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K. W. .Editor Entered at the Birmingham, Ala., postofflce as second class matter under act of Congress March *. 1879 Daily and Sunday Age-Herald..., 89.00 Daily and Sunday, per month.10 Daily and Sunday, three months,. 2.00 Weekly Age-Herald, per annum.. .60 Sunday Age-Herald. * 00 Subscriptions payable in advance. A. J. Eaton. Jr., and O. E. Young are the only authorized traveling represen tatives of The Age-Herald in its circula tion department. No communication will be published without its author's name. Rejected manuscript will not be returned unices stamps are enclosed for that purpose. Remittances can be made at current rate of exchange. The Age-Herald will hot be responsible for money sent through the malls. Address. THE AGE-HERALD, Birmingham, Ala. Washington bureau, si* Hibba build ing. European bureau, E Henrietta street. Covent Garden, London. Eastern business office. Rooms 48 to 80, Inclusive, Tribune building. New York city; western business office. Tribune building, Chicago. The S. C. Beckwith Special Agency, agents for sign advertising. TELEPHONE Bell (private exchange connecting nil departments), No. 4Mg. In simple and pare aoul I come to you* —Othfllw* , Wilson Ordered Home Conditions in the pseudo republic of Mexico seem to grow worse instead of better, and pressure is being brought to bear upon Washington to insist upon remedial measures. At present the outcotne is obscured in a maze of diplomatic negotiations. In tervention may be the only means of restoring order, but the United States will avoid such a course as long as possible. Europe's insistence, how ever, that the interests of its citizens in Mexico be given adequate protec tion may finally compel armed inter ference by America. That Germany will attempt to act independently is hardly to be expected. Thousands of men and millions in money would be required to subjugate Mexico. No wonder Washington hesi tates to take the step which must cost blood and treasure to an extent which cannot be estimated. President Taft never rose to higher patriotism than when, in the last days of his ad ministration, he stood firmly against committing the United States to a policy the pursuit of which would have meant the death of many a brave young soldier and the recession from which would have meant national dis credit. Francisco Madero thought Mexico could govern itself. Madero was more of an American than a Mexican. He was educated in this country and was imbued with its inspirations and its ideals. He longed to inaugurate American rule in Mexico. His dream had a grim and ghastly ending. Madero's tenure of the presidency was not beneficial to the land he so earnestly desired to help. The Mexi cans confused license with liberty. Freed from the mailed fist of Porfirio Diaz, bandit bands roamed the coun try, and rebelling displaced bull fighting as the national pastime. When Felix Diaz raised a revolt at Vera Cruz and was taken by the loyal troops, Madero spared his life. When Madero fell into the hands of Diaz, he was promptly murdered. Ambassador Wilson has been or dered home to give at first hand his account of actual conditions. It will be a week or more before he arrives, and any positive step by President Wilson until that time is improbable. A peace ful and honorable way out of the dif ficulty may be found. America earn estly hopes so. Birmingham's Voters Birmingham has a population in excess of 170,000. It is estimated that about 9600 registered voters are eligi ble to participate in the coming muni cipal election. This number is so small that it is evidence of some vital defect in our constitution and laws govern ing the privilege of suffrage. It is commonly figured that one per son out of five is of the male sex and 21 years or more of age. This propor tion should give Birmingham a voting population of something like 35,000. When the constitution of 1901 was formulated, the suffrage section was framed with the view of purging the ] poll lists of the ignorant and the vicious. To that end a cumulative poll tax was provided. With the lapse of years this has become extremely bur densome. Neglect to pay one year’s tax of $1.50 results in disfranchise ment. There are men who are in ar rears several payments, and of these a large number will never pay, pre ferring to forego the privilege of vot ing rather than draw more or less heavily upon their pocketbooks. Often southern states and districts are severely criticised because of the small vote cast. Ten thousand votes in Alabama will go as far toward putting a man in office as will 50,000 in some other sections of the nation. In re stricting the electorate, the makers of the constitution went too far. Of course, they builded as best they knew, but they did not have the fac ulty of reading the future. Ia this state the payment of poll tax is not compulsory. No bills are rendered. The man who wants to vote must pay the tax voluntarily, and he must pay it before February 1 if he wishes to participate in any of the elections that year. An amendment to the suffrage sec tion of the constitution must come in time. Our number of qualified voters has utterly failed to keep pace with the growth of population. There must be an increase in the poll lists. The President's Great Service President Wilson’s prompt action in suggesting a conference at the White House between the officials of the eastern roads and the labor leaders looking toward the arbitration of their differences probably was the means of saving the country one of the great est strikes in recent years. The con ference resulted in an agreement to pass the Newlands bill as it is known in the Senate, and the Clayton bill as known in the House—both bills being substantially the same—which provide definite means for arbitration of all such differences in the future, and the Congress promptly carried out the agreement. President Wilson did not hesitate but took hold of the situation in the only way to accomplish results and to get immediate action, and that was by making all parties interested, both in the strike and the legislation a party to this conference. Senator Newlands, Chairman Clayton the House ju diciary committee, and Minority Lead er Mann, and Minority Leader Mur doch, representing all parties in Con gress, were requested to be present by the President to give assurances to the railroad officials and the labor leaders that Congress would respond to the situation with v.'hatever remedy that was agreed upon. The service that the President ren dered the country, to say nothing of the contending parties in this diffi culty, cannot be exaggerated. A strike would have brought untold losses both to the roads and the employees; would have caused suffering to the families of the 100,000 men involved to say nothing of the inconvenience and loss of business to the public. It was another quick, firm step taken by the chief executive, which, like some that he has taken in the past, is stamping him as one of the great Presidents of the republic. It is the power and the force to do things worth while at the proper time, like this, that will make the Wilson ad ministration a notable one in the his tory of the country._ Dr. Rosenthal’s Claim Dr. Friedmann, after holding the center of the stage for quite a little spell, has retired to his dressing room, and Dr. Rosenthal of Paris succeeds the German behind the footlights. Dr. Rosenthal pretends to have discovered a specific which will not only rout tuberculosis but also will put to flight lupus, adenite and meningitis. As in the case of* Friedmann, the medical profession and the layman alike are awaiting proof. Gold tricyanide, says Dr. Rosenthal, is the deadly enemy of the tubercular microbe. One-half of a milligramme of this salt, he claims, is sufficient to sterilize a whole culture, while a larger dose, peculiarly, will have no effect. The patient will not be harmed by the administration of the cure in the proper quantities, the Paris doctor contends, and he points out that cyanide of mercury is habitually taken in doses of a centigramme without evil results. Humanity hopes that Dr. Rosenthal has found the long-sought remedy for the white plague. But humanity doubts that he has. Many highly recommended cures have been proven valueless, but science continues un discouraged. In time the looked-for germicide will be discovered. Small pox, yellow fever, diptheria and other diseases once so frightful in their ravages have been conquered.. That consumption will eventually be curbed is most probable. Now that Dr. Friedmann has gone back to his retorts and his turtles, it is given out that his vaccine “consists of a homogeneous emulsion of live avirulent tuberculosis bacilli in sterile distilled water.” Just think of putting that in your system! _ Poisons and Medicines Hardly has the country had time to congratulate itself upon the safe and sane Fourth when the wail of lamen tation is heard again all over the land, and this time it is from men mourning for the death of their wives, wives for husbands, children for parents and parents for children, and all because of the criminal folly of mistaking poison for medicine. Two bottles of equal size and shape, one of them containing cough tabloids and the other bichloride of mercury tabloids, are placed side by side on a shelf in a bedroom. A man or woman ortthild is seized with a fit of cough ing during the night, the wrong tab loid is administered and then the cor oner is called in. This, in brief, is the story of an occurrence which has be come so common of late that it has ceased to cause more than passing comment. The question to be considered is where to place the blame and how to provide a remedy. Poisons and pistols are left lying around within reach of every member of the family, and it is only when the tragedy happens tnat attention is called to a danger so long overlooked. But it fs then ^too late to protest, and now is the time when some action should be taken to regu late the sale and possession of these means of death which are to be found so carelessly scattered around in some homes. Many suggestions have been made with regard to the shape of the bottles and packages containing poisons and this would seem to be one of the ways by which the risk could be reduced, but even a better would be to keep such articles in places far removed from ordinary accessibility. St. Swithln's day was last Tuesday. There Is an old English superstitution connected with that feast to the effect that if It rains any time during the day, the rain will continue for to days. It rained In Birmingham Tuesday after noon but since then J. Pluvius has gone elsewhere. Mr. Bristow cites the fact that Thomas Jefferson worked as Secretary of State for $3500 a year, but that is no argument that Mr. Bryan can live on $12,000. Thomas Jefferson probably never bad to buy a bot tle of grape Juice In his life. A young woman student at the Ithaca Conservatory of Music broke all records by living on 50 cents a week. If she mar ried such economy would be knocked awry when hubby demanded porterhouse. During yesterday afternoon many peo ple who would never think of remov ing their coats in polite company actual ly removed their collars. Adam had the right Idea, anyhow. Cole Blease says he will never lecture for money. He no doubt realizes that he could gather more coin by exhibiting him self in a cage. Ex-Congressman Watson says Roosevelt was “the castor oil President." He was certainly a disagreeable dose to some of the standpatters. Polly Hopkins’ charge that Governor Sulver wrote poetry is mitigated in part by the allegation that he only did so while delirious. Mr. Lauterbach and Mr. Lamar seem ! to have been the goats of the bulls and the bears of Wall street. If misery loves company, thoughts of Czar Ferdinand must be Very sweet to Huerta these days. It is said that August will be a month of cool nights, which is more than July has. been up to date. Some grouch has suggested that Con gress investigate the hot weather trust. THE PENNSYLVANIA HOLDUP From the Springfield Republican. Another argument for federal ownership of the anthracite coal mines of Pennsyl vania—W'hat is left of them—has been given to anti-monopoly agitators by the performance of the Pennsylvania legisla ture in levying a tax on the coal mined and shipped out of the state. No one ex- j peeted that the coal companies would pay the tax. Coal companies in Scranton be gan sending out new bills Saturday, and on the bills was this explanation: Plus the 2*4 per cent tax levied by the commonwealth of Pennsylvania. The great bulk of the hard coal mined in Pennsylvania is marketed outside of Pennsylvania. And nature decreed that most of the hard coal deposits in North America should be located in that com monwealth. It does not matter much to the average consumer whether he is held up by a coal company or the railroad back of the coal company or a state gov ernment. The effect Is the same. In this case, the state of Pennsylvania is collecting from all New England a tax which is virtually a payment for the priv ilege of burning Pennsylvania coal. If hard coal of good quality could be obtained from other states, the tax would not matter much, but under the circum- ! stances it w ill be felt and probably resent-1 ed by thousands of people in all parts of ' the country. The tax will inflame agitation for federal ownership of the mines if it be made per- ■ manent. From any proper and reasonable viewpoint, those coal deposits are a na tional resource, a national asset. It would have been a blessing had they not passed under private ownership in the first place —only to become the property of monopo lists controlling also the railroads that moke the coal accessible to the consumer. If on top of the coal roads monopoly the stale of Pennsylvania is to levy taxes on the coal produced, the situation fill not long be endured. NOT “HONORABLY DISCHARGED” From the Kansas City Journal. J. R. Ford, commander of Marniaduke camp. United Confederate Veterans, at Butler, Mo., publishes a card in the Bates County Democrat in regard to ex-confed erates receiving pensions unde:' the recent act of the Missouri legislature. The law says tnat an applicant for a pension must show an honorable discharge, but Mr. Ford says that this will be impossible, as there never was an honorably di& charged confederate soldier. All confed erate soldiers were made prisoners of war and paroled according to the agree ment made by Generalu Dee and General Giant and remained as such fou two years. Afterward by proclamation by the i resident they were restored" to citizen ship and given the ballot. If Mr. Ford is right in his conclusion, and ex-confed erates must show honorable discharges, few of them will be able to take advan tage of the pension la/w. It does not seem probable, however, that such a flim sy technicality would be allowed to 'de feat the law\ especially since the. lhw was parsed at the demand of the democratic administration. QUAKER QUIPS From the Philadelphia Record. The pious girl is not always a church belle. Procrastination is a big word to accom plish so little. Some men impress their friends as being too good to be true. Even the girl with clocks in her stock ing? may miss a train. People who give advice must expect to take a lot of blame. You can flatter many won.cn by calling them desperate flirts. It is possible lor a man to have more gold in his teeth than in the bank. i IN HOTEL LOBBIES Acltvf Bitftlncaui In Pittsburg ‘‘I found a great d#*al of business ac tivity in Pittsburg.” said John F. Fletther of Shook & Fletcher, who vis ited the great industrial city last week. “I met many prominent manufactur ers and they all seemed optimistic. Many of them have orders booked that will keep their plants running at full capacity for the rest of the year.” Blruiingiiani'ia Expansion ' What impresses me especially about j Birmingham is its expansion in so many directions/; said John L/ Herndon of i Detroit. "I first visited this city about five years ago. This is my second visit and 1 remark the splendid improvements that I see on all sides. Birmingham’s business district is spreading out and no city of approximately Birmingham’s size has so many beautiful residence sections. In many cities there is only one fashionable residence district but here there are several and all of them are attractive. This city has a great future, indeed.” I Leaving for Ireland The Rev. Father Coyle will leave this morning for New York, whence lie sails on the Mauretania for Ireland. The passengers for the Emerald Isle dis embark at a Welsh port and proceed in local boats to their destination. Father Coyle’s mother is In poor health j and he Is going to his native land at | this time especially on her account. He ! expects to return to Birmingham about October 1. Father Coyle, as pastor of St. Paul’s church, has onerous duties, his Work becoming more exacting every year on account of the rapid growth of his parish. He needs a vacation and his parishioners as well as his non-Cath olic friends will wish him a pleasant voyage. Mr. Hr.mu as n Lecturer “Notwithstanding Secretary of State Bryan's earnest defense of himself in lecturing for pay in order to supple ment his official income it Is safe to say that the practice will be discon tinued,” said an old citizen who for merly lived in Washington. “I have been an admirer of Mr. Bryan but he is wrong in his posi tion in the matter referred to. The lec ture profession is a high and honor able one, of course, but the Secretary of State should be above engaging in any business 'on the side’ and the same rule should apply to all cabinet officers. “Some persons may think that the salary of $12,000 a year is inadequate for cabinet secretaries. I have heard it suggested that $25,000 would be about the right salary, but I believe it is better to keep the pay down to a rea sonable amount, such as the present salary. A man with a moderate fam ily can live on $12,000 a year in Wash ington even now, with the high cost of commodities. But whether he could or pot lie should manage to get along without having a ’side line’ business.. “The consensus of opinion seems to be strongly opposed to Mr. Bryan con tinuing in the lecture field during his incumbency of the office of Secretary of State.” Regarding Official Ftiquette “It seems to be the custom in the pres ent administration for postmasters and other officials to be asked for a resigna tion when the President is ready to ap point a successor,” said an old politician. “Postmaster General Burleson asked for the resignation of the postmaster at San Francisco some time ago, but that official declined to respond. The other day the postmaster at Macon, Ga., was asked by the Postmaster General to send in his resignation, and, like the San Francisco man, he declined to do so. “It is all right, no doubt, for the Pres ident to ask for the resignation of cabi net officials when he wishes to get rid of them, but the old way in regard to post masters, collectors and other officials Is the most sensible. A man of the party In power was appointed to succeed the other fellow and he succeeded him without any ado.” The State Fair “YVe are going to have a great state fair in October,” said President B. B. Burton. "We will have some fine racing. I am particularly gratified at the entries thus far. As to the agricultural exhibits, v.e will have the best ever seen in the state. We need more space for the products and the increasing interest in the agricultural display will necessitate larger buildings next year. “That the attendance will be unusually large at the fair this year goes without saying. Our state fair is popular all over Alabama, and as the farmers are raising big crops this summer everybody who comes here in the fall will have money to spend.” Writes from Prague "While traveling abroad there Is noth ing so much appreciated as a newspaper from your home town," said a man who has traveled extensively. "Especially is this true when you aro traveling in a country of whose language you are unfamiliar. Recently 1 saw a let ter from George Huddleston, the well known Birmingham attorney, who Is tour ing in Europe, from Prague, Austria Hungary. Writing to a friend, Mr. Hud dleston said: " ‘I saw a copy of The Age-Herald to day and it was like meeting an old friend. It was the first paper from Birmingham I had seen for some time, and I was pret ty hungry for news from home. I got some little satisfaction out of the English papers, but nothing like The Age-Herald, even If It was several weeks old. I spent the Fourth of July in this place, but had no one to celebrate it with me and the only American (lag 1 saw was a paper one advertising American shoes, but It sure looked good. American made goods are In evidence everywhere I have traveled, especially shoes, tools, sewing machines, shirts and collars. You simply cannot buy many household necessities fit to use unless of American manufacture. But to come back to the news from home, please forward The Age-Herald to the address below.’ ” About Persoas W. J. Bowles, formerly a well known Birmingham newspaper man, Is visiting here for a few days. Mr. Bowles Is now practicing law In Covington, Ky., where he has lived for several years, and has been very successful. Mr. Bowleg was responsible for the organisation of the present Southern Baseball association in 1901. VAIN REJUVENATING AGENTS From the New York Evening Post. In even different ways has the world been on the point of being regenerated slnf'a the Spanisli-Amerlcan war. For the completeness with which the world has I been reconstructed consult the current files ! of tlie newspapers. The world was to be made over by means of the bicycle. The straphanger was to abandon his strap and ride joyfully down the Broadway cable slot, snapping bis fingers at traction mag nates, and imbibing ozone. The factory hand was to abandon his city flat and live iu the open country, going to and from his work through the green lanes at j 16 miles an hour, with his lunch on the j hand!* bar. The old were to grow young j again and Hie young were to dream close to the h>art of nature. The doctors wrere J to perish of starvation. But where is the bicycle today? The world was to be made over by jiu jitsu. Elderly gentlemen were to regain the waist line of their youth by 10 min utes' praptice every morning in the secrets , of the Samurai. Slim young women, when i attacked by heavy ruffians, were to seize their assailants by the wrist and hurl them over the right shoulder. The police were to discard their revolvers and *heir night sticks, and suppress rioters by mere muscular contraction. The doctors, as be fore, were to grow extinct through the rapid process of starvation. But where* is jiu jitsu today? The world was to be regenerated by de natured alcohol. Congress had merely to remove the Internal revenue tax and a new motive power would be let loose, far transcending the total available horse power of our coal mines. Denatured al cohol was to drive the farmers’ machines, propel our war automobiles, run our fac- j tories and reduce the cost of living to a ridiculous minimum. But where is de natured alcohol today? \ The world was to be redeemed by the bungalow'. The landlord was to disap pear and in his place would come a race of free men bowing the head to no man and raising their own vegetables. Kitchen drudgery was to be eliminated by the sim ple device of abolishing the kitchen and calling it a kitchenette. With no more stairs to climb, rheumatism would pass into history. So would the doctors. The bungalow is still with us, but alas, so are the doctors. The world was to be regenerated by sour milk, by the simple life, by sleeping in the open air. But where now are Pro fessor Metchnikoff and Pastor Wagner? And the pictures of rose embowered sleep ing porches in the garden magazines have been supplanted by pictures of colonial farmhouses transformed into charming in teriors by two coats of whitewash and a thin paper edition of the classics. Does this show' that we must give up all hope of seeing a new world about us before 1915? By no means. We still have eugenics. PLAGUES AND ANTIDOTES From the St. Louis Post-Dispatch. THERE IS A GREAT PLAGUE OF— Hot weathrr. Bad baseball. Chinch bugs. Trashy books. Dishonesty. War. Lobbyists. Bosses. Strikes. Trusts. Chlggera. Chewing mim. Army worms. Unrest. Cigarettes. High prices. Suffragettes. Humidity. Tight skirts. Dogs. Joy riders. Dullness. Standpatters. Problems. Prize fighters. Billboards. Prohibition. Bad roads. Smoke. Mosquitoes. / Picture shows. Cranks. THERE IS, HOWEVER, A GREAT DEAL OF— Cheerfulness. Reform. Tolerance. Love. Beauty. Peace. Optimism. Kindness. Good tobacco. Good literature. Democracy. Corn. Light. ~ * Screening. Fair dealing. lee water. Amusement. » Art. Careful driving. Inquiry. Wheat. Common sense. NEW TROUBLES FOR HOSTESSES From the Bo9ton Transcript. London hostesses are confronted tills year with the most perplexing problem of late years—the uninvited guest, a person who has no more nefarious design (none, for Instance, on the spoons) than an even ing's entertainment at someone else's ex pense. Hostesses, however—unlike the great Lady Palmerton, who, when shown some of the uninvited at a crush at her own house, merely remarked that, she hoped they’d enjoy It—are resolved to put an end to these Intrusions, 'and it has been suggested that a hostesses’ union should be Inaugurated. Ambitious young men with a yearning for ’’society” are said to be the chief of fenders, but it is difficult to see how they Improve their chances by their rash ness. The London girl is a very difficult person to bluff Into believing she has met you before, and that is the uninvited youth’s only chance of securing a partner, unless he has the audacity to bring one with him—a proceeding before which the stoutest, heart might ouail, the risk and the ignominy of exposure would-be so great. The possibility of ’ his presence where he is so little wanted is due to the con fusion in society since it has outgrown itsoif For where It Is the usual thing for a new hostess who has not been much in London to use a friend's "list" for a dance (in ether words, to invite the friend’s friends), and where the friends are al lowed to bring as many more as they like provided they are “men,” and when clubs are invited wholesale, it is obviously Im possible to keep a check on who comes. Howover, it is going to be done, even if dames have to be reasonably cool and comfortable and pleasant. In consequence— that Is, reduced to about a quarter of their present sixe. BECOMES MATTER OF FACT From the Rochester Post-Express. John Bigelow's “Retrospections of an Active Life” are painfully disillusioning. They tell us that Dickens drank; that Wilkie Collins' work was done on lauda num, and that Bulwer Lytton was the dupe of spiritualistic charletans. When a man lives to be over 90 he has no longer any illusions. MODERN JEAN VALJEANS From the New York Sun. VICTOR HUGO'S story of tlie won derful change of Jean V&ljean from a convict to an honored pub lic official has been paralleled so many times in actual life since the French au thor’s great novel was published that fic tion readers of a new generation have be gun to think that after all there was nothing so remarkable about the charac ter creation of the great "Lea Mlserables.” In fact, the other day story of Charles L. Goldberg of New' York may be set down as a much greater source of interest than Valjean’s sufferings and sacrifices were. The Goldberg story was just the oppo site of the Hugo tale. In the latter a con victed man escapes from prison to live a blameless life and Improve himself that he may do others good. In the Goldberg case the man was living a blameless life— apparently—as a bookkeeper. He longed for an education In medicine for two rea sons. He 'wished above all things to be a doctor and next he wished to be a doctor in order that he might take up a special practice at low fees among the very poor So Goldberg stole to accomplish his end. He padded the pay rolls of the concern he worked for and used the money to pay for the completion of his studies at the Long Island Medical college. He was truly penitent for his misdoing and his employ ers agreed to let him pay back his steal ings at the rate of $10 a month. The court dismissed the charge against him because of this adjustment. Goldberg's is not the first case of the kind where men have stolen to accomplish what would be considered the aim of a very laudable ambition if the means of furthering such ambition had not been so questionable. It is estimated by the very prosaic heads of detective bureaus who have had charge of the “spotters” em ployed to catch railroad employes steal ing that hundreds of'men have systematic ally robbed the railroads, banked the money and after a certain amount has been saved have resigned their positions, received an honorable discharge and then opened up a business of some kind with the proceeds. A curious case became known to one or two churchmen in Chicago a year or so ago. A young man had been chosen chair man of the board of trustees of a church not now to be designated. Older men than he had chosen him because of his high character and because as superintendent of the Sunday school he had demonstrated Id a -high pressure, nervously aggressive way how things could be done. There was a debt of $10,000 on the church that must be met within a short time. The young man was hailed as the exact person to devise the plan to get the money. The young man tried a number of ways to raise money but did not succeed. At last he went to a notoriously tight fisted old man of money on the North Side. He pleaded eloquently for first a contribution, and second a long loan at low interest. The old fellow' eyed him •coldly and at last said: “1 doubt that you can raise that money any way or shape, smart as you are reported to be. 1 tell you what I'll do. If you come to me next Friday night ami show me $5000 in cash—not promises—I’ll loan you the other *5000 for lo years at your own rate of interest. Let's see if you’re the man they claim you are.’’ The young man's pride In his reputation led him to err. He was employed in a bank. He had live days to meet the old man’s offer. In four days he had eoaxed and cajoled church folk into handing him $1600 cash. Not another cent could ho raise even with a flue tooth comb. He grew desperate through pride of his repu tation and took $3500 fram the bank from a I fund that would stand the withdrawal for just one week. Friday night he went to the old man and displayed the $5000. The old man kept Ills word and wrote him a check for $5000 more forthwith. The $10,000 was taken to the church’s creditor, who received It with great surprise, as he expected ex cuses and pleas for time. Said he: "1 pressed you for this money because I needed It badly and would have made trouble for you if I hadn't received it. Hut that was a week ago. I am out of finan cial difficulty now. I congratulate you on your energetic raising of the, amount." "Then—as It has been an awful strain on some of the givers to contribute this money—let me have $3500 back at your usual rate of Interest, payable In two years. Some of the men from whom I got the money let me have It as a favor to me alone and depriving themselves greatly. Wo can make up this amount In two years easily.” “Most assuredly," said the church's creditor. So the church's obligation was met and the young trustee put back the $3500 in the fund from which It was taken. His associate trustees praised him to the limit and worked with tenfold vigor to clear up the short time $3500 debt. It was paid oft In one year. The Identity of the unknown giver was never asked. It was a sacred secret. The conscience of the young trustee bothered him at times, but as he never did anything like it again he came to believe that In just tills one Instance the end Justified the means and that pil fering for a laudable object might not be so sinful In the long run. Just before the young trustee died of a sudden attack of pneumonia be told the story to th(isrector of the church. The one or two who beard it afterward quoted a text: "Judge not lest ye be Judged.” 'LIKE ARMY AND NAVY From the New York Journal of Commerce and Commercial Bulletin. FOR the last quarter of a century it has been recognized as a glaring anomaly that a body of men en gaged In the performance of a service ot vital necessity to every member of the community should be conceded tho right to be the sole Judges, not only of whether they have any substantial grievance, but of the manner in which any grievance that may exist should be redressed. Some re cent legislation tends to make this ab surdity less patent, but the threatened strike of conductors on the eastern trunk lines Is a demonstration of how little real progress has been made toward holding the great body of railroad employes to as strict a responsibility ns Congress and state legislatures have held the railways themselves. In the early '80's the late Si mon Sterne was called upon by the board of trade and transportation of this city to appear on its behalf against certain railroads which were refusing to accept freight for shipment on account of what was then known as the ‘Trelghthandlers’ strike” for higher wages. The case was argued at the special and general term nf the supreme court and resulted in the decision by the latter tribunal In favor of Mr. Sterne's position, which was that rail roads, though in private hands, are af fected by a public Interest; that the pub lic duty of the railway corporation to handle and forward freight offered to it. the disaffection of Its woe.' ^gmen furnish ing no excuse for the yion-performanoe of that duty. This decision (In People vs. New York Central and Hudson River Rail road company, 28 Hun.) has been fre quently referred to in similar strikes in other states, and was among the first of Its kind rendered In the state of New York. It has commanded acceptance by the courts of other states wherever a sim ilar question has been raised. But, as Mr. Sterne himself argued, in discussing the question of "The Duties of Railroads and Their Employes” with Professor Had* ley before the Commonwealth club In March, 1888: "It is equally true that not only the railway performs a public func tion, which It may not neglect or discon tinue, but that as a necessary legal and logical corrollary ItB officers, employes and workingmen are likewise engaged in the performance of a public function which they cannot be permitted to dis continue at will.” More speciflcatly, those employes can not be permitted to combine to discontinue this public service, however humble may be their part of the functions performed, Inasmuch as the occupation partakes of a public character, and the employe should be held In the same measure of responsi bility \o the public as his employer. Mr. Sterne went on to argue that if the law as It stands does not sufficiently recog nize this duty on the part of employes, there should be no hesitation about adapt ing amendments to the law by which the acceptance of a function which is so es sential to the public weal as the regular transportation of passengers, freight and mails should be regarded As an enlistment for a term of years in the public service. Manifestly, under any such rule, a railway engineer would no more be permitted, at the Instigation of the chief of his trade union, to take his engine to the round house than a soldier would be to lay down his arms without a command from his superior officer. Mr. Sterne scouted the Idea that such legislation would lead to paternal government, though he ad mitted that so long as private Interests could be relied upon to perform this trans portation function duly and thoroughly, It was as well not to replace them by gov ernment ownership. But he Insisted that when the community Is In danger of the stoppage of a service upon which Its wel fare depends, the community has the right to step in and attach such conditions to the service as will Insure its perform ance and its continuance, precisely for the same reason that It insures the regu lai-ity and continuance of the service of its armies and navies by terms of service made Independent of caprice or congplra cy. There is imminent danger that th public is to hr e an acute reminder of the folly of having left these words un heeded. BANKS ANI) INDUSTRIES From the Indianapolis News. Very few batiks fall that coniine themselves to a banking business. But the proflits of profnotion, speculation and the operation of industrials are very tempting, and a good many bank ers succumb to them. Of these, a fc-w make a great deal of money; others make a little, and not a few lose enough to terminate their care rs. No commercial bank has any business to be backing industries, because a con cern whose liabilities are payable on de mand must have assets that can be real ized upon demand. It must have a good deal of ready money; Its principal re source must be sliort-tlme commercial paper, and It should have a portion of Its assets in stocks and bonds for which there is a constant market and on which the bank can realize without disturb ing loans. Securities, no matter' how good in the long run, which cannot be instantly turned into cash, should be held either not at all or only In very small amounts by banks which are do ing a commercial business. Nine banks out of 10 that fail are wrecked by loaning too much to a sin gle debtor. They are not very likely to incur this risk unless the debtor is a Arm or corporation In which the officers of the bank are interested. So that near ly all bank failures are brought about by advancing the funds of the hank, In amounts exceeding the legal limitation, to enterprises in which the principal owner of the bank is interested. It may be water works, or it may be terminal railroads, or It may be woolen mills; no man has any right to lend the funds of his bank to himself; and this, with mote or less disguise of circumlocu tion, is done by banks controlled by one man or a group of men who also have outside Interests. Not Infrequent ly these men become bankers in order to have the deposits of a large bank to draw upon. SAN FRANCISCO ENERGY From the Brooklyn Standard Union. In the seven years which have elapsed since the San Francisco fire and earth quake permits for the erection of 50,0U0 buildings have been issued by the authori ties of that city. That is at the rate of 19 a day. It is a matter of common knowl edge that the citizens of the California town have shown remarkable energy in rebuilding the burned section and in meet ing the demands occasioned by the rapid growth in population, but it is doubtful if many people outside of California are aware that bo much construction work has been done. THE LITTLE VOICE From Answers. I love to sit at the close of day, When the light is merging into gray Like the angry frown of a nearing storm, When the shadows take an eerie form. For it seems as 1 watch the darkness fall I hear the note of a childish call— A voice that comes to my straining ears, An echo over the gulf of years. It flndB my heart, and it leaves inc glad. For It murmurs the magic passport, "Dad." And a little face o'er the broad abyss Bends down for a gentle good-night kiss. So the vision clears, and I gaze a-pace In the sweetest eyes of the sweetest face That ever captured the heart of man And held it thralled for a fleeting span. Yet the vision seems but to muck the joy I had in the life of an only boy. And before I know, the illusion fades Till it disappears In the dec-p'nhig shades! And I come to earth with a little start And the gnawing pain of an aching heart, • Come, who can atone for the form I miss? I Oh, where Is the balm (or a wound like tills? i . ,.y., , .