of Nero^ which cut right through an underground house, was also found. The vaults of this house had a number of frescoes on the walls, which still retained the beau tiful purple of the murex, and w'ere decorated with little brackets which might have supported lamps. One of the most remarkable discov eries under the Palace of Domitian was the original frescoes, rather badly damaged, one showing the landing of Helen at Troy. In the basement, too, were found the remains of the imperial throne. When the lecturer descended a hole In the center of the atrium of the palace he foun,*! galleries beautifully plastered, not with Roman material and bohes of animals, pottery, a magnificent figure of a lion modeled in clay, and one in terra cotta, and the head of a camel, which must have dated from the second century B. C. IDLING IN SI MtlKn From Dream Life, by Donald G. Mitchell. I thank heaven every summer's day of my life that try lot was humbly cast with in tho hearing of romping brooks and be neath the shadow of oaks. And from all the tramp and bustle of the world, Into which fortune has led me In these latter years of my life. I delight to steal away for days und for weeks together, and bathe my spirit in the freedom of the old woods and to grow young again, lying upon the brookslde and counting the whits clouds that sail along the sky, softly and tranquilly—even ns holy memories go stealing over the vault of life. * • • I like to steep my soul in a sea of quiet, with nothing floating past me as I lie moored to my thought, but the perfume of flowers and soaring birds, and shadows of clouds. Two days since I was sweltering In the heat of the city. Jostled by the thousand eager workers and panting under the shadow of the walls, tent I have stolen away, and for two hours of healthful re growth Into the darling past, I have been lying, this blessed summer's morning, upon the grassy stream that babbled me to sleep In boyhood. Dear, old stream, unchanging, unfaltering—with no harsher notes now than then—never growing old smiling In your silver rustle, and calming yourself In the broad, placid pools—I love you, as I love a friend. FACTS ABOUT URTTYSBl'HG From the Kansas City Times. One hundred and sixty thousand men took part in the battle. Forty-three thousand soldiers were killed, wounded or captured. , Lee’s army numbered more than 70,000 troops. . Approximately 90,MD men fought under Meade's command. The confederate losses were about -0 > 000, while the union army lost 23,000 men. The battle began at daybreak on July 1, 1803 and lasted three days. The commanders of both armies, it has been stated, dissatisfied with the .outcome of the great battle, tendered their resigna tions when the fighting had ended. Gettysburg is ranked as one of the great decisive battles of the world. * Pickett's charge on Cemetery Ridge Is called the high tide mark of the civil war, Longstreet, Pickett’s commander, op posed Lee's order for the charge, and ri fused to give a verbal command. White faced at the thought of what was to come, the famous division commander merely nodded Ills head when Maj. Gen. George E. Pickett galloped up for.the order that sent his gallant nun on a heric dash against death more reckless than the fa mous "charge of Ihe Light Brigade." STREET RAILWAY UTOPIA From the Detroit X Imes. # Charles Wright, former alderman from the second ward, has returned frOni a trip around the world-, and has some interest ing data on the municipal operation of the street railway system in Sydney, Aus tralia Mr. Wright says that Detroit and Syd ney are almost Identical in size, and that both Ire very prosperous. In Sydney it is possible to ride to almost any part of tiie city for a 2 cent fare, 4 cents being the maximum fare. "The oars are run on a regular schedule, much better than ours, even during the rush hours; are clean, -well ventilated, and every passenger has a seat," said Mr. Wright. "I was in Sydney for several weeks and the operation of the system so pleased me that I investigated to see if I could learn anything that would be of ad vantage to Dftroit. I learned that the sys tem, which has been under municipal op eration for JO years, is making money for the city of Sydney. The people there are delighted with the service, and while there I never heard a single complaint. On only one or two occasions during the rush hour did I see people standing in the car*. A receipt is given for every fare paid." HER SYSTEM OK ACCOUNTS From an Exchange. A young Philadelphian who had decided that his somewhat extravagant spouse ought to keep an account of her expendi tures came to her one day with a neat ac count book, prettily bound. "Now, Suzanne,' said he. "I want you to put down on this side of the book the money I give you lor the household ex penses, and on the other a statement of hosfr- it goes. In a couple of weeks I’ll give you another supply of money.” Susanne took the book and promised to follow instructions. Two weeks later hubby called for the book. "Oh, I've kept it all right," said Su zanne. "Here It is." On one page was written: "Received from Dick iifiO,” ana on the opposite was this comprehensive statement: "Spent it all." FAME AWAITS HIM From the Louisville Courier-Journal. A Cincinnati man says he has Invented a means of making beer at home for 1 ■lent a glass. He will be declared the father of Us city. ADRIFT WITH THE TIMES LOVE'S COMFORTING. O little lad and little lass, How merrily you trip together. But childhood's happy days will pass— Life won’t always be sunny weather. And when the dark days come, my dears. And fortune’s minions all desert you. If love remains to dry your tears, The bitter barbs of fate won't hurt , you. OUTBLOWN. “I have often wanted to see Mrs. Jabberson walking In the tqfth of a gale that was blowing great gutis.” "What on earth do you want to see her doing that for?” "I don't believe she could talk then.” OF THE SAME MIND. "Young man, I don’t ever want to catch you kissing my* daughter again.” "I am sure, sir, you could not wish that any more fervently than, I do.” A HIGH NOTE, PROBABLY. "Don't you think the tenor sinks with a great deal of feeling?” "Yes. He seems to he feeling for something he can't reach.” A PATRIOTIC CITIZEN. He may confess the days are warm. But he's as stubborn as a mule And what is more, may do you harm If you dare say the nights aren't cool. MISLED BY RAGTIME. "The band is going to play our na tional air," remarked the host to the distinguished ftrelgn visitor. "Of [course you have heard it.” "Er—yes.” answered the distin guished foreign visitor. ”1 don't re member exactly how the music goes, but the words, I believe, are to the effect that somebody or other is wail ing for a steamboat." SARTORIAL MATTERS. • A quiet man Was Abner Box; He never did , Wear purple sox. —Birmingham Age-Herald. A peaceful man Was Silas Rye; He never wore A bright red tie. —Cincinnati Enquirer An unassuming Man was Blatz; He never would wear Pearl gray spats. —Houston Post. A stylish man Was Thomas Bowser; He always wore A peg-leg trouser. —Hutchinson Gazette. A neglected man Was Father Adam; He'd have worn them all l If he’d only had ’em. —Plhgton,. Kan., News. BOUND TO GET HIS MONETS WORTH. "Titewa.d says his face Is always sore.” “Well, why doesn’t he tell his bar ber not to shave him close?” “He says a light shave isn’t worth 15 cents." PAUL COOK. WOMEN AND TROUSERS From the Philadelphia Ledger. ALMOST every day there is a declar ation from some advanced person that women will soon be wearing trousers. One who claims to speak with authority says the plans and specifications of the new garments are already made, and that the plunge will take place with in a year. We are told by these ladies that fashions have been tending to the change for several seasons. The hobble and the slit skirt and otner marvelous ex hibits are cited as approaches to the goal. Queen Christina of Sweden wore male attire, and Dr. Mary Walker has long been proud of her trousers. The history of clothes is always Interesting, and trous ers afford an excellent example of evolu tion from the ornate to the practical. Tho pantaloons introduced by the Venetians were hose combining breeches and stock ings in one garment. In the regency of I George IV the breeches fitted the body from the waist down below the calves of the legs and there were fastened with but tons or ribbons, and later by straps run ning under the4 boots. The aerlous men who met in this town in 1776 and pro claimed the Declaration of Independence showed great care and considerable va riety In their breeches, and if they were to purade Chestnut street today they would Attract as big a crowd as a circus procession. “But the old three-cornered hat, And the breecbe*: and all thaU Are so que_i:\ A garment for men extending on each leg separately to or just belOw the knee is the accepted definition of breeches, la most cases this garment is not handsome; It is hard to keep in shape and it bags horribly. Man has conquered the sea and the earth, harnessed the lightning, count ed the stars and hitched the forces of na ture to his mills and his wagons, but in the matter of breeches his only progress is in two hip pockets, which he seldom uses. With all his inventive genius he cannot find a crease that will stay put, and with all his growing billions he cannot buy or invent a substitute that will be an im provement. It is inconceivable that women will want to subject themselves to the tyranny of this garment. It is not graceful; it will not allow them opportunities for new styles, and it will rob them of the inde finable charm that goes with their own distinctive dress. Of course, almost any thing would be better than some of kite present fashions, but why not refoim them? Or why not bear the ills they have than fly to others they know not of? Man was in hard luck when fate'put him in trousers, but he deserved his punishment* Bo it would seem Jo be better for the lade a to punish him further by leaving him to his doom, FESTIVITIES AMONG PAPUANS From lhe Wide World Magazine. Festive seasons are few and far between among the Papuans. Poor creatures! They have little time to spare for amuse ment, their thoughts being entirely direct ed toward the supply of sufficient food. This statement refers more particularly to the women, who are the workers and! chief food collators, the men varying their time between occasional hunting trips and lolling about in blissful idleness on the sands opposite the village. The papuaa male evidently haS a rooted dis like for work and Ideas of his own as to the duties of wives. In the month of May the principal fes tival of the year takes place—closely con nected, as might be expected, with the all important question of food. Pigs are not bred in the villages, but are run down in the jungle when very young and then brought up amongst the people, subsist ing precariously on the miscellaneous debris discarded by their human com panions. The slaughter of these pigs Is made the occasion for a dance and general Jollifi cation. On one occasion for several days friends from Hi a neighboring villages had been collecting at Parimau, straining the house accommodation to the utmost and ] l causing intense excitement. On the night I previous to the day of days a great dance took place, entirely on the part of the women, for the men—noble creatures!— never demean themselves by Joining in such frivolities. The dancing takes the form of a curious shuffling of the feet and much undulation of the body. The greater the movement of the latter, com bined with the least action of the legs, the nearer is the artiste to perfection, according to Papuan standard. SMOKING MADE HARMLESS From Answers. Nicotine Is the poison that lurks In to bacco, and many have been the efforts and experiments to do away with this harm ful feature in “the pipe that cheers" It has been found with different methods that when the nicotine has been extracted the tobacco was quite tasteless; but deal ers and manufacturers have now reached their end by the Simplest of processes - soaking the nicotine out of the tobacco. This is the method. Soak the tobacco In fresh, pure water in an earthen dish for about an hour, then remove the to bacco and dry it out of doors. Chemical analysis of the water in which the tobacco has been soaked shows that a very large percentage of the nicotine lias been dissolved. This solution, incidentally, is a useful poison to kill Insects on green house and other plants. Tobacco thus treated loses its aroma to some extent; but the smoker soon acquires a liking for the purity of the blend, and saves In health anil pocket by buying to bacco in natural leaf form from the wholesalers, soaking carefully for several hours, and drying slowly on paper. ' THE pilgrim OF GUADALUPE From the July Wide World Magaxlne. The chapel of La Santlslma Virgin de Guadalupe Hidalgo stands on a hill, the hill on which she firBt. appeared to a hum blo Mexican shepherd, six miles from the heart of Mexico City, overlooking the or dinarily small village of Guadalupe Hi dalgo, where was signed, more than half a century ago, the treaty which ended the war between Mexico and the United States. The pilgrimage of these Indians—for this is purely an Indian fiesta—culminates on December 12 of each year, the dag which has been dedicated to the special worship of the Mexican virgin. Owing to the long distances over which many of tho pilgrims are compelled to make their way on foot, the start from gemote sections of Mexico in made about the middle of August, and as these most distant pilgrims pass through the villages and towns on their way to Guadalupe, they gather tho faith ful from the settlements en route. Lest any of these should miss the cere monies, the celebration lasts a full week, terminating on December 15, and com mencing, In a small way. about Decem ber g or 9. Then the first of the horde of worshippers straggles in; incessant but happy ringing of the bells In the ciiapei and the cathedral at Guadalupe begins while candles are burned Incessantly ami prayers offered every hour, day and night, for the ensuing week. A mow AT DUELING From the Cleveland Plain Dealer. Henri: "M'steur, we inns' fight—we mus’ fight to ze death!” Bertrand: "M’sleur, 1 am altogezzair at your Service, My fr-r-rtend, ze mar quis, weel wait upon you wl*out. delay.” Henri: "M'sleur, you are a br-r-r-rave man. 1 salute you tviz ze hat off ze head. But before 1 accept ze ubligatlone to seper-r-rate you from ze earthly inter-r rests, let us consideraire.” Bertrand: "Consider what, M’sleur? Ze weapones? Ze field of lioimalre?” Henri: "No, no, M'sleur. Let us con sider ze painful fact zat we can no more hope to r-r-recelve ze pleasant r-raference In ze journal of ze day. Alas, M'sleur, ze law—ze accursed law—weel permit no more duels to be mention In ze columns of zc downtrodden press!" Berl rand, inexpressibly shocked: "Name of a name* Zen why should we fight?" Henri, mournfully: "Ah, why indeed, my poor friend?" Bertrand, tenderly: "Absinthe, M’sleur’/" Henri, briskly: "Oul. M’sleur.” They exit gayly arm in arm. THE GOD OK WAR By Israel Zangwlll. "To safeguard peace we must prepare for war"— I know that maxim; it was forged in hell. This wealth of ships and guns In flames the vulgar And makes the very war It guards against. The God of AVar Is now a man of busi ness. With vested Interests. So much sunk capital, such countless callings, The Army, Navy, Medicine, the Churoh— To blesH and bury—Music, Engineering, Redtape Departments, Commissariats, Stores. Transports, Ammunition, Coal ing stations. Fortifications, Cannon Foundries, Ship yards, Arsenals, Ranges, Drill Hulls, Float ing docks. War Loan Promoters, Military Tailors, Camp Followers, Canteens, War Cor respondents, Horse Breeders, Armorers, Torpedo Builders, I pipeclay and Medal Vendors, Big Drum Makers4 Gold Lace Embroiderers, Opticians, Buglers. Tenlmakers, Banner Weavers, Powder Mixers, crutches ana cork Limb Manufac turers, Balloonists, M&ppists, Hsliograpbers, Inventors, Flying Men and Diving Dem ons, . Beelzebub and all his hosts, wh/ tv bother ■ / In, V/ater, Earth or Air, among th/m pocket 1 When Trade Is brisk a million pouJbs a week I t.